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Polynesian. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu], Hawaii) 1844-1864, June 15, 1844, Image 1

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ii lOilEd IT MJa ILd il In
J. J. JAItVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1814.
NEW SERIES, Vol. 1 No. 4.
IP Smo
For the Polynesian.
Who can forbear to stay tho while,
If woman's voice our time beguile,
- To listen to those sounds so soft
That wake dull echo O how oft!
When care and toil our bosoms vex,
And dangers nigh our paths perplex;
When angry passions rise and boil
And (lash the (ire of strife like oil,
There's naught can calm the troubled breast
Or from our pain can give us rest,
So soon as smiling woman's voice,
The music of our fondest choice.
Say, who in maddest hour of joy,
Ne'er has felt its dear decoy ?
Or who in sickness languid hour,
Ne'er has known its soothing power?
Or if by purling stream we walk
Or if in shady bower we talk
With fair one of our fondest love,
And vow in faith to vie the dove,
'Tis then is breathed the softest sigh,
'Tis then is heard the faint reply,
'Tis then the heart with joyous bound
Owns that there's magic in the sound.
Honolulu, June 10, 1844. Z.
For the Polynesian.
There is extent of country enough of this
description to sustain a large population, and
nothing seems wanting but enterprise and
capital, to secure to the inhabitants not only
comfort, but wealth. The falls in the river
present a serious hindrance to the export of
the productions and commodities of the coun
try; as every thing which passes them has to
be conveyed upon the backs of men. A
canal is considered perfectly feasible, so
soon as the exports shall warrant the ex
pense; and it is thought that a lumber race
could be constructed at no very heavy cost,
through which lumber could be floated to
the head of ship navigation, with perfect ease
and safety.
The wealth of a new country is always a
consideration of great importance, to those
who are looking to that quarter for a perma
nent residence, or the investment of capital.
In this respect, the valley of the Willamette
is considered quite as highly favored as most
new countries. Those who have become ac
climated, regard it as decidedly healthy,
while the new settlers generally regard it as
sickly. Fever and ague prevails, certainly,
to a considerable extent; but the mortality
consequent thereon is by no means alarming,
except among the aborigines, who possess
neither skill nor the means of successfully
treating that disease. And it is a melancholy
fact, connected with the history of these
tribes, .that but a handful of once numerous
tribes now remain, while many of the smaller
tribes or bands, have become entirely ex
tinct. In leaving the Willamette river, we come
to the head quarters of the Hudson's Bay
Company, at Vancouver, which is on the
North side of the river, at a distance of about
eight miles from the upper branch of the
Willamette. At this place is a large estab
lishment, for commercial business, and also
for agricultural purposes. A large farm is
under cultivation here, and yields a large
quantity of produce, consisting of bread
stuffs, vegetables, fruits, etc. Several dai
ries are also connected with Vancouver, and
others have been established in the vicinity
under the same direction. Large herds of
cattle and flocks of sheep are kept in con
nection with the farm. A hospital for the
McR and a thriving school are sustained
here by the company. Ships with full car
goes lie so near the shore, as to discharge
their cargoes from a stage erected from the
ship to the shore. A fine grist mill has been
erected about five miles above Vancouver,
which has produced flour of first rate quality.
Two miles above the grist mill, a saw mill
has long been in operation, from which the
lumber brought to these islands has been ob
tained. A ship of over three hundred tons,
took in her cargo at the mill, but this is not
practicable at the lowest stage of the water,
on account of a bar between the mill and
Vancouver, where the water is not deep
enough to float the vessel.
After leaving Vancouver, there are no
white residents till we come to the Dalls, a
distance of 140 or 150 miles. Here is a sta
tion of the Methodist mission, occupied by
Mr. Perkins, and the Indian population with
in a few miles is quite numerous. At the
Shoots, about ten miles above the residence
of Messrs. Lee and Perkins, salmon are ta
ken in immense quantities, and also in large
numbers at the Dalls themselves. After
leaving the Dalls we meet with the next post
of the Company at Walla Walla, which is
occupied by a single gentleman and his fami
ly, with a few servants. This post is estima
ted to be 300 miles above Vancouver.
At Walla Walla we first enjoyed the luxu
ry of eating horse beef, a standing dish in
that horse abounding country. And although
he who is guilty of such an act, may be con
sidered at least cousin-german to a cannibal,
I can assure you the thing itself is not so bad
as the contemplation of it. But it does take
a little time, and some little effort, to over
come the prejudice naturally arising from
the associaton of devouring a portion of so
noble an animal, and one which is held in
such high esteem by the civilized world.
