Newspaper Page Text
T H K I'OL Y N ESIAN, July, ' All these' said she to tho keener. 1 had a mother, who looked upon their childhood, and blessed their innocence! Ah, how many in fant feet softer than velvet to the touch, have been pressed to maternal lips, that now shuf fle along these prison aisles!' There spoke the mother: and with her gentle words of pity, we take our leave of the State's prison and its unhappy inmates.'7 THE POLYNESIAN. OFFICIAL JOURSAL OF THE HAWAItAS " -" ' GO VERSMEST. HONOLULU, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1844. TO THE PUBLIC. We are called upon to announce to our patrons that the Polynesian Press has been purchased, by order of his Majesty, for the use of the Government. This was effected in order that the Government might have the means of printing it3 laws, when in future enacted by the Legislature, and the variety of blanks necessary for the use of the differ ent departments which will be organized by legislative action, so as to give them more method, and their transactions more uni formity. The Polynesian, too, which follows the ownership of the Press, will be, at once an authentic organ to the public, of the views and opinions of His Majesty's Govern ment, on all those subjects which appear in the columns headed " by authority," and will enable the Government transactions to go to Europe and America, and there an nounce the policy of His Majesty's Govern ment, so that the world can judge for itself of its capability to conduct its relations with Foreign nations. Also, in this way, persons wishing to emigrate hither, and become nat uralized, or wishing to come here for tem porary residence, will have such authentic information in regard to the advantages of fered by the Hawaiian Government, as not to be taken by surprise when they arrive. The Press will be conducted on the most liberal principles. Nothing invidious against other nations, or slanderous to the charac ters of the living, or the memory of the dead, will find admission into its columns, but the most respectful deference to all, shall char acterise its editorial department, so long as the Government, or its members, are treated with like courtesy; and when otherwise, such refutation of gross charges, if any are made, shall be given as the nature of the case requires. We trust that much information of a for eign and domestic nature, will be, from time to time, furnished to our readers, which will enhance the value of the Polynesian. Treat ies will be published in its columns, whenever made with other Powers, or new modelled, and expositions of their objects, and true meaning, will be as often given. Diplomatic correspondence, also, interesting to the pub lic, will find a place, whenever the Govern ment deem it expedient and proper to give such correspondence publicity. Proceedings of the Legislature, when in session; decisions of the Supreme Court, and, as much as practicable, the local adjudications of the courts of the respective Islands: also, ap pointments, and Official laws, notices, and miscellaneous news. ' Besides which, the columns of the Gov ernment organ will be open to tho private communication of all persons residing in His Majesty's dominions, which if not levelled invidiously and directly against the Govern ment, or any of its principal functionaries, will be admitted, and answered justly. Any objections respectfully urged against the political measures of tho Government, will not, on that account, be considered inad missable, or be repelled, but any such com munications will receive insertion, and if just will be admitted to be so, and if other wise their fallacy pointed out. Strict impar tiality shall be observed towards the citizens and subjects of all nations, none shall have a preference. As the Laws are intended to uniform, and their execution impartial, so shall be tho criticisms or encomiums, bestow- ed through the public voice. - We confidently hope, therefore, that the public patronage will be rather increased than diminished, by reason of this change in the character of the Polynesian, and that all well disposed persons will contribute of their means in enabling the Government to sup port the paper, as well by subscribing liber ally for it, as by advertising in its columns, all which will in future go to the public Treasury, for the purpose of defraying, in part, its expenses. We publish, in connec tion with this notice, a circular from the Treasury Board, announcing the future rates of charge for advertising, and also for job work, done at the Government press, to which we respectfully invite the attention of the public. We cannot close this article without re turning our individual thanks, as Editor of the Polynesian under its former private ex istence, for the generous patronage bestowed upon us. And now that the character of the paper