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The school of Mrs. n.mr ZTrTT
w annuel' UlllKIPri f rv
above was commenced on the 23rd of Feb!
wary lasl and in addition to the pupil! men
tioned above, has received several others
some of hem the daughters of foreign 1
cnt( and others daughters of the chief?!!
Her school now numbers 26 pupih, who are
taught m reading, writing, arithmetic, alo
:n plain and ornamental needle work and
embroidery; tho expenses being borne by
pupil" gUtt'dian9 of th rpective
There has, the present year, been a Hih
hngl.sh school commenced by Mr. Robert
Gordon, lately of Boston, U. S. A., for the
benefit ot children of foreign parents. This
school numbers at present about 20 pupils
to a majority of whom this is their native land'
r here i, also an academy for missionary
children at Puimhou, embracing about 30
scholars, about half of whom are constant
According to the best estimate that can
be made ot the aggregate expense of all
these schools and seminar!, it must amount
to more than $130,000, derived from foreign
sources, independent of Hawaiian aid nnd
of thi. at least $110,000 has been paid ,v
the American Mission.
In relation to common schools the returns
are so imperfect, nnd the means of obtain
mg information so limited until the uct ico-it-latins
the subject shall (Tit I ri f i
, ft . -i v v III Kill ,
that I can give very little information in this I
it-p.-.i which can no relied upon as exar?
In former years adults were associated will:
the young in schools in large numbers, so
that tho number of pupils in the nation was
actually greater in 1830 than at the present
time. In 1831 at the establishment of the
seminary at Lahaina probablythe average ne
of tho Kst class was not much below 30 years.
In 1832 it was supposed more than one third
of all the people attended school more or
less, and the number of readers enrolled in
the schools, was .23,123.
From that period the number gradually
diminished, although the proportion of the
people able to read and write has constantly
increased and the number of children not
attending school has diminished. The num
ber of children in the schools in 1839, esti
mated from imperfect data, but probably
near the truth, was 16,000." A law enacted
in 1840, was doubtless the means of increas
ing the number. In J 342 the number of pu
pils enrolled in the protestant schools was
17,440, of whom not more than three fourths
vere regular attendants at school, or present
it any one examination, that is 13,030. The
;stimates last year were based mainly on the
The estimates of the protestant schools,
ased on the imperfect returns of the present
ear, are as follows:
POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8,
bMOl. Mai8rCt rep"ls thcir churches to
It is most clearly tho duty of tho rovem
roent to protect religion and incite the ploplo
... . W.iam Richards,
M'nistcr of Public Instruction
SLWDS. Learn Writ.
2,!Wi I J.5.17
1,513 1 7M
Total, 15.303 1 3.2-" 3!)4 7,3fiS 3,66(1
In various catholic schools throughout the
islands, according to returns furnished by
the kindness of the Hcv. Abbe Maigret,
there are 1,800 readers, 1,000 additional
learners and COO enrolled who do not attend
school, making in the whou 3,400.
All these schools have been supported by
the government, but the amount actually
paid cannot bo correctly ascertained for the
whole group. On the Island of Oahn, tho
government has paid $5,43; 43, for tho year
ending March 31st, and the debts remaining
due to teachers on that day, amounted to
$1,324 50. If the same amount has been
paid on the other islands, in proportion to the
number of pupils, tlie total sum is $nixz
It is probable however, that there are more
outstanding debts on the other islands than
on Oahu. It is estimated that the debts due
to tho teachers on Hawaii, are equal to the
sum total of their wages for one year. It is
probable therefore that the amount actually
paid over to the teachers the past year does
not much exceed $20,000, although the
amount paid and duo them must be little
short of $30,000.
It is hoped that the school returns for the
current year will be so made as to show
clearly and correctly, not only the amounts
expended, but also the number and charac
ter of the schools. The heavy debts now
due to the teachers, will be very embarrass
ing, but it is not proposed to make any fur
ther appropriation for the discharge of these
debts until it is fully ascertained whether tho
labor-tax now appropriated will be adequate.
During the past year there have been no
accurate returns of the proportional number
of the different religious denominations.--Neither
have there been full returns of births
and deaths. The following. however, has
been received in relation to places of wor
f v.. pntffatnti rnnort rhim-het.
