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Vandalia Whig and Illinois intelligencer. [volume] (Vandalia, Ill.) 1832-183?, April 18, 1832, Image 2

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Lord Goderich making quotations from the speech
of the honorable gentleman, than bis quoting, a
authority, the theoretical doctrines of mj L u--:
Goderich. We are too much in the habit of look
ing abroad, not merely for manufactured articles,
but fur the sanction of high names, to support fa
vorite theories. 1 have seen, and closely observ
ed, the British Parliament, and, without derogat
ing from its justly elevated character, I have no
hesitation in saying, that in all the attiibutes of
order, dignity, patriotism, and eloquence, the A
merican Congress would not suffer, in the smallest
degree, by a comparison with it.
[ To be continued.]
We are happy to announce the arrival of the
packet -hip Charlemagne,Capt.Robinson, from
Pl\ mouth, to which port she had been compelled
to put back after leaving Havre.
To an attentive friend we are indebted for Lon
don pappers of the 15th, 10th and evening of the
17th. The most important intelligence they con
tain is that the Asiatic Cholera has made its ap
pearance in London—that it has reached Glas-^
gov —and is spreading in Scotland. A bill lias
passed the House of Commons investing Govern
ment with extraordinary powers, to prevent the
the spreading of the disorder There are no in-1
dications of extraordinary alarm prevailing a
mong tlie population of the Great Metropolis, still
the consequences to commercial men must be se
verely felt. We give an article from the Times
on this subject.
The places wRora »1«« Lao broken out|
arc sill inhabited by the lower classes, sailors,'
shipwrights, and persons connected with shipping. |
They are immediately on the banks of the'
Thames. The Docks are all situated in Wap
ping, Rotberbi'h and Limehouse, these arc on
one side of the River Southwark and Lambeth
are on the opposite side. The parish fire engines
had been ordered out, and were washing all the
houses in the streets and alleys where the disor
der had shown itself. It was stated in the H >use
of Commons during the debate, that Dr. Henry,
of Manchester, had ascertained by experiments,
that in the cases of typhus fever and scarlatina,
heat, at degrees varying from 1*20 to 200, will
disinfect certain substances which have been sup
posed to be the greatest conductors of disease,
and if this can be put in practice, it is thought it
would remove one of the most material obstruc
tions in the way of commerce.
The Reform Bill was still in the House of
Commons. It had made some progress, and it
was positively asserted would pass in about ten
davs; still, it is evidently materially altered. The
Mi* \isterial papers speak of it as deprived of some
of its most efficient provisions; but add, it is bet
ter take it in its present shape than none at all,
and that a reformed House of Commons will have
it in their power to amend if.
The agitation in Ireland had attained an alarm
ing height; extraordinary measures had been re
sorted to by Government The tithe system is
clearly the root of the evil.
Wr e extract the most important news in rela
tion to Belgium; the twenty four articles are not
ye. ratified, although the French papers contin
ue to assert that they speedily will be. At Paris
all is tranquil, and the rise in the French funds
is a favorable symptom. The Austrian troops it
is said are again about to evacuate Romagna.
W' -hould however doubt this fact: certain it
seems to be that the French expedition is sent
there solely for the purpose of restoring the au
thority of the Pope.
In the estimates for the navy presented by the
British Minister to Parliament, a reduction is
made of one million sterling from the amount of
those the preceding year. A strong indication
we should think that the Government looks for
ward to a continuance of general tranquility in
A letter from Lisbon positively states, that full
reparation was about to be made by Don Miguel,
for the losses inflicted by bis cruizers on Ameri
can commerce. The measures taken by our Ad-1
ministration justify us in expecting this result.
W>* give an interesting statement from BelleisleJ
which minutely pourtrays the state of D*n PeJ
dro’s expedition.
The Charlemagne coming from Plymouth, we
have not received by her our usual supplies of!
Price Currents or Shipping Lists and in conse
quence our commercial and shipping matter will
be found more defective than usual.
Major General Lorenzo Moore had shot Mr.
