Newspaper Page Text
The Indianapolis Times (A MCBirpa-HOWARU NEWSPAPER) rot W HOWARD President LVDWELL DKNNT Editor EARL D. BAKER ......... Business Manager Ghg i,tght and the r*opla Will Find Their oten Way Mcnihcr of United I’roas. Scrlpp*- Howtrd Newspaper Alliance. Newt paper Enterprlaa Atanciation. Newspaper Informal lon Service and Audit Bureau of Circulations. Owned and published dally (ex cept Sunday) by The Jndlanapolla Times Publishing Cos., 214-220 W. Maryland-st, Indianapolis. lnd. Brice In Marion County. 3 cents a copy; delivered by carrier. 12 cents a week. Mall subscription rales In Indiana, S3 a year; out side of Indiana, 65 cents a month. er&S: Rhone R 1 ley 5551 WEDNESDAY, MAY 27, 1331! EMPLOYMENT CONFERENCE r I 'HE twenty-fourth annual convention of the In ternational Association of Public Employment Services, opening here today, probably finds these agcncips in better position to study the unemploy ment problem than ever before. The reason is that more specific information is available. For example, when the Indiana State Employ ment Service was being developed a few years ago, there was little knowledge of employment conditions and trends and the makeup of the unemployed pop ulation. Machinery for gathering these statistics was set up. In recent months, the Indiana service has been able to break down this information to get a picture of geographical distribution, the occupa tional classifications, industrial background, age, sex and other facts about the jobless. The groundwork for maintaining current infor mation on the unemployed population in Indiana has been laid. A pressing need, of course, is to get n liable statistics on the situation for the entire country. The American Federation of Labor, the United States Chamber of Commerce and other groups usually are far apart in their estimates. When a complete census of the jobless is available, much of the guesswork can be eliminated from efforts to provide safeguards against economic insecurity. This convention will focus attention on Federal state unemployment compensation plans under the Federal Social Security Act. W. Frank Persons, di rector of the United States Employment Service, is listed among the prominent speakers. Martin F. Carpenter, director of the Indiana State Employ ment Service, also is president of the international association. The scheduled three-day program Is filled with important discussions that should promote better un derstanding of the unemployment compensation laws and of the entire problem of economic security. AT LAST, A SHOWDOWN “V/fOST of the charges of bringing political pres -LYA sure to bear on recipients of relief have been vague and general. The Indiana investigation re futed some of the sweeping criticisms of WPA ad ministration. Several specific complaints were cleared up. But while WPA officials claimed vindl* cation by the report, New Deal critics insisted the inquiry proved the existence of partisan bias. . Now Republican National Committeeman Curtis of Missouri has come forward with charges that are specific, with names, dates and places, describ ing alleged irregularities in Missouri, where the Pendergast Democratic machine dominates. These charges demand specific answers. WPA Administrator Harry Hopkins, it is said, has accepted the challenge, is checking up on the alle gations and will reply in specific language. Devel opments should be interesting. “EVEN SO, IT IS BETTER” OANFORD BATES, director of Federal prisons and one of the nation’s leading authorities on crime prevention and control, made a convincing defense of the parole system once when it was under attack. With Mr. Bates scheduled to address the Central States Parole and Probation Conference here Friday, his earlier statement is worth repeating. He said: “Granted that care should be taken in the ad ministration of parole, that it should be granted only after the defendant has served a sufficient time in the institution, that its administration should be absolutely divorced from political and other ulterior influences, that its award should be based on a full possession of the facts of the crime, the character of the inmate and the environment to which he must return; granted that parole boards are human and have not the miraculous power to foresee future violations; granted all these things, nevertheless, it can be maintained that whenever the logical time arrives for the release of the prisoner, it is infiinitely better and more consistent with the proper protec tion of our communities that they be released under parole supervision rather than turned loose, as must be the case when they have completely served out the whole of their allotted sentence. “When we come to this conclusion, we shall rec ognize parole, as well as probation and prison dis cipline, as an integral and necessary part of any penal system. We shall discontinue our criticism of it as a method, and concentrated upon the improve ment of its administration." “POOR MAN’S COURTS” 'T'HE report showing that one of the municipal courts at police headquarters disposed of 1158 cases during the first 25 days of May emphasizes a problem facing many cities. Under the present sys tem dockets are so crowded that swift settlement is necessary. Municipal courts have been called the “poor man's courts." From them the poor, the uneducated and the unfortunate form lasting impressions about the administration of justice. When the system requires that cases be tried and disposed of on the average of one every few minutes, one wonders how much judicial consideration each case gets. It raises the question whether "poor man's court" is not a mis nomer. The municiplal court system of our cities has been called the “stepchild of our judicial system.’