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FDR IN FRONT AT THIS TIME, STOKES FINDS President Is Popular With Rank and File, Tour of U. S. Shows. WEST AND SOUTH HIS Strong G. 0. P. Opponent Might Change Picture, However, Is Hint. BY THOMAS L. STOKES Tim.. Special Writer WASHINGTON, March 30. President Roosevelt appears safe for re-election as of today, eight months before the balloting. This conclusion is based on a sur vey which took the writer from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Gulf to the Canadian border and which revealed a still strong faith in the President among the rank and file —labor, the farmer, the salaried worker, small business men —because of the improvement in their lot under the New Deal. The situation, of course, may change between now and Nov. 3. Many things may happen. No hard and fast forecast is possible at this point. The caliber of the Repub lican nominee chosen to oppose the President may have a decided effect in the months between the conven tions and the election. Mr. Roosevelt has lost ground here and there, particularly in the East, but no evidence was discovered of that wholesale sweep which Repub licans were predicting a few weeks ago and which some said would pro duce an "anti” vote such as re moved Herbert Hoover from the White House, no matter who the Republican nominee is. As yet no one has arisen in Re publican ranks with either a per sonal ty or program that seems to capture the popular imagination, though the “build-up” is now in progress, particularly around Ihe quiet Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas. Mr. Roosevelt’s hope of returning to the White House hinges much upon holding the West, and this is manifest in the determination of Republicans to nominate a West erner. Still Strong in West Tlie President still is strong gen erally in the West. He holds firmly the back-log in the South and will carry every Southern state. At tempts to dislodge him there, now' under the leadership of Gov. Eu gene Talmadge of Georgia, will be unavailing. At the present stage the Presi dent appears to have the edge in sufficient Western states, along with the South and border states, to return him to the White House with 266 electoral votes, a majority of the 531 total. This is without any consideration whatever to the industrial Midwest and Eastern states, some of W'nich I believe he will carry. It even leaves out New York, his home state, which I believe he will win. The Western and Southern states i aking up the 266 total are: Ala bama. Arizona. Arkansas, Califor nia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, lowa, Kentucky, .Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Ne braska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas. Utah, Virginia. Washington, Wisconsin and either West Virginia or Mary land. each of which has eight elec toral votes. Maryland Less Doubtful Maryland seems less doubtful now with the death of Albert C. Ritchie, New Deal foe. Beyond this 266, apparently safe ns of today, there is a considerable margin in other states not included in this minimum. The list leaves out five Western states, Colorado, Wyoming, the Dakotas and Kansas, with a total of 17 electoral votes. Emile Hurja, the New' Deal election prognosticator, who was so nearly right in 1932 claims every state west of the Mississippi. Also not included are Indiana, Il linois, Ohio, New York, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and all of New England, with a total of 231 electoral votes. New England seems irretrievably lost, though not conceded by Jim Farley. Mr. Roosevelt carried only two New England states in 1932, Massachu setss and Rhode Island. Herbert Hoover carried the four others and Delaware and Pennsylvania to make up his total of six. The loss of AAA and NRA has tended to solidify farmers and the low'-salaried white-collar worker behind him. AAA, NRA Losses Really Aid The ordinary individual is not deeply touched by the cry to balance the budget—though it must be said that some farmers are expressing concern about debt, since debt was so long a personal goblin for them. Nor is the average person alarmed by charges of regimentation, com munism. socialism. They don’t care so much by what name you call it, as long as they are getting a break. The American Liberty League is more or less s standing joke in the West. It is proving an excellent straw' man for the Democrats. Next to lax administration, most complaints concern the New Deal spending program. These come chiefly from the business and finan cial fraternity. Republican attacks on spending have made an impres sion in the Middle West. Poison Kills Indiana Woman By I nil'd Press BOSTON. March 30.