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companies of the regulars,' at Vresen1 on Governor's
Island, are to acco'mpanythe 'expeditionA Probably
this addition to the force has beeii made in conse
quence of the spirit manifested by the volunteers
daring their temporary residenco on th4 island.
The U. S. Government has refused to accept the
services of the companies of Capts. Coy and Thomp
' son, of Boston, for the California expedition.
A regiment of infantry under command of Capt.
Tompkins sailed from New. York for California, in
July, and Col. Stevenson was to sail about the 1st
of September. About fifteen hundred troops are on
their way around Jihe Cape, while nearly that num
ber are supposed to be on their way across the
country. Almost every State furnishes volunteers.
The government has disbanded some, on account of
... .. i i j
which the papers are iouci in denouncing ua puuvy.
Some difficulty exists with regard to their pay.
Naval. Commodore Shubrick's broad pennant
was hoisted on hoard the Independence, at Boston.on
the 12th' August, and a salute was fired from the
Navy Yard. She is off Long wharf,' and will sail in a
few days for the Pacific via Rio Janerio. Comman
der Henry W. Ogdcn resigned his command of tho
North Carolina, on the 10th inst., to proceed to the
Independence, and upon leaving the ship, the men,
"ith whom he was popular, gave him three hearty
cra. The N. Y. Gazette says tho Independence
Fnrtia Pn'ifm Kiv llio first nf flifl month
V,nil be succeeded by tho Preble in the course of two
.or three months and early in October, Capt' String
ham, whose term of office expires by limitation
will take out the Ohio, to which," upon her junction
with the squadron, Capt. S hub rick will shift his broad
pen nanl from the Independence,, which will then be
transferred to Capt. Stringhani. -
Commander Nicholson, of the U. S. Navy.it is
said, is to proceed to the Pacific via Chagres, with
despatches, and on his arrival will take command of
' one of the ships on that station.
The Ohio, of 105 guns, is to be sent to join the
" Pacific squadron forthwith. On her arrival there,
Capt. Stringham, who goes out as commander of the
Ohio, will take command of the Independence, and
Commodore Shubrick will hoist the brond pennant
on board the line-of-battle ship Ohio.
The frigate United States, under the command of
Capt. Smoot. and bearing the broad pennant of Com
- George C. Read, left Boston, early in June, for the
coast of Africa. , .
Commander William Chauncey Whetraore, of the
United States Navy, died on the 8th of August, at
his residence, Bergen Hill, New Jersey.
The N. Y. Herald contains the correspondence
and debates in secret session relative to the Oregon
Mr. McLane. Minister to England, has been
recalled. Mr. Pickens, of South Carolina, is ex
pected to succeed him.
Mr. Ingersoll, of Connecticut, has been appointed
ed Minister to Russia.
$76,309 have been appropriated to the relief o
, the heirs of the Fulton family
Two captains of the Peruvian Navy had arrived at
New York, to contract for the construction of
The largest packet ship in the U. S. is being built
at Boston, to be called the " New World." She is
186 feet on deck, 42 1-2 feet beam, and 28 1-2 feet
hold a regular three decker frigate built, of 150o
- Professor Greenleaf has succeeded Judge Story in
Dane Professorship of Law at Harvard University
A tremendous hurricane, attended by thunder and
lightning, visited k. portion of Madison county, Iilli
nois, on the 7th July. , Every object in the path of
the tornado was prostrated; trees' were torn up
fences scattered to tho wind, and tenements razed
to the ground.
The unexpected continuance of the war wit
Mexico, with the issuing of letters of marque, can
not fail to have an injurious effect on American com
merce in the Pacific, and ultimately raise tho prices
of American goods. ;
, THE NEW MINISTRY.
