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S C X ! S> P J - H OW A* I> A Blot on the County Every consideration of humanity de mands that immediate action be taken to re lieve the deplorable situation at the Marion county infirmary. A Times survey Monday revealed that more than 350 men, most of them aged, weary, broken in spirit, nearing the end of life’s road, are jammed into quarters de signed to accommodate not more than 200 inmates. They sleep on straw 7 pallets, on cold floors, in corridors, packed three in a small room, in surroundings where sanitation is only a mockery. In one narrow hallway, with no ventilation, four beds w T ere found jammed end to end. Superintendent Carter admits that he be lieves it against the law to allow many of the conditions which exist, but he declares that he can provide no relief from an empty purse. Disagreement is reported between county commissioners and the county council on pro viding funds to relieve these horrible condi tions. Commissioners questioned yesterday by The Times assert that they favor a bond issue for new buildings, but opposition is re ported in the council. Common humanity calls for action, im mediate action. With winter approaching and thousands of men out of work, it is cei tain that conditions will grow worse steadily. Summer is low tide for the number of in mates. Winter usually brings about ninety transients, who leave with the arrival of spring. A greater number is expected within the next three months. County councilmen and county commis sioners have a clear duty before them, with the lives of many feeble, helpless men at stake. Workers in a Great Cause Indianapolis is paid a signal honor today. Mrs. Herbert Hoover is a visitor in the city. Not only is she welcomed as the First Lady of the Land, but in a larger measure as one of the leaders in a great movement for better ment of the nation’s girlhood. The Girl Scouts of America, whose leaders are in convention here, has a fine record of achievement in its field, accomplished in a quiet, unostentatious way. It deserves the support and of every gopd American, and the city gives a whole-hearted welcome to its representatives. Life in Mr. Ford’s Utopia How do Henry Ford's highly paid workers actually live? The wizard of the flivver repeatedly has stated that he believes in high wages so that his employes can raise their standard of diving and make better use of their leisure time. Do they actually meet their grocer, landlord and haberdasher with complacency and still have a healthy margin for the “five-foot bookshelf,” volumes from the “Book-of-lhe-Month Club,” violin lessons and symphony concerts? The United States department of labor investi gated the living conditions and expenses of 100 rep resentative families employed by Ford at his mini mum wage of $7 a day. The results have been pub lished. What kind of story do they tell? Forty-four of the 100 families lived beyond the average income of $1,711.87. Nineteen had expendi tures which were approximately equal to their in come. Thirty-seven lived within their income and were able to save small amounts. The main items in the expenditures ranked as follows: 32.2 per cent went for food, 22.6 per cent for clothing, 6 per cent for fuel and light, 5.2 per cent for furniture and furnishings and 21.7 per cent for mis cellaneous expenditures. How did Mr. Ford's employes spend their money beyond the range of necessities of life? All the families bought newspapers, spending on the average of $12.06 for these. Eighty-six families attended the movies at some time during the year, averaging $6.45 for this indulgence. Forty-eight bought periodicals and magazines. Forty-three had telephones in the house. Fort>-seven kept automobiles and nineteen bought new ones. Eleven traveled some time during the year. Nine went on excursions and seven took vaca tions outside the city. Eight carried personal prop erty insurance and four accident insurance. Seven bought one or more books during the year. Nine took music lessons. The music tastes and fa cilities of the group are well reflected in the fact that forty-flve families owned phonographs, thirty five radio sets and thirteen pianos. Only three families attended dances during the year and but two plays or concerts. While these figures indicate that Mr. Ford’s workers are able to keep body and soul together when employed, they do not show that wages in the Ford factories are creating a colony of esthetes, book worms, philosophers or social butterflies. They have escaped squalor, but their life appears to be drab and cramped. Little intellectual improvement is to be found in a group in which seven out of a hundred families buy one book in the course ot the year. Not much can be done to increase the appreciation of the “higher things of life” when but two out of the hundred families attend the theater or concert hall in a year. An average expenditure of $6.45 a family for the movies indicates that even the uplifting influence of the screen is but slightly exploited. Mr. Ford may have banished the need for charity, but he has not created utopia. Starving Our Schools One of the sure-fire parts of the old-fashioned oration was the appeal to the little red schoolhouse as the corner stone of our democracy, our liberty, our wis dom. or whatever other virtue the orator was inter ested in at the moment. That reference got applause because Americans always have believed In education for the rank and file, rather than for the fortunate few. But In recent years—what with high taxes and one thing and another—there has been much grumbling about the high cost of our educaUonti system. Strangely, the richer we have grown, more we The Indianapolis Times IA RCKirrS-HOWARD NEWSPAPER) Owned and published daily (except Sunday) by The Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos., 21f-2CO West Maryland Street. Indianapolis. Ind. Price in Marion County. 