Newspaper Page Text
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER, 26, 1850.
Choo Island. Facilities may also bo found
on Preble Island, one recently discovered by
Captain Glynn, of the United States navy,
and uaroed after his vessel. This is some
what nearer to the Sandwich Islands. To
either of these places, Port Melville or Preble
Island, the Chinese or Japanese junks can
carry coal, but the distance to be steamed
from Honolulu will be increased to about
four thousand miles.
It has been proposed to establish a depot
at the Fox Islands, or on one of the adjoin
ing groups; but that part of the ocean, is for
seven months in the year, enveloped in fogs
so dense, that the Russians of the north-west
Fur Company never attempt during that sea
son to approach those islands, or to navigate
any part of the adjacent sea. All the whalers
: agree in their representations as to these
facts. They enter the sea to the northward
of the Islands in May and June, and leave it
again in August and September. The fogs
not only render the navigation dangerous, if
not impossible, but produce a degree oi ais
comfort wholly inconceivable to those who
have not encountered them. They are dis
cribed as worse than the heaviest and most
constant rain. The humidity of the atmo
sphere penetrates everywhere, and saturates
everything, and of course no passenger
would willingly encounter such inconven
ience a second time.
Under these circumstances the idea of es
tablishing a depot so far north must be aban
doned as impracticable, and the only course
left is to fill up with coal and make the run
by the shortest possible route. The island
of Niphon, in Japan,lies directly on the line
from San Francisco to Shang-hai, and the
passage may be made either to the north
ward, through the straits of Matsmai, or
south, by cape Awa, the south-east point of
the island; the thnerence being one hundred
and sixty miles in favor of the northen route.
The south-east point of the island of Mata
mai too, the best land to run for, is forty-one
hundred miles from San Francisco, while
Cape Awa, is forty-four hundred and seventy
four. If the northern route, be taken the
fogs must be encountered, but by taking the
southern one we may escape them, perhaps
entirely end at all seasons of the year. The
whole distance from San Francisco is by the
northern 5,509, and by the southern, 5,373
In approaching some parts of this coast
Monterey for instance it is found that within
the fog-hank and off sh ore a few miles, there
is generally a clear space which admits of
- running in boldly with proper precautions,
Such may not improbably be the case near
the straits of Matsmai, but so little is known
of the coast of Japan, that nothing can be
asserted with confidence concerning it. When
ever approached by the Preble, however, on
the recent visit of that vessel, it presented
indications of abounding in safe harbors -and
bays, fit shelters for steamers. This is con
firmed by Von iiebald's maps, the besPex
tant; and all the European writers on the
country dwell with admiration on the great
facilities afforded for a coasting trade by its
naturally sheltered straits and passages. The
country is most conveniently divided into
sections by the sea, and it is well known that
the natives avail themselves of these natural
advantages, for the shores and great bays
swarm with vessels adapted to tho coasting
trade. " There is every reason to believe,
then, that a proper place may be found for
depot at any point on the coast that may
prove most convenient for vessels to strike
first. But to secure the privilege of a depot
as well as facilities for obtaining coal, our
Government must use diplomacy, and no op
portunity can ever occur more appropriate
or apt than that afforded by the conduct of
the Japanese authorities towards the Araer
ican seamen wrecked on their coast. For
thejiardshipsand cruelties these men suffered
at their hands, indemnity should be promptly
demanded, and none could be sought more
advantageous to the interests of the nation
than the use of a harbor on their coast as a
coal depot for our steamers. San Francisco
HONOLULU, 'OCTOBER 26, 1950.
JC7 The Newfoundland Seal Fishery of
this season has resulted in abundant returns.
Seals to the value of $350,000 are now being
cured at St. John's alone, and tne arrivals
into the different ports are computed at
In Berlin the peace with Denmark occupies
the foreground in public attention. Hanover will
refuse to ratify it. It is expected that other gov
ernment will follow the example. Prussia is
severely handled by the press for sacrificing
Schleswig, and for prohibiting foreign interven
tion, in Holstein. The Copenhagen journals an
nounces that the Russian fleet in the Baltic had
from 7,000 to 8,000 infantry troops on board.
So many troops, it is added, could be sent into
this vicinity with no oilier viO than for the pur
pose of influencing the settlement of the Sch els
wig Holstein question by armed aggression.
The newspapers nt Copenhagen calculate the
chances of ScheUwig Holstein shot against Rus
sian frigate?; nnl we shall soon see how much
ground they have for those anticipation.
The Fourth of July was celebrated on board
the Canada in glorious style, ami addresses were
made by Captain Harrison, ihe Hon. Rufus
Choate, Col. Isaac O. Barnes , Hon. Joseph Bell,
n 6on of Commodore Stewart, and others. The
following was the sentiment of Captain Har
mon, and the response made to it by Mr.
Cho .te :
"The 4th of July, 1776. The regret that
this day once awakened amongst Englishmen,
are obliterated by the pride he ftelsin the glory
of his descendants."
