Newspaper Page Text
BLACK LEGION LINK IN SHRINE BLAZEHUNTED Fire at Coughlin’s Church Is Drawn Into Inquiry at Detroit. 4 PRISON GUARDS FIRED Alleged Activity in Group Brings Action by Michi gan Warden. (Another Story on Page 22) Py United Press DETROIT, May 26.—The burning of Father Charles E. Coughlin’s original Shrine of the Little Flower at Royal Oak, Mich , last March 17 Is being investigated as a possible terroristic activity of the Black Le gion in its fight against Roman Catholicism, Prosecutor Duncan C. McCrea said this afternoon. “The burning of Father Cough lin’s shrine is a definite part of our investigation,” McCrea said. “We have not, as yet, found anything definite to connect the fire with the legion, but we are pursuing our in quiry in that direction.” The original shrine, a one-story Wooden structure where the radio priest gained international fame for his sermons against Wall-st brokers, international finance and politics, was destroyed early on the morning of St. Patrick’s Day. Its loss was said to be $30,000 but Father Coughlin characterized its “intrinsic value as Irreparable.” Coughlin Not Available At the time, the priest said there Was no reason to suspect incendiar ism. Reports of Royal Oak fire officials bore out his contention that the blaze resulted from defective Wiring. Father Coughlin was not immediately available for comment pn McCrea’s announcement. McCrea emphasized that his in vestigation of the Black Legion’s activities, which today had spread to reports of bombings and arson during recent months, had not turn ed from other channels into that of the shrine fire. But he added: “It is one of those things we are examining carefully.” What his investigators had turned tip concerning the Shrine fire, Mc jDrea did not disclose. Two More Prison Guards Fired While the Detroit inquir turned Into this channel, the graid jury investigation at Jackson, resulted in the issuance of warrants against lour men on charges of kidnaping end assaulting a WPA worker. Warden Harry Jackson of the Btate prison for southern Michi gan, announced the dismissal of two more guards as a consequence of the investigation. This made four who have lost their posts for al leged Black Legion activities. NcCrea’s investigator, Harry Col burn, raided five homes and stores in suburban Ecorse and uncovered what he said was definite proof of (Turn to Page Three) PEDESTRIAN ‘SCHOOL’ ARRANGED BY POLICE Meridian and Washington-St Corner to Be “Classroom.” Beginning tomorrow, the inter section at Meridian and Washing ton-sts is to become the center of a pedestrian educational campaign, Traffic Capt. Lewis Johnson said to day. No vehicular turns are to be al lowed at the intersection, and the bus zone on the northwest corner has been moved further north. Pedestrians will be warned to “cross with the green light,” Capt. Johnson said. GAMING JUG ‘ALL WET’; CITY POLICE SEIZE IT Idea Was to Drop Penny Into Glass in Jug of W T ater. The police gaming squad, familiar with almost every type of gambling, chalked up anew one for the books today. At 550 W. Washington-st, police .onfiscated a gallon jug of water in which a glass had been placed. Gamblers were supposed to drop pennies through a slot in the top of the jug. If the penny fell in the glass, which it usually failed to do, the winner got a drink on the house. In the jug police found $1.73. RULES SLOW DRIVING MAY BE RECKLESS, TOO [Taxi Driver Given Suspended Fine by Municipal Judge. Municipal Judge Charles J. Kara bell ruled today that a reckless driv er may be one who drives too slow as well as one who speeds recklessly. Patrolman Harry Smith said that Clarence Bartholomew, a taxi driv er, was halting traffic on Illinois-st recently by driving too slowly. Bar tholomew was given a suspended line on the reckless driving charge. LITTLE TEMPERATURE CHANGE IS FORECAST Showers Possible, Bureau Reports; Mercury Hits 81 at 1. No change in temperature is the weather forecast today, but unset tled conditions may bring showers, the United States V/eather Bureau reported. The te nperature was rising, reaching 81 at 1 this after noon. The Indianapolis Times FORECAST: Partly cloudy and occasionally unsettled tonight and tomorrow; not much change in temperature. VOLUME 48—NUMBER 65 Reign of Terror, Murder Laid to Secret Order 7“ WMSM > fc. This