Mil es Staylton in a duel fought near London, the
latter gentleman though dangerously wounded
was not dead. A lady was the cause of the mis
understanding between them.
i ne toLiov.ing is an extract ot a letter from
Lisbon, dated Feb. 1:—
“The American ships captured by the Portu
guese naval forces before Terceira are about to
be restored. The Portuguese commander who
ordered the capture is to be suspended for a year,
and an indemnity of nearly 600,000/. is to be
paid bv the Portuguese treasury to the American
merchants who may have suffered losses by the
detention of the vessels.”—N. Y. Courier En
New and iCl^g .nt Fancy Goods.
JUST received a lull supply of fashionable and new
GOODS, consisting of Orleans Muslins, Fig’d.
Mandarines, Palmarines, Gros des lrules, Zephyrines,
black Italian and French Florences and Gros des Swiss
of superior quality, 3-4, 4-4 and 5-4 gauze and barege
Hdkfs. and Scarfs, Paris net Hdkfs. and Hernani Shawls,
a new and splendid article. Also—Gauze and Sattin
Ribbons, black and white silk Hose and half Hose, of
superior ciuality, ladies’ and gentlemen's Gloves. For
sale, wholesale and retail, on accommodating terms.
March 31. 4-1 y U. B. BREWSTER.
State of Illinois, Fayette Circuit Court, October
Term, 1831.
James M. Duncan, Plaintiff, J
vs. > On foreign attachment.
Thompson Mason, Defendant.!
"JK rtlllS day came the olaintiffby his attorney, and on
his motion, it is ordered, that public notice bo giv
en to the defendant, Thompson Mason, to appear, on
the first day of the next Term of this Court, to be held
in * town of Vandalia, on the first Thursday after the
th r Iondav in the month of May next, and enter his
appearance to this action, otherwise judgment will be
rendered for the full amount of the plaintiff’s demand :
Ami it is further ordered, that a copy of this order be
published for four weeks successively in the Illinois Ia
A true copy attest, JAMES W. BERRY, Cl’k.
1st. 1VR3- >n. ss.
r rom the Cxlobe.
Mr. Clay presented the memorial of sundry
citizens of New York, engaged in the Silk trade,
praying that specific duties be substituted for ad
valorem duties on imported silk. The Vice
President communicated the memorial of the
New York Tariff* Convention, and fifteen hun
dred extra copies of the paper were ordered to be
minted. The Apportionment Bill was not taken
up, but Mr. Wilkins gave notice that he shQttin
rail it up this day. Mr. Ewing’s resolution,
respecting removals from office, came tip, but was,
• ' the request rif the mover, postponed to, and
made the order of the day for Monday next. Mr.
Sprague’s resolution, for the publication of the
names ofpersore owning unclaimed dividends on
p f lic stocks, was diseased and laid on the table.
Sr»me time was spent in the consideration of E\
edlitive business.
In the Houle of Representatives, the Speaker
laid before the House the memorial of the Tariff
Convention recently assembled in New York;
3,000 extra copies of which, were ordered to be
printed. Mr. McCarty, from the Committee on
Internal Improvements, reported a hill to improve
the moil road from Louisville to St. Louis. A
joint resolution respecting the pay of the Marine
Corps, was read a third time and passed. Several
bills from the Senate were read twice and commit
ted. The bill authorizing the President of the
United States to make transfers of appropriations
in the Naval service, under certain circumstan
ces, was pasm?. The hill from the Senate for
t‘ e re-organization of the Ordnance Department,
was read a third time and passed.—Yeas 101,
Nays 60.
March 27.
