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I: r I. . I !
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT IIOOLILU, OAIIIJ, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
J. J. JAHVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1811.
NEW SERIES, Vol. 1 No. 9.
THE MARRIED DAUGHTER.
We miss thee, love, when twilight draws
Her nhadowy vale o'nr earth;
When all our happy children meet,
To blend their tones of mirth,
And many a joyous spirits flings.
Its music on the air;
Ah, then our sweetest, best beloved,
Thy voice is wanting there.
And when we speak of thee, a cloud
Comes over every brow;
We think of all thou wert to us
And feel so lonely now.
The treasured memories of the past
Our hearts still linger oe'r,
And every day and every hour
We miss thee more and more.
The harp that to thy fairy touch
Its thrilling music poured,
Ii silent now, as if the power
Had (led from each full chord;
As if the night breeze wandering by
Draw forth a faint, low tone,
Tears tremble in thy mother's eye
Wept for the absent one.
Well thou art happy, and wc too
Must poon be reconciled,
Although 'tis very hard to give
Away our darling child.
But he is worthy of thy love
Who claims thee for his own
And dearest he will cherish thee
When we to rest have gone.
ORDER IN COUNCIL
HIS HAWAIIAN MAJESTY,
A CODE OF ETIQUETTE:
JUNE 29th, 1 8 4 4 .
Attorney General's Office, )
Honolulu, June 24, 1844. )
TO THE KING'S MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY:
Sire, Having had the honor to bo requi
red by your Majesty's Secretary of State lor
Foreign Affairs, to report upon the Rules of
precedence and etiquette which ought to be
observed at your Majesty's Court, so as to be
guided by the usages of all nations in this
respect, i have the honor to report, that his
tory attests the fact, that until the congress
of Vienna, 1814 and 1815, it was considered
of great importance that Foreign Ministers
should be assigned their places at court ac
cording to the rank of their respective cre
dentials, commencing with Ministers Pleni
potentiary and so descending to the degrees
of Commissioners and Charge's des Affairs.
Want of regard for this species of etiquette
frequently created jealousies, and sometimes
wars, between the sovereigns of Europe, as
it was construed to be a direct affront, and
was sometimes so intended.
The Congress of Vienna convened in 1814,
and contained delegates from the eight prin
cipal Powers of Europe, Austria, Great Brit
ain, France, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Rus
sia, and Prussia, who, among other arrange
ments saw lit to terminate by mutual agree
ment, the dissension about precedence, These
Powers unanimously agreed to the following
articles on that subject:
Art. 1. Diplomatic Agents are divided
into three classes, 1. Ambassadors, Le
gates, or Nunuios. L2. Envoys, Ministers
and others Agents accredited by the Sov
ereigns. 3. Charges d'Affairs accredited by
the department of Foreign Relations.
Art. 2. Ambassadors, Legates, or Nun
cios, are alone invested with a representative
Art. 3. Diplomatic Agents sent , on a
mission extraordinary, are not entitled, on
this account, to a superior rank.
Art. 4. Diplomatic Agents, of the re
spective classes, take rank according to the
date of the official notice of their arrival.
jno representatives of the Pope arc not af
fected by this article.
Art. 5. Each State shall determine upon
an uniform modo of receiving diplomatic
agcnts of the different classes.
Art. 6. Neither relationship, nor family,
0r political alliances between courts, confer
rank upon their Agents.
Art. 7. The order in which the signa
ges of Ministers shall be placed in Acta or
Ireaties between several powers, that allow
olthe alternative, shall be determined by
lot. . , 1
This being stipulated by eencral conven
tion, has become the Law of Nations in re
gard to the order and rank of Foreign En
voys throughout the courts of Europe and
America. Your Majesty upon now estab
lishing for the first time an order of Etiquette
to be observed at your court, will best avoid
dissension among the Foreign Representa
tives, and prevent the appearance of invidi
ous distinction, by adopting the above uni
form rules, which govern other civilized na
tions. From it may be deduced the power of dis
tinguishing among the nations as to place,
but not among ministers. A Minister Plen
ipotentiary from one nation, by the above
rules should not be more or less highly dist
inguished than a Minister Plenipotentiary
from another nation: so also with Commis
sioners, Charges, Consuls-(Jrncral, and
Consuls. These classes should be treated
with equal consideration, without favoritism
to the nations they represent.
