Newspaper Page Text
3 SATURDAY. MAY 6,
,iHE TRUE POLICY.
aer column will be found a
cation inviting discussion upon the policy which
justice and expediency demand should be pur-
Kueu Iiy tne Hawaiian uovcrmueui. ?c uoc
repeatedly invited those who differ from, us in
opinion and are disposed to complain of the pres
ent policy of government to come forward snow
the bad results of the present policy and point
out the measures which according to their views
are better calculated to benefit the whole nation.
The Polynesian has always advocated the poli
pursued by the government, which ia to encour
age the settlement of foreigners admit them by
naturalization to all the rights of citizens and to
a share in the direction of government. We
Lave advocated this policy from a firm convic
tion that it is the policy best calculated to pro
mote the cultivation of the' Foil make" the peo
ple moral encourage industry and advance
the permanent prosperity and happiness of the
whole nation. To our mind it is a policy which
the government and those who haveVontributed
to its adoption may justly feel proud of. It is
the liberal policy, contradistinguished from "what
may truly be called the exclusive policy. Many
obstacles have existed and still exist to the car
rying out of this policy, and consequently the
good results arc not so apparent as could be
wished; but sufficient good has already resulted
to confirm us in the opinion that it is the only
true policy. All we desire is to see it fully car
ried out. That this liberal policy is the one
which the government intends to pursue is evi
dent from the Royal Speech and from the differ
ent departmental reports lately read before the
Legislature. That it meets the cordial appro
val of the chiefs and people is thown by the re
marks made in reply to His Majesty's Speech
at the opening of the Legislative Assembly.
Now while we shall feel it to be our duty to sup
port this policy we shall always be ready to pub
lish the views of tboie who may differ from us in
The other policy to which our correspondent
refers and which he says may have among its
advocates the sincere friends of the nation would
confirm the administration of government to na
tive born subjects prevent foreigners from set
tling in the country or if they did settle from
acquiring any of the rights of citizens. - Now
such a policy may find sincere advocates, but
their sincerity must lie largely mixed with sim
plicity. Were such men not foreigners them
selves, and consequently by their own rule de
prived of all rights, we should be inclined to sus
pect them of selfishness. It may be instructive
to those who would have no naturalized foreign
ers hold office under this government to review
the history of past 'times. It is no disparage
ment to the King and chiefs to say that they need
the Assistance of foreigners to enable them to
conduct their relations with foreign powers. The
Hawaiian nation has been admitted as a mem
ber of the family of nations, and as such member
she has duties to perform. r In her intercourse
with other powers she is expected to conform to
the established rules which govern uations and
to conduct herself in all respects as an intelligent
member of that community. In order to do this
the has an undoubted right to employ whom she
pleases to perform the labors requisite. - -
We are not desirous of extending our remarks
upon the subject at present. We have avowed
the policy which we advocate and .which the
government intends to pursue. If there are
thoe who think justice demands a different pol
icy let them come forth and they shall be heard.
Extras. Whenever the importance of for
eign news will warrant it we frhall .issue an Ex
tra as Soon as possible after its arrival. On
Monday last our Extra containing over three
columns of reading matter was issued in about
three hours after the arrival of the Isabella.
Our compositors, of which we have some smart
ones, put the type together at the rate of about
10,000 an hour, and before the people had time
to inquire, "what's the news," our news boy
was in the streets crying out lustily, "Here's the
Polynesian Exjra, &c. The news published
in our Extra will be found in our columns to
day, with additional items which we overlooked
in the hurry of making up the Extra. An idea
prevails with some that the subscribers to a paper
are entitled to Extras when issued. Now we
merely engage to furnish - fifty-two numbers a
year to our subscribers-when we do- this our
contract is fulfilled; Extras are extra and when
we jierforiu extra labor we are certainly entitled
to extra pay. This is the law which governs
coutract?, but aside from that we have the au
tbortiy of universal custom and usage to this ef
fect. If those subscribers who are unwilling to
pay one real for an . Extra are, only willing to
wait until our regular publication day for the
news they will get it then. 7 In the mean time
wc shall issue Extras when the news warrants
it provided we can get enough 'to pay for the
extra expense. " '
The Wkather. "The oldest inhabitant"
nays the present season exceeds any thing within
bis recollection. We have alternate "spells" of
rain and suushine and sometimes loth at once.
The winter months are called the wet season,
but if our memory serves us . right the, wet sea
son commenced some twelve months since, and
judging from present appearances it is likely to
CO" Mons. Dillon and Lady gave a toiree on
Mondayevening, May 1st, in honor of the anni
versary day of II. M. C. Majesty Louis Philip
pe. Their Majesties 4he King and Queen, the
effieers of their Court, the chiefs with their la
dies, the diplomatic corps, and many of the for
eign ladies and gentlemen, resident in Honolu
I u, were present. " ,
GJ"The French corvette SarcelIe .dressed
ship on Monday, May 1st, and fired a royal a
lute morning, noon and evening in honor of the
anniversary day of Louis Philippe..