In the Senate, Mr. Wilkins introduced a bill,
on leave, to give effect to the act of the Legisla
ture of Virginia, authorising the commencement
of the Western section of the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal. The bill to exempt merchandize
imported under certain circumstances, from the
operation of the the tariff’ of 1S|S, was discussed,
and on motion of Mr. Wilkins, re-committed to
the Committee of Finance. Tie apportionment
bill was taken up, and the motion to reconsider
the vote, by which Mr. Webster’s amendment,
providing for the representation if fractious was
rejected, was carried. The bill vas then recom
initted to a Select Committee, <*H»sen by ba'lot
and consisting of Messrs. Webster, Clayton,
Forsyth, Mangum, and Hayne. Mr. Foot
ffored a resolution changing the jiourol meeting
f»r the remainder of the session, fibm 12 to 11.
lu the House of Representatiies, the bill in
addition to an act for the relief cl certain insolv
ent debtors to the United States vas read a third
time, and passed.—The bill frtjm the Senate,
supplementary to the several acts for tne sale of
the Public Lands, was read a third time, as a
mended. Considerable debate arose on the ques
tion of its passage, which was eventually arres
ted by a motion for the previous question, which
was sustained. The bill was then passed—Yeas
119, Nays 44.
March 28.
In the Senate, Mr. Smith offered a resolution
instructing the Committee on Military Affairs to
consider the expediency of establishing a national
Foundry, for the mating of cannon, &c. Mr.
Clay presented a menorial from sundry citizens
of Kentucky asking 'he interference of the Gov
ernment in favor of the objects of the Coloniza
tion Society, which, after some remarks from
Messrs. Clay, Hayke, and Chambers, was laid
on ihe table. The bill making appropriations for
the support of the Government, during the year
1832, was taken up, ind after some discussion
was laid on the table, and the amendments reported
fiom the Committee on Finance, and the commu
nications from the Departments respecting them,
were ordered to be printed. A short time was
spent in the consideration of Executive business.
In the House of Representatives, the bill to
authorize the Judges of the United States Courts
to take hail of claimants of property seized and
to perform other acts in vacation, and the bill for
the sale of the unlocated lots in the fifty quarter
townships in the United States Military District
in the State of Ohio, reserved to satisfy warrants
granted to individuals for their Military' services,
together with numerous private b;iIs. were read a
third time and passed. The House resumed,
in Committee of the Whole, the consideration
of the bill in addition to an act entitled an
act to provide for certain persons eagaged in the
land and naval service of the United Stales in the
revolutionary war. Mr. Ellsworth addressed
the Committee, and when lie had concluded his
remarks, the Committee rose, and the House ad
March 29.
In the Senate, the bill exempting merchandize,
inported under certain circumstances, from the
iperation of the Tariff of 1828, was, after some
liscussion, ordered to a third reading. The bill
supplementary to the several acts tor the sale of
he public lands, returned with amendments from
he H use, was taken up. Mr. King moved that
he Senate concur in the amendments of the H< >use.
Mr. Ev ring spoke in opposition to the amendments,
and Messrs. Moobe and Buckner in their sup
port, alter which, on motion ot' Mr. M ohe. the
Will was laid on the table, and the amendments
wore ordered to lie printed. On motion ol Mr
W jiite, the Senate then proceeded to the consid
eration of Executive business, in which some
time was spent.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. Mer.er,
trom the Committee on Internal Improvements,
reported a bill for the improvement of certain
harbors and the navigation of certain rivers—also,
a lull declaring the assent of Congress to certain
acts of the Legislature of the State of North
Carolina. A bill to amend an act for the benefit
of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the
army ol the revolution—and a bill for the removal
of the Land Office from Mount alus to Jackson
in the State ol Mississippi, and lor the removal
d the Land office Ir an Franklin to Fayette in
tin Stttte ol Missouri—were read a third time
and passed. l'he hilt in addition to an act to
provide for certain persons engaged in the land
and naval service of the United States in the
revolutionary war, was again considered in Com
mitte of the Whole. Various amendments werel
proposed, discussed, and adopted, and others sub-j
mitted. At 4 o’clock the Committee rose, and
the House adjourned.
March 30.
In the Senate, Mr. Dickerson from the Com
mittee on Manufactures, to which was rcfered on
the 22 inst. Mr. Clay’s resolution modifying the
tariff, with certain instructions,—made a report
thereon, in part, accompanied by a bill which
provides for the abolition of duties on certain en
umerated articles of the unprotected class, to the
extent, as is estimated in the report, of $5,GOO,000
>Ir. Forsyth, moved the recommitment of the
bill, on which motion a debate arose in which
many Senators took part and which was continued
till after five o’clock, when, on motion of Mr.