.’ It has been neglected by the bench, the bar. legislators and by the public. It is not surprising that many whose only contact with the law is through such courts have lost confidence in the judiciary and in the legal profession. Chicago and some of the other larger cities are revamping the setup of their courts, increasing the number of Judges and restricting their Jurisdictions. Without such a reorganization, there seems no short cut to better municipal administration of justice. FLEEING TAXATION FROM Nassau, a New York Times correspondent report* that wealthy Americans are secretly Investing millions in property in the Bahama Islands for ths purpose of evading high United States in tome taxes. The Bahamas are British-pwned, but under their autonomous government have no in come taxes. An involved exchange procedure is followed, it is said, by which credit for these purchases is obscure ly routed out of the United States; and the proper ties are purchased and developed by companies of which Bahamiam business men lend their names, concealing the identity of the actual American in vestors. We suggest that this report be jotted down in the memory of Americans who stay at home and do We suggest that this report be jotted down in that something may happen some day in Bahamas threatening the security of American Investments there. In that event, of course, our State Depart ment will be called upon to make appropriate protests. BREAK, BREAK, BREAK 'THE presidential campaign so far has been little more than a big boner contest between the two major parties. Until Gen. Farley in hr: Grand Rapids speech patronizingly referred to Alf Landon as “the Gov ernor of a typical prairie state,” the Republicans were walking away with honors. Senator Dickinson of lowa had raised howls of laughter by his famous dog food speech. The G. O. P. publicity chief has made four prominent political columnists hot under the collar by suggesting that Republican editors would find their pieces rich with the right kind of doctrine. National Chairman Fletcher had openly invoked the services of 16 eminent industrialists, among them several Liberty Leaguers, to pass the hat for campaign funds. The G. O. P. National Com mittee had named a boomerang Brain Trust. Then came the Farley slur on Kansas, a real prize-winning boner. It was almost in a class with Joe Grundy’s high tariff appeal in which he told Congress to ignore the “backward states,’’’ and Senator Mc-ses’ bon mot about “sons of the wild jackass," two historic blunders that went far toward weaning the West from the Republican Party. But apparently the Republicans are just not going to let Farley get away with the honor. From Wichita comes the story that the head of Gov. Landon's state police force, acLing under orders from the Attorney General, led a raid on a half dozen night clubs, smashing bars, ripping up floors and wrecking property in the true Carrie Nation tra dition in search for liquor—none of which was found. Thus, unjustly, may be ruined much of the careful build-up of Kansas’ Landon as a tolerant sort of fellow. It looks as if all the possible boners have been used up before the campaign has really begun. But party leaders are resourcelul, and there are still five months to go. THE PEOPLE SPEAK 'T'HE American people, in the proportion of more A than 6 to 4, favor ratifying the pending Child Labor Amendment, according to a sample poll of voters in all the states made by the American In stitute of Public Opinion. Replying to the question, “Do you favor an amendment to the Constitution giving Congress the power to limit, regulate and prohibit the labor of persons under 18?’’ sixty-one per cent voted yes, 39 per cent no. t The poll reveals that if this amendment were submitted to the people of the states, 45 states would ratify by popular referendum, while only three— Kansas, South Dakota and Maryland—would reject it. Interesting to the voters this November will be the fact that only 46 per cent of Republican voters replying favored the amendment, while 72 per cent of the Democrats favored it. City folks in the 10 biggest cities voted 66 to 34 for the amendment, but farmers voted against it 54 to 46. The other big sup porting groups were young people, women and Socialists. What does this mean? What, but that tha people’s legislatures are playing the people false? This amendment was sub mitted to the states in 1524, two years after the United States Supreme Court held the second child labor law unconsitutional. Since then, in all these 12 years, only 24 states out of the necessary 36 have ratified. Among the rest 22 states have rejected the amendment and two—Alabama and Rhode Island— havd refused to act at all. Thus. 21 states in which the