Newspaper Page Text
C7 The British mail Steamer Tweed was
wrecked last January, tmt 'probably few of
our readers have Otet with the particulars of
the scene, which wasQtieVVT the most re
markable in the "annals f shipw reck. The
following is from.tli1toniDaU7AdTer-
tiser.of May lo: vvy -Jf .
The Wreck op ihe British West Ixdia
Mail teamer tTwEEDWe published an
account of thetotal wreck of thhr vessel,
with the loss of a part of the passengers,
and. the imminent peril .of the residue, . a
short ne aAer its occurrence. No full de
scription q,the,e vent, however, had at that
time reached us. The late English papers
give a very full and interesting narrative o
the appalling accident, and ot ine extreme
peril; and the great suffering w hardtS
encountered by evert penn " boafi;J
well as ttne Humanea ojiert!3iea e5
ertions of tWoejicajpr; V4'V 'officers
to whom the. survivors- of &djsterlwere
indebted' for, their preservat jp. We cofy
the following.'abridgpdtn'rrative oCthff dis
aster from the London Tjmesir-v V .'
TKe narrative which we pufefdjlied yesterday
'fjbe loss, ,of the ipweed, 6'mluAed,nta
yiost strikog'. degrv almost every 'texture
of the peculiar interest .wJfch'iri this, nation
has always attached jo "per. j?F, tbeTgf eat
dteu.- Thcror was.thc.dreiidfur.ihi'pwreck in
the, dead of the" night,' tie" dentition on the
rock". the; fortitude and esourcesf which
struggled almost against hopetejjjj, and. at
lastjsnatched from .the serf fiaifjts pfey; the
discipline whicklryjvVtf ajl Mangersj-nd
tience pi anxious. expectaUpttd Ui joy j
oLtfce seas would hate been alparadise com
pared to the pape In-wfnch the survivors
found themselves wjiea" day began to dawn
on their WYetjhedpeia.They "were on tlie
Alacan reefs, adedg'e of rocks always un-
der w"ater, pf2-a depth varying from two feet
at low tide toisix feet at full How, m ith holes
here nd , there of many 'fathoms. About
600 y ara'distant appeared a' fragment of the
the yivention.ijrhicicsHrmountea garjaunyiJt
ies: the enterpriscoCa Cmhope.'the' pa-.
structivaafe. , tPt 3 itf ihe mbryi'
hruv rn Ktb?bthe good o,f-the
port; befor? 4 b'clbck"she had gone to pietVsiJ cojnt whiqfe is so rig
W:' 'n-SiK-'ji ji J the slishtest and mosi
..i; -ro in tbeRoyal navv,
i.ii!?J lw'io tpenseTwith io.aserj;ice which mvolv
-r ti,.. w :'Ane,ii enormous, risks of life and property,
island -'"The wilder and most.ee isleH magnificcntr vessels, and
r ilJ r :..u v, n.M.i;,i, res
hip, id midway wrs" a kingpile cf wreckti4ing passengers to' "the noble ahd disinter
and rulif .which fortunately acted in some
sorJT a.Vbreakwater to tlie surf. Huddled
togetRerra these-rpisefeble shaljows amongst
weeds, wavesand wreck; sat ihe-survivoA
TfceZfir ipajercf those stpopg enough
crawl and: splash- aboijt Ttfieir narrowoorl
was to ascertain whafstotes of value to their
presenjt'noed wereT recoverable from"' the
fragment of the wrevfewarlicles of
clotuiyg, a bottle-jor two of wineJi.UUe' oat
fUeal, and some pur, "wer rescued from the
sea,1 and tbenftwas: debited what t possible j
chance tfc'ej migjft.dif co'f er for thdir lisres;. ,
The nearest cba waVlhat ofucatan, near
70 miles, to the 5outnward, -hut-; how was"
thisjlobet jeachd? Had a boat been saved
there Jivould slilhayd beenjjiope, but the life
boat "end -'tkecutter $a4 Been dashed to
pieces, and the-juTWat had her entire stem
tofh utf andCwas-Etbve'in the stern, bottom,.
and sides'i-YetsuchVs it xr?, thi3 last was
fixc A6jv,gs4boiiiy chance, and without
itLercarpeuler.ot to6js,ta ,set to wprk- to
patch it far ViJO m3el'run .ma'raost mis
chievous 'sea?. A iaromfix-was'made from a
$ppperj3olt, nd rtles3! jCere set to collect
jjcn nails pa the.couldfind about the pieces
pf, wreck.. l-4joiclocV iupic iiafteinoon
they 1iadaCxhafetSi.their resources upon her
, siid UjwaitheicgMifchc.' might possibly swim.
The chif'occrf Tvithsixmen, was then ap
gpjmted to the charge tho Admiralty agent
thefAmeiican v Consul embirking with
theTittle -crew . Providentially . one of -the
. ship ,gcoi&jljhsse& had beefv found uninjured;
;so, whh this'Snd-a moJic'uJm of provision the
forlorn hope ser-out for thlt mainland, in the
hope: of 4 falling ia.:. withy some e aistance for
theiioor cojnpaniorfeAll this-" while such
jorganizauosFX)i ineir power as was practica
ble' had tjsen ejected on the retft The ofiV
CQrs caargea memseives wun tneir separate
duties and euporinrended--he 'willing"pas
,engers anflhebjqdienlcrew. thirties wpre
. regularlyJolAioff for thigrtbRt wirk which
1migt4jmise best.for ipgenf ral god, and
or4'?ytcnirdjf 'wcr'y wher- pre
6edfIeantimey howverKflle, tide-had
. bee.' flowing, and. they had' no' means of
KnowrMie - iucli - ii nuvuu not rise 10 sutu
hetht as t wamp exen th'eir present lodg-
ment , In thre feej .water tl)4y, ;felt steady
andhopeful,ibnteix-or seven feel would end
their stru 22 rthd" their sufferings at once.