2 cents a copy: elsewhere. 3 cents- delivered by carrier, 12 cents a week. BOrD (i UK LEY. ROX W. HOWARD, FRANK Q MORRISON, Editor Pwident Business Manager * PHONE— Riley ftWii TUESDAY. SEPT. 30, 1930, Member of totted Press, Scnpps-Uoward Newspaper Alliance, Newspaper Enterprise Asso ciation. Newspaper Information Service aDd Audit Bureau of Circulations. “Give Light and the People Will Find Their Ovvn Way.’’ seem to have felt the pinch of providing for schools. Just how far from the facts we have been in think ing we were spending too much on education, is re vealed by the new survey issued by the National Edu cation Association. Taking the year 1928, the last for which complete figures are available, the survey shows that we are spending on public elementary and second ary schools, colleges, and universities, approximately two and a half billion dollars. That looks large, until it is put beside our national income, of which it is only 2.74 per cent. Then it looks very inadequate. It is less than the last congress appropriated for results of war and preparation for future war. A nation which spends only one-fifth as much on public instruction as on pleasure automobiles, or only as much as it spends on tobacco each year, can not boast of its provision for schools. Despite alii talk about our ‘‘expensive’’ school buildings, this survey demonstrates that such property represents less than 2 per cent of the national wealth. Overcrowding is an evil in many cities; buildings are inadequate and teachers are paid poorly. The Na tional Education Association has proved by its sur vey, not only that reform is needed, but that we can afford to pay for that reform. A democracy economizes on schools at its peril. Science Finds New Mystery Dr. Robert A. Millikan, who surprised the scien tific world some time ago by discovering the existence of mysterious cosmic rays, now announces that he believes these rays can be put to work. Finishing a summer devoted to the study of these rays, Dr. Millikan says they can be used in anew kind of barometer, so the science of weather fore casting can be extended. It is interesting to think that this strange force, undreamed of a few years ago, shortly will be in harness as prosaically as any waterfall in a mill town; but much more interesting are the attempts of various scientists to explain just what these cosmic rays may be. Dr. Millikan believes that they come from the tremendous energies expended in the creation of matter somewhere in the profound abyss of space. He also believes that the rays themselves are ether waves of frequencies a thousand times those of X-rays. 0 However, there are other scientists who believe that the rays come, not from the creation of matter, but from the annihilation of matter, probably in the centers of distant stars. Furthermore, they doubt that they are ether waves at all, contending instead that they are high speed electrons. All this, of course, is quite meaningless to most of us. It is beyond our capacity to get more than a glimmering of the nature of these rays. If they can be put to work in barometers, well and good; we shall bother our heads no more with them. however, this conflict of expert opinion is worth thinking about. For it is quite clear that what has happened is simply this: Science has stumbled upon anew mystery and is not in the least clear in its mind what this mystery may be or what may be the cause of it. There are some deep implications in that situation. Until a comparatively recent time, science had tended to be dogmatic. It has worn an air of ponderous assurance, and it has talked largely of “scientific truths.” Eut in late years this dogmatism and this assurance have begun to evaporate slightly. The scientist who a few decades ago was quite confident that the universe soon would be an open book is not quite so sure of himself now. He is, quite often, gently disagreeing with his colleagues. Asa result, this man-is-a-soulless-machine talk already is beginning to sound a trifle out of date. Science, in widening its own horizon, is widening the horizon for the rest of us. Certainty is not quite so easily come by. There still is room for specula tion and for wonder. Football players at the University of Washington are to wear silk pants in their games. Now it is clear to us what the coach meant when he said he had good material this year. Francisco Cambo, Spain’s richest man, has lost hi£ voice. But there is no evidence to show hush money had anything to do with it. Night tennis is going over strong :in Milwaukee. One reason for its popularity may be that matches after dark have some bearing on love