Newspaper Page Text
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of Victor Chancerel against some of. the
crew of H. B. M's ship Amphitrite, which
the Admiral and the ' Consul of France,
contrary to all right and reason, sought to
enforce against - this- Government, and that
this Resolution be printed.
Thus ends the matter of the 10th demand,
of the French Admiral, and Consul of Frances
The next ,' two .documents will speak for
themselves, and show that American vessels
were 'suffering serious loss," on account of
the Collector's being shut out of the Custom
House by the French roups. " " " ' '
Honolulu. IsleofOahu. Hawaiian Islands. )
August 27 1849. ' S
Tn PuiDirc li Ri.unp Van rvdlortnr'
;. Gen'l of Customs, Honolulu: . 1,1 informing you, Mr. the Consul, of these
; Sir We beg to inform you that we are) dispositions,. 1 ought to give you, here, the
desirous of entering, according to the re- assurance that the French Republic has no
quisitions of the laws of this Kingdom, the) view herto an occupation or a protector
ships Amazon," and "Mary & Adeline," a,e wfthe Hawaiian Archipelago but only
with their raraocs and f.,r this nnrnnsP havp t a complete reparation. I shall give the
endeavored, in vain, to wait on you with
their manifests, aJut find the Custom-house
closed and under military guard of French
Those vessels are now suffering serious
loss from this detention, and we beg'that
vr.11 will inform Imw nroH in these
circumstances, to accomplish the objects
those vessels, without at the same time in
fringing the laws of this Kingdom.
We remain your obedient servants,
(Signed,) S. H. WILLIAMS &. CO.
- - v Honolulu, Island of Oahu,
August -27, 184I. J
Gentlemen I have the honor to acknow
ledge the receipt of your letter of this day's
date, in which you inform me that you are
desirous of entering, according to the re
quisitions of the laws of this Kingdom, the
hips "Amazon" and "Mary &. Adeline" with
Iheir cargoes; that you hive endeavored,
vain, to wait upon me with their manifests,
but found the Custom-house closed and un
der guard of French soldiers. '
It affords me great satisfaction to notice
your willingness to comply with the laws of
this Kingdom, and your anxiety to accom
plish the objects of said vessels, without in
ii inning those laws.
The French soldiers under command of
Rear Admiral Legoarant de Tromelin have
'"taken possession of the Custom-house, and
my books, papers and blanks are locked up
"in that building, so that it is out of my pow er
to get at them; I am consequently unable to
attend to my official business, and am for the
present unable to advise what course you
may pursue w ith regard to discharging the
cargoes of the vessels consigned to you. I
will write you again early to-morrow, andi
will afford you every facility in my power. I
1 would most respectfully refer you toyouri
Consul for advice 111 this matter, and remain,
Gentlemen, your most obedient servant, .
(Signed,) CHAS. R. BISHOP.
To Messrs. S. H. Williams Sl Co.,
- Merchants, ..-
The following is the Proclamation posted
in Honolulu by the French Admiral, and
against which His Hawaiian Majesty Pro
tested. -To THE INHABITANTS OF '
. . HONOLULU. .
The conferences held on board the "Gas
sendi" with the view of arranging, in an
amicable manner, the differences between
France and the Hawaiian Islands, having
resulted in a resolution of the King in Coun
cil which the representatives of the French
Republic have deemed it their duty to reject.
In consequence of the system of procrasti
nations adopted by the advisers of King Ka
tnehameha, as also of their persist a nee in in
terpreting, unfairly, the Treaty of the 26th
March, 1816, the undersigned, Rear Admi
ral, ; Commander-in-Chief of the ' Naval
Forces k of France in the Pacific, has notifi
ed to the' Hawaiian Government, officially,
the. expiration of the said Treaty from the
present date". ""t. " .
- France and the Hawaiian Islands are re
spectively placed under the binding stipula
tions of the Treaty contracted on the 17th
July, 1839, between Captain Laplace and
King Kamehamcha III. '
, Considering that, in consequence ofthc
interpretation erroneously attached to the
Treaty of the 20th March, 1846, the Ha
waiian Government continues to impose upon
French commerce and upon French citizens
burthens and "disabilities which have been
vainly protested against, the undersigned will
confine himself for the proseut to the disarm
ing the fort of Honolulu and to the seizing
of the schooner the "Kamehameha," giving
up the other vessels provisionally seques
tered, to their respective owners, whom it
, . , , . , i .1
would be harsh to render responsible for the
errors 01 me rvinj; s auvisers
The undersigned furthermore holds the
Hawaiian government as responsible for all
vexations, acts of injustice or prejudice that
may be inflicted on French citizens or on
their property, and informs all French resi
dents who may wish to seek an asylum on
board the stearn corvette the "Gassendi,"
or the frigate "Poursuivante,", that they
will be-received and conveyed as they may
prefer to Tahiti or to the north-western coast
of America. ' " 4 - '
LEGOARANT DE TROMELIN,
On board the frigate 6f the French
Republic, the "Poursuivante,
3:th August, 1311.