—Mrs. Juanita Allen. 23. formerly of Mount Ver non, Ind>, died at City Hospital to day after swalfbwing a large quan tity of disinfectant, apparently with suicidal intent. The Indianapolis Times FORECAST: Rain and much colder tonight with lowest temperature near freezing; tomorrow probably cloudy and colder. VOLUME 48—NUMBER 16 On, Off Record By United Press CHICAGO, March 30.—For mer President Herbert Hoo ver is preparing an address to be delivered Saturday night at Fort Wayne, Ind., he said today. He plans no other pub lic appearances during his stay in the Midwest this week, he said. Mr. Hoover plans to confer privately with Indiana Repub lican leaders at Indianapolis Friday evening, it was under stood. Arrangements were to be made for a small dinner at which the political situation will be discussed “off the rec ord.” YOUNG G. 0. P. ASKS SUPPORT State Group Urges Backing by Democrats in Econ omy Move. Young Republicans of Indiana to day sought support of young Dem ocrats in an effort to halt the so called "reckless spending” of the Roosevelt Administration. At the same time two other Re publican groups urged uninstructed delegations to the Republican state and national conventions. Plea of the young Republicans for Democratic co-operation in an Indiana youth unity move was made Saturday at a state-wide rally here. A resolution was broadcast today by the Young Republicans of In diana for furthering a move to make the organization a “young people’s party.” The resolution pledged the organ ization’s support of the Republican State Central Committee. The junior G. O. P. organization has an estimated 15,003 members. One thousand members were said to have (Turn to Page Three) SUGAR PACT UPSET BY SUPREME CUURT Institute Wins Modification in Appeal, However. By United Press WASHINGTON, March 30. The New Deal was awarded a strategic victory before the Su preme Court today when the tribunal refused to entertain the plea of Burco Inc., a creditor, that the court decide consti tutionality of the utility holding company act at once in the Amer ican States Public Service Cos. case. By United Press WASHINGTON, March 30.—The Sugar Institute, Inc., controlling between 70 and 80 per cent of the cane sugar refining in the United States, was held by the Supreme Court today to have violated the anti-trust laws in its “code of ethics” adopted in 1928 to eliminate "destructive” trade practices. The court ruled, however, that the Institute should be allowed sev eral modifications of the decree of Judge Julian W. Mack in New York, who found that the code ex ceeded toe limits of the anti-trust laws. The court ruled that while com binations in industry might serve a beneficial purpose, the sugar agreement went too far by limiting competition in prices. 4 ASSUME DUTIES ON WELFARE BOARD Meier S. Block Unable to Accept Post. Four members of the Marion County Welfare Board were sworn in today after Meier S. Block, In dianapolis merchant, announced that he would be unable to serve. County Clerk Glenn B. Ralston gave the oath of office to Mrs. Karl R. Ruddell. 2626 N. Meridian-st; Mrs. Marie Woolling, 6940 Washing ton-blvd: former Mayor L. Ert Slack, chairman, 3902 Washington blvd. and the Rev. Linn A. Tripp, Indianapolis Church Federation so cial service director. Following the ceremony, board members met with Charles Marshal, assistant director, Governor's Un employment Relief Commission, who explained to them provisions of so cial security legislation passed by the special session of the General Assembly. Circuit Judge Earl R. Cox, who appointed the members, suggested that board headquarters not be in the Courthouse and advised the members to proceed carefully in the administration of their duties. BULLETIN By United ft ess HOT SPRINGS. Ark., March 30.