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"VT" l'lItLlSIIHfi) IVEKKLY, AT HONOLULU, OAHU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. J. J. JAKVES, EoiTon. SATURDAY, JULY G, 1811. NEW SERIES, Vol. 1. No. 7. I IE 2 ip m ap is To 1-hr the Polynesian. TO A LADY. Lady, wlicn thought is abroad on the win?, Ami o'er thee its shadowy mantle doth lliug, And hopes of the future, mid thoughts of the prist, Crowd over thy vision, thick coining and fast Say hath not the wish e'er arisen to thee; To trace the dim outlines of destiny : To read the dark future, the hopes and the fears, Which will bear thee on through the lapse of years ? And has not one doubt like a cloud of night K'cr darkened the picture, where hope was so bright? Oh! would that the future might ever be, A vision of beauty and light to thee; Hut what it may bring thee, oil ! seek not to know, And ask not what measure of bliss or of woe Shall f.dl to thy lot, e'er the summons come To benr thee hence to thy heavenly home, Vet let me but breathe one prayer for thee, 'or seek vainly to scan futurity : J.Iay the guardian care of One above, Watch over thy path with the eyeof iWr, And the blessing of lit in who can never fail, Support thy steps through tlu shadowy vale. From the Friend. NOTE'S On tho Shipping, Trade, Agriculture, Climate, Diseases, Keligious Institutions, 4'ivil ami Social Condition, Mercantile and Financial Policy ofthe Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands, viewed in relation to other groups of islands, and to the natural and acquired advantages of the Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands, lif Kobf.iit Cntcirrox Wyli.ie, Esquire. 0. CVsTOM-HOUSK, UNDER THE 1?UIT1SK COM MISSION. 1 have alieady stated that tho duties paid in 1843 were larger linn they had ever beloro boon. This was in some nieisine, but not wholly accounted for, by the one per cent, additional duty charged by tiio llritish Commission, whose administrative function: commenced on the 2.):h of February, and ceased on the 31st of July. Against tint additional duty, 1 Inula protest, duly recorded at the loot of the entry dated 2Uli July, of the bug Delaware, froui Most on. It is in tiio following terms: " I, ,do solemnly protest against Lord (ieorgo l'aulet. and John I'rero, or the Itiitish Commissioners, inconsequence of tho payment, by compulsion, of tne extra-duty of one per cent, laid upon .ill importations by order of said commissioner.', us being contrary to the express laws of the Sandwich hhnd government, and hold them responsible for all damigcs which may accrue to me m consequence thereof.". This protest applies to a duty of 61 cents, mid is form-illy authenticated by his excellency Kekuanaoa, governor of Oahu. I do not find any similar protest appended to any other cntiy, not even to one of the same brig, of the Kiine d ite, comprised of articles in forty-six lines, ot which the total value was only carried out at bottom, rendering it impossible to allix u precise value to any o:ie article. The duties are calculated " ad valorem," upon the principle of adding the charges to 'bo invoice cost I liure givo a practical illustration of this, in the last en try of the brig referred to, i.: Total amount carried out, 3,513 13 Charges. 66 20 Government duties, lir. Comm. ditto, -5,579 S3 53 7!) 223 17 If the government continue to permit, such entries, in mass it will bo impossible to check any underv alua tions ol goods that may be made. 0. Ex ports kor 1 13 It will bo seen by that, part of thu above table tint refers to exports, of native pro duce, that their whole amount lor live and a half ) ears, Iroui 1833 to I7tli Aug. 111, was only c4S 1,30; aver ting yearly ?S7,52.J, against an jeirly average of loiporis of $:jti3,S.)l. I bis would leavo a bilanceof -73,331, on an average, every year, to be provided to.', by specie or bills, or in tsome other way, not very P patent. I have taken some pains to ascertain the quantities w nativo produce exported during the year IS 13. They appear to have been as follows: "4'r, 1.1 43.010 lis.: valued at -1 cts.; 45,Mr) 61,320 galls.; " "20 cts.; I'J.viil uoiases, Kukuioil. 