The following interesting "correspondence
ought to have appeared in the pamphlet, but
it was sent in only at noon of the 8lh 'Sept.
and could not be printed but in the Appen
dix: ' ",.'"'"
Tb A4iairat, lo the Contul of Chile. .
Admiral's Fbigate-of the French ) -.
, RErtBLic, "La Poursuivante," ,
Honolulu, the 23d Aug. 1819. ) ...
Naval Station of the French Republic, in the
Mr. the Consul The Hawaiian Govern
ment, especially, in these latter times, viola
ted the Treaty concluded between France
nd the Sandwich Islands, '.on . the 26th of
March, 1816, in a manner which requires a
prompt and complete reparation, which divers
acts of which French citizens have been the'
victims render still indispensable. a 4
' I havertaken, in concert with Mr the Con
ul bf Ihe French Republic in the Sandwich
Islands, all ' the ; measarea-compatlbbrnwith
the dignity of France to obtain'jan amicable
arrangement 'but1 the obstinafcyof the:Ha-
waiian Government -appears ttf wish to torce
tne to make use of the, means at my -disposal
to oblige them to enter into the ways of
reason and justice. u "", v -
In this circumstance, and . agreeably to
the conclusions "of the 'ultimatum, sent in by
me, in concert with Mr. the Consul Dillon,
I have the honor of apprizing you that the
delay fixed for the Hawaiian Government to
make known their answer to me, will expire
00 the 2otlY of August current, Saturday, at
3 o'clock of,, the affvinoun, alter which de
lay, if the Government of: His Majesty King
Kamehaineha HI., does not give me a com
plete satisfaction, it will only remain for me
to reclaim, by force, what I have demanded,
at first, ,in the pacific way of correspon-
dence, and what I have notVieen able to ol-
1 . .1 1 .1 e e
jiam mrougn ine means 01 a conierciice,
which was relused to me. . ,
necessary orders in order that, in the case of
,,OM,",,es '""S , P""-:t ne" cummcrcc
and properties be respected, as ought to be
those of a friendly nation.
1 ,,ave ,he honor of inviting you to carry
j ,hcsc dispositions to the cognizance of your
compatriots, that they may take, from to-day,
of!lhe mMsuro necessary ft Vlace themselves
on their side, under cover (abri) from all
the hazards which may result from the oper
ations which I may be in the case of order
ing against Honolulu, ;
I pray you to be pleased to-- acknowledge
the receipt of the present notification.
Receive, Mr. the Consul, &c. &.c. .
. Tht Contul ofiliil , lo tlie Admiral
-j Consulate of Chile, - ,
' Honolulu, 21th August, 1319
Sir I have the honor to acknowledjje the
receipt of your despatch bearing date of yes-
injtcrday, in which you do me the honor to in-
form me that in case ihe Hawaiian Govern-
ment do not comply with the demands miidef!,",' a,,,,1 " """"iciei.t It would i,e an u
, , r.J , , - , ..... - ijust scandal to charge the Government with 111-
by you and Monsieur le Consul Dillon for Ju(Ter ; ,,,e fIialIer. And yet if would be
reparation prompt and complete for a viola- ,irajSt. undeserved, nay flattery, to admit that it
lion of the Treaty concluded between the has done all it ought, or all it might have done.
Government nf France and the Sandwich i On this, attention ought instantly to centre. And
Islands on the 2'ith March, ISiii, you will j scarcely anything could lie named that deserves
after three o'clock to-morrow afternoon, use
the force at your disposal to enforce that
which you have attempted in vain to obtain
by means of pacific correspondence, and
also by means of a conference which has
been refused you.
In consequence of your despatch I shall
hasten to inform Ihe citizens of the Chilean
Republic, resident on the Sandwich Islands,
j of your intention to respect the Chilean flag
j and property.
1 have the honor to remain, &c. Stc.
Honolulu, 2Sth' Aug. 1949.