Bchoolhoiiif ufd rbtirchf.
HONOLULU, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1846.
Highly Important News -Occupation "of
California by the U. S. Naval Forccs
rurthcr Particulars of the Rattle officii.
Taylor with (.'en. Arista-Probable speedy
nnd amicable adjustment of the Oregon
Question-Joint Resolution of the Amer
ican Senate, April last.
The Collingwood brings important intelligence
to July 24i h from Monterey. Through the courtesy
a. 1 en fcycK, Ls.i., U. S. Commissioner, and our !
own correspondents on tho coast wo are enabled to
present tho following budget to our readers this
Com. Sloat took possesion of Monterey on the
Tlli of July, ai.d hoisted the U. S. flag. The forces
were hauled at 10 o'clock, the place being given up
by Don. M. Sikh, the ofiicer then m command, at
the demand of Com. SSloat. Capt. Montgomery, of
the Portsmouth, took possession of San Francisco
on the !)th. The whole of Upper California is now
in possession of the Americans. Com. Sloat assum
ed this responsibility upon the reception of the news
of the invasion of the b". S. territory by the crossing
of the Hio Grande by (Jen. Arista, with (il)OO men,
and his attack upon Gen. Taylor. This movement
had also become the necessary on account of the
revolutionary stato of the country, the suspension of
all regular government nnd the general insecurity of
life and property attending the contests between the
native Californians and tho bands of settlers on tho
frontiers. Com. Sloat immediately issued a procla
mation, announcing tho event und quieting the in
habitants. Wo have not received a copy as yet.
(Jen. Ide on tho 10: li of July, resigned his military
honors and flag to Lieut. Kevero, U. S. N., who took
possession of Sonoma, read the Commodore's pro
clamation and hoisted tho st ars and stripes under a
salute and in tho presence of a largo concourse of
Com. Stockton Htrived at Monterey on the 20th
July, and assumed tho command. Fifty guns and
several hundred men have been landed from the
squadron, and the American commander is fortifying
the newly acquired ports in a substantial manner.
The Custom House at Monterey has been fitted up
as barracks. Orderly and strict guards patrol the
streets, but the liberty of the inhabitants is not in
fringed upon to any unnecessary extent. All grog
shops have been closed and a heavy penalty impos
ed upon thoso who sell ardent spirits to the soldiers
and sailors of tho Am. squadron. Tho wharf is at
present occupied by the now authorities, and mer
chandise is embarked from the beach. American
goods arc now imported frco of duty, und foreign
goods at one quarter of former charges. A company
of horse called the "California Dragoons," under
tho command of Purser Fauntlcroy, has been estab
lished to patrol the coast and protect the inhabitants
from the Indians. Capt. Fremont was at Monterey
with 170 riflemen, preparing to go in quest of Castro
and his troop, should that officer make further re
sistance. What course tho Californians will adopt
is not known, but it is conjectured that they will
speedily become reconciled to the new posture of
affairs, a thcir persons and property will he efficient
ly protected, and tho laws impartially administered
It is generally believed on the coast that whatever
policy may be adopted by the cabinet at Washing
ton, on tl.e reception of the now s of tho capture of
California without a formal declaration of w ar, the
country U forever lost to Mexico, and must become
either a territory of the great republic or an inde
Com. Sloat returns to the U. S. via Panama in the
Levant, which ship goes home. Thus far the cap
ture of California seems to have been effected w ith
out bloodshed or resistance. Every thing was
quiet at the latest dates, und business not materially
deranged. Tho Mormons would not it was antici
pated be favorably received either by the Californians
or the American settlers.
The Hawaiian brig Euphemia was to leave Aug.
1, fortius port ; Capt. Nye and family passengers,
'(.'en. Taylor's engagements with Gen. Arista oc
curred on 8th and 9th of May. 2300 U. b. troops
were opposed to 6000 Mexicans. The latter official,
ly acknowledge the loss of 4000 men, with all their
artillery, baggage, store,, &c -All the ports in the
Mexican gulf are now blockaded, but the mails are
The news from the U. S. is to the last of April.
