Newspaper Page Text
The Indianapolis Times (A RCRirrS-HOWARD JiEWSPAPKB ) HOT W. HOWARD . Pr>l‘Jent TALCOTT POWELL ... Editor KAKL D. BAKER Baslne** Manager I'bone—Riley 5V,i F' " * •A Member of United Pre*, Reripp* - Jl r 'Wrd New*piper Alliance. New*pap<r Enter prise A'eaciatlon. Newspaper Information Serrlre and Au dit Bureau of Circulations. Owned and pubilahed dally (except Sunday* by The In dianapolis Tim -* .'ublishinsr Cos., 214-120 West Maryland street. Indianapolis, Ind. Price In Marion county. 2 cents a copy; elsewhere, 3 cents —delivered by carrier. 12 cents a week. Mail subscrip tion rates In Indiana, f-'i a year: outside of Indiana, 65 cents a month. <*'**- *o Oit LfyM and the People Will Fin* Their Own Way TUESDAY. SEPT. 5. 1933. BLUE EAGLE RAILROADS 'T'HE Roosevelt administration has appealed to the country's railroads to help in its re-employment campaign. The railroads, which already are beginning to feel the bene ficial effect of the New Deal, can not refuse to co-operate. Joseph Eastman, federal co-ordinator of railroads, points out that railroads can not ccme under NIRA, as such, but that they can, and should, apply the principles of the blue eagle law. First, they can provide increased employ ment by bringing their maintenance of way, equipment, and structures up to date. “There is so much deferred maintenance and other work,” Co-ordinator Eastman told railway presidents and labor leaders, “which sorely needs to be done that this not only will help the country, but be the soundest of economy.” The federal public works administration is empowered to make loans to railroads for maintenance, but thus far no application for a loan from these funds has been filed. Second, railroad managements in confer ence with labor can adjust working schedules to “establish in fact at least an eight-hour day.” This plan, too, would provide more jobs. There are, in normal times, approximately 1,750,000 railroad workers. Now about 750,000 are unemployed. As labor leaders have shown, It. is not feasible to expect other industries, as they come under the blue eagle, to absorb these men. The railroads themselves should re-employ most of them. HITLER’S RACE MYTH TF Herr Hitler deliberately had set out to prove the irreconcilable contrast between the traditional ideals of the United States and the Nazi policies of Germany he could not have done a better job than in his closing speech to the Nurenberg convention. He was talking to Germans, and not to Americans, but the significance of Hitlerism as he expounded it will not be lost to Amer ican readers. He presented three ideals for a nation: First was purity of race. Purity of race as Herr Hitler uses that phrase simply does not exist. What the Nazi pleases to call the Germanic race is a mixture. The purest race is the Hitler-hated Jewish race, because of its enforced isolation in many countries and through many centuries; but even among the Jews there has been constant alien mixture of strains. Assuming that there were so-called pure northern races, the idea of perpetuating them would be contrary to the American ideal. From the beginning our country has been a melting pot. Not only our blood, but our Institutions and culture, flow from many sources. Hitler's second ideal is the selection of po litical leaders from descendants of the imag inary pure blood forefathers of the nation. His third proposition is that democracy has failed because It defied this ideal. This is fantastic. Herr Hitler would find the “purest” American blood, according to his standard, among the poor whites in illit erate mountain pockets. Incidentally, he would find them Just as intolerant as he is. To limit the powers of government to any race, or color, or creed is not only repugnant to Americanism, but to the civilization pro duced by Europe in its long, slow climb from barbarism. In more ways than one, Hitlerism is a reversion to a lower level of civilization. THRIFT. RECREATION, CRIME AT present there is much excitement about public economy and also concerning suppression of crime. These two major social objectives of today often conflict. In no way is their opposition more evident than in cur rent attitudes toward curtailing national, state and local contributions to recreation for children. This is an important point, since it is"“a well-established fact: (1) That the great ma jority of first offenders today fall between 16 and 21 in age level and (2> that no item is more powerful in reducing juvenile crime than adequate facilities for well-directed recreation on the part of American youth. Our cities, for example, present a curious and dangerous Inconsistency when they se verely curtail appropriations for recreation and at the same time bewail the growth of crime. The National Recreation Association has summarized admirably the essential facts and principles involved: Children must, should and will play. For the current generation of children there can be no postponement—for them it is now or never. Under modem urban conditions, public provision has to be made if children are to have proper opportunity for play. Not only their happiness, but their safety, health, or ganic development and character are in volved. -Recreation of a wholesome type is needed today as never before, especially for the un employed who have so much enforced leisure on their hands. Idle, with a resulting tendency toward low morale, with no resources to buy the diversion offered by commercial recreation, the large number of unemployed adults pe culiarly need the resources of public recrea tion. “This is especially true of young adults, full of life and rigor, undisciplined by previous work experience, disappointed in their rightful hope and expectation of jobs. Through with school, without occupation, they are exposed acutely to anti-social forces and other de teriorating temptations of Idleness. “Idleness is, and always has been, danger ous and expensive. Recreation is no substi tute for work, but it can and does help tre mendously. “Budgets for public recreation are small— they present opportunities for only trifling savings as compared to the social value of the services they supply. “Greater tax costs are probable if recrea tion is eliminated or .too severely reduced. Not only are human values of happiness, safe ty, morale, character and the like at stake. Decreased expenditure for recreation will in volve increase in taxes to maintain jails, re formatories, prisons, asylums and hospitals. “The chairman of the national crime com mission has said, ‘lf we expended one-half of the money spent to deal with criminals on playgrounds, with facilities for the normal expression of these warped lives, we would not have half as many people go into prison.’ “Because of considerations like these, many communities have extended their public recreation services, and many emergency re lief commissions for the unemployed have found it necessary to establish and support recreation activities as part of their essential service to the unemployed. “Taxpayers—who also are human beings and often parents—and tax-appropriating bodies face today heavy burdens and diffi cult decisions. No hasty and ruthless slashing of budgets can be wise. “The times call for cuts, but they also call for care, for thought, for discrimination, for a careful weighing of the social value of the services involved as well as of costs.” These are considerations full of fact and sense. The quantitative aspects of the issue are eloquent. The annual cost of crime and rackets in the United States today is, at a minimum estimate, some $12,000,000,000. If doubling all formal recreational expen ditures would cut the crime bill by even one tenth, it would be the best investment which any public unit from the federal government to the city ward is making in our day. And the monetary burden of crime is not the only consideration. There is the human factor of danger, death, 'suffering and sorrow. It is a truism of modern criminology that crime prevention is the only vitally hopeful item in e campaign for crime repression. The element, of adequate recreational facilities can not be left out of the picture in any com prehensive program of crime prevention. PROFITEERS, BEWARE rpwo things are necessary to make the New Deal a passable success. One is enthusias tic support of the ideals of Mr. Roosevelt and his more forward-looking advisers. The Presi dent needs encouragement in the face of the mutterings and double-crossings of the pirates and profiteers who reluctantly have given lip loyalty to his program. The second necessity is a frank analysis of apparent defects in the New Deal W’hich will facilitate revision before it is too late. The best comment of this sort which has ap peared recently is an article by John T. Flynn on “The New Partnership,” in Common Sense. After expressing his admiration for the per sonal idealism of our President and the gen eral aspirations of the economic planners, he examines into how far the NRA measures up to the conceptions embodied in the planning proposals of even Professor Tugwell. There is no more competent writer on American economic and financial conditions than Mr. Flynn, so we may take his criticisms with appropriate seriousness. Mr. Flynn finds that the great danger in the NRA, as at present conceived and admin istered, is its failure to curb profits to such de gree as is necessary to assure adequate pur chasing power and sufficient consumption to get the capitalistic system on its feet. The fact that too great a proportion of the social income was drained off in profits, at the expense of workers and farmers, before 1929 led us into the collapse of that year. Mr. Flynn fears that unless such far-reaching re