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open a new office shortly in some more commodious
N. B. The amiability of all wives guaranteed,
if required, on payment of one shilling extra.
Con Cotton." Talking of cotton, a discovery
has been made, which, if war ie rendered fashion
able by French and Spanish alliances, will afford an
opening for a large consumption of the article, to
the exclusion of villanous saltpetre.' One Schon
bein, found out that cotton possessed an explosive
power, and has communicated his discovery to the
world; but will not wear his laurela, or rather his
cotton cap, in peace. Numerous other scientific
men heve put forward claims to the invention the
discovery, and there is not a day passes without the
publication of some of the experiments undertaken
by Schonbein's competitors or their friends and pa
trons. In India you have so many tavant and so
much cotton, that it will be agreeable to you to be
informed of a few of the experiments and the man
ner of them; and it will be equally agreeable to us on
on this side of the water, to hear that you have elic
ited some new facts bearing upon this very interest
ing affair. It is not forgotten that electricity gained
something by the experiments of your O'Shaugnessy.
M. Morel, a mechanical engineer of Paris, pre
. sented a box of cartridges ready prepared for small
arms. Burned on the hand it causes no sensible
pain, leaves no stain, and produces no smoke.
Dipped in water and pressed, and afterwards dried
between two leaves of blotting paper, it preserves
its fulminating properties. General Gourgaud fired
a charge of fulminating cotton from an ordinary
fowling-piece, at a distance of forty yards from
the object at which he aimed. He tired a holster
p:stol at a distance of 25 yard?, and a pocket pistol
at a distance of ten yards. At forty yards a ball from
the fowling-piece traersed a plank of beech of 0.35
centimetres thickness; at 25 yards the ball from the
holster pistol lodged in the plank without perforating
it; the ball from the pocket pistol made the same
impression on the plank as that which might have
been produced by a charge of ordinary gunpowder.
The charge of fulminating cotton leaves scarcely
any residue in the barrel. The recoil of the gun is
extremely slight, and the report is not louder than
that of a large detonating cap. M. Chodsko, a Pol
ish refugee, likewise presented a fulminating sub
stance which has the appearance of cotton, and
which was tried with an artillery musketoon, fired
at forty yards. The ball produced the same effect
as that fired by fulminating cotton, bat it left a con
siderable deposit in the barrel. The cotton powder
ofM. Chodsko was compressed into a wadding in
order to charge the gun, whilst the fulminating cot
ton was not. Both materials ignite by the blow of
a hammer on an anvil, but not by the blow of a ham
mer on wood.'
' In juxtaposition with these experiments, it will
be interesting to place some which were recently
made in the grounds of Mr. Barron of Stanmore,
under Professor Schonbeins superintendence. Pre
viously to trying its powers with fire-arms, the pro
fessor made several experiments to show its explo
sive properties and perfect combustion. He placed
some gun-cotton upon a heap of the strongest and
most easily ignited sporting gunpowder. The cot
ton was then fired by heated platinum wire; and, al
though there were innumerable points of contact be
tween the cotton and the powder, the former explod
ed so instantaneously as to leave the gunpowder un
etploded. The gun-cotton explodes at about 400
degrees of Fahrenheit, with a vividness of flame
which is perfectly dazzling leaving scarcely any re
sidue behind. It has been stated that no smoke is
emitted : this is erroneous. A slight smoke, or rath
er vapour, is thrown off; but it so soon disappears as
to occasion no inconvenience. After repeated ex
plosions of the cotton, the room in which the expe
riments were conducted was perfectly clear. It is
difficult to over-estimate the advantages attendant
upon the use of the gun-cotton in mines; since the
smoke proceeding from the coarse gun-powder used
for blasting purposes occasions so much annoyance
and injury to the health of the miners. The experi
ments in'blasting, tried in the Cornwall mines a short
time ago, were most satisfactory and conclusive in
favor of the gun-cotton. Another of its strange
aualities consists in its not being deteriorated by
amp or wet. Some gun-cotton which has been
steeped in water for sixty hours, and dried by ex
posure to the air, exploded with the same facility,
and as instantaneously, as cotton which had not
been wetted. Professor Schonbein stated that im
mersion in water for two months has not impaired
its explosive qualities in the slightest degree. The
experiments with fowling-pieces and rifles were
highly interesting and satisfactory. A gun charged
with thirty grains of prepared cotton propelled an
equal charge of shot with greater force and precision,
at a distance of forty yards, than was done by the
same gun loaded with a hundred and twenty grains
of gunpowder. A rifle charged with fifty four and a
half grains of gunpowder sent a ball through seven
hoards half an inch in thickness, and at a distance of
forty yards ; the same rifle charged with forty
grains of gun-cotton propelled the ball into the
eighth board. Another rifle, which had been used
for elephant shooting, and consequently carried a
much larger ball, charged with forty grains of gun
eotlon, propellad a ball through eight boards at a
distance of ninety yards. In no case was the dis
charge accompanied by a greater recoil than usual;
and the reports were not louder than those accom
panying the discharge of guns and rifles loaded with
gunpowder. - A hundredweight of the gun-cotton is
on its way from Basle to Woolwich, having been or
dered by government with the view of testing its ap
plicability to heavy ordoance. Professor Schonbein
states that the manufacture of the gun-cotton is un
attended by risk, and that it can be effected in the
short space of eight hours, and at a less cost than
gun-powder. If these statements should turn out to
be correct, the adoption of the gun-cotton will fol
low as a matter of course.
