OCR Interpretation

Polynesian. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu], Hawaii) 1844-1864, July 06, 1844, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015408/1844-07-06/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

J. J. JAKVES, EoiTon.
NEW SERIES, Vol. 1. No. 7.
ip m ap is To
1-hr the Polynesian.
Lady, wlicn thought is abroad on the win?,
Ami o'er thee its shadowy mantle doth lliug,
And hopes of the future, mid thoughts of the prist,
Crowd over thy vision, thick coining and fast
Say hath not the wish e'er arisen to thee;
To trace the dim outlines of destiny :
To read the dark future, the hopes and the fears,
Which will bear thee on through the lapse of years ?
And has not one doubt like a cloud of night
K'cr darkened the picture, where hope was so bright?
Oh! would that the future might ever be,
A vision of beauty and light to thee;
Hut what it may bring thee, oil ! seek not to know,
And ask not what measure of bliss or of woe
Shall f.dl to thy lot, e'er the summons come
To benr thee hence to thy heavenly home,
Vet let me but breathe one prayer for thee,
'or seek vainly to scan futurity :
J.Iay the guardian care of One above,
Watch over thy path with the eyeof iWr,
And the blessing of lit in who can never fail,
Support thy steps through tlu shadowy vale.
From the Friend.
On tho Shipping, Trade, Agriculture, Climate,
Diseases, Keligious Institutions, 4'ivil ami
Social Condition, Mercantile and Financial
Policy ofthe Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands,
viewed in relation to other groups of islands,
and to the natural and acquired advantages
of the Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands, lif
Kobf.iit Cntcirrox Wyli.ie, Esquire.
MISSION. 1 have alieady stated that tho duties paid
in 1843 were larger linn they had ever beloro boon.
This was in some nieisine, but not wholly accounted
for, by the one per cent, additional duty charged by
tiio llritish Commission, whose administrative function:
commenced on the 2.):h of February, and ceased on
the 31st of July. Against tint additional duty, 1 Inula
protest, duly recorded at the loot of the entry dated
2Uli July, of the bug Delaware, froui Most on. It is in
tiio following terms: " I, ,do solemnly protest
against Lord (ieorgo l'aulet. and John I'rero, or the
Itiitish Commissioners, inconsequence of tho payment,
by compulsion, of tne extra-duty of one per cent, laid
upon .ill importations by order of said commissioner.',
us being contrary to the express laws of the Sandwich
hhnd government, and hold them responsible for all
damigcs which may accrue to me m consequence
This protest applies to a duty of 61 cents, mid is
form-illy authenticated by his excellency Kekuanaoa,
governor of Oahu.
I do not find any similar protest appended to any
other cntiy, not even to one of the same brig, of the
Kiine d ite, comprised of articles in forty-six lines, ot
which the total value was only carried out at bottom,
rendering it impossible to allix u precise value to any
o:ie article.
The duties are calculated " ad valorem," upon the
principle of adding the charges to 'bo invoice cost I
liure givo a practical illustration of this, in the last en
try of the brig referred to, i.:
Total amount carried out, 3,513 13
Charges. 66 20
Government duties,
lir. Comm. ditto,
-5,579 S3
53 7!)
223 17
If the government continue to permit, such entries,
in mass it will bo impossible to check any underv alua
tions ol goods that may be made.
0. Ex ports kor 1 13 It will bo seen by that, part
of thu above table tint refers to exports, of native pro
duce, that their whole amount lor live and a half ) ears,
Iroui 1833 to I7tli Aug. 111, was only c4S 1,30; aver
ting yearly ?S7,52.J, against an jeirly average of
loiporis of $:jti3,S.)l. I bis would leavo a bilanceof
-73,331, on an average, every year, to be provided
to.', by specie or bills, or in tsome other way, not very
P patent.
