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fHE POLYNESIAN; . Journal of th Hawaiian Government, bed weekly at Honolulu, Oihu, II. I. jUlES J. JARVES, EDITOR. ' " ' TERMS. . n anncm, ia adranc, ....... t( 00 50 12i .a months, ia advance, - i't ntrs -of AdvertWinr. .Je rj 6 lioeaJT firl iasertton, l,00, each con '",';c.i"on'h1' qr (S lines or lew), first m W el- '' continuance I2 ct.; Cards.no '"fTi, fifrtdi5 aalfaquare, by the year, 6,00; ttfl' - l ir cxnan. t J. V-) erT aaverUkin; limited to Uie ad- harness. r'w rfc lirrt-Jie"- Twenty-fiaJWti per line, for r4 B ' ani one-fourth cents for each Cae auTertisers are required to pay in advance. CHARLES ET HITCHCOCK, PRINTER. ty Agent f of ttu Polytutian. . .11. H. . Swiaioa- BaTO,- - G. D. Jarve 4c C Lvcrtt ColUe. Mojrtiti, J. II. Uleaaon. C. W. VINCENT, 1LDER, CARPENTER AND JOIN- TR, prepared to receive proposils for eie- ,idtn in euner orau oi me aoove oruicnes In, at his old atafid, in Honolulu. Contract. bo favor him itn proposals may oe assured oi jaint J:at .attention to the same, and that his aiiti will alvays be upon terms as reasonable M, be oVained at any otber establishment. Ilis trf for building are unsurpassed, ana nis wont- t .1.- CM. a ! .. . . A mm MiArlr .ntril.l. Ia C1T, mil be warranted to luiiy meet nis odu- 30 . ... . r V. has in connection with with his other a Urge supply of very superior California, a!ti River and American Lumber, suitable for -inches of building, which will be disposed of on iile terms. r a, a Urge lot of ready made doortdoor frames, . f.imes, sash, blinds, &c, &c,4o iahich he e'ea the attention of the public. " 5. Coral Stoae ill be furnished, if required, ninduicntU low to ensure satisfaction. Z. BEST & CO., , P'JSE CARPE.EKS, woul respect 1 fulv luform their fffends and the public that , orenared to execute orders in their business i jrwiico, workmanlike manner, at the shortest ', nod on the most reasonaoie terms, 'ii- a-e prepared at all times to contract for iic. and persons entrusting work to their care - y-li assure J that it will be executed in a man. i ensure entire satisfaction, as ihej are enabled ieixl to it personallr. . aber -and buildin materials supplied at the tA market prices. nwrican manuUctureiMUasD, uurnu uu uwt ' or hand and for sle i orders promptly executed rny29 ly SAMUEL feAWftOff, pV would inform the public, that he hasestablish LiSid himself ia Honolulu for the purpose of car- l-jr on lhe business oi repairing uu t;icuig k'fes. Clocks, and tine Jt"LLRt. lit Sis lately received superior setts fc tools ol oi Mt approved styles ana linwn, ana ne nopes tr assiduous, endeavors to please, and pupctu ,o executingirders, to merit a share df public iiiaje.' j r uU a rreat varietf of lunetts. plain and jle flint glasses, watch springs, chaina, verges, .&e. "." , Shop directly opposite the -residence or Dr. A.- . s' my 22 ly NATIONAL HOUSE. (X-H JAMES F. LEWIS would re j A spectfdlly inform the residents of VjlllLr Honolulu and others vi.-iting this h- rbDlaeeu tbffhe has opened the above el Howe in the -aw building recently erected rli street leading to Nuuanu Vai?ey. Thi house is commodious and airy and is fitted np kgant etyle. a choicest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars con n r on hand. .! furd Table and Bowling Alleys attached. TIIE ' BLONDE. JOSEPH BOOTH, Proprietor and keeper of the above named House, would notify strangers and the public renerallv. that the "rood cheer" Re ner endeavored to accommodate them with will ujiv provided for the future. Superior ines, Tiw'us and Malt Liquors, excellent cigars andVan "Hiplisbed barkeeper, he hopes will insure him -oitmuinee of that patronage he has ever en tared to deserve. Ti uol eveninV amusements will be continued heretofore, snd all are invited to participate in "a. Gambling, quarreling and fighting are abso- I'.ly prohibited mjzz ly. THE, TELEGRAPH. WJL Mr DUFF ft HULL, take tins f? method of returning thanks Jo their nu t',JJ 31 merous affoJs for past favdYf , and would ZTSBiremmd the public mai xneir iae uppw L'yion are ol a very superior quaiuy, uwam ti ua Kcreinforo. bv men of lonjy experience i buwDess, thereby ensuring the greatest satis- vm. 