Punishment or a Scicidi. The following
story is told of a member of the Indiana Legislature,
who is the butt of his associates on account of his
ignorance. Opposite the member at a table, sat a
sinful wag, who after leaning forward, and saying
something about revising the laws, asked him very
gravely Mr., what, in your opinion ought
to be dene with a man who would deliberately com
mit suicide ?" The learned law maker clapped his
hands upon his cranium to support his brain while
he was resolving this intellectual difficulty, and
wisely replied, ' Why, Sir, I'd go for making the
rascal pay five hundred dollars to the state, and
marry the girl J
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1847.
Hilo, Hawaii. From our corTfanon1n m
lo, we learn that a fine schooner, called the Honolii,
belonging to Mr. J. N. Moore, was launched at Ho
nolii, in January last, and that there have been two
fires at Hilo, destroying from $3000 to $4000 the
last supposed to be the work of an incendiary.
Okiia e ke Kiaaina o Maui.
Ma Lahaina i ka la 20 o Feberuari, 1847, ua okiia
o Joseph Almy ke kau , a Kahue, a ua kaawale laua
mai ko laua mare ana.
In ship Xylon, for California Mrs. Millington, captain's la
dy, and Messrs. J. B. McClurg and C. Lalren.
M A H IN E JOURNAL.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
February 20. Am bark Hamilton, Babcock. Bag Harbor, 17
months, 11(10 whale.
Brem ship Averick Hcnnikin, Rnunscville, Bremen, 19 mos.,
2100 whale. '
23. In offliug and sniled same day, whale ships Amazon and
India, from Maui.
8 A 11. K T .
Feb. 21. Am ship Xylon, Millington, for Shu Francisco.
Fr. brig Edouard M.trln, of Bordeaux, for THhlti and Valpa
raiso. Rus. Am. Co.'s bark Alexander, for Sitka.
Shipwrkck. The American whale ship Heroine, of Fair
Haven, dipt. West, was wrecked on Palmerwton Island in Oc
tober last. Plie had on board 1000 barrels of oil, 300 bhls. of
which was saved. Only one man was lost, although the vex
sel went ashore in the nieht. The officers and crew were tak
en olT by the Alert, Captain Middleton, of New London, and
carried to the Bay of Islands, N. Z., Dec. 1.
PORT OF LAHAINA.
February IS. Am ship India, Fisher, New Bedford. 18 mos,
250 sperm, 17.ri0 whale.
lb Am bark Globe, West, Mystic, 15 months, 21 sperm,
19. Am ship Edward Carey, Saver, Nantucket, 16 mouths,
125 sperm, 1210 whale.
2'). Am ship John Jay. Howard. Kng Harbor, no report.
21. Am ship Philip 'Tabb, Jolls, Warren, 17 months, 23
sperm, 500 whale.
THE public are hereby cautioned against tens
ing, purchasing or in any way occupying any
part of the C9tate of the late Oliver Holmes, of Ho
nolulu, as there are several of the heirs of the said
Holmes who intend petitioning the Court in Chan
cery for a partition of said estate ns soon as the
Board of Commissioners to cjuiet land titles have
disposed of the same, it having been referred to
them for this purpose some time since.