Sir, We the undersigned, on belialrttf the
governments we have the honor to represent at
the Court of II. II. M. Kin:: Kamehameha, the
3rd, luving examined the rerl.imatioift made by Senor Garcia Ueyes for the letter organization
you and Monsieur le Consul Dillon, against the j and wider extension f the 'primary m:Iioo sys
Hawaiiau Government, and the replies d the j tern. The same gentleman called it up again
Hawaiian Cabinet to them, most respectfully
lake this early opportunity to state, that we view
with alarm the evil consequences lo the com
inercial interests of the citizens and subjects of!
our respective governments, arising from the
hostile position you have assumed 111 landing an
armed force and iu having taken possession of
the Fort, I be Custom House, and other Govern
ment Offices of Honolulu, ns well as all the Ha
waiian . trading vessels; thus putting an entire
stop to the transactions of business at this anil
other ports of these Llauds.
In view of these facts and the paramount for
eign interests over ihe Hawaiian thus effected,
we deem it our duty respectfully to communi
cate, to you, this our earnest remonstrance against
the proceedings above alluded to, ami we solicit
your consideration to the very serious barrier
you have placed in ihe way of our respective
countrymen, from follow ing their usual coiumer
cial avocations, and trust that you may find the
means of obtaining justice lor r rench citizens, 111
some measure less disastrous to foreign interests
here, than the one you have pursued.
We take this . opportunity of expressing the
sentiments of the very high consideration with
which we have the honor to remain, &c. Sec.
(Signed,) LOUIS H. ANTIION,
Koval Danish Consul.
" , ItOBT. C. JANION,
Act'g. Consul for Chile.
" : J. F. B. MARSHALL,
Consul of Peru.
To Rear Admiral Legoarant de Tromelik,
Commander-in-Chief of the Naval Forces of the
French Republic, in the Pacific.
Steam Corvette of the French Republic 1
the "Gassendi" at Honolulu, the
28th Aug. 1849, nt 2, r. m. )
Naval Station of the French Republic, in the
Pacific Ocean. '
Messrs. the Consuls, It is with surpriseat
I have reail the collective note, with which you
have honored me this day, and in which you ap-
1 . e .u.. ... ...i.:..k W. :..
T Oi YCK IIJC 01 IIIC uuiiiriinnrMlM-Mia 1111111 iiavc imji
e ..,.. ,u ,',
of whose interests here, you are charged to
guard. Not only, I have not caused to lie arrested
any but Hawaiian vessels, but even in the fore
sight that the commercial operations of foreign
ers might lie arrested, I have notified, since Sun
day the 26th, current, to Mr. the Minister of
Foreign Relations of the Hawaiian Government,
that the Custom House might be opened without
difficulty from yledy f!Kcwinr,Monly, and
that ingress and egress might take place there,
as usual. '.
1 said, Itesides, to Mr. Wyllie, that the mer
chandize embarked in vessels arrested by my
orders, might lie landed without opposition,
under the presentation, to the Captain of the
Gassendi, of a certificate of property, emanating
fm Dirwtfir i,f r?iisfi,iti3. find mimed bv thp
Minister of Foreign Relations. This measure
was necessary to prevent individuals from coming
to claim of us, merchandize which did not belong
I cannot be responsible for the non-opening of
. ... l . CT .
the Custom House, where I had duly placed
" faetionnaires," sentries, to protect it. - Never
theless, to remove, on my side, any pretext, to
the susjtension of oteralions, I have caused to
be removed the sentries apjtointed for the guard
of the edifices ; and I notify you, here, that I
cease to lie responsible for Ihe damages and dis
orders of which they may be ihe t heat sc.
In 'regard to the occupation nf tbFort, it
cannot, in anv way, hinder mercantile operations.
Receive, Messrs. the Consuls, the new assur
ance of my very distinguished consideration.
The Rear Admiral, Commander-in-Chief of
' the Naval Forces of the French Republic, in
" the Pacific Ocean. ; i .
- ' (Signed) ' ' -
- LEGOARANT DE TROMELIN.
- To Messrs. the Consuls of Denmark, of Chile,
and of Peru. , ..:":. .!
OCT Good mortar made of pure, well-burnt
lime-stone, properly made up with sharp clean
sand, free from any sort of earth, loam or mud,
will in time, actually petrify, and turn to the
consistence of a atone. It' is better to put too
much sand into, your mortar than too 1 little.". If
it were all lime, it would have little more strength
THE POL YXESIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER' 15,
TH E POL YN ESI A N.
HONOLULU, SATURDAY, SEPT. 15.
'One of (he most difficult things 10 1 accom
plished in n nation is the education of the mnss
es. And at the same time it' is one of the most
important.' In a popular government it falls short
nf the truth to say important, for it is imperiously
necessary iaml indispensable. Serfdom may be
maintained in ignorance; but liberty must rest
upon enlightenment. . v .