Alf irtjJWer.ehenturneJ to the construe
tia'Ca'timbeHlound, on the top of which
tneyx. "rlir aw; : Uthe tide., 4. here 1wa9.no
. lackoLwrV)odiiBd a pil? presently W-ose
. which might well have pr0Ved;pnejal pile
X "Tbf them. 'They had nQrnaTerials fast-
t-ifig ii.wnaiever ncuncr nans nor,.cora
wooden jpnbldganizedtheir forces,
reclaimecTa Iklle mre. provision. and"even
procured aTlight and a 'fire,.--"Their ratjajgt'
were served out witn the sKictcst economy,
and their stock hoarded with the greatest
care 'Byrgreatjngsruity they succeeded ii
"erecting, apparatus whjgli actually disfille
. fomT"' uP fresh wate- p.er hour, anl the
TprodL z', ys carefully- 1odi and set aside,
for'c:. -ft" v.
iThey had-iow been ree days and three
lughtoofr thjreefthe ship had gone to pie-
. t4rclocV on the Jniprning of Friday,
''-sittd Mopa3femorning wow shinipg upon
he'ufyiv6,ni 6f ie roj They had decided
to wait (.a kjlbr su&ek, nhd, failinf such
at length tok then, though not without far
ther hazard and ' ercrd difficulty,' from their
perilo;U9: post. . Tiiej had the happiness of
n oynog jnearv-oeiiveranc to ineir ownntery
nise. In the darkness of thCrfiht their. lit
tl barirlrS.d lheiaygroped."V,il way oof-of
thc rieyanrTCtngmercildllyravored by a
fair wmd ahdrfalm seiJfliaK-lengft made
the'land, and found a msTchala brig in the
offingyta which they t .d the first tidings
fifthewreckr sf '
Tueconduct of the captaifi and crew f
thh vessel demands a record,- but dispense
"6f WV"'Vrs X , s,RftS HWd lufckr still pronounced; but-rio
w-their Sa count it rYou maycount lG
verv level of the raft." but did not rfverwheimlTv vr . 1. r
i.'j it-.L ,'1, , - . in a minuie y.oui.iei us even suppose
' 7! the, nCXt bb a-"t " 1 neXi Rt' you may go-as far as'20a 'then an
"o"1" V'.V ""I'v-. 1 hnnr will -nrnliino -T IMWI a luf, Ofl non
lonune.-io-s'cr.swucv-a.iioaung rau ana toi
Irtheiriirxl bark in quest ofnd. But at
A i k. m. on this day Ja sail hove in sight, and
with comment? akegardless of his cargo,
which waa tying" on the beach for shipment,
forgetful of his passengers, who were wait
ingfbr him in port, fearless of a risk which
was staring him in the ikce.'Bernando Camp
the iommander of the Em ilio," hurriedly got
soraewater; on board, " and crowded all sail
towards the dangerous shallows.-', Bringing
to abreast of the ; rocks, he lowered a boat
with provisions and "necessaries, which he
himself conveyed to, the crew on the raft,
amongst whom, 'he . at once took his own
place, assuring all ly this free participation
of their lot, thatlus vesgel would never leave
thera.tHl their reueVasVtjomplete.. AfW
mauy devices andso'me Mangers," they were
rejected all recptflpeViSe Xcr the Tcosts and
nnr.e. -the nature" of-the wreck. lheAla
cranes lie fight in tlre course from i Havana
fk Vm r!.!!- . iiT-atithe tuna the sin D
iTsfrUCkshe.wai intended and; supposed to be
too. that 'the ship was .thul'fakerTotSt of her
bourse in the verv teeth of, a " Xorthert"
iTjich4iad been blbwjng for. some time pre
viqus,with great tiolence. The cloddy
weather 's said to have precluded any solar
obseryationsY either on Wednesday or Thurs
day, but tjie captain was on deck and drthe
alert anthe thrie'ofthe accident, and it is due
b iiim "to'say that heTdischargedw ith exem-
filary care, the'doubletlutics which devolved
country, that an ac
idly exacted for even
k self-evident accident
should be altogether dis
ponsible commanders, n inquiry is aue
to the companyand the public, and we sin-
cereloppe that the prudence ana judgement
of theAiuicers concerned, may be placed as
clearly beyond question, as the, fortitude
and . patieuoewun wnicn ,uey: iaceq,. ine
fate and ih& .enterprise and, skill byAvhic
iuey. aymtu ii. . , t -
".The following is thecertificate $f the sur
. - -. 1 it
ested dxerfrons pf Capt. Camp and M. Villa-j
veTuereierrey 10 lnae aoovu uarruiiie. oucu
conduct, for the credit.of the vessel, as well
as in the.performance of an act of justice to
the parties,- should be put on record for the
, Sisal, Feb. 19. We, the ' undersigned,
captan'and officers of the Royalmail steam
jacket "f veed, on belialf rf.purselves and
of the ship's company '; and 'we.'also, pass-eCgers-by.that
vessel, wrecked on the shoals
of the Alecranes,r: the morning of the 12th
instant, are desirous of "Vxp'ressing, in the-
strongest .terms, our hearttclt gratitude to
Captain Bernardino Camp,' and to Don Guil
IcrmoVillaverde, iief officer of the Span
ish brig Emilio. Lnder the blessing of Al
mighty God, they have, by their noble and
disinterested conduct, been the means of
preserving 79 souls from a most horrible
late, 'and, in" making the attempt, have not
hesitated to encounter every risk.,
From the firsf moment that their ajd was
sought, it '.was most generously' given, and in
the execurien of their-purpose, they have
displayed the' promptest and. most skilful
judgment. ' - r',r.SZ '
yWeTiave, each and all of us, individually
endeavored to exprc3our IdeeiTleering of
thankful gratitude to our preservers. '" .
