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e St. Tamany FarmerThe S Tammy
. ...E.itor CO1 41GTO_ _UNED STATES G(SVOL. L IV . 4-. g M - so, Editor COVINGTON, LA., SATURbAY, APRIL 27, 1918 - VOL. XLIV No. 2 KOFC.WARFiNDENTERTAInMTTO-IGHT AP L.2 A11 Olen Married Since War Placed in Class One-I of Draft List WHERE DOES IT S fHOW GERMANY ACCOMPLISHED BIG THINGS? Towns R. Leiih A-sks Why iBand It to The'I'i: What Have They D)one? ro EPOCIH- A.i G S INVENT!ON THEIRS i termany Shouted "Hoc deri SKaiser," and Labeled It I "Made in Geri'unliy" (py Townes I. L, ! L.h, [,,. -I).. i'h. D., F. S. Sc., Ad.tit: t .in i r(,feassor of Chemistry 1 ' r, rt', . l niver -. ty, Georgi, itn. Ky. During the .u.t in nthi I have heteard the (Germ:'n-i art aigned ai ;:ýtlant, boorihu , :a i ric, yet in le:arly every cast' too speakers satf .'4i4d to their iui 'eti." s stuch an ex pIeilon as: "H't t h .in it cniiites to .guing you have to hall:d it it theml; -, have mad, s-ci'. 't. - ..Why lhandll it to, tilinm? What ydpojh-making invention o.r discvlteli' I1 of German origin ".'' Ipt a stamp tlm3,hiehich fs-iascribel . "Made in Uer '! ?" Their , ntis have kick M 4ltp a fair amount of spray as they .iPAoled in their 1,~l: but te world bi yet to hear ia tin'i-hty Teutonic .iash. Time ani, in Fl'reneh. --gllsh, Amnerican.t Ialian and Span : Inventors .and oi-.cut' itrs hane selat tidal iyav. s tttt.llunt ti.t' g lte. :Let -us now be ,speci:,'. ". ~ie steam engine, hais been ca:led - rt greatest of all inhentions. It e the shac '.i-t; fro'tl sla.:es; it led the marls ut !i,: w',t'rld; it neighbor:; of ti'" antipodes. *eiomen, a natile t ,f I),;vrshire. ed the patcnt lfat the first Par successful steain: ,n..in ;: \VWat. tchman, pert's iI it: ('uynet, ek and Tr,-t!\hiI hI br,,ight for the locomotiv'e. l,,t )ti t;,erntan Stephenson, an ,:n: .ishma:tn. 'atthe first to apply tho l~'.mi otivt , ugine to rai:wiay f,,r lJs-mnger F; rance, ElitIgl:itld andt .\Allt'rica Rued it to navi+:alion. \\ hn all been complete, ';t-::tinn 'pulld th.whistle cord, shuttlld "loch der 'r!" and ta 'l ,I \li:tle in nany." t.h. e telegraph, , hich i,: ;nl- is tihm history of ti:, ,iI.l, was ill t d by an Anietri:in. I',of. .\or"e. .- o also SlL'g'"t,.-I th,- Al tlantu c . e, which \va; sail'j. lll 'tvn y laid " 7 that Amerit ai: ,ii r- .i: '-s. it'ntist, C"I.I PField, ass.L tol in r.,,ring. the SAW world alumnsi it . if itie old' by -. ord Kelvin, the p :n. .. ;,}hys 'icrits, :wiDrtish subject t;r.:h'aln tel.l the -.hlef Inventor of thit : ' r,;,hti . i was b.-e In Scotlai, .l n ', ,ri . a , fi.ilume 1 America. A ytng .tu ..lan. M.\ar *Pt, gave wirel .- ti, ::i r i': lhiY ( tihe d. The hou-,e .,t !l.thnz· llern "shade great us,. f 2t*ls' iniven 1i0a ti ntelling (;r, at Itii'ain. Amenri i nlld Italy in at y;:. i tI xerbliage ° -at the fatherlai,d hi,,. t 'e fur. the. hted peoples of t h eartih. i rus McCort mick. a native of eat Vilrginia pr,(o ý id thi' reaping ehlSune which h ar'...' t-I li t ood of .the -World; . .di ' of It land. iroight forth :the tlhr. 'hit' ma ^" ll; thus was , f >,ha - i- !+,' ; . VIN - y, of .la ý:l 'lh . l is; p1 rent ,BiS Iinvented t ill tin g;In; liar .ie/.s, an Englishmani maI the Ili hman. stuplietid its deficiency . his famoui' spiiri-i' frame: the . glthman Kay iit ttlu,:i' I the h. le In+ 'e iiint'. i l i• l. t ,+ tho de -: the knittinr ,'iim. n:o,, 'art t, lnvento I of :,. ' or t tr lo i. SBritish sub, . h. ' -,s the * clothed. 'Worships a't th .:lint of Mars, Votive offi,..: h + sh, made god of wx ," I ,,:, no't, sht , idatributed s i:t:". 'l ,,r. smioke powder. p,,,ii ,, !,u cai,. nitro irn, gun-coi :n. dtnamiile, tor shrapnel. :.::titc cannon, Ile rifle. !,'!