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The Indianapolis Times I A SCRirrH-IIOWAHD NEWSPAPER > BOT TV. HOWARD Pm<dnt TALCOTT ROWELL . Editor E.VHL D. BAKER Business Manager Rhone—Riley S>ml tr * .' a 7‘ ' *!•'** J 0 <J* Ot’■* lA'jht ant the Propl* Will FI n4 Thrlr Own Wow MemLtfr of L'nlted Pre**, ikrlpp* - JU'iwiri Newpap?r Alllan'-e. Newpap.r Enter prise Aftftociatio.i. New* paper Information Service and Au dit Bureau of Circulation*. Owned nd published dally (cicept Sunda/ lj 'lb* la d:anapoll Timet Publishing Cos.. 214.220 IVwt Maryland * tract. Indlanapolla. Ind. Prl'c In Marion county. 2 cent* a copy; cU*‘b* , re, 3 rent*—delivered by carrier. 12 rent* a Mnfl ■ übs'-rip tlon rate* in Indiana. SC a year; outside of Indiana. 05 cents a month. •SATT'RDAY. ADO. 10, 1933 POLITICS BEHIND RACKETS 'T'HE most important development in the racketeering hearings so far is the charge made *by District Attorney Medalie and Justice Kemochan of New Yonc that the persistence of gangsters is due large ly to their protection by corrupt politicians. Mr. Medalie said: "In almost every large city, racketeers and gangsters are part of the machinery of municipal control. Not until politics is* divorced from municipal control will you get rid of the gangster and the racketeer ’’ Judge Kernochan said: “Racketeers would be given a tremendous blow if in some way the protection of the district leaders could be taken from them. They contribute to cam paign funds and sometimes solicit funds- for district leaders." These facts have been well known to students of crime and municipal politics for years It is fortunate that Senator Cope land's investigation has enabled them to make the headlines. It is futile to pass the buck to city police and attack them for inefficiency and venality. Granted that they are guilty at times, police hardly can be expected to rise superior to the# overlords in the city organization. As James P Kirbv of the Cleveland Press explained to the Princeton conference on politics: "It is the politicians on the bench, in the prosecutor's office, and in the council cham bers in our great cities—to their shame—who have set the pace which the policeman follows. The most insidious influence existing today is the political influence which ties the hands of the honest policeman.” To the protection given gangsters by crooked politicians is added that oflered by unscrupulous but clever lawyers. Politicions and lawyers are not responsible for the ex istence of the majority of these anti-social types, but they do provide a major obstacle to ridding the country of criminals and racketeers. 1 - END SWEATSHOPS npilE strike of 60,000 New York dress and waist workers is not a strike in the usual sense of that word, but a walkout shared in by many manufacturers to test whether the barbarous system of sweatshops shall longer endure. It is not surprising, therefore, that federal recovery administration officials are agreeing with the union leaders and with the reputable manufacturers supporting the movement that the sweatshops are doomed. The sweatshop system of driving human labor endless hours in insanitary work places at pay insufficient to keep body and soul together is abhorrent to virtually every human being, even to all those who. generally unknowingly, buy the sweatshop products at bargain prices. Sweatshops, the enemy of thousands ground down in them, are the enemy of prosperity. They are the hideaways of industrial suicide. Tlie strike of the 60.000 In particular Is directed against the middleman of the industry, the jobber, the grand abettor of the sweatshop evil. The merchant, wanting the lowest priced garment, arranges with the Jobber to supply him a certain number at a certain price. The Joober goes shopping among the 2.500 manufacturers. If the manufacturers stickle for a good price the jobber puts on the clamps, saying. "Yes. I know about your labor contract, but do you want the order?” If he does not. the jobber tries others, and ultimately may go to the sweatshops, where there are no labor contracts and where the ogre of starvation drives people to work for any price they can get. In this way, under the murderous competition of the depression, wages have been cut to the lowest possible minimum. The dress Industry has been almost demoralized. Union leaders say that the workers receive as low as 32 cents for making a dress that retails for $6. The jobbers do not employ the labor and so escape responsibility, thus serving as a buffer to the conscience of the dealers, who do not dicker with the con tractors. In this process even- one except the jobber suffers in the end, even the people who buy the dresses. The unions are out to obtain shorter hours and better pay. But they mainly seek to cornpe* the jobbers to assume responsibility for the pay and conditions in the shops that do their work. The recovery administration, we believe, is