"Wc now publicly joiitinthe attcmpf, with
a hope Jhat others besides" ''ourselves, may
paV their tribute o"f "admiration to the suc
cessful" accomplishment of a most 'gfcncrousj
. Here follow the namely" ",.
To Captain rjqii-Bemardino Camp" and Don
Guillermo VVillajVerde, of the Spanish brig
Emilio, -. ' - ;"V
The British Government, on a report of
the ,clj;Cicastances, deemed it their duty to
offe-alitting estimonial of the conduct of the
Spanish captain. In the House of Commons
on the I6th of April, an inquirvas made of
he rrime 31inister. respecting the matter, to
pvhich Lord Jbhn Russell replied that Her
IMaiosty, had determined to mark her sense
'of the gallant conduct of the Spanish' cap-
tain, m no nao rescued tne survivors irom me
wreck-, of the Tweed, by. directing: "Lord
Auckland torojose to him -the acceptance
of a medal, "on which should be recorded the
services he had rendered to.thejsurvivors of
rthat unfortunate ship-wreck, and to oTTot'Ihiii
at the same time, the sum of JU,09jr (Loud
A Ccriocs Calcclatiox. W4iat'"i.4j a
billion. ; The reply is very simple'amiH-
lon Jii&tea million. 1 his is quic
and 'j'lffo days' 105,-1 J 0,000.' Let
ua cil pjjqrr; ai.Jiv luui .-luaui, -a tllju ulllllllli
of his existenVvJfidd 'begurn'fo count,-had
continued tp'-rlo so,' and Was--counting still ;
he-would fbot even now," according to the
usually "supposed, age of our globe, h'avel
f uuuieu near enougn, , x or -io count a pili-
ion ne wouiu require p.aivr years, days,
5 hours, and 39 minutesT je--. '': -,
... J. i-V, .
. -IfewsBOT1i. Wit. A gentleman cros'sing
nfeof ourrStT ferries the other day, was. ac
costed by.ohe of those peripatetic venders,
wno are to be found in. shoals 'about all pur
publi(f)laces with -JjSy Bulwer's last 'work
sir. ?.tT0ly twV. shilliSg i The gentleman.
Captain Camp, and Hf.- Villaverde, his chief just . a a
matereuisea a suoscnp unuT,a ""f l uul
r.i..;i' Kr.nn?3ndiB'ott-ners ofthe brifflaro
charges Ihcurrea in misaci 01 cuany .,
Wehjl, ; perhaps knowV.morq. hereafter,
of the iause of .this -terrible disaster. A
elanccf iftfliRip? will 'slicw -our readers at
about BMdway el ween l&erreei una.ine mue
snme Si rnllel from each. It is remarkable
"VF;! thc;"rch'and forthe sTock of all kinds, a
S' tIraviB"I-er 7,sflfrV-0ff weWanefbesetting extravagance,
WSPnt the Ind. and Whiarwnnr- In mnthur at .. . , '
Vsent the lad,"and whispering to another, at
a little distance excited ' his wonderment at
the iuformatfon he had tq ifrtnart. Eyeipg
the pfetend1 ;iauthor)f ' Pelham' with a
- 't ".. ... ......
kiot;Mrs.-.E!TlisJ' -: df6ourse'Mhe proposed
-iii.' ju. sirs xau are
eie was enecteo. gw lork raper.
-'JCr An Irish doctor advertises that the
1 deaf. mafie ar of him at a house ia tiffey
Burn, wuvre mso on oiioa paiienis may see
him from Veri till three. 1-
TH E POLY N ESIA-.N. SAT U RJ)j Y flMSC'E MB E It
Domestic SLivtar iif MEircpTb-
Lo,d5s Republican; has an excel' "i
pondeatAow with the army iirL;i, r0
draws 'some' graphic pictures offeXnners.
and customs of the Mexicans'!, .rC'A-??
the details which he furnishes r ;th move
mentis and doings of the ariny .f 7- sr
are signed 4 illihois'' and Gqvi fin pceashA
al exVeSsioniinf3r. thatVIXwrier;
either the cotumander or aregimeniai pincer
of the. Illinois'1 voluftes. -i0 fbU&wing
extrjactr"ffiving an account of one bt tb$.Vdr-
plantation and pegiges are leased
ItA jjvuioiuiiu. . '
more than thousand. peonS.,- .
nmaiana .1 in enmf imr.ipnnaiuere
TkSa ovefom n r.oAnnrrp'iQ ISnft InT thfi most
singular characteristics jof -Mexico. By the
constitution of Mexife,Svjircbwent into, oper
ation in 1831, " slavery'. foreyerprohibit
ed in Mexico." Yet'ootwithstadding this
provision, there is no country in the world
where, the slavery of mind and body is more
abiect than in Mexico.' If is true there are
fnone called slaves -the title is " domestie
them and the power of the master over them
are as great as those possessed by the slave
holders of the Southern United States over
theif slaveg! , V'-af
A Mexican may . become a peon in two
ways voluntarily, by contract, agreeing to
become a peon for wages, agreed upon be
tween the peon and his master to whom he
ells himself, or involuntarily,,where n Mex-
lean is sold Jor aeDi, or is soiu oy u pareui
for debt, or ether cosideration.
