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The Indianapolis times. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1922-1965, November 30, 1932, Home Edition, Image 6

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THE OTHER ANSWER
When private charity fails to respond to the needs
of the hour, the only other way is supplying work
through public funds.
The response to appeals for funds for the relief of
the needy suggests that the private purses of those
who are rated as owners are not as W'ell filled as they
might be.
Unemployment, which beggars the worker, also
burdens the employing class and will soon bankrupt
It. Idle men are unprofitable.
Idleness hits not only at the man who is jobless
but at every interest of the community. The huge
fact impresses that our social, industrial and financial
organizations are formed for workers, not drones,
and break down when large numbers are withdrawn
from work.
Borrowing money from the federal govern
ment for the immediate needs of those without work
only postpones the evil day. It is not a solution. It
may not even be sufficient for needs.
But borrowing funds to put men to work on enter
prises that will return something in the way of profit
or at least of liquidation is a different matter.
This city could use the labor of the thousands who
are now out of work. It could use it in replacing
slum districts with homes of comfortable character.
It could use that labor in reducing fire hazards and
thus lift insurance burdens. It could use labor in
a way to develop better living conditions.
The problem of unemployment must reduce itself
to finding work for the workless. If work can be
found by private industry, the problem is solved.
But this winter, in Indianapolis, the solution will
probably be found in the launching of. some project
for which funds may be borrowed from the federal
government and which will put to work large num
bers of men.
What is your suggestion as to the most important
project which can accomplish two things—give work,
and secondly, return a service to the community that
will be worth the money?
FOR BETTER HEALTH
In a nation that spends three and a half billions
annually on its medical services, far too many people
are ill from preventable illness. This much, until
Tuesday, we knew. But Tuesday the committee on
the costs of medical care made public its five years’
study and now we know more. We know that
Wc are working largely from the wrong end. Os
the money spent on health, only 1.4 per cent so”
prevention.
The great five billion dollar health machine
spreads its benefits with favoritism for the well-to-do.
With all our advances, any one of the major pre
ventable diseases takes more American lives yearly
than did the World war. Tuberculosis alone takes
83,000 lives and maintains a continual sick roll of
630,000. Annual infant deaths are nearly three
greater than those of World war soldiers.
The general practitioners are underpaid. In 1929,
the 70,000 general doctors got less than the 30,000
specialists. The average annual net income of one
third of our 142,000 doctors is under $2,500.
There is acute shortage of rural hospitals and doc
tors, of good dentists, obstetrical nurses, convales
cent facilities, adequate public health support. Edu
cation costs increase, quackery abounds, the true
needs of the people are not being met.
A storm is certain to break over some of the com
mittee’s recommendations. The keystone of these
is the development in each community of a ‘medi
cal center” for complete home, office and .hospital
care, to enable each doctor to maintain the highest
standards at the lowest costs.
To spread these costs, group payment is suggested,
through insurance or taxation, or both. Other rem
edies include larger government support of public
health, co-ordination of city and urban health serv
ices, and many suggestions for better trained per
sonnel.
The health center and group payment plans will
be opposed by some as an approach toward socialized
medicine. One minority group of nine sees in them a
desertion of the old family physician for mass treat
ment and corporate medicine.
We believe that some such fundamental reform
must come, and the American trend seems to be to
ward insurance rather than state collectivism.
The report is timely. The depression has revealed
the suffering of the masses. It also has razed many
prejudices. On the cleared ground must be built a
structure that better will conserve the nation’s health
than the expensive and inefficient one we now main
tain.
The new structure must be built so that the best
of medical care may be available to each one of the
125,000,000 of us.
DEMOCRATIC REPEAL
Speaker John N. Garner is being blamed by some
wets for his apparent retreat from the demand for
a house vote the opening day of congress on prohi
bition repeal. We prefer to reserve judgment.