·it ee :-lim tin g oun, g guim. rvotv ir. Maxim sihen bimmerlirss tun. uihboat, iron - atteries o,.r :, m:ni, r plate. . ig ttirrt, .' )w:Ia or air Iteeb German· b >-tr .... her milf 'Appllancis irtm ith er nations. - e not sur .ril that she ob her devices of .r.'itV firo!m Il me souret . . ,i, nit pro. - the first aiitb .... ie vuianled r,-lIquid sa- .. as - nt ine, -8lS, th 'r .na et r. t, iomtet or. * . forte. :a , 1 ,',ire. itt nails. Mgaa.ss, 'i--: r - '. e 'n ar. I1 car, sh in'. ,at,' brake. - 0, aut-oniobi. na ul.' tic. tire. -machili, , ...xriic-. calen machine. Ca.h rtginti-r, stteel pens, etc., a, infIntum. - *The greatest hine 'that C.rm.nv -0tne Is to f Ils-Ix mly ierlise her the. light of the worl,. No At hers invented the electric MEN MARRIED SINCE DRAFT LAW PUT IN CLASS 1-I List of Those Put In This Class Under the New Instructions. MEN DRAFTED TO LEAVE MAY 1 Those Put in Class One-I To Appear for Examination Thursday, May 2. Following are the white men call ed to leave May 1, 1918, for Fort \icArthur, Texas: harry A. Freach, Mandeville. Sacm L. Parker, Slidell. Louis Hall, Bush. Clifford C. Bailey, Onville. Geo. W. Todd, Lacombe.. Fulton Talley, Mandeville. The following men 'who have mar ried since the draft law was enact ed, have been taken from Class 4-A and put in Class 1-I, ,asd are notified to appear for examination Thursday, May 2. 1918, at 10 a. m.: Alvin M. Smith, Covington. Joseph Ront, Covington. Jessie Tyson, Covington. Adolph Lazana, Slidell. Percy F Miles, Slidell. Ralph M. Rousseaux, Slidell. Ellis Warner, Slidell. John M. Sylvest, Violin. Will Newell, Florenville. Ernest A. Sticker, St. Tammany. Andrew J. Loyd, Covington. 1. W. Sullivan, Beaumont, Miss. Walter E. Fazende, Covington. Edgar Shelly, Madisonville. John F. Reeks, Slidell. Wade Burns, Covington. Bertrand P. Troullier, SlideI Wade H. Jenkins, Isabel. Camille Rodriguez, Madisonville. Winer W. Jackson, Slidell. Geo. J. Dubuisson, Slidell. Ned Irving, Slidell. Henry Andrews, Florenville. Archie Parker, Talisheek. Will Coley, Florenville. Henry McCall, Slidell. Joseph Nelson, Slidell. Reddeck Ezell, St. Tammany. S. Narcisse, Bonfouca. Arthur Gooding, St. Tammany. Lenny Ray, Slidell. Percy E. Smith, Covington. Calvin Craddock, Pearl River. Harry M. Crawford, Pearl River. John C. Duckworth, MadIsonville. Laurence Woods, Folsom. Arthur Lane, Madisonville. John J. Ouder, Slidell. Willie Bingletary, Lacombe. David Hunter, Ramsay. Albert S. David, Covington. Nelson Lumzey, Ramsay. Rusaw Jenkins, Covington. Joseph H. Pons, Abita Springs. Thomas Louis Doby, Mandeville. Daniel Jackson, Peitrl River. Geo. I'. Frentz, Houma, La. Edgar Talley, Violin. John Howze Dunham, Slidell. James Jackson, Mandeville. Malshne Penn, Houltonville. Walter Deen, Hllldale, Miss. Carroll B. Grothaus, Mandeville. C. Sidney Frederick, Covington. \\m. Thos. Crawford. Sllidell. Jas. M. Hutchinson, Mandeville. Hy. Morgan Cooper, Bogalusa, La. Robt. E. Glockner, Mandeville. light, the gas light, the acetyline light, the kerosene light, the search light, the flashlight, the safety lamp the candle dip or the friction match. America, France, England and other "untutored" nations performed these tasks. The sun, moon and stars are the only lights left for Germany's contention, and according to the SMosaic account, the Lord and not the kaiser made and placed them in the firmament. 1)auerre, a Frenchman, presented us with photography. Our own Edi son brought forth the motion picture to delight and instruct the eye and the phonograph to please and teach the ear. The Germans enjoy our records, and lifting high their steins, drink a prolonged toast to the achievements of the vaterland, "Deutschland uber Alles." Galileo, who first saw the heavens with a telescope, was an Italian. The men rwho first saw the earth and its teeming life with a microscope were not of German origin. Yet many telescopes and microscopes in our colleges, being marked "Made in Germany," have led students to believe that these wonderful instru ments were devised by German brain. The Germans are mechanics, not in ventors. By use of the compound micro scope Pasteur, the LFench biologist, as early as 1857 demonstrated a con nection between microscopic orgat isms and disease. was nine years before Dr. Koc the German bacteriologist, had duated. In this smtna D'.tiu a of " (comier 8) S. CAMOUFLAGED QUARTERS OF MARINES IN FRANCE -I 4 1, t. •:--. ; , : ,,. $. . .* , ;t. :?: ,,ýg.. K . ` . f ~ ",. +"..; '>..:" X:,ý , .;..: "F.y,%:,. -.: -.-.".Pi , "~~~ .,,.. :..:. P.