Mexicansare strangely fond of gaudy
clothing and trappings for their horses. To
obtain these, they will run in debt to the
sacrifice of their liberty. 1 he lower class
es are particularly fond of .wearing silver
buckles on their hat-bands. Al Monclova, I
heard a French woman, who resided there,
pointing to a Mexican, exclaim " Whai a
foolthat fellow M'l he sold himself to be a
peon to buy that hat-band."
When a man wishes to get a sum of mony,
or some articles, he -applies to a wealthy
man lornnein. V Dargain is struct uy which
he becomes indebted to his more wealthy
neighbor in a certain sum. .This sum, he
agrees to liquidate in domestic servitude, at
a stipulated price per month, which in North
ern Mexico, ranges from two to'six dollars
per month. Wheh a man has become in
debted to another 'and is unable to pay, he
often has no alternative but to make a simi
lar agreement. -r
rIf.a debtor is unable or unwilling to pay,
his - creditor goes "before thealcalde nd
makes, his complaint: . Tlie alcalde directs
Lhim"o notify the debtor to" come , heore him.
This notice is given, and if not obeyed, the
debtor is sent for and punished for contempt.
..;' i At i L i.
lue purufs are mus uruu"iii euiuuiaruv uc
fore the alcalde, .who hears the statements
of both partie3r sometimes under oath, and
often without administering any whatever;
when there is a difference in the statements
of'the parties so as to make the alcalde
doubt, he hears witnesses. If he is satisfied
what decision he should make, "he decides
upon'the verbal statements of the.partics. If
the decision is against.'1 the .debtor, he is or
dered to pay the amount due the creditor
at ortce.r and if he is. not able to do it, he isl
lprthwitlu imprisoned m the calaboose." If
the 'debt -6tiII remains unpaid and the creditor
requests it, the debtor is brought up and sold
for the amount of'the debt, which he is to
pay in wages' of from two to five dollars per
month t The debtor thus becomes a peon
until he discharges the debt,,.
. Peons have the privilege of changing
. i ...... i r J - 1 - - m I. "
loasicrs ny gemng some oe eise m jay me
debt jJiey owe. When this is done, a trans
fer oMhe right .to the peon takes place, and
he has to serve his -new master as he had
his first owner. ' -; ,
. 1 am aware thatlhis system of sellins men
ior oeni is saia 10 ue flgaiiisi iu. iasui
1 I " 1 a V : a a I I
Mexico. But I know, beyondjall question,
that itll the universal custom in"' Northern
Mexico, anf that under it, thousands arc
held i bondage fqc- life. Neither is there
anv chanca for'.redress bv aimcal. as a noor
J . fl , f
nntncncrcd man stands, uui a poor cnance ior
justice m a .exican couri. ror u is -no;
si r . a I
tonous, . that the decisions-or the, Mexican.
courts, '.fed of the alcaldes esBeciayrare
given accordinelo the caprice-ier bribery' of
the judge. : '
Women become peons in Jhesame way as
men, but most generally by contract. " .
WhCn a man becoines8rpeon, he removes
his family, if he has one, to some house, or
ratlfer hut, provided . for him by his master..
By law or custom, (the latter being ormuch
the most' validity,) there are allowed to each
peon, two almodes'of "corn, (about half a
bushel) each week, which is given to him
usually .on Sunday "morning. This is all the
prqvisibon a master has to make for his peon.
All hi other food, and all his clothing, the
perm has toprovide for himself. This want
itf" provision fo the cloth1 in and sustenance
oir clothing, or other articles, a regular ac
count is or should be kept of them, and" they
become an addition to the .J.ebt which the" pe-j
1 " 4 "J I ' 1.. -I.
on originally owtu. - ..-urn yeiore ue -can oy
tain his fi-eeddmjhe has" to pay these ney
debts as well as the oldTohe. No one will
trust a peon JepllsVmaster, 3r le has.no
means of payment' ."The: Mepaisar,hcH
foriously an'mprovidnt extravagant peo-
piq. v nen tney-sean.object, wen a Dau
bje, which they desjetjiey.will seek to at
tain hy-even at the exjVnse of. freedom. And
thus, by supplying theactuajwants, and
pandoring to the vitiated- taste'oF tjie peons,
for gaudy finery, the master keep his peons
in pefpetual"subiectron.r ' V ' r
It is very jrarelvheb a man once becomes
a peon, mat nev lever-alter attains his tree
com. Kine ex.trene low rate ot wages, the
smalt price paid for "the products of the soil,
and his real
peoft in unending bondage
The custom of the country requires that
there be some 'time during the week allowed
to the peons who "reside in the ran'chos and
haciendas, to labor for themselves in gardens
which Are allotted to them. . By this means,
and by the help of their wives and children,
some peon3 have abundance "of vegetables.
They do not, however, seem to desire many.
If they have a good patch of red peppers,
it seems to supply all their wants, as fully at
least vas potatoes do the wants of the Irish.
Their princidal food consists of tortillas and
peppers. " Meat is rarely eaten by the peons.
reawitU intere,Ss i v f. re is, nowever, one jirea wercuw
. . At the hacIendaJIermanas, there are one betweenMcxcan and Amercarf slavery. In
burred and fiftvpeons. - The .'Services of, the United States, tbsla very of the parent
fhpi neons are htred. teeiher With the land, descends upon his 'children. U is not so in
( hf th rn. Ip1tiltrk Unnf her norrrratratinn n
. ut-ni manj ,- - .fc.; 7 . 'r. ; .
recount' 1G0 ofN-..-u!e-.nas,-cr furnishes his peon aiiy.food
nf.themliatfe fowls, iroats, t
. voflh'ekPnofromth f; the chaeo, raay be imqtOM.
allpTy themselvekYeOlSeyUnot JkStowtry, tbrow.ng himself, into a po
fr' . AtMZ.' I. A .f VifiAn: liutilw defied the man of foils to come
but L3le of it. Wui Xbrfad is an article oil
whichfthey taste but fit(UfT Jf
.."When a peon misbehfvs; lb is tubjecfed
Iq the'lasb, or jf .hV 'bwner, ' psefers,be;
mn tAticr from an - alcalde to inrDrUon'fwni.
