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P H i: POL Y N K S I A N 99 ! which arc to U3 nmbiguou, wo shall be abundantly satisfied. It is with deep regret that wc have not found more to praise in the correspondence of the American Commis sioner. So far as our private feelings are concerned, we would have American officials second to none in all that makes reputations enviable. It is much to be regretted that anything should mar the harmonious inter course that has always existed between this nation and the citizens of the United States. Although this controversy may arouse some degree of national feeling, the coolness will be but temporary. Indeed, a more needless cause of acrimony or disputation never ex isted. Nothing can be plainer than the meaning of the statute in Wiley's case. The law made the offence, as he committed it, a mere misdemeanor. In every case when citizens of the United States have been tried for crimes, they have had a jury accor ding to the tenor of the third Article of La haina., and until it becomes no longer a law, they will continue to enjoy the same privi lege, if privilege it is, to be wronging them selves and others. Supposing that Wiley's offence had been construed to be of that de gree ofturpitude which in the Hawaiian code constitutes it a crime. If convicted, he would have been either banished for four years to a desert island, or put at hard labor in pris on, at the discretion of the judge. Mr. Brown, in attempting to prove the offence a crime, was doing Wiley no favor; he did not lessen the probability of his conviction, but if brought in guilty, he increased, a hundred fold, the severity of his punishment. The propriety of the distinction which the Hawaiian statute draws is susceptible of am ple demonstration; but it would be foreign to the purposes of this review. We close our remarks with an allusion to the strange course which Mr. Brown has pursued, by collecting affidavits about town, and forcing this government to depart from the usual routine of diplomatic correspon dence by appending to their letter counter affidavits. The word of a minister is as sa cred as the honor of his nation, and is to be relied upon in every case. It is the voice of the sovereign, and as such must be received. That the American government, whether they consider Mr. Brown's demand just or unjust, will not countenance this novel pro ceeding, neither the discourteous treatment of the officers of His Majesty, and the coolly informing Mr. Judd that he has written what was false (mis-stated) in no less than seven instancas, nor the extraordinary departure from official proprieties and the rules of com position, cannot be doubted. The duty they owe themselves and the comity of nations forbids it. The decision is letl with them, and here we will drop the subject, express ing our firm reliance upon the wisdom and equity of the cabinet at Washington. THE POLYNESIAN. OFFICIAL JOURSAL OF THE II A W All AX GOVKRSMESr. HONOLULU, SATURDAY, NOV. 2, 1844. The U. S. sloop-of-war Warren, Com. Hull, arrived on the 28th ult., 20 days from Mazatlan, bringing four months later dates from America and Europe. We are able at present only to give an abstract of the principal events of importance, and shall in our next extract largely from the papers received. His Majesty's Commissioners wore at last advices (July 2nd) in Washington, intending to leave in August for Ralize and Honduras, to proceed to the Pacific side, via Central America, embarking in a Belgium ship which is expected would leave Belgium and he in season for them at some port on the Pacific, so says report. They are to be looked for in December or January. They arrived in Boston, from Liverpool, May lSth. The treaty of annexation of Texas to the United States, caused great stir among European politicians, who were very liberal of abuse to the United States but prematurelyfor it was rejected by the Senate, June 8th. by a large majority Nays, 33 yeas, 16. Wheaton's treaty with the German Customs Union as laid on the table by a vote of 27 to 13. June 1 7th, Caleb Cushing was confirmed as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China. Despatches of much interest had been received from him. He was piosptutihg with much success his study of the Mnnchoo language, that which the Emperor speaks, so that if enabled to reach Pekin he will be able to address him in his own dialect. The Manchoo is the language of the Tartar conquerors. His correspondence with the State Department nlrendy amounts to GOO folio pages, mid is said to be full of valuable information. The Whig candidate for the Presidency is Henry Clay; for Vice President, Theodore Erclinghuyscn. Demo cratic candidates J. K. Polk, for President George M. I'allas, for ice President. The spirit-ration and flogging have both been abolished in the Navy, by vote of Congress. Commodores Jones and Kearney arrived at Norfolk in the Constellation. 