I have taken some pains to ascertain the quantities
w nativo produce exported during the year IS 13. They
appear to have been as follows:
"4'r, 1.1 43.010 lis.: valued at -1 cts.; 45,Mr)
61,320 galls.; " "20 cts.; I'J.viil
Kukuioil. 8,620 galls.;
1'ullock hides, lO.tiNi
C-o.a skins, 20,800
Anow root, 35,1 10 lbs ;
Mus,tard.sced,3y,700 lbs.;
" 40 cts.; 3,4 IS
,2 each; 21,372
" 18 cts.; 5,:;il
" 4 cts prlb; l,4t3
" 2 1-2 cts.; W2
Decrease of population. It appears,
therefore, that the productions ol the islands is upon
the increase This is a matter ofthe utmost impor-,'
taner i to the government, the people, and all foreign
'"reliant established here. To improve and extend
t.ie agriculture of the country, ought to be the groit
'iu of tho government. It w ill be found to bo the
best means of checking the lamentable decrease in the
native papulation, of attracting und employing foreign
settlors, of extending commerre, and of augmenting the
revenue. Hut, little good will bo done, until the gov
ernment enact new laws regulating the tenure of laud,
"ml encouraging all industiious inhabitants, whether
" jUvo or loreign, to lay the waste land, -which every
wlieni abounds, under proper cultivation. This is
nearly tho interest of lie king nnd chief; for their
present policy of retaining the land in their own light,
and of granting only abort leases, will depopulate tho
H uids in a few years It may ulso beromo d ingerons
"o persist in it, with u people every day becoming more
rnli,'htened, knowing more wants, and desiring mote
Hie more ise in th ponuhtion of tho islands must go
" nd in hand with the dov elopment oft heir agricultural
'csources For these islands cannot at present caleu
into much upon foreign markets for tho consumption
4 their surplus produce-. In F.urope, Ash, Ais'ral
ttsri, North America, Chili. I'eru, LVmdor, Nowtiicn
n' tentrnl America and lei o, they will bo under
sold by eimihr produce from other countries, or from
oino of theso countries themselves The only foreign
rnyket that the Sandwich Islands, so far as I can
J'Wge, can reasonably count upon, are the settlements
on Columbia Kivcr, Knmscatka, Sitka on the N. W.
toast, and pcih.ip California while the Mexican gov
ernment does not extend their prohibitive system to
that department.
The stream : of population which h now directing
itself, by hundreds and by thousands, into the Oregon
lemtory, is likely to establish the largest and the best
market for the produce ofthe .Sandwich Islands, which
again w ill consume t lie lumber, salmon, Hour, pro
duced m that territory. In this commerce, Messrs.
lolly & Allan, agents for the Hudson's Hay eo., tiro
extensively engaged, and the Americans are likely to
participate largely in the trade. Its increase will' be
commensurate with the increase of the population of
Oregon, and of the Sandwich Island:.
f). Consumption or conns in the islatvds.
1 be consumption of goods in the Sandwich Islands is
not to be measured by tho native population, numeri
cally considered. Ilogard must be b id to the loreign
population, which is now very considerable, and the
rales nl whose consumption is much greater than that
ol the i.l-clotbed and joi'-fed natives. ior must we
overlook the lloaiing market arising from tho immense
fleet of whalers that touch yearlv at these islands du
ring the trto seasons of spring and fall. I'.ach of these
whalers is supposed to purchase vegetables, beef und
other produce of tho islands, to the vearlv amount of
V'200, on sin average, and Com 600 to 13,()i)0 dollars in
ot her articles bought from the stores. I takothis wido
range, oecause some old residents estimate the total
consumption ofeach w haler at s-MM), wliile others esti
mate if as hign a & 1500. I have been assured that
when the Knglisii whalers frequented this port, tho
average consumption of each used to bo from X250 to
i.i ns lut, even were the co'isumpt ion mui.h less, it
is obvious that the prosperity of these islands has de
pended, and dors depend, maini upon the whale
ships that annually llock to their ports; many of them
coming twice a year. Were the whale lisl.e'ry to fall
oil, as seems in some measure to be the case, or weio
the vessels engaged in it to nb union these iIands for
pome others in this ocean, or for ports on the Main,
the Sandwich Islands would relapse into their primitive
insignificance. The government seems to be aware of
this; for, as I have shown in the notes to rny Table of
the 23th March, published in the " Friend" V.f the 1st
instil nt , there are exceptions in favor of w halers, both
in the duties and port-dues. My only doubt is, wheth
er those exceptions have been carried far enough. I
incline to the belief that whale-ships should be exempt
ed from all port-dues, and that the police regulations
toward: sailors ought to be the most liberal that the
maintenance of public order will permit.
Jl. Visits ok ships of war advantageous.
The frequent visits of ships of war tend also greatly to
promote the commerce und wealth of the Sandwich
Islands. The ollicers of II. H. M. shins Dublin, Haz
ard and Modest e, generally prefer Honolulu to any
port intlie Facitie excepting Valparaiso. I am told the
same partiality exists amongst the American ollicers
w bo have visited this port; and as an agent ofthe Uni
ted States government has arrived to establish a naval
depot here, frequent vi-iis of their tdupsof vvarmay be
cxpectcdjiiiidthiswiil be unewsouice of prosperity to
these islands.
