Newspaper Page Text
fence, now fully established, of the voluntary
principle and, last, and roost decisive of all,
it is tsiiifrht urovheticall in the book of Rev
elation, when told that then will the king
doms of the earth (Basileiat, or governing
powers) become the kingdoms of our Lord
Jesus Christ; or the Uovernmenis 01 me
earth become Christian Governments.
(Signed,) Thomas Chalmers."
HONOLULU, SATURDAY. AUGUST 23.
The gross exports from the U. States were,
for the year ending June SO, 1846; June SO, 1857.
. $ 1 02, 1 4 1 ,8931 58,648,682
Some of the most important items making up
the above large 6Uin are, .
. Pork, bacon, lard and 1846
Iron, and manufac
During the same period there was imported
into the United States, to the value of,
- , $146,545,638
-' Of which was in gold and silver, 25,000,000
From England and Colonies, 72,000,000
From France and do 25,000,000
From Cuba, 12,000,000
From Brazil, 7,000,000
From China, 6,000,000
Russia, .' ' 924,673
Sandwich Islands, 21,059
And exported to those countries as follows:
To England and Colonies, $101,218,157
To France and Colonies, 20,819,107
To Cuba, 6,977,706
To Brazil, 2,943,778
To China, 1,832,884
To Russia, 750,450
To Prussia, 202.166
Sandwich Islands, no report, and wherefore?
Some of the principal items of import, are as
Manufactures of Cotton, $ 1 5,1 92,521
do of Silk, 13,965,533
do1 of Wool, 10,891,803
; Iron and do. of iron and steel, 8,121,225
Tea, ' 4,278,463
Distilled Spirits, 1,497,239
Beer, Ale and Porter, 123,342
We have, at considerable labor, compiled the
above statistics, which we hope may prove in
structive to our readers. We should be very
happy to publish similar statistics of the other
commercial nations, had we the data from which
to compile them; but not having reports from
them, we are obliged to make use of such as we
have, and shall use our endeavors to procure
others for future reference.
A. careful study and comparison of the above
cannot but lead to profound reflection. The re
sources of a country that can increase its exports
more than fifty per cent, in a single year, so large
already, and at the same time amply supply its
own rapidly increasing population, must strike
the mind with amazement.
Another point of satisfaction is, that of the iin
Mrt., amounting to one hundred and forty-six
millions, but three millions are of a deleterious
nature; the numerous remainder being articles
and productions for the lienefil of man. Ami
while the increase of inqiorts has been forty-four
millions, the increase of liquors, wines and beer
has been but $115,389, a ratio of increase very
much less than the ratio of increase of popula
tion. Among the articles of import it is curious to
notice the item of nails, to the amount of 53,-
000, while nails forms a very large item of ex
port from the United States. This is simply ex
plained from a knowledge of the fact, that while
no eountrj can make cul nails to compete with
the superb article manufactured so extensively
in the U. S.r the wrought or hand-made nail of
England can be imKrted cheaper than it can be
made, on account of the higher rate of wages in
the former. . "
The gross amount of exports, divided by the
cross population, gives about $8 each to an in
dividual. , Such a proportionate amount at the
Sandwich Islands would give an export of $640,
000, with the present population of 80,000;
whereas, by the last report to the legislature, in
1848, the gross amount of exports was a little
less than $500,000, and the population was some
ten thousand more than at the present time.
Items or News it the Preble. The whal
ing hark Hamilton, Capt. Wade, of Bridgeport,
has been condemned at Hongkong.
TbVHamilton, ship Howard, the Brighton,
and several other whalesbips,' had been obliged
to return to port, in consequence of having con
tracted the small pox at Hongkong.
The Preble brings seven Hawaiian,' part of
the crew of the wbalesbip Lagoda, who had been
imprisoned ten months in Japan. She had pre
viously conveyed seven white men from Japan
The Preble spoke, at sea, on the 7th of Aug.,
the English lorcba Sarah, 70 days from Hong
kong, bound to San Francisco ; and on the 8th,
the U. S. ship Ohio, 13 days hence, all well.
The Preble has lost 31 men by the East India
dysentery, and the scurvy has also made its ap
pearance on board. Upwards of 40 are still
da wo with dysentery, and have been removed
on shore to the American Hospital.