visions are made in the NRA as practice and experience require, the best that we can expect is the delay of sweeping business collapse which inevitably will lead to a worse disinr tegration of capitalism. The fair-minded exponents of economic planning, from George Soul to Rexford G. Tugwell, had in mind a plan W’hich W’ould be the result of the collaboration of all eco nomic groups and w T ould “comprehend a con trol of w’ages, interest, production, prices, labor conditions, industrial operations and profits, “The NRA provides for a type of planning which is solely the product of the employer class and merely allows labor and the con sumer to protest—with no assurance that their protests will have much weight.” If we are to have a true social co-partner ship, the plan can not be allowed overwhelm ingly to favor either employer or worker. It must be something which will allow all of us to sink or swim together. The consumers—the largest of all groups— are in an even weaker position than labor. They are unorganized and woefully and in adequately represented. Very important and ominous indeed is the fact that there is no provision whatever for the systematic control of profiteering. Hence, when the employers forget their contrite spirit and reform resolutions of the dark days from 1929 to 1933. we might have a period of price skyrocketing which will wreck the whole NRA program. Most fundamental, the trouble with the NRA is that it savors of the old-fashioned “scarcity economy,” and aims to solve our eco nomic problems by curbing production rather than by stimulating consumption. “It moves on the problem from the wrong direction. It proceeds upon the theory that we must curtail production instead of expand ing consumption. It still is under the domin ion of that false and dangerous notion that we grow too much wheat and cotton and make too many shoes and too much clothing and too many homes for this country. “We do not produce enough houses for our millions of workers to live in. They must exist in the cast-off hovels of other men. We do not produce enough suits of clothes for half our male population. In 1929—0ur biggest year—we turned out twenty million suits of clothes in a nation that needed fifty millions." David Lamar, “the Wolf of Wall Street,” has been arrested. Probably some NRA en thusiast who took him for a wolf on a door step. NRA AND THE COURT IN the little semi-circular room at the Cap itol in Washington, where sit the nine black-robed Justices of the supereme court of the United States, there probably will appear eventually zealous lawyers protesting consti tutionality of the new deal. They will argue that the National Recovery Act denies them the due process of law guar anteed by the Constitution. These lines of attack have been repulsed in the lower couits; but they probably will be pursued into the quiet of that small chamber in the Capitol where so many of our laws actually are made. Extraordinary national conditions have re sulted in extraordinary enactments since March 4. Attorney-General Homer Cummings is convinced that none of these is extra-legal. “The life, letter and integrity of the Consti tution have not been impaired,” he told the American Bar Association. These new laws have not modified the Constitution, as Donald R. Richberg, general counsel for NRA, has pointed out; nor are there any constitutional rights to do anything forbidden by these laws. The issue, when it comes before the su preme court, will be whether this country, acting through its legal representatives, can invoke extraordinary, but none the less con stitutional, means ro correct an extraordinary situation. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes once said that the court should judge its issues “in the light of our whole experience, and not merely by what was said a hundred years ago.” If the court follows that principle, there is no reason to fear the lawyers’ attacks on NIRA. Fashion designers plan to restore the hour glass figure. Well, it’s time. Let’s see —wasn’t there a fellow named John Garner or something, who was elected Vice- President or something? One thing about the depression—it tends to reduce superstition. Not nearly so many peo ple still consider a $2 bill unlucky. What some of the banks need is a little less window-dressing and a lot more house cleaning. I An argument over a 5-cent cigar started a fight in Cleveland the other day. Probably it was made of scrap tobacco. There seems to be a standard style for serving blue eagle eggs this season—hard boiled. A 4,000-year-old boat containing primitive fishing tackle was found in a bog in Finland. Thus establishing a fishing world’s record for waiting without getting a bite. Scientists class ants as the most intelligent of all insects, probably because no matter where you put that jar of picnic jam they always seem able to find