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The St. Tammany Farmer 2 .u
v sIabsrber. Help boost bthe pPh . --Editor COVINGTON, LA., SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1920. D. II. [ASON, Editor COV1NCGTON, LA., SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1920. VOL. 46 No. 18 ) . . .. . . ... m m )m m mm m mm mm m m ) m mm m ra) mmm mmsis mmm m .m . m s | m .E . ms a ST. TAMMANY IS MOURNING THE DEATH OF ITS SHERIFF His Passing Away Bring. to Fuller View Esteem In Which He Was Held. DEATH OCCURS IN NEW ORLEANS A Man Whose Life and See vice Won the Respect of all Citizens. The courthouse is draped in mourning. While the friends of Sheriff T. E:. Brewster feared hte might not re cover from his recent illness, later news from his bedside was encourag Ing, and when he was finally able to sit up, sign checks and tran-act other business it vas b,,lieved he might soon be strong enough to re turn to his home in Covington. iHe was taken sick it' New Orleans, where he went to attend the carui val, and was confined to his bed at the home of his mother, Mrs. Jonn Brewster. Tuesday all hopes were dashed away by the announcement that his illness was further complicated by the contraction of double pneumonia, and his family hurried to his bed side. Wednesday word came tha. Mr. Brewster could not live through the night. He died at 9 o'clock Wednesday evening, March 17th, at the age of 51 years. Those of hi, frlends who learned of his death before retiring that night took the morning train for New Orleans and were present at the funeral, which took place at 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon. Interment at St. Pat rick's Cemetery No. 2. Mr. Brewster is survived by his wile, a son, John E. Brewster, of --covington; five daughters, Mrs. S. L. 'Dittmar, Miss Hettie Brewster, Miss Alice Brewster, Mrs. H. L. Sinclair, of New Orleans; Miss Adrienne Brewster, his mother, Mrs. John Brewster, five sisters and two broth ers. The pall bearers were Judge Pren ties B. Carter, Hon. Lewis L. Mor gan, Coroner H. D. Bulloch, Tony Gabriel, Fred Hardy and Robt. L. Aubert. The news of Mr. Brewster's death reached Covington after many of his friends had retired to their homes, and in the excitement of the moment telephone messages were not sent to many of them. But those who learn ed of his death in time left for New Orleans on the morning train. Those who attended the funeral from Covington, aside from the reia tires, were, Hon. Lewis L. Morgan, Judge Prentiss B. Carter (of Frank linton), Geo. R. Dutsch (Madison ville), W. E. Blossman, clerk of court elect; Coroner and Mrs. H. D. I Iflloch; Jacob Seiler, postmaster: Nick Seller, A. D. Schwartz, A. L. Bear, E. G. Davis, president of the Covington Bank & Trust Co.; Stanley J. Theriot, Capt. Pizett.a (Mande Ville), Walter Galatas, chief deputy sheriff; John Padras. Mayor Martin Behrman, John T. Michel, James Wilkinson and many prominent New Orleans men attend ed the funeral. The funeral was held as soon afcer Sdeath as possible because of the sern one illness of Mrs. John BIrewster and quite a number of Sheriff Brows ter's family. Mrs. Brewster is weak ., d trAlcken with sorrow and threa Sened illness. Mr. Brewster's grand child, Mr. Dittmar's son, contracted petamonl., Miss Alice is threatened with pneumonia, Miss Itettie left home suffering from the effects 0t faduenza, and all are more or le-s ill or threatened with sickness. During his twenty long years of service as sheriff, Mr. Brewster has been blessed with more staunch and loyal friends, political and personal, tha. falls to the lot of many men in uHilc life. Even in the bitterness of election times no word has been attered against him that could in a.ar way detract from his high stand ard of citizenship and otlicial integri *. The term for which he was snout to be elected was given to hinl without opposition and he was deep raffected by the confidence and . ; of the people he had served ¾ 0 and faithfully. At a supper then in honor of this occasion his I'Ateul appreciation was expressed ina short address in which his emo wArs1 a plainly visible. It was p7'atbly the first time his friends h ever heard him make a speech, b rhe was known as the "Silent Bhatt." But while he was not a tlker he was a man of action aid aIs3 t.altion. He was not afraei Of mobs and he was not afraid to do h duty regardless