-:, ......:.:;^ +'+"ý'"~,.:. •eer 1\ w ps e ..:..h :.. "ý,." :...., The huts of the Amer'ican marines now training behind the lines in France have been covered with brushwood P. -kep them-from being seen by enemy flyers. * ·~·/ 4L* 4.~~?3" Z V-~·;·~~·· ~ ~-~.·--A. Il~a~lje~~eBBR~.~~446 . Ai ; *r1~1~ hOWQWiF~ez by~CFCa: i~'h keep4~6O4.6~-4~&4~*~ 44..544.~-..5'- --.4404.'4444 The utsof te A eilcn mrins no trinin beindthe ine in rane hae ben o~erd ith buslwoo 1to tem frm beig see by eemy fyers MADISONVILLE NEWS NOTES Through the courtesy of the build ers of "Tumble Inn," at Madison ville, last Saturday, a very enjoyable dance, with refreshments, was large ly attended and netted the neat sum of $120 for the local branch of Red Cross. The music was furnished by the Working Men's Band. Much of the success was due to the energetic work of the men's committee under Chairman Archagelo, Andrinac and Probst, and the ladies' committee, Mimes. P. A. Blanchard, Jos. Le Blanc, Paul Oulliber, A. Oulliber, Jr., G. E. Ericson and E. L. Case. This committee was from the R.d' Cross. The W. O. VW. Ball, to be given for a charity fund, ,will be at the U. F. B. A. Hall to-night. It wi:l be under the auspices of Oak Camp N.). 266. A pleasant time is anticipated. The boxing contest staged for Sun day terminated in a rough house, in which "Boll Weevil," (colored) a brother to one of the contestant., struck the referee A chase by the police followed, but it is. said that P'oli Weevil is runnlhg yet. WasmtTo Go To, the Front. The following letter shows that the color line is no bar to patriotic seantiments. The writer is desirous of tiSltitug for his oountri, and thoughelhe is noboft draft age waives his exemlpton, and is ready to go to the front, it hib' Government will accept him: 'Ma4tlootville Aprit 24, 1 0S. Local Board, Coritaagn, La. Dear Sirs:--I ant dwtroua of do Ing my -bit for Uncle. Sam, and am not of draft age, only 20 years- old. Am physicaly perfect and wish to join one branch of Uncle Sam's flght ing machine. As. I am barred b.' color margin to volunteer in the special branches- where they are in need, 1 wish your board to help me out by taking me asoon as poseible. Yours truly, AARON JOHNSON. -A II.1o . .sW AN RWID ('lSe*M .MET IhS¶AAN' DISA tIER. Up to the time of the great Italian disaster, the American Red Cross was operating in Italy only through an adisory commission and had un dertaken little of special importance. A telegram from the American am l.rssador at Rome for food and clothes reached the American Red Cross in Paris in the middle of the fcrenoon. By evening of the next day they had bought in Paris mark eta 24 carloads of supplies and had started these supplies toward Italy. %\ :thiu one week after the diststrous retreat the AmericallPRed Cross was In the field with physicians, nurses and ambulatnces, ministering to the refugees. Twenty-three ambulances were dispatched from France alone early in November for service with tht Italian Army and it is planned to increase this number to 200. No agency other than the Red Cross v-a3 in position to answer so instant ly such a stirring appeal. No: would the Red Cross be able to meet such emergencies were it not o'- the American people who provide funds _hat is another reason behind the appeal for a hundred million doilars for war fund. Every dollar of this n-.ney is. spent in actual war relief ;nd relief which is gorely needed and can not be had from - any other source. The Italian work is al, ex ample. BOY SCOUTS PLAN CAMPING TRIP AT CLOSE OF SCHOOL. The stories of camp life have al ways aipeated to the boy, and there are few of them who have not long ed at times to enjoy some of the ap- eterpwstheirns e.tbeos Troop No. 1 of the Boy Scouts is making Ernest Louis Fuhrmann, of Good bee, La., is the son of Mrs. Alice Fuhrmann. He is now at Newport, having joined the L'. S. Navy, and will be in training at that station until he is ordered to ac tive duty. He is one of the St. Tam many boys who is anxious to get a whack at the Kaiser. He is one of the "Liberty Boys." SMALL COTTON PATCH DOES NOT PAY By Capc. G. E. Millar.) Abita Springs, April z5, 1918. 