1st of May. Postage has been reduced as follows : Less than 30 miles, 3 cents; over, not exceeding 100, Scents; over, and not exceeding 3oo, 10 cents ; over 300, 15 cents. J. C. Spencer, Secretary of the Treasury resigned April 30lh ; succeeded by Chancellor Bibb. Capt. E. Shubrick, of the Navy, is dead. Commodore Kennedy died in April. Accounts of the marvellous performances of Morse's Electro Magnetic Telegraph, occupy a large space in the papers. The magnetic wires are now laid from Balti more to Washington, and information is conveyed be tween the two places with the rapidity of lightning, the actual time being Ice than one second. The population of Wisconsin has increased in one year from 50,000 to 110,000. Joe Smith, the leader of the Mormons, has been shot, with some of his followers, in an attempt to rescue some of his sect from prison, in Illinois. Business was never better in the United States. Accounts of the prosperous condition of all parts of the Union, have reached us. Boston and New York in par ticular share the general prosperity. Whale Oil, at last advices, was quoted at 31 cents ; Sperm Oil, 90 to 97 ; Bone, 29 to 31 cents. From England wc have not much of moment. The crowned heads are becoming very sociable. The Em peror of Russia brought the news of his own arrival in England. The Kins of Saxony was there ot the same time; and Louis Philippe goes in Sept. In Parliament, it is announced as a fundamental maxim to proscribe, whenever practicable, all produce of slave labor, and the institution of slaver'. The Repeal is still vigorous. O'Connell has been sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment, a fine of 2000 1., and securities to keep the peace for 7 years himself 5000 1., and two others for hiin, each 2500 1. He has addressed a letter to the people of Ireland, exhorting them to maintain order, and remain erfcctly quiet. The King of Hanover is dead. Also, Lafitte, the fa mous banker ; and Campbell, the poet. ment fair and liberal treatment to all British subjects, and that they and their interests should be placed upon the same footing with the subjects and interests of other countries, so as to prevent all future misunderstanding and contention between the two governments. I am glad that the privilege granted to the government of His Hawaiian Majesty, to re ceive official letters through the courier of the British Legation in Mexico has been al lowed, as it compensates for the ready cour tesy of this government, in permiting their schooner, the "Victoria," to take up the dis patches to Hilo, for Her Majesty's ship "Ca rysfort and I hope that this interchange of good ofliees may long continue." I have the honor to be, Sir, your obedient servant, (Signed) ROBERT C. WYLLIR. Pro-Consul. G. P. Judd, Esquire, ) It. II. M. Sec'u if Slate S for Foreign Affairs, Sfc, Sfc. j British Legation in Mexico, and nsure your government, that His Hawaiian Majesty will always endeavor to acknowledge, its kind of fices and honorable sentiments, entertained towards his young country. " Your letter and its enclosure will be pub lished." I have the honor to be, Sir, your ob't servant, Wc take great pleasure in laying before our readers the subjoined correspondence, which shows in a most honorable light the favorable and just views of H. B. M.'s gov ernment towards this kingdom. It will be seen that the objectionable features of the La Place treaty and the convention of La haina, will be brought under the joint con sideration of both the English and French governments, under circumstances which cannot but lead to an equitable decision. Next week we shall publish the corre spondence between His Majesty's Commis sioners and Compte Goblet, Minister for Foreign Affairs for Belgium, which will show the friendly disposition of that govern ment towards this, and the formal recognition of its independence. Her Britannic Majesty's Consulate, ) Honolulu, October 29th. 1844. $ "Sir, It is my pleasing duty to inform you that in consequence of your request, address ed through Eustace Barron, Esq., Her Ma jesty's Consul at San-Bias, the Right Hon orable, the Earl of Aberdeen, Her Majesty's principal Secretary of State for Foreign Af fairs, has instructed Mr. Bankhead, Her Majesty's Minister at Mexico, to allow to the Hawaiian government, the privilego of re ceiving their letters by the courier of the British Legation, from Vera Cruz, so far as letters of a purely