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Roosevelt Assassin Pleads Guilty; Gets 80-Year Term
HOUSE PASSES REPEAL; UP TO STATES ZANGARA ‘SORRY’ HE FAILED TO SLAY NEXT PRESIDENT Gunman Calmly Pleads Guilty on Each of Four Counts: Given Limit. UNAFRAID OF CHAIR Willing to Die If Judge Wished, Is Statement on Stand. BY E. W. LEWIS I nitr<l Press Staff Corrrstiondcnt MIAMI, Fla., Feb. 20. Giuseppi Zangari, who fired a volley of shots it President- Fleet Franklin D. Roosevelt and was “sorry” he failed to kill him, was sentenced to eighty years’ imprisonment today, after he defiantly had told why he attacked the President-elect. Zangara, who told from the wit ness stand how and why he at tempted to assassinate Mr. Roose velt, was sentenced to twenty years’ imprisonment—the maxi mum—on each of four counts of assault. The prisoner calmly pleaded guil ty to each count as the prosecutor went down the list of four, includ ing one involving the President elect, and then, in a statement from the witness stand, said he was ready to go to the electric chair if the judge wanted to send him there. Assassin Calm in Court Then the judge recounted the list of charges, sentencing the little un employed bricklayer to twenty years on each of the four counts. The formal charges against the little bricklayer who declared his hatred for “Presidents and kings” were assault “with intent to kill’’ and included on charge referring to his wild attack on the President elect, in which live other persons were wounded. The sentences will run consecu tively, the judge said, making the sentence equivalent to a life term as the assassin is 33 years old. Zangara tried to smile. His teeth showed white and glistening against his dark face. “It is fair,” he said. “I am sat isfied.” He laughed loudly, almost hys terically, as he was pushed by deputies through the rear door of the criminal court room and taken tip to his jail cell on the twenty second floor. The assassin's eyes were downcast ns he stood before Judge E. C. Col lins in criminal court. There was a faint smile on his lips as the county solicitor read the first information, charging him with assault on Russell Caldwell. Attorney Lewis T. Twyman, chief defense counsel, then announced that Zangara was pleading guilty to all four charges, involving the wounding of Caldwell, Miss Mar garet Kruis, William Sinnott and the attempt to shoot Mr. Roosevelt. Regrets He Failed in Attempt Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago, and Mrs. Joseph H. Gill, two more seriously wounded, were not men tioned, but should one of them die the charges would be changed to murder. Cermak and Mrs. Gill were re- j ported resting easily today, and hope was stronger for their re covery. To each charge Twyman formally announced “my client pleads guilty.” Tywman then announced that Zangara's counsel had a statement to be read explaining some of the background of Zangara’s life and the impulses which caused him to hate the wealthy and powerful. Twyman then declared that Zangara's one regret was that the volley of bullets he fired wildly into a crowd last week, had failed to kill the President-elect. The attorney said this determi nation of Zangara to kill Mr. Roosevelt was “a grewsome one, but one to which he said unwaver ingly.” Tells of Hatred for Rulers The defense counsel has come to the conclusion that Zangara. whom alienists described as a "social mis fit.” is sane, Twyman added. lie said Zangara “scoffed at the idea that he was insane and considers himself perfectly sane.” Zangara then was motioned to the witness box. Stomach trouble which had both ered him for a long time first prompted his hatred for "presidents and kings." the assassion said, his dark eyes flashing. He said he did not know that Mayor Cermak was one of those who fell under the volley of pistol shots he fired at the President elect’s automobile. “It wa all because of my stom ach.” he said, referring to his at tack. “It was because my father put me to work for a capitalist when I was a little boy. "I decided to make him suffer.” (Turn to Page One, Second Section) The Indianapolis Times Generally fair tonight and Tuesday; colder Tuesday; lowest temperature tonight about SO. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 244 tt n n a ts 1 2 1111 ' ; I j§^ ; ' 1 ■■OH iHWinynj HIGH COURT RECESSES Supreme Justices to Convene March 4 for Inauguration. By United Press WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The supreme court recessed for three weeks today following a brief ses sion. It will convene March 4 for the inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President, but will not return to hand down decisions until March 13. This new serial is the thrill ing story of a girl who ivas jilted—and kept her courage. It begins Thursday in The Times Giuseppi Zangara OFFERS KIDNAP GANG IMMUNITY Elder Boettcher Surrenders, Pledges Payment of $60,000 Ransom. By United Press DENVER. Colo., Feb. 20.