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iudoK L Nook mmramJ USSSmSmmm3ES>m9 Caroline Miller Here is a drawing by Bertrand Zadig of Caroline Miller, author of a first novel, “Lamb in His Bosom.’’ recently published by Harper & Brothers. The book has been praised by Sinclair Lewis for its “fine sense of beauty.” Anne Parrish describes it as “beautiful and deeply moving, and as fresh and alive as a growing vine or tree.” tt B B BY WALTER D. HICKMAN A LOT of us have been search ing for a historical romance of this country which has the glamor, action and intelligence similar to that of Sabatini. The fact is I have been search ing for several years for such a book and I am ready only today to tell you that I have succeeded. The book in question is “Mistress of Monterey," by Virginia Stivers Bartlett, who lives in California, where the major amount of the ac tion is placed in very early Califor nia when the Spanish Don Pedro Fages was Governor. Sometimes we rebel on the talk ing screen to what is known as the costume or period drama. Here is a costume or period novel done in as brilliant language as the colors in the garments used by the gra cious but haughty ladies of that period. I had the impression that I was reading early California history told in a charming and intelligent way by a story-teller who knows all the lovely traditions as well as much of the early history of California. You are concerned with three chief characters and one “thing.” The characters are a priest, Fray Junipero Scrra; Senor Don Pedro Fages. civil Governor and soldier of King Carlos 111 of Spain, and his wife. La Senora Dona Eulalia Celis de Fages. The “thing" is the great and matchless beauty of early California with its unexplored wealth in veg eation and the like. In other words it is the “land” and its influences upon the three main characters and all their followers. The only trouble that I had with the book was trying to pronounce some of the proper names, but after awhile I had a jolly time. The story is so fresh, so romantic and so much of a grand adventure that I had a great and glorious time reading it. As I do not want to take away any of the charm of the romance as well as the charm of the char acters, I am not going into detail concerning the story. If you have been hungry for a fine historical romance of our own country or part of it. then get hold of a copy of Mistress of Monterey.” And you will thank me for telling you about it. This book is published by the Bobbs-Mernll Company and sells for $2. a a a HAVE been asked if there is a book called “The Forgotten." Seme days ago. in fact, two weeks ago. such a book reached my desk. It is written by E. G. Shinner and Is published by the Patterson Pub lishing Company of Chicago. Sells for $2. No. it is not a novel, but a serious consideration of the depression, its causes and the remedy The author says. “This depression did not. as many seem to think, burst upon us without warning. There was ample evidence of its coming all through the years of 1927, 1928. and 1929. although few if any ever dreamed that it would attain anything like its present activity.” The author maintains firmly that the depression did not begin with the collapse of the stock market in October, 1929. He *> v ~’.ains as follows; "The stock markti happened to be a thing on which the eyes of the world were focused, and. when it cracked wide open, the public realized that the storm had hit." This is one book which shows how your dinner table and mine were affected by the causes leading up to the depression. There is a lot of interesting and at times startling data on radio and the chain stores. s a a H. G. Wells is at it again This time he has a lot of prophecies in “The Shape of Tnings to Come." published today by the Macmillan Company. He gives his views on the future of the Russian experi ment. how we will view the last World war in the future and other big problems a a a McCready Huston has written a new book which will be published Sept. 27 by the Robert M Mcßride A* Cos. It will be called “Solid Citi zen." Wabash Man Killed by Train By f xitrit frfii PERU. Ind. Sept. 15.