—Department of Justice agents, moving swiftly and secretly, were believed to have captured Alvin Karpis and another man and woman in a tear and flare gas raid on a farm house near here today. HOT SPRINGS, Ark.. March 30. —Department of Justice agents hurled tear and flare gas into a farm house near here today in wha, was believed a search for Alvin Karpis, America's No. 1 public enemy, and a companion. The house was reported to have been rented about a month ago to Harold Hunter, reputed companion of Karpis. who purportedly was be ing sought as well as Karpis. CITY IS GIVEN BAD RATING IN AUTO DEATHS Toll Far Above Average for Larger Communities, U. S. Claims. POLICE DRIVE SPURRED Report Is Released as Mis haps Take Lives of Three' More Victims. A Federal census report, issued today, revealing that Indianapolis has a considerably higher traffic death rate than the average large city, plus the fact that three week end deaths brought the Marion County 1936 traffic roll to 29. spurred police and city administration in a new safety drive. First triplicate stickers, consid ered fix-proof, w'ere issue to po licemen this morning. Figures released by the Federal Census Bureau show that Indianap olis had an average of 28.1 traffic deaths per 100,000 population for a 52-week period ending March 14, as compared to a general average in 86 cities of 17.5 deaths. For the corresponding period in 1934-35, the general rate was 19.1, and the Indianapolis rat* was 38.6 deaths per 100,000. Automobile accidents, including collisions with railroad trains and street cars, the bureau reported, account for five out of every 200 deaths in the United States. Bright Side of Picture The only bright side of this pic ture was the fact that for the four week period ending March 14 the number of deaths from automobile accidents reported in 86 large cities was 482. For the preceding four week period the number was 486. This is the first time since 1930 that the death figure has fallen below 500 in any four-week period. Latest victims, none of whom were injured in the same accident, BT6! William R. Weidenhorn, 78, of 812 Fairfield-av. lora Orton, 32, Negro, of 323 W. 28th-st. Joseph Van Leer, 51, Negro, of 2151 Highland-pl. Funeral services for Mr. Wieden horn, who died in his home Satur day of injuries suffered March 8 when he was struck by a hit-and run automobile at College and Fair field-avs, are to be held at 2 tomor row in the Moore & Kirk Funeral Home. The Rev. George W. Snyder, First United Brethren Church pas tor, is to officiate. Burial is to be in Crown Hill. Mr. Wiedenhorn. a baker, was born in Philadelphia, Pa. He came to Indianapolis when he was 6. His parents died two years later, and he was reared in the home of the Rev. Max E. Stern, Second Reformed Church pastor. -- Four Survive Him Survivors are the widow, Mrs. Elizabeth Wiedenhorn: three daugh ters, Miss Nellie Wiedenhorn and Miss Blanche Wiedenhorn of Indi anapolis, and Mrs. B. Earl Puckett of Douglaston, long Island, N. Y. Mr. Orton was killed in an auto mobile-truck accident at 20th-st and Northwestern-av early yesterday. Ora Payr.e, Negro, 40, driver of the car, hit a parked truck, police said. Payne and three other Negroes (Turn to Page Three) SLOAN, DESPITE G.M. RISE, HITS NEW DEAL Reports 1935 Profits Up 76 Per Cent. By United Press NEW YORK. March 30.—Presi dent Alfred P. Sloan Jr., of General Motors Corp. charged today, in his annual report to stockholders, that the New.Deal has "definitely post poned recovery.” General Motors sales and earn ings last year were the highest since 1929, he reported, and net profits exceeded those of 1934 by 76.46 per cent. The corporation pay roll in creased 22.7 per cent over 1934. The average increase of the hourly wage rate was 5 per cent. Policies of the Roosevelt Admin istration that have disturbed normal economic processes and increased government, expenditures not only will cause incre >ed taxes, Mr. Sloan said, but i duced production through necessitating higher prices and decreased consumption. He recommended that industry assume a vigorous role in shaping national policies toward sound economic development. General Motors’ net sales last year were 34 per cent greater than in 1934—51,155,641,511 against $862.