MENTS. The French settlements ot tho Marquesas
and the Societji I.-lands, are also creating licsh mar
kets for the produce ofthe Sandwich Islands.
13. Population and extent of the Sand
Islands. What the Sandwich Islandsaie capable of,
under good government, is evident fiom tho following
table, fiom data in Mr. .lanes' recent interesting work
on the Sandwich Islands :
o - 2 .
tf) S 3 - 'C a-', u.ifi
S O 0 1'; - Kc-i
J S-5 u ' L w
Hawaii. 8S 73 1,000 -Ci.OOu 45,7n2 30,(11
Maui. 4S 30 (120 20,000 :$3,(it;2 21,1!)')
I.A.N a I. 17 10 P)0 2,u00 l,(;0i) 1,200
.Molokai. 40 7 1!)0 3,300 1 b',000 b,0C0
Kahoolawe. II H t0 50 1 80 HI
(.nu. 43 25 530 20,000 2!,755 27,0.0
Kauai. 22 21 500 jo.ooo iO,.)77 8,).tl
iNiiHAU. 20 7 .00 1,0)0 1,0 17 1 !03
2.02 103 !(.0'Ji) 1 1000 i:X3i:!l0s57!)
If tho above calculation be correct, the whole popu
lation of tho Sandwich J-lands is at present less than
18 to I he square mile; while if the celebrated Fritish
navigator Capt. Cook is to be believed, the population
m bis day ( 1 778) was nearly to t ho square mile.
As his calculation was founded only on the crowds
of natives w bom be saw at the ports he visited, and not
upon any accurate compulation, it may have been ex
aggerated; but the above table shows a decrease of
33,471 in 13 years from 123. From this fact, it may
reasonably be inferred, without taking into ac ount the
pestilence which raged in 103 and 8()l, during the
reign of Tiiinohameha I., and the loss of life arising
fiom Ins wars, that tho population has decreased ut
least to theextent of 200,000 sinco 177S.
It appears fiom the above table that the decrease,
sinco 1323, has been confined to six of the islands; and,
that in the two islands of Molokai and Kahoolawe,
there has been an increase of 2,530 sinco that year.
This in some measure warrants the hope that the do
creaf e is not the necessary elleet of causes permanent
and irtemovablo in their nature, but rather of something
wrong in the habits, morals, government of tho people
or laws atlecting marriages.
One of the missionaries, tho Uev. W.l. Alexander,
in ISiS, calculated that there wero annually, in the
group, t!,s-38 death", and only 3,333 births. Ihavecon
versed w ith other w ell-informed missionaries, who all
agree in stating that tho yearly deaths still greatly ex
ceed the yearly births, and that little more than ono
half, if so many, ofthe marriages lead to offspring.
As the climate is of surpassing salubrity, and as the
means of subsistence are, abundant and easily procured,
tho results 1 havo mentioned are the more surprising
Most of the missionaries and of the medical men at
tached to the mission, particularly Dr. Chnpin, have
ascribed them to tho almost universal prevalence and
uncontrolled progress of a disease siid to have been
introduced by the first whito men who visited the Is
lands. Thero no doubt has been, and I fear still to a
gicat extent exists a canso, in the laxity of native mor
als, whv that disease should bo propagated with unu
sual univers ilify, and that very cause will add to the
elleet of the disease in preventing ollspring; but the
out ward appearance of fat and health, more general
here amongst tho natives, than amongst tho indim
tribes of Mexico, or any other country in South Ameri
ca, is Opposed to tho belief of such an inward rottcnes
as could render the race unprolific, without the inlluonce
of other causes,
II. 1'olicy ofthe government. What these
other eau.-cs are, it behoves the (Jovernment carefully
to investigate, with the view of applying a prompt and
eflicieut remedy. The primary concern of every ( Jov
ernment js to secure the existence and promotethe in
crease of their people. It is satisfactory to find that the
(Government ot king Kamehaincha III. has not neglect
ed thisduty in their recent legislation, haws have been
enacted to discourage idleness and laziness, to extend
agriculture, and apply to each soil tho peculiar culti
vation to which it is best adapted. lint agriculture is a
practical science: it is not to bo taught by" precept, but
by example; and it would be expecting too much from
the natives to suppose that they iu carry into elleet
the improvements recommended by the government,
without the e.vMiiple of foreign agriculturists, and with
out the aid of foreign capital. To obtain these advan
tages, new laws regulating the tenure of land are re
quired, haws have also beenenacted, abating the tax
es and labour days for the king and landlord, accord
ing to t ho number of children, or of old, w eak and inlirm
persons which every man has to support. These ex
emptions certainly do hold out inducements to mar
riage, and lor parents to take care of their children; but
I hoy have not yet been suliiciently long in operation to
produce any visible elleet in ftajing the great evil of
15. Food cheap and a nux pant Under fa
vorable circumstances, the population ought to in
crease here more rapidly than in almost anv other part
of the world. A native, in the counfrv, can support
himsoif in health and vigor at an expense of little more
fh in a cent per day. The stail'of life amongst the na
tives is the ttiro or halo root Arum Kneulentum) pre
pared in the form of paste, and eaten cither alone or
with dried fish It is a wholes., me food and highly nutri
tious. It i. cultivated on sloping grounds, where relie li
ed by l.e.pieni show crs ; but t he best is I hat w Inch grows
wliollj immersed excepting only the large green leaves.
