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THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER, 2, 1850.
omnibus lines of the city of New York have
not been able to sustain their losses, and are
beginning to use mules as less liable by far
even to accident as well as disease 1 his
results from the next consideration, which is
3. Mules have organs of vision and hear
ing far superior to those-of the horse. Hence
they seldom sheer and frighten, and run off".
A horse frightens because he imagines he
sees something frightful, but a mule, having
superior discernment, both by the eye and
ear,' understands everything he 'meets, and
therefore is sate. For" the same reason he is
surer footed, and hence moie valuable in
mnnnmmi. rocrmns. and on dangerous
'. roads. I doubt whether. on the Alpine paths 1
a mule ever made a mis-step. He may nave
been deceived ia the firmuess of the spot
' where he set his foot, but not in the propriety
of his choice, all appearances considered. -4.
The mule is much more hardy than the
borss. A pair of these animals, owned by
a neigfibor of mine,- although small in size,
will plough more land in a week than , four
horses. Their faculty of endurance is almost
llONOLULU, NOVEMBER 2, 1850.
HonoLttLC, Reai- Estate. Valuable Real
Estate is almost daily changing hands, at prices
which wn'ulil Lave astnni-died people two years
ago. The premises of Wm. French, Esq., one
of the best business stands in Honolulu, have
been recently sdd To Mr. May, from California.
With such Irail.liHg as the lot is worthy of hav
ing erectcif upon it, we know f no more desir
able property in" town, nor a.uy which would
afford a better iucoiuc to the owner in rents. -
We notice also that a bit ha been sold from
thoVe recciiiTy " offered by Messrs. Starkey, Jau-
ion and Co. 111 troni oi incroiynesian uiucr,
ami that a large three-story' buihfing is lieing
erected upon it, to be occupied above us n
Auction Room, and below as a Store. . :
There is a great demand for premises con-
tiguous to tne water, Ir commercial purposes,
which the increasing business of .Honolulu,
atul the probability f 'stcam communication
5. Another verv important fact is, that in ."J -c estau.leneu iinpcm
the matter of food' a mule will live and thrive The present amount .f wharfage is entirely mi-
on less than one half it takes to keep a horse.
The horses of England at this present time,
-are consuming grain that would save the
lives of thousands of British subjects.' In a
national point of view, the agricultural is so
great, that the" greater the demand for grain
of all kinds,' the better for the farmer. But
yet individual farmers Vho are in debt, and
whose land is not improved, would" find it
orofitable iii the course of ten years; to have
the labor of a full team, and save one-half;
and more, of the. food necessary to keep it
: up,, as might be the case in substituting
mules for horses. New York Farmer and
The Iro.n Shoes of the Mac'Doxalds.
About the period of. the accession of James
- I, to the throne of Scotland, a degree of fe
rocity and cruelty existed in certain free
booters which are never found in more recent
times. " A robber named Mac Donald, head
of a band in Ross-shire, had plundered a
poor widow, who in her anger exclaimed re
peatedly, that she would go to the King for
redress, should she go to Edinburgh to seek
: him. It i9 a long journey,", said the bar
barian, "and that you may perform it the
better, I will have you shod for the occa
. fiion." Accordingly he caused a smith to
nail shoes to the poor woman's feet as if they
'-had. been those of a horse. The widow,
S however, being a woman of high spirit, de
termined to keep her word; and as soon
as her wounds permitted her to travel,
did actually go on foot to Edinburgh, and
throwing herself before James, acquainted
him with the cruelty that bad been execrts
ed upon her. ' James, in great resentment,
caused Mac Donald end twelve of his princi
. pal followers to be seized, and to have their
feet shod with iron shoes; in which painful
condition they were exhibited to the public
for three days, and executed.
. Gold "Mixing Virginia. Mr. Wil
liams, the manager of the Culpepper gold
! mine' on the Rapid Ann river, about seven
..ten miles from Fredericksburg, has given
to the New York Tribunea statement of the
-result cf b?3 operations during the last seven
weeks. He is working twelve oiauip heads,
. and two Chilian mills, with twenty-four men,
mostly blacks, at. a weekly expense of$120,
to which $39 may be added for wear and tear
.and other incidentals, so that the entire out
lay is $150 per week, making $1050 in all,
as the cost of the seven weeks working. The
product babeen 3,400 dwts. of gold, worth
3,39fl7'or der three dollars return for every
cl'Jtt fcitrre-ii! expenses. At a cost of not
mawiftarr 10,000 the extent of operations
. a$d profits might be quadrupled. ; "And this,
fecit observed, includes no lucky wind-fall?,
"mrbat is the product of simple, straightforward,
ievery-day mining. - The advantages of this
' mine over others are breadth 01 vein, height
01 back elevation above the point where the
vein is now opened, and an abundance of
.-available water-power; but even these may
be rivalled by other localities, while the ores
. of several are richer in gold. For careful,
, solid," business-like investments in mining, it
were idle to go to California; there are bet
. ter prospects on Lake Superior, in Virginia,
land in other localities on this side of the
Mississippi." ; . .
