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tc* t*r J- M o*v H The Bonus Fight The American Legion in this state an nounces a determined drive for the immedi ate payment of the bonus. The National Economy League will try to convince the people that such a payment at this time is impossible, that it can be paid only at tremendous cost to all business and would result in such financial chaos as to cre ate more unemployment, more misery, more widespread dislocation of industry. To those of the legion who proudly an nounce that the movement now is in the hands of a different group than the desper ate men who went to Washington, the ques tion may be put as to whether this is a de mand for a bonus or a demand for relief. The answer is, of course, easy and con vincing. If members were not in need because of unemployment, not because of war services, there would be no demand for payment at this time. The whole movement for immediate pay ment of a debt- not due for a decade comes from the fact that unemployment has re duced many members of the legion and other veterans’ organizations to want. Their troubles are exactly those of the other citizens who will be compelled to pay in some form of taxation, should the money be printed or borrowed for this purpose. If a job could be provided for every man who today wants his bonus, only a few would take the money, and those few would waste it. In the final analysis, the bonus payment creates a preferred class of those who want governmental relief for unemployment. All class legislation hurts those not eluded in its beneficence. The bonus is not the answer. At the present time it means more disaster for those who now demand it. In the end it could easily result in national chaos. The Cause of Crime This city today welcomes the leaders of those who are attempting to do something for the criminal. Men who have advanced views on punishment, on probation, on training of prisoners in trades will discuss these most important questions. Some day all such discussions will go to the cause rather than the cure of crime. A few years back, this same gathering would have named the saloon as the cause of about 80 per cent of all crime. The saloon was abolished. But crime increases. Today many would say that pro hibition is a cause of crime. These would probably be as wrong as were those who said the saloon caused all crime. Unemployment this year will cause much crime and send men, young men and heads of families to prison. They will take what does not belong to them. Idleness always leads to some form of re volt. Crimes against property on a small scale always have sprung from poverty. The comfortable and the safe do not steal small sums. Occasionally the law has been strong enough to put into jail those who steal in millions, but not often. One cause of crime is disease. The doctor finally may turn out to be the greatest protector of a safe society. A sane mind in a sound body is the only foundation of a real civilization. Crime is uncivil ized. This is especially true of those diseases miscalled social which break down moral standards and weaken the will. When these are conquered there will be less crime. How much of crime is caused by gossip, the most universal of habits? Figure that out and you may start anew movement to change habits of conduct. In the meantime, there seems to be nothing more humane to do than try to sa.vage the wreckages of human lives that have been broken by society. We will continue to build more prisons and make more criminals. We will provide for harsher .sentences. But there will always be those whose pity will lead them to try to help the weak. Progress has been made. Only 200 years ago chil dren were hanged for stealing. Society is no longer that harsh. But it is still brutal enough and blind enough not to be able to solve this problem on any other basis than punishment rather than treatment. The Manchurian Report The report of the league's special commission on Manchuria upholds Chinese sovereignty in that ter ritory conquered by Japan and stands by the league covenant, the Kellogg pact and the nine-power treaty. It confirms, in effect, the policy of the United States in outlawing the fruits of conquest. In effect, it puts on the spot Great Britain and France, who have supported Japan diplomatically •nd thus evaded their responsibility under the treaties and the covenant. No one can doubt the damning facts against Japan set forth in this report by the five distinguished and experienced neutrals who signed it—facts already re ported at length by the world press. Special credit goes to the chairman of the com mission, Lord Lytton of Great Britain, and to General Claudel of France, who had the honesty and courage of make findings which embarrass their own imperialistic, pro-Japanese governments. Though the Lytton report defends the essential rights of China in that Chinese territory, and through it destroys the justification myths spread by the Jap anese militaries* it is not unfair to Japan. It recognize* <iat Japan has special treaty rights there and special interests. And it pleads for the higher Interest of Japan which the Japanese militarists have done so much to violate. To the argument that Japan needs Manchuria as an outlet for surplus population, it points out the obvious answer, that the Japanese people are not set tling in great numbers in Manchuria. jp It agrees that Japan has a predominant eqpnomic The Indianapolis Times (A iCRIPPS-HOWABD NEWSPAPER) OwiM and published daily (except Sunday) by The Jndianapolia Times Publishing Cos„ 214 220 West Maryland Street. Indianapolis. Ind. Price in Marion County. 