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HONOLULU, SATURDAY, NOV. 6, 1847
We have heretofore taken some pride in our
marine intelligence, spending as we did no little
time and pains in making it full and correct.
Now this is a matter of, to say the least, quite as
much importance to the public as to ourselves,
and more to shipowners and masters than either.
Generally we have found all interested disposed
to aid us in this department of our journal, and
we feel' correspondingly grateful. - But of late
difficulties have multiplied at Honolulu, and we
are embarrassed to procure correct reports of
whalesh'ips. One reason for this has been given,
which, if it came not in an unquestionable shape,
we could not have credited that such meanness
and dishonesty could exist, and be" avowed.
Even now we believe but few whaling masters
participate in the feeling, foV there" are among
' them man' good meiTahd truV-willing to do to
others as they would be done by rami wno wouiu
scorn to take advantage of ignorance orhelpless
w ness. But that there are some of a contrary na
ture all the, world knows, and if they become
angry at w hat we have to say, in justice to Ha
waiiani, let them look to their own consciences.
There" appears to ben objection to give the
trdee," lest the native seamen should obtain
the formation of the real amount of oil and
bonejtaken, and demand their just dues, "in
credible as it may appear lo' honest minds, one
captain reminded anotheras he gave hisreport,
that he would be obliged to "pay off hit kanakas
by that report." Why should he not? It is
their due, for they ship for a certain proportion
of ;thVVakea, an J if lheT Jo not receive an
honest icequnt by proper guage, they are cheat
ed. Does 'any captain thinkhe will recommend
himself to his owners by dfrfuding the ignorant
HawaiianY without whose assistance their voy
agescould not be ifiade.of t&iFrigbts ? Would
New BedfordjJew London or Nantucket mer
chants feel thteii;. a hundred or even a thou
sand flollars added to therlready vast piles of
wealth, by such meansVoukblcss their.gtore ?
No! Let the fact Ije "known, and no one who
practices or avows uc principles would be re
tained ui theur enipldy.'-It very commonly hap
pens wbent natives' 'are discharged from their
cruises," their accounts are balanced, and they
rcceive'hothing.' This may be and perhaps is
in mosVmstSices correct, but as the natives are
ignoraaltanif, scarcely know their own wants, a
masteKwjjh correct feelings towards thein, will
endeavor to lee that they have something in
hand after&.siiccessful six mouths' cruise, and
that their earnings are not all spent in slops, or
in a worse, manner.- Of what benefit is it to the
kingdomflf lOOO of the hardiest young men go
to sea annual! and are landed as poor' as "when
they went on board ? They had better be kept
on snore antu nut to labor ontne sou. iney
would then produce something towards the na-
tional wealtn. ve have one instance in nana
urself of the way natives are settled with. His
captain paid him off by an order on the owners
in the United States, for.an aniountof oil equiv
alent iu value to between two andthfee hundred
dollars. Atlhe request of the native we forward
ed the order for collection and the reply was,
that he teas in debt to the ship, and he never re
ceived one cent.
We "hope thesesort of settlements are not coin
mod, but some do'occnrOur remarks may not
correct the evil, but they may put tlie natives
more 'upon their guard. In settling their voy
ages" they should require of their enptains as
much exactness' With respect to accounts, vouch
ers, &c; as the ship-ownersVequire of the mas
ters. -What "is flesh Yortne, is flesh for all.
What is ear ne'er tf one cane is earned in another,
and it is as much'of a crime to defraud a poor
kanaka as a wealthy ship-owner. Ship masters
and seaurieacatuiot.beioq rigid in doing justice,
and beiniLjubBest in every particular. As a mat-
ter of self-inteYest it js the best in, the end. Some
vessel has of late landed a considerable quantity
of counterfeit Bolivian coin in the kingdom." It
has already passed;considcrably into circulation,
and numbers must suffer a loss. The)enalty to
be inflicted oQthe introducer anil those who
wilfully aided' its'circulatiori" should be severe,
for such crimes strike at the very root of honest
dealing and "nfl'ect the entire community. Ship
nxastersantj others who have a regard for their
repii(atioiVblioiild at once denounce any one guil
ty of suchacts, for when the authors are", un
known, the whole class must in some degree suf
fer m reputation. This though unjust is inevit
able. Having said this much of ono class of
whalers, who as we before said, we believe to be
bu black'sSpoU on a white fifldwe take much
pldisare iti reprinting from'Mr. Lindsay's Whale-
mch'sSbippiugXTst oun58 his very judicious
remarks upon mis uusiness: ,
THE.MICIiWHALISO BcSINES8j-Wjl ALE
SniprlieD Masters of Whale Ships. That
portiotfof the public who live remote fronf places
eag$ged in the whalinV business, have Very er
roneous lucas in rt-iaupn to tnese matters, ana
perhaps some with better opjortunities to learn
the truth, do not take the trouble,! .