Here is the problem to le solved for . South
America. This is the arduous task w hich must
be erformeil for these republics.
Public and authentic utatistica are not to be
obtained on the subject; but the fact is apparent,
nevertheless, that the majority of the inhabitants
of the country have not the small advantage nf
knowing how to read ami write. We have said
it majority for- the piirjKtse of sjieaking entirely
within hounds; but that majority' is extreme
ly large. Perhaps no other Spanish American
state is (tetter ofT; yet that should only bean in
centive to set them the needed example of a bet
ter policy. Sit far as our personal investigation
has extended, the facts discovered have Itcen
truly depressing. In this city ' it is probable
taking all the inhabitants high and low, that not
one half enjoy at this moment the' lieiietits of the
simplest primary instruction. And in the pro
vinces at the North the proportion will Itear no
comparison with even that. At the South the
state'of the case is worse still
Here then is the difficulty. This weight of 1
untaught multitudes lies iimii the republic, like
mount Etna in the fable pressing upon the breast
or the giants. 1 teretuate and perlect tne offences, and intimating to her further the me
republic these multitudes must le improved. nance of the last act of ecclesiastical censure,
And how is it to be accomplished? Or by w hom? excommunication, should she not renounce her
The ignorant cannot instruct themselves. That connection with her husltand if these be tup-
is clear of itself. Others, therefore, are to do it
for them, or else it will lie never done.' Where
then are .the persons and where the means?
As the tendency of things here is to look to the
Government 10 effect most measures of utility,
let our first glance be thither. Upon a judicious
administration it is incumbent to provide all its
(Mipulalion with the luteins of primary education
at the least. In this direction a begiuing has been
"!:'le ireiMiy; but hitherto it is a mere begin-
," OBVe ,he prelTeiice, m the iiestowmcnt citner
of care or of funds. During the last session of
Congress it was proposed that $70,000 should be
set apart for repairing the frigate Chile. Let
that sum lie employed in establishing good com
mon schools, with suitable masters, in the darker
sections of the land, and it wpuld effect a result
more beneficial than aught which could be
brought about by half a score of the choicest
frigates that ever floated. What has been done,
therefore, should not be lightly esteemed: But
now let the work be seized upon in the magnitude
of its importance, and curried into a commensu
rate effect. ...
Schools or the State. In connection with
some remarks made above on the subject of
Popular Education, it is gratifying to notice,
that among the earliest subjects brought before
! Congress was the proposition made last year by
and urged that action could not be taken too
thorough in its nature, nor with loo much alacrity
tie pleads that there should not lie delay in order
to establish the system of common schools in the
liest manner conceivable, but in the Itest at pre
sent possible. This is the true method. Then
let improvements be introduced as they shall ap
pear desirable and feasible.
The above is from the Valparaiso Neighbor,
and exhibits the fact that there is at least one
meinlterof the Chilean Congress who understands
the duly of legislating for the true dignity and
good of the nation. And w e cannot but con
mend the editor of the Neighbor, who Feems to
possess, also, those true notions, in regard to
what is Itest adopted to elevate the people among
w horn his labors are exerting a good and iucreas-
,ng influence.' , . ,
j Ignorance is the parent of crime, and misery.
Poverty,, pauperism and mendicity follow close
in the wake of ignorance; and we can conceive
of no greater disqualification, at the present day,
for a legislator, or a ruler of any people, than a
feeling of opposition, or even indifference lo Ihe
subject of primary education for every indivi
dual in the nation. The school system of these
islands, imperfect 11s it is, is its greatest glory;
and we most earnestly commend it to the atten
tion and fostering care of the government. We
trust the Minister of Public Instruction, assisted
by all friends of the nation, w ill make it a study
to try and remedy the defects that exist, and to
increase its efficiency ten-fold if possible.
Cannot manual labor lie introduced, ns a part
of the system, and thus diminish theexpense to
government? If no reduction of expense can be
thus effected, a great gain would result to indi
viduals, and through them to the nation, by the
formation of industrious habits; and the pro
ceeds would be a compensation and stimulus to
exertion. . , - .
In California also, th? true spirit is manifest
ing itself on this subject. - In the address of the
newly elected Alcalde for San Francisco, who is
virtually Mayor, to the town council, we find the
following excellent recommendation. ' '
The laws under which we act, oblige each
officer without regard to his station, tn advance
with his utmost zeal, the Cause of education: 1
therefore strongly urge upon you the propriety
of adopting measures by w hich the children of
the high the low the rich and Ihe poor of this
district, can have equal advantages nf drinking
Ireely at the lountaiu ol primary knowledge; and
it is to be hoped that our territory, which is ere
long to be erected into a state, and placed by the
de of her elder sisters of the Union, will show
to them that she fully appreciates-education as
the only safeguard ot our republican institutions,
that the liberties of the people are based upon
! 'heir intelligence and that in this respect, as well
t 11 ...1 r v r. . : .. n .
as 111 nil outer, Vfiiimi iiici 01 present nerseit IO
the world, a Model Republic, without spot or
blemish. ' s
Success to all educational measures! Common
schools, Academies, Colleges and Seminaries are
destined to be the glory of christian nations, and
the guarantee of civil and religious liberty.