triple-thonged whip of heavy leather, fastened to a stout hickory stick three feet long, was the official instrument of torture of the Black Legion, Michigan authorities charge. The whip, police say, was found in the home of Ray Ernest, alleged to be a “brigadier general” in the organization. Members wore hoods and robes of the type donned by the officer posing with the lash. NORMAL SCHOOL LEADERS RESIGN Quit After Dean Is Fired in Probe of Alleged ‘Diploma Mill/ Central Normal College, Danville, today had anew president, Dr. C. H. Griffey, and anew registrar, Chester Elson, a Danville high school teacher, following an investigation of charges that a former dean had operated an alleged “diploma mill” in the school. Trustees have canceled the con tract of Dean N. W. Pinkerton. The resignations of President Waldo Wood and Registrar Valentine Pleasant have been accepted. “The school board exonerates President Wood and Mrs. Pleasant from any alleged irregularities. Not a dollar paid out for credits has been paid into the school, declared Otis E. Gulley, school board chair man. Dr. Pinkerton, who had taught at Central Normal 10 years, could not be reached but he is said to have denied the charges in a state ment to the State Board of Educa tion and its investigators. “All of my acts were done by and in the knowledge of Dr. Wood and sometimes at his demand. If any credits were sold, I don’t know by whom or for whom,” he is said to have declared. Seven Statements Claimed Meantime, the teachers’ licensing division of the Board of Education, through Clarence L. Murray, direc tor of teacher training, disclosed that further inquiry into diplomas and licenses issued by the school would depend on the action of the State Board of Education meeting in June. Floyd I. McMurray, state super intendent of public instruction, de clared that he believed not more than 20 licenses of teachers were involved, and that in only seven, or possibly 10, had money been paid. He said licenses of Central Nor mal graduates would be studied as they came before the licensing di vision Mr. Murray said that statements had been obtained from seven stu dents of the normal school, and that in four of these it was alleged that money had been paid for credits which were not received or for school work which had not been done. President Wood denied charges of Dr. Pinkerton that he knew of the alleged sale of credits. Gov. McNutt said today he had known of the Danville situation for some time and had urged the State Board of Education to “clean out” the school. “I think a thorough investigation should be made of each case where money Is alleged to have been given for credits not earned. I do not be lieve the licenses should be revoked without a hearing,” he said. Enroll Early for Test in Times-Loew’s Local Film Want a movie test? Want to see how you look on the screen? Want to hear your voice in a pro fessionally directed and produced talking picture? All right, then listen to this: Applications for parts in the real movie producton, “It Happened in Indianapolis,” are now being ac cepted! Here are all the details for those who are interested, and that probably means all Indianapolis. This all-local film is being spon sored by The Indianapolis Times and Loew’s Theater. All persons in the city between the ages of 16 and 22 inclusive are invited to try for a part in the production which will be filmed from start to finish In Indianapolis and with a 100 per cent local cast. of this interest- Our Town By ANTON SCHERRER ON the northeast corner of Mar ket and Noble-sts is a two story red brick building housing the office and wareroom of the Allied Paper Stock Cos. A hundred years ago it was the site of Uncle Tom Magruder’s cabin the original Uncle Tom of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s immortal book. Os course, nonody—not even this column—can say for sure that this is so, but it’s one of those things easier to believe than not to believe, especially if you have any faith in the validity of coincidences. In the first place, there is the co incidence of Mrs. Stowe’s brother living in Indianapolis at the time. Henry Ward Beecher lived on the site of the old synagog on Market st, a leisurely walk of two blocks to Uncle Tom’s cabin, and it is a matter of record that he often visited the old