in a position if not to put an end to the evil, then to reduce its prevalence to a high degree. Fortunately, General Johnson, in Wash ington. and Grover Whalen. New York recovery chief, are showing vigorous Interest in the mam object of the strike—the perpetual doom of the sweatshop. KIRA IS CONSTITUTIONAL TOURING the last five months, the Amer ican people have learned that the legis lative branches of their government can func tion swiftly and adequately in tune of dire need. This week they have reason to hope that perhaps the judicial branch can do equally well. The District of Columbia supreme court on Wednesday heard oil men argue for an injunction against Secretary of Interior Ickes "hot oil" orders on the ground that the recovery act is unconstitutional. On the same day, Justice Joseph W. Cox denied the request. He said. “Congress has declared that there is a national emergency and has granted the President broad powers to meet this emergency. In times of emer- gency. even the Constitution is subject to the laws of necessity.” A judicial decision at this time stopping In its tracks the recovery program, on which the hope of the nation depends, might have had results too terrible to contemplate. The people are determined that this plan of President Roosevelt's to end the horror of the four futile years shall be tried. A judicial system so knotted in red tape, so befogged by precedents of the past that it only could hamper democratic government's fight for life would bear the responsibility if that fight were lost. The great co-operative effort of. a people to save popular government expresses the spirit of the American Constitution if any thing ever did. A judiciary able to see this fact offers Its great promise of success. ‘THE LITTLE FELLOW HELPS’ ONE of the things the National Recovery Act seems destined to do is make a straight-out test of the comparative degrees or social responsibility and public spirit pos sessed by small industries and large ones. So far, it must be admitted that most cf the palms have been won by the little fellows. Speaking generally, it is the little fellow who lyis shown the greater readiness to sign up under the blue eagle. Drive down any business street you like, in big city or in small town, and you will see that heartening banner prominently displayed in the windows of small shops, little restaurants, tinv garages, and small-scale manufacturing establishments. The little business man has come forward with a gratifying promptness—and. for the most part, he has been scrupulous in living up to the terms of his agreement. Unfortunately, not quite as much can be said for the big fellow. This is not said to take anything away from those giant concerns which already have lined up with NRA policies. Many have done so. and their action has been in the highest degree praiseworthy. But many of them, unfortunately, have not; and the headaches suffered’by NRA offi cials at Washington have arisen chiefly De cause some of the biggest industries in the land have shown themselves surprisingly stiff necked about It. Now it hasn't been an easy thing for the little follow to get his blue eagle. In many cases it is more of a sacrifice for him to raise wages and shorten working hours than it is for the big fellow, for the simple reason that labor costs are proportionately larger on his budget than they are on the big fellow’s. The chap who runs, for instance, a corner shoe repair shop, and boosts the number of his workers from two to three under the NRA code, is quite likely to have to operate at a loss for a time. If he does, the money must come right out of his own pocket, and not out of a pile of cash reserves tucked away in some bank. Yet it is the little fellow who seems to be leading the way right now. He hasn't talked indignantly about constitutional limitations, or his time-honored open shop policies, or his duty to his stockholders. He has rolled up his sleeves and gone In there to pitch, and he has done it without much coaxing. If large-scale industry wants to justify its dominant position in America, it must dem onstrate that it possesses social conscience in the same measure as the little fellow possesses it- \ A NEW DEAL FOR CUBA TT would be a great mistake to assume that A the worst of Cuba’s troubles are over just because Machado has been kicked out. Before Cuba can get permanently on the way to good government and economic health, there must be a pretty extensive readjustment of the relations which exist between that na tion and the United States. Independent in name. Cuba actually has been a protectorate, an economic dependency, of the United States ever since the war with Spain. It is worth remembering that Ma chado remained in office with Washington's approval; it also is worth remembering that the island's economic life was ruined very largely because of the attitude of certain American business and