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St. Tammany farmer. (Covington, La.) 1874-current, August 14, 1909, Image 6

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015387/1909-08-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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Catching Butterflies bu
the Ton
HE caterpillar of
T the "nun" moth
has recently
wrought great de
struction among
the fir forests of
Germany, many
hundreds of acres
being ruined by
their depredations.
An inventive Ger
man, who had suf
fered from destructive work of
the moths and who had noticed how strongly
they were attracted by the rays of an elec
tric are Ight, recently devised a spectacular
method of capturing and killing the pests on a
Wholesale scale.
On the tower of the city hall in Zittau, Saxony,
which city is entirely surrounded by great fir for
ests, he sqt up an electric searchlight of great candle
power. Immediately below the light he installed a
suction fan. Then, on a dark night, he turned the
searchlight into the depths of the forest. Out of
the thick woods came hundreds of thousands of
the destructive moths, flying in an unbroken proces
sion along the path of light which led them to the
top of the city hall tower. There, as they approached
closely to the source of illumination, they were
caught by the suction fan and drawn in to destruc
tion. On one occasion more than 400,000 "nun"
moths were thus destroyed in an evening. The
same ingenious process is to be adopted wherever
forests or orchards are greatly damaged by night
flying insects.
FROM the irrigated lands of the great northwest
come stories of profit from a single acre of land,
which may well make the average owner of gold
mine stock envious. More than once the annual crop
of apples from an irrigated orchard has averaged
above $1,000 an acre. Pears have netted double this
amount. Cherries grown on such trees as the
one shown above bring, in good years, $1,200 an
acre. Last May, A. C. Carter, living near Spokane,
sold cherries from a singale tree_ aIh .. .
sold cherries from a single tree, such as is pictured, for $48.
E. V. Martin of Wenatchee, sold 2,800 boxes of tomatoes from
one acre, making a net profit of $700. Though it takes hard
work, good judgment and good luck to get a thousand dollars
an acre from a single season's crop, people everywhere should
be interested in the fact that by modern, intensive methods of
farming, more money can be made from a suburban lot than
from many an old-time quarter section.
THE tiny wasp shown enlarged in the illustration, last year
saved the farmers of Kansas and the southwest something like
$60,000,000. The favorite breeding place of this wasp is the body of
the microscopic green bug, which in 1906 and 1907 did terrific
damage to the wheat crop in Kansas and adjacent states. Prof.
8. J. Hunter of the Kansas State Agricultural college, dis
covered that the little wasp was the green bug's most deter
mined and destructive enemy. He collected millions of eggs
and sent them out all over the state to farmers who applied
for help when the green bug pest appeared. As a result the green
i4YV,4 ti W.4 W W .L. ..a..a....... ý..._ _
Earth Beings Cannot Live in
Climate of Mars
By Capt. EUis D. Morson
of Mars, and it is that if we were transported
there we should instantly die. How far this
incontrovertible fact is compatible with forms
of intelligent life such as we know nothing
of is a matter on which Prof. Lowell is not in
agreement with the larger number of astronomers who
have had opportunities of observing Mars. Let us, how
ever, before inquiring where the observer of Flagstaff
observatory, Arizona, differs from those astronomers
whom he has called the "gifted objectors who have not
seen the canals," set down points on which the larger
number of astronomers are in agreement. In the first
place there are distinct markings on Mars. These mark
ings have been known for a very long time; and have
been mapped by many observers since Schiaparelli, the
Italian astronomer, announced certain peculiarities about
them 30 years ago. A point of which Lowell makes a
great deal is that these maps all coincide very closely
in setting down the places where the lines on Mars ap
pear, and in tracing the directions which these lines
take. It is hardly necessary to say that the lines appear
to nearly all observers as straight lines.
A new question, however, now arises: The question of
the trustworthiness of "seeing." If one imagines an
astronomer-not very exacting about the quantity of
oxygen necessary for his support-setting up a tele
scope on Mars to point at the earth, we shall have to
allow that he would not see very much. Our dense at
mosphere, with the singular watery envelope that it is
suspected of possessing at great heights, would reflect
And for the Matter of That, It Is
Worth Heeding by "Children
df Larger Growth."
"Strike the knot," said a. man one
day to, his an, who, tired and weary,
was leaning on his ax over a log
which he had been trying to cleave.
Then, looking at the log, the gen
tleman saw how the boy had hacked
and chipped all around the ,knot with
$4. Profit from This
out hitting it. Taking the ax, he
struck a, few sharp blows on the knot
and split the log without difficulty.
Smiling, he returned the ax to his
son, saying:
"Always strike the knot."