Negro. Mr. Beecher developed a fondness for the old man and didn’t care who knew it. He said so. It is known, too, that Mrs. Stowe visited her brother and that he took her to see Uncle Tom. Indeed, (Turn to Page 14) TAX BILL DRAFTERS ASK F. D. R. TO AID Senate Committee to Meet With President Tonight. ■By United Prett WASHINGTON, May 26. Pres ident Roosevelt was called upon today in a final effort by Senate Finance Committee members to whip into shape the Administra tion’s tax bill. At the request of Chairman Pat Harrison of the Finance Committee Mr. Roosevelt agreed to meet with Democratic members of the commit tee tonight at the White House. It was expected that the commit tee's draft of the complex, revised bill would be submitted for Mr. Roosevelt’s approval. Final details were being ironed out by the com mittee today. Hoosier Publisher Dead NEWCASTLE, Ind., May 26.—Je thro Wickersham Parker, editor and publisher of the New-Republican, died today. He was the son of Ben jamin S. Parker, Indiana author and poet. ing talking picture has a double purpose. First, it will give local amateurs an opportunity to test their ability before the motion pic ture camera under the same condi tions as those in Hollywood; and secondly, it gives the executives of the industry a chance to take many screen tests with the possibility that they may discover a promising screen personality. Ann Loring, whom you may have seen in M-G-M’s “Robinhood of El Dorado,” started in a similar event. This is no invitation to go to Hollywood. Rather, it is an invita tion to get a taste of movie-making as one of the actors right here in Indianapolis, to see yourself in pic tures, to hear your voice speaking from the screen, to work under a (Turn to Page Three) TUESDAY, MAY 26, 1936 \WMBBKBRBmfr' '--msm? v TL‘ -X* nIHMTK •-X xXx X I&S9KS BT -lg \ fi H Jp! W-" ? fj WJH B S 1 W m * * 41* §mmM lliillHl Jmi W iW ■ .• Sullen and disheveled, hiding their faces, this group of suspects in the vigilante slaying of Charles A. Poole stood mute on arraignment in a Detroit court. They were held without bail for further examination. Murder warrants were issued against 25 alleged members of the Black Legion, as authorities started a far flung investigation of the organization. The Legion is declared to be patterned after the Ku-Klux Klan, vowing deadly enmity toward Jews, Catholics, Negroes and Communists. ’;■ fUf ; wBBHBr ‘ r * Jll M&vt inr ast I,# * V % * WESBBrg \ W , : > A m a! Wmk L X I , ~ \ J!| wd li§l BKSnB i SiEßill B|gLv.v.C) ■ ’—l ' JWfl>v> Telling her story of terror to Jackson (Mich.) police, Mrs. Maida Every is shown here with her son Ralph as she accused Ray Ernest, Jackson state prison guard, of leading a hooded band which flogged her husband. Paul Every died a few weeks later, the cause being given as heart disease. The victim had been a member of the Black Legion and is alleged to have been slain to' seal his lips when he tried to quit the terrorists. POLICE OPEN DRIVE ON PICKPOCKET SUSPECTS St. Louis Man Is Charged With Vagrancy; Bond Set at S2OOO. Police picking up pickpockets to protect purses of persons expected to people the Speedway said they produced one in the person of Ted Bell, 31, Negro, who gave his address as St. Louis. He blithely admitted to police that he had been arrested “about 100 times,” they said. Bell was arrested this morning at Illinois and Washington-sts and is held under S2OOO bond on a vagrancy charge. Bell was arrested on the complaint of Harry Bledsoe, 4064 Graceland-av, who charged that Bell tried to pick his pocket yesterday morning on a West In dianapolis bus. SHIPS MENACED BY FIERCE DOCK BLAZE Half-Mile Area Swept by San Francisco Fire. By United fy-ett SAN FRANCISCO, May 26.—Fire, sweeping through millions of feet of stacked lumber and endangering a half dozen ships, spread over a half mile front today. Blazing oil on the surface of the channel added to the hazards. Three large lumber yards were in flames. The endangered ships, two of them loaded with lumber, were trapped in a flaming sea and were cut adrift. Great columns of dense black smoke were visible for miles around San Francisco Bay. TOWNSEND AIDS DEFY HOUSE INVESTIGATORS Ignore Subpenas to Appear Before Congressional Committee. By United Prett WASHINGTON, May 26. —The “Townsend revolt” against the House old-age pension investigating committee spread today to subordin ates of Dr. Francis E. Townsend when two of his lieutenants failed to appear in answer to a subpena. John B. Kiefer. Chicago, and the Rev. Clinton L. Wunder, New York, both members of the directorate of the Old Age Revolving Pension, Ltd., followed their leader today in his dramatic defiance of the congres sional committee. 