Iw the Ca bin tT. Lord John Russel, First Lord
of the Treasury ; Lord Crittenden, Lord,Chanccllor
Marquis of Lansdown,'. President of tho Council
Earl of Minto, ; Lord Privy Seal; Sir George Grey
Secretary ot state oi the Home Department; Vis
count Palmerston, 'Secretary of State ,for ' Foreigi
Affairs; Earl Grey, Secretary of State for Colonia
Affairs: Rt. Hon. Charles Wood, Chancellor of tho
Exchequer; Earl of Aukland, First Lord of the Ad
mirality; Lord Campbell, Chancellor of the Duchoy
oi Lancaster; Mr. Macauley, ray master General
; Viscount Morpeth. Chief Commissioner of Wood
and Forests; Marquis of Clanricarde, Post Master
General; Earl of Clarendon, President ot the Hoard
. of Trade; Sir John Hobhouse. President of the
Board of Control; .Mr. Labouchre, Chief Secretary
for Ireland. V
Not ipt the Cabinet. His Grace the Dake o
Wellington, Commander in Chief; Earl of Besbor
ough, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; Right Hon. R
L. Sheil, Master of the 3Iint; Mr. T. Milner Gibson
Vice President of the Board of Trade; Right Hon
. Fox Maule, Secretary at War; Mr. J. Jems, Attor
ney General; Mr. Romilly, Solicitor General; Mr
C. Butler, Judge Advocate ; Chief Baron Brady, Lord
Chancellor of Ireland; Mr. R. Moore, Q. C, Attor
ney General for Ireland; Mr. Monaghan, Solicitor
General for Ireland; Marquis of Anglosea, Master
General of the Ordinance; Colonel I ox. Surveyor
General of the Ordinance; Hon. Colonel Anson,
Clerk to Ordinance; Lord Clarence Puget, Secretary
to Ordinance; Messrs. J. rarson ana ll.:uanea
Junior Secretaries of the Treasury; Lord Ebrington,
Messrs? O'Connor Don and V. tyibson Craig, Junior
Lords of tho Treasury; II. G. Ware, Secretary of
the Admiralty; Vice Admiral Sir Win. Parker, Rear
Admiral J. W. D. Dundas.MIon. Capt. M. F F.
Berkeley, Capt. Lord John Hay, Hon. W. F. Cow
per, Junior Lords of the Admiralty ; Sir Wm. Soiner
ville, Under Secretary for the Home Department;
Right Jtion. .h. J. Stanley, Under Secretary for the
Foreign Department; Mr. M. B. Hawse, Under Sec
retary for tho Colonial.; Department; Mr. Reding
ton, Under Secretary for Ireland; Right Hon. G; S.
Byng and Mr. F. Wire, Secretaries to the Board of
Control; Mr. "Rutherford, Lord Advocate for Scot-
and; Mr. T. Maitland, Solicitor General for Scot-
Officers or Her Majesty's Household.
lis Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Master of the Horse;
Earl Spear, Lord Chamberlain; Lord Edward How-
I V 1L...I t.-l t . T 1 1 r : u
uru, nu viiumuc. mill , curl runortuc, uuiu uiu
Steward; Marquis of Anglosea, Gold Stick in Wait
ing; Lord Marcus Hill, Comptroller of the House-
ioId; LarivJermvn, Treasurer of the Household;
Ier Grace the Duchess of Sutherland, Mistress ot
The following very interesting sketch, concerning
tho New Ministry, we copy from the London Cor-
rsepondent of the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
Though but slight sketches, we believe them to bo
accurato in the main.
Lord John Russell, tho Premier, is a scion of the
ducal house of Bedford, ajnd has been about thirty
years before the public. He is petit in person but
not in mind. . 1 1 is tastes aro elegant and refined. At
tho commencement of life he flirted with the muses
and wrote a tragedy, with Don Carlos, son of Philip
II., as the hero, lie next applied himsclt to tho
graver matter of history, and chronicled tho " Han
overian succession." All his life he has been a re
former, and his name 19 particularly identified with
the Test and Corporation acts and the Ketorm bill.
His manners are mild, and his style of speaking im
pressive, though not always pleasing to the ear. On
reading his speeches, however, you are struck with
their dexterous formation; not a word would you de
sire to alter, and yet his lordship is not an orator.
The house invariably listens to him with profound
attention. He has managed to pass through politi
cal life without making a single personal enemy.
Lord Cottenham is Lord High Chancellor of Lng
land, the highest law officer in the realm, and vir-
tute officii. President of the House of Lords He
was Air. Pepys the direct descendant of Diary"
Pepys and held a high rank at the chancery bar.
Oa the formation ot the last Melbourne administra
tion, the vagaries of Lord Brougham rendered his
return to the woolsack impossible, and led to the el
evation of tho present distinguished chancellor. Men
ot all parties award mm the highest praise as a sound
lawyer and most able and upright mdge. He is not
a ready debater, and therefore is seldom found tak
ing a prominent part in the discussions of the house
The Marquis of Lansdownc, the President of the
Council, has been half a century before the public,
having held the office ot Chancellor ot tho hxche
quer in the administration of Charles James Fox.
He is the second son ot tlve great Larl ot Mielburne,
and was specially educated by that eminent states
man tor official life. His talents are ot the highest
Lord Viscount Palmerston is ah Irish peer, and
pretty well known throughout the world. He re
turns to his old place as Secretary for Foreign Af
fairs a tiger with teeth and claws drawn. The stu
pid Syrian war with which he involved the country
cannot easily bo forgotten or forgiven. It was a
dread of the noble lord's bellicose propensities which
frustrated the formation of a Russell cabinet when
Sir Robert Peel resigned in November last, Eari
Grey refusing to sit in the same cabinet with the no
ble lord a roreign Minister. 1 he pacitic relations
of this conntry with all powers render this objection
of no importance now, beyond its moral bearing, and
therefore the two noble lords are in the same boat.