The test is not whether there is action the first
day, or the first month, for that matter, but that
the measure which does pass shall be an honest re
peal resolution, unencumbered by dry jokers. It would
be far better to wait for an outright measure than
compromise on a half wet-dry monstrosity, to force
action quickly.
What the best legislative strategy may be we do not
profess to know. Like the average voter, we are in
terested in the result. It is up to Garner and his
Democratic colleagues to produce the pledged result.
Meanwhile, as experienced parliamentarians, they de
serve to be let alone to work out the most effective
procedure.
Snap action by the house will be a futile gesture
unless it is co-ordinated with proper senate action.
What, if anything, is the Democratic leadership doing
along this line?
The Hoover dry forces have the support of not a
rtw southern Democrats in trying to emasculate the
repeal resolution in at least three different ways:
1. To provide a long or unlimited period in which
the states may ratify, thus giving opportunity for dry
obstruction and political deals in the states to pre
vent ratification. *
2. To provide the state legislature method, instead
of the special state convention method for ratification,
which would give the drys unfairly large representa-
Jk
The Indianapolis Times
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BOYD GURLEY. ROY W. EARL D. BAKER, ’
Editor President Business Manager
• * ■ -
PHONE—Riley 5551. WEDNESDAY. NOV, 30. 1932.
Member of United Press, Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance, Newspaper Enterprise Asso
ciation. Newspaper Information Service and Audit’ Bureau of Circulations.
“Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way.”
tion on a population basis and which would permit
general legislative log-rolling to block ratification.
3. To reverse the resolution from the repeal form
to the form suggested by the Republican platform—
that is, to shift from the Roosevelt outright repeal
to the Hoover amendment of the eighteenth amend
ment to outlaw saloons and retain federal police power
and enforcement.
Here, of course, is the crux of the issue.
On this issue the Democratic leaders can not com
promise without betraying their direct and specific
campaign pledge. The Hoover plan was rejected
flatly by the Democratic convention.
The Democratic platform and the candidates defi
nitely committed the party to unqualified repeal and
by the special state convention method of ratification,
ihe Democratic party and its allies control not only
the new congress, but the lame duck session, house
and senate.
Having the power, the Democratic party is respon
sible. No dry joker can be put over without Demo
cratic connivance.
A DELAY
It is becoming evident that the projected treaty
between the United States and Canada providing for
construction of the St. Lawrence river seaway is not
going to receive final action by the United States sen
ate at the coming short-term session of congress.
Objectors are massing their strength, and there is
in prospect a fight which could not be handled in a
session as abbreviated as the coming ore will be.
This, perhaps, is just as well, and whether the
treaty is ratified or rejected it at least deserves extend
ed consideration. That it could get a full discussion
on its merits at a short-term sitting of the senate is
doubtful.
No harm will be done by postponing the whole mat
ter until, in a full session, the senate can devote to it
the time that an affair of such weight deserves.
— 1
Vice-President-Elect John N. Garner and Mrs.
Garner announce they’ll attend no capital social func
tions unless Jack s official presence is required. It
must be as hard to knot a bow tie in Washington as
anywhere else.
It s a wonder Greta Garbo wasn’t recognized
sooner, despite her disguise. For she was the one
woman not trying to look like Greta Garbo.
It begins to look as if Notre Dtime’s defeat by
Pitt a few weeks ago was just a publicity stunt.
George Bernard Shaw declared the substitution of
"Mr. Roosevelt for Mr. Hoover won’t make any dif
ference to anybody.” Evidently the eminent play
wright hasn’t met Dolly Gann.
The hunger marchers who ate dinner first and
then took a taxi to the White House showed pretty
gooji judgment at that.
• •
We need (he spirit of adventure in cookery to add
zest to cuisine,” says Professor Mary Van Arsdale.
Just a matter of taste.
The business magnate who condemns whistling
on the job makes it a bit tough for the football ref
erees and traffic cops.
With 40,000 horses on the race tracks this year,
it was just as hard as ever to pick the winner.