5 BURN TO DEATH IN BLAZING FOREST 50,000 Acres in New Jer sey Ravaged by Flames. By United Prett TUCKERTON, N. J., Mpy 26.—A forest fire which burned five men to death and ravaged Cv 000 acres of cranberry bog and shrub timber land was burning itself out today. Unless wind arises and whips the dwindling flames over fire lines hastily dug up by 2000 men that battled the forest fire for 24 hours, danger of additional damage ap peared remote. A half dozen fires smouldered in five southern New Jersey counties but the most destructive blaze was between Tuckerton and Chatsworth. This fire started Saturday night and reached its peak shortly before last midnight, when it trapped a group of CCC workers and volunteer fire fighters. Eight men were burned seriously. They were treated at hos pitals. MAY WHEAT BREAKS IN LAST-MINUTE DEALINGS Price Off IV, Crate After Bitter Lonf and Short Battle. By United Prett CHICAGO, May 26.—May wheat prices broke 4% cents a bushel in the final minutes on the Chicago Board of Trade after a spectacular battle between longs and shorts in the last session for closing out May contracts. SENATOR BORAH Gives his plat form as a presi dential candidate ON PAGE ONE, SECOND SECTION TODAY ★ ★ Tomorrow: Frank Knox ROME RENEWS TALKOF WAR Use of British Cruiser by Selassie Seen as Cause of Anaer. (Copyright, 1936, by United Press) ROME. May 26.—War talk was renewed today while Emperor Haile Selassie aproached Gibraltar in a British warship on his way to Lon don. Mounting anger seemed to point clearly to anew period of dangerous tension. Great Britain was spot lighted once more as pursuing poli cies inimical to Italy. Anger was expressed not only be cause Britain put a cruiser at the disposal of the Emperor, but at the prospect, which Italians regard as a. certainty, that with his arrival London will become a focal point for a campaign of anti-Italian propaganda. Under the surface, indications are that Italian leaders are alarmed at what they consider the Increasingly dangerous European situation. SELASSIE TO~REMAIN INCOGNITO IN LONDON Emperor Apparently Eager to Spare Britain Embarrassment. By United Press LONDON, May 26. Emperor Haile Selassie, apparently eager to spare the government some of the embarrassment which his visit to London might cause, has informed the foreign office that he desires to remain incognito during his stay in Great Britain, it was learned today. This means that the government will be able to regard him as a pri vate person. He will be received with deference and will be met by gov ernment representatives. It also is likely that early in his visit he will meet King Edward and government leaders. But he will not be the gov ernment’s guest nor be greeted with the ceremonious honors customarily afforded a foreign sovereign. REINFORCEMENTS SENT BY JAPAN TO CHINA Four Transports of Troops Reported on Way to Tientsin. By United Press TIENTSIN, China, May 26 Four Japanese army transports laden with infantry and cavalry are on their way to northern China, it was announced officially today. The transports are due at Chin wangtao, on the coast, Friday, and the troops will arrive here Friday night. They will be quartered at the gi gantic new Japanese military air drome and barracks which is near ing completion on the Hopei plain three miles from Tientsin, capable of quartering 15,000 men. BUILDING PERMITS GAIN Report for Year Shows Total of $2,194,994 Spent for Construction. Building permits in Indianapolis increased during the year, a report made by William F. Hurd, building commissioner, showed today. Mr. Hurd’s report for the year ending May 23 showed 341 permits were Issued for buildings valued at $2,194,994, compared with 134 per mits for a valuation of $1,221,936 during the preceding year. Times Index Births 8 Books 13 Bridge 10 Broun 13 Clapper 13 Comics 21 Crossword ... 6 Curious World. 4 Editorials .... 14 Fashions 10 Financial ....16 Fishbein 14 Flynn 16 Forum 14 Grin, Bear It. 13 Hunt 13 Jane Jordan.. 