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DRASTIC STEPS DEMANDED TO AID RECOVERY Roosevelt’s Advisers Urge Lagging Industries Be Forced Into Line. PRESIDENT IS CAUTIOUS Harshness Would Threaten Success of Plan, Is Executive’s View. BY RAYMOND CLAPPER l nitrd Pr-H Staff CorrekDondi-nt WASHINGTON, July 12.—Hardy souls among President Roosevelt’s advisers are urging him to use the teeth in the national recovery act. Some industries are holding back. Trade propaganda is carrying the hint that manufacturers well might sit tight and wait to see what hap pens. Some industries are divided so hopelessly that the government is considering stepping in and bring ing their quarrels directly before the N. I. R. A. Many of the President’s advisers rapidly are running out of patience. They want President Roosevelt to use his dictatorial powers. President Moves Cautiously But he is inclined to move cau tiously. His unprecedented exper iment must have general support if it is to work. It must have the bulk of industry and the business world with it. He has witnessed the collapse of prohibition because of the unpopularity which it aroused when federal agents attempted to dictate personal conduct. Industry has not been prepared for the sudden regimentation now proposed under the N. I. R. A. Harshness would stir up opposition and threaten the experiment, the more cautious feel. So President Rosevelt, armed with greater power than any other Presi dent in peace time, may find discre tion the better part of valor—for a little while longer. Impatient ones are urging a blanket short cut by which, as a stop-gap, President Roosevelt would call upon all industry to adopt a minimum wage scale and a univer sal maximum week of thirty-six hours or so, to hold until separate codes had been approved. Would Take Weeks Examination of the law indicates this could not be done without hear ings. That would take weeks. The only stop-gap, which could be ap plied at once would be a purely vol untary one. It might be done with a few basic industries more quickly, with a few days of simultaneous hearings for each. At the present rate, millions can not be put to work within a few weeks as had been planned. Speed up measures are likely, but their nature is uncertain. Although the administration has tremendous powers, it is finding that they are much like credit — they will not stand up if over worked. General Johnson's impulse tells him to strike out and make an example of some of the obstruction ists. His judgment tells him to nurse them a while longer. Fear New’ Collapse It is a gamble. On one side is the advantage of winning the co operation of industry. On the other is the danger from rapid rise of prices, the heavy overstocking of goods all out of reach of the con sumer, whose w’ages. if indeed he has his job back, have not begun to rise, a situation which General Johnson fears will end in another collapse if not corrected promptly. The warning of Donald R. Rich berg, general counsel for N. I. R. A., more pointed now than when he first made it, draws the issue thus: "If the privately elected boards of directors and the privately chosen managers of industry undertake their task and fulfill their responsi bility, they w’ill end all talk of dic tatorships and government control of business. "But if they hold back end waste their precious hours, if they take counsel with prejudice and doubt, if they fumble ineir great oppor tunity, they suddenly may find that it has gone forever." RACING STABLE LOSES, SAVES FOR OPERATOR Social Leader Avoids Tax Payment Due to Poor Business. By United Press WASHINGTON. July 12.—Mrs. Laura M. Curtis, society leader, saved $5,908 Tuesday by proving to income tax collectors that her racing stable is a business instead of a pleasure. The agents contended that Mrs. Curtis ran the stable for pleasure and social prestige. Mrs. Curtis replied that the stable was a business, and a very poor one at that, because it lost' $5,908 in 1929, when the horse race busi ness was supposed to be booming. Tax Appeal Examiner H. T. Sea wall sided with Mrs. Curtis and let her deduct that sum from her tax able income as a business loss. UDELL TO CELEBRATE Indiana Furniture Dealers to Be Guests of City Factory. Indiana furniture dealers and their wives will be guests for the next two weeks at open house at the Udell Works, 1202 West Twenty eighth street. The celebration will be in honor of the sixtieth anniver sary of the factory, maker of bed room, living room and dining room furniture. Special programs have been er ranged by Howard T. Griffith president of the company, including inspection of the new designs in furniture, luncheons, and theater partie*. Woman Is Named Clerk. Bu t nitcd Press FT. WAYNE. Ind., July 12.