First, as o the whaling business.; Jt is very
common to hear men speak with a kind of smirk
ing, complacent sneer of New. Bedford, Nan
tucket, and other similar places,' a fishing vil
lages, and many inetfj wise'in-rbeir own conceit,
do tins, who tlb nptTEnbw the'difierence in en
terprise, knowledge,Tifiir"cap5tal required to car
x ry on the whaling businesspand that required to
frarry.on the businesof catching herring in a
Vineyard ibcook, ojtom-cod from the end of a
wharf. -i -," ,
To enlighten such benighted souls, let us ask
them to look at the" list tf whale ships on this
sheet, belonging to-New Bedford alone, two hun
dred and fifty-fourSnv-fiuraber, let them multiply
that naqjber by $ii,000, which is perhaps less
than tleir averages-value as they, sad, with out
fits, upon their voyages, and theyNvill get; in this
place alone an aggregate "capital of $6,350,000
embarked in that business. Allow' twenty-five
nieffto'a shipnd you,.haan g"gregate of
seamen in this port alonpf7C,350. . -Let them
make' the snmo-dalculatious upon the other ships
of the United States on our listand they wil
find a srrand jatal of capital and seamen employ
ed in this business which will show, it to be one
of the largest, 'and most important branches of
business in which this country has yet embarked.
Second as to the wbaleships. 4t is equally
common to -hear certain persons speak in dis
paraging terms of. whale snips as of an inferior
'class, and.. kept- in an uncomfprtable and .'filthy
condition, Look- at the tonnage t of theNew
Bedford list, and they may probably. be taken" as
a iair sample yr-iuw American snips engageain
the trader-ttiey run from about 200 to 500 torisSi1;-.mWAi- " xv i j , . w"
ji-o u u -j .wCJSinuia3trDm.Koloa on Wednesday. brinth
and 71 challenge the world to nroduce aif eaual
number"" ships ;of betteit jgualiryor in htteV
wc)ts nctal and timber qan nke ahem, andJ
going upon voyages of from one and a half to
fnnr nH it hslf vmh. and encountering all the
perils of the seas for that length of time, and re-
turning in satery as geuerm ruic, ui"
a question that tney are ana niui k uijj
rellentlv built and in excellent condition. Ex
ceptions there undoubtedly are, but they are no
. .i . u C I r onv
more in proportion man are iu uo iuu v
ftthor omml number of shins in any business.. As
to cleanliness, any man or woman who has ever
been on board a whale ship ready lor sea, m iu
iKrt at any rate, knows that they are as neatly
rtoKlv nrrarttrp na flllV Vessel Cflll be,
atlU . VIAA V. J w .
ith exceptions oi
course,) they are kept clean, painted, wasflca,
.rmfVrtnlil0 m-M itnl lipnlthv. so far as is prac
ticable at sea in anv vessel. The business of
cutting in whales, trying out and putting down
oil, like a good many other business operations,
is not remarkably neat, and a Broadway dandy
or Boston exquisite would reprove the " unman
nerly corse" of a whale for coming between Jus
nobility and the wind; but such seasons are short,
and they a're' cheered and made comfortable by
the reflection that the objects of the voyage are
thus being accomplished. The ships as a whole,
are kept neat and healthy, but the difference in
neatness depends upon the character and habits
of each master and his officers. The general
irood health of whalemen, which is proverbial,
goes far to prove the condition of the ships in
this respect. That whale ships ordinarily return
froiii their long and perilous voyages with car
goes often of very great value, in a wonueriuny
nent condition here a matter of common ob
servation, and the master who brings home his
ship in a dirty and neglected state, finds himself
below par wherta master is wanteu.
Third, as to masters ot wnaic snips. a luca
is entertained in some quarters, that the masters
of whale ships are an ignorant, and boorish class
of men,, who, by reason of brute force can kill
whales? and by reason of that same brute force,
and brutal passion, abuse the men composing
their crews. That idea is a false one. Consider
these facts: A whale ship is owned by prudent,
sagacious merchant, costs with outhts from
20,000 to 40 or $50,000; leaves home to visit
the remotest seas, to lie absent under the entire
control of the master, from two to four years
and upwards; under the necessity of procuring
in remote and perhaps in savage places, tne va
rious supplies which become necessary for the
ship; the voyage is to be conducted, as to the
places to be viMted, the time of stay, &c, by the
sole judgment of the master, because the voyages
are so long and such changes occur, tnat only
general instructions can be given by the owners
before sailing. What kind of a man would own
ers of common prudence or common sense be
likely to select in whom to place so great a trust?.
They would select a man of sterling integrity, of
nautical skill, oi knowledge ot that peculiar
business, character and information to conduct
such a voyage, to negotiate for supplies, and
manage the important affairs of the ship at sea
and ou shore, and of such manners, habits, and
character as to qualify him rightly to govern the
crew, upon whose yihysicul efforts and hearty
good will depends the success of the enterprise.
There are disgraceful exceptions, but from a
very extensive knowledge of masters of whale
ships at home, aud au opportunity to see over
two hundred masters and their ships during our
recent visit to the Sandwich Islands, uc aver
confidently, that our whaling captains are of the
character first described, and our observation
confirms the belief that owners employ such men
as common prudence and common sense dictate.
The masters of whale ships, beyond the control
or advice of their owners, are obliged when they
go into port for recruits to become merchants;
and it is often the case that the supplies arc mo
nopolized by sharpers, or otherwise held in such
hands as to make reasonable purchases very dif
ficult; and we know that owners would be grati
fied if they could see, as we have done, the per
severance, tact, skill and fidelity, with which
masters manage their business iu the foreign
places which we visited. Many instances came
under our observatiornwhich would have done
credit to the first merchant on change iu any
As to the moral character of masters, there are
exceptions here also, but as a lody, they are as
upright in their deportment abroad as they are
at home, and at home they stand as high as any
other class of men.
