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The Indianapolis times. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1922-1965, January 04, 1933, Home Edition, Image 2

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Nation's Social Workers Warn of Peril;
Picture of Misery in Report More Arrest
ing- Than Any So Far Presented.
Time* Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Jan. I.—The danger of violence among
destitute Americans increases daily as families are forced
to live on oO cents a person a week or meager rations from
a central commissary, are herded together in congregate
shelters, or are left entirely to their own resources by relief
agencies that can not meet the burden placed upon them,
the senate manufactures committee has been warned by the
American Association of Social Workers.
This organization, with
6,000 members, made a sur
vey of conditions in forty
three cities, during November
and December.
Its report presented to the com
mittee by H. L. Lurie, bureau of
Jewish social research of New York
City, paints a picture of misery and
of danger more arresting than any
so far presented to the senate.
It warns that serious riots have
taken place recently in Detroit,
Chicago, Cleveland, Toledo, Dallas,
Seattle, St. Louis and Salt Lake
City, some of them reported in the
press and some of them, it says, not
Resentment Is Growing
‘•There is an undercurrent of re
sentment,'’ says the report. "Dis
affection and threats are becoming
more prevalent, and it is believed
that lack of a program and leader
ship among the unemployed has
prevented more serious outbreaks.
•‘A part of the general dissatis
faction has been diverted into mu
tual aid and self-help projects
among' the unemployed.
“Fears are expressed that a
mounting unrest may begin to as
sume violent forms of expression
more frequently, if constructive and
adequate measures for relieving dis
tress arising from unemployment do
not materialize in the near future.”
The association summarized the
situation in the following general j
terms. One-third of the unemployed
are now receiving relief, and many
more should be helped who are not.
No Money for Rents
The relief given is meager, usually
food rations, which often do not at
tempt to provide all necessary nutri
tive elements, and a little coal. In
some cities families are given a
fourth of a ton of coal for a month.
There is no money for rents,
clothing, light and other necessaries.
Relief has reverted to primitive
methods ancl lacks competent ad
Work relief is being abandoned
Ninety per cent of the money now
being spent comes from public
sources, but the credit facilities of
cities are impaired, and state gov
ernments have failed to find new
sources of revenue.
Reconstruction Finance Corpora
tion funds, at best, have maintained
emergency relief rations, on a
month to month basis. Local re
lief administration has broken down
partly as a result of the uncertainty.
Conflict on Starvation
Conflicting evidence is offered as
to the extent of starvation and
malnutrition, and finally the grow- 1
ing irritation among the'unemployed
is listed as serious.
The association found one city
with a 300 per cent increase in the
number of families needing help,
and a 30 per cent increase in funds.
In Florida, only $5 and $6 a
month is being given each family.
in the forty-three cities studied
the average relief per family was
from sls to S2O a month.
Detroit is sending unemployed
men to the county almshouse, and
Buffalo is considering the same
course. Dallas is giving no relief to
Negroes and Mexicans, and Rich
mond is doing almost nothing for
One city, not named in the re
port, recorded deaths of fourteen
infants in a month due to mal
nutrition of the mothers.
Rural Areas Overburdened
In the mining counties of West
Virginia large numbers of families
are uncared for and "sere spots” in
New Hampshire and Pennsylvania
are reported.
The Scripps Foundation for Re
search in Population Problems,
Miami university, is quoted as find
ing that 400,000 persons have de
serted cities for the country in 1932,
causing a serious situation in
already overburdened rural areas.
These people art living in abandoned
farm houses, and makeshift shelters
or are crowded in with other
‘Pallbearers” Take Intoxicated Man
Home, Unaware of Tragedy.
By United Pr< s*
ESSEX, Mass., Jan. 4.—When Wil
liam A. Bagwell. 58. got drunk at a
belated New Year’s celebration, fel
low merrymakers painted his face
and hands red. pronounced him
“dead” ar,d held mock funeral
Later, “pallbearers" took him
Mrs. Bagwell found her husband,
hours afterward, lying on the floor
of their unheated kitchen. A doc
tor said Bagwell was dead—"by al
coholism and exposure."
r Grow Vegetables on Arizona State
Land, Run Tannery.
