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The Indianapolis Times (A SCRIPPS-HOWARD NEWSPAPER) KOT TTOW ADD ............ POYD GURLEY Editor EAHT. I), BAKER Buxlneit Manager Ph#ne —Riley 5551 Member of United Pro . Srrlppg floward Newspaper Alliance. News paper Enterprise Association, News paper Information Service and Audit B'.reau of Circulations. Owned find published daily (except Sunday) by The Indianapolis Times Publishing Cos., 214-220 West Mary land street. Indianapolis. Ind. Price In Marlon county. 2 cents a copy; elsewhere. 3 cents—delivered by car rier. 12 cents a week. Mail subscrip tion rates in Indiana. $.3 a year; outside of Indiana, 85 cents a month. #tft 9 3 HO** AAA Oile Light and th* Frople Will J-in# Their Oicn Way _ TUESDAY. JAN. 3. 1933. CURBING JUSTICES If the legislature, which meets this week, finds time after it redeems its pledges to the people, it might take up the job of curbing the activities of Justices of the peace, especially in Indianapolis and larger cities where they have outlived their use fulness. Unfortunately the Constitution does not permit the abolition of these offices, which have, in very many cases, become the citadels of injustice. Most of the trouble which has come from evic tions can be traced to the high-handed tactics of constables v.ho carry writs from justice courts. It has been demonstrated that very often the power of some of these justices has been farmed out to private concerns, which use the trappings of office to threaten and bulldoze the timid and the needy. As far as Indianapolis is concerned, there is no place for these courts which exist upon fees and because of that fact, make justice a matter of money rather than of facts. The city has its municipal courts to care for its civil and criminal cases. These are the courts to which the more reputable of attorneys take their cases, when litigation Is necessary. The justice courts, maintained on a fee system, become the catchall of cases which the less reput able lawyers, the shysters and shylocks, the shady and the unethical, take their matters. The consolidation of all the townships would get rid of some of these courts, which in these depressed days, become even more inimical to the sense of common decency. After that, the legislature might devise new limitations upon their power and new safeguards for the people. OR DICTATORSHIP * As we start the new' year, we are warned once more that we must reorganize our economic and political life if America is to escape the danger of dictatorial systems of one sort or other. This time the warning comes from President Hoover's research committee on social trends, composed of eminent scientists, whom no one can accuse of being alarm ists or sensationalists. The committee reports, after scrutinizing the whole sweep of modern life, that social invention has failed to keep pace with mechanical invention. So we find ourselves bewildered by starvation in the midst of too much food, dazzling skyscrapers next to revolting slums, the ability to send our voices around the world in a few r seconds, but no clear idea as to our place in world affairs and our relation ■with other peoples. In this situation, we can drift ns we have been drifting, trusting blindly to the future and running the risk that “violence may subordinate technical intelligence in social guidance." Or we can. as the committee suggests, determine “to undertake important integral changes in the reorganization of social life, including the economic and political orders." The •committee warns that “nothing short of the combined intelligence of the nation can cope with the predicaments here mentioned." Woven together are such diverse problems as use of our natural re sources and crime, the position of agriculture and birth control and immigration, mechanical inven tions and the position of the church, extension of government duties and powers and mental hygiene, foreign relations and the changed status of women, public and private medicine and the use of leisure time. The research committee has charted trends; it has not solved problems or proposed a future course. But it does warn of dangers and suggests goals. Its report is one of the most challenging documents presented to the American people in years. It is challenging particularly to the new administration, which must take the lead If positive steps toward working out our salvation are lo replace our policy of drift. The task will not be accomplished over night. The committee thinks it may be necessary to con ceive new types of politico-economic organization not yet thought of. to evolve a way of living adapted to “the special needs, opportunities, limitations, and genius of the American people." But unless a start is made consciously, the end never can be reached. THE STRAIN OF COLLEGE College students popularly are supposed to be care-free youngsters who spend far more time hav ing fun than studying; but Dr. Lee H. Ferguson, director of the student health service of Western Reserve university, tells ths American Student Health Association that college students in general are studying too hard and working too hard for the good of their health. College curricula, for one thing, often are too heavy for the students to carry without undue strain, says Dr. Ferguson. For another, youngsters who are working their way through college carry