That was good adrvice. It is as good
for you as it was to the boy to whom
it was first given. It is a capital max
im to follow when you are in trouble.
Have you a hard sum to do at school?
Will Turn DesertsInto Gold. Mines
bugs were practically destroyed and a full wheat crop was
reaped. The year before this destruction the green bug de
stroyed wheat to the estimated value of $60,000,000.
THE somewhat complicated piece of machinery above is going
to create a revolution in the gold mining industry. Here
tofore it has been impossible to work many promising placer
deposits because of the fact that no water was available.
The new machine gets the gold out of mine waste, sand and
gravel, without the aid of a drop of water. With it in use,
dirt running as low as 50 cents a yard can be handled with a
good profit. It will help to dot the dry deserts of the south.
west with mining camps.
HE whims of a bride should, of course, always be respected.
But when on the day before her bridal morn, a young wom
an of East St. Louis announced that she would not be married
unless she could move directly into a brand new home of her
own, the problem seemed a difficult one. Fortunately her pros
so much of the sunlight falling on us; the masses of
clouds of the "wine dark seas" w, Id add so much to
the dazzling impression, that hardly in the course of a
long life would the Martian astronomer be able to
glimpse every part of the earth. It is otherwise with
Mars. Just as it is said that every nation has the news
papers it deserves, so every planet has the atmosphere
It can hold. In oxygen, in nitrogen, in hydrogen, in
every gas, the particles, the molecules of the gas are
ever striving to fly away into space at speeds of thou
sands of miles a second. The lighter the gas the greater
the speed; and the only thing that keeps an atmosphere
inclosing a planet is the pull which the planet's weight
or gravity exerts. It is because the moon is so light in
weight that it fails to hold any perceptible atmosphere
at all. The planet Mars is in many ways midway in
characteristics between the moon and the earth; but
it resembles the moon more than the earth in its failing
grip on its gases. Its atmosphere is, therefore, very
One consequence of this is that we see Mars very
clearly. But we do not see it as clearly as we see the
moon. Its atmosphere does not refract light to a very
dazzling extent; and most astronomers believe that no
clouds are ever seen floating on it. There are dusky
veilings on its disc, that cross it like flying shadows;
but these are great dust-storms raised by tempests such
as would eclipse the wildest tornado which ever raged
on our modest planet; and there are apparitions which
Lowell has identified as snowstorms such as sweep over
a polar continent. In short, in spite of the clearness and
lightness of the Martian atmosphere, "seeing Mars" has
been described by an observer at Lowell's own observa
tory as "like looking at a Swiss landscape from a high
Alp, with the summer clouds sweeping about one. Now
the mist rolls away, revealing a bit of the valley, and
shuts in again in a moment, while in some other spot
the clouds break away and disclose a jagged summit
or a portion of a shining glacier." It requires, therefore,
This Green )
Bug Did /
$60,000,0,00 ., . .
Damage , .
Have you got to face a d!ifliculty? Are
you leaving home to live for the first
time among strangers? Strike the
knot. Look your trouble in the eye,
as the bold hunter looks in the face
of the lion. Never shrink from a pain
ful duty, but step right up to it and
do it. Yes, strike the knot. Strike the
knot, boys and girls, and you will al
ways conquer your difflculties.-Mon.
treal Herald.
A burglar may not be a man or iron
nerve, but he is a man of sterl.
This Tinu Wasp
Destrous the
Green Bug
• ý .. . . . ... : ýt. "vi4:- 'iI i i -.i.
House Built in Q.ne Da.
Cheap Ice Maker for
Everu Kitchen
pective husband was a man of re
source. He purchased a lot over
night, called in an enterprising con
tractor and at seven o'clock of the
special astronomical aptitude both to see and to map the
Martian "canals," and we need not be surprised that
many astronomers criticise Lowell's estimate of the
number of the canals as 426 and of the "oases" they join
as 186.
What are these lines and spots-are they canals?
Prof. Lowell and his assistants, Mr. Lampland and Mr.
Slipher, express no doubt on the question; and up to
a certain point they have very doughtily met objection
after objection to their theory. It must be understood
that no responsible person now denies that there are
markings on Mars. What astronomers dispute is wheth
er these markings are as numerous as Flagstaff obser
vatory declares, and whether they are artificial in char
acter. We may cede their number. Are they artificial?
One argument in favor of their having been made by
intelligent beings is that some of' the lines appear to
run parallel for hundreds of miles. The reality of this
appearance was doubted, Mr. Lampland has photo
graphed Mars, and there, real beyond doubt, on some
of the tiny photographs no bigger than a pea, appear
now and again double canals. Then there was the
question of water. Was there water on Mars at all?
