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Leasts and reptiles. I each of his ears were
two brass bed curtain rings, his trousers oiu
below his knees, and ne
UOl ICl,u .
pair of large Wellington boots. His legs,
and boots appeared like two mahogany posts
in a pair of leathern buckets. He played
with and teased the most savage of the beasts
and reotiles with the most daring intrepidity;
inarv ncrlui iikuiccs of
this youthlul charmer were with the venom
ous serpents, at the request of the Admiralty
agent; and for the trifling backsheesh of a
silver sixpence, for which lie made a pro
found and slave like salaam, he exhibited his
power over the serpent tribe to the writer of
this notice when he went on board the Itipon
m Southampton Docks.
- He took out the cobra capcllcs from a box
fondled -with them, kissed their heads and
mouths, held them in his mouth, irritated
them apparently to madness by scratching
them on the back, and even sufiercd them to
bite him without experiencing any apparent
injury. It was a singular sight to see one of
these serpents irritated, standing firmly on a
small portion of his taij, wLile the body was
forming graceful curves, and it war. prepar
ing to spring upon the body with its mouth
open and its fangs quivering. ,
The greatest curiosity, however, brought
by the Uipon was the Hippopotamus. The
one brought home in the liipon is a male
specimen, in good health, about ten months
old,' and o0!) L. weight. It fed on milk and
rice, about S'Tpints daily of the former and,
the latter was consumed both boiled and raw.
AjminbcTof cows and goats were kept on
board the Ripon to supply milk.
CTJWe publisli.'by request, the following
obituary of Mr. L. Toibcrt, father of L. L. j
Torbcrt, of Maui. Truly, "the memory of
the just is blessed."
Died, at his residence in Lower Makefield,
Ducks county, Pennsylvania, on 23d ult.,Mr.
Lamb Torbert, in the eighty-first year of
his- age having been born May 9lh, 1769.
Foiv several weeks, Mr. Toibcrt, at times,
endured excruciating pains, from an attack
of.erysipelas, and which,' notwithstanding bis
almost iron constitution, ended in mortiiica
I ion -and death. In the departure of this good
man, the promise of Ehhu of old has been
strikingly verified; and he bus "come to his
grave in ftjll age, like as . a shock of corn
cometh in hisscnn." It is not too much to
say- of this go5 man, that he was one in
whose character the most admirable qualities
were largely and happily blended. Possess-
ed -of-remarkable vigor and firmness, his
opinions were at once clcar.firm and unyield
ing; while his Christian principles and grace
gave -a sweetness and charm to Bis life, that
kept him from sourness or bigotry, and made
him' thefricnd and favorite of the sincere,
the-honest, and the good. No man had a
higher character in this community for cheer
ful,solid piety, for honesty, industry, and
Christian benevoTence, than the subject of
this notice. Throughout his long life, his
thoughts and affections were " on things
above, ; not on things on the earth" and
hence the purity and simplicity of his char
acter the high estimation in which he was
held by neigborj and friends, and his fellow-Christians
of all denominations. -The
secret of all this was, undoubtedly, in the
nature and power of his early religion which
he chose for his portion in the morning of
his life when only eighteen j ears of age.
And for sixty-two years as a member,' and
for forty years as a ruling elder, in the New
ton Presbyterian Church, his walk and con
versation have been as becometh the gospel
of that Saviour, in whose atoning blood, and
through the regeneration and sanctificatim
of whose Spirit he trusted alone for eternal
life."' The Scotch-Imb. , family, from which
Mr.' Torbcrt was descended, has been iden
tified with the church of their choice in this
place, for more than a hundred years. In
losing him, this church losses one of its most
valuable and honored members. Seldom
wa3 he absent from the sanctuary seldom
was he wanting in any of those Christian vir
tues and graces that characterize the true
Christian. Mr. Torbert .was not only a
Christian but a'patriot. - He loved his coun
try, as every good man will. "He had wit
nessed her struggles for liberty in Revolu
tionary days when this region was the are
na of many, eventful scenes. He prayed for
her prosperity, a.nd he lived to see his native
land "re at and illustrious among the nations
of the earth. But h'i3 long life has closed,
and we stand a moment over his grave, to
ponder upon his virtues, in the hope that we
too, may "die tbedeath of the righteous, and
that our last end may be like his." Though
racked and tortured with pain, no murmur
escaped htm. T AI1 was submission. And
truly of him it maybe said, that a voice from
heaven has authorized us to write, "Blessed
are "the dead which dio in the Lord from
henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, that they
may rest from their labors; and their works
do follow thcra.