IO" The crowded state of our columns com
pel us to omit several advertisements, for which
we claim the indulgence of our patrons. -
VO" The Reports of the Minister of Finance
and the Minister of PuWic Instruction will I
pr.blihed in our next number.
r.ator frnm tha TTaited States Death of
Joaa Qaiaey Aaaaae Treatv CPee be.
twee a Mexico and the Halted States Ces
sation of hostilities Sentcace of Lieut.
Col. Fremoat Loan of $16,000,000
Presidential Caadidatesr-Mexieo Court
Martial of General Scott Later from Ea
rope, Ae. Ac. . : 1 -v "
By the arrival of the " Isabella," 17 days
from Mazatlan, we have received dates from
Washington to March 5th, and from London to
the 29tb January. Through the politeness of
Capt. Briggs we have received files of the Dai
ly American Star, to the 19th of March, from
which we glean the news now presented to our
readers. - ' -
The venerable John Quinc.y Adams is no
more. The following is the announcement made
by President Polk ' -
"It has pleased Divine Providence to call
hence a treat and patriotic citizen. John Quin-
cy Adams is no more. At the advanced age of
more than fourscore years, be was suddenly
stricken from his seat in the House of Represen
tatives, by the band of disease, on the 21st, and
expired in the Capitol, a few minutes after 7
o'clock on the evening of the 23d of February,
"He had. for more than half a century, filled
the most important public stations, and among
them, that of President of the United States.
The two houses of Congress of one of which
he was a venerable and most distinguished mem
ber will doubtless prescribe appropriate cere
monies to be observed as a mark of respect for
the memory of this eminent citizen.
" 1 be nation mourns bis loss: and as a turtaer
testimony of respect for his memory, I direct that
all the executive offices at Washington be placed
in mourning, and that all business be suspended
during this day and to-morrow.
Washington, Feb. 24, 1848."
The following remarks were made by Mr.
Winthrop, Speaker of the House of Represen
tatives, in announcing the event to Congress.
"Gentlemen of the House of Representatives of
the Untied stales:
It has been thought fit that the chair should
announce officially to the House an event already
known to the members individually, and which
has fillet! alt our hearts with sadness.
"A seat on this floor has been vacated, to
wards which our eyes have been accustomed to-
turn with no common interest.
"A voice has been hushed forever in this hall,
to which all ears have been wont to listen, with
"A venerable form has faded from our sight,
around which wc have daily clustered with an
"A name has been stricken from the roli of
the living statesmen of our land, which has been
associated for more than half a century with the
highest civil service, and the loftiest civil re
nown. "Whatever advanced age, long experience,
great ability, vast learning, accumulated public
honors, a spotless private character, and a firm
religious faith, could do, to render any one an
object of interest, respect and admiration, they
had done for this distinguished person; and inte
rest, respect and admiration are but feeble terms
to express the feelings with which the members
of the House and the people of the country have
long regarded him. '
"The close of such a life, under such circum
stances, is not an event for unmingled emotions.
We cannot find it in our hearts to regret that he
has died as he has died. He himself could have
desired no other end. 'This is the end of earth,'
were his last words, uttered on the day on which
he fell. But we might almost hear him exclaim
ing, as he left us in a language hardly less fa
miliar to him than his native tongue 'Hoc est
nimirum, magis felkiter de vita migrare, quam
jnort.' . . ' :
"It is for others, to suggest what honors shall
be paid to his memory. No acts of ours are ne
cessary to his fame. But it may be due to our
selves and to the country, that the national sense
of his character and services should be fitly com
memorated." Mr . Adams was born on the 31st of July, 1 767,
attaining his 80th year in July last, and has been
for 67 years, almost without an interval, in the
public service always an intent student and
observer of national affairs. In 1731, when but
fourteen years of age, he commenced his career
as Private Secretary to Francis Dana, Ambas
sador to Russia. The range of his public
duties has since been of the most exalted char
acter, including the station of Minister Plenipo
tentiary, Resident Minister, Secretary of State
and President of the United States, in all of
which he has commanded the admiration and
esteem of his countrymen. - .
As a cotemporary of the illustrious Washing
ton, and almost a co-worker in laying the
foundation of his country's freedom and great
ness, the name of John Quincy Adams will be
remembered in all future time as one of the most
illustrious sons of the American Republic
In the year 1830, shortly after he retired from
the Presidency, he descended, neither ungrace
fully nor without advantage to the nation, to a
seat in the House of Representatives, and had,
up to the moment of his death, wjelded an in
fluence unequalled by any other member of that
body, securing also, for himself, a greater share
of attention and respect.