In regard to the treatment of seamen, we be
lieve that we are right iu saying, that consider
ing the length and ail the difficulties of the voy
age, it is remarkable how little flogging or abuse
takes place. In former times there was greater
severity, but now flogging is very rare, and bru
tal assaults very unfreoucut, aud wonderfully so
when we consider that the crews are made up of
a miscellaneous assortment ot all kindred, tongues
and nations, and the provocations of the officers
sometimes, all that human nature can bear. Un
questionably unjustifiable whippings and assaults
sometimes take place, ,but upon return home
every body agrees that reparation should be
made by the offender. Libels and suits are fre
quently brought against masters or officers for
trivial onences, but nine times out of ten not at
the instance of the supposed sufferer, but of some
pettifogger, and for his benefit and not the sail
or's. But while real offences are growing more
rare, these fancy suits are also growing more uu-
frequent, and the promoters of them are daily
looked upon with greater contempt ; and we
trust that the time is soon coming when masters,
officers ami men, will le in all respects what they
should be, and pettifogging by exciting the pas
sions and spuuging the pockets of sailors, will
One word as to the owners of whale ships
the world rings with the praises of sagacious
merchants; their forecast combinations and re
sults are lauded to the skies.- But owners of
whale ships are not thought of when such are
mentioned. In all such particulars they stand in
the front rank; and we can, here and elsewhere,
point to our merchant princes, who for forecast,
combination "and results need not be abashed
when i in presence of or comparing themselves
with merchants engaged in any other branch of
tue great, business ot this great and thriving
y3? Our late American files afford the gratify
ing evidence thut Hawaiian newspapers are read
with some degree of interest. We have been
amused at the matter of fact like appearance
some of our Oahu jokes make when transplanted
into i ankee type. In the New York Tribune,
we find such items as these :
" There is a Hydropathic institution in Nuu-
anuValley, which is well patronized.
rThey have a Lindenwald near Honolulu, at
which -one J. B. McClurg resides."
5.Xo,help on the immortality of wc and our
friends, are such tit-bits as
" The Editor of The Polvnesian' has been
roviog over the neighboring islands', and his cor
respondence is extremely interesting in descrip
tion bXscenery and people.
' " Mr- reacock, compositor m 'The Polyne
ian"bffice,Jsct on rush'" 11.000 ems in 7 hour.
" A concert was given in'October for the benefit-of
the Seaman's Friend Society.41 The New
foundland Ilrr -o,rir Dnrl tl.o T"l... :.. XT
oi'V VUCIL 111 nuiuia,
were 'particularly. -well, ddne.' The proceeds
were lp. VfV-
v i . .
California. The " MaffiPHelena" from
Monterey; brings a file of theCalifornian to Sept.
2?iPontaiuing however nothing of interest.
Robert Gordon,-Esq., has assumed the editor-
shipto 'the decided improvement of the paper.
ne American naval forceshad all left for-Mex-ico,.;
Commodore Shubrick-in the Independence
sailed in October to take possession f Mazatlan.
FxEirCH "Wat AM. Sui. H nr tk
report that the Gange, Thence off Hanalei, was
struck by , lightning, two men killed and spars
POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMB.EB C,
A TRIP TO THE CRATER OF KILAUEAj
BT THE EDITOR. - .
- No. i.
vThe kingdom of Hawaii for its'extent is fruit
fuln natural objects of interest.' Its scenery is
diversified in character, frontlie sublimely grand
to the ininutefy bauftul every one kndws
who has traveled aitih&r its surface. But
the lion of lions, the greatrmagnet of attraction
to the scenery explorer mid lover of natural phe
nomenon is the far famed crater of Kilauea,
which enjoys the reputation of being the largest
known active volcauo of the world, rivaling in
extent of area some of the conjectural furnace
of 'thVmoon. Although no stranger thinks hp
visit to tie Hawaiian kingdom worth much with-;
out a'gfimpse at least at this wondrous ulcer of
mother earth, yet but few. realize it. They are
anlerttjn tbqir wishes to behold it, but slow in
reaching it. Comparatively few of our residents
have paid it a visit. This is owing to the dan
gers and trials attending a passage from Honolu
lu to Hilo, some two or three hundred miles to
the windward. In crowded native craft, this
beating against the furious N. E. trades, exposed
for a week or more, to dangers unknown in ships
even in a voyage of circumnavigation of the
globe, is no sinecure and few mus.cr courage to
attempt it. Consequently Kilauea, to all but a
few curious eyes, remains a " terra incognita."
For this reason, though a description of it may
appear stale after the prolix accounts of Wilkes
and other explorers, yet in the hope that it may
induce some of our fellow residents to go aud do
likewise, we shall tell them the tale of all that
befell us by field and flood on our late excursion.