Work if You Would Rise. Richard
15uke being found in revcry, shortly after an
extraordinary display" of powers in the House
of Commons by his brother Edmund,
and questioned by Mr. Malonc as to
the -cause, replied, " I have been won
dering how Ned hascoutiived to monopolize
aiyhe talents of the family, but then, again,
I remember, when wc were at play, he was at
wayt at irort." The force of this anecdote
is increased by tho fact that Richard Burke
was considered not inferior, in natural tal
ents, to his brother. Yet the one rose to
greatness, while the other died comparative
ly obscure. Don't trust to your genius,
man, if you would rise ; but work ! work !
Id The fountain of content must spring
up in the mind; and he who has so little
knowledge of human nature, as to seek hap
piness by changing anything but his own dis
position, will waste his life in fruitless efforts,
and multiply the griefs which he purposes to
Gravity vs. r ollv. It was a savin" of
i aicy mat ne wno is not a tool half of the
f jinc, is a fool al! the time. Robert Hall who
lit Id a similar opinion, on being reproached
by a vcry'dull preacher, with the exclama
tion "How can a man who preaches like
you, talk in so trifling a manner?". replied
"There, brother, is the difference between
us,' you talk,, your nonsense in the pulpit I
talk mine out of it." The eminent Dr. South
being in the midst of a frolic on one occa
sion, nnd seeing a dignified acquaintance ap
proaching, exclaimed" Stop ! we must be
grave, jiow; there i a fool coming!"-'
HONOLULU, SEPTEMBER 21, 1850.
Lumber Tbideof Hosoi.ci r. The increas
ed importations of lumber into this; port during"
the past few month?, caused chiefly by the great
overstock of luin!er in California, has supplied
one of the chief element of the prosperity and
enterprise so evident in our city. J he impetus
w hich has been iv-n will not be readily chocked.
The demand for lumber is constantly increasing,
Hiid it will continue to increase steadily in propor
tion to the immigration of foreigners into the
Kingdom. Nor will this increase in the demand
for lumber be confined wholly " tbe capital, or
the. foreign population. As the natives begin to
be convinced of the economy of constructing
wooden houses in place of thatched huts, and
learn from experience that a frame house which
costs $600 and lasts from 25 to 30 years,is cheep
er in the end, than a thatched hut which costs
only half that sum, and serves them but 8 or 10
years, requiring to be renewed ns often, they w ill
endeavor to raise the means to procure the frame
house. This has nlrcndy caused a demand, and
natives are constructing these improved tene
incnts in various sections of our city.
The Collector of this port has favored us with
the following memorandum of Lumber imported
during the first six months of the current year.
We should judge that at least one half of this
lumber has been consumed in this city, ami the
remaining halt has been taken to the different
ports of this Kingdom, and there are very few
towns of importance which have not received a
benefit from the lumber importation. Little, if
any of it has been or will be exported from the
The imports ince the Jst of July have been
very large, and though not in all cases paying a
remunerating price to the importer, yet the bulk
has brought a fair price. We have no statis
ts showing the amount of lumber imported in
previous years, except for 1843, which is stated
in Mr. Wyllie's notes to be 230,000 feet, which
probably includes every description of Lumber,
except plank, which is stated to be 11,876 ft.
I'hc amount of shingles imported in that year
was 307,500. Estimating the importations in the
following list in the same 'manner, the amount
will be seen to be about 1,700,000 feet for six
months. . "
Yet notwithstanding ' this large importation,
and the numerous buildings that have been con
structed during the past season, we have no hes-
itency in saying that the want of tenements will
be as greatly felt during the coming winter sea
son ns it was during the Inst. ; The numbers w ho
propose visiting the Islands from California dur
ing the unhealthy season there, will, if we are
rightly informed, far exceed those who spent the
last winter here.
Of Houses and Lumber imported at Honolulu
from January 1st, to June 30th, 1830 inclu
' sive ; - .'' '
Boards ' ..
Plank ' ' -
112,392 " ; .
Joist ' .' "
Boards, Plank,. Joist, Scantling
and Titn!er (mix'd) ,
843 14-20 M
Laths - -'..v' .
Palings and Battens
Houses completed (or nearly so)
House Frames (some partly finished) 120
Total value as per. Invoices $66,903.
N. B. The Houses and Frames were mostly
From China and the British Colonies originally,
and were mostly small, and of inferior quality
many of them being 12 x 12 and 12 x 24 ft.,
one story.; CHA5. K. lilSllUr.
Custom House Honolulu, Sept. 10, 1850.
Cy Our readers will perhaps be interested by
the perusal of the following extracts of a letter,
dated Rochester, July 9th, which we are per
mitted to publish. Those who have ever visit
ed Rochester0 may think with us that they are
loo short, and would no doubt enjoy a more ex
tended sketch of that city. It is now only 39
years since the first house was erected in Roch
ester, but its increase, like that of many other of
the large cities in the U. States, is owing mainly
to foreign immigration.