—T0 the kidnapers of Charles Boettcher 11, his stricken family today formally tendered an absolute promise of ransom payment and a virtual pledge of complete immunity. Just one week after abduction of his son, Claude K. Boettcher, multi millionaire industrialist, wrote into a formal statement, intended obvi ously for the kidnapers, an admis sion of complete surrender. In effect, he directed them, through the public press, to take any means they wished' to estab lish communication to receive the $60,000 ransom demanded. Further, the elder Boettcher gave “assurance of no police interefer ence,” in negotiations leading to ransom payment. RESPONSE RAPID TO GARDEN INVITATION Many Expected to Work on City Lots. Within an hour after Mrs. Perry O'Neal had opened the offices of the Community Gardens at 303 Holliday building, today, offers of* vacant lots began to arrive. Also, came applicants in person fer the opportunity to join in this com munity movement. The committee headed by Mrs. ONeal will endeavor to furnish the vacant lands, the tools, and the seeds by which it is hoped that at least 10,000* families will find rec reation and profit this summer. Specialists in gardening will give advice and direction. The garden 1 plots will be distributed on the basis •of convenience. While the unem ! ployed will be given preference, ! emphasis is laid on the fact that this is an enterprise for the entire city. The telephone number is Riley 5046. Hourly Temperatures 6a. m 33 10 a. m 41 7a. m 33 11 a. m 43 Ba. m 36 12 (noon).. 44 9a. m 37 Ip. m 46 INDIANAPOLIS, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1933 HOUSE RUSHES PLAN TO HELP STATE’S NEEDY Bill for Relief Is Shoved Ahead to Second Reading. STUDY REVENUE DRAFT Excise Tax Is Provided on Gross Personal and Business Income. Four new administration bills, among them one setting up the Governor's commission on unem ployment relief, were rushed to sec ond reading in the house of repre sentatives today, under suspension of the rules. Calling for an excise tax on gross personal and business incomes, the administration revenue bill still is being worked over by Governor Paul V. McNutt and his advisers, and probably will be introduced later this week with consent of two thirds majority of the house. As considered by administration leaders, the excise bill will levy a tax on one-fourth of 1 per cent on gross incomes of manufacturers, one-half of 1 per cent on whole salers and jobbers, and 1 per cent on retail sales and personal in comes. The measure may be in troduced and passed under suspen sion of the rules. Salaries Bill to Come In addition to the revenue meas ure, one other important adminis tration bill remains to be intro duced. This is the uniform salaries bill for city and town officials. The unemployment commission provided for in the ,bill introduced today by Representative Edward H. Stein (Dem., Bloomfield), majority floor leader, gives the commission power to investigate abuses of poor relief administration by tow’nship trustees and hold ouster proceed ings. $20,000 Appropriation Asked The commission may be as large as the Governor sees fit, all mem bers serving without compensation. Appropriation of $20,000 for ex penses is sought. A slash of 25 per cent in teacher wages is sought in a bill introduced today by Representative John W. Mertz (Dem., Corunna). Minimum wage of S6OO is fixed, with the act’s life to terminate July 1, 1935. The perennial cigaret tax bill was presented to the house today by Representative John M. Cant ley (Dem., Logansport). Cigarets would be taxed at 1 cent on each ten or fraction; cigaret papers at the rate of % ceint on fifty, and “the makings’ ’at 10 per cent of the sale price. Other important new legislation would set up township poor com missaries and would force poor re lief applicants to accept employ ment, if offered, before obtaining relief. Compensation could be either in money or in “necessities of life,” such as rent, food or clothing. Pat on Back for House The house was given a pat on its collective back by R. Earl Peters, Democratic state chairman, intro- j duced by Speaker Earl Crawford. In a situation, Peters said, where he believed he was in a position to gauge the people’s sentiment, he thought that the feeling everywhere is that the assembly is discharging its duties