Mr. Slipher has shown, by means of the spectroscope,
that there is water in the Martian atmosphere. If there
is water in the atmosphere then Mars may be less cold
than Lowell's opponents have declared, and the atmos
phere itself more dense. If that be true then there
may be water in these long lines which Lowell calls
canals, and these canals may have been built by rea
soning beings, who thus sought to irrigate their scorched
and drying planet with water flowing from the polar
That is the belief which Prof. Lowell once again as
serts in "Mars as the Abode of Life," and he comes to
his declaration with a vigor like the renewal he claims
for the Martian spring. More than that, he threatens
this stiff-necked generation of unbelievers. "Look at
Mars," he says, "and you will see pictured the future of
Literary Shrines That Attract the
Modern Pilgrim Who Travels
in an Auto.
All manner of men and women are
worshipers at literary shrines, even
those of popular modern deities. Pi
erre Loti's house and that of Edmond
Rostand are known of all winter birds
of passage at Biarritz, and Americans
from all the states have been known
to Journey to the southeast of Eng
land expressly for the purpose of ga
zing at Mr. Kipling's coast-house at
Burwash, at Henry James' house at
Rye, or at Ellen Terry's cottage at
Memories of Shelley, Byron, Brown
ing and Landor crop up every once
and again in the Italian tour by road
or rail, but how many who have made
the entrance to Italy via the Riviera
Wasting Gas Enough to Run All New York
going to waste in the
Caddo gas and oil fields near Shreveport, La.-gas enough
to furnish light, heat and power for all the homes and great
business enterprises of Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans.
The illustration shows the. largest well in this field. ,ts
crater covers an area of two acres and the gas rushes up from
the depths of the earth in such force and volume, that it has
been found utterly impossible to control it. For months the
gas has been burning, the flames leaping more than a hundred
feet in the air. Sometimes when the pressure is at its greatest,
birds flying over at a great height are killed by the rising
fumes and on several occasions the glow in the sky has been
visible from a distance of 50 miles. There is said to be a stand
ing offer of $15,000 for any one who can successfully put a
cap on this well.
T HE bottom cut illustrates a newly invented English ice ma
chine. It is worked by hand and requires so little power
that a child can easily operate it. The machine is sold at re
tail for less than $50, and in little more than half an hour
sufficient ice can be frozen to serve the purposes of the average
family. Once people realize the danger they are running in
using ice cut from ponds and lakes, which are often full of
disease contamination, the household ice machine will doubt
less prove popular.
(Copyright, 1909, by Joseph B. Bowles.)
your own earth, when, by the insensible flight of the
gases of the atmosphere, seas, rivers and lakes alike
will leave you, and nothing will remain but arid deserts
and the wintry Arctic and Antarctic. Thence alone
will you be able to derive moisture for the sustenance
of the vegetation, which, in its turn, will sustain a smore
ethereal, wastedrace of men; and, like the Martians, you,
too, will have to build canals hundreds of thousands of
miles long, employing all the resources of your engineer
ing skill thus to keep your pallid life within you." It
may be so, and in thirst the world may perish. But
the theory is artificial, as Lowell would have us be
lieve the canals. We cannot now examine all the objec
tions to the superstructure of the theory; and we will
only say this: That in theories of worlds as in theories
of life it is inadvisable to seek other than the simplest
explanations. On the surface of the earth and on the
surface of the moon there has been volcanic action. On
all planets, Mars included, there is a probability amount,
ing to certainty that volcanic action has taken place or
is taking place, and on Mars volcanic action would prob
ably be more marked than on the earth. Volcanic cracks
such as we know exist in the moon, though geologic\ime
has obliterated most of them on the earth, probably
exist on Mars, and the lines we see there are merely
cracks in 'the surface, from which steam exudes and cre.
ates an annual darkening crop of vegetation in the
spring time. On a smaller scale similar canals and simi
lar growth have been noticed even .in the airless moon.
In the island of Hawaii there are craters which by
their slow welling action furnish us with the closest par
allel that is known of the forms of craters in the moon, I
The"volcanoes of the moon were not eruptive like -Etna
and Vesuvius, but were pits, in which, as in the volcano
at Kilauea, the lava welled up. In the moon there are
long cracks, known as rills, of which one, the Aria- I
deus rill, is some hundreds of miles in length. In the ,
plains about the Hawaiian volcanoes are similar cracks n
on a small scale, up which steam rushes.
gateway have ever cast an eye on the
modest little Chalet des Pins abutting
on the Route d'Italie at Cap Martin,
Just after Monte Carlo, and before
Menton is reached? Not many, doubt
less. It is here that Mr. and Mrs
Williamson, the co-authors of the first
and only automobile novel, have their
winter rest house. How many good
things in automobile fiction have been
thought out and worked up here! This
little corner of the Cote d'Azur has
then a very welcome shrine for the lit.
erary motor pilgrim.
wedding day the work of
excavating for the new
house was begun. More
than 50 men of various
trades toiled at high
speed all day and at
seven o'clock the job
was entirely finished.