of consequence?. s a citizen, Mr. Brcwster was land patriotic, a;lways ready to (e In the expense of undertakings i Community increat or benefit*. il life was particularlv clean an.d ,i_ htbits simple and domestic. He '.d his family and tis spare hours 4rt spent in his home, Hle h:i 'Seerly farmed at Madilionville and . recently gone into the cultiva :'Ug of rice, which he blelieved would %aprofltable bus:nes in the future. Mr. Brewster was a son of JoIhllnt :ZO.ater of New Orleans. a man well 4lOtn In public lite there and who * . .B.eemed and influential. Our5 --hMgjt Inherited from his fath." . . of the traits that made him SPARISH FAIR TO OPEN ABOUT OCTOBER 21ST sA Big Fair is Expected With Assistance of Parish Agent and Farmers. MORE EXHIBITS IN PREMIUM LIST Tempting Prizes Running Up From Five To Fifty Dollars. 1 The next Parish Fair dates will most likely be Oct. 21, 22, 23, 24. Hammond and Franklinton follow the next week-end and the State Fatr dates are Oct. 27-Nov. 5th. This is a trifle earlier than our Fair has been held, but use of these dates avoid conflicts and enable our Par ish to get its exhibits to the State Fair. With the assistance of a farm demonstration agent, our farmers should make a good *Iqwing here and at the State Fair. dTe agri cultural exhibit was rather a slam than a boost to the farmers of this Parish last year. The new premium list is now in preparation for the men women and children exhibitors and will .be in the hands of the puo lic this month. This will be the earliest of any year yet. There is no time to L lost. Preparation should be made now for the approaching tair. It soon will be time for Mayhaw jelly, etc. The garden and field plantings should provide for exhibits for the fair. Plant a variety of products. It is perfectly legitimate and 'wise to give some few gplants or few rows special care to make prize producti While the whole garden and whole field should receive the best of care, yet we may give an extra "petting" :n the matter of cultivation, fertiliza tion and even irrigation to the plants or rows that are to "take the cake " The same apppies to chickens, pigs, yearlings or colts. Make winners of them. This will be interesting and instructive to the producers and a splendid advertisement for the ,par ish to the hundreds of visitors who come to our fair and to the thousands who will see our exhibit at Shreve port. Many of these visitors to fairs go there to decide wihich parish they want to invest and live in. The premium list will include more exhihits than last year and larger prizes. One of the new fea tures will be handsome prizes for I the best exhibit from any one farm. Separate booths will be provided the exhibitors who desire it, and the fol lowing will be about the prizes of fered: 'Best display, $50; second. $25; third, $15; fourth, $10, an l fifth, $5. Five can win. This is o worth working for. DISPLAY OF QUICK-MATURING FRUIT AND PRODUCTS. Dr. Stevenson has in the Marsolan I store window a display of quick-ma turing fruit trees and produce adapt- 1 ed to this section. The display is made to stimulate local culture and raising of the products. None of the articles are for sale. Ask friends for cuttings, or buy through dealers. The list includes the dasheen, or Chinees potato, the giant Guinea bean, the mirliton with its fifty-seven ways of serving, the Indian potato, 1 the everbearing strawberry, the brown turkey fig that grows eigh feet in a season, peaches, ,plums ani the Chinese sand pear, the blight r, sistant pear, also thoroughbred Tot, louse and Orpington eggs. A beauti ful specimen of sugar cane tassel, a rare flower, is included in the collec- I tion. An enormous radish is said to I be equally as good used as a turnip, andit is probably the quickest ma- ( turing vegetable. ST. TAMMIANY NOTES. We are sorry to learn that Mrs. Martin is sick. We sympathize wih her relatives most sincerely and hope 1 for her a speedy recovery. | Mr. John Krentel spent Tuesday in New Orleans on business. Mrs. Lizzie Crawford and Miss Fannie Smith spent Wednesday in Slidell. Mr. and Mrs. Max Lamers spent Sunday evening with Mrs. Alfred Smith. t Mr. and Mrs. R. Ezell, of Coving ton, spent a few days with relatives here. Mr. J. T. Keller visited Bush last Sunday. Mrs. Mildred Crow and daughter spent a few days in Bush with he' mother. Mr. Pedro Bennett spent Saturday and Sunday in Bogalusa.. Mr. Tobe Vaughan, of Audubon, spent Sunday with his son, Mr. Ma: shall Vaughan. Mr. Long, of Lacombe, spent Sln day with Mr. L. W. Crow. Mrs. Peter Galloway spent Sunday in Slidell. 