In an interesting pa per on the resources of these islands,
from ti e pen ofWillnm hold, Fsquire, published in
the Hawaiian Spectator, under date 30th January
138, it is. stated that 10 feet square of land planted with
taro will supnort a m m for a v ear; and that one mile
square so cultivated, would feed 13,151 individuals,
while not tnoiothan one twenty-fifth of that number
would be required to cultivate it. Mr. Ladd still upholds
the correctness of his (-nictitations, but i,oro aro ,.
erswho admit i.'s truth only as applied to the very best
lands and the first yearof their cultivation. It appears
that taro very soon exhausts the land, and that to en
sure an equal crop tho ground must be frequently
changed. Nevertheless, it is not to bo denied that a
given extent of land cultivated i'or taro, will produce a
far greater quantity of food for man than if cultivated
for any other plant. This would be a great advantage
in a country over-populated, but in these islands, whore
population is the meat w: nt,it may be doubted wheth
er the ficihty of feeding themselves on taro does not
obstruct other modes of cultivation, more laborious,
but also more promotive of industry Thus, I am not
sure that the very cheapness of living here, which ought
to augment the population, has not an opposite elleet
through the habits of indolence which it perpetuates.
lfi. Chief productions of the Islands. The
Islands produce maiz, v. heat, rice, potatoes, yams, ba
nanas, in row-root, beans, peas, melons, pumpkins,
cabbages, onions, radish.es, lettuce, grapes, pino-ap-pies,
papayas, oranges, lemons, figs, straw-berries,
gooseberries, cucumbers, olives, tomatoes, cbiremoy as,
sugar, cotiee, mustard-seed, c otton, indigo, silk, hemp,
cocoa, tobacco, ginger, turmeric, kukui-iiuts, and cat
tle ol all kinds; so that they ailord a wide range of pro
ducts for the reward of native industry; but 1 repeat,
foreign example and capital are wanting to stimulate
and direct that industry.
17. Epidemic diseases, &c. Whilo the means
of sub.-istenco are most abundant in the Sandwich Isl
ands, the diseases to which the natives are subjec t arc
fev and simple. After consulting two able papers,
published by Dr. J odd and Dr. Cliapin, I may state
that the chief diseases are asthma, croup, cutaneous
eruptions, apoplexy, diarrhea, djscutery, catarrhs,
whotipiiig-cough.clroiisy, ll-vers, ophthalmia, inlluena,
mthm ilory and rheumatic ailments, scrofula, syphi
lis, ulcers, teething and oiherinfantilo complaints'. In
valuable manuscript pa per of Dr. HookoV;, to which I
have hud ac ess, he adds puerperal fever, as very ( om
iiion and very fital. F.seepting that dise-iso, apoplexy,
croup and dropsy, the others aie stated to be generally
mild, yielding easily to proper care and medical treat
ment, (no comforts, however, which the natives can
not easily procure in their present condition. Dr Clia
pin considers that most of. the diseases to which tho
natives are subject arise from cold, bad houses und bad
cloihing. The means of preventing the operation of
these causes are to be sought fir only in tne dilliision
of w ealth, created by general industry', for which there
are superabundant elements.