"Rochester is a large city. The census is
now taking, and will probably not fall short of
40,000. The city is closely built in solid blocks
from Clinton St. to BufTato St. Canal bridge.and
on the West 6ide from Court St. Bridge to Fisdi
St. And the compact mass of dwellings extends
more than a mile from the centre in evWy direc
tion. It has at least doubled, in size since I
came here. Two thirds of the buildings are new
since 1840. A splendid Court House and Citv
i Hall is now building. The Canal. Railroad.
nnd three Telegraph Lines convey their burdens
through our streets. There are probably S5
places of worship. Th rc is much wealth, and
gaycty, far more than 10 years since."
"There is here one of the most splendid public
Halls in the U. S., the Corinthian Hall, capable
of seating 2300 persons, and this without gal
leries. 1 attended the Concert of the Ccrmanian
Society there last night, the most wonderful in
strumental performance I ever witnessed."
"Wchave had the last of St ran berries this year.
tytierncs and raspberries are now the rage. In
the country the new mown hay is perfuming the
air. It is delightful as I go out on the Canal in
the-morning, to see the smooth and beautiful
fields in Brighton, the nurseries and gardens; the
canal busy w u h I oats the packet-boats loaded
vviih passengers, the omnibuses on the plank
roan. And suddenly the furious fire-steed shriek
Headlong past vvith its endless train, while the
web-like wires quiver and ring in the maddened
air ns he thunders on. But you have never seen
xnese triumphs ol human art, while achieving n
greater triumph over .human hearts. I picked
up a fragment of paper printed by Telegraph.at
the rate of 100 letters a minute, which I enclose
for your etfcficntion." By the way, there is
now a very fair prospect that the problem of
encl navigation will be successfully solved this
year. Models or halloas propelled and steered
have worked admirably, and the large machines
aro in progress of construction. I should not be
at all surprised to find myself in 2 years from
now making a week' voyage to the S. Islands
in. an express .Erial Steamer. But I thall not
buy a ticket at present."
Th" slip from the Telogmph Office, enclosed
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21,
in the letter is very plainly printed, but still not
so distinct us our representation of it below:
Above and below the printed line, on the original
blip nre rows of dots, caused by the pa-ier being
drawn through the machine by pin?. The size
of the letters, and their appearance on paper are
ns Mow, except that the letters are in leud
marks and not in ink. ..... ,
Correction. From the Evening Picayune,
of the 14th -Aug.y.vve extract the following: ;
"Sandwich Islands. Wo have llouolulu
papers to the 20th of July. -There is very little
news of interest.' Wc notice in the Polynesian
of the above date the official publication of sev
eral chapters of the "Penal Code" of the Islands,
purporting to be n translation from the enact
ments of their Parliament passed in the vernacu
lar lansruace. ' The fact in the case that the code
was entirely concocted nnd prepared by the for
eign rulers of the country, is attempted to be
concealed by a week simplicity of phraseology,
and a childish detail of crimes and ottences."
We deny that any such attempt at conceal
ment, ns is asserted above, has ever been made.
On the contrary, in his report, submitting thej
"Penal Code," His Honor, Judge Lee, over his
own signature; said, "I now submit to your hon
orable body an act to establish a criminal code,
in part compliance with your resolution, passed
on the 27th day of September 1847." ( By that
resolution, Judge Lee was requested to prepare
not only a criminal code, but a civil code, and a
code of proecdurc,and the criminal code submit
ted, was in compliance with the Resolution of
the jirevious legislature. , Is there any attempt
made to conceal the authorship? ;.
In regard to a "week" we suppose be means
weak "simplicity of phraseology," we further
quote from Judge Lee's report. "I am greatly
indebted to the labors of the Commissioners ap
pointed to prepare a penal code for Massachus
etts, as given in their report, and also to those
of Mr. Livingston, in the penal code of Louisi
ana. From both these able works I have bor
rowed largely.", If the penal codes of Massa
chusetts and Louisiana nre "weakV and "child
ish," then may the penal code of the Hawaiian
Kingdom be truihfully subjected to the same
charge. Otherwise, they stand or fall together.
In noticing the above injurious assertions, we
have less care for the honor of the penal code,or
His Majesty's foreign advisers, than that the
readers of the Evening Picayune may know how
much reliance to place upon its editor's opinions
and assertions in relation to Hawaiian matters in
general, and especially those wherein those for
eign advisers have any interest, or have taken a
part. If the above are a specimen, they are cer
tainly below par, if notpurious altogether. ;
Deaths at Sea. We are pained to learn that
four Hawaiian?, passengers from Hong Kong on
board the Enigma, died through the reprehensi
ble negligence of somebody in not furnishing the
vessel with sufficient water for even a short pas
sage to these islands.
