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$C* / PPJ -H O*V A.JLU Still In Chains Faced by a grave emergency, the people of the state find themselves still in chains despite the fact that they are spending large sums of money on a special session of the legislature to give them relief. The chains are a hypocritical attitude of mind toward facts. The chains are the secret grip on govern ment of special privilege. The chains are the petty political plots of those who want power and soft jobs. The chains are the incapacities of men to look only for the common good and dis regard the private and political interests that appeal to small mind3. The farm and small home are being confiscated by heavy taxes—and yet the leg islature refuses to divert, for the time, the millions of dollars that are being wasted by the highway department. Business struggles for existence and yet there i f * the serious threat that it will be hampered by a heavy tax on privately op erated trucks, used by business in an en deavor to keep down costs of transportation. The ranks of the unemployed increase week by week, the demands for charity grow by bounds, and yet the legislature hesitates to give back to the cities the gasoline and automobile taxes which would permit them to put their citizens to work instead of feed ing them scant meals from public funds. New sources of revenue are sought and yet there is a “moral protest” against tak ing away a part of the huge sums wasted by desperate people on gambling enterprises. In this city alone, several millions of dol lars are spent each year on various lotteries. The law can not reach these enterprises, due to court decisions that draw so fine a line that convictions are impossible. The people buy these tickets and see courts order their return to the operators when zealous police officers make raids. The drain from this source alone amounts to at least half the tax levy. It goes to the racketeers. If the people pay, the least that could be done is to see that the revenues go to the victims in the form of taxation instead of into private hands. There is hypocrisy in the hesitation to repeal the Wright law that it is not only in effective, but costly. Every effort to curb the rapacity of pub lic utilities which have greater power to tax than have public officials is blocked by servi tude to these powerful interests. Public ownership of these utilities would free business from much of its burden and the citizen from unjust tribute to pyramided financial monstrosities. Waste in government continues. Unneces sary and costly commissions continue to thrive. High salaries in public office, based on 1929 levels, are paid by citizens whose wage and income has been reduced almost to the vanishing point. The call is made for leadership. It needs more than that. The need is for intelligence and conscience. Why not recognize that the emergency is here and the time arrived for drastic action? Why not face conditions and facts and be as ruthless in the public interest as the plunderbund has been for private profit? The taxpayer and business demand free dom. The clanking chains are too heavy to carry. Hypocrisy, politics, private greeds have no place in this hour. Sixteen Years Sixteen years ago today an innocent man was re turning with his wife from vacation on the wooded shores of Russian river, near San Francisco, when he was arrested for murder. From that day to this, Tom Mooney's world has been a prison. Think back over sixteen years of your life agd con sider what these full years have wrought. The World war has been fought. The map of- Europe has been changed. The League of Nations and the world court have been launched. Most of Europe's monarchies have fallen. Italy has gone Fascist, Ireland independent, China has emerged. Gandhi has stirred Mother India from age-old slum ber. Men have conquered the air wi>h planes and the nether sea with submarines. Lindbergh has flown his nonstop flight to Paris and others have followed. Post and Gatty have circumnavigated the globe in less than nine days. The Graf Zeppelin has spanned three continents and two oceans in its 20,000-mile trip around the earth in twenty-one days. Admiral Byrd has circled both the poles by air. Einstein has rewritten the book of science. The talkie, the radio, television, other marvels have be come commonplaces. Anew planet, Pluto, has been spied out, and a 200-inch telescope soon will peer into the firmament for other new worlds. Henry Ford has revolutionized surface transporta tion, his fellows of big business have created super trusts. The Empire State building has pierced Man hattan's sky line 102 stories high. America has doubled its productive power and has been through its great bull market. Its new wealth has created new poverty and has thrown out of work 11,000,000 men and women in history's worst depres sion. Its government, tossing aside precedent, has cre ated a four-billion dollar corporation for relief to banka, railways, and states and cities. Prohibition has coma and almost gone, leaving a wake of new crimes. Labor has come to share in management and profits and is demanding a six-hour day. You have been part of this challenging changing The Indianapolis Times <A SCKIPPS-HOWAKD .VEWSPAPEK) Owned and published daily (except Sunday) by The Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos., 214-220 West Maryland Street, Indianapolis, ind. Price in Marlon County, 2 cents a copy: elsewhere. 