Persons disregarding this notice, and leasing or
occupying any part of said estate, under authoriza
tion of any one of the heirs of said Holmes, separ
ately, do so at their peril, and are hereby so notifi
ed. JOHN. R. JASPER, Attorney for
Robert G. Davis.
Honolulu, Feb. 27, 1847. f 27 2t
BYRON'S DAY, Hilo, Hawaii, dealer in
Ship Chandlery, General Merchandise, Ha
waiian Produce, and all kinds of supplies usually re
quired by vessels recruiting at these Islands.
Large quantities of fire wood on hand, and for
sale at $6 per cord. Fresh beef supplied when de
manded, and timber for repairs to be had at all
Wanted Bills of Exchange on the United
States, England and Europe, for which money will
be advanced on the most reasonable terms.
FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE,
BRAKE'S History of North American Ind
ians, numerous plates, $3 50; Condition and
Fate of England, 2 vols., C. Lester, $2; Glory and
Shame of England, 2 vols., C. Lester, $2; Green
how's Oregon, with map, $2; Gray's Botanical Text
Book, $2 Whatley's Logic, $1; Whatley's Rheto
ric, $1; Beroaldi de Felicitate Opusculanum, a Lat
in work, printed in 1495, $2 50; Book of Common
Prayer, plates, Si 50, &c, &c. f 27 tf
THE undersigned have entered into a Co-partnership
at this place, under the firm of R. VI-
DA fo VON PFISTER. for the purpose of carrying
on the Ship Chandlery and Commission Busi
ness, at the store on the beach, next to that occu
pied by Mr. Peter Corney.
V J F. RODRIGUEZ DE VIDA,
E. H. VON PFISTER.
Honolulu, Feb. 24, 1847. f 27 tt
R. VIDA & VON PFISTER,
WILL keep constantly on hand a general as
sortment of Ship Chandlery, Provisions, &c,
usually required for whale ships touching at this
port for recruits; and will supply them at the low
est market prices for cash or Bills of Exchange on
the United States, England and France. f 27tf
HOUSE FRAME FOR SALE.
THE subscriber offers for sale the complete
frame of a thatched house, as it now stands on
his premises in the valley of Nuuanu. The building
is 30 by 22 feet, with verandas 6 1-2 feet wide on
all Bides; it contains six sash windowa and six doors,
moveable frame partitions, &c, &c.
1 27 St WILLIAM PATY.
CO LAFRENZ, Cabinet Maker, having gone
to California, to return in a few months,
gives notice to his patrons that his business will be
carried on as heretofore, at his warehouse, in his
name, by his brother. f27tf
R. VIDA AVON PFISTER,
OFFER for sale on liberal terms, beef, pork,
molasses, sugar, cordage, canvas, coffee and
a general assortment of Ship Chandlery. f 27 tf
HENDERSON A CAMPBELL,
SXK o b Oa sx aa O ax a a a a a
Thomas Henderson, ) .. . , ...
James Campbell, 5 nnol
VRooms over the retail store of E. & II. Grimes,
corner of Broadway and Fort sts.
NEW ROOKS !
JUST received per Xtlon, and for sate by
CHARLES E. HITCHCOCK, at the Polyne
Prescott's Conquest of Mexico, 3 vols. 8 vo,
Niehbur's History of Rome, 2 vols, 8 vo,
Ranke's of the Popes, 2 vols. 8 vo,
WraxalPs Historical Memoirs, 1 vol. 8 vo,
Walpole's New Letters to H. Mann, 2 vol. 8 vo,
" Mem. of Reign of Geo. 111,2 vols. 8v,
Mill's Crusades of Chivalry, 2 vols. 8 vo,
The Queens of England, 8 vols. 12 vo,
Boz's Works complete, 7 vols. 8 vo, ex, cboth,
Cooper's Works 47 vols. 12 mo. paper,
And a great variety of Standard Miscellaneous
Books, cheap Novels, &c, &c.
PROPER application having been made to the
undersigned for the appointment o( a guar
dian over the minor children of Antonio Sam, lately
deceased, notice is hereby given to all whom it may
concern, that the 3d day of March next, at 10
o'clock, A. M., is assigned as a day of hearing for
such purpose. WILLIAM L. LEE,
Dated Honolulu. Feb. 16, 1847. f 20 2t
NOTICE is hereby given to all whom it may
concern, that it is the intention of the under
signed to apply to William L. Lee, one of the
Judges of Oahu, on the 10th day of March next, at
10 o'clock, A. M., for probate of the lost will and
testament of Antonio Sam, now deceased.