When addressinc bis master, or on of then
Wealthy -Titizenj, pcen takes oil hlshai,
aqav'speaks as respeiiiuiy s aikui'-utw
Mexito. Tlie chifd is not nslaved because
his parents were, nor is' he bound to pay
their debts.v And, as far as I can perceive',
it is not a stigma to have been the on of a
peon. Color, here is no badge of disgrace,
and if a man can distinguish himself, he is
free to do it, without having the stigma of
birth or color attachedjo it.
The labor required' of the pepns is not
usually severe. At every rancho and haci
enda, there is a large number of them in
proportion to the work that is to be done.
One fourth of the same number, of Ameri
cans, would do the same amount of labor.
In the vicinity of Ilcrmanas, we were in
formed tbat at least nine tenths of the inhab
itants were peons. I should think that was
about the proportion in all that part of Mex
ico I have seen. here the Tiumber is so
great, it will be 3een that it is not considered
so very disgraceful to be a peon. Their real
wants, in this climate arc so few, and the la
bor required of them, is so . light, and their
love of independence is so limited, that most
of them seem to care very little w hether
they are freemen or peons.
bo lar as 1 have observed, this system ol
peonage is confined to the Mexican Indians.
I have never seen a Spaniard, or one deep
in that blood, who was a peon.
There are two races in Mexito the Span
iards and their descendants, and the original
Mexican Indians. Negroes are very rarely
met with. The Mexican Indians constitute
at least nine-tenths of the whole population
in this part of Mexico, and I am told the pro
portion is equally large throughout the na
tion. Those of pure Spanish Mood do not
constitute more than one filth of the other
tenth. The mestizos '(Tor those of mixed
Spanish and Indian blood) make up tho re
The Mexican Indians are a dark olive,
and similar in color-, to the Indians in the
United. States. The Spaniards are brunetts,
anA have dark complexions fir white men;
anJTthe mestizos are of all intervening shades
between the two.
.There is a marked distinction between the
races in another respect. The Spaniards
are looked upon as the superior race by the
Indians theinseljfeis. Thgy overran and en
slaved the country, and from time of Crtrz.
they had held all the important civil ami
military offices, with very few exceptions.
The Spaniards and mestizos arc th; land
holders, merchants and educated men ; the
Mexican Indians are their peonsv
The Mexicjiu Indians offen dislike the
Spaniards, but they dare not show it. They
feel they are an inferior race, and submit.
rThe history of the country shews that cru I
anjj barbarous outbreaks have- been made
Oy the Mexican race to overwhelm and ex
terminate the Spaniards, but they have, al
ways eventuated in the ascendancy of the
Spaniards. For when the Mexicans seemed
to triumph, some .renegade Spaniard, or
mestizo, .who had joined them, obtained and
held the power of government.
In this classification, it is understood that
the Cnmanehes. Kinans. Aranahoes. mul
other Indian tribes, are mt included,
These ar.e called w ild Ind
ians, and, a!thi2h
revelling -in 'the utmost baVbarism, thcyrare
superior tor tne Mexican Indians as soldiers.
1 he value of a peon is not cMimatid verv
ndred dollars would be a tep
ftmn nnce tor one. ror reasons
above, forty or fifty dollars arc sufficient to
keep 'a man enslaved during hYe. The wo
man, who cooked the supper at Hunta Kosa.
where I tirst ate red pepper, was purchased
by the landlady, the day before, for cichtv -
T ... "-
... ... , ... ... iv.v., .t.aiw
jSIX dollars, which was considered a lii"h
price. She was tine cookk. and .site bad
. , . .
;the privilege of paying the tleUjDfT bV wa -
!gCs of two dollars Jer'month. Her KeW
4 Oily meal, IIJVT t i 3 lureiivBiwi -J
You caneas.ly estimate what prosweti "n,,1-." l;'nfil; by (J ear, forms
there is of the people upholding a truly re-:"-' '"'onmltilarioiu articj. s. audi as hai -
Knn' r,..i.,.n.lW ... frnm
publican government, when the population , , "1VV Ui"l"r' trap;-inSa
is composed of such materials as are fiundj" km" V rlH 1 l bcaid or dreamp
in Mexico. V K ev,,,v kind ol dressier a crntlenian's
a - . I fill.! tii'i rtu I . l.t . I . I ' t I
At .Monclova. a. rood looking Xlr, ran
girl of sixteen years'of age was held in ser
vitude as a peon, having been sold by her
father to pay a debt. She'was about to be
transferred toanothcr master, and was very
much' distressed af H.',wpen. Shfe Ids hap
pened to hear it, and inquired what was the
amount of theebt for which the girl was
held in bondage. He was informe'dthe debt
was re dollars. Small as this sum was, it
is not probable that Vhe ever could have
paid ita Without farther inquiry, the gen
eral promptly paid- the deJt, and restored
i j . "(. i
returned to ner lather s house rejoiem
perhapsjo' enjoy life in freedom perhaps to
be sold ogaia. v 0
j a j. a a
The RfcGicinji's -CnEiEi,Ar Broom
stic Blackwood has a goo'd; arti! jn the
March number, relating to thc-rricidps
w ho toot refuge iq New, EnglrfiAl ; from
which the following incident', of bofh histori
cal a'tjd local interest, is taken e
A 'story is told of .one of the regicides,
while living; at Cambridge, w hich deserves
preservation, as it not only illustrates the
open manner in which they went to and fro,
but also shows how well exercised we,re the
soldiers of Cromwell in military accom
plishments. A fencing-master had appear
ed at Boston, challenging any man in the
colonies to play at swords with him ; and
this bravado he repeated for several edays,
from a stage of Thespian simplicity, erect
ed in a public part of the town.