—Mrs. Elva A Pranger. widow of the late city clerk here, has been appointed to fill her husband's position. Full L#>a*cd Wire of the United Preßi ARRorP-itloo DECIDES ON DIVORCE ML Even though Zita Johann, above, Hungarian stage and screen ac tress, plans to divorce her hus band, John Haussman, New York playwright, they’ll still remain the best of friends, she declares. Miss Johann declined to give the reason for their separation. HOPE GIVEN IN CANCER CASES Encouraging Results Are Reported From Serum in London. By Science Service LONDON, July 12.—" Encouraging results" in the treatment of twenty five human cases of cancer with an anti-cancer serum were reported by Dr. Thomas Lumsden of the Lon don hospital at the annual meeting of the British empire cancer cam paign here. Twenty-five victims of this dis ease volunteered to undergo the se rum treatment which Dr. Lumsden has been working on for more than seven years. They were suffering from cancers which had recurred after the original tumors had been treated by surgery or radium. Their condition w r as diagnosed as hopeless by physicians. Each of these volunteers had some of the serum injected into the main mass of his cancer or into the artery leading to it. Dr. Lumsden reported that the results in these cases were so encouraging as to jus tify “intensive pursuit of the method," although he considers the work still in the experimental stage. Dog Days-Without Bark Sultry Summer Period Has No Relation to Canine Conduct, Science Reveals. T*? portion of the summer through which the year now is passing A known as "Dog Days,” beginning Julv 3 and ending ll has nothing to do with the extremely hot appearance of do g gs these’days or the reputedly greater prevalence of "mad dogs" during the period fixed stirs' s!'L n fh le fr ° m Sirus ’ the Do? star, most brilliant of the IP,, ta , s ' S u e the early days of antiquity this particular period of e jear has been associated with the greatest heat of the veax In Greek mythology, the helia- - - cal rising of Sirius was associated with the coming of the dry, hot and sultry season. The evil effects of this period on vegetation led to a belief in the baleful influence of Sirius on human affairs in gen eral. There is no truth in this superstition, of course, but the be lief was adopted by the Romans and by them transmitted over the greater part of Europe, whence it came to America. A muggy atmosphere, thunder storms and vacations are asso ciated with the dog days. Sirius rises with the sun about July 23 and the dog days include the pe riod from 20 days before to 20 days after this simultaneous ris ing. While this rising of the Dog star with the sun has no influence upon the weather it does provide an excellent sign for the time of year when disagreeable, hot weather is apt to prevail, partic ularly heat accompanied by damp ness. Hot summer weather was recog nized by the month "Thermidor ” the period from July 19 to Aug. It in the French Revolutionary calendar of 1793, SLAYING AROUSES IRE Mexicans Indignant Over Shooting of Citizen by 17. S. Patrol. WASHINGTON, July 12.—The killing of a Mexican citizen by a United -States border patrol which is alleged to have caught him smuggling liquor into the United States, has aroused considerable public indignation in the city of Juarez as well as among Mexicans living across tire river in El Paso, according to a message received by the state department today from William P. Blocker, United States consul at Juarez. Mexican officials charge, accord ing to the message, that the border patrols are firing shotguns on smuggler suspects without giving them an opportunity to surrepder. The Indianapolis Times FARM COLONY PLAN WILL BE TESTEDBY U. S. Population Shifting and Vocational Training to Be Given Tryouts. REHOUSING IS STUDIED Miners in Dead Coal Fields May Be Transferred to New Localities. BY MAX STERN Times Special Writer WASHINGTON, July 12.—Na tional experiments in colonization, population-shifting, and vocational training will be undertaken at once under the recovery act’s provisions for slum elimination and subsistence farm projects. President Roosevelt is expected to decide today or tomorrow w’hich will be the first undertakings under the slum abatement provision, and how the $25,000,000 set aside for sub sistence farms will be spent. According to Robert David Kohn, the government’s new’ housing ad ministrator, four plans are being considered under the $25,000,000 clause. These are: 1. Farm colonization, along lines being attempted privately in North Carolina and by the state of Cali fornia. Dr. Elwood Mead, United States reclamation chief and father of the two California state farm colonization projects, probably would direct such projects. Suburban Colonies Planned 2. Suburban industrial homesteads to be built on government credit in suburbs of Detroit, Cleveland and other industrial centers, where families could live on small garden farms and work in nearby factories. 