And I shall not soon forget the effort it cost
me, on the first occasion, to screw my cour
age to the "sticking point," and deliberate
ly attempt to masticate the prodigious quan
tity with which my plate was furnished by
our generous host. But after a few trials,
and swallowing a few morsels without tasting
them, and finding ourselves still in the land
of the living, we made a virtue of necessity,
and bolted the whole allowance; and, not to
five oflencc to our kind host, who kept press-
iug us to take a little more, consented to be
helped a second time to a delicious morsel,
which he temptingly displayed upon his knife
and fork, assuring us at tho same time, that
it wa3 " very fine." Jlnd so it was. The
only ill effects we ever discovered from eat
ing horse-flesh, were, a tendency to corpu
lency, and a somewhat sudden contraction
of our unmentionables !
Ten miles above Walla Walla, the South
branch, or as it is usually called, the Snake
River, unites with the Columbia. It was
some two hundred miles above this junction,
that Lewis and Clark prepared their boats
to descend to the ocean, after crossing the
entire continent on horses. The highest
point of my personal observation, was at the
very spot where they built their boats, of
which event, the Indians retain a lively recol
lection; and they often praise the generosity
of the first white men who passed through
their country.
In speaking of Oregon, as a whole coun
try, no general description will convey a cor
rect idea of its different localities. To de
cribe the lower country, (as the timbered sec
tion of about 200 miles in width on the coast
is usually called, )as fertile, timbered, and
affording facilities for agricultural and kin
dred pursuits, the mistake must not be made
of supposing that the whole country is of like
description. Whilo it is true of a large dis
trict on the coast, it is no less true, that the
upper county is, in one sense, a barren, un
productive region, even to, and beyond the
Rocky mountains. The soil is of a sandy na
ture, and the great heat of summer, together
with the want of rain, renders the whole
country unfit for agricultural pursuits. At
the same time, there are small tracts, on the
streams tributary to the great rivers, of an
alluvial nature, and so situated as to be sus
ceptible of irrigation, that arc very produc
tive; and it is on spots like these that the
missionaries of the A. B. C. F. M. are now
located. But these are exceedingly limited,
and most of them are subject to inundation.
The want of timber is another obstacle to the
settlement of the upper country. Fxcept
upon the rivers, and the mountains, the
country affords neither timber for building,
or even for fuel, and at many points, as at
Walla Walla, the drift wood of the Colum
bia is all the timber they have, for any pur
pose whatever. Thus, it will be seen, that
two indispensable elements are wanting to
render tho tipper country a desirable one for
a dense population; and at the same time
there does not, probably, exist upon the
whole continent, a better grazing country,
than the one just described as a barren, un
productive region. This anomaly is account
ed for by the fact, that the grass, which is of
a peculiar nature, and usually called buffalo
grass, springs up luxuriantly, on the first
opening of spring, when the soil is moistened
by the winter rains and snow, and comes to
maturity by the time the summer heat has ab
sorbed the moisture from the soil. It is thus
quickly dried, and becomes hay, and aflbrds
sufficient sustenance for herds during the
fall and winter. The country of this descrip
tion is of vast extent, and the number of cat
tle, horses and sheep it is capable of sustain
ing, is beyond computation. Some individu
al indians own 1000, and 2000 horses.
The climate ofthe upper country differs
materially from that of the lower. It is dry,
and the atmosphere of a more bracing na
ture. It is decidedly healthy. And while
the thermometer ranges from 103, of Fah
renheit, in the summer, to 10 degrees be
low Zero in winter, still, there is but little
rain, and not usually a very heavy fall of
snow, except upon the high lands.
Lake Superior, Prof. L. in his tour last sum
mer, has found a magnetic force so great as
1. 92, and has also ascertained that the force
is less on the North side of the same Lake
than on the South side. ?
Continuing his researches for five years,
Prof. L. has extended his observations per
sonally over 20 degrees of longitude and 10
degrees of latitude, encountering in these la
bors all ofthe privattons, fatigues, and per
plexities of campaigning through pathless and
savage regions; added to this, it has all been
accomplished at his own expense. At one time
he is seen at Cambridge, Massachusetts, pa
tiently watching the results ofthe most deli
cate experiments; at another, on the prairies
of Iowa; now in the centre of Kentucky; and,
again in the piney forest of Lake Superior,
engaged in the same employment, and yet
how lew of us are aware that any such labor
has been perlormed.
The result of these researches is ready for
publication. Such researches are now being
made by the British Government at its own
expense; it would be worth the time to as
certain what would be the cost of this volun
tary and unpaid labor of one of our citizens.
