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I nil: POLYNESIAN,
I . :, ..l J.itirnal of ihe Hawaiian Government,
I''"' . II .11 1. 1.. rf-k L
li pjM " rr,7 "anil, 11. I
HiWlS O. HALL, K I) I TO II.
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Rales of Aa)tertlaia.
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, ,ni aJftrliarr are requirad la pay la aJviuce.
.... II. I a Ha. Btftu, i t Jtrr.tt'i,
lOLVNLMAN MUSTIM office.
ii an?) J.tun Dcckanu- Job Jiiuting
' II H A
Ililla of Ftrbaage,
llilla of Laaiac,
iK.Mi. HCKINE AND AllKl! CARDS
. t awia aeaiaeaa aa-t ctt-trh, oa iil-rral irtma.
II. IX. WILLIAMS & CO.
isrtrra .. if fm mi at flii Hlf rrliilnlfl.
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tfcnljr f "' ChauUirrj and IUn ruila fjf
lUiaajaaa ta I'aaed Stale Eu-
rntral (rommiofifon larrcaiits.
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W1I-IN AMUUOW tO.MrAN.
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'kaa4lra aa4 I hmiii MrrcWaala.
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tst: 'Aiipi:Tt:it ai Joim:h,
IIiHALU. Alir, II. I.
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t-ai a. lu) a Oruanvaial Tainlins.
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I llillNt. MALI.
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a Wano-t an r-aMiatt Iwm k lia ol
i ta; a CaUcd SUirs -4 Earopa.
1. KUlUlUtt IU
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HUNOLtLf.OAHL' II. I.
Pul.aJ r r' at lha .iwt ma.kM pric
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P " A7H. BATES,
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(Oantf $ (CommiBjoa Clgtnta,
IN FmC!CO, ALT A Cil.inwi-
M LANK, "iiOWER - ADAMS,
''uoilY,' MAAWAO.MAUI. II. I.
. IIUNI. J
nonACE HA WES,
nr 4i cxciiANii: hkoki:h.
S t BANCJiCO.-.t'" 1
AUSTIN It BAOLB,
IKKS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
II'INOLILC OA lit?. H. 1
"T700D a" pahxtb,
tT MAKERS ANU UPHOLSTERERS.
HONOLULU. OAIIU. H. I.
f, VT." "TIIO EXFSOW ,
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HONOLULU. OAIIU. II. I.
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HONOLULU, OaiU', ii
04 j tha Heat4sl IJaai.
Tlie KacurOl is perhaps the most celebra
ted paiace on the continent of Europe. It
is situated among the wild and sombre scen
erjr of the o'd Castilian mountains, about
twenty-two miles from Madrid. This enor
mous palace, seven hundred and forty feet in
length, by five hundred and eighty feet in
breadth, was reared by Philin II. in the mid
dle of the sixteenth century, at an expense of
uoui nuy millions ot dollars. Fhtltp, aus-
i.rr, ciuornv. lanatical. se ected Ihm wiM and
gioorny mountain fastntt-a the site of his
palace, and reared the regal mansion in th
lorm cf a gridiron, in commemoration of the
instrument of the martydom of St. Lawrence.
I he embellishments of more modern kins.
and the luxuriant foliage of trees and shrub
bery, have now invested even this uncouth
order of architecture, with a kind of venera
ble beauty. Four towers at the angles, re
prenent the legs of the gridiron. The apart
ments f the enormous pile especially devot
ed to the residence of the reigning monarch,
I a- -1 i rrt
coiiMiiuie me uanute 01 tne gridiron, lac
Spani.h description of this structure forms a
large quarto volume. It is stated that there
are eleven thousand doors. This may be an
exaggeration; and yet the enormous edifice.
with its cupola, its domes, its towers, its
chapel, library, painting-gallery and college,
mausoleum, cloisters, regal parks, gardens,
walks and fountains, constitutes almost a city
by itself. A statue of St. Lawrence is over
the grand entrance, with a gilt gridiron in his
Spacious reservoirs, constructed upon the
neighboring mountains, collected the water,
conveyed by aqueducts, to supply ninety-two
fountain. A very beautiful road, about one
mile in length, fringed with lofty elms and
linden, is the avenue lo this magnificent pal
ace; and a subterranean corridor of equal
length, arched with stone, connects the edi
fice with the neighboring village.
