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f€ft In Pl-HOH +* u The Two Theories There nre two theories of payment of public officials, especially high officials who stand out as the representatives of the gov ernment. One of these is that the heads of govern ment should be pa’d on the same basis as high executives, given large sums for what in private life woulu be called “front, with salaries that should remove them from any temptation to privately profit from their power. That theory suggests that the public should pay more for honesty in office than private interests would pay for privileges. The other theory is that the government be kept very close to the people and that those who administer it have everything in common with the average of the citizenship, thereby having a deeper sympathy with common problems and a greater understand ing of the attitude ar.d desires and diffi culties of those upon whom government is most burdensome. The lavish theory runs back to the tradi tions of monarchy. The symbol of govern ment, even when monarchs are stripped of power through parliaments, is set up, as •splendidly and gorgeously, to be worshiped, aloof from sordid cares, unhampered by any of the worries that come to the herd. The theory pf plain living and high think ing was born in the spirit of democracy. One of the choice stories of history is that of Jef ferson riding on his horse to the national Capitol, hitching the animal to a post ana calmly entering the building to take his oath as ehief of the new nation. in these days of difficulties and vexations, the people might all ponder on the proper course. The high cost of government re sults in heavy taxations. There are neces sary economies. Sometimes schools are closed. The problem of unemployment fre quently enters into the necessary discussions of public problems. We may have reached the stage where it is necessary in order to have the proper re spect for law and oui democratic institutions to set apart the great and illustrious, sur round them with luxuries denied to the ordi nary citizen, remove them to a rarified at* mosphere that symbolizes the goal rather than the achievement of the vast majority. This may breed respect for authority. Or perhaps the experiment of having those who lead and serve live under the same conditions as do the citizens w ho want noth ing from government but an unhampered op portunity for the exercise of their own talents might be tried with some hope of re sults. That would he an experiment, at least as noble as some others. Anticipating Evil The padlocking of ’estaurants and hotels serving ginger ale, white rock, cracked ice, and other aids to making our current hard liquor more palatable, or the arrest and fine of the proprietors of such places, is certainly one of the major atrocities of prohibition jurisprudence. The whole procedure rests upon the anticipation of evil—upon the assumption that someone is going to aid another to carry out an illegal act. The doctrine is that of accessory to an anticipated crime. Suppose we were to carry this out literally. In most states it is illegal to drive a car sixty miles an hour. Ih all states it is certainly illegal to drive one eighty miles an hour. What shall we say of an automobile company or dealer who sells a ear to a customer in targe part because of its potential speed—say ninety or a hundred miles an hour? Should we arrest the manufacturer and dealer for connivance to assist the purchaser in equipping himself so that he might commit a crime? It will not be long before we may be arresting ticket agents who sell an interstate ticket to a man and a woman who can not display a wedding certificate. With the present grotesque failure to punish crimes which actually have been committed, it would seem that we might well lay off proceeding against those who might commit a crime. Mitchell’s Opportunity Dispatches from New York relate that federal au thorities will persist in their efforts to punish Mrs. Mary Ware Dennett, author of the tract, "The Sex Side of Life." Mrs. Dennett, as told in these columns yesterday, was convicted in federal district court, and fined S3OO. out was exonerated when appeal was taken to circuit court. Now the United States attorney in Brooklyn has decided to ask the solicitor-general in Washington to request the United States supreme court to enter tain an appeal. The whole prosecution of Mrs. Dennett has been -tupid from the beginning. In addition the govern ment proceeded on “framed" evidence. Her case has been a flagrant example of government censorship a' its worst. Attorney-General Mitchell and his solicitor-general will do well to call off their agents in New York. And it would be helpful if they were to do it publicly, ex plaining why. This would serve notice that tac .cs of the sort employed in the Dennett case are to have no place in federal law enforcement. Farm Board Troubles An inquiry into the policies of the federal farm •joarti by the senate committee on agriculture, as pro posed in a resolution by Senator Nye, should be useful in clearing some of the confusion that has surrounded the board s operations. Whether rightfully or not, there has been much d.satisfaction with what the board has done. Some farm groups ha\e complained, on the one hand, that The Indianapolis Times A SCBII'I'S-HOWARD NEWSPAPER) ijwd<-<1 sod [ ohiisbed daily lexeejit Sunday) by Tlx- Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos.. " 214-220 West Maryland Street. Indianapolis, Ind. Price in Marlon County. 