- 672.670, he reported. The 1935 net profit was $167,226,510, or $3.69 a share on the average number of outstanding common stock shares. In 1934 the net profit equalled $1.99 a share. MARKET IRREGULARLY HIGHER IN QUIET DAY Special Issues Attract Attention; Sugar Stocks Firm. By United Press NEW YORK. March 30—Stock market trading was extremely quiet today and price? were irregularly higher. Special issues attracted some at tention as Checker Cab ran up to 64 for 4*s gain. J. I. Case was strong. The general list moved narrowly. Sugar Issues were firm. JS. MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1936 BRUNO’S FATE WEIGHED BY COURT; MYSTERY ANGLES ADD CONFUSION m B "' si ■ 111? WKSsm ■''IIBwwSJI COURT DRAFTS NEW BAR RULES Drastic Regulations May Force Closing of Local Schools, Is Claim. Changes in rules governing bar ad missions, made today by the In diana Supreme Court, may force three Indianapolis law schools to disband unless they can comply with the new requirements by Sept. 1, 1937, Remster A. Bingham, secretary-treasurer of the State Board of Law Examiners, said. Schools now on an approved basis are at Indiana University, Val paraiso and Notre Dame Uni ‘versities. he added. Climaxing a lengthy campaign by the Indiana and American Bar As sociations. the state’s highest tribunal made changes which Mr. Bingham says he believes will put Indiana on a parity with most other states in the matter of admission requirements. Admission to the bar. the court ruled, now r can be granted only to studentsof accredited law schools or those who have studied in ’ law offices. The approved schools must require their students to pursue three-year courses if they devote all their time to their studies, and longer if they are part-time students. A library of at least 7500 volumes must be provided, the school can not be operated as a commercial enter prise and it shall hire a full-time instructor for each 100 students or fraction thereof. Other changes made by the court reduce the number of examinations an applicant may take from five to four and raise the cost of admission for attorneys from other states. “In a little more than four years. Indiana has progressed from the most backward state in the matter of admissions, to a front rank posi tion in this matter,” Milo N. Feight ner, Huntington, president of the State v ßoard of Law Examiners, said. "The court’s action should be com mended by every lawyer in the state.” 12,000 TO GET WORK ON IMPROVING ROADS 800 Miles of State Highways Are to Be Bettered. Improvement of approximately 800 miles of Indiana state highway system between now %nd Aug. 1 is expected to provide employment for 12.000 men, the State Highway Com mission announced today. Bruno Richard Hauptmann 3-Way Parley Planned as Powers Wait Hitler Reply British Cabinet Leaders Approve Conference on Defense. P.y United Pri ss LONDON, March 30.—Cabinet leaders today approved a plan for early British-French-Belgian staff conferences on joint land, sea and air defense against an unprovoked attack on any nation of the three, it was learned authoritatively. The conferences will begin prob ably April 6. Apparently with a view to placat ing German uneasiness ; i the staff talks, it was learned, Great Britain intends, when the time seems propi tious, to enable the German gen eral staff to join in the talks so that all four nations can arrange de fense plan against attack. Co-operation among air forces is to occupy first place and naval co operation second. For at least two or three years, harnessing the British army to the three-power schemes would be symbolic rather than strategic. FREEZING BREEZES, RAIN DUE TONIGHT Balmy Weather, to Leave, Bureau Says. The freezing weather, which the Weather Bureau has been expecting for the last two days, probably is to arrive here tonight accompanied by rain, it was announced today. Tomorrow is expected to be cloudy and colder. A high pressure area in the Northwest, which is moving in this direction, is going to cause this change, the Weather Bureau added. The mercury made a steady climb this morning. Times Index Births 17 1 Movies 13 Books 11 1 Mrs. Roosevelt 6 Bridge 11 Music 9 Clapper 11 Pegler 11 Comics 19 Pyle 12 Cross Word . 8 Radio 9 Editorials ... 12 Serial Story . 7 Fashions 7 Simms 11 Financial ... 18 Short Story . 19 Gardening .. 8 Society 6 Hoosier Editor 12 J Sports 14 Johnson 11 j State Deaths 20 Merry-Go-R’d 11 i Want Ads ...16 Kntered s. Second-Clas. Matter at l’ostoflfice, Indianapolis, Ind. Expected Statement by Der Fuehrer May Fix Europe’s Fate. Scripps-llowartl Newspaper Alliance PARIS, March 30.