Newspaper Page Text
The Indianapolis Times (A SCRtPPS-HOWARD NEWSPAPER) ROT W. HOWARD Prwldeilt I.OYD GURLEY Editor EARL D. BAKER BuiloMi Manager Phone—RHey 5551 Member of United Pre. Serlppx- Howxrd Newspaper Alliance, News paper Enterprise Association. News paper Information Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations. Owned and published daily (except Sunday) by The Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos., 214 220 West Mary land street, Indiarfhpolis. Ind. Price in Marion county. 2 cents a copy: elsewhere. 2 cents-delivered by car rier. 12 cents a week. Mail subscrip tion rates in Indiana. *3 a year; outside of Indiana, 65 cent* a month. tft I t - GO r Light n*i<f the Pepl Witt rind Their Own Way SATURDAY. DEC. 17. I*B2 • THE BEER TAX BILL The house ways and means- committee is to be congratulated on its sane, quick action in drafting and reporting a measure to legalize and tax beer of 3.2 per cent (by weight) 'alcoholic content. The house will take it up in a few days with full debate, and its passage appears certain. Probably the senate also will fcass it and send it to President Hoover for signature or veto. The bill, sponsored by Chairman James W. Col lier of the committee, a former dry, has been drafted with the primary aim of raising revenue to meet part of the deficit. Wisely the committee incorporated the 3.2 per cent alcoholic content limit as the point at which the most tax will be raised. Experts, in the brewing business arid out, cer tified that within this limit a palatable beer which the American public Will buy can be produced. The tax yield from the rate of $5 a barrel of 31 gallons is problematical, but experienced brew ers certified that, on this basis, a 5 cent glass, and a bottle selling for 10 cents or less, can be pro duced and sold. It may be possible for the industry to pay even larger tax without boosting prices—even as the to bacco industry now sells at 10 and 15 cents pack ages of cigarets which pay a 6-cent internal reve nue tax. The rate of tax can be thrashed out in the de bate on the floor, with an eve on $300,000,000 of the federal deficit which should be met by the beer tax. A PEACE STEP While Americans have been thinking about debt defaults and other matters closer home, there have been important developments at Geneva in the fight to save the world peace machinery from de struction. After initial evasion by the league, its committee of nineteen has gone much farther than expected in preparations to hold Japan responsible for the' Manchuria conquest and to establish a treaty regime in that war zone. , Under the resolution just passed, the committee of conciliation has decided to base its work gen erally on the facts set forth in the Lytton report, and to ban diplomatic recognition of Japan's puppet government of Manchukuo. • This is an initial victory for the American policy. Significantly, the committee has voted that the United States and Russia be invited to join it in seeking a solution of the Manchurian dispute. Next to China and Japan, the interests of Russia and the United States in the far Pacific are greatest. Lack of peace co-operation among the league, Russia and the United States has encouraged Jap anese aggression for a year. A united peace front now is imperative. Officials of the committee are reported sounding out the state department before extending the for mal invitation. American acceptance of member ship in the enlarged international committee of twenty-one to preserve the (American) Pacific treaty and the (American) Kellogg pact should be definite and quick. Delay would be interpreted by Japan as a re treat from the American treaty policy. EINSTEIN’S "RADICALISM As the gentle genius, whom patrioteering ladies tried to keep out of this country, lands oh our shores, let us have a look at the “subversive” ideas he harbors. “My political ideal is democracy,” writes Dr. Einstein. “I am convinced that degeneracy follows every autocratic system of violence, for violence inevitably attracts moral Inferiors. Time has proved that il lustrious tyrants are succeeded by scoundrels. “For this reason I always have been passionately opposed to such regimes as exist in Russia and Italy today . . . “I believe that thcee in the United States have hit upon the right idea. A President is chosen for a reasonable length of time, and enough power is given him to acquit himself properly of his re sponsibilities. • . v . In the German government, on the other hand, I like the state's more extensive care of the indi vidual when he is ill or unemployed. What is truly valuable in our bustle of life is not the nation, I should say, but the creative and impressionable in dividuality, the personality. “War is low and despicable, and I would rather b smitten to shreds than participate in such doings , ~ “The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterioys. “It is the source of all true art and science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who no longer can pause to wonder and stand wrapt in awe, is as good as dead . * .** ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS War debts, Manchurian. Questions, dissjrmament, recognition of Russia, and the like are forcing our country to take part in international discussion and negotiations to a degree not exceeded since the close of the World war. Friends of tl\e League of Nations have stressed this as another proof that the United States should be in the league and able to make use of its organs and its avenues of action. . Whatever the weight of this argument, a pleb iscite recently held in New England throws some interesting oil the state of American opinion relative to American participation. It usually has been held that the entry of the United States into the league would be immensely unpopular in this country. , . The avalanche that overwhelmed Cox in the election of 1920, when he sponsored Wilsons policy, still is remembered vividly. Even such veteran '•leaguers’* as Governor Roosevelt and Newton D. Baker handled the league problem last summer deli cately and well protected by political gloves. At the recent election, however, the following question was submitted to all voters in one Norfolk and three Middlesex representative districts in easterq Massachusetts: "Shall the representatives in the general court from the ... district be instructed to vote to request the President and the United States senate to enter into full co-operation and membership in the League' of Nations, with the explanatory reservation that the United States shall not engage In any war with any nation, except by vote of congress, as provided in the United States Constitution, and such other reservations as they deem wise?" The vote was decidedly in favor of our entry in the eleven towns which voted on this question. The vote in Needham, Wellesley and Dedham was 8,87* to 3,783 in favor of joining; in Belmont 4,965 to 2,629; in Concord 1,139 to 637; In Waltham 5,750 to 3,389, in Watertown 5,401 to 3,477; in Weston 710 to 428, and so on through the list. This plebiscite is, of course, no advance test of American opinion as a whole, but it was certainly held in an area more than averagely unfavorable to international sentiment. It is the center of Amer ican patriotic tradition—the area over which Paul Revere traveled and where the shot was fired that was heard around the world. It was in these environs, moreover, that .Henry •Cabot Lodge thundered against the league. .In any event, the episode indicates the desirability of fur ther samplings of American opinion on this impor tant matter. “CHEAP AMERICAN LABOR” We are accustomed to hearing tariff advocates demand that American workingmen be protected against competition with the ‘‘pauper labor” of Europe. It isn tso usual to find the shoe being put on the other foot; and Lady Astor’s recent speech , before the National Consumers’ League of New York, therefore, comes as a rather unpleasant surprise. Lady Astoi declared bluntly that ‘‘cheap Amer ican labor” is hampering English efforts to get a forty-eight-hour-week law through parliament. She asserted that child labor in the American textile industry produces so cheaply “that respect able textile unionsts in Manchester can not meet the mark and are being ruined by American labor.” Here is a little unpalatable food for thought; but, even though it is unpalatable, it might not hurt us to digest it, anyway. WHY THE FARMER WAILS One reason why the farmer is not enjoying eco nomic good health is touched upon in a statement recently made by Horace Bowker, president of the American Agricultural Chemical Company, who pointed out that taxes on farm property nowadays absorb nearly 12 per cent of the gross farm income of the nation as compared with about 4 per cent before the war. * That item in itself is enoqgh to explain a very sizable part of the agricultural depression. And yet, when you stop to think about it, that is only the beginning. The farmer pays out three times as much in taxes now as he did two decades ago; but, to make matters worse, he has to do it with farm products that are worth only about half as much. This combination—a steady decrease % in com modity prices and* a constant increase in fixed charges—makes it very easy to see why the farmer is desperately in earnest in his demands for relief. If the average man devoted as little thought to his business as he does to matrimony, says former Judge Ben Lindsey, he’d speedily go bankrupt. Had any one noticed any undue delay? * They frown on ball players playing the ponies, but it s all right at this time of year for managers to plank down $25,000 ofr so for a promising bush league rookie^ >- Some prefer a good name to great riches while others get their biggest kick' out of a low auto license number for 1933. t* One way for a man to convince his wife that he keeps no secrets from her is to let her know that the Kansas supreme court ruled the other day that the “back-seat driver” not only has the right, but the duty to interfere in motoring. t Our government should subsidize the theater, says Yeats, the Irish playwright. Then, maybe, troops could be used against those folks who have a habit of interrupting the first act. Men will walk out to sea to fight in the next war, says J. E. Williamson, the underseas explorer. Pic ture diving-suit doughboys chucking mermaids under the chin and going A. W. O. L. off the Grand Banks. Just Plain Sense ===== BY MRS. WALTER FERGUSON - ■\T7ILL the scarcity of jobs teach parents wisdom? ’ ’ During the last decade we have cheered the children to