1 Mr. Rome Sticker, of Mandevii'a, was a visitor here Wednesday. BORN-To Mr. and Mrs. Wiley Singletary, on Sunday, March 14th, 1920, a daughter. politically successful and personally loved. Lewis L. Morgan, A. D. Schwartz and Arthur L. Bear have been ap pointed a committee in charge of i memorial exercises of the Bar As- 1 sociation, to be held first day of next court term, second Monday in April. 1 TRUCK A TACHMENT FOR MAKING HIGHWAY L ..._ A Light Automobile Made Into a Road-Making Machine: The Change Was Brought About by Converting the Car Into a Truck; Then Attaching a Device With Suspended Scraper and Levers for Adjusting It. Motortrucks can be converted into road-making machines at little expense by a recently patented attachment, designed especially for the lighter types of gasoline-driven vehicles. A scraper is suspended underneath a truck, when the device is used, on a frame which is connected with levers pivoted on a standard mounted on the floor above. By moving the levers, the scraper is adjusted to several positions for grading and leveling, or raised to clear the ground. Two men are required to operate the machine, one for driving and the other for manipulating the levers.-Popular Mechanics Magazine. SLIDELL RAISES QUOTA FOR BUILDING THE MONUMENT. The letter from Mr. Everitt an nouncing that Slidell has raised its quota of the Monument Fund will looked forward to the building of this memorium to the boys of St. Tammany who fought our battles. It is to be hoped that other parts of the parish who have not yet com pleted their drive will wake up and get to it. Following is the letter: Slidell, La., March 10, 1920. Mrs. J. C. Burns, Covington, La. Dear Mrs. Burns:-1 am pleased to advise that Slidell has raised her quota of $750.00 for the Parish Memorial Fund. We will possibly go slightly over our quota when all subscriptions are In. Please advise me when you are ready to make the final payment ofn the monument. Respectfully, C. A. EVERITT. - 0---- - NIGHT MARSHAL JONES DOES A GOD01) P1ECE OF WORK. Night Marshal Ed. Jones has done a very good piece of detective work in the arrest of Arthur John and the recovery of four auto tires stolen from the Covington Grocery & Grain Company. During his investigati in of the recent robbery Marshal Jones discovered that one Charles Plier had in his possession some new auto tires. He called upon Plier and finally got him to admit that he bad the tires and that he had got them from John. In fact he had dug a round hole, according to the rep rt, and was preparing to take them from a tub, put them in the hole and c.over thgm up. Marshal Jones then went to John's room and woke him up and placed him under arrest. John de nied all knowledge of the tires, but it is claimed there is evidence enough that he took them to Plier. Marshal Jones was enabled to trace John up in this matter through the finding of a sweater belonging to John's woman, a negress named Martha, in the warehouse of the Cor ington Grocery & Grain Co. As soon as he ascertained that it was her property he knew that he could piace his hands on the man in the case. John is the same negro who was up for trial less than a year ago for stealing a bicycle. There was not evidence enough to convict him and he got off. FOR SALE-Bakery equipment and premises; also lot with small house at corner of Florida and Kirk land street, Covington. Apply to H L. Abadie, Covington mr20tf --0-- QUARANTINE PLACED ON COT TON SEED AND PRODUCTS. To The St. Tammany Farmer: Baton Rouge, March 16.