We learn from Capt. Hubertson, who char
tered the Enigma, that after the Brig was ready
for sea, with provisions and . water on board,
seventeen native passengers were put on hoard
by the owners of the vessel, against the wish ami
protest of his agents in China, and also of the
Captain, (Stavers,) who commanded her. That
she sailed with a supply of water for forty-five
days only, which was further reduced, by stress
of weather, to but thirty-six day's supply; and
as the vessel was sixty -six in making the passage,
they were put upon so short nn allowance os to
cause sickness, and the death of the four men
alluded to above. No blame, certainly, can at
tach to Capt. Hubertson, but it would seem to
fall upon the owners who forced the passengers
on board. -
0 But we cannot refrain from expressing the
opinion that with such a necessity of proceeding
to sea with an-inadequate supply of water, the
captain slmuld cither have declined the com-
Lmand, or should have put into some port on the
way for a supply. Wc learn that nn investiga
tion is to be had of the case, and shall wait the
result, by which it may perhaps, appear, why
none but Hawaiiaus died from the privations to
which all, in such a case, should haTe been sub
Bees. From the Boston Traveller we take
the following extract, and are thereby again re
minded of the desirableness of having this useful
little i:;scct introduced into these islands. Be
sides the value of the honey it produces, and the
luxury or having it fresh, the bee would afford
the horticulturist valuable aid in distributing the
pollen of his flowering plants, and thus prevent
the barrenness often complained of here.
The bee can, doubtless, be brought either from
the British Colonies, or from China, and we
hope to see a successful attempt made to intro
duce the little stranger, and give him a welcome
amongst the producers of this Kingdom.
1 1 f r . m
, uvltukg of dees. i iiere is no more inter
esting creature of the insect tribe than the nnnev
bee. The hive is proverbially the emblem of in
dustry ami order, and torms a standins rebuke
ol all indolence and insubordination. That lib-
efty which consists in the disregard of law. or in
the right to live on the labor of others, finds no
countenance in nature. Indeed, we believe no
community composed of any other animal than
man-, would endure it. The bees annually drive
out their drones. But our design was not to
moralize, but to inquire why no more attention
is paid in our country, to the honey-bee, consid
ering that she maintains herself, nnd makes such
a luxurious return tor the little care and atten
uon ncstowcd upon her. But we suspect the
reason may be the little success which often at
tends the attempt to make houev. uith the old
fashioned hive. We have recently examined a
new iiive, or nee-house, rather, constructed by
Mr. Titcomb, of Fnrmiugton, Me., which is a
most ingenious piece of workmanship, and shows
a thorough acquaintance with the habits of the
honey bee. Several persons, who have made fair
trial 01 tne tiive.certity that they have taken from
n single swarm ol tiers, the hrst year after put
ting them into the hive, between twenty nml
thirty pounds of honey more than sufficient to
winter the liees. 1 he hive contains as much
room, we should think, as ten or n dozen old
fashioned hives, and is so contrived that honev
may be taken out at any time in boxes, without
disturbing the bees. Honey in the comb, secur-
eu in mis way, is worth twenty-five cents a pound
in Boston; and we cannot but think a trial of this
hive would convince Massachusetts fanners that
it is profitable to keep bee?. The hive is for sale
at the Agricultural Warehouse of Messrs. D.
Prouty &, Co., North Market street. It is ac
companied with a little manual containing much
information concerning bees, with directions for
their management. Messrs. D. P. & Co. have
also a work cn bees, imported from London, en
"r V , ." Bpe-Keepers Manual," which is full
Of Valuable information nn th Vntnml Ui.m..
ot Bees and direction for their management, i-
New Plastatiow. We notice with pleasure
the enterprise and vigor with which the new
plantation, for the cultivation of sugar.of Messrs.
H. A. Peirce & Co., is toing conducted.- With
a good tract of land, energy and pereeverence to
conduct it, and capital to introduce mills, imple
ments, Stc, we have no doubt that success will
attendjhe enterprise, and wealth reward the
proprietors, of this truly valuable estate.
By the ship Gentoo, now on her passage hith
er, we understand a superior mill is ex
pected, and every other improved requisite for
the use of the plantation; and also, that the pro
prietors have taken measures to introduce, as
soon as possible, 50 Chinese laborers to be em
ployed, with nativos, upon the plantation. All
these facilities will doubtless involve a heavy
outlay 'of capital; but with the splendid pros
pects of an abundant market at their door, at
remunerating prices, we have no doubt of the
speedy ret Urn of their capital, and that a large
dividend of profits Will be reaped from the enter
prise. .. r , v . " -..';'
Mr. Chas. Burnham, and family, formerly a
resident here at Koloa, is coining out in the
Gentoo, to have charge of the plantation, and
wc know not of a better mail for the purpose.