—Lorrie Plough, 44. Wabash, was killed in stantly Thursday night beneath the wheels of a Wabash freight train. A junk dealer's license was found in his pocket. x full I.oasfd Win* Sorvl'-e of the t nifpd Pres* Association BONDED BOOZE RONNING LOW; PRICE SOARING Approach of Repeal Signal for Frenzied Drive to Corner Market. RETAIL CHARGE LAGGING Distillers Not Anxious to Sell Whisky: Cutting to Boost Supply. Indianapolis bootleggers w ore hap py grins today at th<? prospect of regaining some of their lost busi ness, as they watched the price of medicinal w'hisky rise as result of a i shortage in supply. Practically all the sixteen and seventeen-vear-old brands, such as I. W. Harper, Old Taylor, Sunny- j brook and others, which cost the | druggist from $34 50 to $36 a case when medicinal whisky was legal ized in Indiana a few months ago,! now are priced wholesale at $55 a case. Forecast that the wholesale price would go to between $75 and SBS a j case, and possibly even SIOO, by ! Christmas, with many of the more ! popular brands unobtainable at any ; price, was made today by L. Michael Condon, local distillery representa tive and president of the new Cen tral States Brokerage Corporation, Indianapolis. Reduced Profits Retail prices of medicinal w’hisky have not kept pace with wholesale prices here, druggists reducing their profit to hold the prices down, but most of the favorite brands have been hiked from 50 cents to $1 a pint, and the price must be hiked further when new r stocks are ordered. Brands which formerly were sold here from $2.25 to $2.50 a pint now are retailing at from $3 to $3.50, with higher-priced favorites in creased accordingly. The price rise is due partly to the shortage in supply of aged whisky in distillery warehouses, and partly to the battle on the part of large in terests to corner the supply in an- j iicipation of prohibition repeal. j Stork to Be Rectified There are only about 13,000,000 gallons of whisky in bond today, I according to Condon. Os this amount, 8,000.000 gallons are old | w'hisky and, after repeal, can be ! rectified by the addition of alcohol and water, and sometimes Sherry j wine, each gallon of old whiskyl being converted into from two to: four gallons of rectified whisky. This process can not be followed legally with medicinal w'hisky, which must be uncut. For this reason, distillers are not the least bit anxious to make sales to druggists now, preferring to hold their limited stocks until after re peal when they can be cut. or recti fied. and produce greater profits, Condon said. Consumption of whisky in this country in pre-prohibition days ranged from 90,000.000 to 110.000.000 gallons a year, with about 20 per cent of this imported. Trading in whisky warehouse cer tificates is going on at a dizzy pace recalling the frenzied dealing in lots during the Florida real estate boom and in stocks on New York curb be fore the break in 1929. Bring Fancy Prices Groups seeking to corner the sup ply are buying certificates at any price, confident that the price will be higher in the next few days. The Central States Brokerage i Corporation, formed here several weeks ago with Condon as president j and Sidney Weinstein as treasurer,! to corner a supply of whisky in ! bond in anticipation of repeal, has i bought up certificates representing | about 400 barrels of whisky, and hopes to acquire another SIOO,OOO worth for speculative purposes. As evidence of the actual short age in whisky, Condon has received a letter from the Bernheim distil lery at Louisville announcing that its stock of older whiskies will be exhausted by Oct. 1. leaving only a small quantity of 4-year-old whisky with which to fill orders. BOOKS GIVEN TO BUTLER Children of J. George Mueller Are Donors of 548 Volumes. Children of the late George J. Mueller, formerly a member of the Mooney-Mueller-Ward Company, have made a gift of 548 books to the Butler university library in mem ory of their father, it is announced! by the librarian. Leland R. Smith. The books include volumes of German and English literature, and are bound in leather. They will be j a permanent material collection. ! Children making the gift are Clem-' ens Mueller. Indianapolis, and Mrs. Donald L. Stone, wife of Professor j Stone of Dartmouth college. Buy a Suit of Clothes , Plea of Dinner Speaker Men! Buy a suit of clothes! With this request. Ambrose O’Connell, executive assistant to Postmaster-General James A. Far ley. urged co-operation in the NRA campaign with a buying drive by the man on the street, in a dinner adddress to the Notre Dame Club of Indianapolis, in the Indianapolis Athletic Club, Thursday night. "This fall every business man and every man looking for a job should try his utmost to get himself anew suit of clothes. There is nothing like it to build up the morale and overcome the inferiority