A Treaty of peace had been negotiated by Mr.
Trist, who notwithstanding his recall still re
mained in Mexico'. It was signed on the 2d of
Feb. at Guadalupe Hidalgo,' and forwarded to
Washington. At the latest dates from Washing
ton it had not been accepted. President Polk
had laid the Treaty before the Senate. It was
being discussed there, and bad been greatly mo
dified, but it was believed it finally would be ac
cepted by the U. S. government, with certain
The following is a synopsis of the Treaty as
given by a Washington letter writer. , We give
it for what it is worth -
Senors Cuevas, Cento and Atristan are ap
pointed commissioners, on the part of the Mex-
lean govemmem, iu aujusi won wc vviuuihuuu-
er of the United States, Mr. Trist, a lasting trea
ty of peace.
Article second provides for the present sus
pension of hostilities between" the forces of the
two nations. . v
Article third defines the boundary between the
two republics. The line is to commence in the
lulf of Mexico, three leagues- Irom land; to run
np the middle of the Rio Grande to its intersec
tion with the southern boundary of New Mexi
co; thence north unti it intersects the first
branch of the Gila; thence down the middle of
that branch of , the river to Colorado; thence it
follows the division between Upper and Lower
California to the Pacific, which it strikes one
league south of San Diego. ,,' - -
The next article guarantees to citizens of Mex
ico, now residing in territory ceded to the Uni
ted States, all the rights and immunities of cit
izens of the latter country, provided .they take
the oath of allegiance; or in case they desire to
continue citizens of Mexico, there is guaranteed
to them the right to leave the ' territory, and to
dispose of their" property to the best advan
tage. v. , .
.. The next article of importance provides that
grants of land, in the territory ceded, made by
Mexico, prior to the treaty, rdiall be respected by
the United States. ' .
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, -MAY, 0V"
The next article provides that Catholics res
idents in the ceded territory are to be protected
in the exercise of their religion. ' . '
-.. The next article provides that grants of land
in Texas made by Mexico prior to the year
1836, shall be respected by the U- 5. govern
ment, j '. ' j.' .- ,'.:
The next article provides that the U. S. Gov
ernment shall take - prompt and effective meas
ures Tor the defence of the borders from Indian
incursions. - ; - J
In consideration of -this cesssion of territory
on the part of Mexico, the Government of the
United States binds itself to pay Mexico fifteen
millions of dollars. In this sum are to be in
cluded the three millions of dollars already ap
propriated by Congress for the furtherance of
peace, and now subject to the order ot 31 r. i rist.
This sum fs to be paid immediately on the rati
fication of this treaty by the Mexican Govern
ment. . -
' The remaining twelve millions are to be paid
either by instalments, or by the isssue of six
per cent, stock, redeemable by the United
Several articles are devoted to the executory
details of both of these modes of payment. The
adoption of either is to be optional with the U. S.
Government. " -
The next important article hinds the Govern
ment ot the U. S. to assume all claims of Amer
ican citizens against the Government of Mexico
both those already decided, amounting to
about three millions of dollars.-
Some unimportant articles then follow, for the
mode of executing this portion of the treaty;
such as the appointment of a commissioner to
decide upon the claims, &c.
The treaty of commerce of 1831, between the
two republics, is to be revived for eight years,
and afterwards t be renewed at' the option of
both governments. . . .
The troops are to leave Mexico in three
months after the ratification of the treaty by
both Governments, uuless the sickly season
should come on lcfore the embarkation can be
effected; in which case, they have to retire to a
healthy situation, and are to be furnished with
supplies on amicable terms by the Mexican gov
ernment. . .
Supplies which arrive in the mean time, are
not to be subject to duty.
The custom houses are to te restored to the
Mexican government and. means are to be adopt-
r - " - -
eu ior seuimg me accounts.
The treaty is. to be ratified by the President
and Senate of the United States and exchanged
within four mouths ofits ratification.
Any fut'iher war that may break out between
Mexico and the United States is to be conducted
on Christian principles and according to the
usages of civilized nations.
The boundary specified is to be defined as
laid down in Disternal's map of Mexico, pub
lished at New York in 1847. -
A military convention for the provisional sus
pension of hostilities between the Republics of
the United States and Mexico was signed at the
city of Mexico, on the 5th of March. By this
convention no further advances were to be made,
by the United States troops.
A bill had passed the- House of Representa
tives authorizing a government loan of $16,000,-
000, the sum to whichthe Secretary of the
Ireasury reduced his estimates. I bis measure
gives to the administration the necessary means
to continue the war, if they think liest.
The trial of Lieut. Col. Fremont had been
concluded, the Court Martial finding him guilty
and sentencing him to be dismissed. The Pres
ident had approved the sentence, but remitted
the punishment. Col. Fremont had sent in his
It is stated that a detachment of 1000 marines
under Major Harris, were to proceed to the
Gulf of Mexico to join an expedition under Com.