financial interests. Our administration is duty bound to de velop anew deal for Cuba: it must find some way in which Cuha's freedom can be a genu ine thing and not just an empty word. STRANGER THAN FICTION 'T'HE freakish ways in which criminals sometimes are brought to book can. oc casionally. outdo the most far-fetched inven tions of the novelist. Consider, for example, the way in which the government was able to round up the Harvey Bailey gang in Texas. Young Charles F. Urschel. Oklahoma oil man, was kidnaped and held prisoner in a Texas farmhouse. He had no idea where he was. but he noticed that every morning and even.’ evening an airplane flew over the house. One morning it failed to show up. So. when he was freed, and had told his story, it was a simple matter for the detectives to find out what airplane line was involved, to dis cover just what deviation in the scheduled flight had taken place on that particular morning, and. in that way, to locate the neighborhood in which Urschel had been held prisoner. A dangerous bandit gang rounded up be cause an airplane had to make a detour one day to avoid bad weather—would any novelist dare invent anything as far-fetched as that? Boston professor says the average man could get along nicely by the use of only 500 words. You will notice, however, that he did not include the average woman. Jimmy Walker homesick, says a report from France. Strange! He wasn't homesick when he was mayor of New York—and he wasn't home much then, either. Girl evangelist in Chicago preaches at city's beaches in scanty bathing suit, prob ably on the theory that her hearers want the bare truth. Two Indiana state prison inmates sus pended Irony the baseball team because they were caughtMrylng to escape over a wall at night. the old rules: Over the fence Is outjmpA NO TIME FOR INTOLERANCE T TGLY rumor? have been floating around to alarm both Catholic and Jewish residents. Usually reliable citizens say that remnants of The Ku-Klux Klan are busy again, busy form ing the Silver Shirts." or the "Blue Shirts.” dedicated to the Hitlerite idea of "national purity.” America !s no place for intolerance. The Ku-Klux Klan learned that. This is no time for intolerance. If the rumors are true, those behind the movement soon will learn that also. Thousands of Catholic and Jewish resi dents have brought credit and honor to Indi ana and to Indianapolis. The Ku-Klux Klan and organizations of its type have brought only shame and disgrace. That is all those organizations ever can bring to a community. America needs co-operation and fellowship —not intolerance, prejudice, and viciousness. CHICAGO WAKES UP HICAGO apparently means business in its war on crime. Gangsters, racketeers and hoodlums, accustomed to lax prosecutions, long delays, and to bargaining for light sen tences. are discovering to their amazement that quick trials and maximum sentences now are the rule. Half a dozen judges have given up sum mer vacations to help clean up the crowded criminal dockets. The country will hope that the present exhibition of activity in Chicago is not just another flash in the pan. Chicago’s law lessness has been a national disgrace, and a challenge to democratic government. The city has been the pivot of crime or ganized on a national scale. And while there can be nothing but ap plause for Chicago’s brave acts and prom ises, it might not be amiss to wonder why the efficacy of such methods was not discov ered before a condition of veritable anarch}' developed. In the first case of its kind, three em ployes of a Chicago race track have been given prison sentences for doping horses. Race track fans can testify, however, that this is not the first time race horse dope proved all wrong. We don’t know what the members of these nudist colonies plan to wear when cold weather comes, but probably it will be suits of< cellophane. y Department of agriculture scientists report farmers are suffering severely from destructive pests this year. Do they refer to city pic nickers? Crime experts meeting in New York sug gested that hardened young convicts be lashed regularly at the whipping post. Well, that’s one way of keeping 'em in stripes. We predict success for Cuba's new presi dent, Cespedrs, whose name is pronounced “Thess-pay-days.” How can a politician with a name like that fail in times like these? Few of the world's great adventures have beeen bald, remarked a historian. Probably because they went in so strong for hair-raising stuff. There's really nothing new in this NRA suggestion that women are entitled to men's pay. Wives have gone on that theory all along. Postmaster-General Farley served water melon to newspapermen at his press confer ence the other day. Evidently bent upon giving the reporters an earfuL M.E.TracySays: THE Roosevelt administration has done a good job in readjusting our industrial situa tion. Through the adoption of codes, the short