Dated Honolulu, 17tb Feb., 1847. f 20 2t
TO SELL OR LET.
The HOUSE and premises lately oc
cupied by Captain Nye, in Nuuanu
Valley. For further particulars apply
to the Agents of the Hudson Bay
E. & II. GRIMES.
OFFER for sale the following assortment of
New Goods, at low prices, received by late
arrivals from Boston, suitable for the Islands, Ore
gon or California Markets.
Sheetings nnd shirting, stripes, tickings,
Ain. and Eng. prints, long cloths, balzorines,
Pantaloon and coat stuffs, &c. Sec.
Boiled linseed oil, spts. turpentine, blk. varnish,
Seidlitz powders, sup. carb. soda, crm. of tartar,
Bath tubs, white lead, paint brushes,
Black paint, chrome yellow, green paint,
Venetian red, &c, &c, &c.
Superior snuff in bottles, starch, cloves,
Mace, pimento, pepper, Cayenne, salseratus,
Ground ginger, cigars, shot, Stoughton's elixir,
Assorted sauces, fancy soap,
Copper, double and single blocks, mast hoops,
Belaying pins, 1 iron pump, coal tar, pitch,
Rosin, tarred cordage, Manila cordage,
Marlin spikes, caulking irons, ship's scrapers,
Twine, signal and other lanterns,
Horse, shoe, deck, scrub, dust, cloth, hair,
Shaving, house, and other brushes, hand brooms,
Calf boots, men's thick boots, slippers,
Childrens' shoes, valiccs, bridles, umbrellas,
Superior made, for seamen and native wear,
Blue twilled flannel shirts, plaid shirts, check do,
Trowsers, frock coats, linen trowsers, &c., &c.
Nests tin pails, pint cup, 2 to 8 qt. pans,
Sailors' Dots, Britannia tumblers,
Iron shovels, steel do., iron spades,
Iron and brass wire seives, hairdo., Hunt's axes,
Brads, copper and iron tacks, scissors, chisels,
Drawing knives, epoke shaves, mortice chisels,
Screw and spring braces with bitts, augurs,
Hammers, gimlets pit saws, files, anvils, vices,
Wrought nails, finishing do., hinges,
Japan tea trays, log glasses, latches,
London pins, gouges, trace and fluke chains.
Rules, assorted cut nails, bread trays,
Iron spoons, gridirons, razor straps, &c, &c.
Also. A complete assortment of Statione
ry, jy 23
THE subscribers have this day entered into a
co-partnership, under the firm of HENDER
SON & CAMPBELL,
Honolulu, Feb. 1, 1847. f6 tf
HENDERSON & CAMPBELL
RESPECTFULLY inform the public that
they have opened a tailoring establishment in
this town, where they are now prepared to execute
orders in every branch of that trade.
They have just received an assortment of Cloths,
Cassimeres and vestings; also, a very superior arti
cle of Cashmere Cloths, suitable for riding habits,
fee, &c. f6 tf
PROPOSALS will be received at the estab
lishment of C. W. Vincent, until Saturday, the
20th instant, for furnishing 4,000 Coral Stones, to
be delivered on the ground selected by him.
Proposals for laying the walls of a stone building.
For further particulars inquire of
f6 3t C. W. VINCENT.
C4IX Journeymen Carpenters, at C. W. VIN
f3 CENT'S, to whom constant employment and
the highest wages will be given. None but good
workmen need apply. fS tf
First rate instrument for sale. For terms ap
ply to E. H. BOARDMAN.
n 21 tf
LANK BILLS OF
Sale at the Polynesian Office.
REGULAR PACKET FOR LAHAINA.
The clipper schooner KAMEHAME
IIA III., Captain Antonia, having
fine accommodations, will run regular
ly between this port and Lahaina, ex
cept wnen required on His Majesty's service.
Her days of departure from Honolulu, as near as
can be calculated upon, will be Tuesdays and Satur
days, at 5, P. M.; from Lahaina, Monday and Fri
day evenings. She will carry mails and take freight
Apply to Captain on board or to J. PIIKOL
Honolulu, Oct 10, 1846. tf
I a makemake kahi e kaai moku er
helc m.i i ke Kuluna waiwai e oleic
PU. Eia na mcrku tuaL n IIOOIICAI.