Perry, for the survey of the Isthmus of Tthu
antcpec. It was rumored that Mr. Tod, Minister to the
Court of Brazil, had been recalled.
The National Whig Convention is to be held
in Philadelphia, on the 7th of June. The nom
ination for President lies between Henry Clay
and Gen. Taylor.
.. The Democratic Convention was to be held at
Harrisburg on the 4th of March, and it was be
lieved Mr. Buchanan would be nominated for
the Presidency then. A host of other candidates
are talked of on lxth sides; the result will be no
election by the people. No one particularly
prominent for Vice President a great many
Our dates from the city of Mexico are to the
20th March. Major Gen. Winfield Scott was
arraigned before a Court of Inquiry, at Mexico
on charges preferred by Gen. Worth. The
charges preferred were unknown. On the open
ing of the court Gen. Scott made some touching
remarks. , . . .
Whatever course was adopted, he would
submit to it most cheerfully; he cared but little
whether the organization of the Court was spe
cial or general, but he was anxious for informa
tion on the subject in order that he might so
shape his future path and be better enlightened
as to his duty. If therefore, the Court felt at
liberty to say what its impressions or-desires
were in this regard, he would be glad to be in
formed before proceeding further. a '
The Court sat with closed doors for upwards
of half an hour, and on being re-opened, the
Judge Advocate read the decision of the Court
on the subject of General Scott's previous re
marks. The Court decided that no other
charges than those pieferred by General Scott
against General Pillow and Brevet Lieut. Col.
Duncan, and the charges against General
Scott preferred by General Worth, would be
entertained or made the subject of its enqui
ry. General Scott then said he wished to make a
few remarks aud would desire to see them plac
ed on the recorJs of the Court.
The President said that as all parties who
might be included in the remarks of General
Scott were not present, the Coort would sug
gest that the subject should be postponed until
the next' day. 7 -
General Scott gave the. Court to undersand
that he was most anxious to reply promptly to
the charges now before them, , and therefore
would pause with great regret in this inquiry.
He regarded every moment's delay in this mat
ter as injurious in the extreme. During .he
investigations contemplated in the order now
before the Court pending such investigations,
he repeated, he was but a prisoner at large a
prisoner and an accused individual in tbe Re-
Kblic of Mexico nay, in the capital of the
public Stricken down from a high com
mand, from a high military position, the highest
perhaps, ever occupied by any .individual since
the days of the Father of his country the im
mortal Washington. Deeply, therefore, did he
feel all this, and much more so that any cause of
delay should arise in this inquiry. He paused
not then for want of words nor for lack of ideas
ihev crowded unon him too fast for utterance.
He felt deenlv wounded: he felt himself
rudely ' thrust down from a ponition which
he might, Without vanity, surely call one
of some considerable glory. Tha court.continu
ed Gen. Scott, could not imagine", not couM he
well describe bis present feelings. Ue was there,
the principal criminal before that court. The
accuser now Ktood before the'barof justice the
accused; while the accused wm acquitted in ad
vaure, by the highest constitutional military au
thority of the nation. v -' '
After one" or two other , remarks, which he
spoke in so low a tone as to be acaroely audible,
Gen. Scott sat down, . evidently deeply affected
with the singular position in which he was then
placed. , . . .. . V , . ,
It appears from tbe records of tbe Court that
General Scott had preferred -charges against
General Worth, General Pillow and Col. Dun
can, and that Gen. Worth had at the same time
preferred charges against General Scott. Presi
dent Polk had pre-acquitted General Worth and
he refused to prosecute hid charges against Scott
on the ground that tbe President had done him
ample justice. At the second session of the
Court, General Scott made some eloquent re
marks, alluding to tbe fact that he was a prison
er; not by the public enemy, but by the long arm
of Executive ower, which had been exerted in
every possible way to injure him. He felt
strong in conscious rectitude and bid defiance to
his enemies. He envied not their honors, nor
coveted the Executive favors which had been
heaped upon them. At the end of tbe Court he
should be dona with him (Worth,) forever. He
repeated, bis attitude was that of defiance.
It was reported that Gen. Scott was the nego
tiator of the Treaty of Peace, and. that Mr. TrUt
merely acted as amanuensis.
Dates from Oueretaro to the 1 2th March,
states that the deputies were arriving, ami that
a quorum Would soon bo present. The armis
tice bad been published there. The Mexican
authorities by the terms of the armistice resum
ed the government."
Everything was quiet in the different depart
ments of Mexico.
The U. S. ships Congress and Indejtendcnre
and H. B. M.'s Juno were at Mazatlan. Tbe
Ohio had not arrived.
The Isabella brought out 150 volunteers from
New York, and landed them at La Paz. A
slight skirmish ensued letween the American
troops and the Mexicans in that vicinity about
the middle of April, w hich resulted in tbe route
of the Mexicans with a slight loss.