ening of hours, and the increase of wages, it has placed the country in a position to provide more work at better pay. In spite of a few disagreements, business, both big and small, has accepted the plan with reassuring enthusiasm. The real test, however, remains to be met. When all is said and done, the success of this program depends on what average people are willing to spend, not only for necessities, but for improvements and luxuries. Increased buying power will accomplish little unless it is utilized, and that is a matter of inspiration. Increased consumption, especially in the field of convenience and pleasure, can not be brought about by technological control, yet increased consumption in that field is absolutely essential to recovery. Modern industry is a by-product of the desire for improvements. If people only bought what they needed, half of our commercial and manu facturing enterprises would go out of existence. nan IT takes a mountain of chewing gum. cos metics. candy, sporting goods, and other decorative or recreational accessories to keep this country going. Also it takes oceans of beer and belly-wash. Probably two-thirds of our automobiles are operated exclusively for pleas ure. The movies furnish employment for hundreds of thousands of people. Golf, baseball, football, prize fights, and wrestling matches are all neces sary to keep people at work. But—and this is the point to keep in mind—we could curtail such activities if we had to and they will be cur tailed if the increased buying power made possi ble through the recovery plan is not employed effectively and wholeheartedly. In this respect, the problem of recovers’ is largely psychological, it goes right back to the attitude of average people, to such simple ques tions as whether they will buy new shoes when they can afford to or get old ones half-soled: whether they will put their surplus earnings into thrift accounts, or squander some on lux uries and amusements; whether they will buy when prices go up. or wait for bargains. a a a WE face the task of overcoming not only the economic effects of depression, but the habit of thought which it has cultivated the fear, the disposition to skimp, the blighting in fluence of having to live from hand to mouth. That phase of recovery is beyond regulation. We can persuade or coerce employers into adoption of codes, reduction of working time, and increase of wages. We can oblige them to put blue eagles in their windows, or suffer the consequence. But it won't do any good unless the public does its full share in purchasing goods at ad vanced prices, unless the old spirit of progress, hope, and ambition returns. The government has formulated a workable plan, but the people most carry it out. The only way to restore and maintain mass buying power is through mass spending. This does not mean that we should be foolishly ex travagant or improvidently wasteful, but that are must put aside the thought of hoarding or playing safe while other people take risks. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES (Timet readert are Invited to express their vines in these columns. Make j/oiir Limit them to 2',0 words or less.) letters short, so all can have a chance. By Arnold Johnson. In reply to the communication of William Alexander in the Message Center a few days ago, I want to say that I have enjoyed the privi lege of hunting and fishing along many Indiana streams and have a fisherman’s acquaintance with some of the streams mentioned in your articles, ‘Stream Pollution in Indi ana.’ I read them with must interest and thought them timely and fair. It has been a great pleasure for me to entertain in my home many of my upstate and downstate friends who had given me the freedom of their creek banks and farms and in many cases these new acquaintances developed into personal and confi dential friendships and not in a single case was it ever insinuated that I was a nuisance, a property destroyer or howler. I have such friends in Scott county, from which place I just have returned from a hunting trip and where I have been a frequent visitor for the last ten years, and from observation and contact with persons in that vicinity I can say that the article on pollution of Muscatatuck river west of Austin is so mild that one winders how the writer held himself in such restraint. Alexander’s letter provoked both frivolous and indignant comment among the sufferers of this flagrant violation of human sensibilities. He states that he lived on that ditch at one time, “well, just one time is enough.” Let him tell us when he lived on that stink ditch how long and why he moved. I would also like to know' the name of that neigh bor who now lives along that ditch who has not at some time to some one in some manner made complaint against either the condition of the water or the offensive odor coming from that ditch. But to satisfy yourself, Just turn west