2 centa a copy; elsewhere. 3 centa—delivered by carrier. 12 cents a week. Mail subscrip tion ratca in Indiana. *3 a year: outalde of Indiana. 65 cents a month. BOYO WORLEY. BOY W. HOWARD. EARL D. BAKER Editor President Business Manajrer PHONE—Riley Mflt MONDAY. OCT. 3. 1932 Member of United Proas. Bcrlpps-Howard Newspaper Alliance. Newspaper Enterprise Asso ciation. Newspaper Information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations. “Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way.” interest in the disputed area, but goes on to prove that military methods destroy the trade and economic ad vantages of Japan's Asiatic market, which can be de veloped only by peaceful co-operation and friendship with China and the Chinese. Strategic military reasons were the chief force moving Japan in her invasion of Manchuria, the re port concludes—but false strategic reasons. How can Japan hope to increase her security as a nation, if she moves into Manchuria and surrounds herself with enemies, hostile Chinese on three sides and hostile Russians on the fourth side? That is not the road to safety, it is the' way of danger for Japan, as the report states. It adds that the military method is costly and defeats its own end. Security for Japan rests in holding the trust and friendship of her neighbors, China and Russia, in re taining the respect of the rest of the world, and in ob serving treaties. One of the most significant aspects of the report is its emphasis on preservation of Russian interests in Manchuria, and its insistence that no just, or wise, or lasting peaceful settlement can be achieved which ig nores Russia. The United States government probably sacrificed victory for its peace policy in Manchuria last year, when it failed to accept the diplomatic support of Russia against Japan for that peace policy. The Lytton report is not airtight. Real or imagi nary holes can be found in it by its enemies. Because it tried to be fair to the culprit, Japan, doubtless some Japanese will try to distort its meaning—for in stance, the section stating that return to the status quo of a year ago would be unsatisfactory, that new treaties, allowing much local autonomy and restating the respective rights of China and Japan in Man churia, are necessary for preservation of peace. Os course such an informal international protector ate for Manchuria could be either a curse or a bless ing, depending entirely on the intelligence and sin cerity of the foreign powers behind it. But if Japanese representation were not dispropor tionate, if Russian representation were adequate, and if the European powers are to act in the spirit of the treaties, rather than as imperialistic allies of Japan, such settlement could contribute much to Man churian development and to world peace. Prohibition in the Way Two neglected aspects of the prohibition issue were touched upon by Candidate Roosevelt in his Chicago speech. One was the need for immediate modification of the Volstead act, pending repeal of the eighteenth amendment; the other was that the nation can not, or at least will not, concentrate on a solution of its basic economic problems until the prohibition question is removed. Both these points are important. Although the Republican straddle on repeal can be interpreted by some partisan dry Republicans as dry, while some partisan wet Republicans can stretch it to cover their wet position, there can be no misunderstanding on the related issue of Volstead modificiation. Roosevelt says definitely that he will move for im mediate modification of the law’, without waiting for settlement of the repeal issue. But Hoover says noth ing on this subject; his acceptance speech, in dis cussing prohibition, studiously avoided any reference to modification of the Volstead act. One of the worst effects of prohibition has been the confusion of the larger political situation and the delay in settlement Os economic problems. During the last decade, it has been impossible to get any natural alignment between conservatives and liberals on a national scale, because the prohi bition issue sprawled across party lines, obscuring and mixing other issues. No one who believes in representative government will object to the presence in this country of a vigor ous conservative party and a vigorous liberal party. But all should object—w’hether they be conserva tive or liberal—to the continued blurring of party lines and party, issues, w’hich prevents clear or ade quate representation either for conservatives or for liberals. Today neither major party is conservative or! liberal; every test vote in congress show’s each party j split between conservatives and liberals. That muddle j is reflected in the present parodoxicai situation, in which Roosevelt is campaigning as a Democratic liberal on a liberal Democratic platform, while the liberal group in congress contains more Republicans than Democrats. Prohibition is chiefly, though not solely, responsi ble for this confusion of party lines, at a time when the cracking of our economic system requires clear cut party lines on basic economic issues. Just Every Day Sense By Mrs. Walter Ferguson ‘'■YTOU women," said the man across the dinner X table, “can't talk or think about anything but love. It’s an obsession with you." At that, all the gentlemen laughed and swelled out their chests. One could see them feeling superior. For they, with one exception, were all individuals who talked and thought only of money. Their en tire attention was concentrated upon the fluctuations of the market. They discussed interminably the possibility of a rise in certain stocks. They spoke of the election, not in intelligent terms of what it might mean to the destiny of America, but only of how it might help or harm local issues. I am aware that ail men can not be thrust into this class, but when it comes to dividing the sexes according to their chief interests in life, then it seems to me we women are decidedly superior. For if we think only of love, men think only of money, which is not a nobler preoccupation. B B B IIFE has dealt harshly with them in this respect. 