2 rents a ropy ; elsewhere. .1 rents delivered by carrier, 12 rents week. BOYD GORILY R°Y 'V HOWARD. PRANK G. MORRISON, f-fjitor President Business Manager PHONE— Riley SSSI THURSDAY, MARCH 8. 1930. M- Tiber <*f i nit'-d pr.-s. Script -, Howard Newspaper Alliance, .Newspaper Enterprise Asso ciation, N< wspap* r Information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations. “Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way* the board has been doing too much and on the other that it was doing too little. Speculators and middlemen have asserted the board ; -njustly was invading the realm of private business. Senators from wheat and cotton states have been critical oecause of the low prices of those commod ities. Recent changes in policy with regard to wheat have caused wide discussion. Last October the board sought to "peg" the price of wheat by announcing it would buy co-operative marketed grain at a fixed fig ure through the Farmers’ National Grain Corporation. It bought large quantities In this way. Terminal congestion resulted. When the price of wheat fell be w the fixed point the grain corporation continued to buy at a figure well above the cash price. Recently the grain corporation went into the speculative market and purchased large blocks of futures to buoy up the price, a proceeding not originally contemplated. Now the board has abandoned its policy of paying an arbitrary price for grain, although it stands ready o go into the market and buy any and all wheat whenever the price situation makes this seem neces ary. Also, loans will be made to co-operatives on the present crop unitl July 1. This new policy has caused both criticism and praise. With large supplies of grain at the terminals, a crop coming on. a slack European (lemand and a c. k mat bet. tne boards problems become more com plicated. A thorough public discussion by the various ’roups interested should aid in clearing the situation. Southern sery-tors properly requested inclusion of cotton in the inquiry. Bitter Sugar The senate has joined the house In boosting the tariff on sugar. The high protectionists from the beet states are happy. It is heralded as a victory. But not all political victories are alike. Some are short lived. Occasionally the people at the polls over turn not only the work of the politicians, but also upset the politicians themselves. Precisely that has happened more than once in our history, when the voters have revolted against high tariff laws. Asa rule, the people are not very much interested in technical legislative questions—and what is drier 'han a tariff debate? Nevertheless, the most indif ferent voter is interested in the price of his daily food. There is something about sugar which makes peo ple mad when they have to go without, or have to pay more to get it. So we are not at all sure that the voters out through the country will let the politicians get away with this latest scheme for gouging the consumer. Es pecially as there are some three to six million unem ployed in the country and other millions on part time work and wages, who simply can not stand such a jump in the cost of living. To reverse the senate vote of last summer to re tain the present duty,, the beet sugar people entered a three-cornered legislative deal with the oil and lumber Interests. Such is the brazen log-rolling by which the senate has shot up the sugar tariff from 51.76 to $2. That is slick work, all right—slick enough to furnish skids for several senators, perhaps. According to anew rule at Harvard, students who have not learned to swim by the time they are ready to be graduated, will be refused a degree by the uni versity. The idea is to teach young men to keep their heads above water. A Philadelphia judge released a man caught rob bing poor boxes in the churches on condition thar he join the army, navy or marines. The idea prob ably being to build up the military morale. Dr. Fosdick says nothing beautiful came into hu man experience until people began to play. If the doctor is talking about certain musical instruments, we think he has gone too far. Clarence Darrovv says you can t get w isdom simply by growing old. But at least, Mr. Darrow. you begin finding out things you c?an not eat. If the Mississippi woman who wrote a rhymed confession of the murder of her husband was a spring poet, she has won success. Her poem v;as printed. ‘‘Peace