This house contains four
rooms, a bathroom, a re
ceptiop hall, a front
porch and a back stoop,
and is certainly the only
building of its preten
sions which was ever
built from the ground up
in 24 hours.
LION cubic feet of
natural gas a day are
For Benefit of Women who
Suffer from Female Ills
Minneapolis, Minn.-"I was a great
sufferer from female troubles which
caused a weakness
and broken down
condition of the
system. I read so
E. Pinkham's Veg
etable Compound
had done for other
suffering women I
felt sure it would
help me, andI must
say it did help me
wonderfully. My
pains all left me, I
grew stronger, and within three months
I was a perfectly well woman.
"I want this letter made public to
show the benefit women may derive
from Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound."-Mrs. JOHN G. MOLDAx,
2115 Second St., North, Minneapolis,
Thousands of unsolicited and genu.
ine testimonials like the above prove
the efficiency of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, which is made
exclusively from roots and herbs.
Women who suffer from those dis.
tressing ills peculiar to their sex should
not lose sight of these facts or doubt
the ability of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound to restore their
If you want special advice write
to Mrs. Pinkham, at Lynn, Mass.
confidential. For 20 years she
has been helping sick women in
this way, free of charge. Don't
hesitate-- write at once.
"Farmer, which of those cows of
yours gives the buttermilk?"
"None of 'em. The goat."
Privilege of English Husband.
A wife who complained at the
Marylebone police court in London the
other day that her husband used
abusive language to her was informed
by Mr. Plowden that this was one of
a husband's privileges.
"You must put up with it," the mag
istrate --told her. "Better an abusive
husband than no husband at all."
"But I have had so many years of
this kind of thing," she protested.
"I cannot give you any redress,"
Mr. Plowden replied. ' "You must ex
pect a certain amount of abuse in this
Have No Use for Pins.
All American exporters concerned
are warned by Consul General Denby
that they'll never get rich by selling
pins to the people of Shanghai. "The
Chinese have no use for pins," he
says, "strings and knots and loops
meeting every requirement of male
and female, young and old, to keep his
or her garments securely and neatly
His Need.
"What you require," said Knowit
all, "is a thrifty, economical wife."
"Why?" asked his friend blankly.
"Because you're a poor young man,"
was the answer.
"You're wrong. What I need is a
wealthy, liberal wife."
His Handicap.
Kind Lady-Ah, my poor man, why
don't you straighten up and take your
I place in society?
e Dusty Dan-What would be the use,
mum? I am too restless to play
Doctor's Test of Food.
A doctor in Kansas experimented
with his boy in a test of food and
gives the particulars. He says:
"I naturally watch the effect of dif.
tferent foods on patients. My own lit.
tle son, a lad of four, had been ill
with pneumonia and during his conva.
lescence did not seem to care for any
kind of food.
"I knew something of Grape-Nuts
and its rather fascinating flavor, and
particularly of its nourishing and
nerve-building powers, so I started the
boy on Grape-Nuts and found from
the first dish that he liked it.
"His mother gave it to him steadily
and he began to improve at once. In
less than a month he had gained
about eight pounds and soon became
so well and strong we had no further
anxiety about him.
"An old patient of mine, 73 years
old, came down with serious stomach
trouble and before I was called had
got so weak he could eat almost noth
ing, and was in a serious condition.
He had tried almost every kind of
food for the sick without avail.
"I immediately put him on Grape.
Nuts with good, rich milk and just a
little pinch of sugar. He exclaimed
when I came next day 'Why doctor I
never ate anything so good or that
made me feel so much stronger.'
"I am pleased to say that he got
well on Grape-Nuts, but he had to
stick to it for two or three weeks,
then he began to branch out a little
with rice or an egg or two. He got
entirely well in spite of his almost
hopeless condition. He gained 22
pounds in two months which at his
age is remarkable.
"I could quote a list of cases where
Grape-Nuts has worked wonders."
"There's a Reason." Read "The
Road to Wellville," In pkgs.
Ever read the above letter? A mew
one appears from time to time. They
7rearn.lne, end' '* of huma

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