One day, as the mountebank was proclaim
ing his defiance", to tfie terror and admira
tion of a crowd of bystanders, a country
bred fellow, as itjreemed, made his appear
ance in the assembly, accepting the chal
lenge, and pressing to the encounter with
no other weaponry than a cheese, done up
in a napkin, for a shield, and a broomstick,
well charged with puddle-water, which he
flourished with quixotic effect as a sword.
come with gratitole, and. Jailing upo herj . 1 c '' tnin preservation ; and
knees, would have kissed hi feet if he w ould C'",'H ,,aS -r sailors, which may in an in
have per.inittcd it. 'Drying her tears, she1 taA '"'tcd with tho clothe in them,
. - 18.4.7
Tke shouts of the. rabble, andthe confiwion
on., srjfc command to bc gon wuh hi
jtonsens, was ail o howowmch
.oUTerwuld vouchsaf; kct lh 'rustic in-kf-teJ
on Jivin?v sat faction, and sv tub-
ooriily dKvhc.-pctsft brandishirx ni
broonMtvmd opposing his cheee, that
the'glJiato -i a towi-ring fury, . at lat
drove ut IUJ04speratelX enougV '
t The .thrust Vias very cftfUy .rtwivel .in
the-. soft and savory trld otV.t!;a coanUy
mai,vwhr instantly repaid . if with at dexter
ou Viaub with hi broom,
nnd wUkers of lx 5rrjli
ous contents. t acoud
pass at the riutic was pari fed with matrrlv
skill andactivitr. and rewarded with another
fcnlute frni tlie broomstick, which fudicrou
ly bfiincared tho swird-plyefs! eyes ; the
crowd retting up a roar of merriuistit at hi
crest-fallen appearance. ,r V 4fc .
A third lunge jra again 0'pW.t' upoa'the
cheese, amid khouts of laughter while the
brooin-innn mpfed nowe, cje" and bcSrd,
of his antagonist 'n puffing au! blowing pv
siognomy. Entirely transported with rage
ndhagrin, the champion now dropped hi
rattier, and came at hi ridiculou adversary
with the broadsword. ' k
"Hold, hold, my gcwnl fl!ow, aid
Broom-stick, " so far, all's fiurplay f but if
that's the game, have a cafe," or I thall cer
tainly take your lite ! 'T
.At this, tho confounded gladuurtod
aghast, and staring at the absurd apparition
bcf. u-e him, cried out amid the jeers of the
mob : "''.
44 Who ii thi ? there were but two in
KnTl.ind lli. if rmitil nmfi li mf ' It miil b
Gotle, Whatlev, or the Devil !" And so it
proved, f r it was Goffcnton Transcript
- - - - . - - - - - - - - . . " - - . - -
DifcokRY ojk SiNcri.AR Kict or Peo
ple. The Christian ()liervi r of Calcutta.
give a notice of a singular rare of people
called the (.'athirs, who inhabit a part of
Guzerat. They are worhipprs of.the sun
as arc ine auoring i arseci :
Thfs( people are supposed . lwnMve to
be the ancient Cathie, who, m. Ihe t;.u. pntitir,f prtM;c wh&iri ,Vi7s,r
Alexander -invaMon, occupied a portion of in,lmHter nml9 ,hltyfU f r,, (m
the-1 unjaub, near the confluence of the five tttn!nt,rf Vk,rh ,-r ifo,
rivers. Among the (. alines there arc no . - w-,-
distinction f caste. Ilesides priests tlMy
have an official lass of per-ons called bardsJ
.. l .. . 1 ... ...... .1 .T
who possess aiithontv almost equal to that
f tho lruids They heroine so urily f,r
the payment ol u bt, the cnlu t of inJi
vidnals who liatc misbehaved, und tlie -pearanee
of rons in landing Actions,
either citil or rriminul. On the samw terms
they ronduet travelers and caravans through
districts i:ijeted with robbers, or in a Hate
of war. j
44 If a trop of predatory horse appear, th
bard cotiimunds them to retire1, ami brandish
ing his dj;;ger lakosj n solemn oulli, that if
they plunder thw person under his protect
ion, he will stub. hiin-- If to the 'he.irt, and
brina upon their heads the'suilt of heaMin
his M.ieJ. Such is the en rnli-n in win. Ii
he is held as a person of cieti.l Origin, nnd
such is the h-.rror at being the cause of Lis
death, that tlm 'threat in ahnst everv in-
Manre deters them from making li um 1
tated attack, and the party is allowed to pass;
011 uniiou:eii. ire n hioii f.-f ihesc pr(wsaw t.apt. t'hunpl'n in Lis ci;v vfP!l
pic !risi..ts of little else than an adoration of j whh this IUnln k. Vlul-t they- n UlNv
the sun. They invoke this object ,.f thrir jf,irs (two t.r'r were 'nefrced'c
ore oommencng any gjreat n -
ud il a 1 I Mtili ifii expedition be
successful, a portion of the t.io,iv tt,,!en is
consecrated t t!i service of n n. The
consecrated t the service of religion. The1u"e"' 11 Utl u,c" "tjn ! ' '" '
only functions of the priest an- t cel. brute
marriages and funenl .e;nnities. They
nae imt one pacrid buiMtrs a temrde
i fituated near Thaiiin, d dicaU d to the 'tin-
i "I1!1 c;,,'ta"'1"- ni imisc of that luniiniry
ieir i f l!,o (,at!.i. sHa!,ovet!,eaern-e,
..,.nexc,e,1;ll. Mx r,, t. lUxf w ,
tall. a'!l oiten liaiiiist.ino ; rnuti i' rL.!