In the first place, and a very material point it is
too, we had the best of company to go with, and
as we are quite as ambitious of immortalizing
them as we are ourselves in this narration, we
shall make no apology in giving their names,
viz., Anthony Ten Eyck, Esq., U. S. Comnus
siouer, and son, Miss Johnson, S. H. Williams,
Esq., Mrs. J. J. Jarves, ourself aud dupl.cate,
in the shape of a youngster of 8 years. To make
our story at all useful to our successors, we in
tend to be very familiar prosy if you so please
to call it in point of detail, not of scenery and
exploits, but of the ways and means by which
such an excursion is accomplished, for any one
can open their eyes and drink in the novel and
grand when they reach it, while but few are sa
gacious cuough to anticipate all the etceteras to
make such a trip go off smoothly the route
through. Iu this respect we intend to force our
self upon the traveling Hawaiian public as their
benefactor, whether they vote us thanks or not.
Good company being as we have shown fully
provided, it remains to say a word about the
vessel. In speed and comfort, so fir as size
goes, Polynesia cannot excel the yacht Kame
humeha III., which His Majesty had placed at
the disposal of the U. S. Commissioner for the
excursion. She is a fore and aftelipM;r sehoon
en, of 117 tons, 6 guns, and built in IS 15 by the
celebrated in their line Gardiners of Balti
more. For this trip she had been painted anew
and was in man-of-war order, as neat as a new
pin. To make assurance doubly sure in the
provision line, we took our own staff of cooks,
stewards and servants, with supplies of tea, cof
fee, meats, fruits, vegetables, Stc, all which are
necessary, as no Hawaiian craft carries a very
full complement of " small stores," at least such
as set easy on exotic stomachs.
On Monday, Oct. 4th, all on board, Capt. An
tonia cast off, and under a fresh breeze we ra
pidly glided from a wharf load of friends who
were very sagaciously predicting a speedy revo
lution in the aspect of our countenances and in
tcrual comfort. However sufficient into the
minute was the throe thereof, and we kept on
brave faces, so long as we could see them, but
once outside of Diamond Head, the saucy vatch
legan to show how familiar she was with old
Nep., bobbing and bowing, jumping and kicking
in playful frolic, until the ladies and one gentle
man, (who it was we intend to keep unknown,)
disgusted with such unnecessary antics, retired
to their berths, , which they continued to occupy
for the better part of the three succeeding days.
For our own part, we considered the schooner a
very sweetly behaved creature, as easy as a
pacing horse and as spirited as a rueer. As for
meals, there being but two at the table, with
now and then one ot the urchins to Help us, we
jeedi!y lessened the fresh grub, in a way which
only appetites invigorated by sea breezes can do.
The yatcht beat up the first night between Oahu
and Molokai, and at noon, next day, wc were
far to the northward of Oahu, with the prospect
of a speedy, run to Hilo. But soon after tacking
to the eastward the wind hauled to that quarter,
right in our teeth. Being light, wc ran in close
to the shore and made a dead beat of it, passiu;
Molokai, West Maui, running close in to Wai
luku Bay, and along East Maui, having a near
view of all the native hamlets and trie beautiful
scenery which these islands offer to the wind
ward, until we passed liana on Thursday morn
ing. We had a good view of the mission iry es
tablishment, village, cultivated grounds, roinan
tic harbor, formed by a defunct crater, and the
noble amphitheatre of forests, and mountains,
with its mingled dells, precipices, cascades and
belts of vapor rising 11,000 feet above. At night
there was not a cloud to obscure the outline of
the lofty highlands. Friday morning gave us a
perfect view of Mauna Kea, with its patches ofl
snow and the dome of Mauna Loa, swelling up
in the back ground. 1 he day was listlessly calm.
There was scarce a ripple to foreshadow a
breeze. The seasick became well and hearty
and the schooner flapped her 6ails sadly and
noisely, impatient to move. A calm to the wind
ward of Hawaii was to our island experience a
novel feature. We had gone to the windward
to avoid calms, and we had run into one, which
would have done credit to the leeward side of
Lanai. Down poured the vertical sun, blister
ing deck and faces. Shade commanded a hi"h
premium. However no party ever bore that
saddest of sea trials, a calm, better than we. We
had been ungrateful had we not. A good vessel
beneath us pleasant company fine scenery,
and a breeze minutely expected. However
none came that day and the next morning, look
ing as much like the preceding as if it were a
twin brother, Capt. Antoru'a wisely thought it
bis 'duty to replenish his larder, as there was no
telling how long old Boreas might conclude to
prolong his nap.' We were close in to Waipio
Valley, where it seems the aupuni possesses cer
tain fruitful lands. A boat was despatched
ashore with orders to the King's agent for the
best his farm produced. While it was gone the
anilAiM-nnTiispd thpmselves with catching a . large
sha'rk jhar had been gazing wistfufly'at usTpas-
senders, for nerJav past, thinking fl'o'doubt how
finer n would be to become, loser acquaiiueiit nas been reeiveu ,Af
witl Jhe flavor of Caucasian meat: ' Indeed Ave!, In A ugusf'lasf , General Scott, with the Anier
hao?just proposed a swimming matph, thar is
Master Egbert aiiumyself, just before the pi
ratical old wretfh hvAni sight. His pilot fish,
a green one it nnistV fiave been, led him
to the hook, and in a few minutes he was flound-T armies took up positions, about two leagues uis
cringonour deck in a rather irritable state off tant "from each other. The vanguard of the
nerves. Jack soon cut him up, and put away
Lhis flesh in a barrel to Ie eaten in due season.