. We have received news from London to the
29th January. We hasten to lay this intelligence
received before our readers.
The steamship Hibernia left on the 29th Jan
uary, and reached New York on the 16th Feb
The accounts are interesting, both commer
cially and politically.
The Liverpool cotton market had recovered
from its depression.
A reduction of the rate of interest by the Bank
of England has been followed by a great im
provement in the funds, and monpy i abun
The quartely abstract of the revenue accounts
for the quarter ending the 5th of January, as was
fully anticipated, exhibits a marked deficiency in
the income of the country. Tbe gross decrease
of the year is no less than 2,-21 7,4 S4, and on
the quarter, 1,155,313 ; but rejecting thoe
items, such as the China money, there payment
of advances, Sec, which do not form the usual
revenue of the country and are incidental re
ceipts, the ordinary revenue shows a decrea
on the year of 1,065,540, and on tbe quarter of
925,642. The main deficiency has chiefly
arisen during the last three months; in fact, out
of the 1.065,540 only 139,893 is applicable to
the preceding period of the year. The chief
deficiency is in the excise, customs and stamps,
indicating but too clearly that the people have
been compelled to curtail the consumption of
commodities of first necessity; and the deficien
cy in the item of stamps, which is no less than
175,852 on the last quarter, marks distinctly
the decline which has taken place in trade. As
the comparisons on the year and on tbe quarter
may be impeached as not exactly showing the
most correct view of tbe case, we may add that
a comparison on the last six months of 1846 and
1847 exhibits a decrease of 2,202,554. In fact,
by the most rigorous examination of tbe yearly
accaunts, it would appear that, including a bal
ance which remained in the Exchequer on the
5th January, 1846 of 432,907, the yearly ex
penditure of the country has exceeded the in
come by no less than 2,700,000. The pay
ments into the treasury of the Irish loan has,
however, enabled the Chancellor of the Exche
quers meet the January dividends without a
temporary loan from the bank, in fart, to have a
balance in the treasury on the 5th of Dec of
It is stateti that Messrs. Baring, Brothers Si
Co. have opened at Loyd's, large policies on
specie from Mexico to the Lnited Kingdom,
supposed to be for the account of the American
Government. The proceeds will, in this case,
be most likely drawn against in bills of ex
change. Such is the activity in preparing cannon for
the guardships and coast batteries, that there are
more men employed at Woolwich now than dur
ing the heat of the war in 1314.
The Admiralty has ordered the Great West
ern steam vessel now belonging to the Royal
West India Mail Steam-packet Company, to be
surveyed by an engineer officer of Southamp
We can find nothing interesting from Ireland,
unless it be a large movement of the people in
favor of of "Tenant's rights."
The tranquility of the continent of Euroje
continues to be still distracted by alarms of in
surrectionary movements in the Italian States.
In addition to tbe late excess at Milan, in Pavia,
there seems to have been considerable blood
shed, 50 persons being killed and wounded!
The debates in the French Chambers of Peers
closed with a signal victory of 121 in favor of j
Tbe Government have transferred their pris
oner, Abd-el-Kader, to Forte Lamalgue, near
Toulon, his future destination Leing yet unde
cided. A large war steamer has been suddenly des
patched to Naples, where the King's situation
seems a little critical.'
, The affairs of Italy are becoming mor and
more complicated. ..
The enthusiastic reception of E parte ro, ia
Spain, by all ranks of peopla, after Us protracted
- . -'
eiilefurnihra a singular tumpta of lk vra
tility of the Spaniards, and intriguing char
octer of tba pol tir iana. 1 lia fan inter iw with
tbe Qoeen is represented as highly iaSmrninj
The Euiperor of Ruwia ba Iwcoma eoova.
The Sultan of Turkey" ha raied Ali KfTrndi,
to a pacha of thrra tail. " . fc
The Chamber of Deputies of Grecca has pa
ed tbe Budget of 1847.
CfcrUthn VIII., Kin of Denmark, is dead.
We gtran the following item of F.uropran
news from files of papers received via Panama
ami Valparaiso. Although tha dates ara not to
late as received per Uahrlla there are some
items of interest which we have not published
The Spanih paper were full of recommen
dation to the South American vtates to form a
South American Union, in rvVintanre to the
North American Union, to prevent their national
In Franco momttrr dinners in promotion of the
movement for Electorial Reform wera tha order
of the day. The combination amongst all par
tie with that view wan very strong. .