it. Canadian court has ruled that it is wrong for a wife to go through her husband’s pockets. Not only is it wrong, but in these days it is nearly always useless. A porpoise, says a natural-history shark, has a much larger brain than a man. But even then the poor fellow is very much at .. sea. Nationally known authors organize under the wing of the blue eagle. Be handy in case they want to indulge in any flights of fancy. Spanish supreme court has a tough case brought by a girl who demands the right to fight bulls. Only right the bull has is habeas corpus. M.E.TracySays: l ■ - OUR export trade continues to rise, notwith standing discontinuance of government ef forts to boost it. July tvas the third consecutive month to show an increase. At that July was not so hot. Even though it showed an improve ment over June, just as June showed an im provement over May, it merely brought us back to where w’e were last October. Our export trade took such a dive last winter that it had no choice but to come up or disap pear. In February it amounted to little more than $100,000,000, or about one-fourth of the monthly average for 1928. It was almost bound to show an increase with or without the aid of a w’ell-organized commerce department. Depreciation of the dollar undoubtedly helped to turn the tide, but the withdrawal of commer cial attaches and trade boosters did not. The fact that they failed to overcome the effects of a world-wide slump should not be interpreted as proving their uselessness. Neither should concern for domestic recovery or enthusiasm over the progress already made blind us to the importance of foreign markets. We are not going to find prosperity until foreign markets have been opened on a larger scale than ever before. This country’s industrial system can not be reduced to the needs of domestic consumption without collapsing. B B B IT is all right to argue that the American peo ple could live by themselves or off one an other, if they had to, but not according to the standards which they have set up in the past and which they hope to see improved in the future. Curtailment of production at home may be practical as a temporary measure of adjustment, but in the end this country must look to in creased consumption of its goods abroad. In the end it must get its salesmen on the road once more, induce its banks to grant the neces sary credit, and adopt a policy which will pro mote business overseas. The more our government undertakes to su pervise industry, the more responsibility for the development of foreign trade it must assume. Our government can not expect producers and manufacturers to keep more people at w r ork for higher wages if it lies down on the job of helping them to sell goods abroad. The industrial system we have developed is tuned to a certain amount of foreign trade. It will not function normally until that amount is restored. tt tt tt SOME of our leaders are altogether too indif ferent to this aspect of recovery. While it is desirable to get our own house in order before we do too much splurging out side, it is folly to suppose the national earning power can be raised to its proper level without seeking and developing markets abroad in every possible wav. We are in no position to turn our backs on international .trade, or even regard it as a minor, factor of the recovery problem. We are in no position to ignore Russia or neglect Latin-American countries. While w r e can plow under some of our crops for a while, we can not keep them plowed under and prosper. Sooner or later, we must find out lets for normal production, or face the alterna tive of living on a lowered scale. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES (Times readers are invited to express their views in these columns. Make your letters short, so all can hare a chance. Limit them to 200 words or less.) By the Fireman’s Band. As Mr. Shusler says, “I am taking the liberty” to correct some of his misleading statements that he had in your columns of Aug. 22. He certainly has been very much misin formed or is trying to misinform the public. First, Mr. Shusler speaks of the police and firemen’s band. There has been no such band for the last three years, and furthermore, when it w r as in existence it did not take any park board engagements. For the last two years there has been a firemen’s band which never has played a competitive concert. The firemen’s band plays for churches or for civic organizations and for such as the openings of new’ streets, none of which would hire a band to play engagements if there was no other entertainment to be had. Mr. Shusler says that in former years they played twenty concerts in the parks and this year they only played three, due to the firemen’s band playing them. Well. Mr. Shus ler, it may be new's to you, but that is three more concerts than the fire men's band played for