In a New Orleans paper of April 'tn we nom-
i.iiAU.inT revolution bv the American
passage or ine iwiv"...s
Senate, by which it would appear that an amicable
termination of the Oregon controversy is the desire
of a Urge majority of that body. Mr. Allen of Ohio
mad. a characteristic warden, but hi. r.ews were
put down by a largo vote and he further received a
severe castigation in an eloquent speech from Mr.
Crittenden. The resolution 13 dignified and cour
teous; calculated to give no umbrage to England j
and to hasten a friendly adjustment. The substitu
tion of ''amicable " to " speedily " is as applied to
the settlement wise, and between two such powerful
nations in good taste.
Joint Resolution concerning the Oregon '
Territory, by Mr. Crittenden, as amended !
by 31 r Johnson. j
Whereas by the convention com hided aoth October.
HIS, between lji- United ' Mates t.f America and tl.
King of Great Britain and Ireland, for the period of 10
years, niid iifn-rw.-mk indefinitely extended and contin
ued in force by another convention of snnic parties, con
eluded G Aug., IH t?, it was agreed that any country that
may he claimed by cither party on N. W. coast of Ameri
ca, westward of the Stony or Uoekv Mountains, now
called the Oregon Territory, t-houht' together wit'., iti
hnrhors, bays und creeks nnd the navigation of all rivers
within the same, bo " free and open'' to the vessels, citi
zens and subjects of the two powers; but without pre
judice to any claim which cither of the parties might
have to any part of s-iid country; nnd witii this further
provision; the 2nd article of the said convention of Oth
Ang., ISJ7, lh:a l iilier parly miirht uhrogatc und annual
said convention in giving due notice of 12 inuuihs to the
And whereas, it has now become desirable, that the
respective claims of tin- United Slates and Great Britain
should l.o definitely settled and that said territory may
no longer than ncc I be, remain subject to the evil con
sequences of divided allegiance .f its American an-l
British population, nnd of the contusion and conflict of
natiuiial jurisdictions, dangerous to the cherished peace
ami good understanding oi the two countries ;
With a Mew therefore that steps be taken for the abro
gation of said convention of Cth Aug., io-T, in the mode
prescribed in its article, und the Attention of tho govern
ments of both countries may be mere earnestly nnd im
mediately directed to rentwvd eil'orts for the 'settlement
H all their differences und disputes in respect to said ter
ritory, h'ryolrnt, l?v the Senate and House of Representatives
of th United .States of Amciica, in Congress assembled,
that the President of tl.e Luited State ie, and is hereby
authorized, at his fiihcn tion.fo give to the British (iovern
ment the notice required by the sai l 2nd article for the
abrogation of said convention of Cth Aug , l'7.
Finally passed 10 :'.ts, 11 nays.
Loss of the Am. Whnler Ilaltic, dipt. Itutler,
of New ISedford.
Tho Bengal whaler arrived at this port on Tuesday,
bringing the officers and crew of tho Baltic, wrecked
June 16'th, on Bhering's Island, lat. 6b' N. Sho went,
ashore in a gale of wind, ut 5 P. M., while the crew
wero aloft, taking in sail, and in half an hour broke
cntiiely up. The crew landed in the boats and re
mained on this inhospitable island encamped'on the
beach until July 5th, wh.cn the Bengal appeared and
took them off. About 000 barrels oil were saved,
and purchased by the Captain of the Bengal. Some
Russians who lived on the island about 10 miles
from tho wreck, treated tho crew with all the kind
ness their circumstances admitted. Some idea may
be formed of the climate of the island from the fact
that although it was summer, tho enow in places
lay piled to the depth of 40 or 50 feet. Tho Baltic
had on board 2100 bbls. oil, and was insured to her
Id The reports of the King's Ministers, read
before tho Legislative Council Aug. 1, will occupy
our columns for this and the succeeding paper. The
length of the report of the Minister of Foreign Re
lations obliges us to defer it until the next number,
in w hich we hope to givo it entire. It should in
regular series have followed that of the Minister of
ItZF" Shipwreck. Whalcship Columbia, Capt.
Kelly, of Nov London, 26 months out, 2500 bbls.
oil, is reported by the Bengal to have boen lost, date
not known, on the King's Mill (Jroup. Tho natives
took possession of tho wreck and crew at once. The
latter were ransomed for tobacco by a ship that for
tunately discovered them, and taken to Guam.
