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PUBLISHED WEEKLY AT IIOIVOLULIJ, OAUU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
J. J. JARVES, Editor.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1844.
NEW SERIES, Vol. 1. No. SO.
It ii the tyrant death, the frecmans guard;.
Or framed around the lavage council fire
Or where the yeoman kcepcth watch and ward
In glens and mountains where the ancient sire
With patriarchal justice rules his halls
Or where a nation rising up from sleep,
Unbinds its chains and bursts the ancient walls
Which shut in wolves among the flying sheep
Or whero meet sages in a deep conclave
O'er Right and Justice. Then w hen Truth approves
Doth Freedom smile and dig the Tyrant's grave,
While Heaven in man w ith gentle mercy moves,
And strong and weak in bonds of justice binds,
Perfecting this a brotherhood of minds.
Leave from Memory's Note Rook.
Rio Janeiro appears to good advantage
from the water. Its spacious churches, con
vents, and hills covered with buildings, all
stuccoed, whitewashed, or painted with some
bright color, but relieved by green lattice
work to the windows, shine conspicuously in I
the clear sunlight. Many of the buildings
are dingy from age, having been constructed
nearly three centuries since. These give
the town, for an American one, a venerable
appearance. The church " di Gloria," situ
ated on the summit of one of the hills, and
embowered in shrubbery, adds much to the
picturesque variety of the scene. On the
opposite side of the bay is a large town, to
which steam-ferry boats regularly run.
Numerous other craft, rigged with lattice
sails or pulled by negroes, also ply between
the ,two places. The oars used in their
boats are of great size, and the slaves in
pulling them rise from their scats "and throw
their whole weight into the stroke. Near
the landing lay an iron steamboat which had
made the voyage from England. Fronting
the mole is the famous hotel Phareux, a
French establishment, combining all the
cxceltencies of those of its class in Europe.
Its tables are crowded ; their chief attraction
is a species of shrimp called " camaroni,"
of most delicious flavor. The oysters of the
bay are fat and large, but unhealthy on
account of the oxidation of the copper from
ships bottoms. They arc seldom eaten with
impunity, unless when brought from a dis
tance. To the right of the mole is the square, with
its fountain of plain stone. The Emperor's
palace faces upon it. Externally it is re
markable for neither architectural taste or
elaborate ornament. It is a very plain
building, but spacious, and communicates by
a covered way at its farther extremity, with
the Emperor's chapel, about which, neither
externally or internally, is there any thing
remarkable. A church on the other side is
far richer. The endowments of many of the
churches are said to be on a princely scale.
To the left of the palace is one unfinished,
but which in the arrangement of its interior
presents the most perfect specimen of Roman
Catholic architecture which I have ever seen.
Its ornaments are chaste and impressive.
The market place is contiguous to the
square, and forms itself a hollow square,
well paved, with roofed stalls at its sides.
It is filled with blacks, and the display
offish, fruits, vegetables and flowers, is very
good. Rio oranges arc celebrated the world
over. To strangers the rue d'ovidor is the
street of most attractions. Like almost all
others, it is narrow, its pavements rough,
and its sidewalks not much better. Hut it is
the great thoroughfare of buyers, and in it
are displayed in the greatest profusion, tho
richest manufactures of the old world, min
gled with the natural riches of the new.
The shops are small; and the most attractive
are those where the feather flowers are
made: these are, kept by French women.
Some of their work is exceedingly delicate
and beautiful; particularly the wreaths made
from the akins of humming bird9. The
diamond shops have some fine gem9, but
none of great value are kept in sight.
The population of Rio is now estimated at
300,000. Of this number there are said to
be 8000 French. The slave population ap
pears to be the predominating one, and
colors vary from the ebony hue, which is
very abundant, to the pure European tinge,
which is comparatively rare. Tho native
Brazilians, such as one sees in the streets,
are a diminutive, dark looking race, with but
little that is prepossessing in their counte
nances. Both male and female arc ob
noxious to this remark. But the better
classes particularly the females are not
much to be seen abroad. Brazilian jeal
ousy and inhospitality are proverbial, but
becoming less as refinement and education
increase. A hostile feeling exists between
the native Brazilians and Portuguese, owing
doubtless to the emoluments and monopolies
formerly enjoyed by the latter, when Brazil
was dependant upon Portugal. The foreign
American society is very limited, but as
everywhere else is hospitable to tho fullest
The streets of Rio are lighted to the dis
tance of several miles into the country.