At noon the boat returned, bringing kalo, eggs,
fowls, and potatoes, a mammoth hog, &.c. We
inquired for the' morning's pa pern but the Wai
pians published none. However we got the
news that Consul General Miller slept in the
valley the night before, having come from Wai
mea, and that the " Juno" was at Kawaihae.
In the evening a light land breeze sent us along
to within 20 miles of Hilo. Sunday was as calm
as its predecessors; perhaps a little calmer.
Lapahoihoi, famed for the high price ofits
chickens, was close aboard; but as we wer 'well
stocked, its enterprising farmers had no oppor
tunity of trying the extent of our gullibility or
the depth of our purses. Beside it was the "Sab
bath." A stiller day never dawned. Mauna
Kea lay bare headed before us, not a cloud rest
ing upon its broad bosom. The sea was guilt
less of a ripple. Not a canoe was afloat, and
the shore, though displaying houses and culti-
vated patches, looked as if the "last man" had
deserted it. Au insect would have been fright -
ened at its own hum. i or a day of rest it could
not have been beat. Some one talked of Cole
ridge's " Ancient Mariner." Land breezes and
sea breezes, their causes, &c, were scientifically
discussed, with many sagacious predictions re
lating to ourselves. At last, all settled upon one
conclusion, that the sea had been so hot all day
that a laud breeze must come down that uight
from the mountain to fill up the vaccuuin occa
sioned by the rarified air. This bit of philoso -
phy was very consoling and proved true. At
night a light breeze did come and at daylight
Monday, the 11th we were entering the pictu
resque bay of Hilo. With one accord, as the
yatch glided bj' the luxuriant shores, w hich the
sun was just beginning to gild with its rays, it leagues from Mexiro, Gen. Scott rallied his
was voted the most charming spot of all Hawaii,! troops and again presented a strong front, caus
that we had yet seen. In contrast with Oahu, J "? r'n' Santa Ana to desist from any further
the verdure was ierfectly fascinating. The
mountains rising abruptly some 30 miles or'more
off, nearer come gently down toward the shore,
presenting forest clad flanks. Houses and culti va
tion multiplied as we sailed in. Spot after spot,
roin mtieally beautiful, formed by deep ravines!
or dells, through which cascades came tumbling
and pitching into the sea, amid groves of cocoa
nut, kukui, bread fruit and banana trees, under
which in the quiet shade snugly lay native huts,
burst upon our view, each calling forth a freh
expression of delight and praise. A score of
Paul and Virginias could have been accommo
dated with the most select sites for " love in a
cottage." The native population just awake,
gazed upon our pretty craft with as much ad
miration as we did upon their lovely shores.
111- m, . .
Unc whale ship was 111 port, rhc breeze lasted
. 1 , 1 ,
just long enough to carry us to the anchorage,
opposite to the mission-house. How we got
ashore and what wc did ashore, we will reserve
for our uext.
" Sandwich Islands News," Vol. 2, No. 1.
This paper comes to us in altogether a new
shape, and we may add character. The numler
before us is neatly printed, while its editorials
and selected matter bear evidence of altogether
different management and views from those that
characterized the 1st volume. If it be continued
in the same tone and spirit, we feel confiJent the
public will sustain it. It has the more claim
upon them, from the fact that it is puMilicd and
edited by clever and enterprising practical print
ers, who are disposed in earnest to make their
paper independent of all party cliques and de
voted to the interests of the foreign residents at
large. As it is now introduced, we hail its ap
pearance in the editorial field with pleasure, and
shall be ready to reciprocate w ith it such courte
sies as may mutually conduce to good will and
the best interests of our respective spheres. The
publisher, and we believe proprietor, is Mr. W.
J. Wilson, formerly printer of the Friend, and a
compositor in our office. The terms are ft i.er I
annum; advertising, the same rates as our:j
which in truth are almost too low to ensure suc-
cess in a private undertaking unless the patron
age is liberal.
The late news from Mexico is more than
ever unfavorable for peace. Notwithstanding
the American forces had as it were the .Mexican
capital in their possession, the resistance of the
.Mexicans was more determined than ever. The'
fact that Santa Ana had been nblc after so many
deteats to re-organize a larger army than ever, !
speaks well for the patriotism and bravery ofi
the Mexicans. Oil the other hand, the dastardly
treachery of Santa Ana, will stimulate the Amer-I
can troops to twofold ardor in order to aveno
so signal a violation of the laws of war, and of,
.11 lionrv K:.l C . 1 T t. III .
" ""I-"- ui-iit-iai a ayior wouiii nave
known the old fox better and would not have
been caught napping upon the security of his
word. We shall look forward with irrn:ir inAuJ
rest to the official details of these transactions,!
which as we now have them, through. Mexican
sources oniy, cannot he wholly relied upon.
To J. J.'Jarves, Esq., Editor of the Polynesian:
Sir, I perceive by an article headed !).
Eateh," you assert that the ship'-Minstrcl was in i
jverpool w hen the Tagus sailed. On reference
mm mat tne .Minstrel sailed from Liverpool the I
21st of the samft mnnlh l',.r K.t V:!. .u I
Tanis did not lM th f..., . ' .: "u , !