4 They have been compelled by necessity to a con cern with the materialistic, because they have been the bread winners and fortune hunters. But because this love for the power that money gives has grown to gigantic proportions, American men are failing their country. They are failing their wives and children and are traitors to their better selves. For they have put money before family, be fore honor, and before the things of the spirit. Propelled by seme ruthless force that has carried them onward in spite of resistance, they have strug gled and fought and died for those things that have no intrinsic worth. It was not the inflation of the dollar that brought us grief, but the inflation of the value of the man who owned many dollars. The Insulls and the Kreugers of the earth were crowned the gods of yesterday, and today we weep the results of that coronation. The resources of this country are so vast that every man, woman and child could live well and happily here. There is more than enough for all. But this never will be until men, too, begin to think about love, until they put thfc rights of humanity abbva the rights of money. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES M. E. Tracy Says: Cornelius V. Whitney's Plan to Help Veterans Is Sanest Yet From Pro-Bonus View point. NEW YORK, Oct. 3.—Cornelius V. Whitney, Democratic can didate for congress in the First New York district, favors immediate pay j ment of the bonus to needy veter j ans. ! It is his contention that such vet ! erans must be taken care of in some j way, and that no institution is defi nitely so obligated to see that they are taken care of as the govern | ment of the United States. He suggests that boards be ap \ pointed to pass on the merits of each individual case and that pay ment of the bonus be limited to such cases as are approved. He also suggests that the required money be raised by legalizing and taxing beer. b tt u Sanest Proposal Yet WHATEVER else may be thought of Mr. Whitney’s plan, it would seem to square the bonus situation with actual need, the government’s financial strains, and practical business methods. From the pro-bonus viewpoint, it iis quite the sanest proposal yet made. It eliminates the squandering of public funds on those who can get along without assistance. It pre cludes the dangerous venture of in flation. It humanizes a controversey w’hich.thus far has been warped by technicality and red tape. As Mr. Whitney says, “If I gave a man my note, due in ten years, and he were to come to me at the end of five, explaining that he was |in desperate circumstances and needed the money for actual neces sities, I w’ould be a brute not to pay him if I could." tt tt * Plan Seems Fair AS readers of this column know, I am opposed to payment of the bonus as provided by the Pat man bill, but I find it much more difficult to quarrel with the Whit ney plan. I can see the injustice of asking the hard-pressed taxpayers of this country to put up money for men who don’t need it. I can see the risk of issuing paper money. I can see the desirability of re sisting what threatens to become a constant and increasing demand on the public treasury. But when it comes to refusing help for men in actual want, on the ground that “a contract’s a con tract,” especially after all that has been done to assist banks and cor porations, I am not so sure that I care to go on record as favoring it. It strikes me as putting a rather cold-blooded interpretation on pub lic policy. N . tt tt a Need Can Be Determined CRITICS of the Whitney plan have “wondered" how it would be possible to tell a needy veteran from the other kind. They could find out by consulting the relief committees, which have been up against that same problem with re gard to all classes of people. Considering the vast sums of money raised and expended to pre vent suffering, this is a late day to raise such issue. The fact that we have chosen to treat veterans all alike with regard to adjusted compensation does not mean that they are alike, but it has forced them into a position where they had to ask relief on that basis. I never have been able to see the wisdom or fairness of this govern ment promising tovpay a millionaire SI,OOO in 1945 and refusing a hun gry man bread in 1932, because both came under a blanket law which made no discrimination between them. I believe that the vast majority of people in this country are just as much opposed to seeing any veteran suffer as they are to dol ing out a bit of easy money for the convenience of those able to take care of themselves. I believe that it is only common sense to make a distinction, as Mr. Whitney suggests, and that it would do a great deal toward clarifying the issue. Questions and Answers How can burning oil be ex tinguished? It can be smothered with sand or earth or a wet blanket or rug —or it can be extinguished with a chemical extenguisher. Do ex-Presidents and their widows receive a pension from the govern ment? Former Presidents do not receive a pension. It has been the practice of congress to grant special pensions to widows of former Presidents. How many known chemical ele ments are there? Ninety-two. Who was the leading man in the motion picture “The Big Trail?” John Wayne. Under what religious auspices was the funeral services of Florenz Ziegfeld conducted? Protestant Episcopal. M TODAY Sf*. IS THE- Vs [ WORLD WAR \ ANNIVERSARV BRITISH SMASH THROUGH Oct. 3 ON Oct. 3. 