Lord Palmerston is a very able statesman, an elo
quent speaker, nowerful iii debate, keen in wit, re
solute in judgment, and most industrious in office.
He has held power under some eight or ten ndminis
trations, of every shade of opinion, and may be fair
ly said to have boxed the political compass.
Earl Grey is ths Secretary for the Colonics, and is
better known by the junior title of Lord Howick.
He is the eldest son of the memorable Earl Grey,
and shares in no mean degree, the rare abilities of
that departed greatness. His temper is irate, but
his judgement sound. ' His present place is one that
will require all the attention of his vigorousjind,
for of late the colonies have been most miserably
The Earl of Minto is the Lord Privy Seal, a kind
of half sinecure cabinet office. His lordship is the
father-in-law of the Premier, and held office as First
Lord of the Admiralty in the lubt whig administra
tion. Sir George Grey is Home Secretary, and this is a
startling appointment. Ho has held minor offices in
the previous whig governments, but gave no indica
tion of great political sagacity to entitle him to his
present high post. He may therefore be looked
upon as an untried man, and his elevation be regard
ed as an experiment. He has a talent for smartness
in debate but personalities are' dangerous play
words, and ought to be eschewed, if he intends to
have any peace at his present post.
The financo minister, the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, is Mr. Charles Wood, the brother-in-law of
Earl Grey. He is a man of splendid abilities, pos
sesses an extraordinary memory, and is sufficiently
eloquent to be interesting. He has also what may
be termed a passion for figures, and much ft expected
of him. He was Secretary to the Admiralty in a pre
vious Whig ministry, and therein displayed remarka
ble talents. All his energies will be required to find
a substitute for the income tax, should his party con
tinue in offico up to the time when that law will de
termine two years hence. There is plenty of time
to look about him, and at the present moment there
is a surplus of two millions sterling in the treasury.
The amiable and accomplished: Lord Morpeth
holds office as chief commissioner of woods and for
ests, an important office, for which his proverbial
urbanity renders him eminently qualified.' This no
ble lord is so well known in the United States an
orator and a gentleman, that eulogy or description
would be supeiogatory. ' v
Mr. Macauleyj Ptr,Kthe most eloquent speaker
in the Common s uf ymaster of the forces, an
office of minor chr ,f and not commensurate
with hi high mental ,ibra. ' '
. The important function of Postmaster General
I have been entrusted to the Marquis of Clanricarde,
an Irish nobleman of considerable attainments, and
food debater. He is a thorough man of busi-
net9ad it is to be hoped that under his regimd the
celebrated Rowland Hill, Ihe originator of that mag
nificent reform, the penny post, wjll be restored to
nis piace in ineomce, iorine purpvec ui FUfcumcuu
ing and working out the details of his grand and en
lightened scheme. ' '
i The Ex-Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord Camp
bell, occupies the rather humble station of Chancel
lor of the Duchv of Lancaster. He possesses vast ju
dicial abilities, and it is to be deplored that they are
thus lost to tho country, his office not being con
nected with the bench. He is the author of the
ives of the Lord Chancellors," and is the first com
mon law oracle of the day. The appointment adds
strength to the cabinet a small place being occupi
ed by a giant intellect. His lordship was formerly
t . I
a reporter on tho Morning Uhronicie, ana poBsesseu
no interest to elevate him but his personal merits,
indomitable energy, and general ability.
The Board of Trade will be presided over oy me
Earl of Clarendon, a diplomatist of high pretensions,
and a most haDDv selection for this office. He is the
eldest brother of Mr. Villers, the well known mem
ber of the Leagues. His lordship was always a free
trader, and the good cause could not, by any possi
bility have been entrusted to safer or better hands.
I hold this to be the most important of the appoint
ments. . "
The Earl of Aukland goes to the Admiralty as first
lord. He has fine administrative talent, and showed
himself to be powerful in council when he was Gov
ernor General of India, notwithstanding the mishaps
of the Affghanistan war.
There is one black sheep in this political flock
Sir John Cam Hobbhouse, who is at the head of the
Board of Control of India Affairs. Tho papers are
unanimous in condemning this appointment, and
they are right, for his last occupancy of the same
post was a perfect and disgraceful failure. He is
indolent, proud, austere, ana carries away at a sit
ting four bottles beneath his belt. A drinking man
never can make a good public servant, or gather
even any private repute. Sir John b a renegade in
politics, and tho most unpopular man ot tne day.