Naval. The U. S. S. Preble, Capt. Glynn,
arrived on the 20th Inst, from the East Indies. t
She was bound for California, but falling inwiih
the Ohio, when within about 800 miles of the
' American coast,' and having tb dysentery on
board, her destination was changed to these Is
lands, where we doubt not her sick can be bet
ter cared for than in California, in these gold
seeking times. We are sorry to hear that she
has lost so many men, with the dysentery, before
reaching this port.
CK The following arc copies of three docu
menu thrown on hoard the U." S. Ship Preble,
wtulnKtiiudiiigiiilo the Bay of Nagasaki in April
last. They were secured to a bauilioo, by being
thrust into a split in the' end, and thrown on
liard, bamboo and alj. Copies of the same are
proloddy sent on lioard all foreign ships ap-
proHcliins the harbors of that isolated and exclu
To the Commander of the vessel approaching
this Empire, (Japan) sailing under Dutch or
other colors. .
By extress onler of the Governor of Naga
saki you are requested, ns soon as you have ar
rived near the Northern Carallos, to anchor there
at a safe place, ami to remain th;re until you
will have received further advice.
Very disagreeable consequences might result,
in case this order should not be strictly observed.
Translated by the Superintendent of the Ne
therland trade in Japan.
(Signed,) J. H. LEVYSSOHN.
The Reporters attached t the Interpreter's
Opfes Raffortucr, L S.
Omder Raffortucr, L. S.
To the Commander of the vessel approaching
this Empire, sailing under Dutch or other
By express order of the Governor of Nagasaki
you are requested, as soon as you have arrived
near the Northern Cavallos, to anchor there at a
safe place, and to remain there until you have
received further advice.
Please to answer as distinctly and as soon as
iossible, the following questions:
What is the name of your vessel?
What is her tonnage ?
What is the number of her crew?
Where do you come from?
What is the date of your departure?
Have you any wrecked Japanese on board?
Have you anything to ask for, as water, fire
Are arty more vessels in company with you,
bound for this Empire?
By order of the Governor of Nagasaki.
Translated by the Suterintcndeiit of the Ne
therlands trade in Japan. v
(Signed,) J. II. LEVYSSOHN.
Offer Raffortcur, L. S.
Order Raffortccr, L. S.
To the respectiee commanders, their officers, and
eretcs of the vessels approaching the coast of
Japan, or anchoring near the coast or in the
bays of that Empire.
During the time foreign vessels arc on the
coast of Japan, or near, as well as in the bfy of
Nagasaki, it is expected and likewise ordered
that every one of the ship's company will behave
projierly towards, and acco civilly the Japanese
Government officers, and all the Japanese sub
jects in general. No one may leave the vessel
or use her boats for cruising or landing on the
islands, or on the main coast; and ought to rc
main on board until further advice from the Ja
panese Government has been received.
It is likewise forbidden to fire guns, or to use
other fire-arms on board the vessels as well as in
Very disagreeable consequences might result
in case the aforesaid should not be strictly ob
The Governor of Nagasaki.
Perc. We have received files of Peruvian
papers to the 21st of June. His Excellency the
President, General Don Ramon Castilla, had
opened the Chambers, convoked to extraordinary
sessions, with a message, in which, after allud
ing to the movements of Tacna and Tnrapaca ;
the ambitious views of General Baltivian, ex
President of Bolivia ; the efforts made to corrupt
the Peruvian army and navy ; the excuses of
the press in encouraging revolution, and the re
volutionary efforts of the heads of the conspiracy
of the 21st of February, acting in concert with
the agents of foreign governments abroad, he
called the attention of Congress to the necessity
of passing laws with a view to try and punish
the disturbers of the public peace and to supply
the deficit in the revenues arising from such dis
orders. The report rpad to the Legislature by His
Excellency Don Felipe Pardo, Minister of For
eign Relations, Justice and Ecclesiastical af
fairs, is a very able and well reasoned docu
Local Proceedikgs. By reference to anoth
er column, it will be seen that the people of
Waialua, and vicinity, on this Island, have
availed themselves of their legal rights, and have
enacted rules for their local protection, which
we hope will not merely prove advantageous to
themselves, but also a hint to other localities to
combine for mutual benefit, and to protect their
cultivated grounds from the depredations of their
own and other people' eattlo.