3 cents—delivered by carrier. 12 cents a week. Mail subscrip tion rates in Indiana, $3 a year; outside or Indiana. 65 cents a month. BOYD GOBLET. BOY W. HOWARD. EARL D. BAKER. Editor President Business Manager PHONE—It liey fi.Vl. WEDNESDAY, JULY 37. IM3. Member of United Presa Scrippa-Howard Newspaper Alliance. Newspaper Enterprise Asso ciation. Newspaper Information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations. “Give Light and the People Will Bind Their Own Way.” era. Mooney, as innocent of crime as you, has been No. 31921 in San Quentin penitentiary. Through six teen years, 192 months, 832 weeks, 5,836 days, he has risen, worked, eaten, and gone to bed in his little world of steel and concrete, a speck of organic life in mean ingless motion. One thing Mooney has seen. He has seen the world become convinced of his innocence. President Wilson saved his life; another presidential commission reported his trial a farce; his own judge and jury have led the fight for his pardon; Governors, senators, may ors, organizations representing millions of the plain people here and abroad have protested his imprison ment. He has become a world symbol as a victim of in justice. He still hopes. And Still It Pours That old slogan now may be modified to read: As Texas goes, so goes the nation. For Texas has voted almost three to one in favor of resubmission of the eighteenth amendment, over turning the eiToneous belief that the Lone Star state is as arid as its senior United States senator, Morris Sheppard, co-author of prohibition. All doubt about whether the nation wants to vote again on the prohibition amendment seems to have been dispelled by the Texas result. While drys like Sheppard might sniff at the outcome, impartial ob servers may observe that more than a quarter mil lion Texans can’t be wrong. Texas confirms the swing to the repeal side, the side of sanity in law and taxation. There was the amazing upset in North Carolina, which so definitely shelved dry Senator Morrison. There were, also the votes for repeal and modification cast by southern delegations to the Democratic-convention at Chicago. Then, to bolster the Texas result, comes the vote in the Indiana house of representatives for modifica tion of this state’s bone dry law. Repeal, if these portents are right, is in. sight. —— *— On Their Merits Railway consolidations under the four-system plan must be judged on their merits when the earners present their formal applications to the interstate commerce commission. Some may perceive tacit approval of the proposed final unifications in the commission’s agreement of last week to amend its 1929 consolidation plan and permit four railroad systems in the east, excluding New England. But numerous groups, including labor, investors in railway securities, and others, will be prepared at the appropriate time to present their side of the case, in hope that the commission will conclude its final decision on facts presented at that time. Commissioner Eastman and other members of this regulatory body clearly have announced their inten tion of so judging the impending applications. It was Eastman who also pointed out that this four-system plan already has been accomplished largely by extra-legal means through railroad hold ing companies not under supervision of the federal government. Several of these concerns, apparently without' re gard to cost, have acquired large blocks of shares in railroads which are themselves in such distressed financial condition as to be large borrowers from the government through the Reconstruction Finance Cor poration. These financial operations will be fruitful fields of study for the commission at the proper time. Consolidation economies are brought about largely through reductions in working forces, removals of shops and roundhouses, and other mechanical and business headquarters; and in these labor suffers. Railway consolidation will be helpful to business generally, if the I. C. C. protects the employes and minority stockholders by following the Eastman formula that terms of railway mergers are more im portant than the mere mergers themselves. The real meaning of that collateral phrase in the new relief bill is that the only ones who can borrow money from the government are the ones who don’t need it. The names of the Russian towns where new fac tories are being built provide citizens of Pawhuska, Osawatomic and Tuscaloosa with plenty of laughs. They're always changing things at the wTong time. Just as our stomachs were getting accustomed to di gesting cheesecloth on lunch ham, the packers start wrapping it in cellophane. At a recent bankers’ meeting the general opinion was that the future of the United States is still rosy. What a whale of a difference a few millions make! Just Every Day Sense By Mrs. Walter, Feerguson IF, as has been charged, American women are sus ceptible, romantic creatures, and easily thrown into ecstasies of enthusiasm by masculine charm, then the Socialists are overlooking their best bet if they fail to plaster Norman Thcmas’ pictures over the billboards iff the land. Because, according to photographs at least, Thomas is by far the most personable of the seven candidates now running for the presidency of the United States. And the ladies are a little tired of Mr. Hoover's cherubic lineaments. Franklin Roosevelt lacks