Dallas, the bill was laid on the table, and the
S mate adjourned to Monday.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. Foster,
from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported
a bill for the postponement of certain trials, in
volving claims to land, in the Superior Court of
the Territory of Arkansas, and for other purpo
ses. Mr. Washington, from the Committee on
the District of Columbia, reported a bill in rela
tion to the Penitentiary for the District of Colum
bia. Mr. Mercer, from the Committee on Inter
nal Improvements, reported a bill to authorize a
suhstriction to the stock of the Alexandria Canal
Company. The House went into a Committee
of the Whole on the state of the Union, on the
amendments proposed by the Senate to the bill
for the support of the army for the year 1832,
and also the bill making appropriations in con
formity to the stipulation* of certain Indian trea
ties, and the bill making appropriations for the
Indian Department for the year 1832. The
Committee rose and reported the tv»o first named
lulls to the House. The amendments of the
Senate to the first bill were concurred in, and |
the second was ordered to be engrossed for a third i
i rile following resolutions have been passed by
Jthe Legislature of Maine, in relation to the North
Eastern Boundary:
In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and thirty-two,
Rssolve respecting the territory lying noth
and east of tho rivers St. J >hn and St. Franois.
Whereas, information has been communica
ted by the Agent of this Si ate at Washington,
that it is propped, that Maine should cede to the
United States her claim and jurisdiction over that
portion of the territory which lies northerly of the
line recommended by the arbiter, for ample in
demnity, in order that the United States may be
enabled to make such an arrangement with Great
Britain as may best comport with the interest and
honor of the United States.
And whereas, the Government of Maine has
repeatedly declared, and now declares, that the
right of soil and jurisdiction in said territory,ac
cording to the provisions of the treaty of 1783,
is in the State of Maine, as a sovereign and inde
pendent State, and has denied and continues to de
ny the right of the General Government to cede
the same to any foreign power, without the con
sent of Maine, and has communicated resolutions
to that effect to the General Government, and has
claimed of that Government tho protection guar
anteed to every State by the Constitution of the
United States.
And Whereas the Legislature of Maine is dis
posed to regard the proposition aforesaid as ema
nating from a disposition on the part of the Gen
eral Government, to promote the interests and
preserve the peace of the nation, without violat
ing the right of Maine, or disregarding the obii
gat ions resting upon the whole Union, to protect
each State in the full enjoyment of all its territo
ry.' and right of jurisdiction, and willing to meet
the proposition in a like spirit, in which it is be
lieved to have been made.
Therefore, Resolved, That upon the appoint
ment by the President of the U.Strtes, of person
or persons to enter into a negotiation with this
State, for the relinquishment by this State to the
United States of her claim to said territory, and
lor the session of the jurisdiction thereof, on tho
one part, and for an ample indemnity therefor,
on the other part; and notice thereof being com
municated to the Governor, the Governor, with
the advice of Council, be, and he is hereby
authorised and requested to appoint three com
mistioners, on the part and behalf of this State,
to treat with snch person or persons, so appointed
bv the President, on the subjects aforesaid; and
any agreement or treaty to be made in pursuance
of this resolve, is to be submitted to the Legisla
ture of Maine, for approval or rejection; and unlit
such agreement or treaty be so submitted to, and
approved by, the Legislature of Maine, nothing
h ,r)in contained shall be construed, in any way,
as Implying the assent of this State to the line of
boundary recommended by the Arbiter, or to the
right of the General Government to adopt or
sanction that line, instead of the line described
in die treaty of 1783.
Resolved, That the Governor be requested
forthwith to communicate theforegoing preamble
and resolution ceniidently to the Agent of this
State at Washington, and also to the Executive
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, to afford
to that Commonwealth, the opportunity of adopting
such measures as she may consider expedient in
relation to her interest in said territory.