—Europe today awaits with utmost anxiety tomor rows pronouncement by Adolf Hitler. Coming as it does on the heels of yesterday’s plebiscite, the Fuehrer’s reply to the Locarno Powers tomor row may fix the fate of Europe. Though keenly aware of the tre mendous utakes involved, London, is increasingly pessimistic. And Paris is even more so. When Ambassador-at-Large Von Ribbentrop flew back to Germany to report to Hitler, he left British For eign Secretary Eden convinced that few if any concessions might be ex pected from that direction. Yet Eden has made it plain that unless Germany makes some constructive move for the sake of European peace, further progress will be diffi cult. Nations Want Assurance What Britain and France want most of all is assurance from Hitler that the Rhineland will not be re fortified. Fortification of the Rhineland would precipitate a crisis of the ut most gravity. France is frightened by occupation in force and reforti fleation. She could not easily go to the aid of Russia. Poland. Austria or the Little Entente in the event of German aggression, as treaties call for her to do. The British are as aware as Is France that Germany will soon be the strongest power in Europe. Un less she can be brought into a general peace pact the only pos sible security for Britain, France, Belgium and Italy is some sort of entcae. HARAP IS REPORTED lIN RUINS AFTER BOMBING 40 Said to Be Dead. 120 Injured Following Italian Raid. By United Press ADDIS ABABA, March 30.—Harar. second city of Ethiopia, was reported in smouldering ruins today after a merciless bomb and machine gun attack by 37 Italian airplanes. The town was undefended. Early" reports said that 40 persons were killed and 120 wounded. The church of St. Savior, the Catholic church mission, the radio station, the prison, the Egyptian hospital, were reported destroyed. A large part of the Swedish hospital was reported in ruins. Jersey Pardons Board to Decide Whether Swift Series of Developments Is to Delay Execution. TWO ‘CONFESSIONS’ ARE INCLUDED Hoffman Aid to Introduce Evidence Linking Fisch to Crime, Is Report; Wilentz Appears Unworried. (Copyright, 1936, by United Press) TRENTON, N. J., March 30.—The New Jersey Court of Pardons assembled in solemn session at the Statehouse today to decide whether a swift series of fantastic develop ments in the Lindbergh kidnaping will delay the scheduled execution of Bruno Richard Hauptmann tomorrow night. Investigators and members of the court hastened across the wide, sun-tioored sidewalk in front of the dingy gray stone building before the court convened bearing ex hibits and new evidence to aid Gov. Harold G. Hoffman in his battle to prevent the execution until the Lindbergh mys tery is solved. Chief among the investigators was Robert W. Hicks, 'FORGIVES' HIS PRUSEGUTURS Bruno Turns to Religion as Hour of Scheduled Death Nears. (Copyright. 1936. by United Press) TRENTON. N. J., March 30. Bruno Richard Hauptmann, with death only hours away, has turned toward religion and “forgiven" the men who prosecuted him. It was learned today that under the guidance of his spiritual adviser, the Rev. John Matthiesen, the con demned slayer is now engrossed in prayer. His attitude is, in contras! to that at his Flemington trial in January, 1935, when he spent his time reading Wild West and detec tive stories. The change has been gradual. Hauptmann still is not what might be termed deeply religious but Mr. Matthiesen’s kindly teachings have brought him back to the Lutheran faith of his fathers. The minister, whose confidence in Hauptmann’s innocence is un swerving, recalled the occasion when the German carpenter “cleaned his heart” of feeling against Attorney General David Wilentz and other members of the prosecution. Mother Is Confident By Uniied Press KAMENZ, Germany, March 30. — Bruno Richard Hauptmann’s aged mother, apparently confident that her son will not die tomorrow night as the convicted kidnaper of the Lindbergh baby, was an early voter in yesterday's Reichstag election. She was suffering from a cold, which she said she caught Friday while standing in the market place listening to Adolf Hitler's speech over a loud speaker. UHIU'S FLUUD GUEST NEAR AT EVANSVILLE River Receding Above New Albany, Report. As the flood-swollen Ohio River spread slowly through the lowlands near Evansville today, McLain S. Collom, weather observer, predicted a crest of 44.5 feet Wednesday. With flood stage in Evansville at 35 feet, the level reported today was 44.2 feet. Most of the residents in the lowlands south of Evansville evacuated their homes as the river continued to rise. Upstream from New Albany, the river was falling, but observers pre