the park board. If you do not know w T hy you are not getting those twenty concerts this year, I will try and inform you so that you will not try and mis lead the public into believing that the firemen’s band is playing them. There is a depression on (and it is felt by us as well as you) and there are many people W’ho are not able to pay their taxes, so the appropria tions had to be cut, consequently the park concerts had to be cut and you boys had to suffer. We do not play any engagements W’here there is a charge. If you will remember, we had a committee wait on you about two years ago when the firemen’s band organized, so that we could be on good terms with your organization, but for some reason you w’ould not accept our committee, so who w’ere the square shooters, your organiza tion or ours? We have the reputation of putting bread into people’s mouths, not tak ing it out, and we still are living up to that reputation. Here’s hoping that you are broad minded and fair enough not to try and mislead the public. By E. H. Bentinsr. Your Saturday issue contains a communication from one who says, “Who am I? Just a carpenter of Indianapolis, W’ho has heard and heeded the call of the Carpenter of Nazareth, the Social Communist.” If this is a poetical reference to Jesus of Nazareth, I would suggest that the writer examine the state ments of Jesus with reference to the Scriptures and His attitude toward the church of His time. Jesus w r as the adopted son of a carpenter (builder) of Nazareth. This does not make Jesus a “car penter.” Jesus w r as one of the “wreckers” in the social order of the times, but Jesus “wrecked” in order that something better might be “builded.” He was expert in “remodeling.” As such, Jesus reverenced the Scriptures. (See John 10:35; also Psalm 82 quoted by Him.) See also Mark 14:49 and Luke 16:29-31. This “carpenter” certainly reverenced “the Scriptures.” Jesus respected the “church.” 1 (See Matthew 23:2ff.) He chastised the leaders whose works did not prove their “sayings.” But Jesus commanded the hearers to “observe and do all whatsoever they bid you 1 npO fast or to do without food has been more or less a custom of groups of mankind from a very early day. Fasting continually is being revived as a fad by groups of unenlightened thinkers in the medical field. One hears the strange notion that everybody ought to fast at least once each month for tw’enty-four hours to give his stomach a rest. Actually, the stomach is a crea ture of habit and puts on an act of irritation with plenty of hunger pains when it does not get its ac customed nutriment at the usual hour. The question that concerns the doctor more particularly is whether there 4s -any advantage to fasting in ir S \SINGLE FU6 I’ j : : The Message Center : : . = I wholly disapprove of what you say and will defend to the death your right to say it,—Voltaire == - Fasting Is Not a Cure for Disease Hey! Over 35 —Barred Bv Frank T. Baine. Jr. _ IN these hectic dafs of a four year drastic depression, w’hen the coast-to-coast promotion of the NRA is on, she man in the street past 35 years of age and unemployed, is wondering what part the new promotion is going to play in his personal welfare. On house-to-house canvass, he is asked to sign on the dotted line, asking him to patronize only those showing the blue eagle. In the first place, how is the unemployed person going to pa tronize any store, blue eagle or not, W’hen he has no funds to make purchases? Again, these same stores displaying the blue eagle are not hiring employes past Questions and Answers Q —How can newspapers and clippings be preserved against the disintegration of age? A—One method is to mount each page or clipping between two sheets of strong, thin transparent material such as silk or Japanese tissue. This treatment adds strength to the sheets and also delays the chemical changes in the wood pulp fiber composing the newsprint paper. The sheets should be folded as little as pos sible and should be kept in a tight container in a clean dry atmos phere. q —what is the address of Mau rice Parmelee? A—Ten Bank street, New York City, observe.” He w r as a regular worship per in the synagogue. The individual who would “hear and heed the call of the Carpenter of Nazareth” has a large program on his hands whether he be a member of some church or not. This pro gram w’ould lead him into some church group, for Jesus reverenced the Scriptures and respected the church. Dr. Benson and Dr. Evans appear to be doing excellent “carpenter work” (building). Neither is a “WTecker.” Both build with such materials as become available. Those who know them best, love them most of all for what they have done as “builders.” They have no need of public debate, being “knew’n by their fruits.” (No, I am not affiliated with their denominations, nor have I ever had financial dealings with them! Dr. Benson