games. REASON BY F LANDIS WE see by the papers that the Wickersham crime commission has been having conferences with leading brewers, relative to our national salvation, and after profound meditation the brewers have de cided that to be saved we ought to brew with an alcoholic content of 2.75 per cent. a a a For a crime commission to go into conference with a brewer to consider the public welfare is as if the department of agriculture should go into executive session with the corn borer to consider farm relief, and if the managers of the wet movement have any sense they will keep the brewer out of the picture. For he is the bird who made this country dry! a a tt HE started at it when he secured control of the saloons. Not content with his own profit, he started after the retailer’s profit also. He put fellow's into the saloon business and they were allowed to sell no beer but that made by the fellow' who set them up. tt tt tt The result w’as more saloons than the public thirst could support, and to break even, the brewer ordered the violation of every law. and he became a political pow'er more obnoxious than the slave pow'er before the Civil war. a a tt The brewer, among other things, engaged in a billboard campaign which shocked and outraged America; he pictured the heroes of our history as advocating the particular brand of suds he manu factured and this made the people of the country see red. a a a WE recall particularly the Lincoln billboard, the emancipator being represented as a rail splitter, and as we remember, Lincoln was made to ascribe his physical fitness to the lager manufactured by the brewer who rented the billboard. Thousands of those bills were torn down by an indignant public. a a a Up to date this proposed return of wine and beer has been idealized, Mr. J. Barleycorn being made over entirely; his face has been lifted and his whole de meanor spiritualized until he bears a remarkable re semblance to Joan of Arc. a a a The beer is to come forth gently like the dew and it is to be delivered to the customers by the fairies. It is a ravishing picture and it may possibly go across if the wets can keep the brewer out of it, but if he obtrudes himself, as he always has, then the re turn of,wine and beer will be jostponed indefinitely. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES SCIENCE BY DAVID DIETZ Astronomical Society Offi cially Declares That Plato Is a Planet. PLUTO is a planet. An official seal of approval is placed upon it by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific with the publication by tbs society of an opinion of Dr. Frederick C. Leonard of the Univer sity of California. On March 13, 1930, the astrono mers of the Lowell observatory of Flagstaff, Ariz., electrified the world with their announcement of the dis covery of anew planet, the ninth one in our solar system. They announced that they had discovered the Planet X of the late Professor Percival Lowell, the so called trans-Neptunian planet, ex istence of which Lowell had pre dicted. It was called trans-Neptunian be cause it was more distant from the sun than Neptune, which until t£e discovery of Planet X was the most distant planet from the sun. Later, the name of Planet X was changed to Pluto. But soon an argument began to rage around the nature of Pluto. Certain astronomers said that it was not the tran%-Neptunian planet predicted by Lowell. Others said that it was not a planet at all, but one of a group of small objects yet to be discovered, like the tiny asteroids which exist between Mars and Jupiter, Still other astronomers insisted that it was nothing but an unusual ly large comet. Orbit of Pluto MOST of these opinions that Pluto was not the trans-Nep tunian planet of Lowell were based upon the fact that early observa tions gave the planet a most un usual orbit, an orbit far more like that of a comet than that of a planet. Throughout the summer’s discus sion, however, Dr. V. M. Slipher, director of the Flagstaff observatory, contended that Pluto was the Lowell planet. , Dr. Leonard, who now confirms Dr. Slipher’s position, bases his pro nouncement upon more recent cal culations of sie planet’s orbit. While these show that the planet’s orbit is rather unusual, they neverthless show that it is distinctly planetary in character. Pluto revolves around the sun in a west-to-easf or counter-clockwise direction, just as do all the other planets. However, while all the orbits of the other planets lie in approximate ly one plane, the orbit of Pluto is tilted to make an angle of about 17 degrees with this plane. Futhermore, the orbit of Pluto is considerable more flattened or ellip tical than any of the other planets. Asa result, when the planet is closest to the sun, it is just a little closer to the sun than is Neptune. But at its furthest point from the sun, it is much farther from the sun than is Neptune. n n tx Sun Is Displaced MUCH work on the orbit of Pluto has been done at the students’ observatory of the University of California by E. C. Bower and F. L. Whipple, under supervision of Professor A. O. Leuschner, and at Mt. Wilson observatory by Dr. Seth B. Nicholson and N. U. Mayall. Dr. Leonard bases his opinion on the result of these studies. “The sun is displaced a quarter of the way from the center of