complex." he dec.ared. “And so on down the line. When you make a purchase of goods, you not only have merchandise, but you 1 have the gratification of knowing that you are rendering your country , aCaervice. The Indianapolis Times GERMANS LEARN DISCIPLINE BY TOIL Road Camps Are Excellent Training Grounds for Nation’s Youth W’hat is doing on in Germany under Nazi rule, led by Chancellor Adolf Hit ler. Is told bv George Britt from first hand observation following his return from an extensive stav. This is the fifth in a series of articles. BY GEORGE BRITT Times Special Writer MOTORING in Germany in the vicinity of any of 4,700 towms and villages scattered all over the map, you may pass any day now a marching company of what appear at first to be soldiers, but w'hich materializes into workmen —husky, tanned, smiling young sters in columns of fours, with picks and shovels at right-shoul der arms, marching to and from work and singing as they march — always singing. They are volunteers, “freiwilli gers,” in the equivalent of our new forestry camps for the un employed. They have been trans planted from the city streets to a simple industrious country life, for w'hich they are paid their keep, plus pocket money of a dime a day, becoming well inoculated with the Nazi religion as part of the bargain. Germany, it can not be forgot ten, has come through her revolu tion a country perfectly safe for big business, a country in which large powers remain in the old time industrial classes, just as before. Hitler, originally having prom ised everything to everybody, thus far has delivered the least to the proletariats. Nevertheless, he has made changes, and others are in process quite different from and in addition to the elimination of Jews from influence on German life. The work camps are one of these changes, also the emascula tion of labor unions, prospective dissolution of department stores, the new policy of putting woman in her place, and the congealed state of finance and foreign ex change. Work camps were not an origi nal Hitlerite idea. But the new regime took them over, converted them to its purposes, increased enrollment to about 250,000 and is backing them proudly. n a a INQUIRING foreigners are sent out in handsome automobiles courteously provided by the min istry of labor to see the camps in operation. After such a trip I also went independently to an other camp, where exactly the same sort of work was being done. The latter had started as a spontaneous religious group. First called Christian Crusaders, they are Nazified now r . Propaganda is an important ob ject of the camps. One bulletin board carried a typewritten list of “eleven commandments for the Reich workmen.” No. 1, literally translated by one of the freiwil ligers, w f as “Thou shall be punctu al in every service and roll out of bed at time, otherwise you will be punished and late at work.” Other commandments enjoined such virtues as obedience and cleanliness until the eleventh, “Thou shall be a good-natured German and National Socialist, faithful to your superiors and your native country; only this w'ay you can help to strengthen Germany.” Their songs are Nazi; their hymns clang with martial simile. They have such discipline and saluting as an innocent foreigner might never have dreamed of, even in the old Prussian army. Four of us with a labor ministry official were being shown about. a a a AT parting I shook hands with our guide. He clicked his heels together, raised his arm in Fascist salute and said, “Heil Hitler.” Turning to the next vis itor, he repeated the routine, and so on down the line. Five hand shakes he gave, five heel clicks, five salutes and five "Heil Hit lers.” all in thirty seconds. The volunteers are 17 and 25 years old. They serve forty weeks and are not re-enlisted, the the ory being that in this time they should have gained enough healthr spirit and craftsman's skill to take care of themselves. They work six hours a day— no loafing. They repair the old buildings in which they live, build roads, drain swamps, operate canals and carry out minor local improvements of all sorts. Total cost to the state is 2 marks a day a man, about 65 cents. Os this the individual re ceives thirty pfennigs; food comes to ninety pfennigs. And it would not take long to make these drilled and disciplined lads into soldiers. Manual labor here is cheaper than machinery. Why buy a steam shovel when plenty of ditch diggers may be had for two marks a day? If times