sprint through high school. Satisfying, T imagine, some deep personal ambition of our own, we have watched Junior being graduated at 16 and launched him into college at an unpropitious mo ment. Now anthropologists warn us that this is a tragic mistake. To force the mentality of a child is as bad, if not worse, as to force it to physical over exertion. Though you may succeed in cramming his head with book facts, no youngster is able to hold his own with maturity. And the 16-year-old, I care not how brilliant he may be, lacks judgment and is not capable of understanding the worth or the mean ing of education. It is unfortunate for the individual and for so ciety that the high school graduate can not remain out of college for a year or even two. Or at least until he has some vague idea of the sort of course he most desires and-needs. It wouldn’t harm the children to stay quietly at home for twelve months, if possible. Thus by leisure they might learn something of the wonder and the significance of living. And this would be the best possible prelude for college. # * K A 8 It is. thousands 6f educational pearls are cast before unappreciative adolescents. Long after ward, when years have ripened their intellect, they look back regretfully at the opportunities they passed so blithely. Girls especially should be spared the forcing sys tem. To place any 16-year-old in a group composed of 18 and 18-year-olds is to put her in a bad psychological situation. She can have no friendly contacts. For whatever educators may say, there is a deep gulf fixed between the 16 and the 18-year old girl. ' Whence comes this passionate desire to send our children to the wolves of the world while they are sc young? Have we forgotten that childhood and adolescence are brief periods in a long, hard succes sion of the years? How much wiser we would prove ourselves if we kept them at home longer and tried to educate them for living, instead of pushing them post haste into ,college. a THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES Believe It or Not RerUtered IT. S. Patent Office By Ripley (On request, sent with stamped addressed envelope, Mr. Ripley will furnish proof of anything depicted by him) VJORDE, lr* fl, ~ of I. 1 ' ‘ J 1078 COUPLER- yOURMoTteu ~7 Mp | nSi I Iff IS EXACTIV TWICE FIRST SOU Jf'|\ | |mJPjgip I. JL ', c MORTEN ' ' * ? *** f ~ OOLVSBERG who lived ewrw in M \T- Ctffoa* 1952. King Fnmm Syndicate, .lm, Grew Bncait nefct* ...... . ... Gravestone, in ann arbor/iic*,. 7l(£y all ejtmer live or have lived on the OLI oi fer FAmily") STThomas CEMCTEiry SAME FARM in-WES. HEDEWRKEW, NORWAY MI? 'TVo r>\r Qgtfc • THE foundation of; business • ■ L/ * 1 Odyo. CAN’T BE MEASURED IN CASH NEW YORK, Dec. 17.—The best sign of recovery is anew attitude of mind toward depres sion *and the problems it involves. People no longer are waiting for miracles. The idea that we all have to ' buckle down and help slowly is gaining ground. Business, as we call it, is not an outside, impersonal force which blesses or spanks us ac cording to some caprice of in scrutable fate. Business is something that we have created and that we must maintain. We think too much about busi ness from the investment stand point, from what we get out of it in dollars and cents. That is necessary on the pro duction side, but it falls far short of explaining why we have busi ness. In the end. our enterprises and activities hark back to what Views of Times Readers Editor Times — • ■ T SUPPOSE the street car com pany, now known as the Indi anapolis Railway company, thinks it has done a big thing for our city by buying all those new street cars and motor busses. If it really wanted to do something for our people, it would cut the fare to five cents, six fares for a quarter. Then it really would be doing something for the people’s benefit and would have twice as ifiany riding their cars and busses. I, myself, drive my car because, with the present fare, it is cheaper to drive, but if the fare was re duced to five cents, I would ride the cars and busses and profit. A READER OF THE TIMES. u Editor Times — THE people, the country over, are howling for repeal ' of the eighteenth amendment. They pre tend to thihk this will bring back “good times” to our country. , The eighteenth amendment prob ably was passed prematurely. But, if the people who voted for it in the first place would have stood up and fought for it, it would have been a success. • These voters put citizens in the public offices who were unreliable. With unreliable officers, no law can be enforced. I think if our coun try can not enforce a law that the people know is right and just, we might as well pull down our flag and quit. The people are saying that dt costs too much to enforce that law. If we had reliable officers, why would it cost much more to enforce one more law. Os course, if a man is caught for making, selling or hauling liquor and is not punished properly, why should he be afraid to do it again? Again we say that our govern ment needs the money that could be collected in revenue on liquor. The government could make great sums of money by selling narcotics. Why not do that? Why shouldn't —'" DAILY HEALTH SERVICE ■ .. Jokers Spread Cowhage Itch BY. DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN POPULAR superstition