Diplomatic Squall. We learn by the
Neighbor, of the 29th of June, that the Amer
ican Envoy had asked for his passports, and lhat
there was a probability of serious consequences
resulting from the present position of affairs be
tween the United States and Chile.
; ( The President of Chile thus expresses himself
in his message to Congress on the subject : ,
"The discussion upon. claims pending, be
tween this government and that of the United
States,' was at the latest accounts approaching a
definitive conclusion. But it causes me regret to
inform you; that between the Ministry of F oreign
Relations and the American Legation, 4here has
not existed the. harjnony which was to bedesired,
and which it has been the ..effort -of .this govern
Ui.enlto maintain.'.. J"be governnient - has the
conviction of having gone as fur as the honor of
the nation ami its own credit permitted it to go.
Notwithstanding, the American Envoy asked bis
passports in view of certain supposed grievances,
which he has laid to the charge of the govern
ment of Chile, and of the very Reverend Arch
bishop of Santiago, in various occurrences con
nected with his marriage with a Chilean lady.
The. Ministry of Foreign Relations will make
you a detailed exposition of the facts in the case.
On wkich the editor ot the Neighbor thus com
ments : . . - - - -
These remarks are deserving of serious atten
tion. Thry exhibit the difficult position in which
I he Government was placed in the occurrence
referred to. We do not think the fault lay with
the Executive or w ith the cabinet. The Cronica,
in an able and lar?e minded article on the same
subject, thinks the very Keverened Archbishop of
Santiago should also be exonerated from our
mild censure in the matter. This, however, is
much more iltnibtlul. -
Why could not his Grace grant a dispensation
in the case in hand ? Hasthe thing never been
done in this country? Have not men of less
elevated station, on the exaction from them of an
ecclesiastical fine lo the amount of a few hundred
dollars, been -allowed the dispensation' which
was denied to the honorable Charge des Affairs
of the United Slates of North America.' Desir
ous as we are to be Literal, we cannot. exculpate
' 'As for certain supposed grievances," which
the President speaks of wiih such notable naivete,
the question must force itself on many n mind, if
these be supposed, what then are real grievances.'
If lo address the wife of a Foreign Minister in a
letter, charging upon her the repeated commis
sion of one of the most disgraceful and sinful of
nosed grievances, then real grievances are not to
lie found in all the conduct of man towards man
The terms of the message are sn prising. The
supineness of every press 011 the subject, save
one, up to the present hour is more so; and it is
unaccountable, except on the supposition that
there is some shape of fear w hich causes the
repression of unfavorable comments. The
Cronica alone has dared to raise its voice in cen
sure. The rest sleep on their posts or else are
afraid to speak.
The Cronica exonerates the Archbishop, and
the Neighbor the Executive and the Cabinet.
On whom, then, rests the responsibility ? and
on whom shall war be declared in the event of
such a misfortune? It seems that the laws are
at fault, and are extremely restrictive, in their
oteration. The Chronica closes a long and
stringent artiele on the subject as follows:
To us ihe present state of the case appears not
unlike that of the Greek Empire of the East in
the time of the Crusades, filled with rhetoric,
sophisms, superstitions, and a sovereign con
tempt for those western barbarians, those Latins
who were arriving on the way to Palestine, with
their armor, ships and barbarian arrogance. To
such an extent did they incommode those bar
barians, that one day they set themselves to roll
the pedantic empire over, which fancied it had
the right to set at naught all the sentiments of
the rest of the human race. To-day California
stands in the place of Palestine, the land of the
crusades in that epoch: in place of ihe Franks
we have the North Americans; and in place of
Constautimqile, Valparaiso, and five hundred
leagues of coast. Anil if, w hile the authorities
are vexing a North American Envoy, for having
committed the sin of marrying with a catholic, a
single steamer despatched by some Hotspur bat
ters down for us some day half a city, to whom
then shall we appeal? Tn the world, to Eu
rope? The world keeps itself right clear of
engaging in pastimes with the United States.
To our own proper strength? AgaiiQ violence 1
and injustice, on the part of the Vankees, there
is no appeal 00 earth.