fully. Memorial to congress asking speedy completion of the St. Law rence waterway project was sought in' a concurrent resolution intro duced by Stein and adopted by the house. The twenty-one new bills intro duced today brought the total j thus far to 507. After today, no j bills may be introduced, except by | consent of two-thirds of the house. Other Bills Offered Other new bills provide: Forbidding execution in mort gage foreclosure suits until three years after filing of complaint. Abolishing board of commis sioners in counties of less than 15,000 population and substituting an administration board composed of the clerk, treasurer and assessor, without additional pay. Extends township poor com missary law set to expire Dec. 31 this year, to May 1. 1935, and in cludes lodging in aid to be provided. The house probably will be em broiled this week in a floor fight on teacher tenure, when the education committee returns a divided report on the senate bill before it. A mi nority of the committee will urge indefinite postponement of the sen ate bill, which abolishes tenure for the rural districts, and urges pas sage of the Cannon bill, which is an outright repealer. Leg Broken in Fall Slipping as she stepped from the rear door of her home this morn ing Mrs. Grace Corman, 48, wife of W. E. Corman, 929 North East street, suffered a broken left leg and was taken to city hospital. VOTE IS 289 TO 121; DRY ARMY IN RETREAT THROUGHOUT U. S. Senate Will Vote Today on Relief for Destitute; Two Plans Are Offered Costigan-La Follette Measure and Wagner Aid Program Up for Decision; House Expected to Rush Action to Help Jobless. BY RUTH FINNEY Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The senate will vote at 4:30 today on providing relief for destitution. It will accept either the Costigan-La Follette bill creat ing a federal relief board to distribute $500,000,000 in grants to states, or the Wagner bill authorizing the R. F. C. to loan another $300,000,000 to relieve human suffering. The vote will probably be close. BOXING BOARD TO BENJSTED McNutt to Hand Duties of Commission to Feeney, He Announces. Furthering his reorganiaztion for economy, Governor Paul V. McNutt today announced he will abolish the present costly setup of the Indiana boxing commission. Duties of that body will be trans ferred by executive order to A1 Feeney, director of the public safety division. The announcement came follow ing a conference between the Gov ernor and Andrew C. Weisburg, South Bend, commission chairman. Weisburg fathered the bill creating the commission through the 1931 legislature and was appointed com mission chairman by former Gov ernor Harry G. Leslie. Other members are Lee Bayes, Sullivan, and Norman Perry, In dianapolis. During the last fiscal year. Weis burg collected $190; Bayes, / $730, and Perry, S2O, on the per diem basis. In addition, an office for the full time secretary was maintained in the Circle tower, costing $1,140. James Veach, secretary, drew a salary of $2,700, and Miss Jane Lamb, his assistant, $1,500. G. A. Farabaugh, South Bend at torney, drew $2,700 as legal advisor. Traveling expenses for the year were $2,296. All salary items will be saved and expenses scaled down, McNutt as serted. He also said that if anew commission is named it will be only advisory. Feeney today announced the dis charge of Charles Bolte, Wabash, from the staff of the state criminal bureau. Bolte was acting chief, ap pointed by Frank Mayr Jr„ secre tary of state, when he was displaced last week by McNutt's appointment of Karl Burkhardt, Peru, as chief. It was announced at that time that Bolte would stay on the staff, but the ousting order was issued to day. Fayette Club Holds Session Former residents of Fayette county met Sunday for the annual dinner of the Fayette Club at the Colonial tearoom, 1433 North Penn sylvania street. Mayor William H. Dentlinger of Connersville was principal speaker. Mrs. R. A. Reed was elected president of the club.! Times Cooking School Will Open in English Theater Tuesday Afternoon Dorothy Ayres Loudon, nationally famed as a practical and scientific cook, arrived in Indianapolis to day, to prepare for opening of The Times’ annual cooking school in the j English theater Tuesday afternoon. Mrs. Loudon was in charge of the school last year, when hundreds of j women profited by her advice. This year she will devote most of her lec tures to stressing economical recipes, j budgeting and better methods of housekeeping. First session of the cooking school and better housekeeping institute will start at 2 o'clock Tuesday. Pro grams will start at the same time ! Wednesday and Thursday