3. Colonization of Tennessee val ley dwellers now’ being moved away from government reservoir and dam sites and out of forest lands to make way for power and reforesta tion development. 4. Resettlement of miners of Ken tucky, West Virginia and other coal states. Many mines have shut down permanently, leaving miners’ fam ilies in the coal "coves’’ to live on charity. Kohn said today that he will work with the federal relief administra tion in seeking to move families to better land, aid in rehousing them, and making their lives more secure. Also, he said, it would be necessary to aid many in vocational training. A sprinkling of skilled mechanics may be colonized within the un skilled. Against Great Tenements In considering the scores of slum abatement projects now before him, Kohn says he is determined that the government will not encourage the rebuilding of great tenements on high-priced downtown sites. Rather, he said, it favors the build ing of smaller buildings on cheap er land. This would insure cheap er rents and semi-rural surround ings. It is absurd to build tall tene ments on $lB-a-square foot land when land farther out can be pur chased for 85 cents to $1 a square foot,” he said. "So far as I am concerned, twelve-story tenements are out. They ought not be high er than five stories." SECOND PRISON TERM IS FACED BY CONVICT Terre Haute Man to Be Sentenced Again After Release. Liberty will be short lived for William Evans, 50, Terre Haute, "hen he leaves the federal prison at Leavenworth. Kan., July 17 after serving seven years for counterfeit ing. Governor Paul V. McNutt today ■signed extradition papers so that, immediately on release. Evans can be returned to Greencastle. Ind„ for sentencing in a bank robbery at Spencer. Ind., Nov. 5, 1923. in which twelve men participated. Convicted in Putnam circuit court at Greencastle, Evans was at liberty on an appeal bond when he was ar rested on the federal counterfeiting charge. Reports reaching Putnam county authorities that Evans intended to fight ieturn, caused them to obtain extradition papers. VETERANS GO TO CAMPS 800 Men Will Enter Forest Corps in Southern Indiana. First reforestation camps of In diana World war veterans will be established in Brown. Spencer, and Harrison counties this week, it was announced today by Ralph Wilcox, state forester. Previous camps have been com posed of men between 18 and 30. The veterans will number 400 at Brown county; 200 at Lincoln City in Spencer county and 200 in Harri son county, near Cory don. Pays for Cow; Avoids Prison By United Press AUBURN, Ind., July 11.—The 1 to 10 year prison sentence of Lee Sweet. 45, Ft. Wayne, was suspended by Judge W. P. Endicott here when Sweet promised to pay for a cow he is alleged to have stolen from Amos Fitch, Dekalb county farmer. INDIANAPOLIS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 1933 DOG LEADS THOUSANDS TO HEALTH No. 92, Just Another ‘Mut’ Aids Insulin Discovery This is the last of a series of stories by William Engle, Timer. Special Staff writer, recounting scientists’ battles with the mysterious. BY WILLIAM ENGLE Times Special Writer. NEW YORK, July 12.—The dog got well. Banting struck Dog 92 down with a fatal malaise and then made him w’hole. Out of a coma that seemed like death, the doomed dog got up and wagged his tail. "And, gentlemen, there are a million people alive today who would be dead or dying if the ex periments that saved that dog had failed.” Dr. Charles N. Best, professor of physiology at the University of Toronto, was talking to doctors of tiie state medical society in the Waldorf- Astoria last spring. Tell ing them about Dog 92 and gan gling, young Banting and the mil lion who because of him are well and happy—taking insulin every day. Taking insulin that gave back life to Dog 92. Insulin’s first dramatic cures of diabetes, of course, are old. Ten years old. The tragic stampede to Toronto for the new elixir is his tory. But insulin now is working new’ w’onders. It is transforming chron ically emaciated people—who are not diabetics—into plump people. Adding twenty pounds in twenty days to the weight of some of them. It is producing unprecedentedly favorable