Let lis reform, then, our colonial laws which,
appropriating an net of injustice to a sacred use,
give rise to these clashing disagreements.
The advice in the last paragraph is well worth
attending to, and if followed, w ill prevent much
evil in future. How the matter will end remains
to lie seen.
Departure or the Special Commissioner
ano Plenipotentiary. His Excellency, G. P.
Judd, Esq., Sjtecial Commissioner and Pleniito-
temiary r.xtraonimary, to the governments or
France, Great Britain and the United States,
took his departure for San Francisco, in the
schooner Honolulu, on the 11th inst. His Ex-
ceuency was accompanied ny rrmce Alexander
iiiiuiuio, me neir appparem, ami ny ins nrotner,
Lot Kamehameha young gentlemen in whom
the hopes of the nation and ihe affections of the
chiefs centre in a very great degree.
If it lie a consolatory ami cheering thought to
the members of the embassy to know that they
carry with them the sympathy and the best wishes
of the entire community, native and foreign,
then will they go with a light heart, and be sus
tained by the assurance that such is, emphati
cally, the case. We have never seen, at the
Hawaiian islands, such a demonstration of in
terest, and such a spontaneous manifestation of
sympathy, as was exhibited on the occasion of
the embarkation of the embassy, on Tuesday
His Majesty, attended by the Queen and Pre
mier, and all the Chiefs and Members of the
Privy Council, accompanied them to the ship ;
and a vast crowd of foreign residents and natives
crowded the vessel and the docks,-to take a
parting look, and to bestow a parting blessing
upon those who were going. The ship Amazon,
lying adjacent to the Honolulu, manned her
yards and gnve three hearty cheers as she moved
from her berth ; while the immense swarms thnt
filled the shipping and wharves, made the welkin
ring with their loud and hearty cheers. And as
she passed out among the shipping, the cheering
was taken up by one vessel after another, till she
had passed-the whole fleet..
As , all this was entirely unpremeditated, and
unexpected, it shows most conclusively with what
feelings the late transactions of the French, and
the object of the embassy to Europe and the
United States,' are regarded here, by all parties.
And it augurs well for the independence of the
islands, that such an attempt to interfere with
tne internal administration of this kingdom, by
a foreign power, has met with such a stern re
buke from the public, whose business and
interests were jeopardized by the doings of the
French.' , k i
In recording the wish that success may attend
the embassy, and that its members may speedily
return, we but echo the sentiment of thousands,
as expressed personally on the day of em-
barkation. ' ' . - " -
.-,. , -
CO" Allusion is made in the ultimatum of Ad
miral De Tromelin to the necessity ot immediate
action -on the subject of the demands he bad to
make, and the same necessity for speedy action
is inferred from the Proclamation," printed at the
Catholic Mission ' Press, and posted by the Ad
miral about the town of Honolulu on the 50th
ulLj Our readers will be able to form an opinion
in regard to tfiej absolute t necessity, of speedy
-.-- . f ' - ... ,
action, and whether the interests of French com
merce required such pressing haste, after reading
th i-nminiinirniion of it corresDondent on the
subject of the amount of such interest at these
islands.. On such subjects. set are infinitely
more to be relied upon than mere assertion ; and
to any one conversant with the. islands, it is well
known thit there has not leen, for a long period,
a vessel here under the French flag, except the
two" men "of war, and that one of the latest of
the French schooners that touched here on her
voyage from Tahiti to California, left a solemn
Protest against the action of the French Consul,
which was published in the Polynesian last April.
'It is due to the Hawniian government, that it
have the benefit of facts of this nature, in order
that they 'may be employed us tests in arriving at
conclusions in other matters."
CO" We learn from the Friend that H. B.
M'sS. Herald, hence May 19tb, was feen July
1 -2th, entering Bliering's Strait, under full sail.
. From the same source we also learn that Ihe
w hnle ship Gem, of Sag Harbor, was wrecked,
in January last, on Suwarrow's islands, which
are a number of sand bank surrounded by a large
reef, about 500 miles to the N. E. of the Navi
" It seems that the reef was not laid down cor
rectly on the chart, and the captain not being
aware of this, but supposing he had passed it,
was going on, no one thinking of danger, when
the ship struck the reef about half past 10 at
night. Altout a week after, the mate and a num
ber of the crew reached this in a boat. A small
vessel was sent to endeavour to save the rest, but
they could not find the Island. Capt. Worth;
however, and those with him, managed to repair
their boats. After being "21 days on one of the
sand banks, they left, and got here six days since.
All hands were raved."
Fir ihr PohHcdnn.