8,620 galls.; 1'ullock hides, lO.tiNi C-o.a skins, 20,800 Anow root, 35,1 10 lbs ; Mus,tard.sced,3y,700 lbs.; " 40 cts.; 3,4 IS ,2 each; 21,372 " 18 cts.; 5,:;il " 4 cts prlb; l,4t3 " 2 1-2 cts.; W2 $91,213 Decrease of population. It appears, therefore, that the productions ol the islands is upon the increase This is a matter ofthe utmost impor-,' taner i to the government, the people, and all foreign '"reliant established here. To improve and extend t.ie agriculture of the country, ought to be the groit 'iu of tho government. It w ill be found to bo the best means of checking the lamentable decrease in the native papulation, of attracting und employing foreign settlors, of extending commerre, and of augmenting the revenue. Hut, little good will bo done, until the gov ernment enact new laws regulating the tenure of laud, "ml encouraging all industiious inhabitants, whether " jUvo or loreign, to lay the waste land, -which every wlieni abounds, under proper cultivation. This is nearly tho interest of lie king nnd chief; for their present policy of retaining the land in their own light, and of granting only abort leases, will depopulate tho H uids in a few years It may ulso beromo d ingerons "o persist in it, with u people every day becoming more rnli,'htened, knowing more wants, and desiring mote twnforts. , S- NECESSITY FOR INCREASE or POPULATION. Hie more ise in th ponuhtion of tho islands must go " nd in hand with the dov elopment oft heir agricultural 'csources For these islands cannot at present caleu into much upon foreign markets for tho consumption 4 their surplus produce-. In F.urope, Ash, Ais'ral ttsri, North America, Chili. I'eru, LVmdor, Nowtiicn n' tentrnl America and lei o, they will bo under sold by eimihr produce from other countries, or from oino of theso countries themselves The only foreign rnyket that the Sandwich Islands, so far as I can J'Wge, can reasonably count upon, are the settlements on Columbia Kivcr, Knmscatka, Sitka on the N. W. toast, and pcih.ip California while the Mexican gov ernment does not extend their prohibitive system to that department. The stream : of population which h now directing itself, by hundreds and by thousands, into the Oregon lemtory, is likely to establish the largest and the best market for the produce ofthe .Sandwich Islands, which again w ill consume t lie lumber, salmon, Hour, pro duced m that territory. In this commerce, Messrs. lolly & Allan, agents for the Hudson's Hay eo., tiro extensively engaged, and the Americans are likely to participate largely in the trade. Its increase will' be commensurate with the increase of the population of Oregon, and of the Sandwich Island:. f). Consumption or conns in the islatvds. 1 be consumption of goods in the Sandwich Islands is not to be measured by tho native population, numeri cally considered. Ilogard must be b id to the loreign population, which is now very considerable, and the rales nl whose consumption is much greater than that ol the i.l-clotbed and joi'-fed natives. ior must we overlook the lloaiing market arising from tho immense fleet of whalers that touch yearlv at these islands du ring the trto seasons of spring and fall. I'.ach of these whalers is supposed to purchase vegetables, beef und other produce of tho islands, to the vearlv amount of V'200, on sin average, and Com 600 to 13,()i)0 dollars in ot her articles bought from the stores. I takothis wido range, oecause some old residents estimate the total consumption ofeach w haler at s-MM), wliile others esti mate if as hign a & 1500. I have been assured that when the Knglisii whalers frequented this port, tho average consumption of each used to bo from X250 to X350. 10. iEPEXDENCE OF THE I SI. A NTS ON WIIA" i.i ns lut, even were the co'isumpt ion mui.h less, it is obvious that the prosperity of these islands has de pended, and dors depend, maini upon the whale ships that annually llock to their ports; many of them coming twice a year. Were the whale lisl.e'ry to fall oil, as seems in some measure to be the case, or weio the vessels engaged in it to nb union these iIands for pome others in this ocean, or for ports on the Main, the Sandwich Islands would relapse into their primitive insignificance. The government seems to be aware of this; for, as I have shown in the notes to rny Table of the 23th March, published in the " Friend" V.f the 1st instil nt , there are exceptions in favor of w halers, both in the duties and port-dues. My only doubt is, wheth er those exceptions have been carried far enough. I incline to the belief that whale-ships should be exempt ed from all port-dues, and that the police regulations toward: sailors ought to be the most liberal that the maintenance of public order will permit. Jl. Visits ok ships of war advantageous. The frequent visits of ships of war tend also greatly to promote the commerce und wealth of the Sandwich Islands. The ollicers of II. H. M. shins Dublin, Haz ard and Modest e, generally prefer Honolulu to any port intlie Facitie excepting Valparaiso. I am told the same partiality exists amongst the American ollicers w bo have visited this port; and as an agent ofthe Uni ted States government has arrived to establish a naval depot here, frequent vi-iis of their tdupsof vvarmay be cxpectcdjiiiidthiswiil be unewsouice of prosperity to these islands. 