as well as medical attention have provided a considerable number of anecdotes relative to the sprink ling of cowhage by practical jok ers, with resultant extraordinary manifestations on the part of those who have been subjected to the action of this plant. Cowhage “itch” is not a com mon condition in the United States and its “spread” is attrib uted to jokers with a warped sense of humor. It is due to a plant that' be longs to the bean family, a trop ical plant with a climbing vine. This vine develops a pod from three to six inches long and about one inch wide, which contains six to edght seeds. The pod is covered with innu- people need and want by way of improved living conditions. nun Can't Measure in Cash IN the end, about every kind of product and service reaches a p*int where it pays no divi dends, save in the satisfaction which people find in it. Take a pair of shoes, for in stance, ahd the person who wears them gets no interest on his or her money. We believe that shoes are worth while. But, in the end, they earn no dividends, except as they add to our health and com fort. The foundation of business can not be measured in terms of money. It goes without saying that the manufacturer of bathtubs must make a profit not only to meet pay rolls, but to attract the needed capital. Those who actually use people be allowed to use powerful drugs” We would raise an awful row if something like that was proposed. We should raise just as big a row to keep the eighteenth amendment from being repealed. If we, who claim to be Christians, do not do all within our power to prevent the repeal of this noble law, I feel that we will be held ac countable for it at the judgment. If the |ighteenth amendment is repealed, it not only will be a back ward step, but a downward step, for our country. Are we, as citizens of the United States, willing to see our county going toward destruction? If not, do all within your power to prevent It. a. E. S. Every Day Religion ====== BY DR. JOSEPH FORT NEWTON - 'T'O practice the Golden Rule asks for love and wisdom, but also for the imagination to put ourselves in the place of another, to . sit where he sits and see things from his angle. \ To the promptings of love we must add “the moral obligation to be intelligent,” also we run a risk of injuring our fellow-man by helping make him greedy, self ish, exacting and as flabby as a jellyfish, if not a miserable para site. . A case in point is the story of the life of Samuel Butler, the •famous author of “The Way of -All Flesh,” of his dealings with his friend Pauli. He met his friend in New Zealand, and, as Pauli was in bad health and poor, Butler paid his way to England, and agreed to give him a thou sand dollars a year for three years, while he studied law. Butler fulfilled his promise not only for three years, but for thirty-three years, often when he himself was poor. Editor Journal of the American Medi cal Association and of HTfeia, the Health Magazine. merable fine reddish hairs , which can come off and be blown by the wind on to the skin of human beings. -# m a 'T'HESE hairs apparently are very irritating to the skin and produce on contact an In tolerable itching. Apparently there is within each hair a series of cells containing an oily sub stance. On the outside of the hair are little hooks. The little hooks at tach the hair to the skin and the oily substance is exceedingly irri tating. Dr. R. B. Moreland described them, however, must look for re turns in another way. The real profit consists in prog ress as determined by improved health, greater comfort and in creased ability to enjoy life. u n * Consumption Is Basis W'E have talked a great deal about buying power during the last few years, but largely as though it were something which A few could confer on the many. People learned to make and de sire things before they built fac tories, or formed corporations. They must continue if they want more factories and more corpo rations. Consumption, as transformed and increased through a steady drive for improvement all along the line, is the basis of modern industry. When it can not be encouraged by higher wages, it must be en couraged with lower prices, When consumption falls off, there is obivious need for read justment. * tt Perspective Better SUCH a need was apparent from the beginning of this depres sion, but we stubbornly refused to' recognize it. Now we are beginning to re trench on the one hand, and put forth greater efforts 'on the other. Everywhere, one can feel the urge of a healthier perspective. Instead of waiting for help, we are beginning to help ourselves. Instead of crying for credit, we are trying to make better use of what we have. The old will to do and the old belief that it can be done are making their reappearance. That means that the crisis has been passed. IN secret, Pauli earned at times $4,000 a year, and died leaving an estate of $45,000, without re membering Butler in his will. The point is not the injury done to Butler, bad as that was, but the injury to the man who sinned against him —a sin eneburaged by an extraordinary kindness, until his soul must have been rotten within him. Butler, who did not profess to be a Chris tian, said very simply: “I felt pretty sure I was doing a great deal too much, but I had rather have