The n ighboring rides are delightful. That
to the Emperor's garden is one much fre
quented. Carriages are exceedingly e.xpcn
sive. The turn-outs, however, arc gay, and
the steeds good. Parties generally 'take a
four-horse barouche. The drivers put their
horses at a rapid gallop through the narrow
streets, dashing over the rough pavements
with a velocity that threatens momentarily
to wreck the establishment and jeopardise
those on foot. But it is the custom, and the
people have from long practice become quite
expert in clearing the way. A naval friend
of mine, however, who was on horseback in
one of the narrow streets, unexpectedly me
the Emperor and his suite; a detachment
of lancers were charging in front at full
speed. They were too quick for him to rim
from them, and to avoid bring overthrown
he dashed into the open door of a store kept
by a French modiste, who was equally
astonished and alarmed at the sudden ap
pearance of horse and rider amid her wares.
The galloping by of the suite explained the
matter, and with the native politeness of her
race, she readily pardoned the intrusion.
The gardens, which are six miles from
town, arc much visited. They are laid out
with much taste and elegance. Amid the
profuse richness of the vegetable kingdom
of Brazil are to be seen the rarest flowers,
shrubs and trees of the East, and other
climes. The spices of India emit their fra
grance, and the tea of China grows with all
the vigor of its native soil. Several acrrs
arc devoted to the culture of this plant.
Ponds, fountains, cascades, waterfalls, par
terres, hedges of roses, and the most beau
tiful flowers, and labyrinths of walks with
rustic seats are so arranged as to afford the
greatest gratification to the eye, In one
portion of the garden, the visiter comes
suddenly upon a house composed entirely
of trees, which have born guided and trim
med so as to form a perfect building, with
doors, windows, he. It is situated upon a
mound, and commands from its windows a
view of the best portion of the garden.
Slaves are in attendance, and for a trifle
supply visitors with choice boquots.
There is a museum at Rio open once a
week to the public. It contains a large col
lection of Brazilian minerals, including dia
monds and the precious ores. It is also
quite rich in ornithology, and has a small
collection of Egyptian Antiquities which are
interestinff. Amonc manv mummies. I no- deal of it, and because a little learning was
o- a ... i T -11
iced one of a young female, so perfect and jangcrous, wc were xo nave none an.
a I Whv tvlmn I haul, enxh striml nhaltirtiti Jta
so skilfully prepared as to resemble life it- ' . rcitGrated. I do sometimes becin to
self rather than the withered remains of hu- doubt whether the parrots of society are not
manity's form. Each limb, even to the fin- more pernicious to its interests than its birds
wn niitiv Knndflfrpd nnd thft fnrm of prey. 1 should be clad to hear sucb
rfectly retained. The bosom, chest, waist, ..... . . . J flm . f -
arms kc, were as true and as graceful in norance. I should be clad to know which
their outline as if fresh from the studio of a they consider the most prolific parent of
Canova. The face was covered with a misery and crime. Descending a little lower
painted mask, on which the features were m ine sca c ' 1 ' nou uc Glaa. "
r ' thntii in Ihnir n I r lat inn nir a riv inn thorn
marked. If they were intended as a like- LQ ccrtain gaols and nightly refuges! know
ness, she must nave been oeauinui ; ana 0f, where my heart dies within me when 1
what but beauty could have been joined to sec thousands of immortal creatures con
r o unA it ... D nil anA v,..l. demned, without alternative or choice, to
t t UvuUi uuk u uai uui ciiui uvi;i alalia wj
ingly delicate; perhaps she had died at Lrimrosc Mth t0 th0faCverlstinff bonfire."
sweet sixteen, or else a few years more may uut of jagged flints and stones, laid down by
have been added to her existence, and those brutal ignorance, and held together by the
pretty feet have danced in the halls of the "dp of l,at most wicked adage. Would we
Bi au u..,i a u know from any honorable body of merchants,
I iinnrrht in riortri nnn in fhmiirhr wnftnr
tl. LI f 1 . . : 1 J T I 1 . .. I t D . B ...
in Huu.w ui uwr native lauu. utr iui maj yy would ratner have ignorant or enlight-
navc Dccn a inousana years Deiore even me enca persons in meir employment, wny, we
Ptolomics. and her beauty craccd the courts have their answer in this building; we have
of the earliest Pharaohs. From the rich meir answer in uns company ; wenavetneir
, , , , answer given in the munificent generosity
gilding and ornaments of her sarcophagus, I , your merchants of Manchester, of all
should judge her rank to have been high or sects and kinds, when this establishment was
her wealth gre.it. Strange fate for her re- first proposed.
mains. Those who had went her lot. had u But, ladies and gentlemen, arc the ad
met the same, and now three thousand years tva,nta6es derivable by the people from insti
' 3 , tutions such as this only of a negative char-
autr, nrr lurui as st-uuiiiui us ueu aiiiuiu- actcr? lf a i,tUe learning be an innocent
ted by the spirit of life and youth, lay in the thing, has it no distinct, wholesome, and
halls of a nation which her ancestors in their immediate influence upon the mind? The
wildest fancies had never dreamed of. And ?ld dogged rhyme so often written in the
. . beginning oi oooks, says mat,
thore come un to aze unon it men of all
, A . , . " When house and land are gone and spent,
Muuivua ixiiu tviiut;i9y Aiubiuwa uuu o o I a ncn learning w noi cxcciicjfti."