societies,” says Rear Admiral Plunkett, "are fakes.” Yet peace societies can say some pretty harsh things about naval parleys. REASON By F land?s CK IF Russia has made war upon religion it will be the rock upon which the Bolshevik bark shall break, for no law of man can repeal the hope of immortality. Persecution makes martyrs, not infidels; and his tory of all religions proves it. Young Russians, half a century from the cemetery, may shake their fists at the sky, but as years pass and, one by one. they bury those they love, they will change their minds. ** * i It is almost unbelievable that men presumed to know enough to pilot Russia's political experiment should think it possible to prohibit a world-old yearn ing to live again, when they found it impossible to prohibit a yearning to drink vodka. a a a SUPERSTITION was the tool of Russia tyrants for centuries, but the shrewd statesman knows and respects man's inborn need of religion and around it weaves a faith in harmony with the government he to perpetuate. nun These Russians should have taken the Bible, per veried by their czars, and by its pages proved those tzars to hate been impostors. Te.ey should have repealed the Christ as the friend of the poor and the oppressed and made the hope they can not kill their ally, rather than their foe. a a a ''INHERE is no finer apostrophe to this hope than A that offered by Ir.gersoll. the American agnostic, \)ver the coffin of his brother. “Life is a narrow vale between the cold and barren peaks of two eternities. We strive in vain to look beyond the heights. We f'ry aloud and the only answer s the echo of our wailing cry. From the voiceless lips of the unreplying dead there comes no word but in he night of death Hope sees a star and listening Love can hear the rustle of a wing.’’ nun It were grotesque stupidity to seek to close a legal .oor against the sky and hang upon that door the Tope of annihilation. For testimony, we need go only to the French ag nostic. Voltaire, who said: “If there were no God, it would be necessary to invent one.” Aillj ii.NAbin.XNXI.A i.J.Aii.J-,0 M. E. Tracy SAYS: When It Comes to Prohibition and Other Perplexing Prob lems, Most of Us Are Little Better Than Grown-Up Children, Crying Out on Impulse. A BIGGER, busier country be cause of prohibition, to let the drys tell it, with fifteen billion dol lars spent for something better than hooch during the last ten years. Whatever you may think of the change, it represents a curious twist. Ten years ago it was the dry who moralized, while the wets talked about loss of revenue. Now it is the wets who moralize, while the drys talk about prosperity. an n Among others coming to the de fense of pi'ohibition are Henry Ford and Thomas A. Edison. ‘‘The greatest experiment yet made for the benefit of man,” ac cording to the latter, while the for mer believes that ‘‘the sane people of this country never will see the eighteenth amendment repealed, or dangerous modification effected.” Set this against the views recently expressed by Du Pont, Atterbury, et al. and what have you? n tt k It's Matter of Opinion WHEN it comes to prohibition, and most other perplexing problems, the best of us are little better than grown up children, crying out on impulse, consulting personal likes and dislikes, and peddling cure-alls on sheer faith. Prohibition appeals to Mr. Ford because he has little taste for liquor, is naturally a temperate man, and sees careful eating and drinking as the secret of long life. For five years he has been per fecting a diet which he expects to carry him through to the century mark, and which, true to human nature, he believes capable of carrying any one else through. You probably will hear more about it later on. n n n Talkalai. chief of the Apaches, passed out Tuesday morning. Talkalai knew nothing about dietetics or chemistry, had no bil lion dollar fortune with which to hire experts, and never conducted any five-year experiment, but he lived to be 113, and probably had a pet theory to explain the why of it. Old Wrinkled Meat, another In dian chief, who died some years ago at the age of 137, ascribed his long life to the fact that he never had slept in a bed. sat in a chair, or eaten with a fork. nun Achievements Mocked TALKALAI’S death cast some thing of a shadow over the dedication of the great Coolidge dam in Arizona as far as the Apaches were concerned. In spite of the crowd, the gla mour, the presence of Mr. Coolidge himself, and even the promise of prosperity, they could not forget their old chief, under whom they had lived so long. Just another illustration of how mortality mocks our achievements, and as though it were not graphic enough, there comes from France the news of 150 dead and 3.000 homeless through the breaking of a clam, and again, as though it were not graphic enough, archeologists constantly are unearthing ruins of irrigation projects in the southwest that fertilized the land for races whom we hardly