results in the treatment of a score of grave ailments. Its evolution is news week after week in that installment bible of the healers, the Journal of the Amer ican Medical Association. A thousand doctors, from Peip ing to Peoria, are adventuring with it in new experiments—because the young Toronto surgeon, F. G. Banting, saved the dog with in sulin. n n n BANTINQ was poor. His first month as a surgeon brought him $4 So, to live, he took the post of part-time teacher at the Western Ontario Medical school, and this night—Oct. 20, 1920—he sat studying in his shabby room. Brushing up on the strange workings of the pancreas, prepar ing to lecture next day on that mysterious duct that is necessary if life is to go on, getting ready to show why every human being on the planet would pine and die of diabetes if no one had this pancreas. Everywhere, then, of course, people were dying of diabetes. There was no cure. In the duct, Banting read that night, some odd little cells with no outlet had been found. A Ger man, Langerhans, had spotted them under the microscope, and they came by the name of the islands of Langerhans. In people dead of diabetes, Banting read on, an American, Opie, had seen that the islands were riddled. Apparently, they produced some unnamed sub stance—maybe the chemical agent called a hormone—which they somehow fed into the blood stream to keep life going. It grew late. Banting picked up a medical magazine. Here was more about the islands. Here was a Moses Baron saying that if you tie off the pancreas of a dog, most of its cells that pour out digestive juices will shrivel up and the islands will be left healthy and unaffected by the fluids. nun THAT put the great idea into the mind of the upland sur geon, who never before had shown any particular interest in labora- OFFICERS' DETAIL AT CAMP TO BE MOVED 334th Reserve Infantry to Command Candidates. Officers of the 336th infantry who have been training C. M. T. C. candidates at Fort Benjamin Har rison will be relieved Saturday by officers of the 334th reserve in fantry, under Colonel Charles O. Warfel, 825 East Fortieth street. The new group of officers, who will report Thursday at the fort, includes: Majors Milo D. Burgess, Indian apolis, and Earl S Teaford. Latay ette; Captains James E. Hatcher and Louis E. Kruger, Indianapolis; and Carl J. Klemme, Lafayette; Lieutenants William G. Bray, Floyd R. Bryan, Joseph O. Carson, Lewis E. Horton, Forman D. McCurly, Harry A. Dawson, Laurens L. Hen derson. Kenneth I. Hittle, Clayton W. Wells, all of Indianapolis; Ed w’ard S. Furnish, Vevay; Louis D. Philips, Sheridan; Eugene C. Volz, Covington, and Ben J. Peck, Craw fordsville. Candidates of the C. M. T. C. have been offered scholarships by Purdue university, Hanover and ' Wabash colleges, Indiana State Teachers’ college and Lockyear’s Business col lege, Evansville. Battle Looms for Possession of Last Indiana Brewery Permit; 21 Are Issued Only one brewery permit today remains to be issued by Paul Fry, state excise director. This will bring the total to twenty two, which is the limit prescribed by law, based Tn one to each 150.000 population However, the state may stretch a point and issue twenty three. it was hinted. The twenty-first Dermit was is sued to Berghoff Brothers Brewery, Inc. This gives Ft. Wayne three breweries and permits two to oper ate under the Berghoff name. Fry explained that the twenty first permit was given to Berghoff brothers, who are the sons of the late Gustave Berghoff, founder of the original Berghoff brewery’. That brewery’, said to be owned by Chicago capital, operated by Dr. Frederick Grant Banting tory experimentation. If the juice making cells of the pancreas de generated after you had tied off the pancreas, Banting saw, they could not affect the island cells. Then you could get at the is lands alone. Then perhaps you would have the thing which made the mysterious substance the body needed to stave off diabetes, need ed to consume its sugar. He went down—the country knifeman suddenly turned labora tory visionary—to the great Pro fessor J. J. R. Macleod of the University of Toronto. “I want ten dogs and an assist ant for eight weeks,” he said. Macleod agreed. He let him have young Dr. Best. Banting, in a frenzy, tackled the mystery. He tied off the dogs’ pencrea atic ducts, waited two months, took out the degenerated tissue and found intact those islands of Langerhans. From them he made an extract. Then another dog, with its pan creas removed, was made a typi cal diabetic. Would the extract cure the dog dying of diabetes? Banting thought so. It was the summer of 1921. The test was at