Pluto’s orbit to the point on the orbit which is nearest the sun,” he says. The center of the orbit of Pluto lies just beyond the orbit of Saturn. “The mean distance of the new planet from the sun is nearly forty asti-onomical units, the astronomical unit being the mean distance from the earth to the sun, or rougly 93,- 000,000 miles,” he says. “Accordingly, a distance of forty astronomical units amounts in round numbers to 3,700,000.000 miles. “The orbit of the planet is so pro nouncedly elliptical, however, that its distance from the sun varies to the extent of some 1,800,000,000 miles, the minimum distance being equal to about 2,800,000,000 miles, or a trifle less than that of Neptune, and the maximum distance to ap proximately 4,600,000,000 miles, or nearly 65 per cent greater than that of Neptune, hitherto the outermost known member of the planetary family.” **** <l -^-*-- !S !2m * SHERIDAN’S BIRTH ON Sept. 30, 1751, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, famous British dramatist and statesman, was born in Dublin, Ireland. He received his education at Harrow and later under private tu tors. Just as he prepared for the study of law he fell in love with a professional singer, one Elizabeth Linley. He married her in 1773, after fighting a duel with an army officer to win her. Devoting himself entirely to lit erature, Sheridan in 1775 produced his great play, ’’The Rivals,” at Co vent Gardens. A year later, with the aid of his father-in-law, he became part own er of the historic Drury Lane the ater, for which he wrote “The School for Scandal” and “The Critic,” one of the wittiest farces in the language. In 1780, through the influence of Fox, Sheridan was elected to par liament and soon became distin guished as a speaker on the side of the opposition. For his speeches against the American war the congress of the United States offered to present him with 200 000 pounds, but he de clined to accept. Sheridan’s fame is made secure by “The Rivals” and “The School for Scandal,’’ which are among the best comedies in Eng.ish since the Elizabethan age. Are oranges native in the United States? It is one of the oldest cultivated fruits and its nativity is still in doubt, but probably it was indige nous in the Indo-Chinese region. Oranges are now widely distributed in all warm-temperate and tropical countries, and in many places they are wild, and behave like a native plant. In parts of Florida the or ange was found wild when perma nent settlements were made, but had probably spread from stock in troduced by the early Spanish ex plorers. BELIEVE ITORNOT t iTn * £s 4 - n>iee ©jN Constructed by ate. 776 Crass' jIMMY BIGEWW . ' jjt Or.FRANK SimpsoM AT ONE. meal. PiAYED THE BAN 3O 24 HOURS R<*itum dime ol OuCago X Cambria, CfcA CONTINUOUSLY - 300 selections ' - * st - piivycd -from memory C IMI Kmi Farm fexffcm ha. Gmi OrHiiri iiunil I-- - - ■■■ —■* Following is the explanation of Ripley's “Believe It or Not,” which appeared in Monday’s Times: The Flight of Hay—This phe nomenon was observed by the haymakers of Denbigshire, Eng land, on the afternon of July 25, 1857. Due to the fact that the hay traveled in a contrary direc tion of the wind, it at first was Evaporated Milk Found Safe Food BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medical Association and of Hygeia, the Health Magazine. AS great cities are constructed for millions and millions of people, two' sanitary problems be come more and more prominent: (1) The provision of safe and suffi cient food; (2) The disposal of sewage. In rural districts it is possible to pluck vegetables from the gar den, to milk the cow practically at the doorstep, to take fruit from the trees, and even to slaughter meat for home consumption. The supply of milk for a great city must come from many miles distant and it may be necessary in the course of the attempt to supply this milk to have the fluid pass through the hands of many men. Obviously, the more the material is handled, the more likelihood there is of contamination with bac teria or with human excretions. In the tropics, or in the heat of the temperate zone, the growth of germs in food is encouraged and, in the absence of refrigeration, almost any food substance may be come a hazard. These are some of the conditions which lead to development of milk IT SEEMS TO ME VARIETY, a weekly magazine which is said to be expert in such matters, announces the death of Broadway. Lost Lure” is the caption placed upon the obituary. “When anybody leaves home now for a trip to New York,” explains the magazine’s Jeremiah, “it’s be cause they have to go on business. There’s no pleasure any longer. “The business is attended to as # quickly as possible and away they go back home and glad to get there. To a transient now, New York ranks with Philadelphia.” Naturally, I am timid about tak ing issue with any writer on a sheet which speaks with such authority on the night life of our metropolis. And yet I feel that we can’t be as bad as all that. I have seen Broadway die many rimes. Once every five years some body announces that the end has come and begins to talk with eloquence of the city that was. St St St Even the Ancients AS long ago as the days of the old Sun the passing of gaiety was a more or less regular assign ment handed out to Frank Ward O'Malley and Ed Hill. The night life of New York died when Mou quin’s closed. And once again when the announcement came that Jack’s was no more. Broadway—the real Broadway— passed with prohibition, we are told. But it was revived, to ex pire all over again when Mayor Walker introduced the 3 o’clock closing rule. I am using “Broadway” in its widest sense. To most of us it means rather more than the precise line of a long and brightly lighted street. A night club patron is a Broadway spender, for instance, even though he tosses about his Daily Thought Give instruction to a wise man and he will be yet wiser; teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.