Rut, as on occasions of state whether of
general audience, or of festival it is impos-
sibio tney should all occupy the same place
at the same time, it will be fully within the
true purview of the articles of Vienna to as
sign to that Power having a ininisterof the
highest rank the first place, and to the Pow
er represented by the next rank the next
place, and so on, according to the dignity by
which the respective reciprocal powers
choose to be represented at your Majesty's
Court, whenever it happens that there is not
an equality of representation.
But when it happens that all or several of
the Powers are represented by Ministers of
equal diplomatic name and rank, itis in ac
cordance with the above rules, to give such
precedence according to the dates of the
presentation of their credentials. '
At the present time, the United States of
America is represented by a Diplomatic
Commissioner in the nature of a Charge;
Great Britain, by a Consul-General; and
France, by a local Consul, who, by the
laws of France has Diplomatic powers and
dignity in the absence of any minister of a
higher grade. This is the order in which,
by the Rules of Vienna, they ought to stand
at your Majesty's Court.
It is also the order which ought to be as
signed to them for two other reasons:
1. Because the United State3 of America
first recognized publicly, and by an Act of
Congress, 19th Dec. 1842, the sovereignty
and independence of your Majesty's King
dom; Great Britain, on the first of April,
1843; and France next recognized publicly,
by her joint guarantee with Great Britain,
dated the 8th November, 1843.
L2. Because the American Commissioner
first presented his credentials on the 30th of
October, 1843. The Consul General oflier
Britannic Ma jesty next on the 10th of Feb
ruary, 1844 ; and the Consul of France
could not officially know the independence
until after the joint guarantee, so as to be
considered as diplomatically accredited until
' So that the reasons all seem to concur at
present for assigning to the three powers in
reciprocity with your Majesty the following
1. The United States of America.
2. Great Britain.
And this will, I trust, prove to these sev
eral friendly powers that your Majesty, in
assigning them places, holds them all alike
in equal consideration and amity at your
Court; and that you arc not disposed to de
part from the flth article of Vienna by rea
son of having received greater marks of
friendship from onp than from another.
I have the honor to be, Sire,
Your Majesty's most obedient,
Attorney General II. . M.
TO THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS RESIDING NEAR
TUB COURT OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS:
We, the King and Premier, anxious to con
form ourselves, as far as possible, to the
ceremonies observed at tho courts of other
independent and sovereign powers, to testify
our recognition of the binding force of pub
lic conventional usages, and to manifest our
equal consideration for all friendly nations,
do ordain the following code of etiquette :
Article 1. The articles of the arrange
ment of Vienna 1814 and 1815 between the
European Powers, are hereby adonted and
considered in force, as the basis of court et
iquette in the Hawaiian Islands.
Art. 2. When different friendly powers
arc represented at this court by Diplomatic
Agents of different rank and degree, the na
tion represented by the highest rank 6hall
have precedence at all public audiences and
Art. 3. When different friendly powers
arc represented at this court by Diplomatic
Agents of the same rank and degree, the
date of presenting their credentials at the
office of Foreign Affairs, shall determine
their precedence at all public audiences and
Art. 4. No foreign power shall be con
sidered as represented by more than one Di
plomatic Agent, unless more are actually
accredited ; and when the accredited Diplo
matic Agent of any power is absent from
this court, the Consul, or Commercial A
gent, of such power if there be one shall
be considered, for purposes of ceremony, as
the representative of such power.
art. o. All the members of our Pnvv
Council of State, take precedence at court,
next alter the Queen and Premier, as form
ing our Cabinet.
Art. fi. The Governors of our islands,
Kauai, Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii ; the Mem
bers of our Legislative House of Nobles ; and
Judges of the Supreme Court ; take prece
dence next after our guests the representa
tives of foreign powers, in the order in
which they arc named in the annexed calen
dar. Art. 7. Any Diplomatic Agent, resident
or special, can be admitted to Royal Audi
ence upon application in writing made to
the Foreign Office, at least twenty-four
hours previously to the intended visit, and
shall be introduced by the Secretary of For
eign Affairs, personally, or in writing. The
dress of presentation shall be the full dress
assigned to his rank by the nation ho rep
resents. Done at Lahaina, Maui, this 29th day of
June, A.D., 1844.