has assisted me in placing patients financially unable to pay for treatment). The Nazarene said, “By their fruits ye shall know them.” Our church-supporting people probably are humbled by reading of their being "ignorant, superstitious,” but we think the wTiter might w’ell have omitted the word “hypo critical.” Jesus addressed some strong language to “the hypocrites” among them, but He never classified all of the worshippers as “hypo crites.” My flock also has joined “the cavalcade” into the churches. It is a satisfaction to serve these “ignor ant, superstitious” people, but I can not easily find “hypocritical'’ mem bers among them. Perhaps they are so ignorant and superstitious as to take seriously I the Nazaren’s words, “I am thei Good Shepherd; My sheep hear My voice, and they follow me.” They j do get caught repeat- j ing. “Thy rod 'and thy staff they comfort me.” (Psalms 23). BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN Editor Journal of the American Medical Association and of Hysreia. the Health Magazine. periods of illness. Fadists have ad vocated fasting for the cure of every type of disease from acne to xeroph thalmia. It is safe to dismiss fasting at once as a cure-all. It will not cure any disease as a specific remedy. There is no advantage in keepiflg anyone hungry for long periods of time. Very close to the fasting faddists are those who subsist, as A. J. D. Camertn says, on “monodieta.” These are people w’ho eat bread and water alone, or fruit juices alone, or any other single food sub stance, with the idea that it leads to a specific cure. 35 years of age, because the in surance companies that write the compensation (a joke) taboo men in shops past 35 years of age. Again, new’ annual crops of younger people are ’ each year seeking their initial employment. Now it does seem that this large class of middle-aged people that form such a vital part in our so cial affairs should organize among themselves, patronizing only such stores or firms as will employ peo ple past the insurance companies’ deadline age. The unemployed have had enough political ballyhoo from all parties during this depression and refuse to take of the mystic manna longer. So, to the unem ployed past 35, NRA—“No Relief Available.” Q —ls there any scientific basis for the belief that the moon causes insanity? A—No. Q—Has the earth ever been cir cumnavigated on a straight north and south course? A—No. Q—Have any of the plays of George Bernard Shaw’ been pro duced as movies? A—No. Q—Why are troops always or dered to “route step” just before marching over a bridge? A—Experts testify that a few soldiers marching over a long bridge in regular step might pro duce more vibration than a whole regiment out of step. Q—ln what year w’as the S. S. Olympic built? A—l9ll. Q —How long does it take to travel over the Trans-Siberian railway from Moscow to Vladi vostok? A—Nine days or more. Q—How many establishments in the United States are engaged in the manufacture of harness, saddlery, whips, etc., and what is the yearly value of their prod ucts? A—The census of manufactur ers for 1931 showed 184 establish ments manufacturing harness, saddlery, w’hips, etc. Their prod ucts were valued at $9,272,628. Q —What is meant by the “in dustrial revolution?” A—The change that transforms people with peasant occupations and local markets into an in dustrial society with world-wide connections. Q —Does drinking a glass of water after a glass of milk alter the food value of the milk? A—No. Q —Did a Canadian girl, who married a United States citizen before Sept. 22, 1922, automatical ly become an American citizen by reason of such marriage? A—Yes. Q —Does a state Governor rank higher officially than a senator? A—Yes. A Governor is the high est authority in a political unit of the United States, and would rank higher than a United States senator, who shares his authority with ninety-five other members of the United States senate. Q—What is the form of govern- ; ment of Siam? A—lt is a limited monarchy. I Prajadhipok is the king. It is safe to say that no one ought to fast purely on the basis of a no tion that it may help him. After a physician has examined a patient and understands thoroughly the pa tient’s metabolism, he can tell whether the limitation of the pa tient’s food is going to be a use ful measure. He also can select foods on the basis of their reactions in the hu man body and on the basis of the necessities of the patient for health building materials. A selection made on a scientific basis is much more likely to be helpful to the patient than doing without food entirely and suffering unnecessary pains for the satisfac tion of feeding a *ancy. SEPT. 5, 1933? It Seems to Me “BY HEYWOOD BROUN,; ■ NEW YORK, Sept. 5.