official character are con cerned. In conformity with your request, I take this occasion to enclose copy of the letter from the Right Honorable, the Earl of Ab erdeen, containing the approval by Her Ma jesty's government of the treaty of Lahaina, and their satisfaction at the assurance con veyed in your three letters to his Lordship, that the mode of settlement of the differen ces between Great Britain and the Sandwich Islands had been considered just and liberal by this government. You will perceive with pleasure, that your suggestions respecting the modification of certain articles in that treaty, were to be made the subject of friendly negotiation be tween the British and the French govern ments ; and that Her Britannic Majesty's government, in repeating the assurance that their only object is to secure the indepen dence and permanent well-being of the Sand wich Islands, only expect from this govcrn- Forf.iun Okfice, July 1st., 1844. "Sir, I have received and laid before the Queen your despatches from No. 1 to No. 10 inclusive, and I am happy to inform you that Her Majesty's government entirely approve the whole of your proceedings rel ative to the Sandwich Islands as therein re ported. The three letters which Mr. Judd address ed to me have been received and taken into consideration, and I have to desire that you will express to that gentleman the satisfac tion which her Majesty s government have felt at the assurance given them, that the mode of settlement of the differences be tween Great Britain and the Sandwich Is lands, which you were instructed to submit for the acceptance of that government, had been not only acquiesced in by it, but had also been considered and publicly declared just and liberal. "I need not repeat the assurance, which we have already given to the government of the Sandwich Islands, that our only object is to secure the independence and perma nent well being of that country, at the same time that we insure to all British subjects a fair and liberal treatmcn on the part of the government. "With regard to the modifications which are desired in certain articles of the conven tion concluded between you and the Sand wich Islands government, and especially those relative to the importation of wines and spirits, and to the mode of selection of of the juries for the trial of British subjects, HerJVIajesty's government, propose to con cert with France for admitting such modifi cations of those provisions as may be mutu ally satisfactory to all parties. "All that the British government desire is, that British subjects and British interests in general should be placed upon the same footing with the subjects and interests of oth er countries, and also that that footing should be such as to prevent so far as possible, all future misunderstanding and contention be tween the respective governments. "You will communicate this despatch to the Sandwich Islands government." I am, sir, Your most ob't humble serv't. (Signed) ABERDEEN. William Miller, Esq., &.c. kc. Sandwich Islands Office of Sec'v of State rlf Vnnvtnv A r- r . . n i- Honolulu, Oahu, Oct. 30. 1844. "Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge your letter, No. 30, and its enclosure, which I have lost no time in communicating to His Majesty, the King. "It affords me the highest pleasure offi cially to announce to Her Britannic Majes ty's government, through you, tho gratifica tion of the Hawaiian government on being assured that the modifications of the conven tion of the 12th. February in regard to tho importation of wines and spiritous liquors and the mode of appointing jurors will be mado the sub ject of ncgociation between Her Majesty's government and that of France, for admitting such modifications as may be mutually satisfactory to all parties. "On the question of juries, the recent cor respondence with tho United States Commis sioner, which has been transmitted both to England and Franco will best explain the wishes of His Hawaiian Majesty. It is also pleasing to be assured that the desires of Her Majesty's government in regard to the footing of its subjects here, are precisely what is desired by the Hawaiian govern ment ; and there is no doubt that an uniform basis may be formed which will prevent fur ther misunderstanding between the respec tive governments. "Be pleased to make our acknowledg ments acceptable to the British government for the privilege granted to the government of His Hawaiian Majesty, of receiving our official letters through the courier of the R. C. Wylme, Esquire, . If. M. Pro-Co-nsul Honol G. P. JUDD. tiolultt. ) ICP Wo ask the indulgence of our patrons for omitting Advertisement!, this week. In no other