'cD t F. bpe by personally attending to their "aes, to merit a continuance of that liberal pa sire tbey bive so Ions enjoyed. VB.-Tro superior Bowling Alleys attached. avtial evnrnr amusements will be continued. Iwttihg allo wed, and good order will be enforced. tlGLAU,l!ACKEr FOR LAHAINA. TJIE Clipper Scbooner kAM- II&XtF.IIA.lII.. Uantain astohi. kJlif finAfmr'6dation. will recularjr X jjieenlhis port and Lahai- l' Bt wu:o -nreu o 'J rdii. i.r A. fram Honolulu, as near as JkcalcuUted yany1 bMonday, at 5, P.M. ; ' i-abaina, on Tburs.Jay erenings. sneju :ls and take freight and pasengers,V wH ' accountable for damage sustained by freight. APP'v to Captaiaon board or to J. J2J , tf. GROBGE RISVLY, . t -r?UTCHERiKrD GENERAL C'V MEAT SALESMAN, begs leave most ntf respectfully to inform the reiioesw fmt of Honolulu and shipmasters general f ibat be has taken the stand owned by Mr. fch, and latelv occunicd by Mesara. Robinson i sell none but toe r f meat, and trustthat by cleanliness and 7 attention to Lis bumoeas be may mem m PilLlie iuImi.m . K. truMs nothing hall be wanting on his part ' C' satisfaction to hoe whonitie may have the "r to serve. rs- B. Ox Tonsuea and Corned Beef cured in a -tnor manner. mys iy. NOTICE. f JAMFS ROBIN5UW XJ. I j r having opened their new Batcher Shop ,f I on the new wharr oppoaue u X i m I hi House, respectfully inform their fit r was and former customers, that they win e anie BUSINESSCARDS. CHARLES E. HITCHCOCK. Plain anil fanni Book ani 3ob JJrintrr, IS PBEPABED TO EXECUTE Pamphlets, Catalogues, Circulars, Handbills, Bill Heads, Shop Bills, Bills of Exchange, Bills of Lading, Consular Blanks, if lank Deeds, JISITING BUSINESS AND ADDRESS CARDS With neatness and despatch, on liberal terms. S. H. WILLIAMS & CO, CXrncral Commission SHcrtDanto, HONOLULU, OAHU, iV S. H. Williams, p J. V. B. Mabshall.V Hawaiian Islands. Wx. Baxee, iu. ) Exchange on the United States and Europe, taken on the most- favorable terms. EVERETT & CO, faction anb Commission iHcrcljants, JJ.AavET: i HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. IjT Money advauced on favorable terms for Bills of Exchange on the United States, England and France. WALDO & CO, DEALERS IX Ship Chandlery and General Merchandise, MAUI AND OAHU, G. Waldo, 1 E. S. Benson, V Hawaiian Islands. A. Langlois. S H. ORIIrTES, (Gcnrral (Commission fHcrtrjanto, HONOLULU AND SAN FRANCISCO, HbVmGbTme's. bLA- Caufo.,.. Wanted Bills of Exchange on the United Stales, England and France, at the us-ual rates. J. WYDLEB, SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL FAINTER, HONOLULU, OAHU. Transparent Window Shades and Ornamental Painting Executed with neatness and despatch. C. W. VIWCEITT, HOUSE CARPENTER AND JOINER, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. Building and Jobing executed at short notice on the most reasonable terms. ISRAEL H. WRIGHT, PAINTER, GILDER AND GLAZIER, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I., Will execute with neatness and 'despatch, House, Sign, Coach. Ship and Ornamental Painting. BUSH, MAKEE & CO, DEALERS IS Ship Chandlery and General Merchandise, LAHAINA, MAUI.' Ships supplied with recruits at the lowest market prices. Money advanced on reasonable terms for Bills of Exchange on the United States and Europe. SAMSIITG & CO, Importers and Dealers in. j China Goods, HONOLULU, OAHU, 27. . On hand and for sale, Sugar, Molasses, Tea and Coffee. Faintlks and Ships supplied with Bread, iic. ISAAC IVIONTGOIYTEIIY, DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, '. HONOLULU, OAIIUH. I. Ships supplied with Stock at the shortest notice. WARD & SMITH, General Commission Merchants for the Coast of California, Frank Wabo, 1 SAN FRANCISCO. W. M. Smit G. RHODES & CO, (TTnurnl Commission ilTrrttjants, G Rhodes, ) HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. J. R. VOS PriSTEB. i . JOHN BEATTY, TIN AND COPPERSMITH, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. L WOOD & PARSE, CABINET MAKERS AND UPHOLSTERERS, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. T. W. THOMPSON, J. C Ii? U lf IM3 U2.9 HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. A. P. EVERETT, rjy CP U TJ ISti LTJ3 S2 0 HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. (Office