continue hard and the labor market still is glutted, the freiwilligers may take over prac tically all the public works con tracts in Germany. And what “Purchase the things needed or the things you always wanted.” he urged. He forecast that equitable dis tribution of incomes was one of the objects of the national recovery move and that extravagant salaries and large bonuses will pass under the new deal. “One of the things that brought hard times was that too many fel lows were collecting the eggs that were laid by somebody else’s chick ens." he said. Guests at the dmner inciuded Dr. Clarence E. Manion. professor at Notre Dame; Governor Paul V. Mc- Nutt, R. Earl Peters and Postmaster Leslie D. Ciancy. Robert R. Kirby presided. O'Connell arrived in Indianapolis late Thursday, after his plane had been forced down east of here. INDIANAPOLIS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1933 len becomes of the independent t - " 1 - ' ■ 11 • = j' iboring man? **' ' 1 obtained a permission. then becomes of the independent laboring man? a a a THE nearest to an answer I could find was that Hitler hopes for generally improved conditions. Germany being floated off her shoals by a world improvement, so that a steady up swing will reduce the number of labor camp inmates. The question of whether such an upswing comes or not is prob ably the most momentous factor in Hitler’s future career. The labor unions, of course, have been broken up and the right to strike suspended in the course of building anew fascist state. The Nazi labor organizations are two —the N. S. B. 0., headed by the conservative Walter Schumann, the earliest and most favored Nazi group, the one which the employers prefer to deal with, and second, the Arbeits Front, headed by Dr. Robert Ley, ironic example of the one big union. Dissension has arisen between the two, and their offices now are separated into different buildings. For an analysis, let me quote from a German friend who knows them intimately. He also knows the Nazis at first hand, since he spent some days in one of their prisons, a political suspect. “The N. S. B. O. moved into all industries and established ‘cells’ in every factory and shop,” he said. “The cells were to super sede and undermine the trade unions. “Those who see the new re gime a bit coldly, say this was in accordance with pre-election prom ise, that Hitler accepted cam paign funds from the big indus trialists with the understanding that he would break up the unions. But it did not satisfy the left wing Nazis. tt a a “ \ ND so the Arbeits Front was l\. organized by the left wingers. This will surprise you, but, nev -ertheless, it is true. Hitler did not know about it in advance; he didn’t want it, but the mass of his storm troopers were for it, and he accepted. “On May 1, the Arbeits Front, with the support of Brown Shirts, took over the Socialist trade unions, dissolved the Catholic unions and set up their ow r n or ganzation as all-inclusive. The Arbeits Front is not independent; it can not strike, but it is much nearer to the workers than the N. S. B. O.” The work of the Arbeits Front is carried on the labor trustees, representing both labor and em ployers, all nominated by the Nazis, who make collective w'age agreements and settle disputes. Since the Nazis still court pop ularity with the masses, their settlements for quite a time are likely to be about as favorable as the unions could have forced, but the power to demand has gone. Labor now r makes requests. The Nazi attack on department NORMAL COLLEGE OPENS Gymnastic Union Classes Started at Athenaeum. New term of the Normal College of the American Gymnastic Union opened this week in the Athenaeum, excepting freshmen, whose work will begin Sept. 29. Attendance is expected to be slightly less than during the last term, due to an affiliation with In diana university by which seniors go to Bloomington. This permits award of a university degree required for teaching licenses. The college, headed by Emil Rath, has been conducted continuously at the Athenaeum since 1907. He is assisted by Mrs. Clara L. Hester and Emil Rinsch. THREATEN TAX STRIKE Kosciusko Cos. Residents to Take Action if Rate Is Raised. [Ui r niled Prtss WARSAW. Ind.. Sept. 15—Mem bers of the Kosciusko County Tax payers' Association today promised to pay only rates consistent with necessary function of government if levies set by the county tax adjust ment board are higher than those last year. * stores goes far back in time. It is a party fundamental that the stores must go. This is due not only to ant-sim itism, objecting to any business so largely controlled by Jews, but also it appealed to the petty shop keeper, jealous of the big store. Wertheim, Tietz and a dozen Celebrating f The 13th Birthday of the Famous as the “Greatest values that rfPfck walk in Shoe Leather.” 