10 Merry-Go-R’d 13 Movies 15 Mrs. Ferguson 14 Mrs. Roosevelt 10 Obituaries 8 Pegler 13 Pyle 14 Questions 14 Radio 6 Scherrer 14 Science, Dietz 14 Serial Story .. 7 Short Story . .21 Society li Sports 17 State Deaths. 9 Wiggam 13 Entered as Second-Clas* Matter •••• st Postoffice, Indianapolis, Ind. STATE WELFARE ACT PRAISED AT PAROLE PARLEY Lack of Space, Employment for Prisoners Held Biggest Handicaps. RECALL KUNKEL REPORT Institution Heads Seeking Means to End Idleness Among Inmates. BY TRISTRAM COFFIN The two greatest problems faced in the operation of Indi ana’s six penal and corrective institutions are lack of space and useful employment for prisoners. These facts were disclosed from the last available reports by institu tion heads today, as the Central States Probation and Parole Confer ence opened in the Claypool. Indiana State Prison, Michigan City, with a total of 103 acres and a planned capacity of 2300 inmates, has a population today of 2466 pris oners. Statistical reports show that the average inmate at the prison is a previous offender serving a 1 to 10 year term, 30 years old, married and having one child, unemployed, lit erate with education up to one year in high school and in good mental and physical health. He is Ameri can born of American born parents, white, uses alcohol, smokes and left home in his 'teens. Os a total of 2417 prisoners ques tioned, 1004 were first offenders and 1413 were “repeaters.” jDf the same total 1491 pleaded guilty, 863 pleaded not guilty and 63 pleaded insanity. Os 892 prisoners questioned at the Indiana State Reformatory, Pendle ton, 256 were first offenders, 486 were re-committed and 150 had pre viously been guilty of misdemeanors. Although the average cronological age of the 894 reformatory inmates was 22 years and 7 months, the aver age mental age of 885 was 12 years and one month. Annual Cost Per Man $230 Prisoners over 30, except those convicted of first or second degree murder or sentenced to life impris onment are sent to the prison. Those from 16 to 30 generally are sent to the reformatory. The average gross cost for a man each year in the prison, which has an average daily population of 2375, is $230.66. In his report dated June 30, 1935, Warden Louis E. Kunkel of the state prison said: “May I once more urgently re quest . . . that you exert every pos sible effort to secure necessary ap propriations for new buildings. “The hospital for criminal insane is not of sufficient size to properly care for a rapidly increasing crim inal insane population. At the present time we have a number of men who should be housed in the criminal insane hospital, but lack of quarters prevents. “Idleness presents a continual problem and, at the present time, plans are being made to further eliminate the hazard of idleness among inmates.” Population of the reformatory, with a capacity of 1400, is 2146 to day. At the Indiana. Woman’s Prison, Indianapolis, it is 149. There were 1006 prisoners at the Indiana State Farm, Putnamville, June 30, 1935; the average daily attendance at the Indiana Boys’ School, Plain field, is 478, and at the Indiana Girls’ School, Clermont, 271. 259 Paroled Last Year The State Clemency Commission in five sessions from January, 1935, through January, 1936, was able to hear 1742 cases. Os this number 259 were paroled, 150 commuted, six pardoned, 17 paroled and fines re mitted, one commuted and fine re mitted and one final discharge for parole granted. Only two paroles were revoked, but 1163 petitions for clemency were denied and 105 cases were con tinued. 9 The commission, which each year (Turn to Page Three) PROFIT-TAKING OFFSETS EARLY MORNING GAINS! Fair Demand Is Evidenced for Rails and Utilities. By United Prett NEW YORK, May 26.