The manliness and Rood feeling of this senti
ment was immediately and eloquently responded
to by the Hon. Rufus Choate, lately a member
of the United States Senate, and one of the lead
ing barristers of the Boston bar. In elegant and
glowing language, be gave expression to the
emotions that had been so suddenly awakened in
the breasts of bis countrymen, by the friendly
and affectionate demonstration of their English
brethren,once their adversaries, but always their
kinsmen, and he closed with the following toast,
which vas applauded to the echo:
"Mother and Daughter United they may de
fy the world."
C7" Commodore Jacob Jones a distinguished
officer in the American Navy, died at Philadel
phia on the 3d of August. The following Gen
eral Order was issued by the new Sacratary of
NaTT DtFARTMEBT, Aug. 5, 1850.
As a mark of respect to the memory of Com
mxlore Jacob Jones, a distinguished officer of
tin United States Navy, who died in Philadel
phia, on the S I instant, the flags of the navy
yards, stations, And vessels of the United States
Navy, will Iks hoisted at half-mast, and thirteen
" minute guns fired at noon on the day after the
'receipt of this order. Officers of the navy and
marine corps will wear crape on the left arm for
thirty days. WILLIAM A. GRAHAM,
Secretary of the Navy.
SCP We published in our last an article from
the, San Francisco Herald, a continuation of
which will lie found in another column
The subject under discussion is one of great
importance to these islands, and one in which
we know many persons here, as well as the Go
vernment take a deep interest. A line of first-
class 6teamers regularly touching here, on their
way to and from China, would doubtless be of
considerable consequence to us, whether the tcr
miuus were at San Francisco, Panama or Renl
ejo, on the American coast. . And the bonus of
fered by this Government in the Treaty recently
negotiated with the United States Government,
shows how ready it has been to facilitate any
enterprise in which the prosperity of the islands
is somewhat connected.
We concur with our cotemporary in the opin
ion that the Hawaiian islands afford the first
natural depot and stopping-place for these
steamers, and in fact, seem placed hero by pro
vidence for just such a purpose. And should
the attempt ever be made, we hate not n
doubt that liberal measures will be adopted by
his Majesty's Government to render their stay
here as little onerous as possible consistently
with the other interests of the kingdom.
In regard to another depot to the westward,
there is so little actually known as to localities
fid facilities, that nn ngent should be sent on
purpose to make the preliminary observations on
the spot; anil a small but staunch vessel should
be placed at bis disposal for this purpose. But
where there's a will there's a way, and an un
dertaking of such magnitude will not be suspend
ed long for want of depots and other requisites
for its successful accomplishment. ,
Thj; western terminus of such a line would
doubtless be Canton or Shang-hai, in China,
and the port of Honolulu, one of the stopping
places on the route; but whether San Fran
cisco will long continue to be the eastern termi
nus, is quite questionable. For the trade with
California merely, San Francisco would be the
starting point; but for the trade and carriage of
passengers between the Atlantic States and
China, the eastern terminus would doubtless be,
wherever the first rail-road or canal touches the
Pacific. To be obliged to go to San Francisco
with freight and passengers bound to the Atlan
tic States, would destroy the voyage, and defeat
the object, both in regard to time and expense.
But these are collateral arrangements, which
experience alone can settle. Whatever terminus
however, may be selected, one point is nettled
beyond controversy, and that is, that this island
must be the first stopping-place on the voyage
westward, and Honolulu the port at which
steamers must touch.
With a view to be prepared for this new ad
vent in steam communication, we would earn
estly impress upon the Government the impor
tance of filling in the water-front from the shij
yard of Robinson and Co. to the opposite side of
the bay, and provide a long front of wharfage
in that section of the harbor where large
steamers can lie undisturbed by the crowd of
coasters and merchant vessels that now thron
the wharves in the vicinity of the Custom House.
Such a provision will be absolutely indispcusa
Lahaina Improvements heeded The sta
tistics we gave in our last issue clearly show
that the business of Lahaina is rapidly increas
ing. . To meet the actual wants of the place.im
provements are much needed and loudly called
for. It should be the prime object of every gov
ernment to have a watchful rare of the interests
of every portion of its territory to examine in
to whatever improvements are called for in cer
tain localities and if possible to carry out those
improvements. It is thus, by the fostering care
of government, that frequently a place of; sec
ondary importance, rapidly changes to be one of
Those who are most acquainted with the har
bor of Lahaina are convinced that there are im
provements in relation to it, that will render it
much more valuable for the landing of merchan
dize and shipment of goods. That all our read
ers may know, we will state that before the
town of Lahaina a reef extends nearly parallel
with the shore, having a channel through it
about two hundred feet wide. Over the reef the
surf breaks, but through the channel the water
is comparatively quiet, allowing the safe pass
age of boats except in heavy seas, when much
care is needed in entering it. The reef extends
out from the shore about one hundred and fifty
fathoms and has from eight to ten feet of water
It is proposed to build a breakwater by run
ning out the South wall of the Canal which is
' Loss or Ship Charles Drew. We are
sorry to report the loss of the wbale-ship Charles
Drew, Carey, 10 months out, with 1,300 bids
oil, and 10,000 lbs. of bone. She left Lahaina
on Tuesday, and run down to this port on Wed
nesday morning, all ready for sea, except some
men which she cajne to ship here. The Capt
left the ship and came on shore, leaving the mifte
in charge, ami the ship standing off and on.