—Proverbs 9:9. He gains wisdom in a happy waj who gains it by another’s experience —Plautus. On request, sent with stamped addressed envelope, Mr. Ripley will furnish proof of anything depicted by him. mistaken for a flight of birds, and caused much consternation in the town of Wrexham, five miles distant. My drawing was made from an old print in the Illustrated London News of Aug. 1, 1857. The Chin Whiskers of Theodore Voltz—Theodore Voltz won a DAILY HEALTH SERVICE modified in various forms for great er ease in transportation and greater safety in handling. Among the products widely used is evaporated milk. Evaporated milk is prepared by mixing the milk from many cows and heating it until 60 per cent of the water is removed. By stirring and by constantly agi tating the concentrated product, the fat globules are broken up and later distributed throughout the milk. The concentrated evaporatea mixture then is put in cans, sealed and heated to a temperature of about 240 degrees Fahrenheit. As a result the germ life largely is de stroyed. Evaporated milk seems to keep almost indefinitely when put up in sealed cans. When the evaporated product is mixed with an equal amount of water a milk becomes available which is a little more con centrated than the fresh mixed milk from a number of cows, but it is to all intents and purposes other wise about the same. It has been urged that evaporated milk is more digestible than fresh milk because of the finely divided form of the fat globules. Studies of the various forms of evaporated milk indicate that it is DV HEYWOOD BROUN money in a resort as far east as Park avenue. To literalists I will admit that the street itself has changed in char acter mightily in the last two or three years. The picture houses have made it the playground of re spectable middle-class folk. It no longer is a primrose path for gilded youth and kalsomined young women. a a a Dodging the Sun BUT if Variety's observer feels that there are no longer cakes and ale to be had within the limits of Manhattan I would indict him for excessive prejudice. I hate to see Broadway’s Boston Transcript go Puritan and put sackcloth and ashes all over its front page. However, there is no gainsaying the fact that the influence of Ein stein has made itself felt among the revellers. The great German scientist was among the first to demonstrate that light does not travel in straight lines. And so it is with Broadway proper. If the visitor from Philadelphia and points west insists upon mak ing a bee line up and down Amer ica's most famous canyon he can travel from Union square to Van Cortlandt park and And little to re ward his efforts. That is, if he does not happen to like chop suey, delicatessen lunchrooms, chile con ca-ne, talking pictures, shooting galleries, auto matic photographs and dancing. Go East IF he wants to violate the Volstead act and listen to the music of three or four Hawaiians he must detour from the straight line and seek out side streets—practically any side street. Here he will dis cover the explanation of the myster ious disappearance of the old corner saloon. It’s in the middle of the block now. A more vigorous generation is even willing to walk up two flights upon occasion, to seek rest for weary feet upon a brass rail. a a a Bigger and Better I GIVE it as my honest and un biased opinion that the New 1 York of 1930 is as gay rand plea=v arable a resort fcr,visitor and native Registered 0. S. UJ Patent Offlot RIPLEY whisker contest in Suttgart ’in 1912, for the most original hirsute adornment. The judges took into consideration that there was a practical hint in Mr. Voltz’s idea, which would be helpful in case of amnesia. Wednesday: The King of Ap ple Eaters. about the same as boiled milk. Such vitamin C as the millc con tains appears to be destroyed com pletely, but the other vitamins are not affected. Since milk is not in any sense of the word at any time a rich source of vitamin C, this should not interfere with the use of this milk product. It long has been customary to add orange juice, tomato juice, and va rious other fruit juices to the diet of even the young infant to provide sufficient amounts of vitamin C. From the point of view of germ safety, evaporated milk is an ex ceedingly good product. Many authorities are convinced that it is the most suitable form of milk available for feeding most infants. For many years this product has been used in infant feeding. It should not be confused with certain condensed milks to which large amounts of sugar have been added and which therefore does not rep resent the equivalent of cow’s milk. It is found that infants fed on sweetened condensed milk may in crease rapidly in weight, but their flesh is flabby and their condition in general not as good as that of infants fed with proper formulas made with milk as a basis. Ideals and opinions expressed in this column are those of one of America’s most inter esting writers and are pre sented without regard to their agreement or disagreement with the editorial attitude of this naper.