12. l'ltOBAni.E TRADE WITH FllF.NCH SETTLE MENTS. The French settlements ot tho Marquesas and the Societji I.-lands, are also creating licsh mar kets for the produce ofthe Sandwich Islands. 13. Population and extent of the Sand Islands. What the Sandwich Islandsaie capable of, under good government, is evident fiom tho following table, fiom data in Mr. .lanes' recent interesting work on the Sandwich Islands : o - 2 . tf) S 3 - 'C a-', u.ifi S O 0 1'; - Kc-i J S-5 u ' L w Hawaii. 8S 73 1,000 -Ci.OOu 45,7n2 30,(11 Maui. 4S 30 (120 20,000 :$3,(it;2 21,1!)') I.A.N a I. 17 10 P)0 2,u00 l,(;0i) 1,200 .Molokai. 40 7 1!)0 3,300 1 b',000 b,0C0 Kahoolawe. II H t0 50 1 80 HI (.nu. 43 25 530 20,000 2!,755 27,0.0 Kauai. 22 21 500 jo.ooo iO,.)77 8,).tl iNiiHAU. 20 7 .00 1,0)0 1,0 17 1 !03 2.02 103 !(.0'Ji) 1 1000 i:X3i:!l0s57!) If tho above calculation be correct, the whole popu lation of tho Sandwich J-lands is at present less than 18 to I he square mile; while if the celebrated Fritish navigator Capt. Cook is to be believed, the population m bis day ( 1 778) was nearly to t ho square mile. As his calculation was founded only on the crowds of natives w bom be saw at the ports he visited, and not upon any accurate compulation, it may have been ex aggerated; but the above table shows a decrease of 33,471 in 13 years from 123. From this fact, it may reasonably be inferred, without taking into ac ount the pestilence which raged in 103 and 8()l, during the reign of Tiiinohameha I., and the loss of life arising fiom Ins wars, that tho population has decreased ut least to theextent of 200,000 sinco 177S. It appears fiom the above table that the decrease, sinco 1323, has been confined to six of the islands; and, that in the two islands of Molokai and Kahoolawe, there has been an increase of 2,530 sinco that year. This in some measure warrants the hope that the do creaf e is not the necessary elleet of causes permanent and irtemovablo in their nature, but rather of something wrong in the habits, morals, government of tho people or laws atlecting marriages. One of the missionaries, tho Uev. W.l. Alexander, in ISiS, calculated that there wero annually, in the group, t!,s-38 death", and only 3,333 births. Ihavecon versed w ith other w ell-informed missionaries, who all agree in stating that tho yearly deaths still greatly ex ceed the yearly births, and that little more than ono half, if so many, ofthe marriages lead to offspring. As the climate is of surpassing salubrity, and as the means of subsistence are, abundant and easily procured, tho results 1 havo mentioned are the more surprising Most of the missionaries and of the medical men at tached to the mission, particularly Dr. Chnpin, have ascribed them to tho almost universal prevalence and uncontrolled progress of a disease siid to have been introduced by the first whito men who visited the Is lands. Thero no doubt has been, and I fear still to a gicat extent exists a canso, in the laxity of native mor als, whv that disease should bo propagated with unu sual univers ilify, and that very cause will add to the elleet of the disease in preventing ollspring; but the out ward appearance of fat and health, more general here amongst tho natives, than amongst tho indim tribes of Mexico, or any other country in South Ameri ca, is Opposed to tho belief of such an inward rottcnes as could render the race unprolific, without the inlluonce of other causes, II. 1'olicy ofthe government. What these other eau.-cs are, it behoves the (Jovernment carefully to investigate, with the view of applying a prompt and eflicieut remedy. The primary concern of every ( Jov ernment js to secure the existence and promotethe in crease of their people. It is satisfactory to find that the (Government ot king Kamehaincha III. has not neglect ed thisduty in their recent legislation, haws have been enacted to discourage idleness and laziness, to extend agriculture, and apply to each soil tho peculiar culti vation to which it is best adapted. lint agriculture is a practical science: it is not to bo taught by" precept, but by example; and it would be expecting too much from the natives to suppose that they iu carry into elleet the improvements recommended by the government, without the e.vMiiple of foreign agriculturists, and with out the aid of foreign capital. To obtain these advan tages, new laws regulating the tenure of land are re quired, haws have also beenenacted, abating the tax es and labour days for the king and landlord, accord ing to t ho number of children, or of old, w eak and inlirm persons which every man has to support. These ex emptions certainly do hold out inducements to mar riage, and lor parents to take care of their children; but I hoy have not yet been suliiciently long in operation to produce any visible elleet in ftajing the great evil of ucpopulation. 