that certain something that is so effective with the fair sex. William Fester, the Communist, is just so-so. You can see his replica on any street corner. FTank Webb of the Liberty party has a soulful ex pression, but is a trifle faded; Jacob Coxey is too old; and Willie Upshaw, the prohibitionist, has a nasty gleam in his eye. This, as we see, leaves Thomas with all the pulchri tudinous honors. He has a handsome and intelligent face—the sort of countenance that, when photo graphed with the best points touched up a little, can throw women into a flutter. He may not be an Adonis, but he’s the best we can do so long as Clark Gable is not running. tt a IFEEL sure that he could make a sweeping cam paign alone. With the right sort of management, he would poll a large beauty parlor vote. And I speak for hundreds of thousands of women voters who for long have seen feminine success in so many fields depend upon bathing beauty qualities when I say that we demand more good looks in the White House. We haven't had what you call a really handsome President since Warren G. Harding's leonine head swept a majestic way to Washington, and he was a little too old to intrigue the girls (or wasn’t he?). Mr. Coolidge was a complete washout as to looks, and Mr. Hoover is butter-faced. What we would like is anew deal in politics—a really handsome candidate. We long for some personality plus, some charm, some elegance, some It. And Mr. Noonan Thomas would be le beau ideal. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES M. E. Tracy Says: Statecraft Is Powerless to Make Over Geography, Climate, or the Influence of Common Interests. NEW YORK, July 27.—Having failed to get anywhere with wheat and mutton, the Ottawa con ference tackles coal. Asa mere matter of political arrangement, the coal problem looks simple. Enland produces more coal than she knows what to do with, while Canada is in about the same fix re garding lumber, and England must look to other countries for lumber, while the bulk of Canada is without coal. What more natural than to ex change the two commodities? What better set-up could one ask for pro moting trade within the British empire? Should the deal go through, Eng land could send coal by ship up the St. Lawrence as far as Montreal, and Canada could make use of the same port for shipping lumber to England. Should the St. Lawrence be widened and deepened, as the proposed treaty provides, the port of entry for coal and clearance for lumber could be moved westward as far as Toronto, or even Lake Su perior. this is one little bug under the chip—should the deal go through, the United States would be deprived arbitrarily of a certain part of the Canadian coal market, which she now enjoys, and of the English lumber market. Under such circumstances, would the United States be justified in paying half the cost of converting the St. Lawrence into a deep water way? tt tt What of Nova Scotia? WHAT the United States might suffer and what she might do by way of retaliation, if England and Canada were to swap lumber for coal, is only one rock in the road. Asa Canadian province and a producer of coal, Nova Scotia thinks she ought to be allowed some say so. Why should her interests be ig nored to make business for Eng land? If western Canada needs coal and if reciprocity is the order of the day, why not buy it from home folks? Finally, there are the ultimate consumers in both Canada and Eng land, who will be charged with the freight and who are bound to pay more as the haul is lengthened. tt tt tt • A National Barrier IT is all right to visualize trade as taking definite channels and as properly belonging to certain well defined groups, but it is all wrong to interfere with the natural processes which determine where trade shall go, or the area it shall cover. Statecraft is powerless to make over, geography, climate or the in fluence of common interests. England could provide a market for her coal by prohibiting the use of oil, and Canada could provide a market for her lumber by prohibit ing the use of steel, brick and con crete. Politicians have sense enough not to undertake anything foolish. They should have sense enough to avoid these agreements to manip ulate trade which amounts to the same thing in principle. ft tt tt Warning in History HUMAN progress, as evidenced by discovery, invention, and the constantly changing use of commodities, is superior to any other force on earth. It suffers nothing to stand in its way. It wrecks great industries with out qualm or scruple. It develops revolution after revolution, which is none the less genuine because blood shed is lacking. It alters the habits of work and life as no other force has or can. It has transformed the external aspects of civilization during the last 100 years, and that, too, in spite of law tradition and preju dice. If statecraft is wise, it will leave the march of progress alone, refrain from interfering with the natural development of trade, and confine its efforts to helping and encourag ing improvements of every char acter. Statecraft is out of its sphere when it attempts to manipulate trade for taxing purposes, as all his tory warns. People’s Voice Editor Times—Once again a com placent Democratic majority in the house of representatives contem plates appropriating $50,000 instead of $125,000 for the Governor to squander. His contingent fund of $125,000 has been used as follows: To