The legal authorization -for such a proceeding
is found at page 55 of the old laws, and is as
1. If the people of any village, township, dis
trict, or state, consider themselves afflicted by
any particular evils in consequence of there be
ing no law which is applicable, it shall be lawful
for them to eo to a tax officer, judge, or anv
chief, and he shall give notice to all the people
of the place, who may assemble at the place
a a a mm
mentioned ny tne officer. 1 hen they may de
vise a law which will remedy their difficulties.
If they shall agree to any rule, then that rule
shall become a law for that place, but for no
other. It shall not however be in their nower
to make any law which is at variance with any
law of the kingdom, nor on a subject of universal
But laws respecting roads, fences, animals.
and all such like things they may pass.
CO"His Majesty, Katnehameha III., returned
to Honolulu on Sunday last, from Hawaii. His
return was somewhat hastened by the death of
the wife of His Highness, the Premier, whose
funeral was postponed until His Majesty's re
His Excellency, the Minister of Finance, also
returned with His Majesty.
09-The funeral of J. K. K. Alanai. wife of
His Highness, the Premier, took place yester
day, according to previous notice. The attend
ance was large, both of official and private per
sons; minute guns were fired from the Fort,
and the flags on ship board and on shore, were
all at balf-mast.
POLYNESIAN SATURDAY, AUGUST 25
For ttip Piilvm-Mmt.
'TRUTH STRANGER THAN FICTION.'
Mr. Editor: Der Sir, The following
facts relating to a young American girl, I think
cannot but interest your readers, especially as
they are too well authenticated to admit of a
doubt of their having taken place, in the manner
to be mentioned.
The American whale ship Washington, which
arrived here on the 13th inst., reports the w hale
ship Christopher Mitchell at Paita under the fol
lowing circumstances : The M. had touched in
ut Paita, for the purose of putting ashore letters
for home, and again left for the cruising ground;
but on the second or third uight out, w hen the
watch was called, one of the crew whs diseovcr-
ed to lx) a young girl, instead of a fair-haired
boy, which created no little excitement on Itoard,
and caused the captain to put buck again to P.
to land his female sailor, to seek some more con
genial way of earning a livelihood, than using a
tar bucket and marlinspik.
Her story before the American Consul, (who
was at no little loss what to do, remarking that
he had often had men discharged upon bis hands,
but never before one of the, gentle sex,) was as
She is a native of Rochester, N. Y., was se
duced, like thousands of others, from her home,
by a villian who promised to make her his law
ful wife, but who abandoned her in a short time
and absconded to parts unknown. Returning to
her parental roof, she was met by her parents
with bitter scorn and driven from her home.
Too proud to ask assistance from strangers, and
not so far lost to virtue as to think of sulisisting
by the only means which might now seem left to
her, she put on male attire and for two months
earned her living by driving a horse on the canal.
Tired of this, she determined to go to sea first
engaged as a cabin boy at $4 per month but
was told by the shipping master that she could
make more by a whaling voyage, ami conse
quently proceeded to Nantucket to look for a
It was with some difficulty that she obtained a
berth, her youth and delicate appearance being
much against her. One of the shipowners, at a
place where she applied, (an oldquaker,) at last
became so much pleased with, as he expressed
it, "the good face of the boy," that be er-
suaded the captain of the M. to take her on
lioard. She performed her duty faithfully for
the seven months previous to her discovery
never shrinking from going aloft, even in the
worst weather, or the darkest night. She nlso
pulled her oar twice in pursuit of whales, but
the boat in which she belonged bad never been
fast to one of the monsters, or perhaps her cour
age might have failed her. She was a general
favorite on lioard, never mixing with the crew
anv more than was absolutely necessary. Her
quiet, inoffensive behavior hud also very much
prepossessed the captainsnnd his officers in her
When summoned into the captain's presence.
immediately after the discovery, she made a full
a;;d voluntary confession, whereupon she was
taken into the cabin, a state-room set apart for
her use and every attention shown her that could
be extended to a female on lioard ship.