after | noon, and a night session will be j held Thursday, opening at 8 o’clock, j Admittance will be free and doors I of the theater will be open an hour I before start of the program. This will give the thousands of women who attend an opportunity to look over the displays which will be placed by city firms. In addition to the lectures on I cooking and home making by Mrs. Whichever plan is adopted will probably receive quick and sympathetic considera tion in the house. A relief bill will be laid before President Herbert Hoover for sig nature or for rejection before the end of this week, according to present indications. Mr. Hoover has given no sign as to the course he will follow. Cities Demand Relief Senator La Follette today urged the senate to abandon “semi-star vation relief” and approve the $500,- 000,000 unemployment relief meas ure sponsored by himself and Sena tor Costigan. Direct federal aid for unemployed now is an absolute necessity, in the opinion of an overwhelming major ity of the cities of the United States. La Follette submitted ten ques tions to city officials this winter, to learn the exact status of relief ex penditures and the need for more expenditures, and answers received by him were made public today. Eight hundred ninety-eight cities replied to the following question: “In your judgment, can the un employment relief problem be ade quately met unless the federal government makes an outright con tribution and co-operates with the state and local goverftments in meeting this problem?” 616 Cities Say ”No” Six hundred sixteen cities an swered No. Thirty-five others were doubtful, twelve favored federal help of some kind, eleven said help must come from either the federal government or the state. Only 202 answered that they will be able to get along without a fed eral contribution. The first question in the list sent out by Senator La Follette asked for a comparison of the number now unemployed with the number of un employed in December, 1931. One hundred ninety-eight cities reported increase up to 49 per cent; 161 cities an increase up to 99 per cent and 225 cities an increase of 100 per cent and over. Only fifteen cities reported a decrease, and thir ty-one said there had been no change. The decrease was account ed for in several instances by sea sonal employment which had tem porarily reduced the number of those in need. A large number of cities which still are making relief appropria tions and increased them this win ter still are unable to meet the need in their communities because of the rapid increase in destitution. The letters received indicate that cities giving relief are giving an (Turn to Page Three) m IISm M. Roland Rapier Loudon, a program of music will be given by M. Roland Rapier, basso, Enter"!! as Second-Class Matter at rostoffice, Indianapolis Congressional Prophets Apparently Failed to Estimate Great Momentum Now Shown Behind Wet Rebellion. RATIFICATION DRIVE TO BE RUSHED Prohibition Forces Seem Unlikely to Prevent Rout East of Mississippi, North of Ohio; Outnumbered in West. By United Press WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The house today approved repeal of the eighteenth amendment. The action sends the prohibition issue back to the states for ratification or rejection of repeal. The vote was 289 to 121. BY WALKER STONE Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The prohibition army of the nation was scattered, disordered and apparently without effective leadership, as it fell back today to positions of sec ondary defense in the forty-eight state capitals. As congress submitted the question of prohibition re peal to the states this afternoon, the drys were trying hard to retreat with dignity. But, with all except a few of the state capitals already in the hands of the wet foe, the dry retreat took on the ap pearance of a rout. State Vote Seven of the twelve Indiana rep resentatives voted in favor of the Blaine resolution. They are: Democrats Boehne, Canfield, Gillen, Griswold, Larrabee, Petten g 111- Republican—Purnell. Against the resolution: Democrats Greenwood, Ludlow. Republicans—Hogg, Wood. Not Voting—Democrat, Crowe. FIRE MAROONS AGED WOMAN Held on Roof for More Than Hour While Blaze Is Fought. Driven from her bed early today by heat and smoke from a fire at the John W. Brown pharmacy, 2401 North Illinois street, a 74-year-old woman, Mrs. Anna Stedfeld, was marooned on the roof of an adjoin ing building for more than an hour while firemen fought the flames. Mrs. Stedfeld and other occupants of apartments on the second floor of the building, housing the phar macy, narrowly escaped death by fire and