About midnight, on Wednesday, she struck on
the reef, a short distance to the westward of the
harbor, and although the wind was offshore she
could not be got off. As the tide ebbed, she
thumped heavily, carrying away her rudder and
stern-post, and will, it is feared, soon go to pie
ces. The cargo will be saved, but the ship will
be an entire loss.
P. S. We learn that there is strong proba
bility that the vessel as well as her cargo may be
saved. Capt. Penhallow has taken his bark,
tho Connecticut, to the spot and every effort
will be made by him to unload the Charles Drew
and float her off. -
The following is a list of the officers of the U.
S. Brig "Dolphin." The Dolphin sailed from
Hong Kong on the 2 2d of July for Manila,
thence to the Bonin Islands, sailing from thence
on the 17th of Sept.; bound home by way of
Lieut. Commanding, Tho's S. Page Acting
Lieut.'s, G. V. Fox, (Ex officer); G. P. Welch,
about one hundred fathoms South of the channel C. II. Wells; Asst'g Surgeon, Owen Jones Wis
tar, Mid'n, J. Cornwall, Cha's L. O. Ham
mond; M. Mate, R. J. Robinson.
to the edge of the reef, Northerly, to the chan
nel. A similar wall would be desired on the north
side of the channel. , These improvements J' S. Hudson, Capt's Clerk, died of dysen
would render the water of the channel and es- fery on 11 the Dolphin, the 26th of August,
pecially the water within the walls perfectly still, universally regretted by nil who knew him.
enabling the safe and speedy loading of boats he U. S. Flag-ship Portsmouth," and sloop
and scows within the basin. A little additional i f war "Marion" were nt Hong Kong on the 22d
ble for the accommodation of steamers, and
now much needed for the great amount of or
dinary commerce now carried on here. There
is not a quarter part even now demanded by the
business of Honolulu; and much delay and in
convenience is daily experienced on this account.
But the Government are the owners of all the
water fronts" in the harbor available for wharves,
and it is an incumbent duty they owe to the
interests of the islands, to provide all the wharf
age necessary, or to dispose of the water-fronts
to private parties, who will improve them.
We do not utter these opinions in a censorious
spirit, or because we think the Government will
be remiss in the respects alluded to: buf "nrn-
gress " is so strongly stamped on all the move
ments of the day, and so imperiously demanded
by coming and passing events, that a vigilant
eye must be kept upon the coming wave, lest the
bark be overwhelmed by the rushing waters, be
fore aware of their proximity.
We hope to see the steamers before many
months, and we also hope to see the requisite
preparation for them, progressing without delay.
Coal at Saw Diego. We yesterday had the
pleasure of seeing 6om specimens of this valu
able mineral at the office of Wm. H. Davis,
Esq., and which were brought up from San
Diego in the last steamer.
The specimens resemble that of an anthracite
character, although we understand that it has
more the nature of Cannel Coal. The locality
at which it is found is about twelve miles to the
northward of the port of San Diego, and we ore
informed that the land upon which the vein is
situated is in the pnssesssinn of J. D. Johns,
U.S.A., A. B. Gray, Esq., mid others, and that
these gentlemen are now making explorations to
test the extent and value of the deposit. A small
quantity has been tried by the engineer of the
eienmsmp waiiiorma, ana is pronounced bv Mm
to be of good quality, and to burn well. From
what we are nble to judge, the specimens are of
a most promising character; ami we trust that
those whose enterprise has led them to make
this valuable acquisition to the other natural re
sources of California, may be richly rewarded by
the deposit of coal be'mg of sufficient extent to
supply the great and increasing demands for coal
upon the Pacific coast. California Courier.
rrTbe brigantine Kahuna, (late Veloze), got
ashore on the reef at the mouth of Honolulu
harbor, on the evening of the 18th instant, and
now lies bilged, very near the spot from which
the wreck of the Patapsco has but just disap
peared. The Kalama was owned by Mr. Geo.
Charman of Kauai, who sent bis vessel up under
command of a native, while he remained at
This vessel appears to have a long heel, for on
coming out of San Francisco harbor some mouths
ago, she touched a rock which was not known to
exist in that locality; and on her last trip to the
leeward, she touched on the reef going out, and
at midnight found she bad four feet water in the
hold, and returned here for repairs. She was
obliged to discbarge, heave down, and lost con
siderable time and money in the operation. She
is now lost, and we sincerely regret that Mr. C
has met with these repeated misfortunes. The
vessel was worth some four or five thousand
dollars, and was not insured.