When l-ntled at Paita, the excitement and fa
tigue had somewhat overpowered her, but in one
or two days she was quite well, and much elated
with the prospect of soon reaching home in a
vessel about to sail.
Too much praise cannot lie awarded to the
Capt. of the M., the American Consul, Cnpts.
of vessels in port, residents, &c, for the interest
they took in her welfare, and the measures they
adopted for her comfort and safe passage to her
Only once previously to her final discovery,
did h run any risk of being exposed; but on
the occasion alluded to, by suddenly working in
a more bungling manner, she escaped detection.
The cause of attention being drawn towards her
on the aliovc occasion, was the quickness with
which she plied her needle being more than a
match for the other sailors, in that respect.
The fact of her !eing on board and doing her
duty well, cannot be doubted. Her own narra
tive is as I have given it, and for my part I can
not see why, under the circumstances, she should
either exaggerate or refuse to disclose the whole
Trulv, when will wonders cease? Hoping
our young heroine may reach home in safety,
and that the story of her adventures may soften
the hearts so unnaturally hardened against her,
I remain, yours, &c, JI.
Her name is Miss Ann Johnson, and her age
OUR AGRICULTURE. No. 3.
Mr. Editor: We have spoken in our pre
vious numbers of the importance of agriculture
to the Hawaiian nation, and urged the necessity
of an entire change in the mode of cultivating
the soil among the natives. They do not till the
land to any great extent, because they do not
know how, and they have not the means. Work
ing in their way, their strength is soon exhausted
and but little accomplished.
We have now another suggestion to make,
which appears to us of importance; and that is,
that an agricultural convention should be held at
some convenient central place, embracing as far
as possible all the planters on the several islands,
and other gentlemen of intelligence who are in
terested in the object. Much good could not fail
to result from such a convention to the planters
themselves and tp the public. The subject of
Hawaiian agriculture would naturally lie consid
ered in all its bearings, and that by the concen
trated wisdom of practical men, some of whom
have bad the experience of many years.
The planters thu "brought together for a com
mon object of great importance, would compare
notes, collect statistics, state their difficulties and
seek the means of removing them; record their
progress, and their reverses, and if thought ne
cessary, memorialize the government in regard to
the interests of their business. The most impor
tant result to be anticipated from such a conven
tion, would be a union of interest and feeling,
and concert of action. If ever this were called
for in any circumstances, it is among the planters
of our islands, who are so few, isolated, gener
ally poor, and having great obstacles to contend
against. They must pull together, work to each
others hands, taking large views of their work,
and allowing no petty personal intereststo set
them the one against the other. The way to
avoid this is to fairly understand each other, seek
a common interest, and this can be Iwst secured
by meeting in convention.
Without attempting to suggest all the topics
which mieht lie discussed in such a meeting of
agriculturalists, we venture to mention the fol-
I. JS'ative labor. The tafficulty of procuring
it, how to be remedied; its v.;lue in comparison
with the labor of foreigners: its advantages ami
disadvantages; how it might lie improved; how
many hours in the day should natives labor on
the l.md; haw much time should be allowed them
Again, it might bo inquired, how native wo
men have beenmployed and how they might I
employed, ami the comparative value of their
lalior. So also of children and prisoners.
2. Wages. Ascertain what is the ordinary
rate of wages for native laborers on plantations;
what also of foreigners; what wages can plan
ters afford to pay; what proportion is paid in
cash andvhat in goods; whether it is best to
hire lalwrcrs by the day, or by the year; how
native laborers are to be fed and lodged, at their
own houses or on the farm, which is best; and
how regular labor affects their morals and their
3. The comparative value of horses, oxen or
mules, in the cultivation of the land
4. Implements of husbandry. The right kind
of ploughs, harrows, carts, hoes, cultivators,
sugar mills, &.C., for the islands; the defects of
those usually imported, and how can suitable
implements be procured at reasonable prices
5. Crops. Which is the most profitable on
the w hole, cane, wheat, corn, potatoes or coffee;
and which is best adapted to the soil and climate
ot the islands and to native habits.