IC3 Nuuanu Street, we are happy to learn,
has been widened 15 A. on the East side, from
the Commercial Hotel to the New Aqueduct,
an improvement much needed, considering the
growing importance of that street, and the great
additions making to the residents in the valley,
and tho travel upon the road. If trees were
planted on both sides, it would become a splen
did avenue in a few years. Will not owners of
property plant trees in front of their premises,
for the benefit of themselves and the public?
The Algeroba is a fine tree for shade, and asjhe
trees in town are now in flower, an abundance
of seeds can soon be obtained for such a pur
CO The brigantinc Kahuna, Capt. Charman,
struck the reef on going out of this harbor on
Wednesday evening, and after proceeding about
40 miles, found four feet of water in her hold
She returned to this port on Thursday, for re
We learn that the Kalama had been charter
ed by the new plantation firm of H. A. Peirce
&. Co. of Kauai, and had a full ft eight for the
plantation. J. F. B. Marshall, Esq. one of the
firm, was on board, and has returned in the ves
sel. , -
07- Wc are happy to se announced in the
New-York Commercial Advertiser, of July 19th,
the arrival of Ex-Consul Turrell, lady and three
children, at the Irving House, in that city. Mr.
T. left these islands on the 21st of April, in the
Starling, for San Francisco.thence to New-York,
Sxake. A snake of the striped kind was
caught on Wednesday last, near the Commer
cial Hotel, and safely deposited in a bottle. We
hope this is the first, and that it may be the
last, animal of that genus ever seen on these is
lands. How it got here is a mystery not yet
solved. ' ,
0O In publishing the act, " Amending the
Law relating to the King's Chamberlain," last
week, the signatures of the King and Premier
were omitted by mistake. ' -
Mem. The first Boston ice brought to these
islands, was received on the 14th inst. by brig
Fortunio, Hasty, via San Francisco. -
Legislative Enactments. la the. present issue
of our paper we conclude the publication of the Laws
passed at the recent Session of the Legislature. They
are thirty in number, iacluJing the Penal Code. We
publish below a list of their titles, with the dates of
their publication in the Polynesian, which may serve
ilsie of publicitiun.
An Act establishing a Penal Code. July. 6 to Aug!
An Act to abolish the disabilities of 24. inclusive.
Aliens to acquire and convey lands in fe
simple July 13.
An Act respecting the pilotage to be levied
on whale ships. July 20.
An Act granting exemption from duties,
for the encouragement of agriculture. July 27.
An Act to extend the jurisdiction of the
superior court and of police Justices of Hon
olulu and Lahaina. Aug 10
An Act to provide for the appointment of
clerks for the Circuit Courts. Aujj. 10.
An Act relating to the Register of Con
veyances. " w
Au Act to regulate the circulation of
American dimes and half dimes. tt M
An Act to provide for the better support
and greater efficiency of the public schools. Aug. 17,
An Act to amend the existing law of Mar
riage. Aug. 2.
An Act to regulate the election of repre
sentatives of the people. M u
An Act to increase the number of repre
sentatives of the people in the Legislative
An Act opening the ports of IIilo.Kawaihae
and Kealakekua on the island of Hawaii,
and of Wainea on the island of Kauai, to
An Act abolishing the payment of taxes
An Act to regulate boats plying for hire
in the harbor of Honolulu.
An Act to amend the law relating to the
issue of passports.
An Act relating to the labor tax on Roads
and like public works.
An Act to provide for the appointment of
Cjrcuit Judge for the island of Molokai.
An Act to prohibit natives from leavin
the islands. . 0
An Act providing for the Seminary of La
hainaluna. An Act confirming certain resolutions of
the King and privy council, passed on the
21st day of Dec, 1819, granting to the com
mon people allodial titles for their own lands
and house lots, and certain other privileges.
An Act to amend the lw relating to the
An Act to regulate the descent of proper
ty, both personal and real.
An Act relating to the enlistment of na
An Act amending the law relating to the
An Act relating to the registration of
births, deaths, and marriages.
An Act to render uniform the districts for
educational and taxation purposes, and for
subdiijig said districts into townships.
An Act amending the laws respecting har
An Act for the government of masters aad
An Act upon the subject of dinlomstio
privileges and exemptions. H H
The Rothschilds. It is said that the for
tune of the Rothschilds is not less than seven
hundred and thirty-five millions of francs, or
twenty-nine millions four hundred thousand
pounds British money; about one hundred apd
forty-five millions of dollar?.
Id A boy at Peterhead has strain, vrhila nn.
der the influence of mesmerism. Dredicted the
safe return of Sir John Franklin. What lives
weight to this seer's statements is the fact, that
a prediction of his about the return of whaler
was fully and circumstantially accomplished. 1
Facts worth krowiho. If any doubts still
exist, 111 any quarter, in regard to the proprie
ty of prosecuting the work of JSducation by the
government of these islands, we think the fol
lowing facts should be allowed to have their full
weight in settling the question. For ourselves,
wc think it as much the duty of government to
provide education for all, as it is to punish crime,
or protect property and life. In fact, no mode
can be devised so effectually to prevent crime,
and to render life and property secure, ns that of
a good efficient system of education, based upon
class-books of a good moral tendency. And for
a system thus established, we give all credit and
honor to His Majesty's government, and hope
never to see it relaxed, or fall into decay. - Its
economy is not its only feature that commends
it to admiration; its permanent beneficial influ
ence renders it one of the brightest ornaments of
the reign of His Majesty.