voters apparently favor ratification have refused to act in accordance with the people’s wishes. Here is an issue couched in the simplest of terms. It is good economics and humanity in its most ele mentary form. Yet, whether from stupidity, mis information or moral callousness one-half of the Legislatures have defeated all efforts to take children out of jobs their jobless elders should have. More than 2,000,000 youngsters under 18 working at wages while 10 million elders are idle! This story of justice deferred to the nation’s youth illustrates how difficult we have made it for decent Federal legislation. In face of two laws passed by Congress, 12 years of campaigning and an apparently overwhelming public sentiment we still lack a Federal child labor law, the only kind that ever can be effec tive. Reactionary state Legislatures, resisting orderly evolution of government, are putting too much of a strain on the Constitution they profess to protect. A WOMAN'S VIEWPOINT By Mrs. Walter Ferguson T AGREE whole-heartedly with a correspondent that the anonymous article in a rece.it Saturday Evening Post, “I Like Men With Money,’’ is a sorry disclosure of femininity. Prophecies are not in good taste. If they were, it would be easy to foretell the eventual fade-out of the damsel who admits that she wants her men rich and intends to get everything out of them she can while giving as little as possible in return. She’ll get exactly what she goes after—baubles. Nor is this a gasp of moral horror at the idea she expresses. Obviously she is out to shock her readers. But nobody is going to be shocked at that which is so noticeable in our social scheme. The girl really deserves a pat on the head for telling the truth about her poor little soul. She is typical of a certain kind of American womanhood. The same kind were often to be met with in the days when Nero was Emperor of Rome. They are nothing new under the sun. But one emotion moves us when we read of her tricks and petty thieveries, her avidity to grab for herself all the bonbons from life’s cornucopia. That emotion is not anger but pity; pity that an intelli gent, fortunate young woman living in the most in teresting of all epochs should waste her life upon such petty quests. Was it to support daughters like these that our pioneer mothers dared the dangers of ocean and wilderness? No. However numerous the greedy grabbers are, for each of them we have 10 fine girls who appreciate the true worth of men and are ready to take their share of domestic and social responsibility. As has always been the case the generous, useful women who do real work in the world will continue to earn much of the money that supports the idler in her stupid little game. But that is no matter. The useful and generous also will continue to get from life that which the other sort can not under stand—spiritual boons rather than material bonbons. THE INDIANAPOLIS TIMES Our Town By ANTON SCHERRER Tl/CAYBE you’ve noticed the nice ‘‘YA nun in the middle aisle of the City Market, but maybe your eyes haven’t wandered down far enough to know that she sells the kind of aprons made by the Sisters of the Good Shepherd. Besides making aprons, the nuns in Raymond-st do a number of other nice things, too. They fix all the monograms on the shirts sold | by the L. Strauss people and they make some of the loveliest laces you I ever laid your eyes on. Most of their business is on a cloister-to-customer basis, but sometimes, especially around Christ mas, they let some of the stores sell their wares. And to keep their time fully occupied, they run a steam laundry. Some of the luckiest trousseaux ever turned out for Indianapolis brides were made by them. Given a fair start, a nun-made trousseau is luckier than any other kind. At any rate, Edith Vunnegut and Erna Rhoads still like to look at their nun-made things, which is more than you can say for most trous seaux. nun 'T'HE Indianapolis unit of the House of the Good Shepherd was founded in 1873, but it really got started 11 years before that. The story of the start is one of the strangest in the town’s archives be cause, believe it or not, the House was started without the nuns know ing anything about it. A couple of men were at the bottom of it. The insiitution was an outgrowth of the Civil War. The floating population living by plunder and chance upon the soldiers brought a plague of loose women to Indianap olis and it became so bad in 1862 that Mayor Caven called the atten tion of the council to it. The jail couldn’t hold the women any more and so the Mayor sug gested building a house of refuge for them. Nothing came of it at the time. A year later, however, Stoughton A. Fletcher made a proposition to give seven acres of ground just south of the city between the Bluff and the Three Notch roads for a reformatory if the city would do its part and put up a building. The gift was accepted and SSOOO appropriated for the purpose. Plans were accepted and contracts let. The prices advanced so greatly un der the influence of the war that the work was stopped in 1864 after SBOOO was spent. All they had to show for it was a fine stone base ment. a NOTHING happened to the fine stone basement until Father Bessonies of St. John’s got around