The Judge Advocate is Mr. Charles Butler, a wit,
an orator, and a barrister of sterling judgment. The
appointment is particularly pleasing to tho popular
Mr. Benjamin Hawes, the member for Lambeth,
is another contribution from the democracy, and he
has received the under secretaryship of the Colonies.
He is at the head of a large soap manufactory, and
has distinguished abilities for the detail of parliamen
Mr. Shicl, the brilliant Irsh orator, and the co
laborer of O'Connell, for Catholic emancipation, is
Master of the Mint. This gentleman is too well
known to requiro further notice.
The Attorney General is Sir Thomas Wilde, who
is at the head of his profession. The Solicitor Gen
eral is Mr. Jervis, a very amiablo and excellent man.
The law offices could not have been better bestow
ed. 9 4 !"v '
We come now to the Irish appointments at least
to those which are the principal ones. The Earl of
Besborough is the Lord Lieutenant, and Mr. La
bouchere the Chief Secretary. The noble peer was
Lord Duncannon, and when in office under the whig
cabinet of yore, was known for his liberal opinions
and business tact. He is an Irishman, and that fact
may have some influence on popular feeling in Ire
land, as the Lord Lieutenant hitherto, at least for
three or four administrations, have been all English
men. Mr. Labouchere was Vice President of the
Board of Control, and tho Chief Secretaryship of
Ireland must be considered a rather retrogade offi
cial movement; but the difficulties in Irish rule has
induced the cabinet not to trust the principal office
there to any 'prentice hands a most wise resolve.
But both of these appointments must be considered
as great experiments.
An Irishman is to bo Lord Chancellor of Ireland
the Chief Baron Brady; and Mr. Pigott, also an
Irishman, will take his lordship's place as Chief
Judge of the Irish Court of Exchequer. Mr. Moore
and Monaghan, two distinguished members of the
Irish bar,' will be the Attorney and Solicitor General
for Ireland. , ;
I find that in looking over my list of the Cabinet,
I have forgotten to mention the Marquis of Angle
sea, as Master General of tho Ordnance. This well
kno.vn, dashing soldier commanded tho cavalry at
Waterloo, and left a leg upon the field. He is well
calculated for his post. ,J
Lord John Russell had been re-elected for the city
of London almost without opposition.
An English paper of July speaks of his lordship as
a most capable minister, from his 'well known char
acter worthy of every confidence, i
Lord Palmerston, even before the disclosures in
tho celebrated Portolio, was , considered one.of the
first diplomatic statesmen in Europe.
It is remarked of the new Whig Cabinet, that it
stands without a parallel in intellectual power, and
that as orators in Parliament, none exceeded the
powers of Lord John Russell, Lord Palmerston, the
Earl of Clarendon, Macauley, Sheil, Hobhouse,
Butler,' Ward, Wood,' Jervis, Fox Maule, Stanley,
Morpeth and Milner Gibson.
A ..... - -
Lord Cottenham, as the occupant of tho Wool
sack, is spoken of as the " wisest and best of men,
and, in short, even the appointments for Ireland, for
the first time for many years, seem to have given gen
Sir Robert and other members of the late Cabinet
are spoken of with great respect. - 4
Several addresses have been presented to Sir Rob
ert Peel; on bis retirement from office, 'thanking
him for his great services to the commercial interests
by passing the Corn and Tariff bills, and by the set
tlement of the Oregon question. ; ;,' . ;
' Mr. Macauley has said The first fruits of our
entrance upon a sound system of trade, is that trea
ty which has averted war between two kindred na
tions, and which will, I trust, lead them henceforth
to have no other object in dispute, than anemula
tion which of the two great branches of the great
British family will do most to extend the blessings
orcixihzatioo, of liberty, and of good government
throughout the world
The' London fire insurance companies had lost
jEtOO.OOQ by a great fire in New Foundland.
:.A vast number of English railway companies were
about to tnake immediate application to the Vice
Chancellor for the return off deposits. - ' '
A mine of antimony has been discovered in Ayr
shire, at New Camnock the only one in Great Bri
tain containing a great admixture of copperas and
arsenic . ' '.'!" ,; ' '';.
Gen. Lbrd George Russell, a brother of Lord John
Russell, died at Geneva 16th July aged 57.. .