ing, moil.-.f nnd luttlilut to their Kids. riie'
nJ . nn.l ,M,l.c..i . ; .r..:. . .... ' -r.
ipiii.iiiiiiiii i4 un v i.iri re
garding f.H.d or drinl;." " ,
iir. 1 si.s
use in.nle i f
or l iu iJrr.rr.n. T fir -
the gum O'tstie, . was
f r t!i'
r"15'"''' "I fn'In'-'rUe, n 1 ,tf -nl we f..u
fts-1 eiu ft. Hill. el... . . "
I "'-' uu- ramr pn r irai
" ',.''1 . . ... " 1 . '
l " tt t n, 8 l,vnl- 1 1,0 ""ch - f
Kpi-vyd haven universality If
V""1 " "IV OOl W TU "W HI S Ol man.''
o.r lam, , nno rniiurrn s
wqar ; all kimN tif boots, boxes, boots, bot
tles, belts, trunks, baskets, pail, buckets,
tubs, barrels, kegs, ...), covers ; all. kinds
of mattresse for steam!ont4. Us?' chamber
or piiolio grounds ; every spec Vof sofas,
chairs, and settees; every kind mans.
iinrri-r unu globes, noor cloths, tabic covers
and-piano covers of beautiful
lia rubber. "A -
tini-.lv all made of Indi
me snuii- material, waier tanks and canteens
for the army, which will keM n,.r
i -. . . .
I ..." .1
. . ' . - . - .
unu Bwrvi nr iiiontiu
provision bajs which
and thus answer both for a goojl, pi"l&
nit- preserver :
The catalogue j "wng nr ftnijht
becren further eitenfc.
miow now much t he? 4u
achieve for the good. of hujatHtj.
CcRtots Lroicr. Tlio Mu"te Xhn Orr,
IJsq. of Madras, in additn l JiUM left t0
the Mont rote Infinnarv. Ei
lo the neighboring , pah of St 7yrua, thej
...... vn ,., Wll,i is 10 te annually diMnlni-
ted according to the fdtowjng.ratncr whim
sical terms ; Interest of XK to4e disirlbuJ
...... .,-,, , f pro
portions, to the 44 talW married wJnsV. i
. u : l .1 . - .
"iu pariMi, mo
the parish, the
parish, and the
Ti) all kinds of 1 1 ltfl Its ft aft el tnll aasajsstS
okleatArned r- uvlhefer Werr-. jrnry ; but eat h m InfA
youngest married 1 inthe at his own li.,,e. 4
uarish for Sa ... : 11.
substantial benefit, the. inhabitants are fur
nished with subject for a lutje mirthful
gossio annually British Advertiser.
The Sailor at AccTiox.At n
book aurtion f .l L.ii
.., . ".r.,r, uu sra, over, was
so noisy and tronbresome, that Ihe auctioneer
hreatened to turn him out. Jack entreated
that he might stay long enough to mrk. .
bid. I won't late your bid," said the auc
niTJ' " Y5a W'" "PlieJ Jack, "for
I II bid you gtvxl
HONOLLLI-, SATURDAY . rCliiJJ
1X3" " Seven columns to C ,7'w'i
ub on the very Um of the wrL j! (w?
have been exciri7fd until they jhow
rent and yawning cha.tras than 4j.V
hJ color. Our editorial drawer 4 J1
mt e -our editor in I brain, which attU
ul.tr jurxture i nearer a state of 1 8rBu,. .
I any tLirig rW. 7lW f-el&jc haTtVj;,'
lllg W 4 wilMrgrj, iw V uirigii arr.TI
frrh natch of that Wflcfiai article,
in, stakintf .the bej(jtbe mstktt h prer weod(rked, tit, ,r.,
rjLjm-i n ygh it tV r- Mmpy ''orps r . J VCr.V ""J ''Iner r-
ud end mre fujio-- that score, Cop-vpJt---tiiJ hiive il.Jtl'
for ihire iiaysfi ture.rw k& i.,,).
be-tr- ant ''-J'r nil wi,
arifttcL t'id.-l- Ve'ire i,,
th opi:'Nthflt wherd one lutf tthij 'm
ilence ! ihe bt oliey. Cut tlry il;,,
rallow this tltrtri:e snint.Mii to jirit
sapient or 'l-r-y Hiut har.piiit
thing new-f rlgr tf the wintl4rh
tun, rnitrr mpbitrite, or nny o ,,
sc.iljj corjn, I ifoilious yreirt iur dw;
ear with tha welcome note vi' t0- i
' . . . . ...... .. ''!
iMliw uouui? lonureoi wrmng-iuiu Mrrk
init upohH rs."TiT.ow you' notthu
aK ea-y; we" htf wepannl a-redJ', a
thy w ill utmid no more sarSrsnrnh.- Sin,
liiinf the wciithei-t ratfvAuvi.Uif;,
marriir ah .the ja runmr -hui mi fc
of thit jut noC-i-k 'u not, m?,wB.i
the wiiuls tud e,that Honolulu i n-;,
sprnkably happytbit there U n'lh iiif n J,
i . I. ' i. . .... j .
- - . 1 1 1 BHtir-lllII Bill FM - 111... Ill . 1 111 I u r .JKinr. ii.