off State Road 31 in Austin and take the Royce Bridge road for a two or three-minute drive. You need not stop to locate this ditch— you w'ili not have to. neither will you want to. One whiff will con vince you that The Times did qot tell half. Farmers west of Austin have been crying for relief for years, but all in vain and when a paper like The Times has the courage to assist in righting this abuse of civic toler ance against that patient commu nity the full and absolute facts should be had to discredit such let ters as Alexander’s. This I* tbe second of two articles on cyanosis, or blueness of tbe skin. WHENEVER the skin and mu cous membrane of the body ! turn blue, due. to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood, the condition is called cyanosis. In severe cases it may affect the entire body, but in mild cases it i will be seen particularly on the skin over the cheek bones, under the fingernails and in the mucous mem branes of the lips, i. There are other cases in which merely the circulation of one part of the body is affected and in which only that part will have the pecu liar blue color. ! Th? blue color is due to the fact the hemoglobin, or red coloring matter of the blood, can not be com bined with a sufficient amount of oxygen. Conditions in which a sufficient amount of oxygen will not be found THE most evil thing in our ap proach to the divorce problem is the levity with which we re gard it. It may. as some believe, be an achievement to have freed ourselves from hidebound concepts of mar riage. but it is a worse slavery to have sold ourselves the idea that divorce is an enterprise in hap piness. * Asa usual thing, men and women better their conditions very little by traveling the Reno route. They actually do not obtain peace and contentment or ecstasy Dy breaking up their homes, although there often are exceptions to the rule. So far as the husband and wife themselves are concerned, one or several divorces can make little dis Speaking of Surplus Crops — > HOW A,e>OUT plowig omdep \ 0 x GOLD E DROP Ajp HJ RAGWEED? „ roe : : The Message Center : : I wholly disapprove of what you say and will defend to the death your right to say it.—Voltaire =- Cyanosis Due to Oxygen Lack in Blood : : A Woman’s Viewpoint : : =’BY MRS. WALTER FERGUSON” -e^. 1 — Unfair Practice Bv Times Reader. IT does not seem fair that drug gists should require their soda boys and errand boys to take out applications for apprentice phar macists, thereby making them professional help and not subject to NRA regulations. My son is one of such and his application fee will cost him $1 and he never intends to be a druggist in any sense of the word. He is a senior in Shortridge this term and has worked for this one man since October, 1931. He was getting $4 a week and last week got a big raise to $4.80, and now. to evade the issue, he is going to be classed as “profes sional” help, when, as a matter of fact, he is a soda clerk, jani tor. delivery boy, and what have you. It seems to me that something ought to be done about the mat ter. If The Times is seriously chal lenged on the article regarding pol lution of Muscatatuck west of Austin, I can give you names where you can get the facts and also some facts regarding sewage disposal in the town of Austin, which will scorch the scum from Alexander’s eyes. Bv Walter C. Rnthermel. A person signing himself “A Reader of The Times and Fairness” recently wrote an article to you for publica tion in the reader’s column. In that article, this person claimed to be interested in reducing governmental expenditures in the city of Indian apolis. To this person. I wish to communicate, especially, and say that if any one ever exposed his ignorance to the public at large, "Fairness” did and certainly made an A-l rating in the class of ig norant. self-centered community pikers. The police and firemen did not have their wages reduced because of a lack of dollar for dollar return in service. I am not a Democrat, but I' know and these men know that our mayor resisted to the last, be fore he reduced the pay of these gentlemen. He knows and any other person of open mindedness knows what these men encounter in risk of their lives while performing the duty of safeguarding life and limb and public health and properties. We also know, or at least may arrive at a close figure, as to ex penses that must be borne by these men to maintain their equipment and live a life while on duty that will elevate the moral of men work ing under such circumstances. BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIX Editor Journal of the American Medi cal Association of Hv*eia. the Health Magazine. are the cases of people who live at high altitudes and who do not get enough oxygen into the blood by way of the lungs, people who have disturbances of the lungs wliich prevent circulation of the blood in the small air spaces and conditions in which