at the Counting Room of Everett & Co.) J. C. SPAXiDIUG, DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, HONOLULU, OAHU, II. I. ISAAC S. HART, HONOLULU. JOIIN R. JASPER, Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. I. ' '(Office on the upper floor of the Honolulu House.) D. P. PEN HALLOW, HQ HNOLULU,JAllU, n. I. (On the Quay, next to Market Wharf.) GEORGE STtKENWAY, GTcnrral commission IWmfjant, HONOLULU, OAHU, H. L . F. RODRIGUEZ VIDA miiri is lfll CHANDLERY AND PROtISlU, HONOLULU, Uinu, n. a. Ship soppllea fib recruits at the lowest market price, Tor dash oals on the United States or Europe. M V W V 1. ' tCORNELIUS HOYER, nriltl IK Whaleships supplied with Recruits on favorable terms m " naici' Yr .. j.-.-j . the market. exchange lor puisor KELLY & GOULD, COiaiSIXSSXOI MERCHANTS, Wat. II. Kklit, V TAHITI, Soc. Is. Geo. H. Gocld, S JOHN J. CARANAVE, IMPORTER OF EUROPEAN GOODS, AP DEAttB I " Ship Chandlery and General Merchandise HONOLULU, OAHU, H. L fit the store formerly occupied by E. & H. Grimes, NICHOLSON HENDERSON, , ,w.tF.-.i.,l opposite the Seamen' Chapel,) r TT OAHU.H.L THE NEW SHIP MINSTREL. She is 126 feet long on deck, has ife'feet 5 inches breadth of beam, 18 feet 9 inches aepta ol hold, and is about. 440 tons, car penter's measurement. Her keel is of rock maple, the frame of the very best seasoned white oak, hacmctac and locust, and her ciamps and beams of southern hard pine. She has seven breast hooks and two pointers forward, two hooks and pointers aft, and the hanging knet s under the beamsof both decks are of oak, as are also the hold and between deck stanchions. The thick streaks on the floor heads and the clamps are mostly 7 and 8 inches thick. Her floor timbers are bolted with copper in the usual style, and have also a tier of iron through them, driven down into the keel. Her transoms, stem, &c, under water, are all bolted with copper, and her ceiling and clamps are square fastened throughout. Every bolt in her that could be, has been driven through and clinched ; she has therefore no quaker bolts in her. Her between decks' water-ways, the two deck planks next to them, and the standing streaks over theto, have more fastening in them than most ships of double her tonnage. The be tween decks are six feet high, and are nicely painted, the thick work being blue, the water-ways lead color, and the sides and deck above white. On deck she has a topgallant forecastle, the height , of the main rail, abaft which is the windlass, and close to it amidships the com panion which covers the entrance to the sail ors' quarters, which are about as neat and comfortable as any reasonable salt could de sire. Her galley and fowl coops are abaft the fore hatchway, and next to them the long boat is stowed bottom up, resting on two cross-beams about three feet from the deck, and supported on four bits which rise above the boat's gunwales, and keep her in place. A fife-rail surrounds the after part of the mainmast and pumps, abaft which is a 'very neatly fitted provision chest, with separate compartments for beef and pork, much more convenient than harness casks. A splendid capstan ornaments the quarter deck. She has a half poop deck about 3 feet higli and 20 feet long, in the forward part of which is a square house, which forms the entrance to the cabin, and also contains a berth for the steward, a store room and a closet. There are two doors in the front of this house, the larboard one of which leads to the cabin, and the other to the apartments already noticed, having a passage between them, so that in bad weather the starboard door if required can also be used to enter' the cabin. Her wheel works on the poop, and she has Robinson's patent steering apparatus, and Forbes's binnacle. Her bulwarks are sur mounted by a monkey rail, and the bulwark stanchions are of bright locust, varnished, and all the bolts in them are of composition. Site has the requisite ports for four guns, which are intended to be 9 pounders carron ades. The gangways and the break of the noon in the wake of the side ladders are cov ered with brass, and the rails in the wake of the running rigging with copper. 