-A quar antine on shipments of cottonseed and cottonseed products from Texas to Louisiana, as a means of prevent ing further infestation of the pink boll worm, has been declared by W E. Anderson, acting state entomolo gist, with the approval of Harry D Wilson, commissioner of agriculture. The quarantine regulations are as follows: In order to prevent further infes tations or dissemination in the state of Louisiana of the dangerous and destructive insect pest of the cotton plant known as the Pink Boll Worm a quarantine is hereby placed on all that area comprising the State of Texas from which the shipment of cottonseed and cottonseed Iproducts into Louiseana is prohibited. Cottonseed and cottonseed pro ducts can be shipped from Texas in to Louisiana, provided the shipper secures from the Entomologist of Louisiana a special permit for each separate shipment, which will be is sued only after the shipper has fur nished a satisfactory affidavit as t the origination of the cottonseed .r any other information that the ento mologist may deem necessary to es tablish the safety of such shipments. It shall be unlawful for any per son, firm or corporation in Louisi ana to import from Texas any cot Mr. and Mrs Jos. M. Smith, of Mandeville, La., announce the ap proaching wedding of their daughter Harriet to Mr. Jas. N. Cornet, o,: the morning of Monday, April 5th, 1920, at 9 o'clock, at Our Lady of the Lake Church, Mandeville, La. REPORT MISS LANSING OF FIRST MONTH'S WORK A. R. C. Chairman and Members, Nursing Committee, St. Tammany Parish Chapter, American Red Cross: I respectfully submit herewith my reports of School and Nursing work for February. On the morn ing of the 5th 1 reported to your committee, but as they did not wish my time to begin until the follow ing Monday, the following reports therefore begin'Feb. 9th and cover a period of three weeks. The Committee of the Home Ser vice Section met the afternoon or Feb. 5th. I was present at this meeting also and outlined the work I hope to do. This Committee, like the other, is an enthusiastic one and very active. I have done considera ble work in connection with families under their care. One of these -be ing a family out on the road be yond Mandeville. Having heard they were sick we went, provided with food and bed linen. This family of six children, the eldest a boy of twelve, had been deserted by their mother. The father and two oldest boys were quite sick, with very high temperature, and the'baby, a cripple of about two years, was also sick. This child was in a pitiable con dition indeed, with flies breeding under and around it. The filth of the whole place was indescribabi3. After taking their temperature, I advised that a physician be callel. While the Home Service Workers went for the doctor and fed the half-starved children I gave nour ishment to the sick, bathed and fixed up their beds with what linen we brought. The three .children were sent on the morning train to the hospital in New Orleans. All three are improved. The two boys almost ready for discharge, 'but the baby will be kept there for some time. As you know, there are usually a great miany farmers in town, es pecially on Saturdays, and they are often accompanied by their wives and children, who have no place to' rest or freshen up after having fin ished their shopping. Sometimes mothers with babies in their arms stand waiting for husbands who of ten are detained at the courthouse or elsewhere. It seems to me that a "Rest Room" in a convenient place would be a wonderful help to their women and babies, and at the same time be an ideal place for me to get in touch with them. Some come from homes miles away, and wouldl be difficult for me to see. The Pro-I gressive Union met on the first Mou-i day, and I secured an invitation to, this meeting in order to put before them the question of the "Rest Room." I found that they had of-I ten thought of the desirability of something of the kind. A farmer's wife, who had won fame at the curb1 market was present to tell of her experiences, and she thoroughly ea dorsed the movement. Some of tic ladies present spoke for the King's Daughters, saying they also were interested, and it is promised there will be a "Rest Room" by the enu of March. I have had enterviews with every doctor who practices in Covington, also Mandeville, Madisonville an] Folsom, with some of our ministers, with the Parish Sulperintendent of Education, Principal of the Covin; ton High School; have had talks (Continued on page 2) tonseed or cottonseed products with out first securing a permit from the i state entomologist for each separate importation. This permit will be issued only after the entomologist has been furnished with the name of the shipper. Railway and express comnpanies, water crafts and other common car riers are hereby prohibited from ac cepting cottonseed or cottonseed pro ducts for delivery in Louisiana from Texas, unless the agent of the trans portation company at the station cr place where the consignment is of fered for shipment