hand. Ghost Light Cemetery Mystery Only Reflection From Street Lamp. By United Press NOBLESVILLE, Ind., July 12. —Yellow light that glowed from a tombstone in a cemetery here, and brought a chill to the superstitious has been shorn of its terror. Nightly people came to view the strange glow’ing. It w r as said to have been caused by numerous radium treatments given the can cer victim buried there. Finally, a man more brave than the rest walked around the ceme tery and found the glow to be a reflection on the polished stone of a street light, half a mile away. TWO~ BURGLARS ROUTED Thieves Flee From North and East Side Homes. Awakening to find the beam of a flashlight blinding him, Roscoe J. Hartley. 2934 North Capitol avenue, reported to police today that the burglar fled. A burglar who entered the home of Frank Egan. 731 Middle drive. Woodruff Place, was frightened away when Mrs. Egan arose to put more bed covering on the children. manufacturing near beer through out the prohibition era. It was first in the state to be on tne market with beer when it was legalized. But from the start an unexplained antagonism existed between this brewery and the excise department At first there seemed to be some doubt about granting a permit. Berrell Wright, treasurer of the Republican state committee, was attorney for the concern. Fry granted the Berghoff broth ers a permit as soon as they applied Tuesday afternoon. Meanwhile, he is studying a request for a manu facturer's permit here filed in the name of the International Brewing Company. This company was organized to succeed the Home Brewing Com INTO the sick dog Banting shot the fluid. In an hour the dog’s blood sugar was found to be down almost to normal. The dog came to life. It got up shakily and licked its chops. But the next day it died. Bant ing had not yet solved the secret of proper dosage. And the second dog that he and Best tried to cure died. So did the third. Presently they came to that Dog 92. “He stands out in my mind as the one dog among all others,” Banting said later. “I loved that dog. “He seemed to know the part he was playing in the experiments and what they were for.” For sixteen days they kept the dog alive, and then they had no more of the precious extract. The dog went down. “Instead of being the bright, happy dog that met us in the morning with a cheery bark and a wag of his tail, he scarcely would recognize us now, lying al most unconscious, and if raised to his feet he would sink back again.” That drove Banting to the series of experiments and discov- CITY BUSINESS MAN HEADS CODE GROUP W. 0. Wheeler to Represent Restaurant Owners. Appointment of W. O. Wheeler, Indianapolis, operating restaurants in Indianapolis, Lebanon, Frank fort and Lafayette, as Indiana chairman of the national restaur ant industry code committee, was announced today. He will attend a meeting Tuesday in Toledo of a district group, of which Miss Grace E. Smith, Toledo, is district chairman. Wheeler is sending questionnaires to several hundred Indiana restaur ant operators before attending the session to obtain suggestions and recommendations. The letters ask the weekly wage paid the lowest paid full-time em ploye. not receiving tips, hours a day worked, whether meals are pro vided free, and salaries paid em ployes receiving tips. The committee Is to co-operate with the government in raising minimum wages commensurate with good living standards, and provid ing employment for more persons, as well as to correct bad practices. pany, which failed to get a permit to operate the old Lieber brewery. With but one permit left to be granted, there may develop a Con siderable contest for it. The other manufacturer licensed in Ft. Wayne is Centlivre Brewery. Brewery licenses granted here in clude Indianapolis Breweries, Inc.; Capital City companv and the Mid west Brewery Company. T. M. Nor ton has a permit for Anderson, which is also in two beer control districts, parts of which lie in In dianapolis. Under the law not more than three can be issued to any one dis trict. That would permit two more here if the excise director saw fit and the law i s expanded to include twenty-three, . Second Section Entered as Second-Class Matter •t PostolTice. Indianapolis eries that made insulin practical in saving human life. nun IN the emergency he had to try anew method of getting clear the islands of Langerhans. He put another animal under anes thesia. By injections, he ex hausted the digestive fluids from the pancreas—and he had the equivalent of the tissues which he had waited weeks to obtain in his dogs with pancreases tied off. He shot the new extract into Dbg 