In Switzerland the Diet bad put down tb
Sorlerbund by the military forrt, m hereby tbe
question bad ceased to bo ona of European in
Tha difference between Auntria and Rome
were stated to have been arranged, ami Frrrara
was to be evacuated. Tbe Earl of Minto, on
the part of the English, was in Rome, on the
bet trrmx with the Pwte.
forge supplies of arm had len received ia
the territories of the Tope from France ami Eng
Tbe Poe opened tho Council of State on the
15th of November, on w Itich occasion there were
grat rejoicings. At night a vat roncoure of
citizens urroumled th? bouvs of Ird Miuto,
making many demonstration of applaute to
which Hist Ionlhip reNndcd by er)ing out
from tho balcony, "long live the Italian Inde
pendence." Similar demon! ration were made
under the halconir ol tbe Minister of Sardinia
A grand custom houe union lietwren Tope
Pius IX. the King of Sardinia ami the Grand
Duke of Tuscany wa effected on the !Mh N-
vcmher in Turin.
Early in January an awful storm had ractl
in the north of Eunqie. Many liijM and litcs
had been lt on the roast of England ami Scot
land. On the 3d of Dec. the Hon. Colonel Wal-
pele, II. B. M.'s Charge d'Affair for Chile,
had arrived in Eugl.iml in II. B. M.'s temer
II. B. M.'s frhip ModtNte had arrived at Ports
mouth after a very short parage.
A temperance society was alMiut being formed
in France after the model of lhoe in England
The AnUtie. Cholera waa raging in Const jiv
tinople and .Mo-cow.
In Iomlofi the monetary crisis had piwd
over. DiM'oiiuts which had been a high a.'
per cent, had fallen t 6 ami 7 on tirt rlaaa -per.
It had U-rn found that the Qoeru' Mitt
itcrdd not require an indemnity for inducing
the Bank of England to raine the rate of inter
est to 8 per cent, but that in doing to tbey had
tbe authority of law.
In England they were taking the niot active
measures to fortify the whole roai; a militia
force of 1 20,000 men, ami an aupnentation of
12,000 men to the regular army had been or
dered. On the 27tb of November there wan a popu
lar outburst in the Caroline Theatre of Palermo,
with many vires in favor of 1'iua IX. and tb
Italian Union. The mum were rrjM-ated on the
23th, 29th and 30th.
Letters front Leghorn of the 4th December,
stated that all Sicily was in a stale of insurrec
tionthat the insurgentu had derlired them
selves independent of the .Neanditatl Govern
ment ami placed themselves under tbe protection
of England. .
El Senor Paz de Sddan had resigned the Min
istry of Foreign Affairs under tbe Government
Wm. Pitt Adam had returned front London
as II. B. M.' Charge d'Affairafor Peru.
A letter from Paris of the I Itb of December,
mentions that General San Martin, who bad
been very ill all tbe summer, had greatly im
proved with the first cold weather of winter.
On the 2th' January the U. S. hip Ohio
sailed from Valparaiso for tbe coast of Mexico.
Early in Marrh II. B. M.'s hip Collmgwood,
II. B. M.'s brig Spy and steamer Sampson were
The French corvette Brilliant was also ibrre.
General VeUH-c had placed biiiiM-lf in the
presidential chair of Bolivia, lie had appoint
ed the following Ministers: Olaneta, M ini.tr r
of tbe Interior and of Foreign Ht UtiiMM; Terri
co, Minuter of Finance; Asin, Minister of Wor
ship ami PuNie Instruction; Helau, Minister tf
War. Tbe new government bad struck the
names of fifteen generals off the military list,
viz: the two brothers if Bullivian, l.ara,
Ijagarnaga, Bellnio, Davatos, Sita, San Jines,
Urdinea, Guilarte, t'rudnei, (iatimlo, Mag)
rinos, Saavt-dra and Kit em.
KiiMsta or tmk ErriiLiiN sa Fbrscii.
Tbe British ami French guvemments are forc
ing their iiitoxieatiiig liquors upon tbe natives of
the Sandwich Minds, anin.t tbe earnest re-j
monhtranee or then nder. Ilntt.h sulitects.
i .T' r r r . r'U reve.M to oor an nous eye. . k-g Imst -
aid .n Ihe rauaa oT i. n.,r.m-e , shnukl rtmX M , m BUl.. -
their Mroe. isnrtesi a.nt this hof project ofl r,Ur,W, .mtnt lu ,h- Nortl, ami
1111. tun iiiiioiiry i irrsi) ssy s:
44 The Christian world will learn with unfeign.
el sorrow, that in ihe treaties recently trwxU I
tween tbe oernnients of EflgUud ami Vtmnc
ami the Hawaiian government, tbe following
stipulation has lren introduced: 'Wines, bran
dies, and other spirituous liquors, shall ! liable
to such reasonable duty as the Hawaiian govern
ment may think fit to lay ajmn them, providing
always, that tbe amount of duty sbail not be so
hixh as atmolutelv to prohibit ibe irnportaliwu of
said articles.' Tbe king otjctel In this ro
VMion, but did nt dare to refuse hi asseut to
the treaty. He gave his signature, however,
under a protest, throwing hi.naelf 'upon the equi
ty, justice, honor, magnanimity ami phdanthro-
Ey, of those two great nations,' eiprraaing the
inpe i that they woukltake Infn their favorable
consideration this ami other objectionable stipu
lations, luimuiediately after the treaty was con
cluded, the Haw aiian government imposed adu
ty of five dollars a gallon ons4rit, ami one dob
Mr on wines, tr., ami azaima this the two gov
erniepta protested." (Christian Olsrerver,
WRECK OK THE MRK !KI77(
N e take pira.ur ... U,lug Uft I
tha following narratne of the trnta e l
with tha I'M of the Msri. """J
Mr. T. 1 1. Mrn. ..I ,k ' V
V ' . . PWapra,
thouKb it inrrparatioo Has rumme f j
Irr lbs- return of the Harvrlle ike nm,U4
of our columns has prevent it "J
an earlier date.
On tha 4Uh Dee. th Chile. .t
Helena" aailed from Honolulu,,;, -f
Valparaiso, for the 1'nittd Nat, fc '
some tune resident upua ibeae Wand, Zm H
returning to their friend and home. l)TV. i
raaion of tbe vessel bravine port.tJ. j , 1
crowded with old ami tried fn-nd and uL
acquaintances, who came to say ''Krn!H
tbossj a Do were emtmrked oo boani. uJ
were in all pvwhAbditt aono to inA
l l.i ' . - ,-S Sw.
wdku 'ireim i os diimi una ol ummi
there. One must be w amine in fWLi
there. Una must be wanting in frtti. w
have their frebnra nodcr Krone rJL..
say "Farewell" unmoved, to eett "i
r,uaintace ol many yean aland,,, fa
' K shall miss I hit rnunium. ut- ,
m . ... uwia i
in' and tha kindly vrroiins- I l
iuiin in linrrt hits Im-uhk rrun.L - - i
a it h no effort pointa with true and JTj
band to deed of kiudne ami to rvarrTTj
as she does at such a lime, the nlj irnJ,
feel, and the better part of man's nttart
itself, ia iba k'0t tear that dims tbe tt-.
tremulous voice which man's strong aafutaT
not control. The nervous trrsurr of tfa. w Tl
siieaka the heart's fullness, and tbe silent aiZ
ia more eloquent ami more lubJVm thsa
aUe auspices wind, waves and wettb p.
.... , . IIRIf I J ,
nin n i. I I iriitwwr', ami m .
siiumhd wsirr s saii'i uil I lie .:imJaf
Willi ita lliasiit llia mrul if. t.l t -
scenery were lost to view. The tvrxi
. " nShiifi.
MM Mr 1 I . h M 1 1 Mirtl it liuiiiul.iH. . -
t. . I I-,..i f .k- j . .
10 o'clock ib y too were btat to iw aaJ
remained for tbe rye to rest upon but tbe
ing sea aun nere ami tbere a solitary btrl v
ter bwuLi siabt of these iUml aoikisr
red of ulrel on hoard Mold lb aigbt of:, a
of Januvr when a Urge fish washsuMHMl
secured, ibe liter of which wa l bats
a fine bretikfa.t to the inmates of tbe rtilt
next moir tog. At I o'clock the Capt tia
some anxiety ami supixising that we mid
inriMmas isianu anuoi mm lime look tw ofe,,.
valiim oftho stars for the latitude a bs b pLtcHa
in the latitude f the island and as tbtrt
indication of biml ami tbe chronoiiH-tir ftt w
lorty nines to tne east want ne kit sttma
retired to rest. The cabin light were r
rui.lied ami all was quiet naught UMurfmK
stillness of rrttoe save the deep breath. njtf
tired sleeper dreaminr perhM of the limrs at
scenes ol long arc." The heli bs mlt:,,
strong man a!et alike iiienit'le lolbesppusj;
of danger. Merp, tho Uvlutler, the rortwkr,
restorer, held ptMsesion of tbe scene, ainls.
ami w itq were alike subject In its thr ill.
alatatla a. BP I aa 0 a. I as I am aa.iah I ar-,aaa 1 au.ssSkJ u.
www 9ttj aa ti4iiii a ifa nin 11-.11 -sr - m anu .Tr
claiming the approach of danger in theme
rid form. No one atop to make a .r mm.!
ry. Like an ileet nc shock the sou ml of a,
voice baa pa.wd tbronib the souls of all. (
ing ciHioteriutlioii, anxiety ami dread, and r .
ins all to consciousness to tbe rertumtv
M-riioti and iiiuniiieut dancer. Vitb ?.