Underneath the building is the subter
ranean chamber called the Pantheon, the
bur)ing-place of the royal family. It is a
verv magnificent apartment, circular in its
form, ihtrtv-six feet in diameter, its walls in-
crusted with the most beautiful and highly-
pnliahrd marble. Here repose the moldenng
remains of the Spanish inonarchs. Their
bodies lie in marble tombs, one above an
other. A long, arched stair-way lined with
noliahcd marble, beautifully veined, conducts
to this mausoleum, far below the surface of
the enrth. A magnificent chandelasr, sus
pended from the ceiling, is lighted upon ex-
1 a. !
truoidinary occasions, and siieus noonuav
brilliance upon this grand, yet gloomy nian-
ion of lite dead. The labor of many years
wa devoted lo the construction of this se
pulchre. For nearly three hundred years the domes
and towers of this monument of Spanish gran
deur and superstition have withstood the
storms which have swept the summer, and
wrecked the winters sky. Many genera
tions of kin", with their accumulated throng
of ccui tiers. Imv , like ocean tides, ebLcd
ni'l flowed ihrougu these ha':i. But now
the F.scuiial is but a :rm0rial of the past,
gU-eted ar.u forgotten. I wo hundred
.".i'. like the si-.irit of dead aes. creep
jhoiM It-sly through its cloisters, and the pen-
sue meliMiv o their matins ana ve-wr-;
floats mournfully through their deserted halls.
Here have been witnessed scenes of revelry,
ami scenes of fanaticism the spirit of sincere
lhoiit;h misguided piety, and the spirit of
reckless and heaven-defying crime, such as
few caithly abodes have ever exhibited. The
fountain" still throw up their beautiful jets,
but the haughty cavaliers and the high-born
maidens who once thronged them, have
disappeared, and the pensive friar, in sack
cloth and hempen girdle, sits in solitude upon
the moss-grown stone. The blaze of illumi
nations once gleamed Worn those w indows and
corridors, and night was turned to day as
onM and dances csounded through hall, and
bower, and grove. .Now midnight comes
with midnight s silence, and solitude, ana
gloom; and naught is to be seen oui ncre
and there the glimmer of some faint taper from
Ihe cell where sme penitent monk keeps his
painful vigils. The jewelry, and the flaunt-
ing robes ot lashion, anu me urenj pvi..
l.irh have ushered in the bridal party, have
passed away, and now the convent bell but
calls world-renouncing, joyless neans to mc
hour of praver, or tolls the knell, as, in the
.!...- .X i.i.rht. the remains of some depart
ed brother are borne, with twinkling torches
and funereal chants, to tneir ounai. out..
r. the Escurial. And yet how many are
there, weary of the world, w ith crushed hearts
and dead hopes, who would giaaiy m.u,
these dim cloisters, a refuge from the storms
of life. Here, beneath this m" '""7,
body ot tne napless Isabella will moulder to
the dust. My Cod grant, that when the
trumnof the archangel shall awake her from
the long sleep ot tne grave, sue ma
sit upo a more exalted throne, and to wear
a brighter crown than mortal inmdhath ever
conceited. AbhoVt King and Queens.
-r . . .. - t. ..
V VNACEA FOR POVERTY
The great calamity of the poor is not their
poverty, understanding this word in the usual
. . -i ,.r arxM.il rank.
sense, but me ttnucm.;
to degradation of mind. When I compare
together different classes as existing at this
moment, in the civilized world, I cannot
think the difference between the rich and the
poor, in regard to mere physical suflering,
' aa ia sometimes imagined. . v asuy
more in this community die from eating too
much than from eating too little; vastly more
from excess than from starvation. So as to
clothing; many shiver from want of defences
al.lt the cold; but there is vastly more
nff ih rich from absurd and
S33rf4- ?Meb fashion has
sanctioned, than among the poor from ae
VC" " A.;mnt Our daughters are oft
nciency . - tu ,. r:ch at.
brought to tw B''.w r '
. .1- i,.-.- t.v their nakedness
L r .re often overworked, nut tney
man uiv wm - -v . . .
suffer le.7 than many of the rich who have
sutler less inmu j . . t tofin up
no worn io oo, ho i...-. e - rop
life, to aatufy the infinite craving of man for
HONOLULU, SATURDAY, JULY 28 , 1849.