has received a letter from the Entomologist of Lou ishana, signed by the said Entomolo gist, permitting the agent to accept the shipment of cottonseed or cotton seed products for deilvery in the State of Louisiana. The above rule is made in accord ance wi.th Act No. 36 of the General Assembly of 1910 and shall have the full force and effect of law on and after March 10, 1920. An offender of the above rule shall be punished as provided for in said Act. HCOVINGTON HAS AGAIN LEARNED THIEVES COME IN THE NIGHT Dr. B. B. Warren Is The Heaviest Loser to Night Prowler This Time. CHASED FROM HOUSE WITH GUN Mrs. Allen Saw Him Jump From Gallery; Says He Was Black. Covington has again awakened t, the fact that riches may ly by night as well as bats. The quiet calm of the first comfortable March evening in which the open window in the bedroom might let the flu out has been disturbed by the thief who flew in. It is a story of the old confi dence that we are all too poor to be rolbbed. It is not definitely known how many suffered from confidence In this belief, -but the number grows with investigation. Mrs. Watt Allen reports that her premises were entered and that she discovered the thief and chased him out on the gallery, from which he fell as he attenmpted to jump. She says he was a negro. She chased him out with a gun that was empty. Mr. IBecker was robbed of cuff buttons and a hat. Mr. J. E. Glisson was robbed of $7 in cash taken from his trousers. Mr. Walter Wohrley says the thief secured from him $23, two rings and a gold chain. Dr. B. B. Warren was the heaviest loser, as the following list of things stolen show: -Man's watch with ini tials "B. B. W."; 1 diamond ring, wrist watch belonging to Mise Cecile Warren, signature on back; 1 laval ier set with pearls and diamonds, 1 amethyst pin, 1 cameo ring, 1 bar pin with pearls and amethyst, 3 wish bone pins marked "C. W."; 1 pin set with for-get-me-nots, 1 chain and cross, 1 coral chain, 1 ring set with 3 garnets, 1 ring set. with opal and diamonds, 1 ring set with pearls, 1 hypodermic syringe. Officers have been -working on dhe case but no clue to the thief has yet been obtained. Night Marshal Ed. Jones believes the thief could hays been captured if hounds had been ,placed on the trail immediately. There is no fund for this purpose, the cost of hiring the dogs beirg $100. It might be a good idea to have a citizens' emergency fund for this purpose. The thieves entered the refrigera tor at the Warren b-esidence and made their supper from cheese and other things found there, dining in the kitchen, and afterwards set fruit at the different places of the dinin. room table. Evidently they took their time and were not worried. LIST OF DEAD LETTERS. Following is the list of dead let ters remaining in the Covington post )ffice: Miss Vile Akin, Miss Irene Blunt, Sarah Banks, A. H. Bowling, Mrs. J. Brown, Miss Winifred Brown, Carry Brown, C. Brown, Ben Davis, Miss Joan Houston, Eva Maragany, Dor ville Pierce, Emma Route, Albe:t Richson, Mrs. A. Schully, Mrs. Tem; let, C. A. Windon. JACOB SEILER, Postmaster. --0-- CARD OF THANKS. New Orleans, March 10, 1920. Editor St. Tammany Farmer: Wlil you kindly express for me through the columns of your paper, my sincere thanks to all the gentl men who so gallantly worked and succeeded in saving the remainder of my property. I am very grateful to them. MRS. OHAS. FREDERICK. NOTICE TO CONTRACrORS. Sealed bids or poposals wil 'be re ceived at the office of the Good Roads Commission of St. Tammany Parish at Covington, La., until 12:00 o'clock M., April 3, 1920, for the construction of the following roads: ST. TAMMANY-LAhCOMBE - 8.3 miles of earth road construction. Approximate Quantities. Earth Excavation ..10,947 cu. yds. Earth borrow ...... 2,174 cu. yds. Bridge timbers.....18,308 board ft. MILITARY ROAD--11 miles of earth road construction. Approximate Quagnitles Earth excavation...14,226 ca. yds. Earth borrow........5,548 cui. yds. Bridge timbers.....31,127 board ft. MIDDLE ROAD-by the way of St. Benedict, 7 miles earth road con struction. Approximate Qsentities. Earth excavation. .. 8,433 cu. yds. Earth borrow........5,274 cu. yds Bridge timbers ... 