The undersigned having been appointed a com
mittee to examine the Vandalia S'undgy School,
at its annual examination, held on Tuesday the
ISth ot March, submit ;'ne following as the result
of their inves'.-.gation:
Fr jrr, the reports submitted by the Superinten
dent, Librarian, and Teachers, the tollowing facts
are derived : That during the last year, the school
has been continued forty-seven Sabbaths, there
having been a suspension of five Sabbaths, at
different intervals, owing to sickness and other
causes. During the year, 125 scholars have been
received into tiro school; out of which thirteen
classes have been formed, nine of which were
Testament classes, committing to memory por
tions of the New Testament, upon which they
were examined with the aid of the question book
of the American S. S. Union. The school has
always been opened with prayer, ana closed with
singing a hymn from the S. S. hymn book, with
which the school is furnished. The number a
tending the school has varied with almost ever .
Sabbath; the greatest number having been ninety
two, and the smallest seventeen, on a very cold ami
inclement Sabbath last December. In the last
year, the scholars have been examined in twenty
eight lessons in the question book, which have
sometimes, owing to their length, been divided;
and making the exercise of every third Sabbath
a review of the two preceding lessons. These
lessons have generally been well commuted, and
correct answers have frequently been given to
questions which would remain unanswered by
nine-tenths of a Christian community.
We would call particular attention to the fact,
that although the school is composed of children
and teachers of different denominations, we are
Imppy to state that unanimity of feeling has, dur
ing the year, existed, and still exists, among both
teachers and scholars, which is almost unprece
dented. The conduct of the scholars has gener
ally been good. In no instance has the superin
tendent been compelled to dismiss a scholar for
bad conduct, or any other cause; neither hag any
scholar been treated in such a manner by the su
perintendent or teachers, as to render his or her
situation so unpleasant as to compel them to with
About one hour of the afternoon of the Sabbath
is devoted to the cultivation of sacred music, in
which the scholars have made considerable pro
The library consists (including question and
hymn books, and Testaments) of about 250 vol
umes; one hundred and fifty of whic h may be
considered as the library proper; which have now
been generally read by the scholars, and are of a
character calculated to interest and enlighten the
minds of the rising generation: indeed, many of
ihcm may be read with profit by those of riper
v ears.
To say we were pleased with the examination
>f the affairs of the school, and the proficiency of
the scholars, would not adequately convey our
ideas. It afforded a high and heartfelt gratifica
tion, calculated to excite all the finer feelings of
human nature; and we can hardly conceive of
prejudices so obdurate that would not have melted
away under the general influence of this display
of mental improvement, affectionate confidence,
and reciprocity of kindness towards each other,
which seems to pervade throughout tlie whole
school in all its connexions.
From what we have observed in the course of
this examination, without entering into any argu
ment or detail, we are irresistably led to the con
' lqsion, that a generation reared up under the
fostering care of Sabbath school associations,
cannot fail to make a wiser, a happier, and in
every respect a better and more useful people.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
W K. STEWART.} Committee.
Wednesday, April 18, 1832.
The editor of the Springfield Herald says we have
either misunderstood, or designedly misrepresented his
remarks in relation to Mr. Pugh’s visit to New York.
We are glad there is an alternative to this allegation—
certainly we should regret giving cause so soon to any
of the “Corps editorial” to charge us directly with de
signedly misrepresenting their statements: unlike some
men we have heard of, we would sooner be thought lia
ble to misunderstand, than capable of wilfully miscon.
The Herald does not inform us in what particular he
thinks himself misrepresented or misunderstood; we
must therefore wait for further information before ex
plaining, unless he will he satisfied with the general
assertion on our part, that we believe nothing is to be
gained by misrepresentation, and that we are far from
resorting to so base a means to effect a proposed end.
We understood the Herald to say, not directly indeed,
but by fair implication, that he thought Mr. P. assum
ing unauthorised authority in going to N. York, and
submitting certain prepositions to gentlemen there res
pecting a rail road in Illinois, and so understanding him,
we responded to his remarks, thinking they came in
quite a “questionable shape.” But the Herald now
says that, to Mr. P.’s visit he did not object; but to “his
pompous display of authority not vested in him.” Well,
that being all, we have no more to say: if our brother
editor wishes to read Mr. P. a lesson or two from my
Lord Chesterfield, we have no objection, and will not
again put ourselves in the way.