07- Cod liver oil has risen io Eogland from
20 to XM per ton.
expense would render tin's breakwater wall, if
built wide enough, a valuable pier. The length
of wall required to be constructed, would prob
ably not exceed three hundred and fifty fathoms,
averaging eight feet high and wide. The work
would of course cost some thousands cf dollars,
but what is the cost compared with the vast
benefit that would accrue, not to the port only,
but to the whole Island of Maui. It would give
a spur to the improvements now going on, and
we may add it would be no more than justice on
the part of government to undertake ami carry
out such a work.
Another improvement strongly demanded by
the commercial interests of Lahaina and the
whole island is the erection of a suitable ware
house, for bonded merchandize. Were such i
building erected there its benefits would be in.
mediately felt in drawing to that port goods
which either pass the islands without being land
ed or are bonded at Honolulu. It is a local ne
cessity much needed, and should receive the at
tention of government. In the present 6tate of
affairs, the tendency is strongly to concentrate
the trade or the Islands into one port, thus con
ferring a local benefit, whereas were equal facil
ities afforded in different parts of the group to
accommodate the increasing mercantile wants,
the benefits arising would be vastly increased in
ibe consequent prosperity of the different sec
tions of the Kingdom. .
Another work urgently needed is the con
struction of a road from Dlihaina to East Maui.
For eight or nine miles from Lahaina, the road
runs near the shore, and is tolerable, but beyond
this at times it is nlmost impassable. In pass
ing the mountain, we are informed that it is oft
en necessary to dismount and lead the horse,
while with a small ami proper outlay of money,
a good cart road could be constructed, affording
means to transport the produce of East Maui to
Lahaina. We trust this matter will be taken up
and carried through with energy for if a road
is needed any where in the Kingdom, and they
are needed in every portion of if, it is here.
Were the prisoners kept at work on these im-
of July. The former vessel to sail for home.
The whale ship Aeronaut was at Peel's Island
with 900 bbls of whale oil.
Musicipal Police. At a Public Meeting
held nt Mauna Kilika, on Thursday Evening,
October 24th, pursuant to public notice, to con
fer with the Committee appointed by his Majes
ty in Privy Council, in reference to organizes
an efficient Police for Honolulu, &c. : His Hon
or Judge Lee was called to the Chair, and A. B.
Howe appointed Secretary. The Chairman
opened the business of the Meeting by speaking
at some length of the vital importance of at once
having a strong Police force, well and properly
appointed and equiped, and suggested some
beuefits which might be derived from a munici
pal government for Honolulu, the necessity of
a r ire Department, Sec.
On motion of G. F. Hubertson, Esq., seconded
by H. N. Crabb, Esq., the Meeting proceeded to
elect by ballot, a committee of three to confer
with the committee already appointed by the
King in Privy Council, the joint committee to
report at next meeting. The following named
gentlemen were chosen as such Committee,
G. F. Hubertson, R. C. Janion, H. N. Crabb.
On motion meeting adjourned, to meet at same
place on Friday Evening next, November lt,
at Seven o'Clock, at which time a general at
tendance of the citizens of Honolulu is requested
to hear reports of ihe joint committee.
Passengers for Honolulu. The following
aie the Passengers in the ship "Gentoo," which
sailed from Boston August 22nd, lor Honolulu.
Luther Severance, Esq., United States Com
missioner for the Hawaiian Islands, and family ;
Captain Sencerf (of the firm of F. R. Vida &.
Co.), and wife; two Misses Holt; Miss Yeaton;
Miss Robinson (daughter of James Robinson,
Esq., oflhis City); and Mr. Marshall.
The Gentoo is 800 tons burden, new, and
uilt after the most improved model, such as the
Sea Witch, Sic. It is supposed that she will
make the passage to Honolulu in 115 days.
Asother Mail. Wo received yesterday, the
25th, New York dates to the 26th August, just
two months, containing Liverpool dates to the
10th August, ten day later than we had pre
We extract from our files all we have room
for this week, which will be found below.
The steamship Atlantic arrived at Liverpool
at midnight, on Tuesday the 6th instant. Her
running time from dock to dock is dated at leu
days, eight hours and twenty riinutes, thus beat
ing all previous passages by several hours.
The Schltswig War. The protocol which
recognizes substantially all the leading views of
the Danish government, was signed in London
on Saturday, by nearly every foreign minister at
the Court of St. James.
A telegraphic dispatch dated Hambursh, 1st
instant, states that General Willisen has declared
that he will hold the Danish provinces responsi
ble for whateer may happen to those of the
Nn rhange had taken place in the position of
General Willisen had issued another proclam
ation, praising his troops, and declaring that
they cannot le driven from the soil of Schleswig
except by n second and third battle, and they will
be more Moody ihan the firsr.