According to our present modes of edur.a.
tion, how many of our daughters are victims
to ennui, a misery unknown to the poor, and
more intolerable than the weariness of ex
cessive toil. It is not then the physical suf
fering of the poor, but their relation to the
rest of society, the want of means of inward
life, the degrading influence of their position
to w hich the chief misery is to be traced.
Let not the condition of the poor be spoken
of as necessarily wretched. Give them the
Cristian spirit and they would find in their
lot the chief elements of good. Nor let it be
said that the poor cannot enjoy domestic hap
piness for want of the means of educating
their children. A sound moral judgment ia
of more value in education than all wealth
and all talent. For want of this, the chil
dren of men of genius and opulence are often
the worst trained in the community. What
presents do civilization and science make to
the poor? Strong drink, ardent spirits, liq
uid fire a type of the fire of hell.
In every poor man s neighborhood flows a
Lethean stream which laps him for awhile in
oblivion of all his cares and -sorrows. The
power of this temptation can be little un
derstood by those whose thirst for pleasure
is regularly supplied by a succession of in
nocent pleasures, who meet soothing and ex
citing objects wherever they turn. The un
educated poor, without resource in books in
their families, in a well-sptead board, in
cheerful apartments, in places of fashionable
resort, and pressed down by disappointment,
debt, despondence, exhausting toils, are driv
en by an impulse dreadfully strong, to the
haunts of intemperance;, and there they
plunge into a misery sorer than all the tor
tures invented by man. They quench the
lights of reason, cast off the characteristics
of humanity, blot out God's image as far as
they have power, and take their place among
the brutes. Terrible misery ! and this comes
too from the very civilization in which they
live. They are victims to the progress of
science and arts; for these multiply the poison
which destroys them. 1 hey are victims to
the rich; for it is the capital of the rich which
erects the distilleries, and surrounds them
with temptations of self-murder. They are
victims to the partial advancement of society,
which multiplies gratifications and allure
ments, without awakening proportionate mor
al power to withstand them.
We are hoping to form new men and wo-
a a - . a a . 1
men by literature and science; out an in
vain. We shall learn, in time that moral
and religious culture is the foundation and
strength of all true cultivation; that we are
forming human nature bv theme n; relied
on for its grow th, and that the poor who re
ceive a care wiiereinawaivi-iis uieircoiiscieii
ces and moral sentiments, start under happier
auspices than the prosperous, who place su
auspices man inc urusiicruus, who uiitc su- i .,. ck - .v. .
preme dependence on 'the education of the"urse'.y' S.he on Unearthly being in his
ntellect and taste. It is the kind. W ...&:;e superior to h,s father-to all the world
intellect and taste. It is the kind, hoi t
extent ot knowledge, by wh'.cU he advance
ment of a hum ir. cZuxg must be measured;
and that kind which alone exalts a man, is
placed within the reach of all. Moral and
Religious Truth this is the treasure of the
ntellect, and all are poor without it. This
transcends physical truth as far as heaven is
..... .. V k
lilted above the earth. JJr. . nanmng.
The downfall of Indian Rubber.
Steam and caoutchouc were a longtime look
ed upon as ultimates in the various uses to
which they could be applied, the possibil
ity of discovering a substitute for either was
hardly dreamed of; but the possibilities of
human experience can never ne guesseu ai;
it is just as certain that the next age will sur
pass the present in the aids of progress, as
that the present surpasses the past. In short
progress is, of necessity, infinite; like a cir
cle it can have no end. Steam has lost one
half its consequence by the invention of the
magnetic telegraph, and the universal caout
chouc will be almost entirely superseded by
the discovery of a kindred element of hap
piness, the Gutta Percha.
As the gutta percha is but just coming in
to use, no one half its appliances can now be
surmised, but it has already been found su
perior to India-rubber in the majorities of
purposes for which that material has been
used, while it is capable of being employed
in many cases, where India-rubber was in
efficient. Gutta percha is the gum of a tree
which grows on the Island of Borneo, and
the entire Malayan Peninsular abounds in
extensive forests of this most valuable pro
duction of the tropics. The tree is very
large and bears some resemblance to the in-dian-rubber
tree, but differs from it in its
botanical characteristics. The sap of the
tree exudes from its larcerated surface, but
quickly becomes hard on bei". J "
alio lr. - - .