Education and Crime. The following im
portant exhibit of Statistics drawn from the pub
lic records of our State has a bearing on the Free
School controversy now agitating our State
which cannot be gainsayed. Crime is the great
source ot insecurity to rroperty; Government is
established (in part) to protect Property by re
pressing Crime; and the Official Records show
that r.DCCATio.t is toe eflectual antidote to
Crime. , Why, then, should not Property be
willing to protect itself by providing Education
for All, and so diminishing Crime in the most
effectual way by reducing to the lowest point
the number of those who even desire 10 be crim
inals? It seems to us the plain interest nf Prop
erty to make provision lor Universal r.ilucation
as well as its moral duty. 1 Look at the facts:
RELATION BETWEEN EDUCATION
AND CRIME.' .
To1 the Editor of the Tribcke: It has
been frequently alleged of late, on the part of
opponents ot Universal Lducation through
schools free to all, that the progress of Crime in
our own and other lands has kept pace with the
advancement and diffusion of Knowledge, and
that the records ul our prisons and penitentiaries
it carefully examined, would show that a large
proportion of their inmates were from the Edu
cated Classes. I have recently investigated the
Official Returns made to the Secretary of State
by the Sheriffs of the several Counties, of the
convictions bail in the several Courts of Record
throughout the Stale, and the Courts of Special
Sessions in the respective cities from the years
1S40 to l84S,both inclusive, comprising a period
of nine years, and find the following result:
The whole number of persons returned as hav
ing been convicted ol crimes in theseveral coun
ties and cities of the State, during the period re
ferred to, was 27,949; of these 1,182 were re
turned as having received a "eoygmon educa
tion," .414 as having "a tolerably good educa
tion," and 123 only as "well educated." Of the
remaining 26,225 about half were able merely to
read and write. The residue were destitute of
any education whatever.
Assumin-, therefore, the standard of. the re
turning ofbeers, as to what constitutes a good
education, to be correct, only 123 out of nearly
23,000 of the inmates of our prisons are from the
educated classes: and only about one in sixteen
had received an ordinary common school educa
tion. Facts like these arc worth more than a
thousand vague declamations ns to the efficacy
of Education, with reference to the progress of
Urinie. lours, respcctiuHy, -
Albany, June 21, 1950. . S. S. RANDALL.
Oil. The import of oil into the United States
for the week ending July 1st, was, of Sperm,
2,160 bbls; of whale, S.000; and of bone 12,000
lbs. Total, from January 1st to July 1st, of
Sperm, 59,925; of whale, 172,730; and of bone,
2,732,500 lbs. .
New Bedford Oil Market. July 1, 1850.
Sperm continues in active demand for export and
peculation, and sales to the extent of 5950 bbls
have heen made since our last. I be transactions
here embrace two cargoes d about 1700 bbls
each nt 119 cts per gallon; 200 bbls at the same
price, and a cargo of 2o0 bbls on private terms.
In Nantucket sales have been made of 2100 bbls
at 118 cts cts. In manufactured we notice sales
of 4000 gals unbleached Winter at 117cts; 4000
gals do Spring at 112 cts; 1000 gals dodoat 113;
ami 5000 gals bleached do, at 117 cts per gallon.
Whale We have no change to notice in the
market which remains very dull. The only
transaction which has come to our knowledge is
a parcel of 1000 bbls.handsome N W Coast re
ported at 52 3-4 cts per gallon.
Whalebokev Sales of 10,000 lbs Polar at 36.
cts; and 24,000 lbs do, understood to be at the
The Margaret, Capt. Fates, wrecked in Feb.
last at Huahine, Society Islands, is insured in
this city for 23,000, as follows $7,800 at the
Mutual Marine; $6,200 at tho Pacific; and $5,-
000 each at the tSeutord Commercial and tial
Ship Tamerlane, of and from Savannah, ar
rived at this port 23th, in ballast consigned to
Thos. Bradley. We learn it is the intention of
Mr. Bradley to offer her for sale, and in case she
is not disposed of, will be fitted for whaling on
Ship Ontario, S63 tons, late of Sajtharbor, has
been purchased by David B. Kempton, of this
city, to be employed m the North Pacific whale
fishery under command of Capt. Frederick Slo
cum, late of ship Seine of New Bedford.
Whalemen's Shipping List, New Bedford.