to it. Father Bessonies had watched the building of the basement be cause it was near some land he had purchased. Father Bessonies’ land turned out to be Holy Cross Cemetery and it just about broke him because he paid for it out of his own pocket. But broke as he was, Father Bes sonies wanted to do something about the wasted basement. The more he thought of the for lorn basement, the more he thought of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, a cloistered order back in his be loved France who for 200 years and more had been doing what Mayor Caven had in mind. Father Bessonies and Mayor Cav en struck a bargain and nobody to this day knows who got the better of the deal. By the terms of the bargain the Sisters of the Good Shepherd got the basement and land for nothing and Indianapolis got a shelter for girls who want to go straight. Which accounts for the nice nun in the City Market. Ask The Times Inclose a 3-ceit stamp for reply when addressing any question of fact or in formation to The Indianapolis Times Washington Service Bureau. 1013 13th st. N. W., Washington, D. C. Legal and medical advice can not be given, nor can extended research be undertaken. Q —What is a spring peeper? A—A small brown tree toad native in eastern United States and Can ada, having an oblique dark colored cross on the back, an angu lar mark between the eyes and bars on the legs. They breed in ponds and swamps in the spring and their shrill, piping notes are among the earliest signs of spring. Q —ls King Edward VIII the King of Scotland as well as of Ireland? A—He is King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire land. Scotland is an integral part of the United Kingdom. Q —Does the United States send an ambassador or minister to any of the British colonies? A—No. Q —What is the title of the com manding officer cn a steamship? A—Master, or commander, collo quially called the captain. Q —What do one, two and three whistles mean when blown in steam ships passing each other? A—One short blast means that the steamer sounding it is steering a course to starboard; two blasts, that she is steering a course to port; and three, that her engines are go ing full speed astern. Q—What does the name Maxine mean? A—lt is a fpminine name, from the Latin, and means "the greatest.” MORE THAN A LOCAL PROBLEM > r. t -Vs The Hoosier Forum 1 disapprove of what you say—and will defend to the death your right to say it. — Voltaire. (Times readers are invited to express their views in these columns, religious controversies excluded. Make Hour letters short, so all cun have a chance. Limit (hem to 250 words or less. Your letter must be sinned, bit names will be withheld on reauest. 808 THINKS SUPREME COURT POWER SHOULD BE CURBED By Hiram Lackey The Washington Merry-G o - Round performs another significant service for the readers of The Times by catching Justice Mcßeynolds off his guard and thus revealing the passion and prejudice that may in fluence the decisions of the six judges who agree with Hoover and Mills. Justice Mcßeynold’s anger and childish demands of the guard, when he spied the serial letter “A” on his new office door, indicates his unfitness to influence the prosper ity and happiness of so many mil lions of American workers. Such emotionalism, resulting from the sight of the letter in AAA, rep resents an unhealthy adjustment of this reactionary judge to the just criticism of the enlightened mind and conscience of America. It is reasonable to believe that our nine justices are competent as to legal training and intelligence. If these be constant factors, we the people ask what determines the dif ference in the decisions of the minor and major groups. We like to think of our justices as being above the frailties that char acterized the kings in the days of Daniel. We have grown to think of the welfare of millions of workers as being more important than the transitory whim of a king. We think of the Supreme Court in terms of its dignity and justice. We would do well to observe what the six reactionary judges are cam ouflaging. So much velvet on the points of spears that they are Your Health BY DR. MORRIS FISHBEIN IF a mother who is nursing her baby has plenty of milk, she will probably do well to feed the baby from one breast only at each nurs ing. Less frequent use of the breast lessens danger of infection and of sore or cracked nipples. If a mother does not have very much milk, she should use both breasts in nursing, because regular use of the breast for nursing stimu lates the milk flow. If one breast only is used in nurs ing, the baby should not nurse much longer than 10 minutes. If both breasts are used, six minutes’ nurs ing should supply the baby with all the milk that will be useful to him. Scientific studies show that the food obtained by the baby after the first six to 10 mirutes is hardly suf ficient to be of great importance in ordinary nursing. Once a schedule of feeding has been adopted, it should be followed closely. Sometimes a baby fed every four hours gets unsually hun gry at the end of three or three and one-half hours, especially if he has been active or if the previous feed ing has been small. B B B IN such case, the baby should not be allowed to cry for a half