employ the National Swine and Stock Breeders’ Association to show at the state fair in competi tion with farmers; $35 smok’ng stands, red draperies and redecorat ing his state-owned mansion; con tribution to the Hoover banquet and the Governors’ fiesta at French Lick, and the noncompetitive bid j to clean the statehouse at a cost of $54,800, in violation of the 1929 statute on contracts. * If this contract had been let law fully, there would have been a sav ing of $30,000 and the legislature would have needed to appropriate but $20,000 instead of its recom mendation of $50,000. > I Before the legislators appropriate any money for the Governor’s con- J tingent fund, they should again j look at the statehouse and see the i bargain they got for $64,800. The Governor has stated, “It is j my money; I can spend it as 11 please.” Quoting from the attorney-gen- j eral in his official opinion to Floyd Williamson Aug. 10, 1931, in the ab- I sence of express limitation in the appropriation or other law, the Gov- j ernor has a wide discretion in the ! use of his emergency contingent' fund. There is no such express j limitation in either the 1929 ap propriation or the 1931 appropria- ! tion to said fund ... if this au- ■ thority be deemed too broad, the fault is in the law. . . .“ As the Governor's fund has been spent similar to the way a drunken 1 sailor would spend his, this $50,000 emergency contingent fund is but a political pork barrel, and all tax payers in Indiana should remember that some of the legislators are up for re-election, and others running for the senate. GUY D. SALLEE. DAILY HEALTH SERVICE Coal Oil Poisoning Is Dangerous BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medical Association and of Hrzeia, the Health Magazine. Occasionally children drink kerosene or coal oil by mis take, and as a result may develop poisoning. Dr. Julian P. Price has reported four cases of children who drank kerosene, one without any serious effects; one with immediate collapse, from which he recovered; one -who developed fever, difficulty in breath ing, and later recovered, and one who died. The patient who died was a white boy, 11 months old, who while crawling around the floor picked up a container holding coal oil and started to drink. Immediately he began to cough and attracted the attention of the nurse, who rushed him to the office of the family doctor. The family doctor gave him some ’sweet creram, followed by a drug, which caused the child to throw up the mixture in the stomach. IT SEEMS TO ME TO have walked through Broad way, now, was a mistake, all right, as a fellow may as well have walked by his own few theaters at home. No visitor, if he must see Broad way for a first time, should do this seeing in summer, but should re main content w T ith what he has learned from books. Not even a ghost of the swash buckling Broadway of our illusions is there now, although it does seem strange that summer could have wiped away so completely all the descriptions we in the west have been raised to accept. Winter may bring these descrip tions back to truth again. Ido not know. But I do know I saw no body the least different there from the chaps who stand around in front of our own picture houses at home and who always have a way of appearing cynical and vacant. tt tt tt Broken Hearts and Lights CONSIDERING the number of dark houses, one almost could say that, instead of a broken heart for every light on Broadway there was a broken light for every heart. And I wash now that I completely had avoided the place, as everybody is entitled to the hallucination that at least one spot in the world is different in brightness to any other spot, at least one spot in the world is different in brightness to any other spot. During the intermission of the musical comedy—a marvelous mu sical comedy—we all trooped outside, of course, for the customary blow and with our minds still carrying the final melody. But—biff—this melody was yanked away so quick ly that we may as well not have attended the opening half at all. Beggars obviously professional I beggars—were there in the door- When Yon Travel Rates are lower for travel than for many years. Hotels, steam ship companies, railroads, resort places, are making all kinds of inducements to lure the prospective traveler and vacationists. Are you thinking of YOUR vacation? Our Washington Bureau has anew bulletin on THE ETIQUETTE OF TRAVEL, that will prove very helpful to the intending vacationist. Hints and suggestions of all kind as to the proper thing to do on train, steamship, at the hotel, how to secure information of al kinds, suggestions for dress in travel; registering and leaving a hotel, tips, baggage, tickets, reser vations, travel and motoring abroad—all the things you need to know to make your trip easy and comfortable. Fill out the coupon be low and send for this bulletin: CLIP COUPON HERF Dept. 181, Washington Bureau, The Indianapolis Times, 1322 New York Avenue, Washington, D. C. I want a copy of the bulletin ETIQUETTE FOR TRAVELERS, and inclose herewith 5 cents in coin, or loose, uncahcelled United States postage stamps to cover return postage and handling costs: Name Strret and No City State I am a reader of The Indianapolis Times (Code No.) Right Off the Griddle Everything possible w r as done to keep the child stimulated and to restore his circulation and breath ing, but the next day he died from