asphyxiation, but all reached safety. Warning was sounded by Miss Edith Gray, Apartment 8, who was aw'akened by the smoke. Several of the families were able to flee down a stairway to the street. Loss to stock and fixtures in the pharmacy was established at $1,500 by Brown. Mrs. Stedfeld said dam age to the building amounted to ap proximately SI,OOO. Entire loss is covered by insurance. Firemen said the blaze was start ed by a cigaret in a showcase in the store. The interior of the store was swept by the flames, and the floor of Mrs. Stedfeld's apartment, directly above, was blistered by the heat. Drapped in bed clothing and a heavy coat, Mrs. Stedfeld was led to safety by her two sons. noted as a radio entertainer, and his accompanist, Robert Hackett. Baskets of groceries will be given away at each session of the school and there will be several other prizes. Usherets will wear house dresses from the Wm. H. Block Company basement store and thq musical en tertainers will wear suits sold by the Capital Clothes Shop. Mrs. Loudon has been conducting home makers’ institutes and cook ing schools for a number of years in all parts of the country. She will bring with her a number of new ideas in food preparation and bal ancing of diets. Arrangements were complete to day whereby every one attending the cooking school may park for three hours, free of charge, at the Central Parking garage, 39 Ken tucky avenue, convenient to the theater. All you need do is to tear out the coupon in the program and present it to an attendant at the garage. A charge of 10 cents an hour will be i made after the third hour. HOME EDITION PRICE TWO CENTS Outside Marion County, 3 Cents Dispatches from the prohi bition war zone indicate that the drys were not to be able to make a stand east of the Mis sissippi and north of the Ohio, and that they will find themselves heavily outnum bered in most of the Rocky Mountain states, and prob ably in all of the states of the Pacific coast. Even in such one-time dry strong holds as the Carolinas, Florida, Texas, Arkansas and the Dakotas, the wets are reported in full charge against the breaking ranks of the drys. It now seems that all congres sional prophets have underesti mated the momentum behind the wet rebellion. Wet leaders in Washington, a few hours ahead, did not foresee the overwhelming vote of the senate against the repeal resolution last Thursday. Every hour since that time their optimism has increased. Speed Ratification Machinery And their estimates of the length of time necessary for ratification by thirty-six states have shrunk from four years to less than two years—and they still are shrinking. Ratification machinery speedily is being organized. The legislatures, much closer to the people than the lame duck congress and more re sponsive to public demand, obvious ly are anxious to let the people ex press their will. Improbable as it may have sound ed a few days ago, the end of the eighteenth amendment may be in sight by midsummer. Roosevelt to Spur Drive President - Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, who said in a campaign speech last fall that prohibition was doomed the day the Democratic platworm was adopted, is expected, in his inaugural address, March 4, to call on all states to speed up the process of ratification. He will have a chance to renew the appeal at the White House con ference of Governors, March 6. In Wyoming, Governor Leslie Mil ler signed a bill Saturday providing a ratification convention, and re quiring him to call a special election before April 1. Similar measures have been intro duced, or are being drafted, in the legislatures of Maryland, Pennsyl vania, New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Michigan, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Arkansas, Indiana— and Wisconsin —to name a few of the forty-one legislatures now in session. Cost Is Only Hope of Foes Strangely, the only argument of the drys that seems to be proving effective is that the conventions will prove too great a drain on debt ridden state treasuries. State legislators are being urged to withhold action, because there is talk of congress appropriating money for the state conventions. No such action, it is certain, will be taken by this congress. Many constitutional lawyers in congress contend the federal government does not have the power to provide for the conventions. To hold ratifying conventions in the forty-eight states, according to ! Senator Hiram Bingham (Rep., Conn.), will require expenditure of j approximately $10,000,000 —about the 1 same as the amount appropriated annually for the federal prohibi tion enforcement bureau.