PHOENIX. Am., Jan. 4.—Con
victs in the Arizona penitentiary
will not grow fat with Idleness
They have been set to tilling sev
eral hundred acres on which are
grown vegetables for the peniten
tiary and to help the poor.
A tannery also has been estab
lished to supply work. Tannic acid
is obtained from the canaigre plant
which grows wild in Arizona, and
which is excellent lor tanning lngh
grade leathers.
Attorney Is Accused of
‘Going Over Heads’ of
County Officers.
As one of his last official acts.
Governor Harry G. Leslie remitted
a liquor law violator’s $1 000 appeal
bond, despite objections from prose
cuting officials, Prosecutor Herbert
E. Wilson said today.
The bond in the case of Zelda
Lambcrtson, found guilty in munici
court, March 11, 1927, of violating
the liquor laws, had been ordered
Giving the bond to appeal her
case to criminal court, records show,
Mrs. Lambcrtson failed to appear
for trial Sept. 15, 1927.
The state sued to collect the for
feited bond from Lamberston and
Reveca Olarin, surety on the bond,
Nov. 23, 1931.
County officials charged today
that Thomas McNulty, attorney,
facing default for his clients, Lain
bertson and Olarin. in the superior
court suit, “went over their heads”
to the Governor.”
The state dismissed the case after
Governor Leslie remitted the bond,
Condition as of Dec. 31 Is Asked by
Federal, State Divisions.
li’J I nited Press
comptroller of the currency today
issued a call for national banks to
report their condition as of Dec. 31.
A call for the condition of state
banks as of Dec. 31 was issued by
the state banking department to
day. |
Democrats 9 Split During
Exile Shown in Records
Ambition to Swing Gavel Only Thing Five Candidates for
Speaker Have in Common.
B;i Bcripps-Jfowned Xnrspaper Alliance
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—A study of the records of the five Demo
cratic candidates for Speaker of the next house shows how divided that
party has been on important problems during its period of exile from
power. About the only thing they have in common is an ambition to
swing a gavel gracefully.
The five leading contestants present strange contrasts in appearance,
poisonality and background. All are lawyers and college graduates.
All but one hail irom Main street; the fifth is from Broadway and
Times square. Their political and legislative methods and miens vary
Tall, thin Joseph W. Byrns of l
Tennessee has been in public life-,
since 1900. A quiet but critical legis
lator, he speaks only when the
subject interests him, and he usually
has something to say. He is a fine]
committeeman, chairman of the
powerful appropriations committee,
and almost as homely as Abraham
Blond John J. O'Connor of New
York is a typical Tammany man—
burly in build, aggressive on the
floor and extremely vocal. He is a
brother of Basil O'Connor, Pres
ident-Elect Roosevelt's erstwhile in
surance partner, and some think
I this may help him. If Governor
Roosevelt and John P. Curry, Tam
many chieftain, decide to support
him, he will be a formidable can
didate. He at least will split the
| dominant northern vote with the
other entry, from above the Mason
and Dixon line Representative
Henry T. Rainey of Illinois.
McDuffie Quiet, Conservative
Majority Leader Rainey is an old
fashioned legislator. He wears a
Windsor tie always, and with his
shaggy shock of white hair it makes
him an immediate object of curiosity
to gallery gods and goddesses. He
has been in the house since 1902. ex
cept for the period 1920-22. He is
a graduate of Amherst, Calvin Coo
lidge's college, but he does not like
his fellow-collegian's politics or po-
I litical philosophy.
Boyish-looking John W. McDuf
: he of Alabama is quiet and conserv
: ative —too conservative for some.
He now is the party whip and is
supposed to have Speaker Garner's
backing. He served at New York
national headquarters through the
campaign, and his friendship with
! the party big-wigs may gain him
j some votes.
"Honest John - ’ Rankin is a fiery,
bushy-haired, dark-eyed Mississip
pi. who has often engaged in
wordy battles. But he is trying to
live down his controversial career
now, and recently gave out a news
paper release which began as fol
lows: "Representative Rankin broke
I his long silence today when he
j said—." He introduced sectional
strife in a big way with his charge
, that Tammany hoped to dictate
the selection.