Immediately upon the heels of this exposition of the
bone of contention between himself and Mr. P., the
Herald very gravely asks us (by way of dropping the
subject we suppose) to inform him where the power ex
ists for sending an ageut to N. Y. to negotiate for the
construction of a rail way? Why ask where the pow
er for making such an appointment is found, if the per
son supposed to be aoting under it is all the time pm
pously displaying authority not vested in him? Really,
we can scarcely believe the question a sober one. But
almost in the same breath, we are met with another, if
possible, of graver import, it is that we will “state
where Mr. P. got the authority for using $500 of the ca
nal fu»d to liquidate hia travelling oxponsc.-” 6cc. Be
fore answering this inquiry, we will just ask the Herald
to state, where he got the authority for saying that $500
of the canal fund had beeu used for the purpose alle^ou
We need some more confirmation of that fa^nan
surmise, or the text »f brother P>„okv gyUMmy drama.
bpiuioii of the Supremo Court in this case, deliv
Br-'i 'ey Judge Marshall, appears m most of the papers
which come to our office. Our readers perhaps will ex
pect to see it in ours; but we shall be compelled to dis
appoint them. We have begun one long article, so long
that, with all we have printed, we can scarcely see the
end of it, and dare not now commence another almost
as long. The opinion is very able—and, if there are no
facts in the case, which the Court has failed to notice,
the conclusion clear and irresistible, that the Laws of
Georgia extending jurisdiction over the country of the
Cherekees are unconstitutional and void. The asser
tion, however, has heen made, that had Georgia employ
ed eounsel, had she availed herself of the talent and
legal learning of her own bar, tbe decision might have
been different.
Whatever may be the suggestions of counsel, the
opinion of the Court must in all cases be its own. With,
out this, it has no claim to public confidence, and falls
far short of the dignity and independence that should
characterise so august a tribunal as the Supreme Cour^
of the United States.
But it is of no avail now to suggest what might have i
been done; the decision has gone forth, awakening fear- '
tul anxiety in the bosom of every friend of the republic, f
The mandate of the Court requires that the decision of
the State Court be reversed, and that the missionaries
be released. If the order be obeyed, all will be well;
but how will the mandate be obeyed, what will Georgia
do, are questions not yet satisfactorily answered. Va
rious opinions are thrown out as to the course that will
be pursued, but all more or less tinctured with the party
politics of the sources whence they originated. Southern
inen and southern papers arc not unanimous. Mr. Clay
ton, of Georgia, in a speech in the Senate, on the New
York memorial, used the following striking language: !
it partakes, no doubt, of the warmth of the occasion,
and of the Speaker’s character, yet may be safely used
as a sign. “I conbdently believe,” says he, “that Geor.
gia will not submit to the decision of the Supreme Court;
much less on interference by thfc House, into her private,
and sole concerns; and believing this as one of her rep.
resentatives, I ought to have boldness enough to declare
it. I therefore take this responsibility, and if I ha\e
misrepresented the people of Georgia, they can turn me
j*ut. I deliberately repeat, my constituents will resist.
Sir, I would admonish gentlemen to take care what they
do. The south is on the very verge of explosion; one
false step now, and the integrity of the Union is gone
forever.” This language, though elicited by the fervor
of debate, has jet in it something of truth ; and while
we admit thus much, wc cannot but revert, with deep
regret, to the causes which have originated that stale
of things which constrains ns to do oo. A for unpre
tending missionaries, professing to be actuated by benev
olence alone, seeking the greatest good of the greatest
number, and inculcating “submission to the powers that
be,” as a part of their creed ; these are the men who, by
their imprudence at least, if not by their obstinacy, hav° *
contributed to bring about the present new and event
ful crisis in the affairs of this government. Did religion,
humanity or duty require this of them? Doubtful, ex
tremely doubtful. Would they had been contented to
rest their bones beside the Green Hills of their state.