Capt. Kelly is said to be on board the Isaac Hicks.
SCT Tho Reports of the King's Ministers after
publication in the Polynesian will be issued nt this
office in pamphlet form, and for salo tr any who
prefer them in that shape. The facts relative to tho
condition of the nation will not be without interest
to its friends ; but thcir length compels us to defer
our usual variety of matter, and to lay by consider
able already in type.
iCP The bark Lion, Capt. Bonney, arrived last
evening from Tahiti, just ns our paper w as going to
press. The French still hold possession and are
fortifying themselves! Wo hope to give our readers
further particulars in our next number.. 1
JO0 The frigate United States, Capt. Smoot,
was fitting out at Boston (ot thq CcAist of Africa.
Oahv, August 4, 1816.
We, the undersigned, Into of ship Baltic, take this
method of expressing our thanks to Captain Frink, and
nlso the eflicers and crew of the Bengal, of New London,
for their kindness in giving us a passage to this part, and
also for their gentlemanly deportment shown to us during
the passage iroin ijiierings iManci, w neie our snip was
wrecked, June IGth, 131C.
It f solved by the v'oics and liritiicr.livet of the
Hawaiian Island?, in Legislative Council a$en
That Section Sd of Article 2d of Chapter 7th of
Part 1st of an act entitled An act to organise the
Executive Departments of the Hawaiian Islands"
shall not be interpreted to forbid prospective con
tracts for land by tl.o .Minister of the Interior, or
even absolute salo, condi'io"cd that tho said alien
tdiall take the oath of allegiance to His Majesty ut
the earliest period allowed bv law, which is two
years from Ids arrival in the country.
Council House, Aug. fc":h 1)546.
Keom Ana, Premier.
In the Win'. NciUcm tor C hina, (Jaj't. J. Hoiniiiin, Ceort'cj
llrown, Kmj. and (,'eori;.' Brown,
ft! A XI X Xtf 2 J O U H N A L .
A it K 1 V V, 1) .
An:.'. 4. A in. wh.ile s!ii Itenp-il, Irink, New London, 200
IiMl wli. cl;iys iVv. in N. W. uM, having on tmiod I t). tain
(lllir. rs in. (I sciiircn ol"lii; tJiilit:-, I.'iuIit, of l'nlr Ihivc n, lot
on t lici n.'V I-lni,iI. .Iiuif Hi. The lLcliie hud 20!U Mi. oil,
mill Mivcil oi;ly J ' , wii.ili Ccij.i. 1 tink jnii'tliascd for Tjcchu
I" r hurrd.
Ate:. II - 11. H. M.'. ship Cnlliuewom!, m gnna. Rear Admi
ral s-.r (iconic S. yii'.our, M dujs t':.ini Menu-lev.
An-:, li. Am. wlwilt; h;ni riTiiiMii, llrown, New London,
11 IIIU l.llt, Ki'iu V. 11. .'() ). l'lll in on UCTCXIIIt c f itlUHIIC)
done to rudili r in n Rule. Ueuri Vnruw, Siroiijj, 1 whale
24lh June-, i;. J. !:. aid, e j mi, 2Tlti
A ug. T. liip South l'r.le, Myers, Amsterdam, fl()l lib!. wl.
Any. 7. I r. l!urk Lion, lionney, ii ciuy from Tahiti.
H A 1 1. K 1 .
Ami;. 5. Am. Inij! Win. Nc iNnn, WeMon, lor Mnnila.
(. n. w'u.le ulii)) AIM, hi, rrnie m.d home.
Charles J. W. Hussell.
John Kit hards,
William H. Shearman,
William M. Anderson,
Peter E. Merehew,
James I' rooks,
C. A. Bradbury,
4 1111'- 3 ,
Th Inst four sre natives of th Sandwich. Tsl'nnrln. nnd
unite with Us irt testifying their gratitude.
r!3pi! Vj undesigned has removed his oiT.ce from
JfiL his late residence at K'anudna, to the Govern
ment House, Ilouclvln Hair, where from und after
Monday the 10th inst. be will bo happy to receive
the calis of persons desiring to do business in any
of the particulars asrigi.ed to hi Depaifment.