has become altered, we arc authorized to say to our late subscribers and patroifs, that the Government, in taking upon itself the ownership of this establishment, will not expect to retain as subscribers and patrons, any whose names are on the late list who may desire to withdraw on that account, while it trusts that few, if any, will see fit to do so, or to have occasion to regret the change. Any subscribers, however, who wish to withdraw within a reasonable time, can signify their intention at the office, and their advanced subscriptions will be refun ded. In regard to miscellaneous matter, tho Pol ynesian will be governed by its former rules, and the Editor respectfully invites communi cations of a literary, scientific, or general character. On Sunday last we noticed a handbill pos ted about the streets, which we think calls for strong animadversion. It was of a libel lous nature, and calculated to disturb the peace of the community by a threat of per sonal violence. Moreover it was anonymous, which renders it the more difficult to detect the author. Without entering at all into the merits of the case involved, we consider this species of anonymous writing, to be highly detrimental to society. Who can feel safe if the reckless and unprincipled can in this manner with impunity assail reputation. It is a species of moral assassination originat ing from a revengful and grovelling disposi tion. The tree exudes its bad humors, and allows only the healthy sap to ascend. Soci ety is bound to cast forth that which is cor rupting. But to do this, it is not to follow the example pointed out by the anonymous author. The law gives redress. All friends to order will feel it duo to themselves and to the reputation of the place, that justice should be meeted to the violator of public decorum. Our town has acquired with strangers an un enviable notoriety. Private feuds and differ ences have been made subject of public con versation, which has resulted in keeping so ciety in a state of feverish excitement. Such a state of things should not exist. A few ex amples of conviction and punishment will strengthen the bonds of good order, and will intimidate the unbridled in tongue and sear ed in conscience. The materials exist for giving a higher and more healthy tone to so ciety, one which shall bo moral and intel lectual, refined and dignified ; and we are confident that in our rapidly increasing cir cles, there are but few if any who do not see the necessity of a strong and united effort to effect this moral purification. Correction. By our own carelessness, wo made ourselves to say in the article in our last on wages, "12$ cents per diem, paid in cash," it should have read "6 cents per diem, equivalent to cash." But while the abominable curs are allowed to increase and multiply, and fill the midnight hours with their outrageous chorus of yells, howls, barks squeaks and every other manner of vo ciferation peculiar to the canine race, no ed itor at least can expect long to retain his sen ses. The trials of the day can bo borne ; biped assailants can be coaxed, flattered, reasoned and fought off, but reason, gun powder, stones, or arsenic seem all alike to be thrown away upon the quadrupeds. Now good, kind, gentle, obliging dog-owners, if dogs ye must keep, for the love ye bear to sound nights' rest, to suffering ears, muzzle them, strangle them, at all events do some thing to keep them quiet. Bethel Church. This building is again open for divine worship. It has been cnlar sed and otherwise improved. Novel Punishment. On Saturday last the Governor sent a company of prisoners through the streets escorted by a file of sol diers and attended by a crier, who called the attention of the populace, by asking of them if the conduct of the prisoners had been right. It appears that they had been appre hended for knocking out their teeth, tatooing themselves, and indulging in other practises of heathenism and the Gov. took this method of exposing their shame to their fellow coun trymen, a punishment that will be quite as efficacious, we doubt not, as bodily chastisement. Fourth of July Accident. An acci dent lucky we and a fourth of July one really that reads as if wc were still in the land of Yankcedom. But to the accident. A friend of ours had his arm badly burnt by a blue-light while engaged in illuminating in honor of the day, and it gives us the great est satisfaction to state, that there is every prospect of the arm being in a condition to burn or bo burnt again long before anoth er 4th. comes round again. Mysterious Disappearance. On the af ternoon of the 4th., a young American was seen going down toward the sea-side. The last that was observed of him was near even ing ; he was near one of the wharves. Since then he has not been found. Visitors to the crater of Kilauca will be gratified to learn, that an enterprising Ha waiian has erected on the brink of the crater a comfortable thatched house. He also pro vides food ; and in other ways, has added much to the comforts and convenience of travellers. He deserves to bo well patronised. Officers of H. B. M. ship Thalia. The following is a list of tho officers of this ship, now lying in our harbor: Captain Charles Hope. 1st Lieutenant Montague Thomas. 