The Danish force is estimated at 42.000 or
The ardor for the Holstein cause is said to be
abated nt and near Hamburg.
Advices Iroin Altou.i on the 5th states that a
collision between the Danish and Holstein ar
mies took jdace on r riibiy, near Moheda, which
resulted in the defeat of the Danes, llie loss is
inconsiderable on either side. Little doubt ex.
ists anion? well informed parties, but that hiher
powers will be Involved in the adjustment of this
dispute, before anything satisfactory or decisive
will lie done. Should diplomacy not succede,
ami in tne next iatne wenerai wnii?en lie vic
torious nnd cross the Eyder, Russia and Eng
land will probably interfere ; and should the
Danes triumph, and push into Holstein, the
Prussians and Hanoverians wili lie likely to at
tack them. Should it so occur that either Rus
sia or England fhall be compelled to interfere,
there is reason to apprehend a revolution in Ger
many, which her present rulers nicy be unable
We learn from Berlin, that nearly 200 officers
from various branches of ihe army, have gone to
join General Willisen ami the Holsteiners.
Under date of Berlin, August 3rd, we learn
that the question of a German Parliament nnd
constitution is ngain allowed io slumlier. nnd in
reference to the Danish ratifications, all hopes of
ineir success nre now nt an end, as Prussia and
Austria cannot come to any satisfactory adjustment
The ranks of the enemy were swelled bv ,
teers from every part of Germany, and J -
action with nil the exDerienr ,
Prussian General and ihe impetuous bra,,'
the Bavarian A on der Tann. The Dane, "
aione in ueience or their sovereign ni 7
country. llappy for ,ht piri, ,
Russian or Sweedih military auxiliaVv ' i, 1
uc uouor oi me victory. Their triu,.r,,hV
thanks-sivins are unnllnv.! I,. '
i.it .v ..ic ur,
-.. uuiisniioii even lo those who wished i
r V be moral rpo" of Europe, hi. U
faithft, illy annehed itself to , heir cause, Ua
needed to enable themselves to vindicate ,t
ruw .e u.gmry t n nation, theener,.
a lieotde. anil erpn ih- ... rZJ
, , ... ..,,,,,,,,-. U .
.... euri. ee oi me gione. Althouoh therf
this battle demonstrates the entire failure rf,
mediation which was intended to Lrin ihU r
pute to a close bv i.nclfi.. ? . 'k
ihe treaty of peace just concluded
II. IU III
in lierlia k
e immediate tfTect of Making the whl
't on the issue of nn- .Ti.. .
struggle Demnar. .m
'f llT" rel'"ed of ,he interference
m. ih. u i,..i. w uave lernif
. ..v. nine ijii'irrei.
In one respect this occurence is a repetition
the error committed in taJ .ft r n
11 Kaiictzkv hfli! nnt
s peace ny an imperf(
vented from dictatin
r "!"" upon nun ny other pou
after the retreat of the Sardinian nrmy, m 4
gust, 1343, the second campaign would notk,
been opent-d, and the battle of NWara woutll
have been fousht. So likewise, irtl,e Dane
not Ieen prevented, bv ill
In speaking of the cargo of the Gentoo in our
provements, the public might be the gainers, last, wo were misinformed in relation to her
without being burdened with the expense of
keeping them as is now loo much the case.
Killed bt a Shark. As a boat was pro
ceeding from the shore to the lown, nt anchor
outside, on Monday last, a sailor who had just
shipped on board, lost his hat overboard, and
plunged in to recover it. When a short distance
from the boast, be was observed plunging back
towards the boat, having been attacked by a
shark, that terrible enemy to the sailor. He was
first seized by the leg, which the voracious shark
failed to sever. He then swam ahead of the
man, and seizing him by the head, severed it in
an instant from his body. The surrounding wa
ter was instantly filled with sharks, who had
scented their prey, hut the boat escaped without
further loss. , This should prove a warning to
others not to trust themselver in the water near
the reefs of tropical islands where sharks are
numerous, and exceedingly voracious.
We have been unable to ascertain the name
ot the man who lost his life, but hear he was re
cently discharged from the " Win. Tell."
Since writing the above, we hav"e learned from
a person who was in the boat, that Lifor was
the cause of this man's losing his life. Having
indulged freely in drinking or shore he was led
to the fool-hardy act of plunging in afrer his hat,
and was too drunk to exercise cither skill or dis
cretion in the moment of danger. " Woe to him
that giveth his neighbor drink ! Fearful, in.
deed, is the responsibility of the rum-seller, when
blood will be required at his hands.
If an apothecary sells poison to a man' whom
he has every reason to believe will destroy bis
life with it, the law holds him responsible as
guilty of manslaughter. But rum-sellers are
daily employed in this disreputable business,
knowingly, willingly; nnd see their victims sink
ing almost daily into a premature and dishonor
ed grave, and have no compunctions, nor are
they held responsible. Strange inconsistency.