terminal pneumonia. When coal oil is first taken into the stomach there is a burning feel ing in the mouth, throat and stom ach, colic in the abdomen, vomit ing and thirst. If the poisons of the coal oil are absorbed the patient develops drowsiness, shallow breathing, fee ble pulse and turns blue, then be comes unconscious and not infre quently dies. In grown-up persons who take a small amount of coal oil or who work for a long time in an atmos phere where they inhale a great deal of coal oil, symptoms develop like those of a mild jag, which is called a “naphtha jag.” First symptoms are a sense of excitement and lack of self-con trol; later, however, there is de pression, headache, nausea, roar- way waiting for the grand pounce at our conscience. The same ones are there every night, a man told me, as they do not have to change theaters. The crowd changes each night instead. But when men without collars, even men who may have more money at home in a sock than you have, stand around saying they are hungry, the visit to the theater has been rather useless. They make you aware only too suddenly that life is not as bright as on the stage, after all. And there is nothing for you to do but to re-enter the theater in time and try all over again. This is an awful memory of Boradway to carry back with me, then. It is too far, ’way too far, from the visualized quarter where men in tuxedos step from limou sines accompanied by that type of woman who does not care to look either to right or to left as she pa rades Into the lobby. tt tt a Magic in Street Numbers BUT, oh, well, I am still young and will have to undergo more shocks than this if still fool enough to believe that enchantment can be obtained simply by going to a spe cific spot—for instance Forty-fifth street and Broadway, or thereabouts. We will just dismiss it, then. We will just forget about last night and some day may start all over. And each time I read of a de serted ship being found at sea under full sail, such as the sailing ship San Antonio, towed a few days ago into a Spanish port, I think that maybe even ships sometimes get tired of always being bossed around. There was, of course, the Marie Celeste, of 1872, and later the “phantom” ship Commodore with out a crew, and later the John and ing in the ears, irritation in the throat and a trembling in the hands and arms. If a sufficient amount of the fluid is absorbed, signs of shallow breath ing, w'eak heart, convulsions and death follow. Thus far medicine knows no specific antidote for coal oil poison ing. Therefore, under such circum stances the first thing to do is to wash out the stomach and to give a mild laxative. Then stimulants are used to sus tain life and the patient is watched constantly, to lend him such sup port as can be given by medicine for the organs that need it. One physician suggested the with drawing of a considerable amount of blood from the veins and the transfusion of additional blood to take the place of the blood that has had its oxygen carrying power destroyed by the coal oil poisoning. This method is, however, still ex perimental. MAX MILLER Mary, off Bermuda, and into our own port at home not many years ago was brought the three-masted Marion G. Douglas. She had been found outside with only one man aboard, and he was dazed. He knew nothing of what had happened. Some ships, like some men, it would seem, just suddenly become weary of being told where to go each day and at what time. The ships, unable to stand it any longer, blow a magic poof, the crew disap pears and the ship for the first time in its life is free to go on its own for awhile. Though it does, naturally, make a frightful mess of the going. tt tt tt Crowds Instead of Waves SUCH funny ideas as these, any way, are what can overtake a fellow' who has been out of his ele ment for a w r eek. I must be crack ing. The sight of the hundreds of folks stampeding into the subway mines here exactly at 8, then stam peding into them again at 6, must be doing this to me. And the first thing this little boy does on returning to his ow'n coast will be to yank off these clothes, pounce down to the ocean and there try to put together, piece by piece, just w'hat all has happened here, anyway. (CoDvrieht. 1932. bv The Times) # T ?s9£ Y W WORLD WAR \ ANNIVERSARY 'ms'*-ontx* U. S. TROOPS CROSS OURCQ July 27 ON July 27, 1918, American and and French troops continued their rapid advance north of Cha teau Thierry, making their total gain in this vicinity more than ten miles. Defending German forces were strengthened by new regments, but were unable to stop the onslaught of the allied armies. Americans occupied Le Channel and crossed the Ourcq near Fere en-Tardenois. It was learned that seven American divisions, totaling nearly 200,000 men, were in the bat tle on the Marne. The crossing of the Ourcq was made despite desperate resistance on the part of crack German guard divisions. Losses on both sides were heavy. Did the late Thomas Edison suc ceed in extracting rubber from gol denrod? In February, 1929, Mr. Edison said | that he had found more than 1,200 American plants yielding rubber in : some form or other, and of them i forty were worth being cultivated on a large scale. He found that | rubber could be extracted from goldenrod, and when vulcanized would respond as well as caoutchoue or ordinary rubber. Between 6 and 8 per cent of rubber was obtained by Mr. Edison