15. Food cheap and a nux pant Under fa vorable circumstances, the population ought to in crease here more rapidly than in almost anv other part of the world. A native, in the counfrv, can support himsoif in health and vigor at an expense of little more fh in a cent per day. The stail'of life amongst the na tives is the ttiro or halo root Arum Kneulentum) pre pared in the form of paste, and eaten cither alone or with dried fish It is a wholes., me food and highly nutri tious. It i. cultivated on sloping grounds, where relie li ed by l.e.pieni show crs ; but t he best is I hat w Inch grows wliollj immersed excepting only the large green leaves. In an interesting pa per on the resources of these islands, from ti e pen ofWillnm hold, Fsquire, published in the Hawaiian Spectator, under date 30th January 138, it is. stated that 10 feet square of land planted with taro will supnort a m m for a v ear; and that one mile square so cultivated, would feed 13,151 individuals, while not tnoiothan one twenty-fifth of that number would be required to cultivate it. Mr. Ladd still upholds the correctness of his (-nictitations, but i,oro aro ,. erswho admit i.'s truth only as applied to the very best lands and the first yearof their cultivation. It appears that taro very soon exhausts the land, and that to en sure an equal crop tho ground must be frequently changed. Nevertheless, it is not to bo denied that a given extent of land cultivated i'or taro, will produce a far greater quantity of food for man than if cultivated for any other plant. This would be a great advantage in a country over-populated, but in these islands, whore population is the meat w: nt,it may be doubted wheth er the ficihty of feeding themselves on taro does not obstruct other modes of cultivation, more laborious, but also more promotive of industry Thus, I am not sure that the very cheapness of living here, which ought to augment the population, has not an opposite elleet through the habits of indolence which it perpetuates. lfi. Chief productions of the Islands. The Islands produce maiz, v. heat, rice, potatoes, yams, ba nanas, in row-root, beans, peas, melons, pumpkins, cabbages, onions, radish.es, lettuce, grapes, pino-ap-pies, papayas, oranges, lemons, figs, straw-berries, gooseberries, cucumbers, olives, tomatoes, cbiremoy as, sugar, cotiee, mustard-seed, c otton, indigo, silk, hemp, cocoa, tobacco, ginger, turmeric, kukui-iiuts, and cat tle ol all kinds; so that they ailord a wide range of pro ducts for the reward of native industry; but 1 repeat, foreign example and capital are wanting to stimulate and direct that industry. 17. Epidemic diseases, &c. Whilo the means of sub.-istenco are most abundant in the Sandwich Isl ands, the diseases to which the natives are subjec t arc fev and simple. After consulting two able papers, published by Dr. J odd and Dr. Cliapin, I may state that the chief diseases are asthma, croup, cutaneous eruptions, apoplexy, diarrhea, djscutery, catarrhs, whotipiiig-cough.clroiisy, ll-vers, ophthalmia, inlluena, mthm ilory and rheumatic ailments, scrofula, syphi lis, ulcers, teething and oiherinfantilo complaints'. In valuable manuscript pa per of Dr. HookoV;, to which I have hud ac ess, he adds puerperal fever, as very ( om iiion and very fital. F.seepting that dise-iso, apoplexy, croup and dropsy, the others aie stated to be generally mild, yielding easily to proper care and medical treat ment, (no comforts, however, which the natives can not easily procure in their present condition. Dr Clia pin considers that most of. the diseases to which tho natives are subject arise from cold, bad houses und bad cloihing. The means of preventing the operation of these causes are to be sought fir only in tne dilliision of w ealth, created by general industry', for which there are superabundant elements. 