The ‘‘give a job” movement will get new impetus
around Washington, D. C. ( next March.
There’s no friend like an old friend—if he can
‘‘fix” a traffic sticker.
Just Plain Sense
■” BY MRS. WALTER FERGUSON —= =
'T'HE humblest, but most blessed compensation for
X being a woman lies in the fact that when in the
dumps you always can crawl out by scrubbing some
thing. ✓
And surely the most pleasant thing in the world
Is to wake up some morning with a, passion for taking
everything out of the closets or rearranging the china
cabinets or polishing the floors.
Nothing is so good for the
nerves or the blues as houseclean
ing. To shine articles that are
dull; to scour those that are dingy
and to wash those that are dirty—
this is to imagine faintly how the
god of earth must feel when he
sends tempests of wind and rain
to wash the long-accumulated
dust from forest leaves and prairie
grasses.
Every woman understands tttis
sensation. No matter what sort of life we lead, all
of us have enough of this latent instinct for house
wifery to long occasionally for these orgies of reno
vation.
So the business girl will revel in a holiday when
she can sit on the floor and take out and put back
everything in the dresser drawers, or poke about
amid all the odds and ends that have been thrust out
of sight for half a year. Almost invariably she will
emerge with a freshened spirit, though her body be
tired.
a a a
/"\R suddenly, without warning, one is overcome
with a desire to shift the furniture about. Hours
are spent pushing and shoving and hauling, in prob
ing into nooks and crannies after elusive bits of dust.
And finally, with the fresh, pungent odor of clean
corners and polished wood, one sits down amid the
familiar worn pieces thit in their altered positions
appear as jauntily seductive as new ones might be.
The old room has a magic strangeness, but there
is the feeling that a worth-whjle day has been spent
and one’s heart is at peace wfth life.
Cleaning and crying are the two feminine safety
valves. To rid our belongings of dirt with pure, clear
water and our heart of worries and small hatreds by
freshets of tears—these are blessings whose worth
is not to be estimated.
And they explain why women always manage to
bob up with resiliency after and saster. To be able to
make dirty things clean—is there any satisfaction like
unto that?
NEW YORK, Nov. 30—Cancel
lation of the Anglo-Persian
oil company’s lease intrigues me.
It is typical of the age in which
we live —an age of miracles
wrought by discovery and inven
tion, of gigantic. enterprises born
overnight, of politics subordi
nated to commercial interests, of a
wild scramble ror control of com
modities that virtually were un
known to previous generations.
m
When a man named D’Arcy of
fered the Persian government
$20,000 for an oil concession
thirty-one years ago, it was ac
cepted as a gift from heaven, or
a lunatic.
The boys at Teheran were only
too glad to grant Mr. D’Arcy the
privilege of drilling all the wells
he desired! The chances are that
they never had seen an auto, while,
like the rest of us, they were ’
sure that men never would fly.
IT is in Sing Sing prison, grim,
gray, forbidding, and Warden
Lewis is trying, by means of in
terviews with some of his pris
oners, to find out some of the
causes of crime. There is no
single cause for crime, as he well
knows, but he is talking things
over in a friendly fashion with
the men.
The next to be questioned is
called “Shorty,” for short, a boy
17 years old, serving a sentence of
from fifteen to thirty years for
robbery. “You’re asking me,
warden?” said Shorty, doubtfully:
and when told by the warden that
he was in earnest, and that noth
ing he said would be used against
him, Shorty said, after a long
pause:
“O. K„ then. I’ll tell you. Before
I was nabbed for this job, my
gang and me pulled off about
fifty others, and .fio one ever was
caught. Some of us worked and
some didn’t. As kids we used to
climb over the iron fence of the
school yard after school hours,
and play ball or something.
“That’s how we go acquainted.
But one day we were chased out.
We had to find another place to
meet. There was only one play
ground in the neighborhood and
that always was crowded, so we
had to wait our turn to get into
the game.