Rainey. Rankin Most Liberal
Rainey and Rankin have the
most liberal records. With McDuffie
absent, the others supported the
Golrisborough inflation bill.
All five voted for government
operation of Muscle Shoals and to
; override the veto of the Democratic
tariff bill.
All but Rankin, who was absent,
supported the Garner-Rainey re
lief measure.
Rainey and Rankin opposed the
Hoover moratorium, while McDuffie
voted against the R. F. C.
1 Byrn* and Rankin split away
> * ' : ; v <• ■ • jjVfr *>\
: 't, j *• '
Job Hu“ tr DEATH SUSPECT - ifHfll
—iHICAGO. Jan. 4.—Wilfred L- * *; -■
Hunger Death
Job Near After Months’
Hunting, but Man
By United Per.m
CHICAGO, Jan. 4.—Wilfred
Thomson, 56, lost his job
many months ago.
Day after day, he wandered
from one employment agency to
another, seeking work, but never
finding any.
Last week, Thompson, hungry
and in ragged clothing, went to
Thirty-sixth ward headquarters.
He was told there would be no
city work until after the New
Year’s holiday, and to return
A line of men stood Tuesday
morning at the ward office await
ing assignments to work. Thomp
son stood among them.
The line moved slowly. Thomp
son was within a few feet of tne
window, almost within reaching
distance of the job he had looked
for so long. He began to sway.
His knees sagged. He fell to the
At Keystone hospital, physi
cians pronounced him dead—a
victim, they said, of starvation and
from the party leaders to fight the
sales tax. McDuffie and Rainey
were the only ones to vote against
full payment of the bonus.
Only O’Connor and Rainey have
been wet from the start, but all ex
cept Rankin voted for repeal and
3.2 per cent beer. “Honest John”
still is an irreconcilable dry.
Famed Pioneer Pilot Opens Flying
Instruction School.
By United Press
NEWARK, N. J., Jan. 4.—Casey
Jones, famed pioneer pilot of the
United States, and until recently an
official of the Curtiss-Wright com
pany, has opened a flying school
He has as his assistants Lieuten
ant-Colonel George A. Vaughn Jr.,
second ranking American war ace;
Lee Warrender, war pilot; Richard
Watham, former meteorologist on
the British dirigible R-34, and B.
Hunt Smith, sportsman pilot.
In Europe and Japan, pyrethrum
flowers are picked by hand for the
insecticide trade; but scientists in
this country find that machines can
harvest the crop.
Week at World Fair for
SBO, Is Chicago Promise
Low Cost Estimate Includes Railway Fare
from Any Point Within 700 Miles.
By United Press
CHICAGO. Jan. 4—Any person residing within 700 miles of Chicago
may visit the World Fair next summer for one week at a cost of SBO,
according to estimates compiled by the Association of Commerce.
The expense, the association said, includes railroad fare and entire
expenditures for the week.
It was estimated that 60 per cent of the nation’s population could
attend the exposition for that amount.
“The SBO estimate includes all
persons within an area bounded by
Syracuse, Baltimore and Norfolk on
the east; Columbia, S. C., Mont
gomery, Ala., and Jackson, Miss.,
on the south: Oklahoma City,
Wichita, Kan., and Bismark. N. D.,
on the west, and Winnipeg, Man.,
and Ottawa, Ont.. on the north, the
association's statement said.
"Naturally,” it was pointed out.
"those living nearer Chicago may
attend the exposition for a week at
considerably less cost. This figure
not only includes railroad and Pull
man fare, but hotel, meals, entrance
to the f&r and -jther amusements.”
i Above—The Baldwin home at
Fortvilie. Below (at left)—Bald
win and Mrs. Margaret Baldwin,
his first wife. At Right—Mrs. Lula
Baldwin, the second wife.