Oli'.cc hours, y A. M. to 4 P. M.
JOHN IHCOKD, Att'y fJcn'I.
Honolulu, 8th August, ltUC.
This day according to 'aw, the Governor of Oahu,
M. K 1: lev a n ao a , has rrantt., toNamanienio a bill
of divorcement from his w ife Kekulahclu.
Honolulu, July 25, I84f.
l TAHITI, Society Islands
The American bark FAME," An
thony Marks, linster. will bn dis
patched on or about Aug. 15th. 1'or freight or pas
sage to either of tl.o above named ports, pleaso
apply to E. & II. GIMMES, or to the Master on
LUJim.K AM) DKY CiOODS.
7SOII sale by E. Si II. Grimes, upon reasonable
40,000 ft. 1 inch Boards, 20,000 ft. 1 1-2 and 2
20 casta 4-4 blue Cottons,20 do. Shoes & Boots,
4 crates Bowls Si Plates,30 gent's riding Saddles,
10,000 1-2 inch Boards, 100 ash Oars,
20 boxes Tea, C coils Whale Line,
50 whale Irons & Lances, 70 bbls. Pitch, 50
tons Crackers. altf.
fJIlIIE undersigned have this day entered into a
JL copartnership at Honolulu and Lahaina, Ha
waiian Islands, under the firm of J. B. McCLUlttJ
&.CO. JAMES B. McCLUKG,
ALEXANDER G. ABELL,
Honolulu, 1st July, 1?4(.
LUMHHIl, SO At &c,
"1171 OR sale by the subscribers, the fol lowing mer-
1L chandise :
70,000 ft. California Cedar end Pine Lumber,
80,000 Shingles, 58 boxes California Soap,
4 do.x. iron Shovels, 3 doz. Grain do.,
10 boxes Sperm Candles, 1!) boxes Codfish,
1 bag Pepper, S boxes tig paste, 20 doz.Cologrie,
22 boxes Olives, 10 do. Capers, 2 bbls Walnuts,
1 bbl. Almonds, 2 bales Shirting Stripes,
2 bales Brown Jeans,
yoo lbs. white, brown and black Linen Thread,
(10 do. blue and white cotton Thread,
30 bbls whale Oil.fi drums Mackerel,
fiO do. Molasses and Syrup,
40 boxes Souchong Tea,
20,000 Cuba (Sixes) Cigars, 200 Guvaquil Hats,
20 Palm Leaf IIat, 2000 Goat Sk'ins,
100 lbs. Sewing and Hoping Tw ine.
Roots 11 ml Shoe.
Gent's, fine French Boots; Goat Skin do.; Button
Gaiter do. ; Men nrd Boy Gout Skin Downin
Shocs; Prunella do.; Velvet Slippers; Patent Leag
ther and French Pumps.
Ladies' Gaiter Boots; spring heel Slippers; pur
plo and brono do; bhek Satin do; green Morocco
Ties and walking Shoes.
Mioses' and children's Shoes of all descriptions.
Jy 25 tf 1UCKEK &. JOHNSON.
PER ADMIRAL MOORSOM, FROM
London, and for sale on reasonable terms by
ii. RHODES & CO.
4 cases indigo blue Long Cloth, 3 bales fancy
Prints nnd Stripes, 1 bale V'clch Flannel, 1 case
silk Braid, Haven black Silk. W. B. Thread, silk
Bandannas, silk chintz Bandannas, 8 do, plain
gingham Umbrellas, 6 water-proof do., fancy imita
tion filk Handkerchiefs, 2 cases Turkey red do.,
Table Covers, regatta Shirts, linen do., 1 cato fancy
Vests, French and English Bonnets, (latest styles) ;
cap Flowers, dress Caps, blond Brides, ladies lace
Caps, ladies silk and cotton Gloves, mens do., la
dies and gents, silk and cotton Hofo and half Hose,
boys and mens cotton Braces, India rubber do.,
diamond patent Pins, eilk Parasols, checked Ban
dannas, imitation and recti coral Beads, painted
China do., Cap Fronts, German Caps, thread Edging,
Lace, spotted Net, cotton Edging, cjc.