.'yW?*
MRS. FERGUSON
This is the first of a series of six
articles by Dr. Fishbein on the pre
vention and treatment of diphtheria.
NO one who has seen a child
suffering in the advanced
stages of diphtheria and who
then has seen the marvelous ef
fects of a suitable dose of anti
toxin given early the disease
can fail to appreciate what a tre
mendous blessing this discovery
has been for mankind.
In a recent novel called “The
Marriage of Simon Harper,” by
Neil Bell, appears an account of
a diphtheria epidemic in a small
town in England in the period
just preceding the discovery of
diphtheria antitoxin.
The author depicts graphically
the child who is infected severely
by this disease.
The condition begins with a
sore throat and with repeated at
tempts to expel the membrane
that forms in the throat, by spit
ting.
If the disease continues, there
are severe paralyses pre
vent swallowing and which injure
the heaft.
There comes that period when
. i.
THE INDIANAPOLISTIMES
M. E: Tracy Says:
The Persians
had been aware
of oil for cen
turies, but not as'
we know ii>, or
as they know it
today. It was
with bitumen
from the springs
of Hit that Ne
buchadnezzar ce
mented the bricks
of his palace,
but that gave lit
tle hint of the
Combustion en
gine and electric
driven ship.
TRACY
*
Every Day Religion
BY DR. JOSEPH FORT NEWTON
• DAILY HEALTH SERVICE
Diphtheria Antitoxin Is Blessing
- BY. DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN ' . -
The Last Line of Defense
Lucky for Britain
T)UT $20,000 was $20,000. espe
daily when proffered in Brit
ish coin, and if a man was fool
enough to throw it away for the
right of punching holes in the
ground, why should they worry?
They should not worry, and
they did not worry, but signed on
the dotted line, with four-fifths
of Persia covered Sox sixty years
on a royalty basis;
Things rocked along for a while,
much as they usually do in such
cases. Mr. D’Arcy explored and
peddled, finally turning his con
cession over to the Anglo-Persian
company.
This company overreached it
self and got into difficulties. It
might have failed but for Eng
land’s need df oil. Incidentally,
that need explains a lot of things
that have happened during the
last thirty years.
Persia, you understand, is on
the direct trade route from Eng
land to India, whether by land
or sea, which makes it doubly de
sirable-as an English oil base.
When the Anglo-Persian company
ran short of cash it was only
natural that the English govern
ment should come to its rescue. ,
That was in 1913, just before
the war broke out, and within
four years the English government
found itself in the position of
controlling stockholder.
“ A FTER a while we got tired of
T\. waiting and we decided to
stir up some fun on the street.
There the cops chased us and we
found places to hide. We’d have
meetings and make believe we
were hiding from brass buttons,
and so we’d make up lots. We’d
rob that person, or maybe kill an
other.
“All imaginary, of course. But
we got a kick out of it. Well, one
day someone dared us to do a real
job. We done it and got away all
right. After that it was easy.
What did we do with the money?
Well, there were craps games, and
the poolroom back of the speak
easy.
“It was all fun while it lasted,”
said Shorty, ruefully. Then he
added, after a little hesitation,
“But it didn’t last very long. They
pinched us and we got soaked.’’
He makes some of the rest of us
think hard and fast, wondering
why a school yard should have an
iron fence, and why there were no
more playgrounds to be had.
It is not enough to shut up pool
rooms and speakeasies; we must
open playgrounds, and give our
boys a helpful hand. To break up
a gang on one street corner means
only that it will form again on
another corner, or in a back alley.
(CoDvrieht, 1932. United Feature Svndicatei
Editor Journal of the American Medical
Association and of Hygeia, the
Health Magazine
breathing becomes impossible,
and finally there is death.
a tt o
IN an earlier day, when diph
theria took a ghastly toll, the
physician frequently would be
called in the middle of the night
to the bedside of a gasping child.
Then he would either suck the
membrane from the throat by
mouth - to - mouth suction or
through a tube if one was avail
able.