The following is a list of the principal
Chiefs, Officers of His Majesty's Civil Ad
ministration; of the Chiefs entitled to rank,
and of the present incumbents in the more
important local offices, which will be correc
ted as occasion may require :
Members of the Hon. Privy Council of State.
(i. P. JIIDD, Secretary of State for Foreisrn Affairs.
JOHN RICORD, Attorney General.
JOHN II, of the Treasury.
JOHN YOUNG, Counsellor.
TIMOTHY IIAAL1LIO, of the Treasury.
Governors of the Respective Islands.
M. KEKAUONOHI, Kauai.
J. . KUAKINI. Hawaii.
KEONI ANA, Maui.
M. KEKUANAOA, (lihu.
W. P. LELEIOHOKU, Acting Gorrrnor of Hawaii.
Associate Judges of the Supreme Court.
J. K A PEN A,
J. A. Kuakini,
W. P. Leleiohoku,
Princes and Chiefs eligible to be Rulers.
Alexander Liholiho, Heir Apparent to the
Moses Kckuaiwa, Expectant Gov. of Ka
uai. Lot Kamchameha, Expectant Gov. of Maui.
William Lunalilo, Jane Loeau,
Victoria Kamamalu, James Kali,
Expectant Premier. Peter Young Kaco,
belinda Pauahi, Emma Rooke,
David Kalakaua. Abigail Maheha,
Polly Paaaina, Elizabeth Kekaniau
Executive Officers of Government.
DAVID MALO, Superintendent of School at Mend.
KEIKENUI, r do. do. Oahu.
KAHOOKUI do. do. Kauai.
BARENABA, do. do. Hawaii.
KAPAE, do. do. do.
JAMES J. JARVES, Director of Public Printin.
P. KANOA, Member of Treasury Board.
J. R. VON PFISTER, Secretary to dito.
G. L. KAPEAU . do. do.
Collector and Harbor Master of the Port of Honolulu.
T. C. B. ROOKE, Port Physician.
ROBERT BOYD. High ShiriJT.
Prefect of Police and Superintcndant of Public Hout
es in Honolulu.
MIKEKAI, Captain of Police ef Honolulu.
Prefect of Police and Superintendent of Public House
HOONAULU, Captain of Police at Lahaina.
Collector of the Port of Lahaina.
ISAAC LEWIS, Harbor Master of do.
Judges of Inferior Courts.
Kuhia, Judges of Honolulu.
Other parts of Oahu.
J. Kahananui, Kahauolono,
Gidcona Laanui, Kahele.
Inferior Judges of Maui.
Inferior Judges of other parts Maui.
Inferior Judges of Kauai.
Daniela Oleola, Manano,
Solomona Koolua, Naakakai.
Collectors of Internal Revenue Oahu.
Collectors of Internal Revenue Kauai.
Collectors of Internal Revenue Maui.
Hae, , Kaihealani,
James Nowliens, Manu.
Collectors of Internal Revenue Hawaii. ' : )
Kahi o he Kokua Lunahanavai nu, )
Honolulu, June 24, 1844.
I KA Moi LOKQMAIKAI, KE Lll, ,,,
E KA MaKUA,
Ua olelo mai kau Kakauolelo no ko na
aina c, e palapala aku wau me ka mahalo,
a maopopo na oihana a mc ke ano o ka
noho ana ma kou aupuni, o kckahi malu
na o kekahi, a pololci loa c like me ka oi
hana mau o na aupuni a pau ma keia mea.
Kc hoakaka aku nei au me ka mahalo,
ua maopopo ma ka mooolelo o na aina ka
noho ana a hiki i ka ahaolelo ana ma Vi
ena 1814 a me 1815, ua manaoia he mea
nui ke hoonohoia na Luna o na aina e, e
like me ka lakou oihana, o na Minister
Plcnopotcntiary mua, a hiki aku i na Com
missioner, a me na Charge. A no ka
malama ole ana o keia mau oihana ua
ohumu pinepine, a ua kaua hoi iwaena o
na Lii o Europa, no ka hoinoia a me ka
manao ana ua hoinoia kekahi o lakou. ,
Akoakoa ka ahaolelo o Vicna i ka maka
hiki 1814, aia na Luna no na aupuni nui
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