'- i. uniii me X4i
ofIar- . u. .
by inserting this in your nexf number, you
n in uuugc oir, jur mosi oocuient servant,
SAMCEL C. GlBSOX.
When we have been led into error through
wrong information we are veryglad to be set right !
News in Honolulu at the best is as Sambo said !
of the white man. a mi.lov I
- - - -e j ..n iuaiuf :
ter." hut rtv n-hfit mra n , ;
' d - - t vuii uiva. 11 i. ami.
those of our readers who have better sources of!
- . - 1
informationcan always confer a favor by giving
u iuc gcuuiue amcie, wnen we are led off the
CO" The Consul of France and familv sailed
for Hanalei, in the French ship Gange, on the
iM, leaving his clerk, M. Wirt, in charee of his
Consulate till his return.
,Xater from Jleiico.
By.5yt.rLuo, of.jbeChtfeaa bark Natalia,
which tfrived on tbe'Jd.vWt.; the following news
j , c-
vanced from Puebla. upon the capital. A few
leagues from Mexico, he was opposed by Gen
Santa Ana at the head of 30,000 men. 1 he two
Mexican army, under the command of General
Valencia, moved in advance and skirmished with
the American outposts. Santa Ana ordered
General Valencia not to risk a general action,
but to fall back-upon the maiu body. This Gen.
Valencia refused to do, and contrary to orders,
engaged General Scott, who defeated him with
great loss. The American army rapidly follow
ing up their advantage, came upon the main body
of the Mexican army aud dispersed them. Gen
Scott proceeded on ami took up a position close
to the city of Mexico, but did not enter it. Gen
Santa Ana sent him a flag of truce, proposing a
susiension of hostilities. This, after some little
negotiation, was agreed upon. The truce was
to le for forty d.tys, during these neither army
was-to change its position, nor reinforce itself,
and before recommencing hostilities, forty hours
previous notice was to be given on both sides,
The truce having been made, General Scott
sent into Mexico 50 orfO.eart for vegetables
&d other provisions of w hich his army were in
- wa,lt- T,,e Mexican population received them
i hostilely, but Santa Ana sent in some troops to
juell the row, and the American carts returned
It appears that for a few days afterwards there
was some correspondence between the two gen -I
craI- in chief, in regard to the truce they bad
agreed upon. On the faith of that truce, Gen
Scott allowed bis army to rest, clean their guns
and other accoutrements. While thus off his
guard, Santa Auu made a right attack upon the
J American camp, with his whole force. The
-mencans were urivcn uacK nve or six leagues,
suffering a loss of 3000 Mexican prisoners that
a i. m t
they had Ik-fore taken from Gen. Valencia, of j
alxxit 1500 men killed and wounded, and of some
artillery. But at the distance of about 3 or 10
The Americans were very indignant at the
j alledgcd treachery of Santa Ana, which is said
to have offended even some of his own generals.
It apjears that on this side of the Continent
d"- American land and naval forces are about lo
capture Guyamas, Mazatlan, San Bias and Acn
pulro. The Natalia left Mazatlan on the 27th Sep
tember, but touched at Suit Jone, ami having
met the U. S. Frigate Congress, the captain took
all his Mexican newspHcrs containing the de
tails of that news.
A Magnificent Steamboat. One of our
late letters froui New York contains the follow
ing description of a new North River steamboat.
fo those who I-ft the LTnited States before such
; - " tail. f KIKI k-lUIU UlllfIC 711111
i .J r . i . i- -,,
j luxury was displaced m this line, it will prove
It is needless to observe it is
from a lady's penr
" 1 must tell you of a North River steamer I
visited some days since, called the Isaac.New ton.
I never coulJ have conceived such nfiignificcnce
in the boat line. It is 3 10 feet long, so that n
person at one end can scarce recognize'a friend
at the other. The ladies cabin is very elegantly
fitted up, the U rths having lice and damask
draperies. The carpets are real Wilton, the
furniture like that of an elegant draw ing room
of carved walnut and el vet coverings. The
w ood w ork of the boat is all claltorately carved,
in par snow-white interspersed with rfch gild
ing. A winding staircase leads to the upper sa
loon, in w hich one may find orange trees and
tine paintings. As you enter, the emip d'n uil is
quite Versailles like. It is of great length, with
a vaulted roof of stained glass, with superb mir
rors reflecting and inultiplving the orcunanN.
The furniture is walnut, in the latest French
style, consisting of couches, divan-, tete a tetes,
&e. The state rooms are at the sides, some as
large as small chambers. One of them had a
double bed in the shape of a car, w ith a canopv
! of crimson damak and gold the pillow raw
,ri,,1',l 'l a"'1 vcrv thing in the most recherche
MJ e Wa9 tnolher wi,h l'!ue and silver
trimmings. These are the bridal state moms.
The machinery of the boat, being enclosed in a
net of fanry bronze work, nt a little distance
looks like a handsome organ. I cannot give you
any correct idea of the magnificence of this
riiTs. in our last we were in
j error m !Statin? that the American ships lately ar-
n 1 ,,rouS"t ' wine. We derived our
""'filiation from the deputy collector, who was
,m,,er ,hal 'npresion at the rune he informed us.