a dou ble burden, which in many cases is making them easy victims for tuberculosis. To be sure. Dr. Ferguson reports that some col legians also are playing too hard; but in the main the picture he offers is that of a set of young folks desperately in earnest, sacrificing their health to get the education they desire. A PLANNED SOCIETY One of the most hopeful signs that could herald the new year would be a strong movement among employers to substitute a planned industrial order for the present anarchic one. A few intelligent capitalists are ready to relin quish their ‘‘nigged individualism.” One of these is Gerard Swope, president of the General Electric Company, who repeated his plea for a planned order at a last weeks meeting of American scientists at Atlantic City. -We must decide," he said, “in what volume and what kind of products we want industry to supply and how to have Industry organized to be of sen-ice." In almost the same words, the executive council of the American Federation of Labor said at Cin cinnati: “With co-ordinated planning, we may en deavor to make the things the people want, assure distribution by planning adequate consuming pow- er, thereby making It possible for all to enjoy the benefits of social progress." Mr. Swope goes along with labor in demanding regularized employment, a maintained living stand ard. security reserves, and unemployment Insurance. Labor departs from his suggestions by insisting that these reserves and insurance funds be replenished wholly from industry's earnings, not from wage rolls. It also insists upon labor's right to organize under social planning. Obviously, too, since industrial planning con templates modification of anti-trust law’s, the pub lic must protect itself by providing for strict regu lation of industry. Wisconsin has adopted a compulsory jobless in surance law. Ohio, New York, Maryland, California may follow suit this winter. The legislatures of thirty states will consider such legislation. But industrial planning, that goes hand in hand with jobless insurance, is a national problem. To clear the way for a planned industrial order, the federal government must act. Enactment of the La Follette bill for a national economic council and the Wagner proposals for fed eral aid to state unemployment insurance would speed this fundamental reform. Private Industry, now suffering from its own planlessness should be the first to seek aid in providing and maintaining a steady, ample market for its products. IN SAN JUAN COUNTY The news of a man biting a dog is no more ar resting than that from San Juan county, Wash ington. This little county in the northwest corner of the United States has many stockmen, general farmers, fisher folk, and cannery hands. But it has no debts. It pays as it goes. And its county tax rate is 15 mills. “You can’t buy any San Juan county bonds, be cause there aren’t any,” says Gene Gould, banker of Friday Harbor. The nations now’ crying on Uncle Sam's shoulder will envy San Juan county. So will every American city, county and state that staggers under its load of debt, Ben Franklin's proverb, “He who goes a-borrow ing goes a-sorrowing,” is just as true today as it was in Poor Richard's time. CONTENTMENT The man who is perfectly satisfied to stay quietly at home and let other people see the sights and have the adventures always is a bit of a puzzle to most of us. Monotony and boredom are plagues that we avert only by great exertion; it is hard to understand the man who doesn’t even know what those words mean. So there is a good deal of interest in the story of that 83-year-old Ohio farmer who set out the other day to make his first trip to the city. This man had spent all his life on a farm less than thirty miles from one of the largest cities in the middle west. But—up to a day or so ago—he never had gone into the city. He never had, for instance, seen a skyscraper, or a moving picture show, or a traffic jam, or any of the other delights of modern urban civilization. Instead, he had lived peacefully on his farm, quite content to remain out of the main current of life. When we read about a chap like this, our first impulse is to feel sorry for him, in a superior sort of way. We tell ourselves that he must have missed a lot; staying put so placidly for so many years. But maybe the old gentleman hasn't missed as much as we suppose. ■While other men have wrestled desperately with the noise and confusion and hustle of city life, he has had his quiet fields, his slow round of duties under the open sky, his tasks that are performed to the gentle rhythm of the seasons themselves. In place of jangling street cars, rumbling trucks, and speeding autos, he has had peaceful country lanes with springy earth underfoot; in place of a crowded suburban subdivision or a jammed city apartment house, he has had a home separated by many acres from every other dwelling; he has been able to look at dawns and sunsets without finding their bequties dimmed by a "■moke cloud; if he has missed the movies, he has had the unending pageant of spring and summer and fall and winter, the never-faltering birth of new life in the warm ground— Perhaps, after all, this old chap who stayed away from the city for fourscore years knew what he was doing. Just Plain Sense by MRS. WALTER FERGUSON ARE WOMEN COPY CATS? “TMITATION.” it has been said, “is the sincerest