Believed the victim of circum
stantial evidence, Freeman Bald
< win, 41, Fortvilie. disabled veteran
■ old the World war, is held in the
\ Hancock county jail at Greenfield,
pending investigation of the death
of his first wife, Mrs. Margaret
jj Finding of the unclothed body
i of a woman Oct. 6in a road ditch
i in Henry county was believed by
authorities to have been that of
Mrs. Baldwin, but it was learned
Tuesday that there is evidence
she was alive more than a month
I after the body was found.
Attempt to Fix Identity of
Woman’s Body Ends
in Failure.
(Continued From Page One)
at Indianapolis on Nov. 8, a month
and two days after the body was
The teacher, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. D. H. Renfcrth, residing near
Fortvilie, was well acquainted with
the first wife, as she and her fam
ily formerly lived across the street
from the Baldwins.
Tells of Election Joking
According to Mrs. Inman, she was
waiting for a car in the terminal
on Nov. 8, when Mrs. Baldwin ap
! proached her, saying she had been
| working in an Indianapolis factory
j and was waiting for her brother to
arrive from St. Louis, and that she
intended to return there with him.
It was election day. Mrs. Inman
and Mrs. Baldwin are of opposite
political beliefs and the teacher re
calls they engaged in seme friendly
raillery about political matters.
Mrs. Baldwin, who disappeared
from her Fortvilie home on March
7, is credited with the following
statement by Mrs. Inman:
“He choked me and was full of
whisky all the time, so I just left
without letting him know anything
about where I was going.”
Dentist Unable to Aid
Baldwin was granted a divorce
from the first wife at Greenfield
; early in November and on Dec. 1, he
and Mrs. Lula Barger, living near
; Whiteland, Johnson county, were
| married.
Baldwin and his first wife lived
; together ten years. She is said to
; have been married before and has
two children living in California.
The Baldwin home at Fortvilie, ac
cording to the second wife, is owned
by the first.
Dr. B. J. Deakyne, Fortvilie den
tist, who extracted a tooth for Mrs.
Margaret Baldwin in October. 1931,
was unable to aid in identifying the
body found at the roadside through
a dental picture. A tooth identical
to the one he extracted was missing,
the picture showed, but so were
three others,
One-Cent-a-Gallon Reduc
tion Announced Here.
Reduction of 1 cent a gallon in
the retail price of gasoline has been
announced by local officials of oil
companies. Price of 17.4 cents has
been placed on regular grade Red
Crown, 20.4 on ethyl, and 13.9 cents
on Standolind brand of the Stand
ard Oil Company.
The Shell Petroleum Company an
nounces a price of 17.4 cents on its
Shell "400” brand. Sinclair and
several other refiners also an-
Lnounced price drops.
The SBO was distributed as fol
lows: railroad fare (round trip), S3O;
lower berth, 57.50; hotel, five days
at S4 a day, S2O: meals, seven days,
Sl4: admission to fair, three days,
51.50; admission to side shows. 51.50;
j sightseeing trip. $1.50; theater, $1.75;
baseball game, 51.50: sightseeing trip
j on Lake Michigan, S1.00; admission
jto various institutions, such as
planetarium. Field Museum, etc., $1;
local transportation in Chicago, $2.
j It was pointed out that although
| the total is approximately SB3, many
persons would not wish to visit all
the additional attractions piovided
: for in the estimate.
Fate Laughs
Misfortune Trails Two
of 13 Men Fighting
United Tress Staff Correspondent
CHICAGO, Jan. 4.—Perhaps it
was fate and perhaps it was
just coincidence that Lleman
Powers contracted the flu and
Sidney Strotz’ automobile skidded
into a curb Tuesday.
Powers said his flu was “just a
tough break.” Strotz blamed the
skidding to careless driving.
Some of their friends had dif
ferent opinions. They warned
Powers, Strotz and eleven other
members of Chicago's Anti-Su
perstition Society several days
ago to abandon their plan to de
fy fate “in an outlandish” man
ner for thirteen days ending Fri
day the 13th.
By constructing a dam, engineer:
in Switzerland have made a nev
lake more than three miles Ion:
which will run power plants.
180 Million Acres Form
Nation's ‘Last Frontier’
Land May Be Taken Up as Homesteads, But
Much ‘Elbow-Grease’ Is Needed.