It is purified by being boiled in hot water
when it becomes soft and plastic; below the
temperature of fifty degrees it is nearly as
hard aa wood; it is extremely tough but be
comes plastic when it is cut into thin strips;
at a temperature below boiling water it be
comeas soft and yielding as melted wax or
putty, and may be moulded into any form or
stretched out thinner than the finest paper.
When it cools it becomes hard and tough
airain and retains its plastic shape without
the slightest change by contraction, or warp
inr. Its tenacity is wonderful, a thin slip
sustained a weight of fifty pounds; the pro
cess of melting and cooling seems to have no
effect in injuring its qualities. It burns freely
and emits an odor when ignited similar to that
of caoutchouc; it is easily disolved in the oil
of 0rpentine, but with difficulty in ether and
other solvents oi inoia-ruui-i.
The uses of this valuable material are al
most infinite; it combines all the valuable
properties of the best tanned leather, with
koLiaatiritv of caoutchouc, and a durability
.k:u - ..iikai- rf tripm nossesscs. and for
strapping machinery supplies a want that has
it hpn aeriouslv experienced. It will
answer all the purposes to which leather is
applied and immensely superior to that or
K'ST PhrasoUof Nothing Hke leather."
me oio F" . . . ,l -
india-rubber tor soots anu ooy"
will be deprived 'or us signmcanu- j
gutta percha. A leafof gutta percha no thick
er than hank note paper is as impervious to
water as glass; for. umbrellas, overcoats,
roofs of houses, bottoms of ships, coverings
of boxes, and in all cases where protection
from wet is desired, its use will be invaluable.
It can be formed into gas-pipes and water
pipes of any size, and any degree of strength
that may be required; and used for such pur
poses will never decompose or wear out; and
being ductile and elastic it may be applied
in a thousand shapes, and for thousands of
purposes where iron or lead cannot now be
Its utilitarian uses are endless ; it will sup
ply the place of tin, wood, copper, iron, stone
and even glass, for such purposes as buckets,
tubs, vases, goblets, drinking cups, and all
manner of utensils which are not used over
the fire. But its uses for ornamental pur
poses are even more varied. In England it
has already been used to a very considera
ble extent in book-binding, and for that pur
pose alone it must soon entirely supercede
leather. For mouldings of all kinds, from
the cornices of a house, the capitals of pillars
in architecture, to the most delicate and in
tricate fancy work, such as snuffboxes, pic
ture frames, knife handles, and the ornamen
tation of rooms, carriages, fountains, ship's
cabins, steamboats, and the innumerable ar-J
tides which are made to gratify the eye, it.
must supersede all other materials. j
.-ir, acids, and the ordinary chemical
agencies have no eftect upon it. It is harder
than horn,' softer than wax, more tenacious
than caoutchouc, more durable than iron;
nothing can injure it but fire, and even that
does not destroy it; and no ordinary rub can
deface it. For floor cloths it will supersede
the Use bf alt other maLnala, mm it nan be
made of extreme thickness, perfectly imper
vious to air or water and of greater durabil
ity than any other flexible material known.
In its hard state it can with difficulty be cut
with a knife or a saw, but when it is soft, it
can be moulded into the most delicate forms
by the hand of a child.
Great is Gutta percha! ,V. F. Mirror.
A Fashionable Mother. Sometimes
once or twice a week that lady visited the
upper regions in which the child lived. She
came like a vivid figure out of the Magasin
des Modes blandly smiling in the most beau
tiful new clothes and little gloves and boots.
Wonderful scarfs, laces, and jewels, glitter
ed about her. She had always a new bonnet
on, and flowers bloome perpetually in it; or
else magnificent curling ostrich feathers, soft
and snowy camellias. She nodded twice or
thrice patronisingly to the little boy, who
looked up from his dinner, or from the pic-
ures of soldiers he was painting. hen
- Tu tr. .v, nAn., r-
icu llic I v; a wvrua vs j. vi OvlilC
other magical fragrance, linrerfcd about the
to be worshiped and admired at a distance.
To drive with that lady in a carriage was an
awful rite; he sate up in the back seat and
did not dare to speak; he gazed with all his
eyes at the beautifully dressed princess op
posite to him. Gentlemen on splendid pran
cing horses came up, and smiled and talked
with her. How her eyes beamed upon all
of them! r--IIer hand used to quiver and move
gracefully as they passed. When he went
out with her, he had his new red dress on.