form of flattery.” If this be true, then women never before have been so flattering to men. In a good many ways, we behave like a bunch of infants who walk behind and ape .ne mannerisms of adults. So we walk behind and ape the behavior of njen. and the saddest thing is that, instead of imi tating their finer qualities, we choose their faults to emulate. True liberty is enjoyed only by the individual who uses it to fashion a good life for himself. For in stance, thousands of men who boast of their freedom from a wife’s apron string go right out and become involved with other unscrupulous women who fleece and make fools of them. In their cases independ ence is hardly worth having. Just so. it is unfortunate that many women think of freedom in its narrowest terms, merely that it gives them the right to do as men do. So far as I can see. the privilege of smoking cigarets, sitting in speakeasies, or indulging in pro miscuous love affairs is nothing to boast about. The lowest moron can do that. And certainly it was something more than this that brave women in England and the United States once suffered ignomi ny and abuse. a tt tt TJ' VEN voting and holding jobs will avail us noth ing if we use these privileges only as men have used them. Feminine freedom does mean one very important thing to us. and one only—that each may do crea tive work if she possesses a gift and that each shall be allowed to help fashion a world that is more to her liking than the old one was or the present one is. Any other conception of independence may be alluring, but it will not be real or complete. We must be something more than pretty copy cats, repeating the gestures of men. The world sadly needs that fine humanitarianism. that encom passing and all-inclusive maternal helpfulness and sympathy that long has been counted a feminine possession. Unless we can contribtue to business, to politics, to religion, some of cur essential womanliness, the gift of ourselves, our freedom will mean nothing for us or for civilization. c THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES And We Laugh at the Ostrich -V M 1? Trnr\r Sovs- we-re winding ur sorry job IVI. L>. 1 IdL) Ociyo. IS SORRY WAY IN PHILIPPINES WE might as well be frank re garding this business of Philippine independence. It is not a grand, constructive gesture of altruism on our part. The big idea is to get rid of what promises to become a national disadvantage and what already has developed into dangerous competition with certain private interests. Take sugar and far eastern poli- Times Readers Voice Views... Editor Times — IT seems to me that legislative acts are only systems formed for law, that are not law until they are passed upon officially, and proved to accomplish the intent for which they were written, without conflict ing with the Constitution of the United States. Any system formed for law that conflicts with it is void, and can not become law ex cept by united consent of the people. Forming of a system by the leg islature for a store license, that conflicts with the rights of a free people, and prevents a person with a few dollars from making an ef fort to earn a living at a legitimate trade makes this system void as a law. It can be removed from the statutes as a blunder, but it can not be repealed, as being void in the making, there is no law for repeal. As to the ruling of the supreme court, that this store license might be legal under uniformity, with the rules of law for taxing according to ability to pay, can it explain the discrepancy in the ruling accord ing to the rules of law for taxing? Would not uniformity in this store license be somewhat similar to giving a uniform feed that is adequate for a guinea pig, to an elephant, and expect it to live? Or a uniform feed that is required for an elephant, and expect the guinea pig to consume the same amount? Is this the way uniformity is to be figured? If this metaphor does not do justice to application of uni formity to this store license, will someone else please give views on this subject? We employ people to look after our interests and pay them salaries that in comparison with those that produce the necessities for our existence are exorbitant. Is it our place to define and put up the argument to prove the validity of the sypstems formed by our representatives for law. or is it that of' the men we pay to look after our interests in such matters? H. D. ROBINSON. Richmond. Ind. Daily Thought | There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.—St. Mark 7:15. a a REASON deceives us often; conscience never. —Rosseau. Cosmetics Used Centuries Ago IF the ladies think cosmetics are something new, they have an other guess coming. The word it self is derived from a Greek word, meaning “to decorate or adorn.” And not only did the Greeks have a word for it, but the Egyp tians as well. No doubt, the use of cosmetics, perfumes and aro matics played a most important part in the lives of these ancient peoples. Dr. Charles Lerner has made a study of their knowledge. A manuscript written in Egypt 1.200 years before the Christian era. gives numerous recipes for beauty in vogue thousands of years ago. The hair dyes mentioned include “dried tadpoles from the canal” crushed in oil, and also "tortoise shell and the neck of the gabgu bird” boiled in oil. This Egyptian manuscript men tions remedies for