can name or identify, ft n n Problems Solve Selves WHAT did those races think of alcohol, companionate mar riage, or the possibility of promoting peace by agreement? Something, no'doubt, even if they never enjoyed the advantage of an eighteenth amendment, a free love compaign, or a naval conference. And by the same token, what will the people who accupy this country # a thousand, or two thousand, years hence be thinking, or will the chatter which takes up so much of our time and attention have passed into oblivion? Most of the problems over which men get excited solve themselves, because they are not problems at all. but conditions. • Most of our moralizing and law’ making is of temporary value, be cause it originates in temporary ex citement and is designed as tem porary correctives. When we get too drunk we have a headache, and after that w T e be come very sorry for ourselves, swear off, sign the pledge, and consecrate ourselves to the promotion of world wide drouth. Eventually we cool off. and realize that temperance, whether with re gard to hooch, health, or legislation, is the most dependable virtue. f (E> j THjE. “ SHERIDAN’S BIRTH March 6 ON March 6. 1831, Philip Sheri dan. famous American soldier, was born at Albany, N. Y. In 1862, nine years after he w r as graduated from West Point, Sheri dan was appointed colonel of the Second Michigan cavalry. At the outbreak of the Civil war he gained early recognition for his courage and daring. Recognized by Grant as a stub born fighter. Sheridan w’as appoint ed commander of the army at She nandoah. While he won praise in this command for his brilliant de feat of General Early and the cap ture bf 5.000 of his men and several guns. Sheridan was censured widely for his ruthless destruction of She nandoah valley. After the war, Sheridan visited Europe to witness the Franco-Prus sian war. On his return he we named to succeed Sherman as ch commander of the army. He di: at Nonquitt, Mass., Aug. 5, 1888. You Can’t Put Out a Fire With Gasoline! cfM # >< \ Keep in Good Condition to Foil Colds BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medical Association and if iJygeia, the Health Magazine. ONE of the first symptoms of common cold is free discharge of fluid from the nose. When the body discharges fluid from any tis sue, the reaction is a protective ope. The fluid serves, first of all, to wash away infectious and toxic material; second, to bring to the in fected spot the material from the blood which attacks the germs. If the cold does not promptly im prove, the secretion stops and the nose becomes for a while quite dry. The organisms do not live in a dry state and tends to die on the surface of the mucous membranes which then secret fluid to remove the in fectious material. Not infrequently the cold is not limited to the nose, but the infec tion and inflammation of the mem IT SEEMS TO ME "ST a FIRST-CLASS writing man is tV dead and I can’t help feeling that the yapping of the censors had something to do with driving a flaming spirit out of a frail body. D. H. Lawrence had the pack at his back almost throughout his whole career. The Justice Fords and Sumners of America and their English equivalents prowled and sniffed around each book he wrote. Men not worthy to touch the toe of his shoe were empowered to lay violent hands on his novels. Os course, the customs inspectors and cops and agents who trailed him here and abroad all will be for gotten, every one, when Lawrence takes his place among the well remembered masters of English prose. One can’t be sure about such things, but if posterity fails to fur nish a haven for Lawrence that will be posterity’s dumb-headedness and misfortune, * a m Bad Words IT will be a long time before the Anglo-Saxon world grows up be yond a fear of things it calls ob scene, Words, even the blunt ones, are not gorgons to transfix the be holder into stone. To be sure, the process of enfranchisement does move on. Phrases, which once might have created a tempest in any drawing room are uttered freely now on the stage. I haven’t noticed that this has made any particular change in the fabric of morality. Words are the ghosts of things and it is stupid to suppose that any fact can be banished out of life by the mere process of refusing to per mit the utterance of its name. Still more silly is the notion that evil can be exercised by using a leng and fancy name instead of a short and simple one. There’s no salva tion on that boad. Heaven never was meant to be a home for hinters. But the censors did more than break the body of D. H. Lawrence. It seems to me that in recent years they marred the quality of ! his work. I don’t agree with the dead author’s own estimate that I "Lady Chatterley’s Lover’’ was his finest book. j Lawrence walked a bit beyond his goal in order to shock people. Not that there’s any harm in that. If smugness and complacency are not listed generally among the car dinal sins, they ought to be. Nobody