22 " James Thurnburn. 3 " F. B. C. Seymour. " Roger Lucius Curtis. W. T. Turner. Master Henry Paul. Chaplain Iiev. John Moody. Surgeon Richard Douglas. Purser Walter Clatworthy. Naval Instructor.-F. S. Ncedham. Lieutenants Royal Marines A. D. L. Farrant; John Elliott. Mates Thomas Cochran; B. E. Hawk; Couch. 2rf Master Edward Youel. Midshipmen . Cochrane; E. Alger; Charles Gibbons; Henry Christian; P Rob inson. Captain's Clerks John Wilson; G. A. Anderson. On the 12th the Thalia exchanged salutes with the fort. The Thalia lies at the outer anchorage. Admiral Thomas has given orders that for the present, no British war-ships shall enter the harbor of Papeite, which is the reason the frigate Thalia did not come to anchor there. We also understand that the Thalia sails for Valparaiso in a few days. We learn that the Tahitians are encamped 2,000 strong, not far from Papeitc, and threaten to re-comincnce hostilities if the French pass their boundary. Rate of postage via Mexico. Single letter, 60 cents; double do. not more than oz. 75 cents; double do. f oz. $1,00; packages per oz. $1,25. It has been charged upon Com. J. Toup Nicholas, of H. B. M. Ship Vindictive, that he had advised Queen Pomarc to adopt in the Royal Standard, the Crown of England, and that this was done through a desire to offer an insult to France. The Commodore vin dicates himself fully from the charge in a let ter to Admiral Du Petit Thouars, and re fers to Com. Levand, Capt.Malet, St. George and others, for testimony to his uniform cour tesy towards officers of the French Navy. The following letter, announcing on the part of Pomarc, the change in her flag, to the Provincial Government of Tahiti, was sent them about March 1st. ult. : copy. " Her Majesty, the Queen Pomare, con sidering that in accordance with the usages of all Monarchical States, the particular and personal flag of the Sovereign should bear a mark of distinction to shew the difference between it and the national flag of the coun try, whereby to know when the sovereign is present. The Queen hereby signifies to the Provisional Government, that henceforward whenever Her Majesty may be in person either on shore or afloat, that her flag will bear a crown similar to that in the seal of her arms, which will signify that the Queen is then and there present. (Signed) Pomare, Queen of Tahiti." This emblem consisted of a small Crown, or Coronet, with five cocoa-nut leaves. CATALOGUE OF WORKS WHICH RELATE TO, OR TREAT OF, THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. This catalogue will be found incomplete especially in works published on the conti tent of Europe but it is the best to be de rived from the sources at our disposal. HISTORICAL. iristory of the Sandwich Island Mission. By Rev. Sheldon Dibble. 12mo. New York 1830. ' History of the American Board of Foreign Missions. 8vo. Worcester, 1840. Rev. S. Tracy. History of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Isl ands. By James J. Jarves. 8vo Boston Tappan &. Dcnnct with plates and maps lO'iCt. English Editon of same work. London Edward Moxon 1843. History of the North West Coast of Ameri ca. By Robert Greenhow. 8vo. Wilv &. Putnam New York. 1840. Ka Mooolelo, Hawaii, Lahainaluna, 1838. History of Polynesia. By Right Rev. M. Russell. 1vol., 12mo. Edinburgh-J. Har per and Brothers New York, 1843. History of the Sandwich Islands. By Shel don Dibble, Lahainaluna ; Pres. of the Mis sion Seminary, 1843. The Sandwich Islands. Progress of E vents since their discovery by Capt. Cook ; Their Occupation by Lord George Paulet ; Their Value and importance by Alexander Simpson, Esq,. 8vo pamphlet. London, Smith, Elder ;&.Co. 1843. VOYAGES. Anson's Voyage around the HorW. Lon don, 1748. Third Voyage of Capt. James Cook, 3 vols. 4to plates Admiralty edition. London, 1785. Portlock's and Dixon's Voyage, 1785 to 17881 vol. quarto; London, 1789. Vancouver's Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, and round the World 1790 1795 3vols.4to London, 1798.' Broughton's Voyage of Discovery in the Drdau-1795-1798. London4to-18aL Capt. John Meare's Voyages -1787 1788 8vo. London, 1790. Manuscript Journal of the Voyage of the Brig Hope of Boston, commanded by Joseph Ingraham from 1790 to 1793; preserved in the Library of the Department of State at Washington. ' Account of a Voyage in the Pacifu, tnade in 1793 and 1794, by Capt. James ' Colmtt, London, ito. ' ' " ' Voyage dt'La reroute' au tour d Mondt.