We hope our legislators will look to this matter,!
and follow the noble example of the State of
V iscnnsin, which holds rum-sellers responsible
for the evils their abominable traffic inflicts upon
individuals and the community. We should
like to know the opinions of those who are offer
ing their names for the suffrages of the voters
of this district at the coming election to Parlia
ment. Do they approve of stringent laws to
protect the community from the curse of rum
selling? . --;.
09 One million two hundred and sixty thou
sand Iriih have emigrated to the United States
having a steam-engine on board for the planta
tion of H. A. Pierce, &c, we have since learned
from one of the firm that this is not the fact,
that water power will be employed to drive the
mill, w ith which their plantation is well furnished
COThe Bill admitting California as a State
passed the Senate of the United States on the
ISth of August, 34 to 13.
The Bill establishing a territorial government
for New Mexico, passed the Senate on the 15th
ICJ Capt. Kellett, C. B.of H. B. M.'s ship
Herald, called upon the Minister of Foreign
Relations immediately on his arrival, w hich vis
it was returned by the Minister at the Consulate.
Lieut. Com. Thos. S. Page, nnd O. J. Wis
tar, Assistant Surgeon, accompanied by the
American Consul, made nn official call upon the
Minister of Foreign Relations on Thursday,
which was returned on Friday.
His Majesty has been pleased to approve of
the appointment of R. G. Davis, Esq., as Peru
vian Consul, in place of J. F. B. Marshall, Esq,
CO" We have received the ' Whalemen's
Shipping List," to August 6th, from which we
make the following extracts.
Oil and bone imported into the United States,
from Jan. 1st, to Aug. 5th : Sperm, 67,223 bbls;
whale, 180,324; bone, 2,723,400 lbs.
New Bedford Oil Market, August 5. 1850.
Sferm The demand is very moderate, but
the market continues firm and full
realized. We notice sales since our last of 300
bbls at l -i Cts per gallon.
Whale Continues dull and depressed, and
we have no transactions to report. The last
6ale were at 43a&3 cts, as to quality.
Whalebobe We have heard of no transac
lions in this marker. In New York sales were
made, at 3a cts for South Sea, aud N W Coast,
and 37 cts for Polar.
ICJA letter from Capt. Lakeinan. of bark
Alto, of this port, dated nt Mauritius, May 13,
reports the abandonment of the bark Geo. Por
ter, Ellis, of this port, on the 1st April, 1JJ50,
but gives no particulars, except that Capt. Ellis,
his officers, and a part of the crew, with the
cargo oi me tiark, consisting of 750 bbls up oil,
were on board ship Phenix. of New London.
which vessel would cruise one or two months.
and return home. The cooper of the Geo Por-
ler was on 1.0am me Alto. The letter also re
ports.Mnrch 25, no lat &.C., bark Bart. Gosnold,
Taber, New Bedford, with 1150 sp, 450 humn-
uum on. a no aho nau i iw bbls sp oil, or up
" Of TWO EVILS CHOOSE THE LEAST." This
short phrase has grown to the dignity of a max
im, but be careful how yon use it; in morals it
ehould never be quoted. Of two physical evils
you may choose the least; of two moral evils,
choose neither. -
SUM M A R Y..
We have fdes cf (Jalignnni's Messenger to ihe
31st July, from which we extract the following.
Sir RoIert Peel has leeii elected to Parliament
from Tamworth, and thus occupies the seat left
vacant by the sudden and melancholy death of
Scarlet dye is now manufactured from the
wax of the lac insect in the East Indies, to the
value of 500,000 yearly. The expensive coch
iueal is almost superseded.
Baron Rothschild was to take his seat in
i I..1IUIIII uii i uc oi iiuusr, as member lor
the City of London. Being a Jew, he was to be
sworn upon the Old Testament.
A letter from Hamburg of the 27th savs-
"After the combat ofthe 21th, and ihe battle of
the 2o:h, the Danish army was engaged in col
lecting the cannon, arms and materiel ltd on the
field of battle, in interring the dead, and in dress
ing the wounds of the wounded, of whom the
number, according to eyewitnesses, is very con
siderable. After heroic efforts, Colonel Von
der T aun succeded in disengaging his corps, and
in joining the army of Holstien, w hich was col
lecting under the wall of ihe fortress of Rends
burg. At two o'clock yesterday, th? different j
forces there assembled amounted to between 22 1
and 24,000 men. About 400 horses from the
artillery coming from Hanover, mid destined for
the army of Holstein. crossed the Elbe yester
day. Money nnd materiel of all kinds are being
sent in abundance to Holstein from most of the
Germanic States. It appears that the misfor
tunes and disasters that have been sustained, re
double ihe energetic enthusiasm of ihe German
populations. During ihe last two days a con
siderable number of wounded have arrived at
Altoua and the environs. It U at least consola
tory to humanity to see the sufferings ofthe vic
tims of this national war relieved by the care
and devotedness ofthe inhabitants of all classes,
and of all opinions. If the bulletin published
in Holstein are to be credited, 40.000 Swedes
nnd Norwegians combatted in the Danish army.
