T H K I'OL Y N ESIAN,
' All these' said she to tho keener. 1 had a
mother, who looked upon their childhood, and
blessed their innocence! Ah, how many in
fant feet softer than velvet to the touch, have
been pressed to maternal lips, that now shuf
fle along these prison aisles!' There spoke
the mother: and with her gentle words of
pity, we take our leave of the State's prison
and its unhappy inmates.'7
OFFICIAL JOURSAL OF THE HAWAItAS
" -" ' GO VERSMEST.
HONOLULU, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1844.
TO THE PUBLIC.
We are called upon to announce to our
patrons that the Polynesian Press has been
purchased, by order of his Majesty, for the
use of the Government. This was effected
in order that the Government might have the
means of printing it3 laws, when in future
enacted by the Legislature, and the variety
of blanks necessary for the use of the differ
ent departments which will be organized by
legislative action, so as to give them more
method, and their transactions more uni
formity. The Polynesian, too, which follows
the ownership of the Press, will be, at once
an authentic organ to the public, of the
views and opinions of His Majesty's Govern
ment, on all those subjects which appear in
the columns headed " by authority," and
will enable the Government transactions to
go to Europe and America, and there an
nounce the policy of His Majesty's Govern
ment, so that the world can judge for itself
of its capability to conduct its relations with
Foreign nations. Also, in this way, persons
wishing to emigrate hither, and become nat
uralized, or wishing to come here for tem
porary residence, will have such authentic
information in regard to the advantages of
fered by the Hawaiian Government, as not
to be taken by surprise when they arrive.
The Press will be conducted on the most
liberal principles. Nothing invidious against
other nations, or slanderous to the charac
ters of the living, or the memory of the dead,
will find admission into its columns, but the
most respectful deference to all, shall char
acterise its editorial department, so long as
the Government, or its members, are treated
with like courtesy; and when otherwise,
such refutation of gross charges, if any are
made, shall be given as the nature of the
We trust that much information of a for
eign and domestic nature, will be, from time
to time, furnished to our readers, which will
enhance the value of the Polynesian. Treat
ies will be published in its columns, whenever
made with other Powers, or new modelled,
and expositions of their objects, and true
meaning, will be as often given. Diplomatic
correspondence, also, interesting to the pub
lic, will find a place, whenever the Govern
ment deem it expedient and proper to give
such correspondence publicity. Proceedings
of the Legislature, when in session; decisions
of the Supreme Court, and, as much as
practicable, the local adjudications of the
courts of the respective Islands: also, ap
pointments, and Official laws, notices, and
miscellaneous news. '
Besides which, the columns of the Gov
ernment organ will be open to tho private
communication of all persons residing in His
Majesty's dominions, which if not levelled
invidiously and directly against the Govern
ment, or any of its principal functionaries,
will be admitted, and answered justly. Any
objections respectfully urged against the
political measures of tho Government, will
not, on that account, be considered inad
missable, or be repelled, but any such com
munications will receive insertion, and if
just will be admitted to be so, and if other
wise their fallacy pointed out. Strict impar
tiality shall be observed towards the citizens
and subjects of all nations, none shall have
a preference. As the Laws are intended to
uniform, and their execution impartial, so
shall be tho criticisms or encomiums, bestow-
ed through the public voice.
- We confidently hope, therefore, that the
public patronage will be rather increased
than diminished, by reason of this change in
the character of the Polynesian, and that all
well disposed persons will contribute of their
means in enabling the Government to sup
port the paper, as well by subscribing liber
ally for it, as by advertising in its columns,
all which will in future go to the public
Treasury, for the purpose of defraying, in
part, its expenses. We publish, in connec
tion with this notice, a circular from the
Treasury Board, announcing the future rates
of charge for advertising, and also for job
work, done at the Government press, to
which we respectfully invite the attention
of the public.