done a great deal too much than a little too little. My conscience is absolutely clear of all offense toward him, save that of having made it so deplor ably easy to do things- which, if I had made them harder, he would have been less likely to do.” . Os course, such a case is as exceptional as it was outrageous, but it goes to show that we may do good in a stupid, easy-going way, and actually do more harm than good. Copyright, 19?2 United Feature Syndicate) the case of a man who sat down in his bare skin on a seat upon whidh a number of the hairs from the tropical plant concerned had been deposited. He entered the office of the physician running, disheveled and breathless, and complained of itching so intense that it was in tolerable. The physician immediately ap plied alkaline washes with some antiseptic and the itching stopped in about two hours. Apparently the hairs or cow hage powder had been placed where it would cause trouble by malicious "people who were trying to revenge themselves on the owner of the building in which the incident occurred. It .Seems to Me: ■ * BY HEYWOOD BROUN “T ONDON.—A member of the house of com i_ymons protested today against the use of tabasco, on the ground that the sauce is of American manufacture. The chairman of the kitchen committee promised to find a British substitute.” , The debt discussion nfcjv has reached the silly stage, and there will be other ridiculous incidents to come. Somebody in a French restaurant will start a riot because he sees chicken ala Maryland on the menu, and Will Rogers will suggest the elimination of Brussels sprouts here because Belgium has defaulted on the debt. In one generation we. shall see the transition from "brave little Belgium” to bitter cartoons on "the small busted nations.” I would like to see the humorous side of the vast commotion, which is going on and which will increase in volume until the nations of the world have the good sense to sit down and talk things over. n a Enough Blunders to Go Around \ • I HAVE made no secret of the fact that in my opinion America has blundered in its unwillingness to participate in a general debt and economic discussion. But it would be foolish to pretend that all the bad judgment has been cornered in this quarter of the globe. French deputies are practical politicians in the same sense as American congressmen. France has its Hiram Johnsons, its Hearsts, and its rope toscers, as well as America. When the chamber of deputies voted to default the nineteen million dollar debt payment due at this time, it acted in precisely the same way as an American congress under the same emotional strain. The voice of wisdom was not heeded in the chamber—not even the heroic voice of Herriot. The shouts of the crowds milling outside w'ere more potent in the ears of the politicians. It would have been wiser all around for France to have made the payment with the distinct reservation that nothing more would be paid unti. the whole subject had been opened up again for discussion. It is well to remember that nineteen million, while it raav sound like a large sum to the individual, is a pretty small white chip in the matter of international finance. I can net evpn find the consolation of being able to say. “It had to come sooner or la er: why not now?” a year from now would have been so much better. The last lame-auck congress marks a very tragic flaw in our governmental -structure. We have before us a vital problem in inter national relations, and there is no one with full authority to meet it. Obviously Mr Hoover is in no position to conduct anything more than the merest stop-gap sort of negotiations, and Governor Roosevelt made the great mistake of refusing any close co-operation until his induction into office. There is a knocking at the door, and the best that we can say is: "The boss isn't in. He won't be here until March.” * # tr They Didn't Know What They Wanted TTOWEVER, the r s is one grain of comfort. Even though the situa- AI tion has come about prematurely, we are faced with a condition and not a theory, it is a condition which should not surprise any man with an ounce of information about foreign affairs. The American public is both startled and angry, but I beg Amer icans not to vent el! their Wrath, on our European neighbors. Save a little for the liars at home who have been going up and down the land spreading a *tcry which is now shown up in all its falsity.. The voters were told by hundreds of congressmen that nothing was needed io collect the debt except a stern ana resolute attitude and the constant reiteration on the phrase "no cancellation.” Thousands of words were spilled on the justice and the necessity of making Europe pay every last penny. * But none of these orators naused for breath long enough to sug gest just what bent fit we would get out of the stern and unyielding attitude when Europe didn’t pay. nun No Time for Blinking "VT 0 sane man can blink the fact now that the French default is the i-N beginning of the end. it is as certain as taxes that the full scheme of payments never will be carried out. And that always was certain. By negotiation we might have saved something from the wreck By now even that is doubtful. The pay-to-thc-last-nickel boys have their default What are they going to do with it? It will yield, T should say, about 500 poupds of rancor and ill will to the ton. There will be by-products of boycotts, distrust, and suspi- Cl ° n ' . es : lt s a rich or ?