1 he bul warks, &.c, are painted buff color, the panels of the monkey rails lighter, and the water ways blue. Beside the long boat, which is a fine craft, she carries two quarter boats and two iron life boats. Her cabin is very neat, and also spacious for her'size. It contains seven state rooms, (in six of which are two berths each,) a water closet and an armory. The pantry is amid ships, close to the cabin door. The interior of the cabin is grained, the ceiling white, and above and below the cornices there are gilded mouldings. . The transom is fitted as a sofa, and from it, amidships, extends a hand some mahogany table, with scats of the same wood, having backs like those used in rail road cars. Before the table is a neat stove. The forward part of the rudder case is orna mented with a splendid mirror, whicn gives reflected view of the w hole cabin. I ne cabin receives linht through a vertical sky- i"ht and two stern windows, and in each of the state rooms there are also side and deck ihts. the former of which can be opened. She is seasoned with fine salt between f i .i i i every opening in ner irame, anu me sccimiu and apron are both boxed' in and also cover ed with salt. In the covering board between every stanchion, there are two brass venti lators. fore and aft, which have screw- tops that can be ODened or shut at pleasure. Her bow is sharp and beautnuny rounueu, and is ornamented with a neatly carved and . . . .1 1 ilded billet head, descending from which nlnnr the trail boards are also carvea worn in imitation of grape vines, relieved with gild- in" On each cat-head is a gildea eye, wiae awaKe. xier siues sweu auum which wives her auite a warlike appearance The run is clean and well tormed, ana me O . - v i . ctorn round considerably from the quarter Tt ia ornamented with an arch of carved work over the cabin windows, in which is a youthful minstrel playing a harp, nA Piin hir nn his shoulder is nis iauy-ioc. their larboard side, and on the side opposite is the American eagle and shield, flaes. a liberty cap ana poie, warlike instruments, Stc.V Cupid is also pro- ided with a torch, a bow and other,utensns for cooking love. A ship is seen in the ins tance, and other emblems of commerce, all tastefully painted and relieved with gilding. The carved work ends with representations of oak branches on one side ot the group, ana knnrhi on the otncr. ner name auu oort of hail are carved into tne arcn-ooaru u ..... i i j and are painted white, and the pilasters are also partly painted the same color, with black i: ; hp;r rmtres. Her name, carved and gilded, also ornaments the neaa ooarus and quarters. The carved work of this ship which is bv far the best designed and finished - , , which we have seen for many years, was ,.td hv Messrs. Isaac Fowle & Co., ol this city, who also carved the ftate arms which now ornament our house ol repre .Antnfit'0d ti,0 Minctrftl looks very beautifully out side and in, and as for strength will compare . Li- muu mnct hin of double her ton- tavorauiy wim ---i- . i nage. She is copper fastened, and coppered She is a full rigged ship. Her m'asts'rake commencing with the fore, three-fourths, of 1 l. J t 1 -- I ! an men, an men, ana an men ana a nan. The foremast is 21 inches diameter": in the partners, and the mainmast 22 inches.';1 The foremast is 06 feet 9 inches long topmast 37 feet 3 inches, topgallantmast 19 feet 3, roy- almast 13, and pole 5. ihe mainmast is G9 feet 3 inches, and the topmasi, &.., the same as those forward, excepting the royal pole, which is one foot longer. The mizenmast is 60 feet, topmast 29 feet 3, topgallantmast 15 teet, royalmast V, and pole 5. The yards on the fore and mainmast are, 57 feet 3 inches, 47 6, 33 6, and 25 6, and those on the mizen in like proportion. The bowsprit is 27 feet outboard, jib-boom 22 feet 6 inches outside of the cap, and the flying jib-boom 16 feet 6 inches ; spanker boom 37 feet, and gafT 24. She has the usual chain and iron work aloft, and her lower rigging and backstays set up with dead eyes outside of the monkey rail, on a line with the main rail. 1 he ends of the lower rigging and backstays are served ten feet up, and the eyes of the rigging and the collars of the stays are neatly covered. She has aucket parels to her topsail yards, and cheeks to the topgallant yards. Her topgallant and royal masts are of one spar. She is thoroughly rigged, and her spars look remarkably well finished. They were made by Messrs. 