By United Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—The general land office of the interior der
partment has about 180 million acres of “last frontier” in the United
States which may be taken under the homestead acts.
But those who take this means of getting a “little home in the west,”
said Assistant Commissioner T. C. Havell of the land office, “must be
prepared to back up their imagination with considerable elbow grease
and horse sense.”
This vast domain administered by the land office is equal to the
size of New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.
Some of it scarcely can provide a
living for jackrabbits, but in other
sections crops of consequential size
may be raised and good bunch grass
“A settler can not go on to these
homesteads in the same manner as
the pioneers entered the west,”
Havell warned. “Times have
changed, and tastes have, too. If
a man is going to succeed in
homesteading. In the last fiscal
prepare to spend many lonely hours
far from neighbors.
“Second, he must prepare him
self to live simply. And third, he
must be prepared to work his land
for what it is best suited, whether
it is grazing, farming, or a combina
tion of both.”
Records of the office show an in
crease in the numbers turning to
A Few Simple Rules that Will Put
a Person on the Side of Safety!
While it does not pay to become
farmed over Flu. it does not pay
either to be careless. Many a case
of Flu could have been avoided
with a few simple precautions. *
Here are a few rules which may
be wisely followed:
Stay oat of crowded, stuffy and
smoky places.
Stay in the sunshine as much as
you can.
Avoid coughers and sneezers.
Dress warmly, keep your feet dry,
sleep in a well-ventilated room.
Drink lots of water. Eat plenti
fully of citrus fruits and their
Watch out for colds. The so
called “common cold” often paves
the way for flu.
At the first sign of a cold, do
something about it! One of the
best things you can do is to take
Grove's Laxative Bromo Quinine
immediately. These tablets are ef
fective because they do four im
portant thjsgs. They open the
Californian Demands That
Defaulters Be Barred
From Money Marts.
(Continued From Page One!
Johnson said that the United
States had advanced more than
$3,000,000,000 to European countries
for rehabilitation after the Armis
tice and that "most of the nations
which have signed funding agree
ments haven’t agreed to pay even a
part of those post-armistice re
habilitation loans.”
Reads Wilson’s Message
“So long as we accepted their
promissory notes we were the most
idealistic nation on earth.”
More than half the members of
the senate were in the chamber to
hear the sharp-tongued Californian.
Johnson read a communication
from President Wilson to Lloyd
George, written in 1920, which stat
ed that congress never had delegat
ed the power of cancellation or re
duction of debts to any agency.
“If that position has been altered,
which I deny.” he exclaimed, “it
was altered without authority of
“That has been the position of
the United States government since
then, even though it might prac
tically have been altered in 1931 and
Glorious Page in History
Johnson reviewed the Versailles
treaty negotiations and declared:
“It’s a glorious page in the his
tory of our country that when we
sat at the peace table when the
central powers were dismembered,
we asked no reward, no spoil or
booty, and that some of the ideals
cf the war existed at the making of
the peace.
“Not so with the others. They
sawed and carved and carved and
when they took everything of value,
•we took nothing.
“Great Britain got 1,000 square
Two Thieves Pose as Repair Man,
Steal Washing Machine Motor.
Two thieves posing as electric re
pair men robbed Mrs. Gertrude
Kramer, 5015 University avenue, a
widow, of the means of earning a
Mrs. Kramer reported to police
Tuesday that the men came to her
home Monday and said they wished
to inspect tne motor of a washing
machine with which she earned a
Informing Mrs. Kramer there w T as
a short in the motor, the men re
moved it ar.d took it away with
Believing the men representa
tives of an electric shop, Mrs. Kra
mer offered no objection to taking
the motor. She called the shop
Tuesday and was informed the
motor had not been received there,
and no trace of it has been found
homesteading. In nthe past fiscal
year, 4,551,774 acres were taken up.
This- is a considerable increase over
the ten-year average.
Many of the homesteaders, who
took up land in the last year, moved
| out of cities with the hope of keep
; ing themselves out of the breadlines,
; Havell believes.
One does not need to go to the
| far west to find homestead land.
| Many acres are available in Ala-
J bama, Kansas, Louisiana Michigan,
i Mississippi, Oklahoma and Wis
! consin.