In severe cases he sometimes
opened the windpipe surgically, to
permit the child to breathe
through the throat beneath the
membrane.
Then came the great discovery
by the German, Von Behring, and
by Roux, a pupil of Pasteur, that
an antitoxin could be prepared
which would overcome the poi
sons of this disease.
Since tha't time, preparations
have been developed called toxin
antitoxin and toxoid, which can be
injected into children early in
life and which will give them ta
rts
PERSIAN OIL LEASE CLASH IS
OF WORLD-WIDE IMPORTANCE
Jar for England
TJUSINESS grew rapidly in .the
Persian oil fields. Refineries
were built on the Tigris, and by
1928, production had been brought
to 45.000,000 barrels a year, with
the Persian government getting
more than $6,000,000 in royalties.
Though such an amount was
far in excess of what anybody had
believed possible when the con
cession was granted, the Persians
began to doubt whether it was
equitable, or adequate. They might
have been persuaded that it was
equitable, but the slump of 1930.
which reduced it by more than
85 per cent, convinced them that
it was not adequate.
After protracted haggling, they
have abrogated the lease. If they
mean business, this act may be
regarded as of the gravest impor
tance. If it is just one more ma
neuver. in the haggling game, it
means nothing.
England will not give up the ad
vantage and security which the
Persian concession involves with
out a fight.
a a a
Move Far Reaching
A N honestly independent Per-
T*- sia would cause England lit
tle alarm, but a Persia dominated,
or influenced, by some other gov
ernment, would be a source of con
stant anxiety.
It is reasonable to suppose that
Persia has genuine aspirations to
assert herself, but whether this
latest move was entirely on her
own motion is not certain.
And what is our interest? The
same aMt is in Manchuria, or as
it was at Sarajevo.
People’s Voice
Editor Times —
I AM a Times reader, every day.
I want to say that, the Commun
ity Fund picture Nov. 17 certainly
was a good one.
There was a lot of truth in it. I
think that every one who has a job
should help the kind of people pic
tured, for lots of mothers and chil
dren have no more than bread to
eat. You see this mother starving
herself to feed her children. I
think that every man or ■ woman
who has a job should help in some
way to feed and clothe such people.
I am going to keep the picture.
It surely gives a thought to any
man or woman who has a heart at
all.
Thanking The Times for giving
people this column.
A READER.
Daily Thought
For they that are after the
flesh, do mind the things of the
flesh; but they that are after the
spirit, the things of the spirit.—
Romans 8:5.
Without a rich heart, wealth is
an ugly beggar.—Emerson.
munity, or protection, against be
ing infected with diphtheria.
In 1883, shortly after Pastern
had announced ) his discovery of
the germ causation of disease,
Klebs and Loffler isolated the
germs that cause diphtheria.
These germs are known as diph
theria bacilli. They hre found in
the membrane which appears in
the throat of a person infected
with diphtheria. •
To determine whether infec
tion is present, the physician
takes a smear from the throat
and sends it to the health de
partment, which then studies the
germs to see if they are the germs
of diphtheria.
By taking a smear, one means
merely the introduction into the
throat of some soft cotton on the
end of a stick, which collects a
small portion of the infected ma
terial
This is deposited on a prepara
tion which permits the germs to
remain alive until they can be
studied.
Next—llow diphtheria is spread.
. i. it
It Seems to Me:
BY HEYWOOD BROUN
WHAT has become of flaming youth and the
younger generation and “it” and the baby
vampire and all the rest of that crew? They
have gone. I think, to join the snows of yester
year.
Every now and then some clergyman thun
ders against jazz-mad youth and ail that sort of
business, and during the last campaign It was
considered expedient oy many to talk of the high
school hip flask. But my own personal research
convinces me that these moralists are barking up
the trunk of a dead tree. Indeed, it is little more than a stump. The
age of F. Scott Fitzgerald has shed its leaves and gone to limbo.