is quite alive unless he gets shocked with some reasonable degree of regularity once a year. U U St Fettered AND in speaking of “Lady Chat terley’s Lover,’’ I must not for get that I, too. belong among the generations fettered into a fear of -ex. If I say that Lawrence was some what too aggressively outspoken in ’vis suppressed book, the fault quite possibly may lie in my own inhibi ts. Surely it must be so that the literary artist will not always sub- DAILY HEALTH SERVICE branes extends to the lining of the sinuses, the large cavities adjacent to the nose cavity, which serve to give resonance to the voice and to warm the air passing into the lungs for other purposes. A common cold is not like other infectious diseases, which occur once and then do not usually appear in the life of the individual. One may have a cold again and again, for the simple reason that the germs which cause cold may be taken in with the air or on the hands or in various other ways and set up infec tion whenever the mucous mem branes are lowered in their resist ance. Hence, most physicians recom mend that the one best method for preventing colds is to keep the body in as good a condition as possible. This is done by proper food, the proper amount of rest, exercise and fresh air. nrit to having boundaries fixed be yond which he may not venture. He can accept no territorial limits short of the borders set by Einstein. Nothing which exists can be whol ly foreign to his interest, nor should it be denied him. Beyond the as terisks lies the truth to set us free. Conventions still in existence re duce the novelist to the status of a mere approximater. I know there is much talk about modern litera ture’s preoccupation with sex. “Isn’t there anything else to write about?” complain certain peevish critics. And even so, it seems to me that this important phase of human life still receives less than its due from tiie fictionists. The American novel has gone only a little way beyond the familiar stencil: “And so they were married and lived happily ever after.” n n a Left Out NONE but the brave dare to ven ture into those realms of hu man conduct and intimacy which have such vital significance in the life of every man and woman born into the world alive. These things can not be legislated out of life even if we would, and why must they be left in the limbo which lies between the last line of A_, „ fellowship of| y * I / Dallq / Lenten Devotion Thursday, March 6 THE MEANING OF LIFE Read James 4:13-27.) Memory verse: “What is your life?” (James 4:14.) MEDITATION This is the question of questions. It will engage us during this Lenten season. The answer we give to this question will determine the answer we give to all of our other questions. James does not answer it. He says that it is a very transient thing, like a morning mist that the sun carries away. But to say that life is short does not tell us what it is. The Bible nowhere defines life, but it uses many symbols of life. The Book of Revelation calls it “a river of wa ter.” It springs from hidden depths, is replenished from the sky, and flows down its winding course mak ing the valley green, quenching men's thirst and giving them life. The question for today is; What is your life? PRAYER O Thou, from whom life comes and to whom it returns, we thank Thee for our lives. Grant us to know better than we do life’s divine meaning and majestic? purposes, to the end that we may not live in vain, but become Thy profitable servants. Amen. In many instances the nose is so , const) ucted that it is not possible to breathe easily through both sides; the air currents do not circulate properly, and the obstruction pre vents the discharge of material from the nose. In such instances it may be neces sary to open the breathing space by various methods of lessening the | size of the structures within the ! nose, by shrinking the membranes or by changes in the septum. The tissues of the human body i tend to self-regulation. However, they respond readily to abnormal conditions and if they are to regu late themselves well, they must be I given a fair opportunity. In many ! instances modern surgery is physi ologic surgery. It r estores the normal conditions under which tissues can function j efficiently. (deals and opinions repress) and n this column are those of me of America’s most inter esting - writers and are pre sented without regard to their agreement or disagreement with the editorial attitude of this paper.