'Observer," in last Saturday s l sue of the Farmer, does not quite grasp the situation. I do not auvo cate giving up the growing of cot ton-quite the contrary. tiut when the small man who cultivated frm 5 to 15 acres tells you that he "only broke even and had no return for his and his families labor," it is time to quit planting cotton on a small scale. 1 have not met one, but several, who told me that. What the small farmer (for that matter the big one too) -wants are crops that help to build up the land and which will feed the family and the stock first-something growing all the year round, and which builds up the soil. I am glad to hear of the large amount of fertilizers put on the "Onville Rancf," and no doubt that the crops grown there will be the pride and envy of the whole parish. I only wish that all the farmers had so much stable manure from well fed aninmals. At a meeting of the Board of Di rectors of the St. Tammany Fair As sociation, held Wednesday, it was agreed that a judges' stand would be arranged for at the next fair, and that all exhibits. must be brought to the stand, and then they will be sure to be judged on their merits and the owners can be there and see for themselves why this or that parj ticular exhibit did or did not win. It is only by comparison that a fair award can be made. While on the subject of parish fair, it would be a splendid thing for every farmer to have a share or two in the stock. It would wipe out the incubus of debt, and put the whole thing on a strong financial basis. It isa for the farmers special benefit and they should be interested in it finan cially. I feel sure that when the average farmer sees it in the right light none will hesitate to take a share or two-they are only $1.00 each. The board of directors should have a farmer or two on the board: Let us go to it! Mr. C. S. A. Fuhrmann, manager of the Parkview Theatre, has made arrangements to have amusements al the Fair Grounds. Under this man agement there will be dancing, races, baseball and other forms of at'iletic and outdoor amusement. It wti! be the only thing of the kind tha: Cov ington has had, and should be glad ly welcomed by visitors as wI.l as home folks. plans to spend a week in the woods with boating, swimming, fishing and other forms of scouting. To make this possible Friday, May 3, will be Scout Day on the school grounds. They will amuse you and refresh you and put the pennies and the nickels into their treasury. At night there ,Will be even more fun. It is Scout Night and you cannot aflf6d to miss it. For a small admissil6i you will be more their repaid. Aik- the boots. COVINGTON BOY NOW AT THE FRONT IN FRANCE A I'hoppin Fisher. He is now in service at the front. In Hospital Unit No. 24. He is a Covington boy. K. C. ENTERTAIN TO-NIGHT The Knights of Columbus will give a "War Fund" entertainment at they Southern Hotel to-night, April 27. There will be recitals by Emmet Kennedy, dancing and cards. The entertainment will commence at 8 p. m. Admission, 50 cents. --0 IIDELL HEADS LIST. In the Third Liberty Loan Slidell heads the list of St. Tammany towns with the sale of $86,000 of bonds. This puts St. Tammany well over the $200,000 mark. RED CROSS MEETING. The St. Tammany Branch of the Red Cross will hold its meeting at the high school auditorium, Wednes day at 2 o'clock. NOTICE. Will all parties who have signed' the pledge cards for War Savings Stamps, send those for file to Miss Kate Eastman, parish chairman W. S. S., Covington, La. The school children have pledged htemselves to do their bit by selling the stamps to the parties pledged, and os we want the names sent in immediately. O K. OF C. INITIATION AT BATON ROUGE. On Sunday, April 21, the follow ing gentlemen were initiated at Bat on Rouge in the Knights of Colum bus: Messrs. John E. Berwsteri J. Ragan, T. Garland Moise, S. Cass rta, Randolph Ray and H. J. Roublon. St. Tammany Counail 1380 spared no pains or cost to give the young men on their first journey to knigt hood a ;oyal time. A special train was engaged for the event, which returned Sunday night with the St. Tammany delegation. There were approximately 100 men of military age who also went through at Baton Rouge on Sunday. SCHOOL BOARD PROCEEEDINGS SESSION OF APL. 12-19 Provision Made To Repair Damages in. Slidell School Building. REPORT OF SECTY. OF SCHOOL BOARD The Financiltg of Schools, Madisonville Fund, and Many Other Matters. ('oving'on. La., Aptril i1, 1. 