I seem to hear the tramping of the new Victorians. Tennyson
is just around the corner, and Ruskins lurk in every wood.
ana
A Few Changes in Language
'T'O be sure, this renaissance of an older point of view will not bring
X with it all the primness of speech known in the days of the little
Queen. But the youngsters of today are thoroughly imbued with the
spirit that life is real and much more than tolerably earnest.
Nor would I be inclined to josh these reforming roundheads who
are now growing up to sit in the seats of the-mighty. The war brought
with it a spirit of surrender to threatening circumstance. The fact that
’ tomorrow we die” was an actuality to millions imbued even those far
• Ideals and opinions j
I expressed in this
j column are those of
; one of America's
I most Interesting
j writers and are
! presented without
j regard to their
| agreement with the
I editorial attitude of
! this pa p e r.—The |
I Editor.
+ 1
fined to whoop it up during the war era and
several years beyond still were on kiddie cars while I was ripening a
little slowly into maturity.
But even my own day of adolescence was reckless compared to
undergraduate temper of today. We did not sit very much to talk of
politics, the gold standard, or unemployment. Football loomed much
larger than any theory of government or economics. And the lands
across the sea were as distant as the meadows of the moon.
We had a Socialist club, but it wa# of meager membership and
existed, as far as I can remember, for no particular purpose except to
stage a tepid beer night once a £ear.
a a a
When We Were Very Young
WE gave our souls to concern and exaltation only when somebody
stood up in the Union the night before the Yale game and an
nounced that every member of the team would do or die and that the
cheering section should dedicate itself to the same renunciation on the
afternoon of the great ordea'l.
Red fire burned and cheers rang out, and we swapped atrocity
stories about the Elis.
I'm told that life in Cambridge went on pretty much the same this
year, even after Army won by 46 to 0 and Yale piled up the stagger
ing total of 10. If such disasters had occurred in my day, even the
seniors would have been jumping out of windows.
I suppose it is in the undergraduate attitude to college football
that the new generation first tipped its hand and gave the hint of the
revolutionary change occurring among the young people. Alumni at
many institutions are aghast, shocked and flabbergasted to their toes
by the fact that precious few are ready any more to die for dear old
Rutgers.
The men on the field play as fiercely as ever, but no longer do the
cheering sections burn as the eleven fiddles up and down the field.
n tt n
It Has Grown Old Fashioned
AT many of the larger colleges, the pep talk and the big mass meet
ing have been abolished. The average student of today would
laugh his head off at some of the inspirational athletic talks which we
took with good grace and solemnity.
The old joke about the college man who expected to take his sheep
skin and forthwith go out and tell the world where it got off was
always a bit of an exaggeration. Most of us broke through the shell a
little timidly, but almost every one had confidence that he would step
into some job or other with a living wage or rather more than that.
But now our colleges and Universities are filled with men and J
women who know that after graduation they can get jobs only by <
some rather exceptional break of luck. And, fortunately, we are train-/
ing an army which will not sit patiently in idleness. They will want,
to know why. In fact, they are asking it already. And they are thft
ones who will answer the question as well as ask it. And so I thirvk
their generation is wise not to grin too broadly. After all, the task
which they must shoulder is not a laughing matter.
(Copyright, 1932, by The Times)
Prize Goes to ‘Disciple’
THE first American scientist to
win the Nobel prize in physics
was the late Dr. Albert A. Michel
son. The second to receive it was
Dr. Robert A. Millikan, now chair
man of the executive committee
of the California Institute of
Technology and the director of
the Norman Bridge laboratory of
that institution.
Millikan received the prize
chiefly for researches which he
had carried on in Michelson s
laboratory at the University of
Chicago.
He once said. “I personally owe
everything to the fact that thirty
two years ago Michelson took me
into his nest at the University of
Chicago.”
On the same occasion, Millikan
said, “I believe that the United
States has not had in this genera- *
tion a greater economic asset than
Albert A. Michelson.”