Iule all (with the exception of Mis JhHimi
ruh on deck to behold through the gloom w
darknesa of the mht a Kmr umnterrupinl
of breakers 1 To hear above the si era 44
command ami the birried"tread of fi ef, ifce J
of the angry turf dahhuiaT in ntadnrss mm
rM'k bound roast t But even in that linww s
jruish and of dread. Hope hekl ber snay.tnls
the gallant shin, still obedient to tne wJluf
master came slowly to the wind, there reti
) et a chance of escape. The awful tillne
claimed bow deep ami intense w ere the feclip"
suspense. One moinewt more one lirief i
in motiM-nt and all will I well! Su.l.lcrlt i
ship all ikes! the strong ship trvmbles like k
aMnsbted steed, then quietly resigns h rw!f
her late all bote of saving the vessel
at an end ami nrenaratMrtis were inmelii:
made togt the whakUiat ami gig aUmrJr, J
readme to receive the ladies auu rinurta
Some drlav occurred before this cnuUte a
coinplisbed, and it was full an hour, Jars
which lime no eipresion of fear had es-ip
from either of the ladies, ere the loaf
readv to receive them. This time was sjssis
rrttine to-ether a small quantity of prm
water and clothitie. Notw itbstanding tb
lent shocks which the ship received assbtw
ami fell uiwn the rocks with tbe beams!
sea. the children slept calm and aouudl;
w ben tbe boats were reported ready thej
roused front a deep sleep ami passml wis
boat, the ladies having j receded them,
was fortunately accomplished without tbe
accident, although it was not unatirmWJ(
a a a a a a a .a.
uanger aitu rita, as tne vessel buhi vj ins-ei
len driven very near Ibe breakers, ans
shock as she struck uinmi the rocks was
and severe. At soon as all were embark H
designed ftijr, the liont was) hsuletl adm
tbe ship (whrh was Isyrar porallel wita
shore) ami tHilled to sea warn. When srwat
yards outsMle of her wo laf-emm sur
waiting anxiously for the daaning of t'sy i
veal to us tho full extent of our dancer. 1
night was calm ami tranouil, tha heatensrW
and hare, throh which the faint stars sM
dint ami r Id. Half an hoar aRer ws
ship, we beard above iba roar of the brrssosst
awlol erarkintf of limbers, and cshjUI iim!
out through tha gloom of the nitfbt ta W
masts as I hey otterel ooe by one sil ftu
the starboard side. We inunediairU pvlUl
ward the ship ami bailed ber l imiuir d
one had t4cn injured and how they wrr r
aloof. SmneoiM reibe "All's rl!."asJ',
Ihn ship was lay ine ir.orn ea.sr. Aliil kabsst
the waning iihmmi nxe- for ,MiieitfM fc".
was obwureil in a lank of best) rW-ud
Ibe boruiMi ami we supposed tail tbe uji
klM.itf lir..L in. n. I I h.i I I.m m.iLJ wmm f
wrKnsi light was lo show us all llw ln-sJ'f
appn hensioos axi ihm gave eaprta
least desponding frthmt . Here as
eirmmstaiires of ihe n.M tryisj satsie--"
ship nhore opui a frig btful r t "s1"'
livixsl abuut mim ih on i"wi''
totally igi of ihe rbra ter i.f !
if t itent ami of every thing rMH'rtrJ a'4 "
but all fill ibre was aa overrid ''"'"T
ami none despaireil. Tbe daw sing ' 1 . ,
II. ; I.... al
shore hntirxlm! I. a liii t mWn feskci '
far a the eye ctMild resea. la ibis iaJi1
. i . i i I tars el
ui in ear it utsi sfiia wsf""
niton consulting logefber ws cmcIu1
ruumi ins mirissni potrn i" " vA
i .v .i. . . .. . -.. I i., ssa
. . . , -
a Umlitig on tbe lea td of lbs -u""
k - .1.- 1... . . I m. all bf
feres! eireedingly UCure we rookJ ba T7
4 reltef, as ws led but a sroall bfr
ter ami a few bixuits ia ihe Ui .
have been obliged n pv'l a hssg utn" - .
nnuing a isvoraoie pise 10 hum. y ..j
aUiul a mile to ibe westwsnl e "1
our want of provisions ami siwr . J
la return ami atuoq I to Ui! amler tM '
the shin, u fJ
Preparatory trskiug ike V "f
waa mat. aluoMtde la art a faU rrt v , j
to laml befitre as; but ia aUnp'' "tTLaji
SMletbe nfortunaisiy gm imo in
id nur sttustion ami reveal to us our f" I
Hhile laying ou Utile of the res f
we aass the lime in nailrcturuif nt
sees tbe rvlalNlit'r ( put fal. s1
ibrie Was UlUCb la ilulrru Ma asd VM i
I l L. I A I ... l. rlLI
biw Imi sites scattered here ami ikei "e
samly, low and apparently untefcsbtf'l
Soutt ar anuria thm f'anfain ku"l