the flow of blood in the lungs is very rapid. In some cases of congenital heart disease, the blood passes directly from the veins to the arteries with out circulating through the lungs and fails to be oxygenated by pro per passage through the lungs. There are other cases in which the tissues of the body demand ex cess amounts of oxygen, as in the presence of severe over-exercise, in which blueness may result. ference. We can afford to overlook the results upon their characters. But we no longer can afford to think about those results in the lives of American children. We soothe ourselves with the opinion that quarreling, bitter adults living to gether are a worse influence upon the young than having been reared in half a home. This, in fact, is our strongest sales talk for divorce. But I am be ginning to doubt its truth. May it not be another of those palliatives w’e like to apply to a sore con science? 8 0 8 AT any rate, a recent survey of Juvenile delinquency shows that a very large per cent of chil-' Their duties can not be compared to those or a laboring man or an office man. The latter will not en counter the risk of the former. Who was it that contributed the greater part of the relief to un fortunates in the past? It was the police and firemen and they were not reimbursed in money for it either. They should be reimbursed in expressions of gratitude and reso lutions of confidence, they should be assured by the citizens of this great city that we will do our ut most to prohibit any further reduc tion in salary and that we wll sup port any issue that will tend to restore past salary reductions. You. Mr. “Fairness,” no doubt, some day will see the time when these police or firemen or both will be ready at your call, to preserve your property or life, or rather to save the same from injury or total destruction arid it probably will not be until then that you will realize your error and gross injustice to these servants, whom I call gentle men. By H. S. Bonsib. As to the liquor question, I am for all suasions; moral suasion for the drinker; mental suasion for the thinker, because, if he would use his thinker, he wouldn’t be a drinker; legal suasion for the law forsaker and prison suasion for the statute breaker. But here is one thing all should unite on—that is the pledge “Total abstinence." Here is A PLEDGE—God being my helper. I, the undersigned, pledge myself to abstain from using intoxicating drinks as a beverage, wine and beer included, and to en courage others to do the same. Name Address Date If all would be induced to sign such a pledge and keep it, there would be no further need of any legislation on this question. Since the wets say they believe in tem perance, but not in prohibition, I ask them to come across if they are sincere. What say you in signing and keeping such a pledge. Wets, let’s hear from you. All the trouble is caused by the drinker, and not the sober man. So They Say The more speeches I made, the wetter the country became, so I de cided to beat it home while the beating was good. “Pussyfoot” Johnson, prohibition lecturer, re turning from tour of northwest. People who are severely anemic and who have a small amount of hemoglobin in the blood, may de velop the blueness of the skin. The tyueness is in itself an ex ceedingly important symptom and always is looked for by the physi cian. If it is found, he attempts to explain it by studying various tissues and organs. First the patient is examined for the presence of abscess of the lung, diphtheria, foreign bodies which have gotten into the breathing tube obstructing it. and disturbances cf the larynx, such as inflammation or paralysis. Whenever these conditions are present and associated with blue ness and asphyxiation, the physi cian will endeavor to relieve the cyanosis by at once removing the obstruction. dren haled into court are from broken homes. Divorce. I believe, should be made as easy, as simple, as honest as possible, but we soon must begin some sort of educational campaign to instruct adults in the evil re sults of their behavior, which often is so actuated by nothing more no ble than sordid selfishness. If we do not begin widespread and intelligent efforts to keep homes intact, w? shall be obliged to adopt the Soviet plan—make the govern ment instead of the parent respon sible for the child. We dare not go on much -longer with our slipshod methods. The children must be saved at all costs. AUG. 19. 