44,706 board ft Proposals must be in the blank forms furnished, and must be with out alterations or enasures and must be in by the hour specified. At the time and place above mentioned, the Good Roads Commission will open bids and publicly read aloud the contents. Bidders or their representatives are invited to be present at the opening of the bids. Alternate bids are invited on the bridge timbers for treated and un treated timber. The treated tim bers to have a 12 pound treatment of a standard creosote oil ILATE SHERIFFST,1AMMANYT Sheriff T. E. Brewster. MEETING OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. At a meeting of the Covington Fire Department Tuesday night, Chief J. Louis Smith stated that there were several conditions which had to do with the Department not performing better at the last fire. The Depart ment bas a motorized system and gas engines play some funny stunte on cold mornings with any one. The gasoline now on the market is poor, testing about 62 per cent. It used to test 76 per cent. This poor gas had been standing in the tanks on the engines about two months, and had further deteriorated. The ba. teries were weak, their composition too having been cheapened of late, though they appeared to be strong. The electric wiring had become in a poor condition. These faults were corrected *before that day was over. Some ether has been placed at tha engine house to start engines when very cold. High test gasoline his been ordered. Mr. R. H. Ferguson suggested equipping engines with "chokers," with new magnetos, and compression oil cups, which suggestions were adopted. He volunteered his ser vices as much as five hours per week to run and inspect engines and al; agreed to become responsible for their condition. This was highly ap preciated. Those present believing in his ability, accepted his offer an elected him chief engineer. It was the sense of the meeting that if the houses which burned has not had their roofs littered with pine straw they would not have caught so quickly, and more of them would have been saved. More houses would have burned had not the chemical worked and had not the bi:; engine gone to working when it did. It was decided to ask the council to enforce their ordiannce forbidding people and vehicles from passing over the hose when it is strung out at a fire, and to urge the installation of a standard waterworks and sewer age system. Matters of Interest to the Farmers of St. Tammany By Parish Agent BACHEMtIN -J - '-·)-· ---b QO-OPERATION IS ESSENTIAL. Hog cholera and charbon among cattle, horses and sometimes sheep, are two of the most contagious dis eases which we have to contend with in this parish, and these diseases have been the chief source of mora losses among livestock than all of the others combined. Every farmer and stockman knows from experi ence, and, in most cases, perosnal ex perience, that there is no cure for either of these, and the only methol of controlling same is by keeping a close watch on your stock and using preventive methods. The serums made and advocated for use to fight these diseases, it must be borne in mind, are preventives and not cura tives. The administering of such serums insures the loss of sto :k against such diseases as they are giv en for, but will be of little value if given when the animal has advanced into the succeeding stages of these diseases to any great ertent. I men tion this because I have often heard "I vaccinated my stock, but the serum was no good." This may be true, but most cases, if investigated further, I firmly believe, would prove that the iparty making such assertion was using a preventive after the dis ease has taken its hold on the herd. The charbon vaccine, used mostly today, the simultaneous method, or Anthrax prophylaxis, is usually ad ministered just as soon as the signs of spring and the beginning of warm weather appear. In anthrax, as in all germ diseases, the spores under prop er weather conditions start incubat ing and the spread soon follows with many outbreaks. Taking into con sideration the various sources of in fections or carriers of the disease, like the buzzard, dogs, etc., feeding on carcases and migrating to other premises. These reasons make it necessary to vaccinate your stock as soon as you can conveniently do so, for an outbreak may make its appear ance most any time after March 15, or probably sooner, and in most any community where there were out breaks last year. Oharbon vaccine does not render immunity to an animal any longer than from the time administered un til the loss of the potency of