Newspaper Page Text
DANGER OF VIOLENCE AMONG DESTITOTE GAINS, AS RELIEF BURDEN GROWS, SENATE TOLD Nation's Social Workers Warn of Peril; Picture of Misery in Report More Arrest ing- Than Any So Far Presented. BY Rl TH FINNEY Time* Staff Writer WASHINGTON, Jan. I.—The danger of violence among destitute Americans increases daily as families are forced to live on oO cents a person a week or meager rations from a central commissary, are herded together in congregate shelters, or are left entirely to their own resources by relief agencies that can not meet the burden placed upon them, the senate manufactures committee has been warned by the American Association of Social Workers. This organization, with 6,000 members, made a sur vey of conditions in forty three cities, during November and December. Its report presented to the com mittee by H. L. Lurie, bureau of Jewish social research of New York City, paints a picture of misery and of danger more arresting than any so far presented to the senate. It warns that serious riots have taken place recently in Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland, Toledo, Dallas, Seattle, St. Louis and Salt Lake City, some of them reported in the press and some of them, it says, not reported. Resentment Is Growing ‘•There is an undercurrent of re sentment,'’ says the report. "Dis affection and threats are becoming more prevalent, and it is believed that lack of a program and leader ship among the unemployed has prevented more serious outbreaks. •‘A part of the general dissatis faction has been diverted into mu tual aid and self-help projects among' the unemployed. “Fears are expressed that a mounting unrest may begin to as sume violent forms of expression more frequently, if constructive and adequate measures for relieving dis tress arising from unemployment do not materialize in the near future.” The association summarized the situation in the following general j terms. One-third of the unemployed are now receiving relief, and many more should be helped who are not. No Money for Rents The relief given is meager, usually food rations, which often do not at tempt to provide all necessary nutri tive elements, and a little coal. In some cities families are given a fourth of a ton of coal for a month. There is no money for rents, clothing, light and other necessaries. Relief has reverted to primitive methods ancl lacks competent ad ministration. Work relief is being abandoned rapidly. Ninety per cent of the money now being spent comes from public sources, but the credit facilities of cities are impaired, and state gov ernments have failed to find new sources of revenue. Reconstruction Finance Corpora tion funds, at best, have maintained emergency relief rations, on a month to month basis. Local re lief administration has broken down partly as a result of the uncertainty. Conflict on Starvation Conflicting evidence is offered as to the extent of starvation and malnutrition, and finally the grow- 1 ing irritation among the'unemployed is listed as serious. The association found one city with a 300 per cent increase in the number of families needing help, and a 30 per cent increase in funds. In Florida, only $5 and $6 a month is being given each family. in the forty-three cities studied the average relief per family was from sls to S2O a month. Detroit is sending unemployed men to the county almshouse, and Buffalo is considering the same course. Dallas is giving no relief to Negroes and Mexicans, and Rich mond is doing almost nothing for Negroes. One city, not named in the re port, recorded deaths of fourteen infants in a month due to mal nutrition of the mothers. Rural Areas Overburdened In the mining counties of West Virginia large numbers of families are uncared for and "sere spots” in New Hampshire and Pennsylvania are reported. The Scripps Foundation for Re search in Population Problems, Miami university, is quoted as find ing that 400,000 persons have de serted cities for the country in 1932, causing a serious situation in already overburdened rural areas. These people art living in abandoned farm houses, and makeshift shelters or are crowded in with other families. MOCK FUNERAL HELD. ‘VICTIM' FOUND DEAD ‘Pallbearers” Take Intoxicated Man Home, Unaware of Tragedy. By United Pr< s* ESSEX, Mass., Jan. 4.—When Wil liam A. Bagwell. 