18. Diseases of seamen, kc.l have taken f-onio .pains to ascertain the diseases common amongst foreign seamen who visit this port, and the facilities which exist for their care. The follow ing letter;-., from Doctors Wood, liiiiikiMiiiil UiliFon, will bo read with interest by all biends of seafaring men. I have person ally visited the houses where tho mc; American and British sailors are now accommodated, and 1 fully con cur with H. cse gentlemen in thinking that a regular hospital for seamen h much warded in this place. I think it would be tho policy as well as the interest of the government to grant a site for the erection of hos pitals, in some favorable Munition. Supposing on ly an average of 20 sick seamen in hospital, every year, thcirsupport and medical attendance, nt the rate of a dollar a .day, would amount to 7,300 , early, of which tho country w ould receive the lull benefit. JSe sides, the native assistants employed would acquire knowledge and experience, titling them to bo useful among their ow n c ountry men. Dr. Wood's remarks upon the diseases of American teamen, and the waut of an hot pit ul for seamen. .... , ''Honolulu, May 11th, I8H. My dear sir, In the enclosed list of cases of disa bled seamen, those only are included, which have been ch irgable to tho United States consulate, established at tbeso islands "No record Ins been kept of the cases of seamen not destitute, or for whose support provision Ins been made by the masters ot vessels from w Inch they were discharged. The number of this class does not much exceed lint ofthe cae described as destitute. "In the classification of tho diseases of tho above mentioned list of sick and destituto seamen, no account has been made of cases of sickness incurred by them during their residence in this port. " .No record has been made ofthe termination of the above list of cases, excepting tho deaths; nor has this been deemed a matter of much interest us ue-irly all, with the exception of a fow cases of incurable diseases, have recovered and re-shipped, or been sent home. "In thoso cases classed under the head of accidental injuriei'ito w hich whalemen nro specially exposed) arc included fractures, dislocations, ruptures, wounds, contusions or injuries of important viscera. " I'ndcr the head of mercurial rheumatism arc class ed those cases in which the rheumatic affection appear ed to have been induced by the injudicious administra tion of mercurial remedies during exposures incidental to, or but little heeded, by pailors. "There is no public hospital or infirmary (properly so called) nt Honolulu; no suitable buildings having been erected w ith special reference to the accommoda tion of the sick. Jluildings have been rented for the reception of sick and disabled American seamen, where they are provided with board, lodging, washing, nurs ing and medical attendance, at an expense to the U. States gov eminent of about one dollar per day. And althougn the accommodations arc the best which tho townot Honolulu at present ailbrds, there are few ports where a well regulated hospital would contribute more to the relief of disabled seamen. "The want of such an establishment is in part com rensated for by the salubrity unci uniform temperature ofthe climate; and to this circumstance may be attrib uted the recovery of as large a proportion of cases as appear in the reports of well-conducted infirmaries in other countries. " With the rcspRctful regards of . " Your friend nnd ob't serv't, "(Signed.) K. W.Wood. " II. C. Wyllic, Fsq., Honolulu." Table of the number of ndmissions into the hospital for sick and destitute American Beamcn, at Honolulu, from April 1st, S3,to April 1st, 1 44, condensed from the table furnished bv Dr. II. W. Wood: years. .5 J .3 "2 2 5 Q JM0, year ending 31st March, 40 24 3 111, 46 47 1 142, " " 35 29 1 143, " 43 61 1M4, " " " " 100 65 5 2(i( 216 10 Of these, there were 38 cases of injury by accident; 36 cases of mercurial rheumatism; 31 of common rheu matism; 2(i of secondary syphilis; 16 of phthisis pulmo u.ilis; 1 1 of scurvy ; 10 of chronic dysentery; 10 of stric ture; 10ol 'fistula; 8 of bronchitis; 8 of chronic gastritis; 7 of hepatitis; 7 of pericarditis; 7 of scrofulutOof hy drocele of fever; 4 of lumbago; 4 of paraplegia; 4 of ophthalmia; 4 of insanity; 3 of chronic enteritis; 2 of hemiplegia; 2 of nephritis; 2 of dropsy; 1 of epilepsy; 1 of cere britis; 1 ol cataract; 1 of thoracic aneurism; 1 of lumbar abscess and 1 of cystitis. Dr. Kooke's remarks on the diseases of British tea vien, and suggestions for the erection of an hospital for British