the viris administered, which comes about during the cold weather, there fore this is the reason why the vac END RSEMENT UNANIMOUS OF GALATAS FOR SHERIFF Sentiment Is Strong That He Deserves Office; Is Fitted For It. PARISH COMMITTEE MEETS MONDAY, 22D. Expected He Will Receive Nomination Without Any Opposition. During Sheriff Brewster's long term of office he has been ably assist ed by his chief deputy, Walter Ga latas. Nothing would probably have given Mr. Brewster greater pleasure than to know that he would be suc ceeded in office by Mr. Galatas. His knowledge of the efficiency of Mr. Galatas caused him to place great trust in him and to feel that during his illness the affairs of the sheriff's office would ,be conducted just as he would require if he were present. Not alone Mr. Brewster, but the public generally have the same feel ing of security and protection in the administration of this office while in charge of Mr. Galatas. It is there fore not remarkable that a strong public sentiment, unanimous, as far as known, should demand that Mr. Galatas 'be made sheriff in fact. Under the law as understood here the Parish Executive Committee has the power to appoint the nominee for sheriff, to be voted on at the coming election Aipril 20th, and this committee will meet next Monday, March 22d, when it is believed Mr. Galatas will be nominated without opposition. There were quite a number of can didates for this office, but when it was learned that Mr. Galatas was being proposed as Mr. Brewster's successor, every one of them very graciously and willingly withdrew their claims. There is a general feeling that the faithful work of Mr. Galatas, at a salary hardly equal to the necessi ties of his famly, deserved to be re warded, and that furthermore hs 'would make a sheriff who could be depended upon in the handling of both criminal and cival matters. Coroner Bulloch has been sworn in by Judge Carter to act as sheriff and Mr. Galatas to act as cihef dep uty under him until Governor ap oints ad interim. This appointee, it is understood, will be Mr. Galatas. It was suggested that the "knock era" do less talking and more help ing, also that people rake last year's pine straw of their houses. cination must be done over every year. Another reason, often used for yearly vaccination, is that a subject is always susceptible to the disease and one attack never renders im munity, if fortunate enough to re cover. Vaccination, on the other hand, is a subcutaneous injection of serum against, and also the in jection of charbon or anthrax spores, bringing about a mild type of the disease in the body of the animal and rendering immunity for that season only. Hog cholera we find absolutely dif ferent in type. This disease can spread and cause great loss at any time during the year, although the outbreaks are greater and last long er during the spring, summer and fall months, the disease being known under two types, generally, chronic where the disease is old in a herd and lasts for some time, and acute where the outbreak is sudden and death is faet. Like cdharbon, the simultaneous treat ment is used in inoculating herds. as this method bears the advantage which charbon does not, that once an animal has cholera it is immune the rest of its life, therefore this treat ment is rendering immunity by giv ing a mild type of the disease. The use of serum alone means a pre ventative from eight to twelve weeks at the most, then the animal is open to infection again. Co-operation is the next step after the use of preventives, and eani tary conditions, by co-operation, ap plied to vaccination work, we mean to have all stock owners in every community get together and see that their livestock are vaccinated before outbreaks occur and to see that their neighbor does this also; to be care ful that no one comes from places that cattle and hogs have been dy ing to open infection to your stock, and to see that all careases are burn ed thoroughly or buried deeply im mediately where they died, rather than be hauled out in the woods or branch for scattering the disease, and to see that your dog stays home and does not make nightly rounds to bring the disease back to you, and to kill every buzzard you find feed ing around the premises or flying low enough to give you good target practice. Remember, there are no laws protecting these scavengers or disease spreaders.