His old brown holland was good enough
when he staid at home. Sometimes when he
was away, and Dolly his maid was making
his bed, he came into his mother's room. It
was as the abode of a fairy to him a mystic
chamber of splendor and delights. There,
in the wardrobe, hung those wonderful robes
pink and blue, and many tinted. There
was the jewel-case, silver-clasped ; and the
mystic bronze hand on the dressing table,
glittering all over with a hundred rings.
There was the chcvalglass, that miracle of
art, in which he could just see his own wonder
ing head, and the reflection of Dolly (queer
ly distorted, and as if up in the ceiling,)
plumping and patting the pillows of the bed.
O, then, poor lonely little benighted boy !
Mother is the name for God in the lips and
hearts of little children; and here was one
who was worshiping a stone ! " Vanity
Rights anp Duties of Government.
The relations of human society render civil
government indispensable. Civil govern
ment is indeed an ordinance of God. Of the
form of the government we now say nothing,
except that the republican seems to us the
perfection of government. Of such a gov
ernment then, what is the design ? Our re
publicanism, theoretically at least, will not
be doubted, when we answer its dpaipn ia
to secure to each individual, (and to all in
dividuals alike,) the opportunity of develop
ing as he will, and to the widest extent, his
own happiness, provided only that he shall
not invade the same rights in his neighbors.
In other words, the civil government is the
union of the citizens for securing to each in
dividual, (and to all individuals alike,) his
natural rights, which rights are those just
named. Under this theory, which is the
theory of the government under which we
live, every citizen is thus addressed : Your
opportunities are as wide as the universe
employ your mind, your hands, your time,
your skill and your property as you may
iudee best for your interests and happiness,
restricted only by the equal privileges of
others. If you restrain not yourself within
these limits, vou shall be restrained. Ifl
others violate your rights, you shall be pro
tected. This is the compact,' to which there
are no exceptions, and .from which there can
be no release. -'- " '
Now if these things he so, it follows that
the rightfulness of prohibitory laws, as in
deed of all others, is to be determined by
their relation to these fundamental princi
ples. The civil government not only may,
but must pass prohibitory laws, when any
citizen, or any number of citizens, commit
acts which violate the rights of their neigh-
. n . I I r -U l i
Dors. 1 nis is tne grouna oi bucu mws, iuu
both justifies and demands them. Thus if
1 ;hhnra annrnnriate mv nrooertv with-
my neighbors appropriate my property with
out my consent, the law properly steps in
and forbids the theft. If my neighbors in-
vade my personal liberty and bind me in
chains, or shut me in prison walls, the law
secures to me my release, and avenges the
injury. It declares that no man shall invade
the rights with which God has endowed me,
and adapts its prohibitory provisions to this
end. It does not assume to be a censor of
morals, but the guardian of equal rights. It
does not seek to control men's convictions,
but to restrain their invasion of their neigh
bors' privileges, possession or happiness.
When, therefore, an individual finds him
self pressed by prohibitory laws, and is dis
posed to coflnplain tha his rights are thereby
invaded, he will do well to pause and inquire
whether the liberty which he demands for
himself is not a. license to invade the rights
of others. That is a thing which the gov
ernment, if true to its design, cannot allow.
The humblest and the weakest of its citizens
is entitled to protection' Suppose the com
plainant in this case to be a trafficker in in
toxicating ' liquors. He protests that the
government is seeking to enforce upon him
certain notions about morality, whereas on
such subjects he has his own right of con
scienceand to injure his properly by inter
fering with his business. But to this the
reply is, that others have rights which he is
invading. Wives and children are entitled
to conjugal and parental care, which he de
prives them of by furnishing to the drunken
husband and father the demon of the cup.
Men of sober lives and industrious habits are
entitled to the fruits of their earnings, w hich
his traffic is filching away in the shape of
taxes for poor-houses, police and prisons.1
He is violating the rights of Win neighbors
he is demanding the privilege of invading the
social peace and welfare, and it is no viola
tion of his proper freedom to restrain hiin.
He mistook the nature of liberty when he
imagined that it involved the privilege of in
jury to others, and society lays its hands
upon him and says, equal rights, sir, you
can have, but no more. N. Y. Recorder.
From NiWV National Rrgialer.
Labor in various Countries. In Eng
land the reward of the laboring man varies.