—The Editor. Chapter X and the first of Chap ter XI. We read that a door closed behind them, and next we hear that the morning sun was streaming through the window when Joan awakened. Human understanding can hardly feed on such hiatuses and grow in strength and stature. An asterisk, I think, is just about the most ig noble work of man. It is the full stop of the craven. Possibly, I am betraying my own possession of that lust to regulate and alter the expression of others which lies in every man. But as I write, news comes that the higher court has acquitted Mrs. Dennett and reversed the verdict that the truth about sex must be contraband. That’s encouraging. I am heartened, too, by the friendly laughter of the audience at “Fifty Million Frenchmen,” when languid lady refuses the proffered postcards with a gesture of acute and bored contempt. The world will learn in time that ignorance is a pretty inexact synonym for inno cence. (Copyright, 1930. by The Times) Daily Thought But the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the trans gressors shall be rooted out of it. —Proverbs 2:22. nan The happiness of the wicked passes away like a torrent.—Racine. t( A Rolling Stone Gathers No Moss’* (Neither does a sitting hen) This is not true of “rolling dollars it you roll them into an interest account here, as they will gather i\’2 r c com pounded semi-annually on April Ist and October Ist. 1930 is still young—there are still nine months in which to save. <fc We Pay 4 c <° on Savings The >leyer-Kiser Bank 128 East Washington Street V*, •*•* SCIENCE —BY DAVID DIETZ Eclipses of Sun and Moon Have Played Important Parts in History of Past Centuries. '■y'HE dramatic bill of fare for next month includes a couple of spectacles staged by Mother Nature. They will be among the most im pressive and inspiring which she has in her repertoire. On 'Vpril 13 there will be an eclipse of the moon. On April 28 there will be an eclipse of the sun. The lunar eclipse will be visible as a partial eclipse in all parts of the | United States. The solar eclipse will be total along a narrow track from a pome north of San Francisco to a point near Butte, Mont. It will be visible. ; however, as a partial eclipse in all parts of the United States. Few occurrences are more awe inspiring than an eclipse, particular ly an eclipse of the sun. Here are spectacles in which the chief actors' are the great blazing sun, monarch of the solar system, the earth itself, and the beautiful moon. In the early days of civilization eclipses were regarded with panic and terror. Many thought that they I heralded war and pestilence and I even the end of the world, j But the astronomer-priests of an ! cient Chaldea already understood the causes of eclipses in prehistoric times and possessed sufficient knowledge of them to predict their occurrence. nan Drastic Among the earliest records of eclipses is an account in the Chinese annals of one which took place in 2000 B. C. It was the duty of the royal astronomers to warn the emperor of an approaching eclipse, so that the priests might perform rites to ward off any evil effects which the event otherwise might bring. But it seems that the two royal astronomers failed to warn his majesty. According to one version of the incident, they had drunk too much rice wine. Suddenly the eclipse started. The emperor naturally was greatly wor ried. He felt that the situation re quired most drastic measures. Ac cordingly, he ordered the execu tioner to behead the two astrono mers. In 557 B. C. Cyrus, king of Per sia, was besieging Larissa, an an cient city on the eastern banks of the River Tigris. The siege was unsuccessful until an eclipse of the sun occurred. The defenders fled from the walls of the city in terror. Cyrus’ men who either were more sophisticated or. perhaps, had been told of th/ eclipse by one of Cyrus’ astronomer priests, captured the city. nan Columbus AN eclip-e of the moon occund on March 1. 1501, vlvm Chr toplier Columbus was on the is lad of Jamaica. That eclipse was *• sponsible for saving the great d>- coverer s life The natives had refused t 0 suply Columbus with food and his ten were faced with starvation. Colm bus. knowing that the eclipse as due, sent word to the natives nat he would blot out the moon urces food was forthcoming. When the eclipse began at the moment Columbus had saic it w'ould, the natives were terrfied. They implored him to restore the moon to the heavens and pronlsed him all the food he wanted. Columbus, knowing that the eclipse would last a certain leigth of time, told the natives that bing ing the moon bark wa a hard liece of work and that they would lave to give him a little time in wiicb to do it. Os course, in due time the eclipse came to an end. As the end of the eclipse approached, Columbus came out of his cabin to which he had retired, and told the natives he was ready to restore the moon. No doubt they sighed with relief as the shadow began to leave the moon's face and it.s light returned, to its full strength. It is interesting to contemplate what Columbus would have done had the night been cloudy, for obviously, in that case, the natives would not have known that an eclipse was taking place. There is an Indian tradition that an eclipse of the sun prevented * war between the Mohawks and the Senecas. The war was just about to begin when the eclipse occurred. Both tribes took it to be a sign of heav enly displeasure and a truce was agreed upon.