way could we get in our Foreign News. SHI11IN; INTELLIGENCE FOR THE PORT OF HONOLULU. ARRIVED. Oct. 26 Am. whale-ship Maine, Smith, Fair haven; 1600 whale, 400 sperm. Oct. 27 Am. whale-ship Nassau, Weeks, New Bedford 37 months; 1800 whale, 1100 sperm. Bremen whale-ship Gustave, Norton, 18 months; 1700 whale. Norwegian whaling barque 17th of May, Crawford, Christiana 10 months; 800 whale, 50 sperm. French whale-ship Ville do Heine, , Havre 25 months; 2400 whale. Danish whale-ship Neptune, Sodrinir, Copenhagen 10 mos.;2150 wh. Oct. 28 U. S. sloop-of-war Warren, Hull, (24 guns) 20 days from San Bias. Oct. 29 Am. whale-ship Milo, Gardner, New Bedford 16 months ; 2400 whale, 100 sperm Samuel Robertson, Warner, New Bedford 85 mos.; 1200 sperm. Barque Noble, Sweeney, Sag Harbor 14 months; 1080 whale, 120 sperm. Oct. 30 Am. whale-ship Fanny, Edwards, Sag Harbor 10 months; 2000 whale, 40 sperm. William Hamilton, Cole, New Bedford 26 mos.; 4100 wh., 300 sperm. Richmond, Ludlow, Cold Spring 10 months; 2400 whale. Oct. 31 Am. whale-ship M. Smith, Fisher, New Bedford. . SAILED. Oct. 25 Am. whale-ship Ann Alexander, Taber; to cruise. Oct. 26 Am. whale-ships William Thompson, Ellis; George & Martha, Smallcy; James Stewart, Jackson; Levi Starbuck, Nye; to cruise. Oct. 27 Am. whale-ship Pantheon, Borden: to cruise 1 - Oct 28 Bremen whale-ship Gustave, Norton; to cruise. Oct. 31 Am. whale-ships Augusta, Davis; Wm. Penn, Lincoln; Samuel Robertson, Warner; Noble, Sweeney; to cruise. Fanny, Edwards; William Hamilton, Cole; for the United States. Brig La fayette, Rouftio; for Tahiti and Valparaiso. Nov. 1 Barque Indian, Maughan; to cruise. SHIPPING MEMORANDA. Sailed from Boston, for Tahiti and this port, May 20th, Ship Inez, J. Knox. Passengers for Tahiti, Messrs. Gould and Gray. The Inez has 60 tons freight for the American Mist-ion, and merchandize for several houses here. , Sailed from New York, in July, store-ship Mari posa, Parsons, for this port, with Naval Stores lr Pacific Squadron. Cleared at New York, June 29th, ship Splendid, for the North Pacific. Arrived at New Bedford, in May, Prussian ship Broussca, Licnne, from Stettin to fit for a whaling voyage. Ship Hydaspe, Capt. Post, of New Bedford, ar rived at Lahaina Oct. 24 in distress having lost by scurvy, James Francis, of Martha's Vineyard; George Shaw, of Salem; Jacob Hardy, of N. York; Abraham Thompson, of Albany; Joseph Francis, William H. Wheat. Tho remainder of tho crew down with the scurvy: only the captain, mate, and one man to work ship. The Gustave, Norton, of Bremen, which arrived here on tho 26th, reports having been 40 days in a fog, unable to lower boats, although whales wcro in abundance about her. A number of ships are said to have put into Kamschatka, having tho scurvy on board. On the 27th ult., arrived at this port Norwegian whaler ' 17th of May," (so called from the day on which thfir constitution was signed.) This is the first vessel ot that nation which has visited our waters. The North of Europo appears to be en gaging quite extensively in the whaling business. We have had whalers from six nations in our har bors this year. II. B. M.'s razoo America, (50 guns) Hon. J. Gordon, sailed in June, from England, for tho Pacific station. Arrived on the 27th ult., Capt. Bernard's new schooner, (35 Ions) from Kauai, 11 days. This makes the second vessel built at that island this snasou. Ono other has been built on Hawaii, and five vessels in all added to the coasting trade. ' This week the trades have been so strong as to prevent ships from entering the harbor. Our port now presents a very lively aspect. On Wednesday there were in the inner harbor 22 ships and barques, 4 brigs, 6 schooners, and II . B. M.'s Ketch the Basilisk, Capt. Hunt. In the outer harbor 11 ships, und the U. S. sloop-of-war Warren, (24 guns) Capt. Hull. In all, 45 vessels of which 26 wero American, 8 Hawaiian, 4 English, 2 Bremen, 2 French, 1 Danish, 1 Norwegian, and 1 Tahitian. Business is tolerably brisk; but prices of foreign goods in quantities, or at Auction, low. "advertisement." Sheriff Notice. "JM'OTICE is hereby given, that in virtue of an INI execution and judgment in favor of the Ha waiian Tiif.akcbv Noarp, I have levied upon all the REAL and PERSONAL PROPERTY of LAUD A CO., Willinin Ladd and Willioin Hooper defendants, which properly I shall apply to the satisfaction of said execu tion! and the overplus, if any, I hold under two attach ments one in favor of Jame Robinson 6l Co., and tho oilier in favor of GEono Pei.lv. All Mortgafet given by said Ladd & Co., after this date, will he void airainU mid execution and attachments. R. BOYD, Dated Honolulu, Nov. I, ISii. High Sheriff.