—Moderate profit-taking this afternoon reduced gains of fractions to 2 points made in the morning on the Stock Ex change. Most of the leaders remained above the previous close, however. Ralls and utilities were in fair de mand. Those five cute little Dionne sisters are about to celebrate their second birthday tomorrow. In observance, The Times will publish tomorrow a special Quins’ Birthday Edition. A full page of the latest Dionne pic tures, in natural color, is included in the six-page supplement. FINAL! HOME PRICE THREE CENTS Law Will Permit Scientific Attitude on Sentences, Prof. White Says. FAIR TEST IS ASSURED Address Is Heard by 450 Delegates Present From 40 States. BY SAM TYNDALL Through the newly created Division of Corrections in the Indiana State Department of Public Welfare, it will be pos sible, for the first time, to give scientific determination of sentences a fair trial, Dr. R. Clyde White, Indiana Uni versity Social Research direc tor, said today. Dr. White, who has supervised numerous surveys and studies on crime and penal reform, was a mem ber of the Governor’s committee of experts who assisted in the drafting of the new Public Welfare Act. He spoke at the opening session of the third annual four-day con vention of the Central States Pro bation and Parole Conference in the Claypool. More than 450 delegates repre senting 40 states are in attendance. The conference, to continue for four days in the Claypool, is ex pected to bring more than 450 dele gates here to create co-operation between states in probation, insti tutional care, parole supervision, and rehabilitation of probationers and parolees in general. The program, in charge of Philip Lutz Jr., Indiana Attorney General, is to be composed of addresses and discussions on nearly every phase of parole and probation. Scully Opens Conference George T. Scully, conference president, and superintendent of Illinois parolees, delivered the open ing address at 10. Mrs. Sarah Schaar’s Legal Aid De partment Supervisor of the Chicago Jewish Welfare, also addressed the conference. “Through the new Public Welfare Act,” Dr. White said, “Indiana now also has the machinery for a thor oughly modern administration of penal and correctional institutions and agencies.” He said that the new act makes possible the employment of a tech nical staff to determine the fitness of a prisoner for parole and gives the state department full power to obtain good supervision. Clemency Law to Be Used Emphasizing the difficulties of good parole work, he said that, “if parole can be granted according to scientific principles, as we now be lieve it can, and if the object of cor rectional treatment is to restore the offender to society and make a good citizen of him, then there should not be any arbitrary obstacles to the application of a scientific treatment, such as fixed sentences. “Under the Welfare Act there seems to be a way of overcoming this obstacle sufficiently to give scientific determination of sentence a fair trial. This can be ac complished through the law relating to clemency,” he said. “The Governor has the power to commute any sentence. The Divi sion of Corrections is required by the law to initiate proceedings look ing toward commutation of sen tences, after which the Commission on Clemency examines the case and makes recommendations to th® Governor. Treated as Patient “What is proposed here is that the State Department take as its major premise regarding the offend er, the proposition that he is a pa tient and should be treated with the same scientific acumen as an insane person would be treated. “When the offender is ready for parole, he is released as a conval escing patient and is supervised by a battery of experts, with the parole officer of the county acting as the family physician.” Prisons are necessary evils and they should play as small a part as possible in the life of any person who is expected to return to society, Mrs. Schaar told the conference. She said that, as at present constituted, the prison has only a negative place in the treatment of crime. Mrs. Scharr stated that the train ing of a probation and parole offi cer should include an ability to ana lyze personality and to use such analysis in treatment. “It should include a thorough knowledge of community resources, educational, vocational, religious, recreational, medical and the like, and should include skill in integrat ing these resources in the service of the probationer,” she said. In his address Mr. Scully con gratulated Indiana on being the first state to recognize the value and necessity of compacts between states for reciprocal supervision and after care of probationers. He urged that the convention adopt a resolution urging the co ordination and standardization among the states of the many and various state systems. He said only 14 states have adopted intersttuj compacts.