. ft et . .a I'
cs which in her time had no existence; those But I should be strongly disposed to
gazers year alter year as they look, bear retorm the adage, and to say that,
away with them a moral. Soon they will
crumble in their graves and yet fresh crowds
" Though house and lands be never got,
Learning can give what they cannot."
will hasten to view her undiminished beauty
and bear away with them a lesson, which it
would be well if it were oftener and longer
" And this I know, that the first unpur
chaseable blessing earned by every man
who makes an effort to improve himself in
such a place as the Athcnseum is self-re-
remembcrcd. The longer I looked the more spect, an inward dignity of character.
it seemed as if she but slumbered, and a which, when once acquired, and righteously
' I . ' 1 it.! a. .L 1 J
touch or word could cast aside her envelopes yninea, douiuie, no, wi in nurueai
, r , it , i , drudgery, nor the direst poverty, can van-
and arise. But beneath them would have ;0u Tunnu nm,w it ua
been scon as in others laying near by, the keep the wolf of hunger from his door, let
shriveled, blackened muscle, the half pro- him but once have chased the dragon of ig
truding bone, eyes socketless, and cheeks norance from his hearth, and self-respect
like parchment, death grim with age yet dcprlvhim of thesc 8U8taining qualities by
struggling against decay. How much better os or destruction of his worldly goods, than
to look upon the frame that once enclosed you could by plucking out his eyes take
life, in the guise which those authors of pri- from him an internal consciousness of the,
meval civilization gave to their dead, than "giu giwy w u. uu. aiicwn wowutj-,.
, , ,. , . , from dav to day, by the exercise, in his
at the crumbling remains which fill our sphere, of hands or head, and seeks to im-
tomhs, or the wired skeletons that hang in prove himself in such a place as the Athe-
our halls of science. No object I saw in nxurn, acquires for himself that property
Rio interested me half so much, the more of soul which has in all times upheld Istrug-
, rt. i. i ii man iu a uecrct', uui hcii-ujiiqc man
perhaps as affording such boundless room Saneciallv and alwavs. He secures for him-
room for pleasing conjecture, and as so fair geif the faithful companion, whichwhile it
a specimen of a lost art.
S K L E C T E D .
Light for the Mind.
Charles Pickens (about nhom, by the way, "the
world" in vur meridian teem of late astonishingly
quiet) 'loos not believe, with Tope, that
" A little learning is a dangerous thing."
At the late grand Soiree of the members of the
Manchester Atheneum, held for the benefit
of that literary institution, Pickens made a speech
which in well spoken of in our foreign journal, and
of which tho following u an extract, characteristic
of the man in ita humor and eauy philosophy :
How often have we heard, from that larpe
class of men, wise in their generation, who
would really seem to be born and bred for
no other purpose than to pass into currency
counterfeit and mischievous scraps of wisdom
as it is tho solo pursuit of some other
criminals to utter base coin how often have
wo heard from them, .as an ill-convincing
and self-evident argument, that, " a little
learning was a dangerous thing." Why a
little hanging was considered a very danger
ous thing, according to the same authorities
with this difference, that because a little
hanging' was dangerous, we had a great
has ever lent the light of his countenance to
men of rank and minds who have deserved
it, has even shed its greatest consolations on
men of low estate anualmost hopeless means.
It took its patient scat beside Sir Walter
Ilaleigh, in his dungeon-study in the tower;
and laid its head on the block with More.
But it did not disdain to outwatch the stars
with Ferguson, the shepherd's boy; it walk
ed the streets in mean attire with Crabbe;
it was a poor barber here in Lancashire
with Arkwright; it was a tallow-chandler's
lad with Franklin; it worked at shocmaking
with Bloomfield in his garret; it followed
the plough with Burns; and high above the
noise of loom and hammer, it whispers cour
age, at this day, in cars that I could. name
in Sheffield and Manchester.
"The morn the man who improves his
leisure in such a place learns, the better,
I gentler, kinder man he must become. When
i . i x , ' i
ne Knows now muon great minns nave suner
ed for tho truth in every age and time, and
to what dismal persecution opinion has been
exposed, he will become more tolerant of
other men's belief in all matters, and will in
cline more leniently to their sentiments when
they chance to diner trom his own.' Under
standing that the relations between himself
and his employers involve a' mutual duty,
and responsibility he will discharge his part
of the implied contract cheerfully, faithfully,
if i .
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