18. Diseases of seamen, kc.l have taken
f-onio .pains to ascertain the diseases common amongst
foreign seamen who visit this port, and the facilities
which exist for their care. The follow ing letter;-., from
Doctors Wood, liiiiikiMiiiil UiliFon, will bo read with
interest by all biends of seafaring men. I have person
ally visited the houses where tho mc; American and
British sailors are now accommodated, and 1 fully con
cur with H. cse gentlemen in thinking that a regular
hospital for seamen h much warded in this place. I
think it would be tho policy as well as the interest of
the government to grant a site for the erection of hos
pitals, in some favorable Munition. Supposing on
ly an average of 20 sick seamen in hospital, every
year, thcirsupport and medical attendance, nt the rate
of a dollar a .day, would amount to 7,300 , early, of
which tho country w ould receive the lull benefit. JSe
sides, the native assistants employed would acquire
knowledge and experience, titling them to bo useful
among their ow n c ountry men.
Dr. Wood's remarks upon the diseases of American
teamen, and the waut of an hot pit ul for seamen.
.... , ''Honolulu, May 11th, I8H.
My dear sir, In the enclosed list of cases of disa
bled seamen, those only are included, which have been
ch irgable to tho United States consulate, established
at tbeso islands
"No record Ins been kept of the cases of seamen
not destitute, or for whose support provision Ins been
made by the masters ot vessels from w Inch they were
discharged. The number of this class does not much
exceed lint ofthe cae described as destitute.
"In the classification of tho diseases of tho above
mentioned list of sick and destituto seamen, no account
has been made of cases of sickness incurred by them
during their residence in this port.
" .No record has been made ofthe termination of the
above list of cases, excepting tho deaths; nor has this
been deemed a matter of much interest us ue-irly all,
with the exception of a fow cases of incurable diseases,
have recovered and re-shipped, or been sent home.
"In thoso cases classed under the head of accidental
injuriei'ito w hich whalemen nro specially exposed)
arc included fractures, dislocations, ruptures, wounds,
contusions or injuries of important viscera.
" I'ndcr the head of mercurial rheumatism arc class
ed those cases in which the rheumatic affection appear
ed to have been induced by the injudicious administra
tion of mercurial remedies during exposures incidental
to, or but little heeded, by pailors.
"There is no public hospital or infirmary (properly
so called) nt Honolulu; no suitable buildings having
been erected w ith special reference to the accommoda
tion of the sick. Jluildings have been rented for the
reception of sick and disabled American seamen, where
they are provided with board, lodging, washing, nurs
ing and medical attendance, at an expense to the U.
States gov eminent of about one dollar per day. And
althougn the accommodations arc the best which tho
townot Honolulu at present ailbrds, there are few ports
where a well regulated hospital would contribute more
to the relief of disabled seamen.
"The want of such an establishment is in part com
rensated for by the salubrity unci uniform temperature
ofthe climate; and to this circumstance may be attrib
uted the recovery of as large a proportion of cases as
appear in the reports of well-conducted infirmaries in
other countries.
" With the rcspRctful regards of
. " Your friend nnd ob't serv't,
"(Signed.) K. W.Wood.
" II. C. Wyllic, Fsq., Honolulu."
Table of the number of ndmissions into the hospital
for sick and destitute American Beamcn, at Honolulu,
from April 1st, S3,to April 1st, 1 44, condensed from
the table furnished bv Dr. II. W. Wood:
years. .5 J .3
"2 2
5 Q
JM0, year ending 31st March, 40 24 3
111, 46 47 1
142, " " 35 29 1
143, " 43 61
1M4, " " " " 100 65 5
2(i( 216 10
Of these, there were 38 cases of injury by accident;
36 cases of mercurial rheumatism; 31 of common rheu
matism; 2(i of secondary syphilis; 16 of phthisis pulmo
u.ilis; 1 1 of scurvy ; 10 of chronic dysentery; 10 of stric
ture; 10ol 'fistula; 8 of bronchitis; 8 of chronic gastritis;
7 of hepatitis; 7 of pericarditis; 7 of scrofulutOof hy
drocele of fever; 4 of lumbago; 4 of paraplegia; 4 of
ophthalmia; 4 of insanity; 3 of chronic enteritis; 2 of
hemiplegia; 2 of nephritis; 2 of dropsy; 1 of epilepsy;
1 of cere britis; 1 ol cataract; 1 of thoracic aneurism;
1 of lumbar abscess and 1 of cystitis.