1918, the British broke the German line on an eight mile front from Sequehart to the Scheldt canal, north of Bony, taking many small towns and 5,000 prison ers in a five-mile drive. The French advanced east and south of St. Quentin after com pleting their victory in the city the preceding day. They cleared the enemy from its positions north and west of Rheims. American. British and Italian warships anchored at Durazzo, after destroying the naval base there on Oct. 2. Bulgarian troops evacuated' Serbia. The British admiralty announced that in the second quarter of 1918 the world's merchant shipping loss was 932.556 tons—a reduction of 58 per cent from the figure for the corresponding period in 1917. m:A4eY JONES MOUNTEDTOTHE CABIN-CASEY JONES, WITH his ORDERS in HIS'MAND) Science Aids Medicine in T. B.' War BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medical Association and of Hygeia. the Health Magazine. THE mechanical methods of treating tuberculosis are, of course, aided by the use of suitable preparations for inducing rest, as well as by attempts to attack the germ and its effects with drugs, in the same way tha tarsphenamine attacks the germ of syphilis or that diphtheria antitoxin attacks the poisons of that disease. Out of this type of research came such preparations as sanoc rysin, the gold cure; cynacuprol, the copper cyanourate-potassium cya nide cure; and the biologic prepara tions known as the Dryer antigen, the Spahlinger, vaccine and the Calmette inoculations or B. C. G. Some of these already havj been abandoned; the value of the oth ers is doubtful, or at best unestab lished. With every discovery in the field of science, medicine has gained. The development of the microscope, IT SEEMS TO ME fK? D CHARLES BUTTERWORTH, a Hollywood actor now resident in New York, once planned to go to a Los Angeles fight with cer tain of his California friends. De layed by one thing and another, they decided to stay home and listen to the bout over the radio. And their disappointment at not having put in any appearance was intense, because from the moment of the opening gong the announcer pictured the encounter as the battle of the century. ‘ The boys leap to the center of the ring!” he cried. “Ace hangs a ter rific right on the German’s jaw. The German responds with a right and a left and a right. Oh, boy! Oh, boy! This is certainly one swell scrap. “Now they’re standing toe to toe and exchanging punches. Science has been thrown to the wind. This is nature in the raw. Somebody’s got todrop." nun An Ominous Silence THERE followed a brief five or six seconds of silence and then the apologetic voice of the an nouncer; “Something's wrong, folks. The referee is talking to the two boys. Oh! He's throwing them out of the ring for stalling.” And that, ladies and gentlemen, is what I think of the big main bout between Herbert Clark Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt. For all the sound and the fury, it is no contest. I v ill not deny that President Hoover is extremely anxious to stay in the White House and that Gover nor Roosevelt wants to get there. But they are not fighting about any thing in particular. Whatever hope there may have been of the semblance of a contest has disappeared since the Demo cratic leader's swing through the west. Apparently Governor Roose velt went west to win the east. I mean that he has endeavored to prove to certain important conserv atives along the Atlantic coast that Maybe It Is Maybe beauty is more than “skin deep,” but no one can pre sent a good appearance who does not have beautiful skin. A good complexion is one of the chief assets of anyone. Frequently those who lay no claim to pulchritude may exchange their attractiveness by a clean skin and good complexion. There is no excuse for a muddy, greasy skin. Our Washington bureau has ready one of its authoritative and comprehensive bulletins on TAKING CARE OF THE SKIN, detailing easily followed methods and recipes that may be used to obtain a beautiful, clear complexion. Fill out the coupon below and send for this bulletin. CLIP COUPON HERE Dept. 191, Washington Bureau, The Indianapolis Times, 1322 New York avenue, Washington, D. C. I want a copy of the bulletin TAKING CARE OF THE SKIN, and inclose herewith 5 cents in coin or loose, uncancelled United States postage stamps to cover return postage and handling costs. NAME . STREET AND NUMBER CITY STATE I am a reader of The Indianapolis Times. (Code No.) DAILY HEALTH SERVICE of artificial ultraviolet rays, of the X-ray, of various drugs and anes thetics, has come in fields correlated with medicine and has been applied to the benefit of the human being. It is quite conceivable that progress in the control of tubercu losis may depend not only on dis coveries made in the field of med icine as such, but also on discov eries made in allied fields. The chemists, the physicists, the bacteriologists, the workers in the field of plant and animal husbandry are all engaged in