1 igeon & Fool, of .Last Boston, and were rigged by Captain Win. Brewster, also of East Boston, who is worthy of praise for the faithful manner in which he has done his work. The Minstrel was modelled and designed by Mr. Pook, the talented naval constructor, attached to the Charlestown navy yard, and was built by Mr. Samuel Hall, at East Bos ton. She is designed for the Pacific and China trade, but has been taken up for one voyage to and from Liverpool by Messrs. Train & Co. She is owned by Henry A. ierce, Esq of Charlestown, and others, and is commanded by Capt. Doane, late of the ship Congaree, who has the reputation of being an excellent sailor, and under whose superintendence she was built. We saw the Minstrel frequently when in the course ol construction, and can therelore say with con fidence that she is of the very best materials, finished and fastened in the most approved style. She is now ready for sea and will sail on the 5th instant for Liverpool. Boston 'ost, March 3.' Fkom Vera Cruz. By the late arrival at New-Orleans from Vera Cruz, with dates to the 15th ult., the Picayune has the follow- Col. Childs is governor of Jalapa, and will remain there with 2000 picked troops when General Scott moves on to Fuebla. The city of Jalapa is entirely quiet and or derly ; no rows or disturbances have occur red there. We have a paper printed at Puebla on the 9th inst. It announces positively that Gen. Taylor had left Salfillo and moved either upon Zacatecas or San Lui3 Potosi. The Yankee, or " foreign legion, organ ized by Santa Anna from deserters from our armies, has been disbanded and ordered out of the city. Their immorality and insubor dination is assigned for this proceeding. Their manners, the Mexicans; say, arc not at all adapted to their society's-V' Gen. Shields is mending, though slowly, and Gen. P. F. Smith has reported for duty. A letter from Mr. Kendall, dated at Jala pa on the 14th, says The long wagon train is now coming into the city from Vera Cruz, and has met with no opposition on the way. There are be tween three and four hundred wagons and between eleven and twelve hundred pack mules in the train quite a string you would think were you to see them all together. Capt. Grayson, the stirjing and most nopular commissary, -is along with the train, and I am pleased to learn is going on towards cer tain halls named after the elder Montezuma. Mr. Trist arrived here this morning from Vera Cruz. His business 1 do not know, but I suppose he goes on with the army. Gen. Scott, owing to the non-arrival of all the train, will not be able to move for two or three days to come. Capt. Walker, with his Rifles, is on his way up, guarding anotn er smaller train. I trust there may be wa gons enough to carry on the little luggage our officers now possess. For want of sutfi i;n( transnortation heretofore they have been compelled to leave carpet bags here, trunk there, and boxes elsewhere, until nearly everything1 has been lost. The Courier's correspondent says : H I. M. Survevinff shin Herald and brig ranuo- . ma "W-k ti ra arrived here last week from the Straits of St Juan de Fuca, having touched at San Francisco. San Dicffo. Mazatlan and all the principal harbors on the Mexican coast , At San Francisco they report twenty-seven whalers having put in that port to avoid pri vateers, bnt from all the information which T have been able to gather, 1 have come to the conclusion that they need apprehend no Arrr frnm them, as 1 believe there are At Gnlenuenio a party of officers ot the Herald and Pandora, consisting oi me vapi . - . .. . two or three lieut. surgeon, numbering some ritrht of the principal officers ot both ships, together with two boat's crews, went ashore na usual to take observations. Un going ashore they were surprised suddenly by a party of some 4UU Mexicans anaiaacu priso ners as Americans. It was in vain they de- olnrpd themselves to be English officers, and it proved equally in vain for them to produce their royal commissions. The Mexican com mander