seamen, in Honolulu: " Honolulu, May 13th, 1844. " Sir, Tn reply to your enquiries respecting the pro vision inado for fick and distressed Hritish seamen and others of her Majesty's subjects not being seamen, du ring the fifteen years past, I beg leave to forward you the lbllowing statement, which though short, I hope will convey the necessary information. " l'revious to the year 1S33, or thereabouts, the sick and distressed Uritisfi subjects and seamen were board ed by such ditlercut individuals as could be found to un dertake the care of them sometimes in the hovels of natives, and sometimes in those of foreigners. At or about this period, their board was contracted for by un Knglishuian keeping a public house, with whom they were placed until IS 10. During this time, their abode was miserable in the extreme; although as good as could be procured; the hovel they were lodged in being scarcely more than shelter from the rays of the sun but really, hardly any from the rain or wind, without any conveniences or comforts necessary for invalids, except such us were supplied by the medical attend ant and charged to the lintish government as medical comforts. Those who recollect the squalid tilth of tho abode they then inhabited, can only wonder that cures were ever cflectcd oajiealth regained in such a place. " On my return to practice in 1841, niter an absence of two years, from il! health, tho sick and distressed Knglish seamen were placed under the care ofthe per son who now victuals them. Although thoir situation from this time was much improved to what it was du ring the previous eleven yours, still much remains fobe amended. From this time (Apr. 1841) they have been lodged in a t hate lied building, perfectly ervious to the winds so much so, that in cases requiring particular attention, they have to seek the shelter of an old gar ment or mat, bung up against tho side of the house, to ward off t he dam)) wind, during the inclement season. It is also situated m the same enclosure with a common grog-shop, in tho most noisy purt of the town; subject to the noisy nnd often dangerous intrusion of drunken sailors, with all the concomitant evils and disturbance to the patients; mixed also with casual boarders from dilieient ships, who coino and go almost daily, render ing it almost impossible to kcepsccure tho beading and other elleet s belonging to government. In respect to their diet, they are well nnd amply provided. Soap, washing, nursing, nnd other incidental expenses, are provided as medical comforts, when the cases urgent ly inquire them. The accompanying list of admissions with medical treatment, will fIiovv tho nature of tho cares w hich have occurred during tho lust 37 months. "There have been 77 iwn subsisted during the last 37 months, for 7120 days: giving an average of nearly !52 nnda biilfdaysforcaciiinan. l'revious to July 1842, the c harge for subsistence was 43 cents each man per cliern; but this not being found adequate, it was increas ed to 50 cents per diem, which is tho rate now paid. " The average expense of each man to the govern ment, for medicine, board, lodging, clothing, funeral expenses. &c fcc., may be obtained by reference to the odici il documents in Wr Sea's possession. " During the last f'f'een years, I have represented on different occasions the evils arising from the manner in which the men were lodged, statingthftt asaving might bo made by having a proper building erected, for the abode ofthe sick, nnd under the charge of the medical attendant. 1 have also offered to be at one half the expense of fucIi building, provided I might have the priv ilege of Vsing the vacant beds for others than dis tressed Ihitish subjects. " I have the honor to be, sir, " Your most ob't servant, "J Chas.Dyde Rooks. "ToRobt. C. Wyllie, FaV The admissions to medical enre above referred to, during the 37 months ending 30th April 1844, were 71; oftheso, S were cases of casualties; 7 of ulcere; S of dysentcrh; 5 of dyspepsia; 5 of syphilis; 4 of fracture; 4 of pneumonia; 4 or rheumatism; 3 of hernia; 3ofhy drarthus; 3 of stricture urethra", 2of cynanche; 1 of ab scpssus; 1 of arthritis; I of cystitis; lof febris intermit tens; 1 of ga-f ritis; 1 of lia moptisis; 1 of hepatitis cum abscosau; l of inuisusccptio; 1 of mania; 1 of ophthah mil : I ofperiostitis; 1 of phthisis; 1 of diseased prostate; 1 of diseased rectum; 1 of tabes; 1 of poison; 1 of vul nus; and 1 of cancer pylori Of these, the case of cancer pylori, that of hepatltM turn abscc .ai, and that of phthisis, ended fatally.