Cincinnati Gazette.
Macnetical Attraction-. Prof. Locke
has announced to the National Institution the
discovery ofthe pole of greatest magnetical
attraction, so far as known, upon the whole
earth. This pole is situated on a little Island
at Copper Harbor, on the South side ofLake
Superior. The remarkable fact that the pole
of greatest force or the point where the earth
attracts a magnetic needle the most intense
ly, is not situated at the point or pole of di
rection, viz: at the point where the magnetic
meridians meet, nor the point where the dip
ping needle stands perpendicular this was
in general pointed out by Maj. Sabine in his
report to the British Association in 1838.
In this report Maj. Sabine has given charts
representing the magnetic force so far as as
certained, over the earth by which it appears
that the greatest force exists in North Ameri
ca, and that the force increase towards somes
point, as was supposed, on the coast of Hud
son's Bay. Thus a line is drawn through all
points where the force is equal 1. 7. This
lino commencing at Behring Straits, runs
eastward on the parallel of 63 degrees of
North latitude, bends southward, crosses
Newfoundland, includes a small nortion nf th
Atlantic, returns towards the West, meets
trie coast at Cape Hatteras, crosses the Mis
sissippi below St. Louis, and reaehinir th
Pacific bends northwardly and returns nearly
or quue imo itselt at .Hehring Straits.
Within this creat elliosoid thus descrihed.
Maj. Sabine has given a sketch ofthe interior
concentric curve passing through the places
where the intensity is equal to 1. 8., and he
suggests that there may be within it a point
of 1. 9. Now at the place above named, on
The Great Northern. A trial of the
Great Northern steamer, propelled by the
Archimedean screw, was made in the Thames,
under unpropitious weather, and against an
opposing tide, which was considered quite
successful. The report says that "she
screwed her way steadily along, occasioning
hardly any surge, and obviously presenting
a grand subject for wonderment to the crews
of the numerous vessels, working upwards
with the tide. Shortly after starting, the log
gave a speed of nine knots, but as the engine
worked more freely it increased to ten knots.
The Eagle Gravesend steamboat could creep
only very slowly ahead of the Great North
ern, and the London, of Dundee, the . fastest
sea-going steamer which comes into the
Thames, assisted by a fore top-sail and jib,
could barely pass the screw boat, proceeding
as she did without any help from canvass.
Altogether, the success ofthe experiment is
said to have been complete. It was demon
strated beyond doubt that the Great North
ern, which only pretends to use steam as a
secondary power, can easily accomplish ten
miles an hour. She steers also very easily,
and turns in double her own length. Sir ;F.
Collier publicly stated that the speed of the
Great Northern, wtih 700 tons of coal on
board, exceeded the velocity of any steam
vessel in the navy, except the Queen's yacht
and the Black Eagle."
The Mechanic. The beautiful sentence tub
joined is from the "Carpenter of Rouen," a popular
play. ;
'The Mechanic, sir, is one of God's no
blemen. What have mechanics not done?
Have they not opened the secret chambers
ofthe mighty deep, and extracted its trea
sures, and made the raging billow their high
way, on which they ride as on a tame steed?
Are not the elements of fire and water chain
ed to the crank, and at the mechanic's bid
ding compelled to turn it? Have not the
mechanics opened the bowels of the earth,
and made it contribute to his wants? The
forked lightnings is their plaything and they
ride on the wings of the mighty wind. To
the wise they are the floodgates of knowl
edge, and kings and queens are decorated
with their handy works. Ho who made the
universe was a great mechanic." '
Catholic Bishops. Eight new Bishops
have been appointed by the See of Rome for
the United States. The Rev. Dr. Reynolds
nils the place of the late Bishop England.
Rev. Mr. Quarters is Bishop of Chicago:
Rev. Andrew Byrne is Bishop of Arkansas.
Rev. Mr. McCluskey is Coadjutor Bishop of
New York the three last are now of New
York citv. Rev. Wm. Tvler is Bishop of
the new See, Hartford, Conn.; Rev. John
Fitzpatrick, Coadjutor Bishop of Boston.
These gentlemen are of Boston. ' 1 r
An Anecdote. The Knickerbocker relates the
following on the authority of Mr. Robert Tyler: .
"The old negro who receives and ushers
visiters at the President's mansion is always
very precise in his announcements. On one?
occasion a gentleman named Foot, with' ;
daughter on each arm, was shown into the.
drawing room with the introduction, 'Mr,
Foot, and the two JUut Feet!' " ' ' -

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