58. got drunk at a belated New Year’s celebration, fel low merrymakers painted his face and hands red. pronounced him “dead” ar,d held mock funeral services. Later, “pallbearers" took him home. Mrs. Bagwell found her husband, hours afterward, lying on the floor of their unheated kitchen. A doc tor said Bagwell was dead—"by al coholism and exposure." PRISONERS TILL FARM r Grow Vegetables on Arizona State Land, Run Tannery. PHOENIX. Am., Jan. 4.—Con victs in the Arizona penitentiary will not grow fat with Idleness They have been set to tilling sev eral hundred acres on which are grown vegetables for the peniten tiary and to help the poor. A tannery also has been estab lished to supply work. Tannic acid is obtained from the canaigre plant which grows wild in Arizona, and which is excellent lor tanning lngh grade leathers. LESLIE REMITS FORFEITED BOND Attorney Is Accused of ‘Going Over Heads’ of County Officers. As one of his last official acts. Governor Harry G. Leslie remitted a liquor law violator’s $1 000 appeal bond, despite objections from prose cuting officials, Prosecutor Herbert E. Wilson said today. The bond in the case of Zelda Lambcrtson, found guilty in munici court, March 11, 1927, of violating the liquor laws, had been ordered forfeited. Giving the bond to appeal her case to criminal court, records show, Mrs. Lambcrtson failed to appear for trial Sept. 15, 1927. The state sued to collect the for feited bond from Lamberston and Reveca Olarin, surety on the bond, Nov. 23, 1931. County officials charged today that Thomas McNulty, attorney, facing default for his clients, Lain bertson and Olarin. in the superior court suit, “went over their heads” to the Governor.” The state dismissed the case after Governor Leslie remitted the bond, Tuesday. BANK CALL IS ISSUED Condition as of Dec. 31 Is Asked by Federal, State Divisions. li’J I nited Press WASHINGTON, Jan. 4. The comptroller of the currency today issued a call for national banks to report their condition as of Dec. 31. A call for the condition of state banks as of Dec. 31 was issued by the state banking department to day. | Democrats 9 Split During Exile Shown in Records Ambition to Swing Gavel Only Thing Five Candidates for Speaker Have in Common. B;i Bcripps-Jfowned Xnrspaper Alliance WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—A study of the records of the five Demo cratic candidates for Speaker of the next house shows how divided that party has been on important problems during its period of exile from power. About the only thing they have in common is an ambition to swing a gavel gracefully. The five leading contestants present strange contrasts in appearance, poisonality and background. All are lawyers and college graduates. All but one hail irom Main street; the fifth is from Broadway and Times square. Their political and legislative methods and miens vary greatly. Tall, thin Joseph W. Byrns of l Tennessee has been in public life-, since 1900. A quiet but critical legis lator, he speaks only when the subject interests him, and he usually has something to say. He is a fine] committeeman, chairman of the powerful appropriations committee, and almost as homely as Abraham Lincoln. Blond John J. O'Connor of New York is a typical Tammany man— burly in build, aggressive on the floor and extremely vocal. He is a brother of Basil O'Connor, Pres ident-Elect Roosevelt's erstwhile in surance partner, and some think I this may help him. If Governor Roosevelt and John P. Curry, Tam many chieftain, decide to support him, he will be a formidable can didate. He at least will split the | dominant northern vote with the other entry, from above the Mason and Dixon line Representative Henry T. Rainey of Illinois. McDuffie Quiet, Conservative Majority Leader Rainey is an old fashioned legislator. He wears a Windsor tie always, and with his shaggy shock of white hair it makes him an immediate object of curiosity to gallery gods and goddesses. He has been in the house since 1902. ex cept for the period 1920-22. He is a graduate of Amherst, Calvin Coo lidge's college, but he does not like his fellow-collegian's politics or po- I litical philosophy. Boyish-looking John W. McDuf : he of Alabama is quiet and conserv : ative —too conservative for some. He now is the party whip and is supposed to have Speaker Garner's backing. He served at New York national headquarters through the campaign, and his friendship with ! the party big-wigs may gain him j some