6. The manner of preparing the soil and plan
tiusr susrar cane; what is the best kind of cane for
seed; how it should be planted, how deep, how
far apart, at what seasons; which is most profi
table, the cane that blossoms or that which does
7. The comparative cost of producing and
manufacturing the sugarcane; what proportion
is a suitable compensation for the manufacturer;
what is the nett cost of producing an acre of cane;
what is the average amount produced on an acre,
8. Manuring. What manure can be procur
ed most readily and profitably for sugar planta
9. Seeds of all sorts. How they can be ob
tained ami by whom; what kind should be im
10. Laws necessary to protect agriculture.
11. Grnzjng and agriculture, how to le carried
on, so as not to interfere with each other.
12 Fencing. What material is best for fenc
ing on the islands, and is fencing practicable.
13. Hindrances to agriculture on the islands;
drought, want of fences, herds, want of capital,
and the remedies for these.
14. The statistics of agriculture on the islands;
the number of acres now actually cultivated by
foreigners with sugar cane and coffee, and the
avernge produce of an acre of each.
15. Can planters afford to pay 12 per cent,
for money, with which to carry on their farms?
What is the wisest course for those who com
mence without funds?
Numerous other topics would doubtless sug
gest themselves to practical men, who come to
apply their minds to the subject, but for our pur
pose this will suffice, that is, to show that such a
convention would have no lack of matters of in
terest to engage their attention.
Should a general convention be impracticable,
then let the planters on the several islands meet
and confer together. On the island of Maui es
pecially, the planters being somewhat numerous
and not far apart, could meet for a day or two,
without much inconvenience and "wjth the most
happy results upon themselves and the general
interests of their work. The time and place
must be agreed upon of course by themselves,
but we suggest that as many of them are obliged
to visit Lahaina during the term of the Superior
Court in November, that this lie the time for an
agricultural convention of all the planters on
Maui, and if this proposition is acceeded to, there
is one who will pledge himself to attend if possi
ble, and that is,
AN OLD FARMER
For the Polynesian.
Dear Sir: In speaking of the "triumphs of
justice and the rights of man in this newly dis
covered Kingdom," you say justly "AH the hon
or of the triumph here is due to the BIBLE."
As an illustration of the truth of this sentiment
allow me to give you a brief account of a visit
which I made to the island of Molokai in 1823
and a repetition of this visit in 1349.
In September 1323 accompanied by some of
the chiefs from Lahaina, and a fellow laborer
who had been in the field no longer than I; both
of us being stammerers in the Hawaiian language,
I landed on the east side of Molokai near Kalua
aha, the present Missionary station, and made the
tour ofthe Island. We examined schools, solemn
ized marriages, and as we were able, conversed
with the people from place to place. The tour
occupied some six days.
At that time the field was wholly unoccupied.
No foreign laborer had visited the island. . A
few native school teachers bad been sent by
Hoapili, governor of Maui, to collect those adults
who wished to learn to read, into schools, and
as they were able, to afford them instruction. A
few hundred adults were attending these schools,
and some of them were able to read a little.
There were no children taught on the island.
The school bouses were of the most humble
kind, commonly temporary ranais. No house
for the worship of God bad been erected. Ig
norance was, of course, rife from one end ofthe
land to the other. The people were only half
clad, very little clothing excepting the native
kapa being seen; they were improvident, indo
lent, and exceedingly wild. I recollect that in
one instance my companion and I wandered into
a pleasant valley by the side of a stream of wa
ter till we came upon three or four men w ho
were engaged in some kind of business, I do not
now.recollect what. These men apeared so
savage, and their motions were bo suspicious that
we judged it prudent to retreat. Iq a word, the
people of Molokai in 1323 were heathen; ignor
ant, degraded, wretched men and woman, "liv
ing without God and without hope in the world."
Twenty-one years have elapsed and I am again
on this little island of some 6000 inhabitant.
land near Kaluaaha and what do I see? I sm
met on the beach with decently clad men ami
women, and I preceive at once a marked im
provement in the apjiearance of every thing;
lands better improved, houses of more decent
structure, ami cattle grazing about their doors.