The stocking weavers of Nottingham work
from fourteen to sixteen hours per day, and
receive from four to five shillings sterling per
week. Of course they can indulge in no lux
uries, and are compelled to subsist almost
exclusively on bread and water, or potatoes
In Ireland, the average wages of a day
laborer ranges from nine and a half to eleven
cents per day. The food of these oppressed
beings is principai.lv n.j;i an( potatoes, varied
occasionally, as one of them touchingly re
marks, by "potatoes and milk.
In Austria, the land is held principally by
the aristocracy. The peasants are compel
led to labor for the landed proprietors, except
on the Sabbath. Bondage, the most stulti
fvin". is the condition of the poor.
In Hungary, the land as in Austria, is
owned bv the nobles. Laborers are com
pelled to keep in repair all bridges and high
wavs are liable nt all times to have the sol
die'rs quartered upon them, and compelled to
decimate the produce of their scanty tillage
to the church, and olie ninth to the lord of
whom they hold.
In Sweden, the law regulates the dress of
the laborer. The food ol thin class consists
of hard bread, dried fish, without gruel and
The Scotch are comparatively a favored
people; yet among them, not to enumerate
many other vexations, meat is, except on
Sundays, an unusual luxury.
In Poland, cabbage aud potatoes supply
the food of he ordinary workmen. Poverty
among this class is universal. Sometimes,
though by no means commonly, they par
take of black bread and soup, or butter, or
meat. One who had travelled extensively in
this country, and was a close observer of
things, remarks: have journeyed in every
direction, and have never seen a wheaten
loaf to the eastward of the Rhine, in any part
of Northern Germany, Poland or Denmark."
In Norway the ordinary food of the labor
in" classes is bread and gruel. These are
nreoared from oat meal, with a mixture of
dried fish, occasionally. Meat is rarely seen
on the tables of the peasantry, and is regard
ed as a luxury.
In France, it is said that seven and a half
millions of the population never eat w heat, or
a a ra " ! d
wheaten bread! l neir suusisiance is cineny,
buckw heat, chesnuts, rye, barleyj and a few
potatoes. The wages paid to a common day
laborer in France amount annually to about
37 50 for a male, and $ 13 7 for a female
AnA .yot. with all this, the taxes upon them
amount to nearly or quite one fifth the nett
product of their yearly toil.
In Denmark, the condition of the under
classes is that of bondage. Their state is
empatically that of the' ancient predial slaves
during the feudal ages, and tney are nougnt
. - . . . -a 1 I . .1 1 I
and sold with the soil on wnicn tney lao
and pass their lives. .
In Russia, the condition of the peasantry or
laboring-classes, is even more complete and
humiliating than in UenmarK. ah tne iana
is in possession of the nobles, and with it are
transferred the inhabitants whenever it is
sold. , : . ' . .
A traveller remarks that a great majority
of the laborers, " have only cottages, one
nortion of which is occupied by the family,
the other appropriated to domestic animals.
Few, if any, have beds but sleep upon bare
hoards, or uoon parts of the immense stoves
by which their houses are warmed. Their
food consists of black bread, cabbage, and
. ... ... ... : .rt...
other vegetables, wiwoui iue uuumou oi uut
Beautiful Action or the Scn. The il
luminating influence of the sun is displayed
in a remarKaoie uegms vj piam v--Ficoidet;
its leaves combine with the oxygen
of the atmosphere during the night, and are
as sour as sorrel' in .the morning; as the
sun rises, they gradually lose their oxygen,
and are tasteless by noon ; and by the con-a-tinn
fifth lio-ht. thev lose more and
UUUVU w.wu v. J .
more, till towards evening they become bit-
ter. Mrs. soraervwe. ... ...:
Hints to Husbands. We not unfre
quently meet with " Advice to Wives," but
seldom any thing respecting a Husband's
duties to his I fife. The following selection,
by a fair correspondent, being very gopd,
we copy it for the benefit of our readers :
" It should not be forgotten that a wife
has her rights, as sacred after marriage as
before, and a good husband's devotion to his
wife, will concede quite as much attention as
his gallantry did while a lover. Before mar
riage, a young man would feel some delicacy
in accepting an . invitation to a company
where his lady-love had not been invited;
after marriage is he always as particular?
During courtship gallantry would demand
that he should make himself agreeable lo
her; after marriage, it often occurs that he
thinks more of being agreeable to hunsell.