5 4.9 5 5.85 JP| Choice, select leathers son)c j'loo pairs of \ Oxfords in the Service amazed at the values! Doggy hefty grained leathers, such as Norwegians and Scotch grains. Smooth leathers, Calfskins and Kangaroos. And when you put foot into them you’ll get anew sense of comfort—The Service ifcj. needs no breaking in—they have an inner sole that is a blessing to the foot. The event opens tomorrow. 54.95 & 55.85 1 L. ST.RAUSS & CO. other famous stores, among the greatest in the w'orid, once the pride of Germany, exist today as reprieved criminals, their death sentence postponed, but imminent. They are saved only because to break them up now would throw tens of thousands more out of jobs. Second Suction Entered as Second-Class MSttor at Postoffice, IMlanapolis Road-building in a German la bor camp. MONEY in Germany today is as tricky and difficult to handle as hydrogen gas, so that even the tourist knows it. As recently as May, a dollar brought more than four marks. On July 15, after Aemrican in flation talk, I got a price of 2.93 at the North German Lloyd of fice in Berlin, and that was a good price. On the same day one block up Unter den Linden at the Ameri can Express the price was 2.77, which allowed the express com pany a profit of about $5 per SIOO. The law says no one may take away from Germany more than 200 marks, although foreigners may take out as much as they had brought in. This and its detailed elabora tions, a petty annoyance for tour ists, is a baffling handicap to in ternational business. Although not aimed solely at Jews, the law hits the Jews se verely. If one of the rejected race desires to emigrate, it is almost impossible to take along any property. However, I did meet one Jew, a disbarred lawyer now going to Palestine with the forlorn hope of living by photography, who had obtained a permission. He could reprieve his household goods and also 1,000 English pounds. He had obtained this favor by showing elaborately that he had paid all his taxes and all his private debts, that he was neither a Socialist, Communist, or pacifist. Next—The men around Hitler. GREAT BUYING DRIVE TO BE OPENED OCT. 1 NRA Promotion Campaign to Urge Purchasing on Gigantic Scale. NOVEL IDEAS ADOPTED Confidence to Be Keynote of Mammoth Effort to •Restore Prosperity. BY THOMAS L. STOKES Time* Special Writer WASHINGTON, Sept. 15—The world’s greatest sales promotion ! campaign will burst soon upon the country to set off the national re covery buying drive. In new and novel ways the Amer- I ican people will be shown the need Ito replace many articles of every day use, of home and fireside, from pots and pans to clothes and furni ture and radios and automobiles. From all parts of the country ideas art pouring into the national recov ery administration from the buying and spending campaign, which will | get un<)r way on a national scale | around Oct. 1. probably with a j sendoff by President Roosevelt. Confidence Is theme Confidence will be the theme of the campaign—confidence that the country is on the road back to re covery, that jobs are safe, and that now is the time to buy those things so long desired and needed. Directing the campaign from be hind the scenes is that expert on public psychology, Charles Michael son, one-time newspaper man, w r ho played such a large part in making the country “Democratic party con scious.” Assisting is Frank Wilson, also a former newspaper man, who now is making a study of the na tion’s sixteen major industries to find what sort of wares are remain ing on their shelves, what things people need and have delayed to buy. Buyer to Be Protected Return to prosperity means that consumption of durable goods— equipment and machinery for in dustry, clothing and household equipment—must be brought up. Os the $49,000,000,000 in retail trade in 1929, 67 per cent was for durable goods and 33 per cent for the more perishable type of commodity and necessity. The NRA will try to protect the buyer. It plans to set up consumer committees in connection with NRA local committees in 7,000 cities and towns to check prices. Newspaper advertising will be a large part of I the campaign.