moles, treat ments for gray hair, remedies for baldness and hair dyes; and after all these thousands of years, tics out of the situation, and the Philippines wouldn't have a chance. We merely are winding up a sorry performance in a sorry way. Taking the Philippines was con trary to our traditions. We needed no such excuse for contributing $20,000,000 to Spain. It only.in volved us in a war of subjugation for which we had little stomach and bound us to a campaign of education which we lack the pa tience to complete. Worse than all else, It invoved us in oriental politics and con fronted us with a more or less definite threat of war on the Pacific. We are sliding out from under risks and responsibilities which we failed to foresee or preferred to ignore thirty years ago, and it is useless to pretend otherwise. a a a Weary of Burden are tired of carrying the ' ' Philippines £nd scared of what it might cost to defend them in case of conflict. We also are disturbed by what their sugar, jute, and rubber crops have done to demoralize nearer and dearer markets. We shall, of course, write dif ferent reasons into the record, be cause the truth looks bad, but we won’t deceive anybody, least of all the Filipinos. We are not imperialistic by na ture; we merely are meddlesome. Our attitude toward the Philip pines is compounded of the same hodgepodge of curiosity, fear, and money-grubbing as is our attitude toward Latin America. For a quarter century we have kidded ourselves and our children Every Day Religion BY DR. JOSEPH FORT NEWTON . ONCE upon a time an ancient king asked the wise man of his court to make him a maxim. What he wanted, he said, was a law to fit all occasions, a truth to apply in every sort of situation, that he might fortify himself against the whims of fate. The wise man pondered the matter for a day and a night, and then gave the king, in these words, the maxim he sought: “This, too, shall pass away.” At first the king was puzzled, not seeing the fact, or law, hidden in such simple words. But, after thinking it over, he saw the truth of the maxim, and that it is as large as life itself. Are we in trouble? Does the day run heavily? Do we find ourselves in a blind alley, at a dgftd end? Does the road seem to wind up hill all the way? Do not be morose or rash; this, too, shall pass away. Are you happy? Does everything come your way? Does all that you touch turn to success? Beware of carelessness and vanity, for this, too. shall pass away. If you are on the high tide, re member. that tides ebb as well as DAILY HEALTH SERVICE BY. DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medi call Association and of Hvreia. the Health Maeazine. people still search for remedies of this character. Hope springs eter nal in the bald-headed man’s breast. a a THE Egyptian lady of 4,000 years ago had a dressing table with just about as many fancy mirrors and little jars filled with all sorts of colored creams and pastes as the lady to today. She used to shape her eyebrows and tip her eyelashes. Cleopatra had fifteen kinds of perfume. It was customary in ancient Egypt to dress the hair every ten or twelve days, just as today the common people get along with a hairwave once in two months. The Roman women tried as many silly prescriptions as are offered to the credulous adoles cents of our country. They used with romances of the wonderful work we were doing in the Philip pines; how we were lifting them out of the jungle, training them for the blessed role of self-gov ernment, making them over in a generation, showing the rest of the world how much faster we could do the trick than anybody else could, or than it ever had been done before. Now we are ready to turn them loose after a ten-year probation ary period, which gives us ample time to shut up shop and get out with a minimum of loss. And what will happen to the Philippines after this season of high-pressure tutoring? We should worry—we, the “civilizers." a tt u Shoidd Keep Bases WE shall retain some naval bases, to be sure, but mainly as a convenience for practice cruises. Meanwhile, we will begin to work the tariff and the immigra tion law just to show the Filipinos what they are like, though not without hope that the sugar situa tion in Cuba and the labor situa tion in California may be eased. We will get trained educators to write an additional paragraph or two to our history books, so coming generations may learn just how good we are and how much we were willing to sacrifice for the sake of peace and improvement. The yarn will make an excel lent companion piece to that one about our purchase of the Virgin islands, which culminated in de struction of the bay rum trade. It's a wonder that we didn’t call a world conference on the Philip pines so they might be mandated to some government or other, as the German colonies were. flow, and that tomorrow all may be different. All that goes up comes down, and we get a hard bump if we forget that law. Pride goeth before a fall, said another wise man, and fortune is fickle. n a a BY the same law, if we are sorely tried, tempted by suc cess or tormented by despair, it is folly to forget and give up. So, said the wise man, in every kind of condition, no matter what it may be, remember, this, too, shall pass away. Restraint, consolation, encour agement are in that simple maxim, if we are wise enough to wait. As Mark Twain said of the New Eng land weather: “If you don't like it, wait five minutes; it will change.” To fly wild in a fit of fretful im patience is weakness, and a waste of power. Most of our mistakes are made in that way. After all, life, too, shall pass away, and it is a pity to turn its joy into fever, and its fever into fear, and lose the joy of its days and the won der of its dreams. (CODVrieht. 