I see also children cleanly, well dressed, look in
hand, evidently intelligent and happy on their
way to the school house, a large and commodi
ous adobie building. I learn on inquiry, that
not a district on the i.-dand is destitute of a school
for children. Nearly a thousand of them for 1
am happy to hear that the children on this islam!
actually increase, a thing unparalleled on all the
group are collected with their books and teach
ers, and are making substantial improvement
No fewer than ten houses of worship, and of
these, eight are of stone, all built by the people
themselves, have been erected on this island
visit the bouse of worship at Kalunaha. 'Tis
a beautiful structure some 90 by 50 feet, high
walls with a gallery on the end well lighted, am
filled with settees. Ami then the 600 children
the "cold water army of Molokai," all dresser
and clean and intelligent; the sweet singing of
the choir, taught and lead by a native mas-
tejj, the compositions, and speaking of some ten
or more teachers, all listened to by a large and
attentive audience. Need I say, Mr Editor, that
to me the indications of improvement were strik
ing, exceedingly so? Need 1 say, that the ap
proving remarks of Governor Young of Maui, of
the Principal of the Seminary of Labainaluna, am
last, not least, of our good friend Judge Lee
met with a hearty response in my bosom?
And now let me repeat what I stated at the
beginning of this communication. To the Bible
taught, read, revered, are we to look for the tri
umph achieved on Molokai. Not a foreign plan
tation is seen; not a mercantile establishment;
scarcely a foreigner has taken up his abode on
the island, save the men who from the pages of
the book of God have taught that "Godliness is
profitable unto all things, having promise of the
life that now is, and of that which is to come."
Yours for the Hawaiian nation,
For the rwlyaealaa.
Mr. Hall: Perhaps a brief account of our
recent Temperance Anniversary may not unpro-
fitably occupy part of a column of the Polynes
Our usual time for this anniversary has leen
the first day ofthe year. But we were this year
prevented from holding it on that day. It was de
ferred until the second day of the present month.
I'he universal prevalence of the influenza di
minished the number that would otherwise have
attended at least one half. It has always been our
practice to connect the Puali Inu Wai with the
examination and exhibition of all the schools on
the island. The two days previous to the cele
bration w ere devoted to the examination of the
scholars. This examination was not a mock or
sham one, but as severe and faithful as are ex
aminations in any land. The examination re
sulted in the conviction of all present that more
actual advance in knowledge had Iwti made in
all the schoaJs prej.-ut, than in any previous year.
And that as a general thing the teachers had
more ability and had been more faithful.
On the morning of the anniversary, the schools
all assembled at an early hour in the large school-
house, and were subjected to an ordeal acvere,
but highly beneficial. In the presence of several
distinguished visitors the teachers were required
to designate by name, the best scholar in their
school, and after him a second and third. They
were brought forward, and received suitable
praise and encouragement.. This being over,
tha teacher were required to Kint out all such
in their various schools as had been refractory
in not attending school or in not obey ing their
teachers. They were brought up before the
gentlemen present, a trial which few of them it
is hoped will be inclined to exH-rience again.
A severer punishment could scarcely have been
devised or one more likely to le remembered.
This exercise leing over, the school formed
into a procession and preceded by the Hawaiian
flag, marched the fourth of a mile chantinj en
mass a native poem composed for the occasion.
They entered the meeting house in due order,
and were seated, the girls on one side ofthe aile,
the boys on the other. The peop'e then flocked
in until the house w as well filled
The exercises in the meeting house commenc
ed with a beautiful chant from a choir of more
than a hundred, Tollowed by prayer by the Kev.
Mr. Green. The audience was then addressed
by a scholar from Labainaluna, on the evil of
idleness. The composition as well as the de
livery did credit to the speaker.
The remaining exercises took place in the fol
1. Declamation a chapter in Pronerb.
2. Dialogue Juda and Joseph.
3. Paul, Tertus and Agrippa.
4. Sacred music, hymn composed by a native
for the occasion.
9. DUW. Cbri.iian. Tliable ami Hopeful
6. Dialogue between the King and one of
his subjects w herein the latter requests hi Maj
esty to give him license to kill men in the surest
and most summary manner, i. e., by granting a
license to sell rum.
7. Address from Famine, to the conrrera-
iion in general, aou to Lis combers in particu
8. Sacred music.
A TO i
renewal oi toe temperance Hedre. bv each
10. Address by His Excellcncv the Co.. r.....
. - t .
1 1 a J l . .