declaring " that it was a trick of the VnnbAP : thev eooke the same language the Americans and as such they should hang thorn " W ordered a large hole to be dug under a tree, and politely requested the officers to p-o with him to view their nnai resting piauc together with the tree on which they were to be hung. The poor tars were also made v niprctahd that their clothing was already portioned among their csptors, and that they were to share the same fate as the officers. The officers, however, finally succeeded in i .i " , i .i r r raisiug a, aouDi in me mina oi me xuexican ang were permitted to despatch one of their vessels to Acapulco. to the General in com mand of the"sProvince, and on her return they were released. It was useless for them to attempt to escape, as they were informed that the least demonstration made on ship board in their favor would be the signal for the guard to fire upon them. It is not likely that matters will end here, as John Bull does not allow such transactions to pass in silence. r . Fbom Brazil. By the -ship Courier, at New York, from Rio Janeiro, dates to April 24th have been received. On the 13th, the Jornol of Rio published, on authority from the United States, that the Brazilian minister at Washington had given satisfaction for the insult offered to Lieut. Davis, and that Mr. Wise had in consequence received orders to resume his intercourse with the Brazilian government. On the 23d, however, the Jornol announced that the despatches from the Brazilian minister at Washington having been forwarded to the Emperor, then jour neying in the provinces, his majesty had disproved the conduct of the minister, and would probably recall him. A letter of the 19th has the following : In reference to the whaleship Sarah and sther, seized by the government, Capt. Codman, of the bark Hollander, who ar rived last night, says "A legal investiga tion was to have taken place in a few days. On the news other capture at Kio, the U. S. brig Bambndge, Capt. VilIiamson, was despatched to Ilha Grande for the purpose of warning off any other American vessel, or re-taking any which might have been seized by the Brazilian government. Ihe Bain bridge had scarcely got out of the harbor before a corvette was despatched by the au thorities of Rio, to follow the Bainbridge and watch her movements. Quite an . un usual excitement prevailed in Rio in conse quence, it having been reported that the corvette was ordered to sink the Bainbridge should she interfere in behalf of any captur ed vessel. The Bainbridge not having re turned, though shortly expected at the time of our sailing, we are unable to give any further account of her movements." ' The Mediterranean Privateer. The editor of the New-York Herald, writing from Paris, after speaking of the capture of the Carmelito, says : " The American consul at Barcelona com municated the news to 'the American minis ter at Madrid, and a demand was made for the release of the bark. The Unico was fit ted out at Oran. The captain is a Spaniard, who had fled from justice in Spain. The crew are all Spaniards. She reported she had cleared out at Vera Cruz, although it is certain she never was out of the Mediterra nean. They are furnished with naturaliza tion papers from some Mexican agent. The .i .hi ; bpanisn autnoriiics are conniving at me pira- cy : but the American minister nas lanen w. up the matter with great determination, it is said that there are two or more Mexican pirates in the Mediterranean all fitted out in Spain, most likely. U. S. SmrCoLCiBus, , ) Honolulu, Sept. 20 1816. ) Knowing the interest our visit to Japan ms excited among civilized nations, I dis patch the following particulars by an oppor tunity now ottering tor Uoston. we sailed from Macao on the ittith ot Way, ostensibly for the Sandwich Islands, but with secret in-1 structions to touch at the ports of Amoy and Chusan, on our way to Japan, and lar as possible promote friendly intercourse be tween the Americans in those cities and the Chinese inhabitants. In this the gallant Commodore Biddle was altogether success ful, and after a run of fifteen days we hove in sight of Japan, and in company with the Vincenncs anchored below Yedo, or Jeddo, the