1933. United Feature* Syndicate I to put on their faces bread and milk poultices to soften the skin. They would rub their bodies with creams, and believed im plicity in the whitening virtues of the milk of the she-ass; and in those days the Roman satirists, like Martial, were just as caustic as the skeptical men of today. It is said that Galen, one of the fathers of modern medicine, who lived about 1.800 years ago, devel oped the first formula for cold cream, consisting of four ounces of white wax and a pound of oil of roses mixed with some water and perfume. Today, the manufacturers of cosmetics offer not only the cold cream that Galen described, but also thickening creams, thinning creams, protective creams, founda tion creams, vanishing creams, and dozens of others in little white boxes with brass lids, which make a quarter’s worth of cold cream so aristocratic that it is saleable at $2. It Seems to Me: 4 + B Y HEY\Y 00 D BRO U N THE case of Prince Michael Romanoff has been interesting to me because Mike's evi dent enthusiasm to be one of us and our official coolness in the matter. The prince, as I remember, once swam the raging tides from Ellis island, and again and again he has made our shores by stowing away equipped with no more than a couple of biscuits and a dinner coat. I'm not at all sure that Michael is a desirable alien. In fact, there seems to be considerable doubt as to his being an alien at all. But at least he meets in every respect that pioneer spirit which was once so much admired by Americans. Out of all the world, this land is his rhoice. and quite evidently he will cross hot ploughshares to get here, in a day when many citizens and semi-citizens are not too enthusiastic aboul American in stitutions, I should think we might welcome a young man who displays such extraordinary ingenuity and fervor to become one cf our company. a a a The Faith of Mr. Gerguson IF faith can make us whole, surely Mr. Gerguson, the prince, has dis played a touching and winning belief in the future and integrity of the United States. But putting the whole matter on a broader basis, I think that we have become a little snobbish in our attitude toward the immigrant. We act as if the risks involved were wholly ours. We want to know whether the newcomer is likely, by any chance, to become a public charge. We look intently at his political views and his moral philosophy. It seems to me that it might be no more than fair to allow the im migrant a few counter-questions. In many cases his knowledge of us and our institutions is largely heresy. Suppose he raised his voice at Ellis island and said: “Now, I've told you all you want to know about me. But how about you? In our small village in Austria, I read in a book that this was the land of equal opportunity. I read the life of Abraham Lincoln. And the author said that the example set by your great President st!U was preserved in the performances and policies of your political leaders. Is that true? Tell me. I want to know. Am I coming to a land vheie liberty is always maintained and upheld in every circumstance?” I think any such questions might give the immigration Inspector pause. It is quite true that not every alien who knocks at. our door is good enough for our purposes. However, I can conceive of a reverse situation. It may well be in certain cases that some man or woman from a far land has made terrific sacrifices to come here in search of some tning which we do not possess in full purity. St tt tt Fot All Our Own Creation TT is well to remember that the national achievements to which we nf t l w nt u Vith pr A de are b >' no means the sole and exclusive creation wh u'l 'I " ,° Ur b ° rdcrs ' Thp ins,rum ents of government by foreign thought from the Very b °e inn ing- enormously affected by in migh A never have 150011 a Thomas Jefferson If there had been In Fiance no Rosseau. We owe a debt to early English rebels who SGSrJ&S’o Mngn 'i, Ch!,rta - A " d >" the 5 days” . ounding of the republic, we have drawn enormously unon the brawm and brain from individuals nurtured across the sea oil iT a T I Af eS mp , that novv we suddenly should take the attitude that ?n lpnrn e Sn .“A? 3 1 VlSlon are ours ancl that vve have nothing further o learn. Since this was not so in the past, why should we assume that and a spiritualTy? haVe become wholly self-contained, both intellectually ~ , lllcre are practical and plausible arguments for cutting down the Xldp L grat , 10 " at a time wh en millions here are unemployed. But e n these regulations we should accept regretfully as temporary ex pedicnts which we hope to discard in the near future. Umpoiary ex ‘ This Land Still Lives TT was not a slight thing that America stood for a century in the suffSfng inder°th G wefh? "f t haVCn for the and all those f and th ? welght of tyranny, it will not be a good thing If from now on we turn a cold shoulder upon the rebels of our own dav ent thinking thln * f °/ us to welcome stalwart and independ ent thinkmg men and women from afar, it still is vital to our growth and progress to receive new and rich blood into our veins g sort <M S Union 0 rmh S s '!!