15. llhe St. Tanmuany Parish S~hool l'oard m~'t in regular sesioln on tile above date in the offi:e of the Sup erintendent with ,he follo\in g niemii bers present. F. J. OlKeefe, sec on0d ward; N. Ii. FitzSimons, third ward, II. H. Levy, fourth ward; W. 1H. Kahl, fifth ",ard; Dave Evans, sixth ward; H. W. W\oodruff, ninth ward. Absent: (.eo. R. )utsch, first ward; Berry W. Todd, seventh ward; J. 11. Robert, eighth ward, and Geo. E. Millar, tenth ward. The minutes of the last meeting were read and upon motion of Mr. Woodruff, seconded by Mr. K:ahl, were approved as corrected. The following report was read lb. the Superintendent, and upon mo tion by Mr. Kahl, seconded by ,Mr. O'Keefe, it was accep:ed and re ferred to the Stale Supervisoe' of Public Accounts: To the Honorable President and the Members of St. Tammany i'a:rish school Board: %Gentlemen:--I beg to aubmhit the foilowing report and staoemntet o our school for tile quarter ending March 31, 118. The schools of the sevenoth ward have completed their termi of seven months. The friends of toe .',.d, son\ille school, under the leadership of their School Improu;ement i.eague hal\e raised enough to pay their eachers' salaries for the eighth and ninth months. I regret tha: tilhe amount raised has not been s!ilici- ent also to continue the operating of the teo school transfer,. Unless the pupils who have 1rav eled on these transfers attend school for the rest of the year I fen,' they will not be ready for promotion into their next grades. I do desire, how ever, to give credit to the ladies of Madisonville, as well as their town council, for the very commendable interest taken in their school. Un der the present conditions, and when we consider the rapid growth of the town caused by the new ship yards, I feel positive that additional teach ing force will be required there for annther year. The patrons of the FolsoIm school have raised by private subscriptions enough to continue their school for two months beyond the term fur nished by public funds. The at tendance at the Pilgrim Rest school fell to -below ten, recently, and I gave my consent to the.-q.ioirrg of the school for two weeks.` I trust that we will be justified in reopen ing it at the end of that time. lJut as soon as we get time, I feel that we should consider ways and ne.,nse of hbilding a :we v ihouos at Pearl River to take the pl.ae ) the ,one burned last falU U'n r pr,- ent conditions I see nothing to do other than asking the praplE of that (i trict to float bonds, because the oret el special tax will unt fturia.h enough, even though we were to hold it for two years. Yoiu will remember that at our last meeting you approlpriates i 1 2,00 for the purpose of repairing the toi lets in the Slidell school. I have secured bids for this work and find the lowest ones will reach some over $2000, or $800 more than your ap propriation. For this reason no con tract for this work has been award ed. Feeling that the cracks in the Slidell school building needed im mediate attention, I secured Mr. W. T. Nolan, of the firm of Nolan & Torre, to go to Slidell and make an inspection. The. following letter eltter from him gives this recom mendation: Dear Mr. Lyon:-From the in spection of this building made yes terday we are of the opinion that there is one point at least where the lintel over the openings on the side of the auditorium needs instant at tention and if the temporary shoring is done as suggested, viz., of pointing in a 6x6 piece to rest on the present brick cemented sill, leveling up the same to provide a flat footing for the bottom of the shore, wedging up tightly under the shore, thete should be no trouble for the present. This remedy of course is only temporary tn' character so as to provide against an accident occuring. We notice that most of