... AiMiresa iy the Hon. Vm. I- Ue. m,!,.
inc superior Court, ami member ofthe Privy
12. Address by Samuel Makano.
13. Address by Kaluna, Assessor ami Collec
14. Address by Kama'., Councll.r at Iw.
15. Address by Rev. Wm. p. Alexander, i.r.n.
cipal ofthe Seminary of Labainaluna.
16. Address by Rev. J. S. Green, M.kawa...
The exercises in the mcetin house. wbU-b
cupied about three hours, being over, the scholars
again tell into process-on ami left the house as
they came in, shouting at the top of their eoke.
the stanzas of the poem above alluded to. until
tney came to the fine grass plot w here their
ents bad prepared for them the feast of Co, ,
things, which always winds up occasions r,
this. This latter exercise was performed
the skill and despatch for which ftawaiiai ,
remarkable after which the crowd soon
The exercises of the day were highly inter,
ing and such as to show conclusively that Jj
waiians only want the means ami opportune
to attain to a respectable standing in science a
literature. Some of the ierforiuances ho
an ability for public speaking wholly unexperi
and an advance upon former years highlj
couraging. The one that personated Family
not only acted his part well, but so well, as .
only to prevent the universal coughing for
time, but to cause a general outburst of ap.4u
throughout the house.
It has been an aim to render each succccili
anniversary of the kind more interesting than
predecessor, ami though the one just past ha,
been inferior in the numlier present, it has btf,
decidedly superior in all other respects.
In closing this communication, I cannot for.
bear expressing thanks to our visitors on behalf
of the teachers ami scholars of Molokai, nrtor,;,
for being present on the occasion, but for the
sincere applause and encouraging addresses with
which they so kindly favored us.
H. R. HITCHCOCK.
Kaluaaha, Aug. II, 1849.
RESrECTI56 FASTCRES, HER S, &.C.
Mr. Editor, Please to give publicity toii
following, in the columns ofthe Polynesian, ami
much oblige a friend to the people :
At a meeting, called by the Lunaahao, at the
request of the eople, and held in Kamaoaiiai
Waialua, August 15, 1349, and well attended aj
those interested, the following rules were passed
with great unanimity, by those present no vote'
against them which are in future to be bfoYm
laws, in respect to herds and pasture lanIs, f0,
the people and places specified in the insirwnctA.
L. kuokoa being chosen to the chair, ant J. C.
Nailiili appointed scribe for the meeting, tha
following rules were read, discussed and adopted.
Since our pasture binds lie contiguous, find h
is not in our power to separate them bv fearr.
we agree to pass and impose laws that shall be j
binding upon ourselves and all others pasturing
flocks and herds from Wabiawa to the Cape f fc
Kaena, ami from the mountains of Waianae ta
the north, including all of Mananui.
Rcle I. In turning cattle into ibo pasture.
we agree that 12 cows, horses, moles or donkeri
shall be all that are allowed to any individual
owning but 100 acres of the pasture, providui"
R a t 4 . I r
nis lami ue oi me poorest quality, like most ot
the upland in Munanui, or lie sold at the loweM
price. He w hose land is, by estimate, of brticr
quality, may pasture 14 bead to the lOOaere;
ami he who may have land twice as prodiwrir
as that of the firt mimed quality, may paMura
24 head to the 100 acres, and no more. Gvau
and sheen are estimated 15 equal to one cow or
horse. 1 he young or the cows ami hore mx't
not be counted the first year, but kids and lamU
will be counted at the end of six months.
Rcle II. If anv owner improves his oasture
by planting crass, bv manuring, or irrisatin tlx.
soil, the Directors of the pasture are authorized
to allow hiit to iiM-rea? h:- Hock in the pasinre,
providing he makes -dicniioM to lhem,tbnucn
the superintendent, r.ot less than one month lie-
lore one of their annual meeting. hut the
matter must be kTt at the discretion of the di
rectors. Rcle III. In case anv owner or owner in
the tlltftlUre M ish to I. nnrtu.n ..f k.- n.
their land for urHwws of agriculture, it mav le (J 11
done ; but only on condition that lh wall SC Tore
fence is built o high ami uronjr as effectually lami
secure it from explore to tUmnge from the
herd. Furthermore, if the Directors ot I be pm
tore think well of the em l.mure, and there P e
money in the trennury not appropriated, thrt t M
may authorize the uperintendent to aid m U u,
building a portion ofthe Tcnee for the enclosure,
tin. n- iv . . .. inrt'iia
..v . . . . Mprre 10 riitM4 i nree IJirect
or ami one Sujieriiiieiidit. The Directors to
le ihiwHii for the term of four )ear, at which
lime, a re-election is to take place by the own- at
era of the pasture lands. .