dicted it would be several days be fore normal levels are reached. Evansville is protected by 36 Coast Guardsmen, six power boats and two survey airplanes. More than a score of refugees are being cared for at Canneltony More than 500 persons residing in the low lands near Evansville have been re moved to higher ground by WPA workers. Headquarters have been estab lished near Evansville by the Red Cross and Salvation Army. Meanwhile, a renewed Red Cross appeal was made today in Indian apolis. The Marion County total reached $19,225.99 by this noon. MA U R ICE WILKERSON, POLICE OFFICER, DIES Sergeant Apparently Victim of Heart Disease at 49. Police Sergt. Maurice Roscoe Wil kerson died today at his home. 2007 N. Harding-st. apparently of heart disease. He had seemed to be in' good health Saturday when he was last seen by his fellow officers. Yes terday was his regular day off. Sergt. Wilkerson, who was 49 was unmarried and lived with his mother and sister, who survive him. He was appointed to the force in 1920 and ; was made a sergeant in 1931. I FINAL HOME PRICE THREE CENTS a Washington detective, who carried a small box-like device that resembled a bureau drawer. Hicks said it was a model he used in measuring sawcuts on boards from the attic of Hauptmann’s home in the Bronx—boards which were alleged to have been used in the ladder which the kidnaper built to climb into the Lindbergh nursery and steal the child. “Admits” Baby Kidnaping Attorney General David T. Wil entz apparently was convinced that sensational week-end developments which might have delayed the exe cution, had been discounted as harmless to the prosecution. Tile developments included the arrest of Paul Wendel and the fil ing against him by the chief of Mercer County detectives a charge of murdering the Lindbergh baby. Wendel, seized in New York on Feb. 14. had confessed to Burlington County Detective Ellis Parker, in vestigating for Hoffman, that he kidnaped the baby. When brought to the jail here Saturday night he repudiated the confession. Wilentz and County Prosecutor Erwin Marshall agreed that the confession was untrue and said the murder charge would be dismissed tomorrow—shortly before the Haupt mann execution—when Wendel is scheduled to be taken before the grand jury. It was learned that Detective James S. Kirkham filed the murder charge without instructions from his superior. It also was stated that Kirkham and Parker long have been friends. Claims New Evidence C. Lloyd Fisher, arguing for the court to exercise its absolute pow ers to delay execution or to com mute sentence, and Frederick A. Pope, also of defense counsel, con ferred briefly just before the court Fisher said he had “some new evidence,” but declined to comment further. Only seven of the eight mem bers of the court were present. Judge George Van Buskirk was ill and unable to attend. Before the court met, William (Turn to Page Three) 2 WOMEN OVERCOME BY GAS FUMES HERE Victim Collapses After Draft Blows Out Flames. Two women were overcome by gas today when a draft blew out the flames of a kitchen stove burner. Mrs. Vivian Brankamp, 20, who collapsed in the front room of her home. 832 Dawson-st, was taken to City Hospital for treatment. Her mother-in-law, Mrs. Omelia Bran kamp, 65. became 111 after she had gone to the back yard and shouted for help. A neighbor. Irvin Ressinger, 42, 828 Dawson-st. threw open the win dows in the house and called po lice. The women had been heating water on the stove when the burner went out. TOWNSEND TAKES HELM IN DEFENSE OF PLAN Congressional Supporters Seek to Restore Harmony With Clements. By United A'rm* WASHINGTON, March 30. —Dr. Francis E. Townsend took personal charge today of the defense of his old-age pension plan before a con gressional hearing to be resumed Wednesday. He expected to confer with his lieutenants to lay defense plans and to prepare for his expected appear ance before the House investigating committee later this week. Congressional supporters of the Townsend movement sought to bring Townsend and his co-founder. Rob ert E. Clements, together to restore Harmony to the high command of the organization. Clements, who re signed last week, is to resume his testimony Wednesday before the House group. Charles M. Schwab’s Mother Dies By United Brett* JOHNSTOWN, Pa., March 30 Mrs. Pauline Schwab, mother of Charles M. Schwab, died today at her home near here. She was 93.