research which may, in the end, lead to the type of dramatic control of tuberculosis that has been mentioned. In the meantime, there is plenty for idle hands to do. I do not agree that the work of social service in this field has been a type of meddlesome snooping, leading to little or no result. There still are vast, numbers of our population w r ho have not been educated as to the necessity of the control of disease in its earliest stages. he is no rampaging radical. And the best way he could do that was to crawl into the lions’ cage out where insurgency begins and offers to Smith Wildman Brookhart and other lone prowlers the crumbs of ladyfingers. B B B Fall Pleasantly on Ear IDO not mean that Governor Roosevelt's speeches have not been animated by a pleasant liter ary style and illuminated by what seems to be a charming personality. Nor will I accuse him, as some of his detractors have done, of being vague. It seems to me that he has made his meaning quite plain. And if I read his message aright he is say ing to the multiitudes, “I am safe, sane, and smiling.” This puts him one up on Herbert Hoover. Upon many occasions I have been accused of being pro-Roosevelt. And that is based upon my very strong conviction that he can not possibly lose the election. It will be a landslide. Governor Roosevelt has made an effective campaign upon the slogan that all America needs is anew coat of paint. The cards have been stacked in his favor. Not only has he fallen heir to the support of those who would just as soon vote for Old Nick himself as back the incumbent, but he has won new converts through his personality. After all, Governor Roosevelt is running in a land which often calls third-rate novels great because the author has charm. It is a country in which actresses are hailed as second Duses because they have charm. It is a region where slipshod newspaper columns very often are accepted as excellent because the man who wrote them is so whim sical. But charm is almost as poor a butter for parsnips as good inten tions. During a severe winter the unemployed will not be clothed and There still are mothers who send their sick children to public schools, where they spread disease to the well. Modern civilization demands a certain amount of control over ac tions of the individual. The diagnosis, the treatment, and perhaps the prevention of disease in the individual has been and must continue to be the work of the in dividual physician. The prevention of disease in the community must be the work of the public health officer and the social service worker. No doubt, the best results will be accomplished in penetrating into the unexplored regions of tuber culosis, and in lowering still further the mortality rates by intelligent and sympathetic co-operation of these three professions. No small part of their labors will be the education of an uninformed public as to the part that it must play in securing the desired result. Ideal* and opinions expressed in this column are those ol one of America’s most inter esting writers and are pre sented without regard to their agreement or disagreement with the editorial attitude of this paper.—The Editor. fed and kept warm through the charm of Franklin Roosevelt. And the remedies which he sug gests sound to me like pretty much the same thing as Hoover plans, only said more graciously B B B Merely Popularity Contest IF you like, there is an issue be tween the two contenders of the major parties in the matter of per sonality. Long ago I recovered from the heresy of assuming that good fellows in office spread sweet ness and light, even down to the lower depths. I honestly felt that it was impor tant that James J. Walker should beat Hylan. As things stand now’, I could wish that Norman Thomas was a man of far less persuasive appeal.' It wor ries me that many are going to vote for him because he is an attractive personality. It isn’t quite true that any season will do. Other urges are so much more vital. He deserves and should receive support from those to whom our present estate and even our estate before the crash of 1929 didn’t be gin to be good enough. I suggest to voters that, after all, this isn’t a bathing beauty test, but a national election. (Copyright. 1932. by The Times) People’s Voice Editor Times—My countrymen, we have entered another national po litical campaign calling the elector ate of the country to vote on Nov. 8, as to whether they are content with the status of government affairs, as a result of nearly twelve years of unbroken Republican rule. Not so much as a Democrat nor as a spokesman for any party, but as an American citizen, I should think not, however, what little one must know about a great nation com posed of forty-eight sovereign states, with diversified interests, and con flicting applications of policies best suited to meet the requirements of each, with people varying in in dustry, habit, and intellectual capacity, home training and ed ucational pursuits. ' Yet it does seem to me that, after going through what the people have in the last several years, they would know from dire and disheartening experience that Hoover has neither statecraft or leadership and that, knowing as much as the average American does about government, good laws and the discipline of in stitutions, they would all vote the Democratic ticket this election. If a little fellow like me would dare cast the slightest shadow upon the President of our country, I should like to ask the voters: Did not Mr. Hoover tell us that he would do his best to help the