—The Editor. as it has been in this quarter of a century. The restaurants for which old-timers mourn do not compare with a couple of dozen which I could name and won’t. And if the lure consists of the opportunity to see celebrities and sit elbow to elbow with the great, I can testify that in at least a, few of the citadels it is any man’s priv ilege to gape each night at the notables of stage and screeil. There are restaurants in New York today where you can not reach your table without tripping over a dozen prima donnas. A place at the bar may be ob tained only by forward passing your order over a stone wall of the country’s best known comedians. (Copyright. 1930. bv The Times) Now Is the Time to Buy Corporate Trust Shares 38c Per Share Accumulation Price Today 7% City Securities Corporation ▲ Dick Miller, President 108 East Washington Street .SEPT. 30,1930 M. E. Tracy SAYS: The Most Surprising Thin ft. About Leadership Thcsd Days Is the Wonderful Amount of Knoicledge It Can Display After Some thing Has Happened. Niagara falls, Ontario, sept. 30.—Six thousand bankers meet in Cleveland to discuss the woes and worries of their trade. Among other things, they will at tempt to see if something can be done to restore prosperity. Sir John Aird, head of the Can adian Bank of Commerce, says hard work and plenty of it is the one effective method. Not pausing to argue the point, hard work is the one method to which most of us are opposed, bank ers included. The popular demand is for an easy way out, which accounts for all the easy explanations of why we are in. r a a a War Is Blamed SENATOR BORAH says that It is all due to the war. i If he is right we can't do much, about it, except to wait on nature. But if it took the war ten years to produce such a depression, why a didn't Borah, or some other shrewglf observer, see it coming and warn umm The most surprising thing abofpl leadership these days, whether i|p politics, finance, industry, or any\ thing else, is the wonderful amount of knowledge it can display after something has happened. St St It Too Much Science ONE year ago, Republican lead ers, with Borah among them, were quite sure that everyone, ex cept the farmer, was sitting pretty, and bankers wouldn’t even make an exception of the farmer. Right now, they are all equally sure not only of who spilled the beans, but at what precise moment. Three generations ago, our great grandfathers would have called it a case of hard luck, tightened up their belts, and gone to work. But we are scientific, if you please. We must have the thing ’ psychoanalyzed, car d-catalogued, and nicely platted with blueprints and specifications. ; In the end, we probably shall fall/ back on some good old patents medicine, Just as does Gerald Pig Nye when he proposes revival of t’f equalization fee for farm relief. m SI St St Tough on Farmer WE have talked- a great deals about farm relief off and on ] since 1867, and the more we talk the worse off the farmer seems to be. Possibly, if we quit isolating him as a peculiar individual, and his occupation as a peculiar trade, and treated him more like other people, the problem would become clearer. Though we are all ready to admit that farming is a basic Industry, we have denied it the credit and sup port which many secondary Indus--< tries have enjoyed, and for this, our bankers and financiers are somewhat to blame. It is quite true that the farmer has been given that kind of credit which goes with a three months’ note or a second mortgage, but he never has been given that kind which built railroads, put the auto mobile business on its feet, or pro*-, moted suburban development. Iw nun All Speculation A NOT only is the farmer regarded/ as a poor risk, but unless it iM within fifteen or twenty blocks <l* Main street land is regarded apooH investment in this country. As long as that frame of prevails, there is no hope of elevat® ing rural life, agriculture, or any-® thing else connected with the soilP to its rightful place. The great weakness of our so ca’led prosperity is the fact that it" ignores land, that its values are based on anything and everything except this fundamental determina tion. We have come to a point whero, we can’t think of land save as speculative proposition. Another thing, we have come to a point where we can’t think of land as the foundation of any en terprise outside of a city, a mining proposition, an oil field, or a source of natural gas. Productivity of the land simply has ceased to play a part in our economic scheme. In Canada, they take a different view cf it. In Canada, they promote farming propositions and communities Just as we promote suburban real estate, and with just as good results. In Canada, you can buy a farm that is ready to work, on thirty-five years’ time. In this country, you can buy everything but.