1933 It Seems to Me BY HEITYOOD BROUN —-Jj New YORK. Aug. 19 —Some of the most severe critics of NRA are gentlemen who have taken the trouble neither to read the law it self nor to heed the repeated in terpretations offered at newspaper conferences bv General Hugh S. Johnson. At a recent session one of the re porters mentioned the fact that a Mr Cook, in the coal business, had declared that, while he would be pleased to meet Jchn L. Lewis, the : nlon leader, socially, he never would permit him io enter any of . hi? plants to bargain on behalf of the workers The General replied: “It says in the law that in collective bargaining the employes shall have the right to be represented by representatives of their own choosrig. Under the code if they chose the devi! Mr. Cook would have to talk to him.” 8 0S Plain and Simple THAT should be plain enough. and yet there is confusion. The Now York Evening Post, in commenting on the steel mens re fusal to sit in conference with Wil liam Green, representative of the labor advisory board, says: “It registered the refusal of the employer to let organized labor cloak itself with the Blue Eagle as a weapon to use the emergency as a means toward universal unioniza tion. We question Mr. Green's tact or fairness in trying to play the double role of government official and union chief. The steel men were well within their rights tn de clining to deal w'th him." The Post may like or dislike the National Recover}’ Act, but it is nonsense to say that the steel men are within their rights in refusing to talk with a representative ap pointed by the President of the United States. The employers in this industry are in open revolt against our government. They are seeking to carry the same lawless ness which has obtained in com pany towns into the corridors of the capitol of the nation. I hate violence, and I am not always in favor of coercion, but I would like to see the militia called out to tell the steel barons to move on. The recovery act will amount to very little if a key industry is allowed to throw a monkey wrench into the machinery. Under the Eagle the closed, or union, shop is not guaranteed. In deed. if it were the administrators would have to go out in some cases and organize a union themselves. There is. to cite one instance, no union of any consequence for news paper reporters. But the law dis tinctly says that the right of work ers to form unions for the purpose of collective bargaining shall not be abridged in any code. a a a Wap It Will Work WHETHER it was within the intent of the measure I do not profess to know, but NRA is a weapon to use as a moans of uni versal unionization. Some of the labor leaders, particularly the more radical ones, have been very slow to realize l this. They have been too busy fighting individual injustices under the act to realize its enor mous potentialities for grow*h of the labor movement. As far as I can see. the man who has grasped the true inwardness of the Eagle most completely is John L. Lewis. His leadership often has been assailed. I am not in a posi tion to pass upon the justice of the many criticisms aimed against him. I always have lumped him in with other A. F. of L. chiefs as reaction ary and inactive. But within the last few months he has added some thing like 100.000 members to his union. I think that any person with two feet six inches’ worth of vision can realize that the National Recovery Act is not an emergency measure. It will be renew-ed. and in more drastic form. Industries with w’eak unions or none at all will get very little under any code. 0 8 8 Labor Has Its Chance LABOR, if it has the gumption. can profit far more under the Eagle than the employing class And yet the employing class has something to save if it only had the imagination to comprehend it. One of the most encouraging signs that the United States is still viable is the coming of strikes and the promise of strikes. An absence of labor disputes does not Indicate good times. It is the sign and symbol of death and stag nation. There were very few strikes dur ing the depth of the depression. Labor unions were licked. Leaders realized that in many industries it was quite impossible to win a strike, because the employer In all too many cases would lose a little less by shutting up shop and sus pending operations. Now there is something to fight for. But, paradoxical as it may seem, the employing class can not afford to win strikes at the present time. Every time a strike is broken purchasing power go->s down. It generally is assumed that the steel magnates are hard, cruel, and rapacious but that they know their business. They are hard, cruel, and rapacious, and they don't know the first thing about their business. The only thing that can save them and their industry from ruin ation is to have some agent of the Eagle get them In a room and knock their heads together. And the harder, the better (Copyright. 1933. by The Tlme*> The Great War BY KEN'VETII R. SHAFFER Yes. I remember the Great War: I mast have been six years old then. Or younger, perhaps. I remember the huge drums. The glittering swords . . the muffled tread of marching men. The officers ' Galloping and sidling on their horses. The khaki. The trumpets. The endless magnificence of the artillery parade. The endless olive drab and polished brass. Oft, it was a fine war! I remember It clearly.