the out side corners of the building have set tied and these foundations should be APPEAL IS MADE MERCHANTS TO ASSIST LABOR PROBLEM Council of Defense Asks the Elimination of Unnec essary Work. POINTS TO WAYS OF DOING THIS Co-Operative Delivery Sys tem Saves Half or More of Labor. The State Council of Defense !s uL.es the following war message to the retail merchants of Louisiana: You, as a retail merchant, are cill edl upon to take a definite .part in a :,flion wide program for making the bcst use of m-n and materials in the conduct of the war. The request conies from the Commercial Econo my Board of the Council of National Defense. The Board asks you to plan for the elimination of 4nneces, sary work. Its recommendation' ,uill make it possible for y.M to operate with smaller forces and sue cer.fully meet your own labor prob lems. When any of your employees leave to join the fighting forces do :it replace them if you can help it. To replace them would mean taking workers from farms, munition fac tories, railroads, shipyards, or the like, or from the already short sup ply of workers available for these vital industries. Instead, the board asks you to try to get on with the force you have left. In many cases the reduction of delivery service will make men available for other peal Lions in your store from which men have been taken for military or other essential work. As a moans of- doing this with the leccnt pos;ible inconvenience to you and your trade, the Commercial lEconomy Board of the Council of National Defense and this council. urges the following: 1. That you reduce your deliv eries to one a day over each route. 2. That the privilege of retuait ing merchandise be limited to 3 lays. 3. That co-operative delivery sys tems be established. One delivery a day over each route does not necessarily mean that each automobile or wagon shall leave the store only once a day. Each au tomobile or wagon may make sev eral trips a day, but each trip should be over a different route. These are definite concrete reo ommendatlons that are being suc cessfully applied to all classes of business. The Commercial Econo my Board also recommends that merchants adopt plans of their own to eliminate or curtail special deliv eries. and the handling of needless C. O. 1). orders. Co-operative delivery systems com monly save one-half and frequently save more on delivery expenses when compared with the operations of In dividual systems. We will be glad to supply literature on this subject to merchants who are interested in the plan. If these recommendations have not already been carried out in your ,:tore, you and all other retail mer chants are urged to carry them out without delay. It is of the greatest importance that you do this and do t at once. The object is directly and solely to conserve manpower for the nation's defense. By co-operat ing you will help to win the war. r•.inforced so as to provide against any further sinking. We would suggest that a plan and specilications be prepared as soon as c:,nvenient and bids should be ask ed for from contractors with a view of putting the building in proper order, which would include the noW' arrangements for the closets, fling the plaster, and generally going over the building and putting it in order. We would be prepared to do this at any time and shall be glad` to hear from you about it at yo " eOr venience. Yours very truly, NOLAN & TORRE. I had the 6x6 supports placed in the windows, as recommended by Mr. Nolan, although .you understand this is oply temporary relief. Fol lowing out the suggestion of Mr. No lan and with the approval of your new member from the ninth ward, I asked this same architect to make a careful inspection of the inside as well as the outside of this building and give us an estimate of what the probable cost would be for making thorough repairs and placing the building in -irst class condition. Mr. Woodruff and I both feel that the board has in the past been mak ing temporary repairs and that the best way will be the cheapest in the end. I offer the following letter from Mr. Nolan, giving in detail the SCaItaued on 0 a6 52) *.