(ut,;(w it we heir tbe,l-lu'
rlickf MM . th,y rm$ apNi'ttavnl .
bik! rislit under our eye a buiM&gf-i .winr
a!niot mt;i: raj-i-bry. Success tQ our-r
n,"J thrir hadw never be ,,
-pleakut it i t. tokerf eft-r tok-n f
laUtr ari- runl u. 1 ' wi!l prr
fiw no hj-ir derlB..Vi .dn-u Ity-
scatter ye ioij--li'5re's ut ye (J'ortvm, hJ
V.MtkfKt tvtn j! sriJliK ti
. V - . . . ...
.Iur. Iltf I ilh. tlm L r.'lr a,r lk
, w r f - - . - .
11, J.in h.Iri-, a man i tht en,i 1
Vo-t-ph'lS'rtotb, th proprietor f thut liouti
seoo'le.t, tikioe; w itfi hiiu V5ris oj s;j,
et-ie, iui?iii.II of erhngX!V' Uf Js,i?
I I f . I...... . ...LatnAn J
Honolulu, !).: I7il, lsTrfrawri frr;
CliaiKpliii, na-trr of ship 4 l!nry T& ,
Iltirr k Smith, tf Warn- Ilh?e I 4ft.l,r.
1'iori th-tiMiiiionv of iuhI wit lew. t i
betrr JurtwIlopkins, on tbv -!lstkwtt V
p.'ir thit on WilliifTi H.irJi ran icf vj
liseh irI from, the iirCL. th tiirf.
Adants, was roneerneii s-ih.s -jrw tsJij
he tx'k oifa ixirtton of Ck sis - 1- with'li:: !
IV"1 ,v "- "'".ouinro, in- ,-i
T1"' th"n Tr'lJr 0r."r..
H v', k, JioTa Uwt-loy, hr
of hr Hcnr Tuke, to eolbrl
I hvupbn in Lis d l t f F 5; I
j ,-. .ml the',.;
I ,. , . .
li.Iin. jii ff mj 'txwvl, e7, Uiij V
. . . . .r -. . . 1 1
mi?' : On .
i B! ""'' kth1 ti ,rrii thm "heul
!' rinmplin atwl ILtrtln-k wn
v. Mtri "-r
nt ml k
'tin r. I IJenry I uke saosa ;Jii-"
lor Hie I 11 ite J tite, ? I iin.
went oifuiii!. r th ihtim; d.
!I!,r.tirk, wiih'whofti h- l.vl
, t j
r . . . .... i "
irt'', t,rUU ,Trrti:
a ... . A ., . 1
- 1 . , i '
f'wt 4 ' ' w","r
f' and hiir, an.l is w-5l rs..rit.s, ji 1
t ' W'oent of y Ttwnrd nG'Mi
T-oth for hU a!rcr"usin. ami wKiel't
"'i"! Ii our ,sitrfWiri2 columns. 'IV
fir Ii k is wffrjkiKiirn vx New Belir'.?'
itors in the ITrutid Sinte will nutiW..
- M . . . 1 ,
-ni. tj ee aiH
I,n ,n, P"M"7 "f 'ln
f . Vl '
Siitrwarearo trtseit trif?! T
of this country requir- ihit tho rt if r
eiyn ves-, ren thMv if their drinf
lHp-'M Corea, hw recked a
shores, ttisifcrhoremose the arriif f j
ater, to IsThrisugl' Nagasaki. ' Is
pl-tee In the emp.ti te ajnf van ' 'l
temporirily tolerated. r '- J
IJ W1 rsirTbesctouo; Jmit'
f! nb-a trip frosn. t -xi ' U-V J
i . . - , ,. j- j
i'i loiiy -f VJ,,l1',rwlll!,
, hour nki.-li .1.. i ...i.' .i .JLi.J.
wmm.- - "1 I tl. ,
runtime tun tit twent-eiat hour,
see of fiibrfrt-n houreart- J V
,-TIW Kinjh. l. mc j: r
ritfj.bot we are.hjj py "t' ,
u y ne w as toucn hetter. k
II A W
f.tiiAN rr rv.
Mt. Jiatis.Tbre arc athe pf ,
at !e.t thrre festirsls that are ustiowsTiH j
March ITlhlbe Kine'. l.ikl.r Jfc A
ni.rf 1: m .... .1. . 11 1.
Ketifafi.i of the IUeiian Fl"f- .1
Xh, It'ftrfcnowlcdjrennt ( ll iCl K
fj-lece l v Cranio ami fgUml.'"" fi'
Si'n h aiuil nMcu of thel'jLJ J
tmvrmora are in tU bnhit of sen.!."
di.trict aenu, rotnmaiMhnf that tW' M
intriM-tetii keen tht daj as iUv ( ',4'i
lk.1... C - f .
r V. th ra
rrU'Jre srrt 0 J
iicl limiij. thus. TAt .
- 1 1 ... ,
Now w hen ibis cniiiMiArta! is cofnl l '.
the lettee, there follow a da f wl''"1"1"
poe, a silrnt tls-tth like suwir: nvw1
a Turkish I'rvli., or ,tk?PI,rM ," J
f.-. swine herd lUia that" " -t lY
thai temU to crratr, enj, jterpe?i j
otie emotions. ,1
Tiff at national festivals khocM be tn&'P
kept up, I tv nol question, and thai lb'1',
made uful I bate p. doubt. Cut 'Vrt
day, dsy f bsrleM Mler.es can be '"""ji
of any thn but evil I have yet l !
perfertly chimes In with tNve hsine f
the treat Hawaiian sins, that it rsn hut
aprote when known.
Til St l(