—1 didn’t think of it in time. It is toe late to add it now. When I was writing about it just the other day, I might have referred to the decline and fall of Huey Long by saying that it was a political career which began in a mud bank and ended in a washroom. I might even have added that it was a public life which ended in the precise place toward which it had been tending for five years. B B B One More Holiday NOW that NRA has begun to jell with its promise of shorter hours and unofficial holidays I think that this dispensation well might be honored by some set community fes tivity. We have a Labor day de voted to the celebration of honest i toil, and why not now a fellow feast j d°dicated to the reverse angle of I encouraging partiotic leisure? There 1 might even be a Loafers’ day pa | rade. in which all the participants are borne along in taxis. I read a sermon just last week in ! which the preacher asserted round i 3y that there would be ample work |in heaven I hope that this feature j has not been included for my sake, ; because I think that I could live i happily without the stress and strain, just as I have managed to do here on earth. Others have not succeeded quite so well. We are an unbalanced lot, and rarely in this clime do you ever meet the man who can put his back against a tree and stay there for any reasonable time. Even as I write. I betray my own weakness for energy, action and per severance. The word “reasonable” shows me up. Why shouldn’t the sitter go on sitting still till the frost comes? • 808 An Unfair Attitude IDLENESS has a bad name among us, because often it has been purchased on terms which were un fair. Those of us who come from the proletariat naturally resent such ease as is assumed by robber barons, past and present. But that doesn’t mean that idleness itself is funda mentally evil. Even the most visionary of the Communists can’t quite get away from the notion that Utopia will be a place of vast activity. In these kingdoms of a dream the workers pour out of the factories to devote themselves to wood carving and the little theater movement. Russia, which has experimented in economic forms ostensibly aimed toward a newer freedom, has left the land seething with activity. Just what Bolshevism has accomplished is a matter of dispute, but it does not seem up to the present time as if the Soviets noticeably have in creased the areas of tranquility and sweet repose. It is fair to add that capitalistic countries have even less to boast of. The machine has shortened the hours of labor in the heavily indus trialized nations, but, at the same time, increased the intensity of the working day. And, for the most part, we use the term “labor-saving device” not so much to indicate an implement by which man may free himself for in activity as to identify a gadget by means of which he can do more in a given time. B B B Blushes of the Idle AND with each easement from manual labor has come a whole ! new flock of needs and ap j petites. It isn’t enough any more |to feed and clothe the sons of j Adam. They must have their radios and automobiles and motion pictures. Complete leisure and re laxation leave us all a little ashamed. Ask a man, “What did you do bn your vacation?” and he is almost sure to give you some re port of fish entrapped, miles walked or motored, and sets of tennis played. He would not dare frankly to admit that he lay on his back much of the time or that he went jin extensively for twiddling his i thumbs. j lat least will be faithful to my I contention that there already is too much work and too many workers. Just because I believe in the beauties of idleness I’m going to end this column right here, a little short, and let somebody else fill it out down to the margin line. (Copyright, 1933, by The Times) Only a Vision BY CHRISTIE RUDOLPH I’ve worn emeralds and silk about my throat, And heard the fierce power and angry stroke Os anvils upon a burnished steel glitter, And seen strong black men along a a muddy river. But I want cool skies and the smell of fruit And my feet entwined with some fragrant root, With a pillow of leaves beneath my head, So why must I see you, stranger, instead? Oh, I’m only a woman that is weary and weak, So vanish, fair vision, and let me sleep. So They Say The Carnegies, Rockefellers, Bak ers, and Fields are gone forever. It will not be possible under the new economic system to amass great wealth; wealth will be widely dis tributed in lowering commodity prices, in raising wages.—Ex Gov ernor William E. Sw’eet of Colorado, now of NRA staff. Imprisonment for fifty years is certainly a more drastic penalty than death.—Warden Lawes of Sing Sing. You can hot legislate the human race into heaven.—The Rev. C. H. Parkhurst of New’ York, criticising reformers. Moslems work less than the rest of the world in its feverish search for fame and wealth. They pass several hours a day in rest and meditation. Rex Ingram, movie director, recent convert to Moham medanism.