How often do men, after passing the day at
their stores or places of business, leave
their wives alone in the evening, to attend
some place of amusement, and even when
the evening is spent at home, it is employed
in some way, which does not recognize the
wife s right to share in the enjoyment of thw
Look ye husband ! and consider what
your wife was when you took her, not from
compulsion, but from your own choice a
choice based on what you then considered
her superiority to all others. She was young.
perhaps the idol of a happy home, gay and
blithe as a lark, and was cherished as an
object of endearment at her father's fireside.
Yet she left all to join her destiny with yours;
to make your home happy, to do all that
woman's love could prompt, woman's inge
nuity could devise to meet your wishes, and
to lighten the burdens which might pi CSS Oil
you in your pilgrimage.
She, of course, bad her expectations, and
she did expect you would, after marriage.
perform those kind offices of whirh you were
so lavish in the days of betrotbment. She
became your wife ; left her home for yours;
burst asunder as it were the bonds of love
which had bound her to her father's fireside,
seeking no other boon than your affection ;
left, it may be, the ease and delicacy of
home of indulgence ; and now what must be
her feelings if she gradually awakens to the
consciousness, that you love her less than
before; that your evenings are spent abroad;
that you only come home to satisfy Ihe de
mands of hunger, to find a resting place for
your head when weary, or a nurse for your
sick chamber when diseased. Why did she
leave the bright home of her youthful days ?
Was it simply to darn your stockings, mend
your clothes, and provide for the wants of
your household ? Or was there some under
standing that she was to be made happy in
her connection with the man she dared to
love ? It is our candid opinion that in the
majority of instances of domestic misery,
man is the aggressor." Frieud of Virtue.
The true Strength or Men and Na
tions. The true permanent strength of men
and of nations lies much more in character,
than in outward advantages. . A character
of solid worth is itself a permanent spring of
prosperity. It exerts over external circum
stances a plastic power, and shapes them
into subserviency- to its own high ends i
while a weak and vicious character squan
ders all the outward advantages which may
have been furnished k by the hand of fortune-.
Yet few men understand this, and still
fewer nations. Do we not see thousands,
instead of cultivating and maturing their own
powers, wasting their time and strength in
the search' after propitious places? laving
the fault of their inefficiency to outward dis
advantages, instead of to inward imbecility ?
And how do nations act? Little honor
can they expect, who are silently aud per
severingly laboring to form a sound national
character by the diffusion of know ledge and
religion among the people ; because the
people have little faith in the proposition that
their true strength lies in these things. -
But propose some noisy, tumultuous way
of aggrandizing a nation by war and ton
quest, for example and they are all enthu
siasm. When a battle is gained, they will
toss up their caps and huzza for their coun
try, as though some great gain had been ac
complished, and this, though they In ay be
unable to defend the justice of the war in
which the victory has been won. When
nations understand so little of the real sources
of their strength, nothing remains but that
they should be taught their folly by bitter
experience. Ohio Observer.
CP A new virtue has been discovered in
coffee. The London Medical Gazelle gives
the result of numerous experiments with
roasted coffee, proving that it is the most
powerful means not only of rendering animal
and vegetable effluvia innocuous but of ac
tually destroying them. A room lit which
meat in an advanced degree of decompo
sition had been. kepi for soine time, was ini
stantly deprived of all smell on an open cof
fee roaster being carried through it, contain
ing a pound of coffee newly roasted. In
another room, exposed to the effluvium oc
casioned hy the clearing out of a dung pit,
so that sulphuretted hydrogen and ammonia
in great quantities could be chemically de
tected, the stench was completely removed
within half a minute on the employment of
three ounces of fresh roasted coffe, whilst
the other parts of the bouse were perfectly
cleared of the smell by being simply trav
ersed with the coffee roaster, although the
cleaning of the dung pit continued for sev
eral hours after.
The best method of using the coffee aa c
disinfectant is to dry the raw bean, ponnd it
in a mortar, and then roast the powder on a
moderately heated iron plate, fititil it assumes
a dark brown tint, when it is ready for ase.
Then sprinkle it in sinks or cesspools, ot lay
it on a plate in the room which you wish f o
have purified. - Coffee acidor coffee oil acta
more readily id minute quantities.
. Michigan for bio Oxfc. We noticed ia
the market yesterday, four of the best fat
oxen ever driven to this city. Their aggre
gate weight j 8,000 pound. Detroit Adv.