from a species of goldenrod found in the Florida Everglades. Mr. Miller, author of “I Cover the Waterfront,” is conducting this column during Mr. Broun’s vaca tion. JULY 27, 1932 SCIENCE BY DAVID DIETZ Butterflies Have Fragrance of Flowers; Wide Variety of Pleasant Odors Diffused. MANY butterflies are not only as beautiful as flowers, but they have the fragrance of flowers. This is pointed out by Austin H. Clark, distinguished biologist of the Smithsonian Institution, who has given much time to the study of butterflies. An examination of some of the common American butterflies re veals that a wide v-riety of pleas ant odors is given off by the scent scales of the males, he reports. Among butterflies with very pro nounced odors, he finds, is the common orange-and-black regal fritillary. The male of this special has a strong odor, which is both sweet and spicy and resembles that of sandalwood. It is detected easily, Clark says, by smelling the upper surfaces of the fore wings of the male. The female of this special, how ever, has a special scent-producing organ, which gives off a powerful and nauseating odor, he says. One usually thinks of the butter fly as dancing about with an aim less unconcern, but Clark reports that the fritillary is shy and sus picious. It has a decided preference for the flowers from whose nectar it feeds, mostly red milkweeds and thistles. But as a rule it visits only tall, isolated plants and generally feeds ony on the topmost blossoms from which the view is uninter rupted. Clark reports that the males are more shy and more suspicious than the females of the species. tt tt tt Milkweed Butterfly ANOTHER butterfly which Clark finds has a distinctive odor is the common milkweed butterfly of the eastern United States. It emits an odor like the faint, sweet fragrance of red clover blos soms or the flowers of the common milkweed. This fragrant odor, however, is emitted only by the males. Clark finds that it arises from the scales within little pouches on each hind wing of the male. As in the case of the fritillary, the female has no such similar sweet odor, but gives off r. very disagree able odor, which Clark says resem bles that of a cockroach. The milkweed butterfly is a great wanderer and strong flier. It is par ticularly fond of flying along the seacoast or the banks of a wide river. Clark says that it has been seen on the open sea 100 miles from shore. It usually flies between 10 and 15 feet above the surface of the water. It flies with a speed of about 20 miles an hour and always in a straight line. An odor resembling that of crushed violet stems is possessed by the common blue butterfly of the middle Atlantic states, Clark says. This butterfly is a woodland crea ture, found frequently in bushy bogs. It has a decided preference for white flowers. Such preferences on the parts of various butterflies for particular flowers or flowers of particular color are among the most interesting facts which Clark points out about but terflies. The popular conception of a but terfly is an aimless creature, fitting about without destination or pur pose. Clark shows that each but terfly has definite habits and tastes, tt tt tt Yikes Yellow Flowers THE tiny butterfly known as the lesser sulphur butterfly has an odor like that of dried grass or hay, Clark says. A similar ordor is pos sessed by the yellow clover but terfly. The yellow clover butterfly, Cark finds, has a decided preference for yellow flowers. If a cloud hides the sun, it seeks a place of rest at once, picking out a yellow clover leaf or some other yellow leaf. This butterfly has a strong social instinct and does not seem happy without companions. A lone indi vidual can be decoyed by dropping a small piece of yellow paper on a muddy spot. Another species which has a fond ness for yellow flowers is the cloud less sulphur butterfly, it has an odor resembling violets and musk. One of the most common species of butterflies throughout the east, perhaps, the most common of all is the cabbage butterfly. The male of this species, according to Clark, has a faint odor like that of sweetbriar. It has a preference for white flowers. The cabbage butterfly, Clark says, has been the subjet of considerable superstitious lore, because one will occasionally appear in a house in mid-winter. This is because the caterpillars often pupate on firewood. When this is piled near a stove the warmth hastens the metamorphosis, and so the butterfly is likely to emerge before the end of winter. j Daily Thought | For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.—Hebrews 10:36. Great is the advantage of pa tience.—Tillotson. Do the stars have points? They only appear pointed, on ac count of the diffusion of the light that is broken up and interfered with by tiny particles of dust and solid matter in the earth’s atmos phere. Your Questions Answered You can get an answer to any answerable question of fact or information by writing to Frederick M. Kerby. Ques tion Editor, Indianapolis Times Washington Bureau, 1322 New York avenue, Washington, en closing 3 cents in coin or post age stamps for reply. Medical and legal advice can not be given, nor can extended re search be made. All other questions will receive a per sonal reply. All letters are confidential. You are cordially invited to make use of this free service as often as you please. Let our Washington Bureau help with your problems.