> but all the things which can be smelted out of it already are vastly overproduced in the world. n ? ? 0t an “ conomi3t '> bu t 1 have a remedy to suggest. First of ail, lets stop making faces at 6ne another. Let's stop writing notes And then whv not sit down around a table, call for Gus the waiter and r ow? i ” Say ' Wcll, k° ys ’ we re all in on this together. What do we (Copyright. 1932. bv The Times) ~ SCIENCE Honor Merited by Hale BY DAVID DIETZ Announcement that the much-coveted Copley medal of the Royal Society of London has been awarded to Dr. George Ellery Hale will be received with satisfaction by all students of astronomy. For Dr. Hale, honor ary director of the Mt. Wilson observatory, is one of the great est figures in the world of as tronomy. Dr. Hale has performed a three fold service to the world of as tronomy. First of all, he has been an indefatigable research worker, making many discoveries of primary importance. Second, he has been a wise or ganizer and executive, making it possible for other astronomers to carry on their work under ideal conditions. Third, he has been an inventor and instrument designer, furnish ing new instruments of research which have been of service to as tronomers of the whole world. The Copley medal was awarded to Dr. Hale specifically for his work upon the magnetic field of the sun. Dr. Hale was the first to establish the fact that the sun spots are gigantic magnets. This piece of work gave the world of science anew under standing of the nature of sunspots and solar phenomena in general. It made the connection between sunspots and terrestial magnetic storms-'and the aurora borealis more understandable. /* * * At Mt. Wilson DR. HALE S great feat of or- I ganizing was formation of the Mt. Wilson observatory. His chief invention was the spectro heliograph. It was with the spectro heliograph at Mt. Wilson that Dr. Hale carried on his famous studies of the sun. The Carnegie Institution of Washington was founded by An drew Carnegie on Jan. 28. 1902. Dr. stale, then at the Yerkes ob servatory, was drafted to organize the Mt. Wilson observatory as one of the branches of the institution. Today, the observatory is one of the best known in the world and the owner of the world’s largest telescope. When Dr. Hale built the Mt. Wilson observatory, he introduced anew plan of action into observa tory procedure. Most observatories start with certain equipment. The sort of work which the observatory can do is limited as a result to the available equipment. Dr. Hale made a machine shop a part of the observatory’s equip ment. He realized that instrument design and research went hand in hand and wanted to make it pos sible for the observatory to build the instruments needed for the problems which it became desira ble to investigate. The spectroheliograph is a de vice which Wakes it possible to photograph the sun in a single -DEC. 17, 1932 S~ ' BROUR wave-length of light. Since each line in the spectrum is due to some specific chemical element in the sun, this made it possible to ob tain photographs which showed the distribution of any given ele ment in the sun's atmosphere. Thus it was possible to obtain photographs showing the distri bution of hydrogen, or helium or calcium, and so on. * n * Tower Telescopes TN the early days of the Mt. A Wilson observatory, Dr. Hale turned his attention to design of new apparatus for the study of the sun. He realized that the ordinary telescope is not adapted to study of the sun. s The big lens or mirror of a giant telescope is a light-gath erer. Now, hr the case of the sun, there is too much light to start with. It is impossible for the observer to look at the sun tjniess his eye is protected by dark screens which cut out most of the sun's light. What was needed was a tele scope of extremely long focal length, so that very iarge images of the sun could be obtained Accordingly, Dr. Hale designed his famous tower telescopes. The first was. seventy-five feet high This worked so successfully that a second, 150 feet high, was built. The tower telescope is a great steel tower, with a dome on top and a little house at the base. A long tube connects the dome with the house. A system of mirrors in the dome catches the image of the sun and sends it down the long tube to the little house, where it is brought to a focus. Beneath each little house is a deep well, witl\ spectographic equipment at its bottom. The well below the 150-foot tower is seventy-five feet deep. The tower telescope not only furnishes unusually clear photos of the sun, but when combined with the spectroscope or the spectroheliograph give astrono mers their most powerful instru ment for the study of the sun. It was with the tower telescopes that Dr. Hale discovered the mag netic nature of sunspots by prov ing that the spectrum lines of the sunspots were double, an ef fect which is the result of a pow erful magnetic field. Daily Thought . -Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and suppli cation with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God. —Philippians 4:6. ! SOLICITUDE “is *he audience chamber of God.—Landor.