At the commencement of the publication of this pa
per, although we were aware that the duties we hail
undertaken to perform were great, we were not appriz
ed of the many and perplexing difficulties which it has
since been our u isfortune to encounter. Finding, there
fore, aid necessary in the discharge of the duties in
cumbent upon us, in order to make our paper worthy the
patronage it receives, we have taken into partnership
Mr. S. C. Sherman, who will assist in the editorial de-*
partment of this paper, and whom we recommend to the
confidence and support of the public. The paper will
hereafter be conducted under the direction and manage
ment of Greiner & Sherman, to whom all communi
cations, intended for this office, must be addressed, post
A subscriber of the late “Intelligencer” writes us,
post paid, that he several times informed the editors ol'
that paper, that he wished to discontinue taking it:,
nevertheless they continued to send, he does not know
why, unless because he did not pay up. He tells us that
if we will forward our bill for the three numbers already'
received, he will pay off and quit. We thank our cor
respondent for his promptness, and take this occasion to
inform him and others who may be similarly troubled
with unwelcome news, that we shall make no charge for
three numbers of the “Whig,” nay not for four, if in
formation, duty free, be given soon, that they wish their
names erased from our list.
Information tolerably direct has been received at thi;
placo, that the Sac and Fox Indians, headed by the no
torious Black Hawk, have again crossed the Mississippi
near the Yellow Banks. Gen. Atkinson left St. Louis
the Oth inst., with the 6th regiment U. S. troops. We
are not definitely informed of the fact, yet it is presumed
he is instructed to repel this aggression of the savages,
and secure to the white inhabitants the peaceable pos
session of their lands. It is supposed the militia of this
date will again be called out; if so, some more efficient
measures will doubtless be taken, than were used last
year, to persuade these troublesome intruders to remain
on the other side of the Mississippi.
The pledge given by the Executive of this State to
the Secretary of War, that, upon further encroachments
by the Indians on the inhabitants about Rock Island,
force should be employed against them, will unques
tionably be promptly redeemed; and if force be now
necessary, no time, we presume, will be lost by the prop
er authorities in taking measures to raise it.
A gentleman from Green county informs us, that
James Sullivan, alias Patrick Cavana, charged with the
murder of Samuel Lofton, has been found guilty at the
late session of the Circuit Court for that county, and
sentenced to be hung the 26th inst. The evidence ad'
duced on the part of the prosecution, though circum-.
9tantial entirely, was yet almost equally convincing with
positive testimony. On trial the arraigned manifested
great carelessness of the event. Since conviction, find
ing his days numbered and all hope of escape cut off, he
made a full confession of the guilty deed. He now pro
fesses great penitence and Submission, and has made ap
plication to a catholic clergyman for pardon.
The following explicit avowal of Col. Fity, will sat
isfy the people of the 1st Judicial District, that the Col.
will vote according to the wishes of the Jackson party
in Illinois. Any opposition made to Col. F. must arise
from in(rested motives, and should not bo tolerated.
All the real friends of General Jackson will support the
Col., inasmuch as he now stands pledged to vote as they
will; and any further nomination of candidates fof
Electors, will be considered as an attempt to divide the
party. But some individuals may risque too much.
I see by the papers, that I have been honored with a
nomination for Elector in the State Convention held at
Vandalia on the 26th March last. This 1 consider the
more honorable, as it was done without my knowledge.
And I do most cheerfully acquiesce in the measure. In
the situation I am placed, it is mv duty to disclose to
the public the principles which will influence me in my
vote,should I be chosen Elector. I have supported Gen.
Jackson for the Presidency from the beginning, and will
vote for him at the next election for Presidency and
whatever regular candidate the Jackson party in the
United States will run for the oflice of Vice President.
My predilections are in favor of Col. Johuson, of Ken
tucky, should he be the regular Jackson candidate i
but should he not be run by the Jackson party, then 1
will support such a candidate as the Jackson party may
run far that office. JACOB FRY. J
Carrolton 9th April, 1832.
We are requested to announce ROBERT BLACK
WELL, Esq., as a candidate to represent the freemen
of 'ayette County, in the House of Rcpresntatives at
the next session of the Legislature.
1 Several advertisement* excluded for want of room.

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