From China. By the brig Enigma, we have
China dates to tbe 10th July. The following
appeared in an Extra, of the Friend of China,
on the 7th July.
Friend of China Office, Sunday, 7th July.
We hav just received tbe startling intelli
gence of the sudden death of His Excellency
Commodore Cchha, Governor of Macao.
Yesterday morning at daylight he was well
at half past three, p. m. a Corpse!
Our Correspondent say., "The Governor bad
a glass of water about 6 a. m. soon after he felt
sick (the waier is said to have been given to!
him by a Chinese Servant.) "
in an nour s imiff ne was weak and helpless:
delirium ensued shortly afterwards. Two or
three times he rallied, and enquired of his at
tendant "Que Estel " but swooned again imme
diately. The place is quiet. 1. '
It is the general opinion here that he has been
poisoned. The result of the vott mortem, ex
amination, which will of course be made, 1 will
send to you. .
P. M. The flags are flying at half mast; and
a vuumii 01 me government have again enter
ed on sad duties. The tollimr Qf bells, and fir.
ing of minute guns at tbe Monte Fort, too pain-
1 1.. ! a aa '
tunjr 1C11111HJ3 us 01 our aau loss.
TF . 11
Abater intelligence asserts, that upon a post
mortem examination no evidence was discovered
of foul play, but "that His Excellency died of
enronic disease." .
The Br. brig Tepic, Lucf, arrived at Hong
Kong on the 9th of July. The Fanny Forester
anil Clyde, hence, are also reported as arrived.
ICF The origin of mankind appears to have
been the subject of the annual lecture delivered
before the llavard f Mass. Natoral HUmr
nvij, uj ur. &.neeianu, on Wednesday last, ac
cording to tbe Traveller. He took tbe broad
t r ir . . ' ... 7 7
ground that tbe received opinion that all human
beings are descended, from one pair, Adam and
Eve, "is not supported bv the Mnui rj
and arguing from known facts and from analogy'
cannot be true. This coincides with the r.,.
ly expressed opinion of Professor Agajsiz, who,
it is exptcted, will shortlv civ m th. n.,hi. hi.
views on this interesting question at some Icn-th.
Later from Saw Frakcisco. We arena.
der obligations to Capt. Mumford, of the Wis.
cousin, and to Capt. Nickles of the J. Q. Adams
for Sao Francisco papers to the 2nd September.
We glean a few items.
Markets. Brown Sugar is quoted at!34
15c Coffee 22 a 30 Molasses 1,00 Syrup 1,95
Flour 12 a 13,50.
KAccounts of the sufferings of the overland
emigrants show the amount of sickness and the
number of deaths to be great. Great exertions
were being made in San Francisco to relieve the
Sailikg of the Oregox asd Refcblic.
These two steamers leave to-day for Panama.
The former takes 230assenger and $1,500,000
in gold dust; Tho latter 150 passengers aix
about $400,000 in dust,
Suifmext of Gold Dust. We can safely
say that the shipment of gold from this country, .
uunng me montn ot August, exceed mat or ant
other month since the d iscovery of the mines.
The amount is almost incredibly large, verging
on three millions of dollars. This sum has bees
regularly manifested, and is exclusive of the par
cels carried through by private hands. The fol
lowing exhibits the amount by each steamer
August iZ, per Carolina,
" 15, per Columbus,
" 31, per Oregon,
Sept. I, per Northerner,
5 Total, -A.;.;.
C3A beautiful eighteen pound tump ofgoM,
perfectly pure, was brought into our office yester
day. It was from Carson's Creek, and dug lj
an Irishman 011 Saturday lat. It was seven and
it half iiK'hes measurement the longest way, five
inches broad, and fy c inches thick. " "
DO"We underhand that the value of the land
owned by the City has been estimated by ih
Assessors, at about $370,000. ,. This amount tint
not include some unsurveyed land.
OCWe are informed by the captain of iLe
Eudoras, arrived on Thursday from the Mar
quesas Islands, ' that previous to bis sailing,
a French brig of war had arrived and takes
possession of the group. Two French frigatei
were also daily expected. It is understood . that
the Islands rre to be occupied as a French pewit
Colony. . , , . - .
Z7Thf Rriliali iiiftn-rtCur nr v liirh nnrhnrAI
at Saucelito on Thursday afternoon, was tbe
Deed al us. Caotnin Welleslev. from Cnll.m th. i
18th July. Wre understand that by orders off w be use
tne irnisn .vutmrai sne win remain stationed at
this pert. T ,
CUThe U. S. Sloop of war Yincennes arrival '
in harbour vesterday evening, from Valparaiso I
and anchored at suucelito. -
E?"We are credibly informed that one man at
one haul took out a forty pound lump of pure
gold, on the Yuba, about, fourteen miles from
Marysville, the day before yesterday. ',- We hart
. i.t 1 1
not. seen ir. uiucr sun ne tier men nave, its
here. Alia California.