hour, but may be fed a little ahead of time. The next feeding, however, should be given at the regular period. A baby who nurses too long at the breast will tend to swallow much air toward the end of the nursing period. After the feeding, he will try to regurgitate this air. Asa re sult, he may vomit or have colic. To overcome this air swallowing, the mother should sit up while the baby is nursing and hold the baby in a semi-erect posture. Just before nursing the baby, she may hold him upright over her shoulder’ If she will then pat him lightly on the back, he will be likely to belch up the air. After the nursing is completed, the same procedure should ’ e followed for a short time. Some babies swalow more air than do others. If the baby tends to be an “air swallower,” the nursing may be interrupted occasionally and the baby held over the shoulder. This will permit him to belch up some of the air he has swallowed, j before he proceeds with nursing. thrusting into the hearts of laboring producers of America! To the end that we may curb the flagrant abuse of power by Supreme Court justices, we the producers long for the opportunity to express our sentiments and convictions in the form of ballots to amend the Constitution. B B B SUPFLY, DEMAND SEEN AS BASIS FOR WAGES By E. B. Swinney The question often is asked, “What are a person's services worth at any given time in any occupa tion?” It seems to me there is but one answer, namely, just what can be obtained for them in the open mar ket. This will arouse a storm of criti cism. but it is true nevertheless. There is no other answer. Times and conditions are so constantly changing that this matter can not be regulated by law. The economic law of supply and demand is nature’s efficient balance wheel. During the war when the demand for labor far exceeded the supply, labor received a much larger share of the product than the de pression period when the reverse was true. There is no reason in nature why, with man’s inexhaustible and un satisfied wants, the demand for labor should not always exceed the supply at wages amounting to the full products. Involuntary unem ployment means that we have clogged the machine with an eco nomic monkey wrench that separ ates land—the source of . wealth, from labor—the producer of wealth. Our job therefore, is not to make bad matters worse by enacting pal liative legislation, but to eliminate the monkey wrench by abolishing monopoly in the natural resources by taking the rent of land for pub lic expenses in lieu of all taxation, as proposed by Henry George. B B LANDON’S LIFE OPEN BOOK, OLD NEIGHBORS SAY By Hugh S. Johnson, Tulsa, Okla. This is written in my home-state stamping grounds—the Oklahoma oil country. It also happens to be the Landon home-state stamping grounds—just across the line in Kansas. Lots of people here have known the Governor all his life. The lady of this house went to school in Lawrence when he was a student at SIDE GLANCES By George Claris I; JJ telFTTfilililiiT "Tip “3 ou’ll die when you hear this. Bess. Jerry has been asked to give a success talk to some graduating class. Isn’t that priceless?” v Kansas University and was called “Fox” Landon—“because," says she, “he was slyly shrewd like an old darky who can play excellent poker but can't read and write.” Her brother was a classmate and is for Fox, but she ardently is not. An old Negro family friend such as she had described summed up his opinion of the Governor this way: “He don't know much of any thing and he ain’t even curious.” In the East there is a lot of whispering about “somebody digging up something on Landon.” If that means some sinister connection with big oil interests or some hidden sin, nobody is going to dig up anything. There is nothing to dig. The Gov ernor's life is just like his last radio speech to a small town high school— a dreary sequence of platitudinous sterility: “There is no substitute for courage. Man can not live on bread alone,” and the whole copy book Decalogue lacking only “Two plus two equal four,” and “ ‘Tis love that makes the world go round.” They say here that Alf does not expect to be elected this time, but expects to win in 1940. That is non sense. If there were enough time between now anc’. the convention for him to go on the air with a few more such speeches and a canned dialogue or two like the last one, he wouldn't even be nominated. Nonentity can conceal itself but not if it opens its mouth and emits words. ANNIVERSARY BY VIRGINIA KIDWELL Every one has special days That sacredly he keeps, Sometimes retracing saddened ways To where a loved one sleeps. Sometimes reliving in a room Some past despair or woe, Rehearing in the silent gloom A loved voice saying “Go.” Every one has special dates Kept sentimentally, Though long ago you left I know Today you'll think of me. DAILY THOUGHT Only the Lord give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the Lord, thy God. —I Chronicles xxil, 12. THE sublimity of wisdom is to do those things living which are to be desired when dying.—Jer emy Taylor. MAY 27, 193(7 Vagabond from Indiana ERNIE PYLE EDITOR'S NOTE—This roting reporter for The Time* goe* where he pleate*. when he please*, in search of odd stories about this and that. ■pv ALLAS, May 27.