But these statements nre evidently erroneous; if
they were true they would be calculated to cause
serious complications. Part of the Swedish
and Norwegian troops that occupied Schleswig
before the peace of Berlin, hare, it apears ar
rived at Gulhenburg. Another part continues as
formerly announced, stationed at Fionia, nnd
nothing indicates that they are to take part in
the war. The unfortunate news received from
the Duchies, has caused a painful impression on
our population; business was yesterday generally
suspended. A considerable num!er of inhabi
tants of Schleswig of the German party, have
quitted the province, which is now entirely in
the possession ofthe Danish army. Up to two
o'clock yesterday afternoon, the Danes had no:
crossed ihe Eider, lo penetrate into Holstein."
Letters irom different part of Schlesw ig Hol
stein, in ihe German journals, represent that.
notwitnsiamiing tne defeat it has sustained, the
rrom followir.3 up tbeir victory of Frederic
the burdens of ihe intervening period. .i .l
rnghrful carnage of the late contest would h-u
been spared. The only service rendered to lL
J. . f ."" nas been the w ithdraw,
ofthe Pru.s;an regiments, ami the excision,
Germany from this quarrel, that indeed i
lierome inevitable, unless the allies of DtuimA
ami guarantees of her tprrii..r; w.r . i. ...
v IVC TV I I W t J,T-
an ntuve part in her supjwf.
J he military operation of ih. .i,
have leen ro.,d,..l i. " " 'J 7 IT"
-Kill and valor nn.l oi.i. i. .l. .
, , . - r " .Kit. na mil.
ho ly contended on both side bv the r..U
valorof the troop, the defeat of the HoUtrr
army seems to have been rendered iiieviinM,
ihe inferior ludirment nt th.; r:, .
. , . - tiiiwn leaner
..... - o w nam mey most relied. Tw
niKilinn (.r tha t-fl - .
' army in the uth-ttr
Eckentord and Schkswig on ihe roast t
small river called the Tree,,, flowing i
er y .,rec,on which bounded their extreme J
lbe Germans had shown no disposition tor
tempt the occupation of the disputed Durl
beyond these Im .ts. JJU, no "J
Danish com..,ander-m-chief General Von Krori
ascerta.ned the fact ofthe renewed invasion ,
Schleswig by ,he insurgents, than he proced
,teaddy and sdently to execute ihe idan of
campaign which seems to have been prena
with consummate ability, an.I performed w,-
equal precision and success. One Danish cwi
occupied ihe ,land of Fehmarn. or. .he i
- .-.. .v... , Krep me attention of tt
.rG.e., io mat side, ami possibly to eft I
a landmgmcaseof need, on the right flank J
the HolMem army The extreme right : f i
Danes advanced the whole length of the d JJ'
witnout opposition. The
114 to 1 J
;u l a.
ed the sK
a free on
"-- ' '-' miu-way uetwee the hi
... In ijn,ierlelen, Jn
r.w.re, and Flensburg, the Danish colors wn
haded with enthusiasm; and fro,,, the latter towr
the line of march deviated to the south-w est, or
he road to Husum, until it arrival on the lef
in oi iue a reene. on iv.i .u u. i ..
left w ing, under General Von Ar 'r -r;
evere skirmishes ensued on . ,temrt to forct
bulk of the Danish army was concentrated son
.: TreL '. n.e n?rth J feisned attack wai
Z 1" "0 "'remelefr,
...... , m.mi uoiy, and the DamU
mlantry, with n powerful park of artillery, lore
down withjrrcs.stdde gallantry on the centre of
,r,j, oeneral WiUwrn himself: the
battle was then fought for many hours with ex
treme tenacity on the direct road to the tow,, of
,s. 4 ue oermans were at length driet
back with great loss, and .Irhouch they assnt
" KiHM, oruer, ibe Laiieso-
questionably e,ered S hies wig that same night,
whilst the enemy withdrew even from EckW
V , r I "T1 l,cn ns thus ntonce
cleared ofthe invading force, and it remained
....uuuui wneiner tne Danish General would not
pursue his advantage by the occupation of fU
A- fnj rnte Te mr n,e that all ml
"J .I?." " '.r Pnrt of the Duchies is i
hel I hv iK K Ken"sbur? must at least k
held by the Kmg' troops, ami ,he provwio
government is probably dissolve,. Weeanie
i., .....i ,,o mistaken v.ew , of pacification ii
now be put forward to prevent the real practin
settlement ofthe question. It i a misfortune
nnd ,n every respect a disgrace, lhar this territk
I , nn r"J,e houM lt "'quire,! to distr.