P. S. ' To Capt. Sherman of the scb. Ptn
elope, we are inJebted for dates to the 4ih.
Nothing new of importance.
The steamer Tennessee, with two weeks lattr
intelligence from the States was expected ontb
4th or 5th. "
A List of letters w publihcd it the Aha of the
From tbe Journal of Commerce of that tlatt
we learn that trade was brisk, aiiu traders fron!i
the country were making extensive purchases.
S16 pr. bbl. had been offered for flour to arrive,
but refused. Cold dust was coming in quite
plentifully to pay for purchases.
From Havana. By the steamship Ohio,
have Havana papers tn the 19th insf. Sevenl
planters on the island have recently made ex
periments with the bi-sulphate of lime n-com-mended
by Mr. Melsens in the improvement of
sugar-mukins. They were in all cases most sat
isfactory. The Faro says that Mr. Melsetis h
established a well-founded claim on the-'rrnn-
tude of the Cuban planters by his disinterested
ness in making known hi modus operandi, rnirf
suggests that a gratuity of $100000 I awarded
bun by subscription or. rather hogsheads of
sugar to that amount, prepared according to b;s
new invention. Ti. .U. t'ie.
Clipper Ships. Among the vessels wh.i
are up at this port (New-York) for California
we mention ami suggest a visit to the beautiful
new ship Celestial, just built for Messrs. Eutl
lin Si. Crane, for the China trade. She is loatt-
1112 at pier INo. 5 3orth Kiver : hersvminptrTdll A Si
hull, her tall, rakish masts and towering
. ' : . 1 1
must excite universal nt immtinii. Sh u t.nih wok?'"
after the model of the famous clipper Sea Witcb, probably
Oriental, and Samuel Russel, and will, we n- "Jl'oii ar
sun, give a good account t.f her saibni: nunli- Ftp' in i
ties or, in the words ot an old salt, wMa f r;pti
" holy-stoning" the decks yesterday, rhe a
" bound to give the latter ship fits" "when kf
starts on her firt voyage round the world.
Execution. The fire Indians, who.-e iris,
and condemnation we recoiled in our lust p:ijr,
t wrA Khun An tttA 3 . 1 tn.it amham.I... . . i.
tenre of the court. The execution was win- rete.
ed by a large concourse of people. The rh fl P
(Telokite) plead earnestly to be shot, as b1 t' I diffich
iug, in hi. view, was nofonly an ignorninio tad hi
fate, but not inexact accordance with the rn I' V count
principle nf retributive justice. Hanging, hi 1' ) most r
ever, was the requirement of the law, and kj. Llrnocrar
they diil. Some of them died almost witbutj T
... i -.1 . ..!
oiners seemeu to sutler more, ami aw
showed signs of life after hanging fourteen m
utes. l hey were attended on the scaffold !"
Arch .Bishop of the Catholic Chunh, wb
ministered to them ih right and consoUti
of that church appropriate to such oocaifl-""
This closes another chanter of the sad ami Sorrt-
4le tragedy of Waiilatpu. Oregon Sp.
"Llotds" a word often met with in It
lish newspapers is a rreaf enmiunt nf at'
writers, whose agents are located all over"
commercial world. It is expected of the
of Lloyds that thv ascertain tbe workman
of all vessels when upon the storks the iiiarf
they receive in the course of their voyages-
nature of the repairs put upon them theirs
ing properties, &c. &.c.,and transmit all thej.
ticulars to the company in. England. I
The accuracy and vigilante of these a?
has been matter of surprise to American t
other shipmasters: for it is'sakl the conuit
and properties of United States ships araj
curatelv understood in London as in Ba-to"
ew York. , A Yankee ship-master, ma
application at Lloyds' for insurance upoa
vessel, observed that the officer referred at
to what proved to be a great alphabetical
ter, in which were recorded the names amlo"';
er memoranda regarding thousands and tb"
nnds of vessels, arranged nnder all tbe das
peculiar to that establishment, from "Air
letter," down to the lowest insurable rfa
due time the Yankee wos informed that bi;
surance would be so end so,(namingthe term
that although once worthy to stand aJ "Aj
his vessel find worked in lower classes;
when she ran aground at sccb aplace,
ceived greater damage than the owners
perhaps aware; and that the repairs put if
her when she was got off were not adequiB!'
the injury she received, &c. &c. Tbe surt:
of the Yankee captain, in the language of
mnnCA writer. vtn aeir imairlnjxt than if
cribed. He found they knew more of his i&l
Wordsworth is said to have left to the csfl
his nephew, Rev. Christopher Words" I
poem in 14 cantos, descriptive of his l'fre
acter and opinions, with directions that it D0
bo published on his disease.
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