votes. "Honest John - ’ Rankin is a fiery, bushy-haired, dark-eyed Mississip pi. who has often engaged in wordy battles. But he is trying to live down his controversial career now, and recently gave out a news paper release which began as fol lows: "Representative Rankin broke I his long silence today when he j said—." He introduced sectional strife in a big way with his charge , that Tammany hoped to dictate the selection. Rainey. Rankin Most Liberal Rainey and Rankin have the most liberal records. With McDuffie absent, the others supported the Golrisborough inflation bill. All five voted for government operation of Muscle Shoals and to ; override the veto of the Democratic tariff bill. All but Rankin, who was absent, supported the Garner-Rainey re lief measure. Rainey and Rankin opposed the Hoover moratorium, while McDuffie voted against the R. F. C. 1 Byrn* and Rankin split away FORTVILLE MAN IS QUESTIONED IN ROAD DEATH MYSTERY > * ' : ; v <• ■ • jjVfr *>\ : 't, j *• ' Job Hu“ tr DEATH SUSPECT - ifHfll —iHICAGO. Jan. 4.—Wilfred L- * *; -■ Hunger Death Job Near After Months’ Hunting, but Man Succumbs. By United Per.m CHICAGO, Jan. 4.—Wilfred Thomson, 56, lost his job many months ago. Day after day, he wandered from one employment agency to another, seeking work, but never finding any. Last week, Thompson, hungry and in ragged clothing, went to Thirty-sixth ward headquarters. He was told there would be no city work until after the New Year’s holiday, and to return Tuesday. A line of men stood Tuesday morning at the ward office await ing assignments to work. Thomp son stood among them. The line moved slowly. Thomp son was within a few feet of tne window, almost within reaching distance of the job he had looked for so long. He began to sway. His knees sagged. He fell to the sidewalk. At Keystone hospital, physi cians pronounced him dead—a victim, they said, of starvation and exposure. from the party leaders to fight the sales tax. McDuffie and Rainey were the only ones to vote against full payment of the bonus. Only O’Connor and Rainey have been wet from the start, but all ex cept Rankin voted for repeal and 3.2 per cent beer. “Honest John” still is an irreconcilable dry. CASEY JONES TEACHER Famed Pioneer Pilot Opens Flying Instruction School. By United Press NEWARK, N. J., Jan. 4.—Casey Jones, famed pioneer pilot of the United States, and until recently an official of the Curtiss-Wright com pany, has opened a flying school here. He has as his assistants Lieuten ant-Colonel George A. Vaughn Jr., second ranking American war ace; Lee Warrender, war pilot; Richard Watham, former meteorologist on the British dirigible R-34, and B. Hunt Smith, sportsman pilot. In Europe and Japan, pyrethrum flowers are picked by hand for the insecticide trade; but scientists in this country find that machines can harvest the crop. Week at World Fair for SBO, Is Chicago Promise Low Cost Estimate Includes Railway Fare from Any Point Within 700 Miles. By United Press CHICAGO. Jan. 4—Any person residing within 700 miles of Chicago may visit the World Fair next summer for one week at a cost of SBO, according to estimates compiled by the Association of Commerce. The expense, the association said, includes railroad fare and entire expenditures for the week. It was estimated that 60 per cent of the nation’s population could attend the exposition for that amount. “The SBO estimate includes all persons within an area bounded by Syracuse, Baltimore and Norfolk on the east; Columbia, S. C., Mont gomery, Ala., and Jackson, Miss., on the south: Oklahoma City, Wichita, Kan., and Bismark. N. D., on the west, and Winnipeg, Man., and Ottawa, Ont.. on the north, the association's statement said. "Naturally,” it was pointed out. "those living nearer Chicago may attend the exposition for a week at considerably less cost. This figure not only includes railroad and Pull man fare, but hotel, meals, entrance to the f&r and -jther amusements.” THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES i Above—The Baldwin home at Fortvilie. Below (at left)—Bald win and Mrs. Margaret Baldwin, his first wife. At Right—Mrs. Lula Baldwin, the second wife. Believed the victim of circum stantial evidence, Freeman Bald < win, 41, Fortvilie. disabled veteran ■ old the World war, is held in the \ Hancock county jail at Greenfield, pending investigation of the death of his first wife, Mrs. Margaret