labor ing class? Has he done it? Didn’t he say he would not allow a wage cut and that we should maintain our standard of living. Didn't he say emphatically that prosperity was just around the corner? May the Lord once more feleu OCT. 3, 1932- SCIENCE BY DAVID DIETZ Frank Sullivan. Sees Great Fun in Astronomy , Proving Every Theory IVrortp After Four Days. -r>RANK SULLIVAN, the engag ing humorist, writes in the New Yorker an amusing take-off on the recent solar eclipse. He tells of anew theory known as the “smudge theory,” which was the sensation of the astronomical world until Professor Einstein proved it wrong four days later. All astronomical theories, he re marks, are proved wrong after four days. And, he adds, that is what makes asronomy so much fun. Many readers, following in par ticular the argument going on be tween Dr. R. A. Mi’likan and Dr. Arthur H. Compton, . America’s only two living holders of the Nobel prir* in physics, over the nature 01 the mysterious cosmic rays, may feel that Sullivan is right. The world was excited a few years ago when Dr. Millikan an nounced that the cosmic rays were waves like X-rays, only thousands of times shorter than X-rays and thousands of times more penetrat ing. Millikan, following many experi ments. took the position that the rays came in equally from all di rections and represented the syn thesis of heavy atoms from light ones in the far corners of the uni verse. This was his position when I talked to him last, spring. Whether he will change his mind as a re sult of the experiments, which he is conducting at the present time, remains to be seen. B B B Eddington’s View T AST month, at the meeting of the International Astronomical Union in Cambridge, Mass., I talked with Sir Arthur Eddington, world famous British astronomer. Eddington said that he thought Millikan's view of the formation of cosmic rays the most probable, but that he disagreed completely with Millikan as to their significance. Millikan regards the cosmic raj’s as proof that the universe is not running down. To him, they are a cosmic rainbow of hope, proof that somewhere in space, the universe is being wound up again. Eddington says he does not see why that follows. Stars, he says, are aggregations of matter giving off energy. Gradually, they are cooling off and in the process becoming denser. According to Eddington, the process by which light atoms com bine to form heavier ones, giving off cosmic rays while so doing, is ex actly the same kind of a process. To him, cosmic rays are just one more proof that the universe is run ning down. Sir F. W, Aston, another wrorld famous scientist, was also at the Cambridge meeting. Aston told me that he agreed w ; ith Eddington that the universe probably was running down, but that he could not agree with Millikan or Eddington about the origin of the cosmic rays. He said that the evidence that they were formed by the union of light atoms to make heavy onet seemed very unlikely to him. While we were at the Cambridge meeting, we received news of Arthur Compton’s measurements north of the Arctic Circle. Compton said that the rays were deflected by the North Magnetic Pole and that therefore they were electrons. In other words, he said that they were particles and not waves at all. B B B The Important Thing AN editorial in a recent issue of the New York Times calls at tention to the argument between Millikan and Compton and express es relief over the fact that Compton says that if he is right, then Milli kan is wrong. It calls attention to the fact that lately, when two conflicting observa tions are made, scientists assume that both are right. Eddington, for example, this writer says, puts down equations to prove that the universe is expand ing and shrinking at the same time. Or, for example, scientists think of space as being both finite and in finite. It’s too bad this editorial writer was not present at one conversation we had at Cambridge. During a dis cussion in a group which included Eddington, Dr. Karl H. Compton. Arthur’s older brother and the pres ident of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, suggested that the cos mic rays may be both particles and waves. His idea was that swift elec trons entering the earth's atmos phere might give rise to extremely short waves when they collided with the atoms of air. Thus, both elec trons and short waves would be present. In conclusion, I would like to al lude to a conversation I had in Cambridge with Dr. Walter £ Adams, director of Mt. Wilson ob servatory. His astronomers have been mak ing the measurements upon which L'"istein, De Sitter, Eddington and others, have been basing much of , the discussion concerning the ex panding universe and so on. I asked Adams what they were going to do in the midst of the present profusion of conflicting opinions. He said that they were going to go right on making measurements and accumulating new data. That is the important thing. It is interesting that scientists are in vio lent disagreement. It is important that new data is being accumulated. It is to be hoped that eventually all the facts will be sorted out and an agreement reached. Daily Thoughts Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world; he that followest me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.—St. John 8:12. To worship rightly is to love each other, each smile a hymn, each kindly deed a prayer.—Whittier. our country and give us peace and prosperity through the election of Roosevelt and Garner is my hope for all. Clay City Ind. WILLIAM COOPRIDER.