KA, o PHA, in MOKU OLA,
Honolulu Hale, 14 Nove., 1846.
FOUR good houses in the enclosure for
merly occupied by Capt. Adams. They are
well adapted for single gentlemen arc in a quiet
part of the village, and will be let at a reasonable
rent if applied for soon. A good Cook House and
Bathing House are attached. Apply to
G. RHODES & CO.
May 9 1846.
IN CHANCERY. Order No. 15.
In the matter of the Estate of Wm. French
and F. J. Grcenway.
PURSUANT to the petition of John Ricord,
Esq., Curator of said estate, accompanied
with full detailed accounts of his transactions, and
of the transactions of the receivers, Messrs. George
Pclly, William Paty and William French; together
with an inventory of the residuary assets due by
this court to William French, the sole reversionary
creditor, estimated in the gross, according to said
French's appraisement at $64,017 50; and accord
ing to the appraisement of Messrs. Pelly and Paty,
receivers, at $14,254 00 :
It is ordered that aniens good, Icgat and satisfac
tory cause to the contrary bo shown to tho under
signed at his chambers on or before the Fourth day
of March next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., the said re
maining assets do revert to the said William French ,
free and clear of alt incumbrances, claims and de
mands of all persons tip to that date, other than
those expressly created by order of this court and
shown in Exhibit I. of the Curator's report this day
submitted : that thereafter all persons be forever
barred fi om setting up such unasserted claim, and
that the said curator nnd receivers finally releas
ed, acquitted and discharged from all further ac
countability in the matter of said estate.
Done at my Chambers in Honolulu, this 9th day
of February, 1847.
fl3 3t ' LORRIN ANDREWS,
ALL persons having claims on Mr. Robert Boyd,
are requested to hand them to the undersigned
for settlement, on or before the 1st of March next;
and all persons indebted to the said Mr. Robert
Boyd, are respectfully requested to settle the same
on or before the time above named.
JAMES BASTIAN, Attorney at Law.
Honolulu, Feb. 3, 1847. f6 4t
EVERETT & CO. have taken the store and
premises lately occupied by the Agents of the
Hudson's Bay Co., where they offer, at wholesale
and retail, a good assortment of American and
European Goods. jy 16 tf
BY the Hudson's Bav Co.'s bark Vancouver,
and for sale by their Agents, GEORGE PEL
LY & GEORGE T. ALLAN,
36 bbls. salt Pork, 30 do Beef,
82 " Salmon, 50 Flour. jy 16 tf
FOR SALE CHEAP. The Chronometer
lately belonging to the schooner Kamehame
ha III. A first rate instrument. Inquire of
jy 16 tf EVERETT & CO,
BY The Hudson's Bay Co.'s bark Columbia,
and for siile by their Agents, GEORGE PEL
LY & GEORGE T.' ALLAN,
1476 bbls prime Salmon, 80 half do. do.,
5 M. Pine Shingles, 222 1-4 Cedar do.,
14 bbls salted Beef, 6 do do Pork. d26 tf
DR. O. WATSON,
RESPECTFULLY offers his Professional
services to the public generally. OrriCE,
next door to C. Brewer Si Co.'e, where may be found
a general assortment of Drugs and Medicinet, Per
fumes, Fancy Soaps, &c. Residence, with Capt.
J. O. Carter, opposite the Polynesian Office.
Honolvlu, Jan. 1, 1847. isly.
SUGAR AND MOLASSES.
THE subscriber is constantly making, and'has
on hand, a superior quality of molasses and
brown sugar, for sale cheap for cash or approved
credit. Apply to WM. A. McLANE, or to
jy 9 J. T. COWER.
Makawao, Maui, Jan. 9, 1846. ly
Bbls. Salt, 12,000 mat Bags, by
BEEF and pork, casks, barrels, shoots, where
boats, spades, lances, whale irons, peas,
beans, sad irons, arrow root, crosscut and pit saws,
coffee, vinegar, dried apples, whale fines, bedsteads,
work tables, chairs, sarsaparilla syrup, rice, sosp.
1 hand cart, syrup, molasses, sugar, &c, &c.
The above for sate by
jy 23 E. & H. GRIMES.
AWAIIAN COFFEE, in canvas bags.
tor sare at the Government store. ri3 tf
FOR sale at the Government Store House, by
nl4 tf JONA PIIKOL