...v ,..-.,.., , oerman ilemagogues, and
ru,,B ,u.r u,e wani resolution and i.l.mi .leal-
liiot nn t ha ... ff L.
u,r great powers of Eyroi
But since the Utile has been fought ami w.,n,te
Denmark and the world at least have the fmis
ot ,f, and let us hear no mnr nr - kui
I 1 . . . "
...... aouuuoneu Dy those who once rrofe
f ft its feat. I I
It hard to lay aside a dished delusion
and to witness ,h destruction of a poli.lywbici
had influenced the imagination of a enibusisw
people, bm th,s decisive even must bring bow
ihe conviction to everv .,r..r.. ..r
jut$ throughout Germany, that the rights of
the Duchies is by no means despaired independent, though small nation are not t!
of; nnd nn early renewal of hostilities was con- i disposed of by academic rausitrv' or bv nonulaf
, Hermans are bent on rcgan;ni
ins termination or the contest
The Government have received the following
dispatch from the French Minister, dated Athens
" Monsieur le Ministre, I have the honor to
inform you that the convention agreed upon be
tween the cabinets of Paris nnd London, nnd
destined to put nn end to the differences between
Greece nnd Great Britain, has just been signed
in my presence by the Minister of Her Britiannic
Majesty, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
King Otho. Immediately nfier the signature
M. Lomln declared to M. Wyse that he was
authorised to say that his Hellenic Majesty
would ratify the convention. I will send you by
the next courier a copy signed and ratified ofthe
convention in question.
Denmark awd ScHLtswiG-HoLSTti5-In our
last we announced the fact that a hattle had been
a ft t .
uiugai ueiween tne u.nes and the troop of
ccnieswig-noistein. As the affair was a bloody
one, and not yet terminated, we subjoin the
following that our readers may understand the
occasion of hostilities, nnd the position of parties
alter mat event. -
Since the fortune of war nnd nnmi;nnr
conflict were at last to terminate the dispute be
tween the crown of Denmark and the party who
had sought to throw off the allegiance of the
Duchies of Schleswij and Holstein. nvr v.a
the just cause of authority more Iriiimnhnnt lv
defended, never did a people rally with more gaf-
.....irj rouim ineir sovereign ami their standards,
and never were the intrigues of a foreign faction
which had fomented civil war in the iLmlnlAn.
of a neighboring nnd inoffensive State, more sig
nally defeated ami punished. The hatih of 1.1.
stedt, fought on the 25th of July, between the
Danish army commanded by its national chiefs,
and the insurgent nrmv fizhtinff under ih.nr.uP.
of its German officers, was accompanied by
every circumstance that could
of that hard-fought day to the Danish nation,
mm il(IP: IB
...emseives, we must say that such a h.in.iliaws
is entirely self-,,posed. No one in Europe, iJ
rttweially no one in this country, has 6hoBtnj
disposition to impinge on their rights, to contest
1 . mniui nu.iiiirirv. ai . l ...
i j " ' CT ' utT men j"
influence; but when any State, or any ecph
minus mat it can remove the land-marks of Eu
rope, an.I dictate single-handed lo its neigh&oe.
the common sense of justice, and the r,...m
interests of peace resist such aggressions. M
Y.....n..jr ii.... reauy intended, as Some of bet
iiscreet champions have ventured to assert, ft
fling her legions into this contest, &m would ha
miurrcu me caia:;i,e3 and guilt of a
war , without an ally. She more wiselrst
..,, ana repressed a sympathy shadiJ
fleet to conceal. The result proves that
ui lunuuure loreeoi the Duchies, bulb?'
improper interference of Germany, that the r
udi aione ,een protracted to this day,
all the evils that those provinces have emlnr
rest upon the head of those reckless aeitato"
.. lv- I I - - 1 .. ' P.
" succeeoeu in misieaiimg public opinion
Germany on ibis question. On the part of C
...... , .nt ru.iiis anu sunenngs or a gallaatw
lion have been gloriously rewarded; ami tbo4
the time is now come when the ri"bts of
ina iK eniorceu without further cont
lion, we hope they will be accompanied
instil uttons, not only calculated to preserre
union of the D anish nmn.irrh Uitt tn M-ureiV
liberties nnd lht SifTsrf inns rt Pma eaaiI iWlt ftfr
Meservmg people. London Times.
Mauritius. The following, from the Mah
tius Times, of April 2Jhh, will show the amou
of the sugar crop for the present year. t
medium valuation, the value ofthe sugar WP""
will come up to five and a half millions of
lars, and syrup and other exports will swell &
gross sum to full six mill.ons. Why ess
these island equal, or exceed even this sum '
Since oar last issue on tbe 16th ultimo, a
Br p A
Br ar k I
Am h H
Am h '
Br bk R
Am tp 1
Am bk Re.
Do t or
Am bk M
. Do Jan
Am ahp Si
Ant abp Be
Br bk Fit i
Am aha Ti
An. bk Ch
Am acb T
Do K H
A3 bk W
. ia; s
tl. . .