We cannot close this article without re
turning our individual thanks, as Editor of
the Polynesian under its former private ex
istence, for the generous patronage bestowed
upon us. And now that the character of the
paper has become altered, we arc authorized
to say to our late subscribers and patroifs,
that the Government, in taking upon itself
the ownership of this establishment, will not
expect to retain as subscribers and patrons,
any whose names are on the late list who
may desire to withdraw on that account,
while it trusts that few, if any, will see fit to
do so, or to have occasion to regret the
change. Any subscribers, however, who
wish to withdraw within a reasonable time,
can signify their intention at the office, and
their advanced subscriptions will be refun
ded. In regard to miscellaneous matter, tho Pol
ynesian will be governed by its former rules,
and the Editor respectfully invites communi
cations of a literary, scientific, or general
On Sunday last we noticed a handbill pos
ted about the streets, which we think calls
for strong animadversion. It was of a libel
lous nature, and calculated to disturb the
peace of the community by a threat of per
sonal violence. Moreover it was anonymous,
which renders it the more difficult to detect
the author. Without entering at all into the
merits of the case involved, we consider this
species of anonymous writing, to be highly
detrimental to society. Who can feel safe
if the reckless and unprincipled can in this
manner with impunity assail reputation. It
is a species of moral assassination originat
ing from a revengful and grovelling disposi
tion. The tree exudes its bad humors, and
allows only the healthy sap to ascend. Soci
ety is bound to cast forth that which is cor
rupting. But to do this, it is not to follow
the example pointed out by the anonymous
author. The law gives redress. All friends
to order will feel it duo to themselves and to
the reputation of the place, that justice should
be meeted to the violator of public decorum.
Our town has acquired with strangers an un
enviable notoriety. Private feuds and differ
ences have been made subject of public con
versation, which has resulted in keeping so
ciety in a state of feverish excitement. Such
a state of things should not exist. A few ex
amples of conviction and punishment will
strengthen the bonds of good order, and will
intimidate the unbridled in tongue and sear
ed in conscience. The materials exist for
giving a higher and more healthy tone to so
ciety, one which shall bo moral and intel
lectual, refined and dignified ; and we are
confident that in our rapidly increasing cir
cles, there are but few if any who do not see
the necessity of a strong and united effort to
effect this moral purification.
Correction. By our own carelessness,
wo made ourselves to say in the article in
our last on wages, "12$ cents per diem,
paid in cash," it should have read "6 cents
per diem, equivalent to cash." But while
the abominable curs are allowed to increase
and multiply, and fill the midnight hours with
their outrageous chorus of yells, howls,
barks squeaks and every other manner of vo
ciferation peculiar to the canine race, no ed
itor at least can expect long to retain his sen
ses. The trials of the day can bo borne ;
biped assailants can be coaxed, flattered,
reasoned and fought off, but reason, gun
powder, stones, or arsenic seem all alike to
be thrown away upon the quadrupeds. Now
good, kind, gentle, obliging dog-owners, if
dogs ye must keep, for the love ye bear to
sound nights' rest, to suffering ears, muzzle
them, strangle them, at all events do some
thing to keep them quiet.
Bethel Church. This building is again
open for divine worship. It has been cnlar
sed and otherwise improved.
Novel Punishment. On Saturday last
the Governor sent a company of prisoners
through the streets escorted by a file of sol
diers and attended by a crier, who called the
attention of the populace, by asking of them
if the conduct of the prisoners had been
right. It appears that they had been appre
hended for knocking out their teeth, tatooing
themselves, and indulging in other practises
of heathenism and the Gov. took this method
of exposing their shame to their fellow coun
trymen, a punishment that will be quite as
efficacious, we doubt not, as bodily chastisement.
Fourth of July Accident. An acci
dent lucky we and a fourth of July one
really that reads as if wc were still in the land
of Yankcedom. But to the accident. A
friend of ours had his arm badly burnt by a
blue-light while engaged in illuminating in
honor of the day, and it gives us the great
est satisfaction to state, that there is every
prospect of the arm being in a condition to
burn or bo burnt again long before anoth
er 4th. comes round again.
Mysterious Disappearance. On the af
ternoon of the 4th., a young American was
seen going down toward the sea-side. The
last that was observed of him was near even
ing ; he was near one of the wharves.
Since then he has not been found.
Visitors to the crater of Kilauca will be
gratified to learn, that an enterprising Ha
waiian has erected on the brink of the crater
a comfortable thatched house. He also pro
vides food ; and in other ways, has added
much to the comforts and convenience of
travellers. He deserves to bo well patronised.
Officers of H. B. M. ship Thalia.
The following is a list of tho officers of this
ship, now lying in our harbor:
Captain Charles Hope.
1st Lieutenant Montague Thomas.
22 " James Thurnburn.
3 " F. B. C. Seymour.
" Roger Lucius Curtis.
W. T. Turner.
Master Henry Paul.
Chaplain Iiev. John Moody.
Surgeon Richard Douglas.
Purser Walter Clatworthy.