,Ie smre rorrec-ted the mistake, by stating
I n;H ,ne '"wtrel landed 103 boxes of wine in
,H1"'' l,u no,, M 'rt ha been entered for con
Miimiif inn OlI r. u :
minever were more
particularly applicable, to ardeni-spirits, and
mat sense they were Correct.
Since-writing thri above. ve have em K- r.l
,,Mvi"? Jcu J'esprit in "the "News," upon this
tol,,c- ,l a fair Editors are not eiven to
lining autvrusemcnis, as tne " ew" well
knows, and we plead especially guilty to the
ai1 (Mi aa . 1 Aa T . a
i ac i in i ins case:
W ho Impost tm- A r. r - o , . .
well to give h
i . . rfiT-r -it is
U to give honor to whom hoiutf U due in this
ivnesion oi atnh nltl, ,
Will Chamnnjrne. s;civ Z.7irn
Porter intoxicate? Are all of r rSIi Z
i ..... . ' our miiKl in
i-c V ." " "m ",u ,r WI "e l olvnesian
i"i"i in us now II Ua
Minstrel and Amrola
two of the long advei
ppens that if the Mfdorsf.
rought no anient unrltH.
I .. . 1IIVU Kl iM.xr UI9
columns ami bring profits into his ixn-kets in
more ways than one, houl contain alt of the
above articles in the li.t of-ood on mIc? Smie
Jf0!"0 may 1,01 c'l hem ""Anient Spirits," but
, tl " ir"nk core''-we've en
. . e 01 1 . "' ana "hough it too
iiinr, ana some nu.rm niAnAf
tilterinr tTwa .k- .
I. ,aaa a -w I W - aiiaw
- . . m mrj .iiiit- mm mw run am
i.- 1 . . -minor
I l"y7 w used- First pluck out the
we once reaa in mmn ht 5
K The Russian bark Silka arrived on Thurs
day, direct from Sitka, Eouud for St. Peterab.rg.
She has 43 passengers. Reports the Alexander
to arrive here, in January, with a cargo of fish,
lumber, &c. Provisions were abundant . if
hatka, but high, being furnished from Ochotsk.
Lit from tut Uhitcd. StatxsT
aori. We are indebted to Joel Turrill
U. S. Consul, for the perusal of the X iT
of July 24th and the New Orleans PicattL
July 25tb, brought by a bearer of Sdespatcl
California. The ruiliriral new !u In... .r
r 1 "" oi
moment, uen. laymr remained atSaftilu
garrison. Six new regiments and several"
talions had been ordered to join him, and
expected that he would be prepared to n,
The deathsin J"era Cruz, froui Majt
16, were S 16. ' ' l
1. . - .....
juoney was uecoming & utile tighter
stocks had fallen a shade. Whale oil wJ
cu.; 5jerni, i,ua; Bone -jo lo 3U cts.
The dates from London are to July 3d. j
distress in Europe had iu great measure ttj,
and harvests promised abundant.. Cottoti
auvanceu xni, ana tne money market unpn,
The emigration to America continued
as ever. .
O'Conneir remains were jsent from, Rcij,
Engl ind. Father Matthewhad. jeceivej
sion oi jljuk) irom me Hueen. - .
Intelligence of the attack of Gov. Davi
the forts at the Bogue, had just reached Lot.
CO" Capt. Griswold, of the American
ship Audley Clarke, of NewpoVtTlabonnji.
temporary insanity, cut his throafoir8uBi
Oct. 21. He was taken ashore'the wound 4J
ed, and hopes were entertained of his nxw
but on Sunday last, he breathed his last.
was interred in Nunana Cemetery, when
remains were attended by the ship masten
port and a number of residents. The flat
the shipping were at half mast on Suodav J
Monday, the day of his interment, k
Theatre. The committee of arrangpfc
have issued proposals for a plan for a theatr
accommodate not less than 500 spectator?, jn-
tiers of boxes and a pit; 2jrtbe premiun
the one accepted. We hope thBuilding wj
so arranged as to afford accommodation furU
tures, concerts and other public meeting If
it will le highly serviceable, independent ot
DO-We publish this week a fuH Jescriiti
the Ametjemi bip Minstrel, now in ourhar
It is takerffxom the Boston Post of Marrhj
If the stern of the Minstrel partook of the h
less symmetry of the bow, she would be an
ship. Her spars are among the neatest wep
saw. Take her as a w hole she is indeed m
Craft. ' - -l.
DO" H. B. M.'s S. Juno, Capt. Blake, a-r
on Wednesday (last week) from "her
around the islands. She visited Kauai. Kir
Iiae, Kealekekua ami was last from Hilo. C
sul Gew ral Miller made the cruise'i her
Juno sailed on the 5th inst, for Valnar
Weatheb. The southertr wind has det
juite a fleet of vesIfsr;H. B. M.'s S. .
succeeded in towing out orr Friday mornint
the " Brutus" for New York, the " Angola
California, "Georgian" for 'Tahiti ami
" Medora" for Manila, are awaiting a 'wuul
. u .
CO" The Chinese Junk of which we jjx4
year ago; has an ived safely in New York.
cit with her curiosities, 73,000, and duuiJ
will prove a good speculation
On I lib ApnLJSVi llnjrlhnk. rarh nt U
ciMiul i,f Ar. rV..ll:u.J. W TLL1B, kiotha ut tlx t
irrw t.-rtuii tirimioa later richlT-drt rr.