—What the Dallas Centennial Exposition had to have was a man who could say “no,'' and not say it next week, or at 4 o'clock this afternoon, but right now. It has that man. He is William A. Webb. He i manager of the Exposition. He is a good-looking, well-preserved man in his late fifties. They say he can be plenty tough. But he can also be plenty pleasant, as I happen to know. I walked into his office late one afternoon and started off something like this; “I know you re snowed under with work, Mr. Webb, but if . . .” “I'm not snowed under at all,” he said. “Let's get in my car and take a ride.” The truth is he was snowed under, but it didn't worry him. Webb never ran an Exposition before in his life. But he's an old railroad man. He has always been a builder. He has built bigger buildings than anything at the Cen tennial. He has handled more money than the $25,000,000 the Cen tennial is spending. He has direct ed more men than the Centennial's 10,000. B B B HE quit railroading five years ago, and retired. He aimost went crazy. Says he didn t do any thing but play golf and drink. He s working now from 7 a. m. ’till mid night. and says he's happier than he's been in years. Here is a brief history of Webb's career; Born in Kentucky. Moved to Colorado early. Started work for the Santa Fe in Colorado Springs as a messenger boy. Was a com petent telegraph operator at 12. Saw the early, gold towns of Cripple Creek, Leadville and Aspen. Never got mixed up in gold mining, though, except as an unfortunate investor, he says. Learned stenography. At 24 was assistant to the president of the Colorado Southern in Denver. At 29 was operating vice president of the Katy system in Dallas. That was 1905. He rebuilt the whole Katy system, a $60,000,000 job. 808 IN 1917 he was in Washington as a member of the wartime Rail way Board. After the war, Aus tralia wanted somebody to rebuild its government-owned railways. Two railroad presidents and Sec retary of State Hughes, who was his personal friend, recommended Webb. He was in Australia 10 years. Not one day during the first three years was he without a strike. They tried to run him cut of the cour.tr>'. He was a “Yankee.” and they didn't want him around. He was a cam paign issue. A government fell over him. But he hung on. After the third year, he never had another strike. He built or rebuilt 6JOO miles of track. Built new locomotives, new cars, organized a whole railroad.ng system, converted it from the small scale British to the big-scale Amer ican. Spent 75 millions. Trained thousands of men. When he left in 1930, 2500 people were at the boat to see him off. Back in Dallas to retire, he found loafing hard. He got mixed up in city politics, just to kill time. When the Centennial started, he drifted into it as a clerk of some sort, just to keep from loafing. B B B THE Centennial was run by a commission. They couldn’t get anything done. Too many ideas, and not enough action. Nobody would say “yes,” or “no.” There was anew commission about every week. The Centennial was drifting. Somebody thought of Webb. They made him dictator of the show. That was last October. Since then things have hummed and howled. Webb isn’t one of these dynamic movie-type executives. He appears to take things easy. He stops in the middle of something to tell a joke. He thinks Dallas is the greatest place in the world. Lived here 12 years before the war. and six years since he came back from Australia. Webb says this is the hardest job he has ever done. He says it's harder than running 50,000 miles of railroad. I asked him what he was going to do when this thing is all over next November. He laughed. “I don't know. Go back to playing 19 holes a day I suppose.” Today’s Science J BY SCIENCE SERVICE "ITTHO will be the Pasteur or the YY Gorgas of mental medicine? Pasteur proved to the world that physical diseases were traceable to minute germs not visible to the un aided eye. Gorgas made possible the building of the Panama Canal with his campaign against the small and apparently harmless mosquito which carries hidden in his body the virulent germ of yellow fever. Who will arise to protect mankind from the mental “germs”; the hates, antagonisms and jealousies that go about hidden under the names of patriotism, nationalism, self-protec tion, race superiority, justice and a thousand and one oth“r disguises, and lead man to his own destruc tion? This is the Question raided by Dr. William A- White, psychiatrist of St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, Washing ton. He asks; “Is it not apparent that it is as essential to know the true motives that animate men and nations as it is to know the pathogenic micro organisms that produce the diseases? Is it not apparent that it is Just as important to know the names un der which these motives masquerade as it is to know the carriers of these pathogenic micro-organisms?” Freedom from the scourge of germ-produced diseases is not yet complete, it is true, for this year s disastrous floods reminded us that immediately when vigilance in pres ent-day sanitary measures is relaxed or interrupted, the ancient enemy of plague raises its ugly head. So it is also with the destructive forces of the mind, Dr. White re minds us.