■ is a thin ?- We haven't yet become a soit of Union Club, dedicated to providing comfortable chairs for old gentlemen whose record of achievement has been completed . X Ul!U re is any tr *U h ia the that there's always room at the !? e ronfid ent enough of our potentialities to shove over a. little and make room for any stranger who comes to us inspired bv a tradition and a vision which we set and must not quit? (CoDvrieht. 1533, bv The Times) Einstein Again Upheld L ... . BY DAVID DIETZ THE year just closed saw one more triumph for the Ein stein theory of relativity in the field where the theory first achieved world-wide note. Professor Einstein completed his general theory of relativity in 1915, while the World war was in progress. But it was not until 1919, some months after the sign ing of the armistice, that the world began to talk about Ein stein. One of the predictions of Ein stein was that the light waves passing near the sun would be bent out of their original paths. This would cause the images of stars on a photograph of a total eclipse to be displaced from their usual locations. Two British expeditions set out to test this prediction at the solar eclipse of May 29, 1919. It was because these expeclitioas found Einstein correct that the great German scientist became inter nationally famous. In 1922 the Lick observatory sent out an eclipse expedition un der its director, Dr. W. W. Camp bell, one of the world's most noted eclipse experts. The weather was better than at the 1919 eclipse, and Dr. Camp bell obtained much better photo graphs. The measurement of the displacement of a great many star images by Dr. Campbell and Dr. Robert Trumpler verified the Ein stein prediction more definitely than the previous measurements. a a tt More Tests IT became apparent, however, that for many years to come, part of the observational program at every eclipse of the sun would be the' testing of the Einstein prediction. In 1929 an expedition was sent out from the Einstein Institute of Berlin. This expedition made use of a technique which it thought would be an improvement upon the one used by previous ex peditions. Its telescopic camera was equipped with a so-called “reseau,” a network of fine quartz fibers. This network was illuminated so that it impressed itself upon the eclipse photograph., dividing it in the same fashion that a map is divided into blocks by parallels of latitude and longitude. Two sets of photographs were made. One set was taken during the eclipse. The other had been made six months earlier, when the same stars were to be seen in the night sky. Shifts of the stars were meas ured by comparing their positions on each set of plates with ref erence to the lines of the reseau. These measurements disagreed with the Einstein prediction by 28 per cent, an extremely large percentage. It seemed almost ironic that an expedition from the Einstein in stitute should disagree with Einstein. .This year the plates were sent to JAN. 3, 1933 r.ROUN Dr. Trumpler, who-had made most of the measurements of the 1922 plates. Dr. Trumpler felt that the use of the reseau was a mistake. He pointed out that temperature differences bet ween the time when the one set of photographs was made at night and the other set was made at the eclipse, would render the reseau unreliable be cause of expansion or contraction of the fibers. a a a Lowest Triumph TGNORING the reseau, Dr. -I- Trumpler remeasured the plates, using the same system which he had employed In 1922. The result again was an agree ment with the Einstein prediction. And so, 1932 brought its latest triumph for the theory of relativity. At this time, It might be well to sum up the various pieces of evidence which incline the scientists of 1932 to accept the theory of relativity. They are: The measurements of the eclipse photographs of 1919. 1922. and 1932. Repetitions of the Michelson- Morley experiment by the Mt. Wilson astronomers, by Dr. Roy J. Kennedy at the California In stitute of Technology and by Pro fessor George Joos at the Zeiss optical works in Jena. In each case, the zero result, de manded by the theory of relativity was obtained. )The experiment is designed to detect the motion of the earth through space by measuring the speed of light waves in different directions. The theory of relativity demands that all such experiments, designed to disclose absolute motion in space, must fail; that is, give zero re sults.) A shift toward the red in the spectrum lines of the sun, re quired by the theory of relativity, was discovered by Dr. Charles E. St. John of the Mt. Wilson observatory. A similar shift was found by Dr. Walter S. Adams, director of the observatory, in the case of the companion star of Sirius. Questions and Answers ...... Q—How many full admirals fc. s the United States navy had? A—Three permanent full ad mirals: David G. Farragut, David D. Porter and George Dewey. Many others held the rank tem porarily during and since the World war. Q —Who was Pegasus? A—The winged horse of Greek mythology', a blow from whose hoofs caused the fountain Hippo crene to spring forth from Mt. Hellicon. Q —ls the American Bridge Company a subsidiary of the United States Steel Corporation? A—Yes.