92. Dog 92 by and by opened his eyes. Dog 92 got up and jumped, in play, on Banting. Now he and Best were off on a broad series of experiments aimed at ways of more expeditiously getting the islands of Langerhans. the mystery islands with the life force, until presently they were using the big pancreases of full grown cattle, extracting the islands easily and scientifically after treating the duct with acidified alcohol, which offset the digestive juices. They cured diabetic dogs, but could they cure diabetic men and women and diabetic children whom the disease ravaged so fearfully and swiftly? They did not know until young Joseph Gilchrist, who had been a classmate of Banting’s, came to them, stricken with the malady. They shot the extract into him. They called it isletin then, and later insulin. Nothing happened. Not for hours. Then it was as though he were a man possessed. He said he felt as if he walked on air. He said he suddenly was anew man, and life again racing in him. And the trekking of the stricken to Toronto, where was the cure for incurables begun. n n n THEY went there dying and came back chipper, the life giving secret stirring in them. Now, of course, the secret is ready anywhere for any one to learn, since Banting and Best re fused to patent it, declined to take a penny for the gift to their fellows. (The Canadian gov ernment, though, presented $7,500 a year for life to Banting, the Ontario government endowed a chair of research with a SIO,OOO a year salary, and put him in it, and in 1933 the Nobel prize went to him and Macleod.) Now, insulin is moving down a multitude of trails. Working strangely favorable results in cases of malnutrition. Lessening the ef fects of acute infectious diseases. Even making the thin fat. Here are seven men and twelve women, all physically normal, but all extraordinarily thin, and on insulin, the Journal of the Ameri can Medical Association reported this spring, growing plump. In ten weeks with insulin treatments the majority of them put on more than twelve pounds. One gained- thirty-one pounds, another twenty-four, another 20. After insulin was stopped, most of them held their weight during an observation period lasting from weeks to months, and some gained still more. In mental disease, too, they are finding insulin a strange aid. Lon don doctors have just reported that patients kept for a prolonged time under narcotics have im proved, but they found the nar cosis had a toxic effect; it set up a poison. Now in Cardiff City mental hos pital they are offsetting the toxin by using insulin in addition to the narcotic. All because Banting’s dogs cleared the mystery of Langer hans’ islands. Perils of Rum If William Does Any Drinking Now, He’ll Have to Stand. WILLIAM KELLER. 33, of 158 Douglass street, is sitting on a bias today. In fact, Keller is tempted to emulate the small boy who ate his meals from a mantel after a disciplinary session with father in the woodshed. And whenever Keller sits, slight ly favoring the right side, the act of taking a load off his feet is a sharp reminder not to buy whisky on credit in the future. Keller told police he was sitting on the porch of his home Tuesday night and was hailed from the sidewalk by a Negro whose first name is Melvin and who resides at 116 Douglass street. •'Hello, white man, 1 ’ said Mel vin. “When are you going to pay me that two bits for that drink you bought two months ago?" Melvin made it quite clear by his manner that he thought two months was a long time for bar credit. Keller said he told the Negro he would pay ‘as soon as he got the money.’’ This wasn’t soon enough for Melvin, and according to Keller, the Negro whipped out a knife and thrust at Keller. Keller ducked, but his leap wasn't com pletely successful. That's why Keller gets prac tically no relaxation today from sitting. ICE PRICE IS BOOSTED Companies Raise Cost From 40 to 50 Cents for 100 Pounds. Cost of retail ice in Indianapolis was raised from 40 to 50 cents for each 100 pounds Monday with most of the large ice plants participating in the boast. Wholesale price re mains at 30 cents a 100 pounds for orders of more than that weight and cents for lesser orders. Girl, 8, Killed Bv Auto GREENFIELD. July 12. - njuries received by Bessie Virginia Graves, 8, Greenfield, when she was struck by an automobile on U. S. Highway 40 near here late Tuesday proved fatal. The child stepped from behind a bus. STEEL KINGS MAY SUBMIT CODE TODAY Controversy Over Rules for Biggest Industry Is Believed Settled. JOHNSON WAITS ACTION Recovery Administrator Is Informed Fair Practice Regulations Ready. BY MARSHALL M NEIL Times Special