! The bulk of the 180,000,000 acres,
! however, is in such states as Nevada,
i with 51,221,000 acres; Utah, with 25,-
| 197,000 acres; California, with 15,-
j 712,000 acres and Wyoming, with
114,728.000 acres.
bowels, combat the infection in the
system, relieve the fever and head
ache and tone the entire system.
Better still, take Grove's Laxative
Bromo Quinine as a preventative of
colds! A cold is easier avoided than
cured. A cold anticipated is a cold
thwarted. Asa precautionary meas
ure do what thousands are doing— :
watch j’our living habits and take
one or two Bromo Quinine tablets
every morning and night. That will
keep your bowels open and combat
germ attacks.
All drug stores sell Grove’s Laxa
tive Bromo Quinine. For more than
forty years it has been the stand
ard cold and grippe tablet, the for
mula keeping pace with Modern
Medicine. Now two sizes—3oc and
50c. No reliable druggist will try
to sell you a substitute on any pre
text. Asa measure of safety, get
a package today and keep it handy
all winters-Advertisement.
Awaits Tide
Cuban Ex-President Is
Exile in Florida, but
Still Hopes.
> X..
||l |n
General Mario Menocal
By United Press
•jiy|TAMI, Fla., Jan. 4.—Like an
-*-*-*- exiled Napoleon. General
Mario Menocal. former president
of Cuba and leader of the opposi
tion against the present govern
ment, nervously is waiting on the
lower east coast of Florida for the
tide to turn in Cuban political
Among General Menocal's fol
lowers, numbering several hun
dred in Florida, are many of the
most educated and wealthiest
Cubans, in refuge here as exiles,
their goods and lands in Cuba
having been confiscated.
Many of the exiles are living
here incognito, but a partial list
reads like an extract from Ha
vana's Who’s Who.
Most of the refugees live in
beautiful Miami Beach homes and
apartments, asking nothing of the
United States except temporary
asylum until they may return to
Cuba in safety.
To safeguard the Panama canal
against too much water in flood
times and against too little in dry
seasons, a special dam is being con
the Right to Limit Quantities! *
7 fra Women's and Children's Hose... Ml
|B Children’s Bloomers, Play Suits.
Kmw will buy; M
K Spronrl Floor |
(Look What a Half Dollar Will Buy! M
Broken Sizes of Higher-Priced Shoes ff|t
-JAN. '4, 1933
Harry R. Baldwin Is New
Chief: 111 Health Is
Given as Reason.
By Times Special
ANDERSON. Ind.. Jan. 4.—Harry
R. Baldwin, city controller, today
became mayor of Anderson, suc
ceeding Jesse H. Mellett, whose res
ignation was submitted to and ac
cepted by city council late Tuesday.
Mellett, seriously ill in Methodist
hospital, Indianapolis, gave ijl
health as the reason for his resig
nation, which was submitted by his
daughter, Mrs. Margaret Cole, who
has served as Ins secretary.
He has been ill since about
eighteen months ago when he
suffered a paralytic stroke. His
term had one year to run.
One of Baldwin's first acts was
to appoint Airs. Cole as city con
troller. While he announced there
would be no further changes at
present, reports were current here
that a shakeup in the police depart
ment and possibly in other city de
partments is imminent.
Mellett's resignation is reported to
have been submitted because of in
sistence of city council members.
The resignation culminates a
stormy administration, in which
Mellett was indicted in a federal
liquor conspiracy case, on which he
never has been tried because of ill
ness, and in which numerous efforts
have been made to displace him.
Meilett's Indictment nearly a
year ago in federal court grew out
of an investigation conducted by
federal dry agents, and which re
sulted in conviction and sentencing
of Alvin Riggs, police chief; a po
lice captain and a number of liquor
dealers on liquor conspiracy charges.
This was Meilett’s third term as
mayor. His first term began in
1914. He resigned about a year
after beginning his second term, be
ing succeeded by his city controller,
William J. Black, now state repre
sentative from Madison county.
Under the recent law permitting
patents on house plants, thirty-nine
already have been granted.

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