The British Parliament was expected to continue
in session till the end of August' 1
At a court held at Buckingham Palace, on the 6th
of July, present the Queen's Most Excellent Majet
ty in Council, the Duke of Bedford and the Right
Honorable Charles Wood were sworn in as metnbors
of the Privy Council; the new Secretaries of State
took their oaths, and most of the new appointments
On the evening of the 12th of June, the theatre of
Quebec was destroyed by fire, and an immense num
ber of lives lost. , ' '
Failure at Hamburg. Messrs. Hinck &
Co. engaged in the Mexican and South American
tiado. Liabilities from 250,000 to 400,000.
Spain appears to be concentrating a pretty
strong naval force in the Gulf; tho arrival of seve
ral vessels of war have been noticed of late.
THE "POLYNESI A N.
HONOLULU. SATURDAY, JAN. 16. 1347,
; ' Oregon. , .
.We are indebted to Captain Molt, of H. B. Co.'s
bark Vancouver, for a file of the Oregon Spectator
o Nov. 12th. By it we learn that the Toulon hence
arrived in 21 days. She was to go up the Willa
mette, and would not leave for some time. ' ..
A salute of 21 guns was fired at Oregon city on
the reception of the news of the Oregon Treaty.
II. B. M.'s S. Modeste was to remain in the river
during the winter1 . '' , i,
Tho Vancouver brings about fifty bis. flour an ar--'
ticle much needed. The numerous men-of-war in
the .Pacific bid fair to eat us ' out of - house and
home." ,,,- v ."
The Spectator advises Mr. Kamehameha, our
friend, with a hard name, who owns a few spots of
earth down south there in the Pacific, to sell out,
shut up shop, come up here, and become a natural
ized citizen, and. see how wo do things for the bene
fit of humanity. , I' Thank you kindly, Sirs. Mr. Ka
mehameha prefers his sunny skies and balmy cli
mate to the fogs of Oregon and its fever and ague.
When you can get up anything to take the shine off
of our volcano, we . may give "you a call. In the,
mean time send us more flour and lumber and take
away our sugar and co.Tee. A fair exchange is no
robbery. ' " ' . .
We copy the particulars of the loss of the U. S. S.
Shark in a letter from Captain Ilowison, published in
the Oregon Spectator, of the 12th Nov.
Fort Vancouver, Sept. 15, 1846.
Dear Sir, You have doubtless heard of the
fate of the hapless Shark swept to destruction
by the overwhelming strength of the tide, for
the want of thorough acquaintance with which,
I did not make due allowance. Instead of setting
along the channel, as I supposed it vbuld, its direc
tion was eomewhatto the eastward of south, so that
when I hauled on the wind to pass to sea, it forced
me down on the south, breakers; in vain she wai
tacked to the northward; the tide "bung on the
weather bow and brought the breakers on the mid
dle sand directly ahead from these we tacked
again to the southward, but finding that we were
hurried rapidly to leeward, an anchor was let go
but it did not hold a moment, the chain snapping off
like a packthread. We stood back to the north
ward, losing , ground ' all the time, under the influ
ence of the rapid tide : once more; her head was put
to the westward, and a favorable change of. wind
excited high hopes of passing; safely - out, but the
next moment from 3 fathoms she struck violently on
a bank of 10 feet, and remained immoveable, pros
trating every hope of rescue. I attempted then, by
a press of sail, to force her in the direction of the
tide, which ran by us with the velocity of a mill
tace; but although her head swung in that direction,
she did not advance an inch, but rose and fell with
the sea, which immediately began to break over her
broadside, and told us plainly that she would float
over it no more. , Every preparation' was instantly
made to get out the boats, and the gig being first in
tho water, was loaded with tho sick, the purser and
doctor, with the ship's papers and other valuable,
with a view of despatching her at once to the 6hore;
but sho swamped alongsido, and the officers could
only got back on board by being hauled in. Finding
that no boat could then live alongside, nothing more
could be done than await the abatement of the
breakers, which were rolling upon us with terrific vi
olence. About 11 o'clock, P. M., she had five feet
water in the hold; the flood tide set in the other
boats were got out and loaded with as -many men
as they could safely, carry, and despatched to Clat
sop shore, with orders to return again on the ebb, to
relieve those who remained on board: , After the
boats left the masts were cut away, and before 1.
A. M., we were completely water-logged. Lieut.
Schenck, Midshipman Davidson, and 21 men re
mained with me on the wreck the flood tide gradu
ally crowding us into narrow limits, until the bow
sprit and two quarter-deck bouses were the only
habitable spots on board, and these were frequently
washed by the heavy swell., Each man was secured
to the vessel by a cord passed around him a pre
caution which may have1 saved some lives foj
towards daylight, the surf began again to set in
heavily the boats however soon came off. and
were soon relieved from our perilous situation. Th
conduct of the officers and men during the whole o