It is interesting to compare
Michelson with his famous disci
ple, Millikan. It would occur nat
urally to Millikan to emphasize in
public the economic value of
Michelson to the nation.
Although Michelson fully real
ized the economic value of his
star disciple, it is doubtful if he
would have ever spoke about it.
a a a
Two Centuries
MILLIKAN is essentially a
twentieth century product.
Michelson. although he led twen
tieth century science, was essen
tially a nineteenth century per
sonality. Milikan is at home up
on the public platform. He under
stands the need of the scientist
to take a leading role in social
and economic developments of the
future.
Miche'son, for whom science was
so much fun and joy in the lab
oratory, hid in public behind an
old-fashioned scientific dignity.
My own guess is that he never
really enjoyed appearing in pub
lic.
It has been my good fortune to
hear Dr. Millikan deliver a num
ber of lectures and to be with
him on many occasions. He looks
the very personification of twen
tieth century efficiency.
The smooth order of his steel- j
gray hair, the quick glint of his !
steel-gray eyes, the squareness of I
his shoulders, the decisiveness of
his voice, and the robust spring
of his stride, all radiate efficiency.
You would not be surprised to
find him at the head of a bank
or a great industrial plant. You
naturally would associate him I
with directors’ meetings and con- j
ferences.
Milikan has shown his organiz
ing genius at the California In
stitute of Technology. When I
visited his laboratory a few years
ago, I had the impression of be
ing in a great factory during boom
times. There was the hum of in
from the firing line with a willingness to shoot
the works upon the slightest provocation.
Here and there wc still find the individual
who looks about upon the world and. finding
it not so good, hies to an ivory tower. But very
much more prevalent is an inquiring turn of
mind and a disposition to say, "Something must
be done.” In particular, I find the youths and
the young women of the colleges very sober in
their turn of mind. ,
I went to school myself some little time
after the authentic Victorian age, but I lived
in its sunset rather than in the sunrise of the
‘‘younger generation.” The lads and lassies des-
dustry about the building.
A great scientist himself, he
has surrounded himself with great
scientists at the institute. He
has made it one of the world’s
chief centers for research into the
domain of atomic physics.
ana
Electron Experiment
THE Nobel prize was awarded
to Dr. Millikan in 1923. He
received it chiefly because he had
been the first to isolate the elec
tron and to measure its electric
charge. His experiments really
demonstrated the existence of the
electron.
According to modern physical
theory, the electron is the small
est unit of matter. Matter is
made of molecules composed in
their turn of atoms. Atoms are
composed of electrons.
Since an electric current is a
stream of negative electrons in
motion, the electron is also the
unit of electrcity. It is for this
reason that the modern theory of
the structure of matter sometimes
is called the “electrical theory of
matter.”
In the literature of physics, Mil
likan’s famous experiment is
known as the oil-drop experiment.
In it, a drop of oil was permitted
to float between two metal plates
which were charged electrically.
The rate at which the drop fell
could be regulated by the poten
tial of the plates. Wlien one or
more electrons settled on the drop,
the result was to change the rate
at which the drop moved. From
this, he calculated the electric
charge of the electron.
The important thing was that
the rate cb&nged only by amounts
equivalent to one, two or more
electrons. The changes were by
definite steps, thus proving that the
electrons were distinct units.
In 1925, Dr. Millikan confirmed
the existence of the cosmic rays.
Next: Dr. Arthur H. Compton,
third American winner of the No
bel prize in physics.
Questions and -
Answers
How long does ’it take to travel
from New York to Moscow?
From fourteen to sixteen days by
water and rail, and about seven days
by water and plane.
Give the date of the Boston Tea
Party?
Dec. 10, 1771.
What salary does the Governor
of New York receive?
$25,000.
State the difference in the duties
of an ambassador and a minister
plenipotentiary?
There is no difference.
*
.NOV. 30, 1932
m 9k.
...
BROITN

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