The upermiendci.t f.f the p.. tore, onl,
to receive pay for In- arrvice, ami Le ia to U '
under the direction of the Director, and '
to lie displaced by them, for netted of dutt f
ft. -a. T 9 a .
uui niic in omce, trie Mipcrmtrudent ioa L
all auch petitions or complaii.t may I h.m'U
directly to either of the Directors.
. RrtE X. Duties of the Dirrttort mmd f ft
Supertnttndent. It .hall U the duty of the l-
reetora to meet annually on the first WnloetJa
in September, to du buinc pertaining to the
pasture land, to hear petitions, complaint, kc ,
made through the urintfndent, and any other
busmeiw that they may think subacmcnt to tht
common interraU uf the owner.
If the Superintendent hall find occaaion for a
meeting of the Director at any other lime, a
meeting will he at any time in onler.
It ahall be the duly of the Superintendent to
execute all the orders of the Director, fitrn at
their meeting, o far a hi alxbiy and the mean
at his dmposal will admit. He mual pr.Kecl
and rMiriin IY.m .:.k..-r.i
in the meetings of the Directors, d coiuuh sf Ln,
with them; and through him all petitions are to tC Ve i
9 mr.d to the Directors, except sorb as arc in- sc. Cr
tended to be direct coinidaiol avamat him lf. k- tt
.. .. ,.ulrl , rani in ine i- tr j.
ture, and keep all atrange r.iil , hor-s, kc , ..t C?
ofthe same ; ami. if. at an t... k
voUed hi a t.w.u.t, by hia ellWta for the pro
tection of the paMure, !. fee may act in i V
name ami urnall of tfee owner of lae paalurf .
Hut he may not engage in any Mpiait art
without ror.iltinjr at lcst two of tire Direrte.
The Suirintrndcnt shall alo keep a rt.wrt
of all the rattle put into the wtMre, with thf
kind ami brand, ami their owners. l.t
annually take a new inventory of all tbt animiU
of each owner, and the number id the unwcanU
The Superintendent may aUo k .,, as
sistant a many a he may neel and ho ik
means of paying, to aj him in building frm-e.
encloaure. kc, protect ami n . train the rank.
Hut in no ca.e ., he incur a del beyond ih
mean in hi band to cancrl.
It ahall l. h hi duty to k.f,, fu ,ecUM
or bis receipt ami expenditure, ami eM ,t ik
same to the Director.
KI LE t I.-H .ha be the duly ,.f ,11 per k
lltlfl SlRaaa.a.l . I . AfSk,
lember, the number of his animal, ia the partm' 5
I V ' n lrn. without the kiw-
e.lge or the .erii.tem.em, turn adrift w.
pture nm. or more animal, he, oo r...t..
the Mine, ahall pay m, ,,r tmtM1
cent per week for each animal ihu. iu...l l.- l
into the pa.turr, ao Ion- .. ibr, rem.ia m .
"hi, i the peraon turning hi anon I. U-
to the pa.ture, baa no right by bae a r. a
in the Mine, hi animal., liiu turned adrift.""?
t: taken up ami nnN.wmled, in ea the
inc same u not paid aalmfctorily. .
lltl R Y III. If anv aw iter in IK. ,..iu, raff
animal into the same more than the rule
htm; or if any one eoorcaU ih. f
animal running in the pasture, ail du in4
Hrt faithfully 14 lb Jurintcmlnt, ad !
......or, oi me Mine to lb uprmiridrnl. at r
time of ilomjr it, reporting. .Ir l,.,.irlf , ,h
lr of the animal, iheir kiml n. maik. H '
hll aUo reimrt annually, in ib. ....k ..r a.
a a me
c )e; '
. If a
i t the
I I P
I les p
ii ia t
w I em