Writer WASHINGTON. July 12. The steelmasters, lords of the greatest American industry, are prepared to regulate their business and submit a code of fair practices to the national industrial recovery admin istration. This flat announcement has been made by Administrator Hugh John son, and apparently means that the controversy within this industry, whose roaring furnaces have illu mined the gilded figures of the Morgans, the Carnegies, the Fricks, the Schwabs, has about ended. One point of difference, according to reports here, was over the pro posed legalization of "Pittsburgh plus” prices, that were ordered out lawed by the federal trade commis sion in 1924. The backbone of one draft of a proposed code for steel was this legalization, possible under the re covery law because industries agree ing to code which fix favorable hours of labor and wage levels for workers may be relieved of the pressure of the anti-trust law’s. Code Is Expected Today Whether the code Johnson ex pects today will retain this proposed legalization of "Pittsburgh plus” is not known. It was reported that when the recovery administration first learned of this proposal consid erable protest resulted. If the code, which administrator Johnson expects to represent 95 per cent of the industry, is presented today, it will be called up for hear ings on July 19. In the finding of fact upon which the federal trade commission based its cease-and-desist order of nine years ago, “Pittsburgh plus" was described as the formula used by steel companies to "sell . . . their . . . products manufactured at and shipped from their plants outside of the city of Pittsburgh at the said Pittsburgh base price plus an amount equivalent to what the rail road freight charges on said pro ducts W’ould be from Pittsburgh to the customer’s destination, if such products were actually shipped from- Pittsburgh.” Steel Rails Cause Dispute This system, the trade commission said, “necessarily restricts and fre quently extinguishes the market which freight rates would ordinarily determine. The effect of Pittsburgh plus prices greatly are aggravated in depressed business periods when manufacturers need additional busi ness the most.” Because some believe the long term maintenance of steel rail prices by steel companies will figure in the hearing on the industry’s code, it was recalled here that in 1919 Walker D. Hines, then director general of railroads, engaged in a hot controversy with the industrial board over these very costs. George N. Peek, now administra tor of the farm relief act, was with the industrial board then, and its ; approval of the pegged price for steel rails roused Hines into at least one scorching statement, following his refusal to buy rails at the ap proved figure. Eastman May Make Probe Further indication that Joseph Eastman, federal co-ordmator of railroads, migh look into the steel | rail price maintenance that he has j termed a “stupidity” has been ; given. A formal statement from his of flee said he was creating a “section ; of purchases” to deal with “such I matters as the standardization of I materials, supplies, and also equip ; ment, and with simplified practice ! and improvement in purchasing j methods generally ” WIDOW OF MURDERED CONVICT SURRENDERS Mrs. Frank Nash Reported Quizzed About Plane Flight. By United Prens ' KANSAS CITY, Mo., July 12. Mrs. Frank Nash, widow of the fed eral convict slain in the Union sta tion massacre June 11, surrendered I here today to government agents. She was held on a charge of ob structing justice. It was understood agents wer® questioning her in regard to the re ported flight of an airplane from Hot Spring, Ark., where Nash was captured, to Joplin, Mo., the night preceding the massacre. A woman and child were reported to have been aboard the plane. The assumption was that Mrs. Nash conferred at Joplin with Herb Farmer, now in custody here on a charge of obstructing justice. It was a telephone call from the Farmer home here that identified | the latter as the man behind the machine gune. SUES FOR GUARDIAN Florsheim Heir Mentally Incom petent, Is Charge of Wife. By 1 nited Frau LOS ANGELES, July 12—A suit to appoint a guardian for Charles B. Florsheim, heir to a St. Louis shoe fortune, on the grounds he is mentally incompetent has been filed by his wife, Mrs. Clara Florsheim. j Florsheim has become obsessed i with a belief that he is a prominent executive and elaborately arranges for clerks and salesmen, Mrs. Flor i sheim’s petition claimed. Florsheim receives S2OO a month I from his father's estate and soon i will inherit other sums from his mother's estate, she added.