Baldwin. jj Finding of the unclothed body i of a woman Oct. 6in a road ditch i in Henry county was believed by authorities to have been that of Mrs. Baldwin, but it was learned Tuesday that there is evidence she was alive more than a month I after the body was found. DEATH SUSPECT MAY IE FREED Attempt to Fix Identity of Woman’s Body Ends in Failure. (Continued From Page One) at Indianapolis on Nov. 8, a month and two days after the body was found. The teacher, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Renfcrth, residing near Fortvilie, was well acquainted with the first wife, as she and her fam ily formerly lived across the street from the Baldwins. Tells of Election Joking According to Mrs. Inman, she was waiting for a car in the terminal on Nov. 8, when Mrs. Baldwin ap ! proached her, saying she had been | working in an Indianapolis factory j and was waiting for her brother to arrive from St. Louis, and that she intended to return there with him. It was election day. Mrs. Inman and Mrs. Baldwin are of opposite political beliefs and the teacher re calls they engaged in seme friendly raillery about political matters. Mrs. Baldwin, who disappeared from her Fortvilie home on March 7, is credited with the following statement by Mrs. Inman: “He choked me and was full of whisky all the time, so I just left without letting him know anything about where I was going.” Dentist Unable to Aid Baldwin was granted a divorce from the first wife at Greenfield ; early in November and on Dec. 1, he and Mrs. Lula Barger, living near ; Whiteland, Johnson county, were | married. Baldwin and his first wife lived ; together ten years. She is said to ; have been married before and has two children living in California. The Baldwin home at Fortvilie, ac cording to the second wife, is owned by the first. Dr. B. J. Deakyne, Fortvilie den tist, who extracted a tooth for Mrs. Margaret Baldwin in October. 1931, was unable to aid in identifying the body found at the roadside through a dental picture. A tooth identical to the one he extracted was missing, the picture showed, but so were three others, LOCAL FIRMS SLICE PRICE ON GASOLINE One-Cent-a-Gallon Reduc tion Announced Here. Reduction of 1 cent a gallon in the retail price of gasoline has been announced by local officials of oil companies. Price of 17.4 cents has been placed on regular grade Red Crown, 20.4 on ethyl, and 13.9 cents on Standolind brand of the Stand ard Oil Company. The Shell Petroleum Company an nounces a price of 17.4 cents on its Shell "400” brand. Sinclair and several other refiners also an- Lnounced price drops. The SBO was distributed as fol lows: railroad fare (round trip), S3O; lower berth, 57.50; hotel, five days at S4 a day, S2O: meals, seven days, Sl4: admission to fair, three days, 51.50; admission to side shows. 51.50; j sightseeing trip. $1.50; theater, $1.75; baseball game, 51.50: sightseeing trip j on Lake Michigan, S1.00; admission jto various institutions, such as planetarium. Field Museum, etc., $1; local transportation in Chicago, $2. j It was pointed out that although | the total is approximately SB3, many persons would not wish to visit all the additional attractions piovided : for in the estimate. Fate Laughs Misfortune Trails Two of 13 Men Fighting Superstition. BY SAM KNOTT United Tress Staff Correspondent CHICAGO, Jan. 4.—Perhaps it was fate and perhaps it was just coincidence that Lleman Powers contracted the flu and Sidney Strotz’ automobile skidded into a curb Tuesday. Powers said his flu was “just a tough break.” Strotz blamed the skidding to careless driving. Some of their friends had dif ferent opinions. They warned Powers, Strotz and eleven other members of Chicago's Anti-Su perstition Society several days ago to abandon their plan to de fy fate “in an outlandish” man ner for thirteen days ending Fri day the 13th. By constructing a dam, engineer: in Switzerland have made a nev lake more than three miles Ion: which will run power plants. 