Naval Instructor.-F. S. Ncedham.
Lieutenants Royal Marines A. D. L.
Farrant; John Elliott.
Mates Thomas Cochran; B. E. Hawk;
2rf Master Edward Youel.
Midshipmen . Cochrane; E. Alger;
Charles Gibbons; Henry Christian; P Rob
inson. Captain's Clerks John Wilson; G. A.
On the 12th the Thalia exchanged salutes
with the fort. The Thalia lies at the outer
Admiral Thomas has given orders that for
the present, no British war-ships shall enter
the harbor of Papeite, which is the reason
the frigate Thalia did not come to anchor
there. We also understand that the Thalia
sails for Valparaiso in a few days.
We learn that the Tahitians are encamped
2,000 strong, not far from Papeitc, and
threaten to re-comincnce hostilities if the
French pass their boundary.
Rate of postage via Mexico. Single
letter, 60 cents; double do. not more than
oz. 75 cents; double do. f oz. $1,00;
packages per oz. $1,25.
It has been charged upon Com. J. Toup
Nicholas, of H. B. M. Ship Vindictive, that he
had advised Queen Pomarc to adopt in the
Royal Standard, the Crown of England, and
that this was done through a desire to offer
an insult to France. The Commodore vin
dicates himself fully from the charge in a let
ter to Admiral Du Petit Thouars, and re
fers to Com. Levand, Capt.Malet, St. George
and others, for testimony to his uniform cour
tesy towards officers of the French Navy.
The following letter, announcing on the part
of Pomarc, the change in her flag, to the
Provincial Government of Tahiti, was sent
them about March 1st. ult. :
" Her Majesty, the Queen Pomare, con
sidering that in accordance with the usages
of all Monarchical States, the particular and
personal flag of the Sovereign should bear a
mark of distinction to shew the difference
between it and the national flag of the coun
try, whereby to know when the sovereign is
present. The Queen hereby signifies to the
Provisional Government, that henceforward
whenever Her Majesty may be in person
either on shore or afloat, that her flag will
bear a crown similar to that in the seal of her
arms, which will signify that the Queen
is then and there present.
(Signed) Pomare, Queen of Tahiti."
This emblem consisted of a small Crown,
or Coronet, with five cocoa-nut leaves.
CATALOGUE OF WORKS
WHICH RELATE TO, OR TREAT OF,
THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
This catalogue will be found incomplete
especially in works published on the conti
tent of Europe but it is the best to be de
rived from the sources at our disposal.
iristory of the Sandwich Island Mission.
By Rev. Sheldon Dibble. 12mo. New York
History of the American Board of Foreign
Missions. 8vo. Worcester, 1840. Rev. S.
History of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Isl
ands. By James J. Jarves. 8vo Boston
Tappan &. Dcnnct with plates and maps
English Editon of same work. London
Edward Moxon 1843.
History of the North West Coast of Ameri
ca. By Robert Greenhow. 8vo. Wilv &.
Putnam New York. 1840.
Ka Mooolelo, Hawaii, Lahainaluna, 1838.
History of Polynesia. By Right Rev. M.
Russell. 1vol., 12mo. Edinburgh-J. Har
per and Brothers New York, 1843.
History of the Sandwich Islands. By Shel
don Dibble, Lahainaluna ; Pres. of the Mis
sion Seminary, 1843.
The Sandwich Islands. Progress of E
vents since their discovery by Capt. Cook ;
Their Occupation by Lord George Paulet ;
Their Value and importance by Alexander
Simpson, Esq,. 8vo pamphlet. London,
Smith, Elder ;&.Co. 1843.
Anson's Voyage around the HorW. Lon
Third Voyage of Capt. James Cook, 3 vols.
4to plates Admiralty edition. London,
Portlock's and Dixon's Voyage, 1785 to
17881 vol. quarto; London, 1789.
Vancouver's Voyage of Discovery to the
North Pacific Ocean, and round the World
1790 1795 3vols.4to London, 1798.'
Broughton's Voyage of Discovery in the
Capt. John Meare's Voyages -1787 1788
8vo. London, 1790.
Manuscript Journal of the Voyage of the
Brig Hope of Boston, commanded by Joseph
Ingraham from 1790 to 1793; preserved in
the Library of the Department of State at
Account of a Voyage in the Pacifu, tnade in
1793 and 1794, by Capt. James ' Colmtt,
London, ito. ' ' " '
Voyage dt'La reroute' au tour d Mondt.
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