commercial metropolis. Having no charts of the harbor, and the natives refu sing to pilot us up, we remained in the bay. The authorities came off and requested us not to come near the shore. They would supply us with everything we required, and deliver any communication we might have for their grand Vuboy, or Jbmperor, who-re sides at Jeddo, some miles inland Commo dore Biddle forwarded his letter of intro- duction to the Emperor, from the President of the United States, which explained the obiects of our visit. The Cuboy is styled the . m WW " llluslrtotis JWonarcn vnaer uearen, or " the sorertgn of the abode of the gods vndtr Sun rising." His Majesty rules thirty mil lions of people, he has two hundred and fifty thousand square miles of territory, an army of three hundred thousand mlantry and ten thousand cavalry. Next to the Cuboy is the Dairo, or spiritual head ot the empire.r These are sovereign in their respective gov ernments and each in turn is compelled to obey the .other. The Cuboy has petty prin ces under" him who rule the provinces into which the empire is divided. 1 he uairo nas twelve wives and . the Luboy an- unlimited nnmher. Polygamy is universal. 1 he re ligion is likftthat of China. . In art, science and literature, the Japanese .are superior to the Chinese, from whom they descended. They have converted their barren f islands into beautiful gardens, which rise liyierraccs ... - - . on the mountains.' - 1 hey have copper, ron, steel and silver, and in werking these me fal thev are not surpassed by Europeans, fjbal also aDouaas in tue - isiauua.- ,iuc . , i 8 .i i 1 . Tt.- manufacture of porcelain ahd glass, lacquer ed ware -silk andf-.totton goods, has. been carried on- by them for centuries. ? Their md Confined to the Dutch, the Chinese arid' the 'Coreans, and the only port open lo these is Nangaski Their dread oP foreign-j erg was caused by an attempt ot the rortu irup.se to establish the Roman Calholicre litrion over them in the beginning of the seventeenth century, when Dutch merchants disclosed the plot to the Japanese priests. The Cuboy himself had embraced the Catho lic religion, with a third of his people, and all these with the Catholic Missionaries, were slain by the Dairo and his religious followers. - Ever since the Dutch merchants have enjoyed exclusive privileges . and all the great men of. the empire speak" the low Dutch with greaj . fluency. By this means they "obtain from.jDutch; newspapers an ac curate knowledge of occurences throughout the world. As ai) "evidence of this, we were astonished to learn that they had heard of " our intended visit. The President's letter informed the Emperor that the people of the United States were- desirious of cultivating friendly relations with the Japanese, to which theEmperor replied that he had heard pf the greatness of the United States ; -he -hoped they would continue to be prospcrous-juid happy, but the policy of his country jpujd not permit ' him toppen his ports to any but the Chinese and'Dutclu He begged the Commodore to supply himself with what he wanted ; that the people would furnish him all that the country afforded, and having ob tained his supplies, he hoped he' would-retire from the bay as rapidly as possiblirfcnd ne ver return. Theyhrought us ever) thiog'jvc wanted as fuelwater and provisions ,&c, but would takei, nothing in return. Accom paying the Emperor's repljr was a bundle of worthless trinkets, as a present from his ma jesty to ComCjBiddle, which liq refused to accept. This puzzled the "Japanese Ambas sador. He dare hot return with his presents, so he loitered arouftjijhe " deck until night fall, and then throwing! the bundle into the ship's boat, "darted ofrVt&thc shore: -Commodore Biddle distributed4he trinkets among the officers. We were, not pcrrrlitted to land, and the Mandarins told us that if wc attempted to land by force, they would all commit suicide by ripping out their intestines, that bing the custom of their Coujitry. Some accepted our presents, but turned them all before we left. They wouhf take nothing from us. Most of the pfficer and people who came on board brought heir own provisions with them. Some wanted to sleep on board, but were not permitted. We