In lloaoluiu, Ckt 31, r.t. (avwuM, nwer f v .
hip Aiklit-v Clark'. The JrcrumrJ mmmm ..!.. mi
ir.ri.-M. it . .
In the . II. n-.wlan.l for N.-B lLH.,r. tt - rJ
IIy anil lixtr rhl'ih. Mr. Dil.hb-.'vMiM W li.hhfc.Itm
raililrrn, "i MauX Euirnwa, wuMouarir of toe
la Ihe Currrnc Laa for Saa Fninr --- at fl?J
and A. n. Ab. II. . I
la lue Hralu. (. Nw Vorfc Vr J. r R r.rO..R 4
lun.al, trnl Muirr k'. Tm rk. I
,l" -?! I.T Tabili Mr. Krl!, Mra. V.afc
Mm Wlh. and Mr IUr. Au.eri. n luoiul i- Tit
In the 4 frmn Tahiti Mr. Imii brm I
lit iar .1 alalia from Valpanuan (Vaur traaciwa f
. uur aud Juan Mamu I I.iku. piiix-rrarro. I
la iIm? Malta llch-na frrouf Miuirm
Mr. Urn. and Mr. W ut. Hoom-b. anon-carv.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Oct. iT II.
B. . Jaao, CM. Blair, fta mna
h lur Val:.aatao. V V. I
Snilrd oa the M
tx-i. a-1U. achr. S. , Mullen, JO da & T!ul M
rrrhm.'ie 10 J J. l araDav ail i'
Ana whale ahia Triloa, lWmnr, brm BeiilorJ, 14 '
I.1M araaun. -
. wuaia ma KIiiIib la. I u. R-rtarb.-.' x-
Aai avaalM aarni II.m-.im ' - 1.. v-.J- ..-.. 1
31 A.i whale .uip Carlaad, Crowcll, Mew Bcdlwi,-t
(M)ap, Oaciu. a. J. . !
ami mic ai.it, Jtha Jajr.Itararaad, Sai Htrtw.r
p. 3J.i aih, lv araaiMi. ,,4 . . t
Am whaU tiip Joha. StandlonL N-- Beihbrd. 44
p. 60 h. 4o p Ihw araaon. J
-J:' rtn"i JtUom. SL John, X. t:;i
i l3uap.fco akmm. '
7" , h,!C?u b"k alalia, Laco, aafmSat
,o. 4 Ant at kale ship South Roatoo, flour, furls
nw, no rrvorl.
4 1 bib-fin merrbant ahip Maria TTeVe, Crpl-r. XiA
Li da fut M-mtmy, wnhuaMt lva"artarr. j
Ft. wkale ahia Vi'le da Rk'Aaaa. ta rr&U
Aw merchant ahip Brutnt, Adama, New'Yark?
2 T Cerjia, Kelly, Takui,--5
ahip Mcdura. Mto Manila?
Oct 27-Fr rhr fWreae j t. tic? "v iin Pnx
1 Japan, Riddle, .Naatarkcr.Wcn'
Trtiiia, lipraeer, New Bedford, UV J-
Vr I' LVrtmuu3 -. . t
. ASmham Barker, Bra, in, Sem&L.., I rT.
3l-Caa-,jwlrt. iew HrUor? i
f.rtaaf, ritwell. New Bedford, rruia.. -
J:1- J C-i J- BlU.tM
w . - -r
laadai aha tka r-nortJ Balltk'
board, of which waairvern. Oathe ht-fi5
P'nihT,r,irura oa tkawtk eape of t"rr 1
pajl)a talaad. oae of Ihe absaa luaJ itn iht &i
"f " iwiri iaa wreck, waeaari"-j .
eompletcly abaadoerd. All lha boaM grm aad 4
acmitled, whero, to all appeoraa-, the, ,I takra ' V
taw una, all the aula but Utoae wkirw wen beJly n J
wo-aion. Capt. If. ki of oplalow Uai aote akipk!'':
there aad I a kea Ibe crew aad kaaa atT. ,
Tba Maria lleleaa left at Maaterey, I. S. S. Warrr,' y
Unmaaj Anericaa ahip AJmillaaa. (prnw Enlo
Williaaa, laal froai (taa Blas and bri Sfakk AJbrl, "'!
a few da;a Ibr tba Reward aorta. " TV Wia Eupeahr,
WW, aad brtf rraacawa, MeClo.., aatlad aboW Oct t
th leeward porta. The aria E kiaaa.it. Xlmr. waa w a ' ,
rw ars awai Baa rraac4aoaroe ihfci Met.
Tha Ptebla bad loaa ta rauia. MawcUa mrCi
Taaackaoaer rratUcaea. beat a. arrlTtd atSsa 'r.
Am whale ahip oia Branck laux Xm Be
whale, litfo araaiia. '
arah, rurrmiriiMi. Mattapobet JacU 7l;VT'uf 5r-
.JCT.Capt. nwie, of rjj-vaa). whale atribaVtb B'"!
H 4, ' tfcfc Xrt, reportavibat a apakt ? t
wHaj bark Fa8n, Ca.JDealade, oa ihe 4ih
aaToit Krtnel'a Llaadai aha'lh-a kmnJ aaink'
J J '
I a .-.
f -J-W -"Ja;V