180 Million Acres Form Nation's ‘Last Frontier’ Land May Be Taken Up as Homesteads, But Much ‘Elbow-Grease’ Is Needed. By United Press WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—The general land office of the interior der partment has about 180 million acres of “last frontier” in the United States which may be taken under the homestead acts. But those who take this means of getting a “little home in the west,” said Assistant Commissioner T. C. Havell of the land office, “must be prepared to back up their imagination with considerable elbow grease and horse sense.” This vast domain administered by the land office is equal to the size of New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia. Some of it scarcely can provide a living for jackrabbits, but in other sections crops of consequential size may be raised and good bunch grass found. “A settler can not go on to these homesteads in the same manner as the pioneers entered the west,” Havell warned. “Times have changed, and tastes have, too. If a man is going to succeed in homesteading. In the last fiscal prepare to spend many lonely hours far from neighbors. “Second, he must prepare him self to live simply. And third, he must be prepared to work his land for what it is best suited, whether it is grazing, farming, or a combina tion of both.” Records of the office show an in crease in the numbers turning to FLO EPIDEMICS CALL FOR PRECAUTIONS! A Few Simple Rules that Will Put a Person on the Side of Safety! While it does not pay to become farmed over Flu. it does not pay either to be careless. Many a case of Flu could have been avoided with a few simple precautions. * Here are a few rules which may be wisely followed: Stay oat of crowded, stuffy and smoky places. Stay in the sunshine as much as you can. Avoid coughers and sneezers. Dress warmly, keep your feet dry, sleep in a well-ventilated room. Drink lots of water. Eat plenti fully of citrus fruits and their juices. Watch out for colds. The so called “common cold” often paves the way for flu. At the first sign of a cold, do something about it! One of the best things you can do is to take Grove's Laxative Bromo Quinine immediately. These tablets are ef fective because they do four im portant thjsgs. They open the WAR DEBTORS ARE LASHED BY HIRAM JOHNSON Californian Demands That Defaulters Be Barred From Money Marts. (Continued From Page One! Johnson said that the United States had advanced more than $3,000,000,000 to European countries for rehabilitation after the Armis tice and that "most of the nations which have signed funding agree ments haven’t agreed to pay even a part of those post-armistice re habilitation loans.” Reads Wilson’s Message “So long as we accepted their promissory notes we were the most idealistic nation on earth.” More than half the members of the senate were in the chamber to hear the sharp-tongued Californian. Johnson read a communication from President Wilson to Lloyd George, written in 1920, which stat ed that congress never had delegat ed the power of cancellation or re duction of debts to any agency. “If that position has been altered, which I deny.” he exclaimed, “it was altered without authority of law. “That has been the position of the United States government since then, even though it might prac tically have been altered in 1931 and 1932.” Glorious Page in History Johnson reviewed the Versailles treaty negotiations and declared: “It’s a glorious page in the his tory of our country that when we sat at the peace table when the central powers were dismembered, we asked no reward, no spoil or booty, and that some of the ideals cf the war existed at the making of the peace. “Not so with the others. They sawed and carved and carved and when they took everything of value, •we took nothing. “Great Britain got 1,000 square miles.” ROS WIDOW OF MEANS OF EARNING A LIVING Two Thieves Pose as Repair Man, Steal Washing Machine Motor. Two thieves posing as electric re pair men robbed Mrs. Gertrude Kramer, 5015 University avenue, a widow, of the means of earning a living. Mrs. Kramer reported to police Tuesday that the men came to her home Monday and said they wished to inspect tne motor of a washing machine with which she earned a living. Informing Mrs. Kramer there w T as a short in the motor, the men re moved it ar.d took it away with them. Believing the men representa tives of an electric shop, Mrs. Kra mer offered no objection to taking the motor. She called the shop Tuesday and was informed the motor had not been received there, and no trace of it has been found elsewhere. homesteading. In nthe past fiscal year, 4,551,774 acres were taken up. This- is a considerable increase over the ten-year average. Many of the homesteaders, who took up land in the last year, moved | out of cities with the hope of keep ; ing