WRONG INTERPRETATION OF THE
Mr. Editor, In reading, the public docu
ments in your paper of last week, ' I was not a
little puzzled to understand what was meant by
"a wrong interpretation" of the Treaty with
France. This, it seems, is the vital point in the
great wrong done to France. Here is the great,
the heinous sin of the Hawaiian Government,
for which she has called down the vengeance of
the French Admiral, not to say of the French
Republic. It is, therefore, of the utmost imjtor-
1 a a . a
tance to understand wnat is meant ny "wrong
Is it meant that the Treaty is not interpreted
by this government according lo its teller? This,
I suppose, will not be pretended. The language
I is remarkably plain and definite, and fads a bund
antlv prove, that this government have kept
w ithin the letter of the Treaty in affixing "the
Does " wrong interpretation" mean, then,
that the Treaty has not been interpreted accord
ing to its design or spirit ? What is the design
or spirit of the Treaty? Why were ardent spir
its excepted from other merchandize? Why
was this government allowed to place a high duty
on spirits, if that duty w as not so high ns to pro
hibit them' entirely, absolutely ? The design,
most manifestly was, that the quantity introduced
might be limited. The exception was intro
duced from philanthropic considerations, that
this governnient might le nLle to diminish an ac
.Supposing, then, that this government had
reasoned thus, "the simple design of this excep
tion in the Treaty is, that we may raise a large
revenue from spirits ; and thus interpreting the
Treaty, th'-y had placed a moderate duty (say
50 or 80 per cent.) on spirituous liquors, and en
couraged eh introduction for the purpose of
: realizing a large revenue from the largeness of
Uhe quantity intradural. This would have been
lrue political economy, if money only was ihe
object to be gained. I say, if this government
had pursued this course, could not the other par-
1 ties to this
Treaty very justly have said. " vou
- - j
have misinterpreted the design or spirit of this
Treaty. Our commerce, especially our w haling
interests, are deeply injured by the great amount
ami cheapness of ardent spirits at all the Ha
waiian jtorts, to say nothing of their debasing in
fluence upon the native population. The duly
must lie greatly rnised, so as to limit the amount,
nnd ihus diminish the evil to our shipping. You
have, from love of gain, misinterpreted the spirit
of the Treaty, and we shall hold you responsible
for its violation." la such a case, if France or
England had taken this ground, would not the
conscience and the common sense of the world
have been on their side? This would indeed
have been a violation of the Trenty, not of its
letter, but of its obvious design or spirit. Rut it
is not pretended that this government hushus
misinterpreted the spirit of the Treaty. Can
you tell me, then, Mr. Editor, in what way she
has misinterpreted it? Is it by making the duty
too prohibitory ? Is it clear, from the reports of
the custom house, that the spirituous liquors in
troduced under the present duty are not enough
iforthe public good, and therefore the govern
ment nas misinterpreted ib Treaty by making
the duty too high?
Can you remove my perf lexitiea on Ibis sub
ject, Mr. Editor, and thus enlighten
CO" In answer to the reasonable queries of
:our correspondent, we are obliged'to confess that
we can throw no light w hatever upon the sub
ject ; that is to say, we can render him no assist,
a nee in his attempt to discover wherein the gov
ernment has misinterpreted the French Treaty.
That it is not in its letter, is quite apparent lo
any man of common sense. That it is not in its
spirit, is equally apparent from the admission of
M. Dillon himself, as will be seen on page 165
of the pamphlet containing the correspondence
on the subject, which is as followe : " Mr.
Dillon admits that the object AVthe governments
of France and Great Britain in consenting to the
increase of duties on wines and brandies was a
philanthropic regard to the moral vishes of this
government."-! The moral wishes of this govern
ment are, and have ever been, to restrict, diminish,
prohibit spirituous liquors from being introduced
here at all ; because, from first to bast, from be
gipning to end, the traffic i 1 and consumption
of, spirituous liquors, is demoralizing and a
curse toiankind. And it follows as a necessary
consequence, that the government' would, in con
formity jo the letter and acknowledged spirit of
while it did not prohibit, the importation. 5
doubtless, has been the effect of the duty of
dollars gallon, at m evident from official ,1
tails, already before the public It is not 11
certain thai $10 per gallon would not be fa
public good, and still leave the .Treat u.
We are constrained, therefore, to My to
eorrvspoiMlent, and to all our readers,Ho
friends and to the enemies or the HawananGw.
eminent, that to discover, wherein the Frt
Treaty has been either violated or mUiatrp,.
ed, the idealized couplet of the poet will
to become a reality. "
"Of optica $harp it need 1 weo,
To what i t sera."