Dr. Kooke's remarks on the diseases of British tea
vien, and suggestions for the erection of an hospital
for British seamen, in Honolulu:
" Honolulu, May 13th, 1844.
" Sir, Tn reply to your enquiries respecting the pro
vision inado for fick and distressed Hritish seamen and
others of her Majesty's subjects not being seamen, du
ring the fifteen years past, I beg leave to forward you
the lbllowing statement, which though short, I hope
will convey the necessary information.
" l'revious to the year 1S33, or thereabouts, the sick
and distressed Uritisfi subjects and seamen were board
ed by such ditlercut individuals as could be found to un
dertake the care of them sometimes in the hovels of
natives, and sometimes in those of foreigners. At or
about this period, their board was contracted for by un
Knglishuian keeping a public house, with whom they
were placed until IS 10. During this time, their abode
was miserable in the extreme; although as good as
could be procured; the hovel they were lodged in being
scarcely more than shelter from the rays of the sun
but really, hardly any from the rain or wind, without
any conveniences or comforts necessary for invalids,
except such us were supplied by the medical attend
ant and charged to the lintish government as medical
comforts. Those who recollect the squalid tilth of tho
abode they then inhabited, can only wonder that cures
were ever cflectcd oajiealth regained in such a place.
" On my return to practice in 1841, niter an absence
of two years, from il! health, tho sick and distressed
Knglish seamen were placed under the care ofthe per
son who now victuals them. Although thoir situation
from this time was much improved to what it was du
ring the previous eleven yours, still much remains fobe
amended. From this time (Apr. 1841) they have been
lodged in a t hate lied building, perfectly ervious to the
winds so much so, that in cases requiring particular
attention, they have to seek the shelter of an old gar
ment or mat, bung up against tho side of the house, to
ward off t he dam)) wind, during the inclement season.
It is also situated m the same enclosure with a common
grog-shop, in tho most noisy purt of the town; subject
to the noisy nnd often dangerous intrusion of drunken
sailors, with all the concomitant evils and disturbance
to the patients; mixed also with casual boarders from
dilieient ships, who coino and go almost daily, render
ing it almost impossible to kcepsccure tho beading and
other elleet s belonging to government. In respect to
their diet, they are well nnd amply provided. Soap,
washing, nursing, nnd other incidental expenses, are
provided as medical comforts, when the cases urgent
ly inquire them. The accompanying list of admissions
with medical treatment, will fIiovv tho nature of tho
cares w hich have occurred during tho lust 37 months.
"There have been 77 iwn subsisted during the last
37 months, for 7120 days: giving an average of nearly
!52 nnda biilfdaysforcaciiinan. l'revious to July 1842,
the c harge for subsistence was 43 cents each man per
cliern; but this not being found adequate, it was increas
ed to 50 cents per diem, which is tho rate now paid.
" The average expense of each man to the govern
ment, for medicine, board, lodging, clothing, funeral
expenses. &c fcc., may be obtained by reference to the
odici il documents in Wr Sea's possession.
" During the last f'f'een years, I have represented on
different occasions the evils arising from the manner in
which the men were lodged, statingthftt asaving might
bo made by having a proper building erected, for the
abode ofthe sick, nnd under the charge of the medical
attendant. 1 have also offered to be at one half the
expense of fucIi building, provided I might have the
priv ilege of Vsing the vacant beds for others than dis
tressed Ihitish subjects.
" I have the honor to be, sir,
" Your most ob't servant,
"J Chas.Dyde Rooks.
"ToRobt. C. Wyllie, FaV
The admissions to medical enre above referred to,
during the 37 months ending 30th April 1844, were 71;
oftheso, S were cases of casualties; 7 of ulcere; S of
dysentcrh; 5 of dyspepsia; 5 of syphilis; 4 of fracture;
4 of pneumonia; 4 or rheumatism; 3 of hernia; 3ofhy
drarthus; 3 of stricture urethra", 2of cynanche; 1 of ab
scpssus; 1 of arthritis; I of cystitis; lof febris intermit
tens; 1 of ga-f ritis; 1 of lia moptisis; 1 of hepatitis cum
abscosau; l of inuisusccptio; 1 of mania; 1 of ophthah
mil : I ofperiostitis; 1 of phthisis; 1 of diseased prostate;
1 of diseased rectum; 1 of tabes; 1 of poison; 1 of vul
nus; and 1 of cancer pylori
Of these, the case of cancer pylori, that of hepatltM
turn abscc .ai, and that of phthisis, ended fatally.

xml | txt