themselves out of the breadlines, ; Havell believes. One does not need to go to the | far west to find homestead land. | Many acres are available in Ala- J bama, Kansas, Louisiana Michigan, i Mississippi, Oklahoma and Wis ! consin. ! The bulk of the 180,000,000 acres, ! however, is in such states as Nevada, i with 51,221,000 acres; Utah, with 25,- | 197,000 acres; California, with 15,- j 712,000 acres and Wyoming, with 114,728.000 acres. bowels, combat the infection in the system, relieve the fever and head ache and tone the entire system. Better still, take Grove's Laxative Bromo Quinine as a preventative of colds! A cold is easier avoided than cured. A cold anticipated is a cold thwarted. Asa precautionary meas ure do what thousands are doing— : watch j’our living habits and take one or two Bromo Quinine tablets every morning and night. That will keep your bowels open and combat germ attacks. All drug stores sell Grove’s Laxa tive Bromo Quinine. For more than forty years it has been the stand ard cold and grippe tablet, the for mula keeping pace with Modern Medicine. Now two sizes—3oc and 50c. No reliable druggist will try to sell you a substitute on any pre text. Asa measure of safety, get a package today and keep it handy all winters-Advertisement. Awaits Tide Cuban Ex-President Is Exile in Florida, but Still Hopes. > X.. ||l |n General Mario Menocal By United Press •jiy|TAMI, Fla., Jan. 4.—Like an -*-*-*- exiled Napoleon. General Mario Menocal. former president of Cuba and leader of the opposi tion against the present govern ment, nervously is waiting on the lower east coast of Florida for the tide to turn in Cuban political affairs. Among General Menocal's fol lowers, numbering several hun dred in Florida, are many of the most educated and wealthiest Cubans, in refuge here as exiles, their goods and lands in Cuba having been confiscated. Many of the exiles are living here incognito, but a partial list reads like an extract from Ha vana's Who’s Who. Most of the refugees live in beautiful Miami Beach homes and apartments, asking nothing of the United States except temporary asylum until they may return to Cuba in safety. To safeguard the Panama canal against too much water in flood times and against too little in dry seasons, a special dam is being con structed. the Right to Limit Quantities! * pSBB3| 7 fra Women's and Children's Hose... Ml |B Children’s Bloomers, Play Suits. Kmw will buy; M (LOOK WHAT QUARTER WILL BUY! ■ K Spronrl Floor | (Look What a Half Dollar Will Buy! M Broken Sizes of Higher-Priced Shoes ff|t -JAN. '4, 1933 MELLETT QUITS JOB AS MAYOR OF ANDERSON Harry R. Baldwin Is New Chief: 111 Health Is Given as Reason. By Times Special ANDERSON. Ind.. Jan. 4.—Harry R. Baldwin, city controller, today became mayor of Anderson, suc ceeding Jesse H. Mellett, whose res ignation was submitted to and ac cepted by city council late Tuesday. Mellett, seriously ill in Methodist hospital, Indianapolis, gave ijl health as the reason for his resig nation, which was submitted by his daughter, Mrs. Margaret Cole, who has served as Ins secretary. He has been ill since about eighteen months ago when he suffered a paralytic stroke. His term had one year to run. One of Baldwin's first acts was to appoint Airs. Cole as city con troller. While he announced there would be no further changes at present, reports were current here that a shakeup in the police depart ment and possibly in other city de partments is imminent. Mellett's resignation is reported to have been submitted because of in sistence of city council members. The resignation culminates a stormy administration, in which Mellett was indicted in a federal liquor conspiracy case, on which he never has been tried because of ill ness, and in which numerous efforts have been made to displace him. Meilett's Indictment nearly a year ago in federal court grew out of an investigation conducted by federal dry agents, and which re sulted in conviction and sentencing of Alvin Riggs, police chief; a po lice captain and a number of liquor dealers on liquor conspiracy charges. This was Meilett’s third term as mayor. His first term began in 1914. He resigned about a year after beginning his second term, be ing succeeded by his city controller, William J. Black, now state repre sentative from Madison county. Under the recent law permitting patents on house plants, thirty-nine already have been granted.