could see none of their women, -wheare said to excel in beauty end virtue, and resent in dignities to their honor by committing sui cide at once. Their men are' extremely beautiful, and even at" middle age 'present the full development of, athletic power, with the freshness and vigor of youth. They1 at tain a great age. Animal food is not in general use? ' Wc could obtain neither beef nor pork, but received poultry, game? eggs and vegetables in abundance. Their offi cers dress -in- gowns, " much like -our female attire. Each had two swords, a small' one and a large one, equal in temper and finish to our best American swords. The soldiers dress in flexible metallic armor, which is beautifully japanned, and covers the 'bodjr and limbs. Each wears on his back the 'ar morial insignia of hisfegimcnt, and m some instances a cross was worked in their coat of arms, probably in . commemoration of the massacre of the Christians Their boats had similar devices oa-their flags, and each-different. In religious ppinions they are ' "greatly divided. Yet the Budhiststhe'followers of Sinto and the discipreXQCQac"u3 all agree in the following, which Constitute the moral philosophy of the Empire;" viz : 1. tiotto kill, nor eat any creature lhat has. been lull ed ; 2. not to commit fornication- ner adul tory ; 3. not to steal ; 4. not"(o3ie and, 5. to abstain front -wine and aH intoxicating drinks.-'-., They are friendlyand polite in their intercourse with each-? other .-end with strangers Education is .untversal ; semina ries of -learning.; are established in all the towns, and each'of the convents contain one thousand or more', learned, men, who adopt the principles of celibacy and ' devote them selves to religion and education. " They have a fair knowledge of our arts and sciences; they have books and ncswpapersjrahdV the' art oi printing was Known among mem some hundred years before its invention in Europe. They write from right to left and from lefLto i T : a: ti.: r : rigni, in continuation, i. iieir kuiiuu ui sui cide is most extraordinary.; . It iconsidered meritorious to commit suicide to avoid dis grace or serve'the fluboy or the Edro Jn cases of earthquakes'-, storms, fitjm which the Islands suffer 'eyerjfev.iiipnths, the au thorities "order numbers of the people td'eom- X.l- -JLil' I "J" J . mil SUlCHie 10 appeaste-iuewuviiucu ucuy, and the orfler is at once obeyed, -flliese self sacrifice's are generally made to thedevil, or the.spirit of .evil, frotniear of hi pqweb. Their worship of the Good Spirit is carried on sacrifices of fruits and sacred offerings in the temples before the, idols. One of the dols at the island of Macao, ot which a Man darin gave me; some account, is 'eighty feet broad and seventy leet high, and is made oi solid copper front the miners.. Ecclesiastical affairs occupy much timotsThe Clergy are rich and well provided fpr In bringing the water to the ships, the natives used pails and buckets.'--In propelling "the boats they used sculls. Their largest veseV were from fifty to seventy tons, having one mast and one sail. Taken altogether,' the Japanese are - a plain, simple, unostentatious people, and whether the otner natrons win succeea in . A- opening intercourse wiiir-mem, remains to be seen.' A french fleet was to visit "Jeddo . after us, to.be followed by an English fleet, which latter will probably batter down meir walls. - ; - tV We remained teidays in . the harbor of Jeddo, anchored opposite a battery,- at the entrance ot the river or narDor on which uie city is built.Since leaving U)e United States about twenty men have died on board our ship, and she has now' a large number on the sick list, mostly ot scurvy, aiarrocea na dysentery. We are all very feeble,', having been .ninety days on sail , provisions. , i o Vincennes parted from us soon after leaving Jeddoproceeding "to the Jladrone Islands thence to China and- nomerra.iftfape oi Good-Hope. We will sail ina few dajs for ' . ... A 1 . A LJallao, whence i wau write to you,?) we Spsrland mail. We hope tacj-nvat home sometime duthJg "Che summer of-i?H Yor'kjguf? v , V n fi i: ! . I 1 it ;i i t' l !' i ' r i : If ' 'V- . il l very high up. rrv . Ii u in m -a, st the uftul prices. my22 ly.