Fi '! r-lyn'.
Mr. Editor: In all the published dorum
(preceding the recent hostilities coiriiurix-H
the French Admiral and Conul,) I baet
nothing calculated to give people abroad a trj,
idea of the magnitude of French interests, u4
interests of French citizens residing here. .,
these should lie known to enable the wwU
form a correct judgment of the transactions B4
have recently taken place, I have thought
might not be improper to. give the follow!
The whole number of Frenchmen not .
eluding the French priests) residing n the I.
lands, is txeelvet Of these, one is a merchant,
and probably transacts about lb one thousmitk
part of the commercial business of the lIand;ear
is a hotel keeper, and has about tba same pro.
portion in that line of business. The remain
(with the exception of one clerk) are in the em
ploy of Englishmen and Americans.
At least ninety-nine-one-hundredths of the spir
ituous liquors imported into the country, !um
been imported by English and Americas nitr
chants; and Englishmen and Americans hat
consumed tbem, ami of course paid the daty.
There has never been but awe cargo f gout
imported into this country from France; ami
there has not been, for the bsi five years, t
r rench merchant ship at these Islands. A few
French schooners, Sec., have been here, but they
have Iteen mostly freighted by EnglWh aaj
American merchants. '
From 150 to 300 American whaleshipa tourb
annually at these Islands, and from five tonii
French whalers. The masters of Americas
whaleshijs have directly ami indirerily, expen
sed their gratitude to this government for allow
ing them TO lanJ ?200 worth of goods free f
There are more Chinese than Frenchmen
these Islands, and they do at least six times tt
amount of business, yet we do not hear then
complain that their interests are not cared for.t
because they have to transact business with ih-i
custom-house and government offices in the com
mercial language of the country although tbH
are treated on precisely the - same footing tm
Frenchmen as are aUo Englishmen and Amer
icans. Neither the Danish or Chilean gentle
men residing here and doing business, complain,
because their resteetive - languages are dm
allowed in the various departments of govern
ment. - . -, , , : ,.
I have seen . little boys thoughtlessly disturii
the whole congregation in one of ihe Protestin;
churches of this town, but I have yet to hear of ir
American Consul or an American Commissiootr
making it a subject of official correspondence
or making it a pretext for taking possessnin
the town, although something similar is one i
the reasons why the French Admiral took
esioii of the Fort, government offices, &r. I
have also seen a drunken sailor stagger intaib
vestry room of the Seaman' Bethel, ami mattr
a great noise, and use profane language, probi
My "to the great scandal of the faithful,"' but
have not seen, or heard of any diplomatic cor-l
restondence estdiiug from the same..
The French Consul, I sujpoe, acts npn nrj
principle, w here, they lack real interest, of imi-I
ing a great noise about the little they have.
Yours, kc. ' . - - ' -
Itf 01 her tttrrxtmm ihrnr I
American aM Enilubaica.
i abnal CoO, all told, mt
t There r 2U aitirr in lloaolulu. ami Id om to oikct
For lh Pi 1 nrtiaa.
-. .. Sept. 6th, 194?.
Mr. Editor. It may not lie uninteresting,
this time, to know what response has been mi4
to the appeal which appeared in your papr
some time ince, in behalf of the French .1
gclical Protestant Missionary Society, bavin; 4
head quarters at Paris.
Several stations, upon the island, ba
yet been heard from. The following sums b'
been paid into the hand of the subscriber, viz
1st Church of Honolulu ain't of
2nd do. do., do.
Native Church, Hana,amt of m.c't
Do. do., Manoa, do.
Do. do., Iwihaina, do.
Do. do., Ewa and Waianae,do,
Do. do., Waialua, do.
Do. do., Kailua, do.
Do. do.t Molokai. '
Do. do., Waianae, do.
Monthly concert, missionaries and
foreigners, at Honolulu
Capt. Loughinan,of the B. I. Army
A. S. Cook
E. II. Rogers
B. W. Parker'
Henry Hill, Esq., of Boston, Msssacbu!
Treasurer of the AB. C. F. M., has be"
quested (per ship Montreal, July 7.) tor.'
the Treasurer of the Fr. Pro. Mis.
Paris $200. Tbe'ballance on hand, i 1
further sums which mar be received f
nurnoa will tv miu'iiiI l .nnr
, - - . w iviiiii -.., ,11 nit hi -i
the account is closed. ' '
',' Your friend and sent.
t -.- . . ,N CASTt
, . , . . . .1
IC7. It thus appear that while the Vrtnct
miral is destroying the property of
waiian nation, at that very moment the H,'
Proteitsnt churches areiespondinf tosn'Pr