1 " f Importation of Gold. In the " Com-
' rnercial Chronicle and Review,' contained
in the August number of Hunt's Merchants'
Magazine, it is stated that the arrivals of gold
at the Philadelphia Mint from California and
. ' elsewhere, during the past eighteen months,
is $16,953,303. This, with the amount
" coined at New Orleans, and other branches,
makes over $20,000,000: and probably with
-'; the amounts brought by the Philadelphia,
Georgia, and Cherokee, not less than $27,
.000,000 have reached us within eighteen
7 months. In the same time, $12,500,000
-v were imported from abroad, on custom house
books, and if we add the usual estimate for
'".immigrants, the amount is $52,000,000: an
.incredible sum when we consider how little
: its presence has been appreciated. Buffalo
U Courier. ' -
. -. No less than three separate translations of
' Macauley's History of England, are now is
suing from the German press, f . .
' "Loss or as Ijdiaman a? a FecycH Gcs
; , BaiG05E HCND8ED PEBSOSS DROWSED. Let-
tenf have been received at Lloyd', from Aladra
" and Martinique, roiuinutficaiin; tint mehurholy
intelligence of the log of an liuliHinnn, the Suli-
.. mary, from 'Bombay, bound to England, and of
. the w reck of the rrrueh Kepuultcan war bnp
L'Aile, 14 puns, both of which were attended
with frightful loss f life. The Sulinmry, Iif
diaman, wa riding at anchor off the coast, and
r " encountered, on the fourth' "f May, a dreadful
- Rale of wind, 111 the height of which she parted
from her anchor, and was driven ashore, when
- the splendid hir soee.iilv.tecaine a complete
wreck. An attempt was made to S.ve the paa-
wners, r whom there wero several, lv jncans
, of the boats. They were, however, quickly de
stroyed by the fury of th sei, art I ujiwardi of
. forty, iaclurling the captain, his w ife, nnd thirty
- ' three seamen, perished. Another Indiaman,
-- nemed the Guua,was driven atdtore at the same
; tinf and became a wreck. ' The crew of the
vessel were more fortunate; tbey were all saved.
The log of both vessel, in iaid to exceed 50,-
000. The sad calamity to the L'Apile happen
ed on the lOib of June. She was suddenly over-
taken In. a heavy itquall, and almost instantly
. enpsized and went down. Her crew and officem
amounted to ixty inen. With the exception of
iwo, eyery boui met n watery grave. !
; : CyTherc is a My in Cincnmati, i ho has hist
f three husbands by death within ten month, and
is now engaged to a fourth.' ' ' "x
occurred yesterday afternoon at 4 o'clock, at the
White Hall, Commercial Street, the same build
in;, and the ame room, we.believe, in which
Afr. - Montgomery died... The deceased has left
a wife and family in Ohio. He was attended by
Dr. M. P. Burn?, w ho rendered every service
w bU-h medical .-kill rould dictate.
adequate to the wants of every day, while most
mercantile houses are quite too much cramped
for room for out-door storage.
In view of this fact, we would again urgently
call the attention of the government to the ex
tensive facilities," now lying entirely useless,
occupied by the' dilapidated- fort, and all along
the water .front of the harbor on both sides, to
the eastward and westward.. Here is room for
several streets, and a large number of first-rate
lots, fur the purposes of commercial business;
and could they lie immediately snrveyed, and
offered for .sale, they would not only add greatly
to the convenience of the merchants, but. be n
source of considerable revenue to the govern
ment. . " "
An Act was drawn up to be eulmitted to the
Legislature at its late session providing for these
improvements; and we very much regret thatJ
time did not admit of. its consideration and pas
sage. The principal features of that Act were
suggested by one of the most competent engi
neers w ho has ever vijMd-these islands, and
are upon an extensive and comprehensive plan,
worthy of the government, and the occasion
which demands immediate action.
We are not at liberty to publish the Act al
luded toj as it was not submitted to the Legis
lature, but from the preamble, the prominent
features can be .readily inferred, which was in
suHPtance as follows: . .
Whereas, the Fort of Honolulu was left a dis
mantled wreck in August last, and stands on a
locality badly chosen, and is in itself, altogether
useless as a protection to the port, or place of
defence; and stands in the way of public im
provements: Whereas, the increased commerce
of the port requires increased wharfage,, nnd
sites for stores,' warehouses, &c., and by filling
up the'reef to seaward of the Fort to deep water
line, from Robinson & Cu's. wharf, to the east
ern point of the harbor, a line of wharfage of
great length, and an extensive area fit for streets
of warehouses, merchants offices, con I yards,
&c, would be gained; and whereas another line
of wharfage and stores may be easily, gained on
the west ide by filling up the shallow, between
the point of land westward of the river, round to
the western point of the harbor, by w hich opera
tion on both sides, the harbor would be converted
into an immense wet dock, capable of containing
several hundred ships, Sic
As we had not, till now, any knowledge of this
Act, we'ftre much gratified to find that its provi
sionsare in such accordance with our own view s
of the subject; but the Act goes further than we
bad conceived, which is the result of engineering
knowledge that grasped, at once, the whole idea
as feasible and practicable, and which we hope
will find favor with the government and with
the business community.
Pending the meeting of the Legislature we
conceive the Trivy Council fully empowered to
take the matter up, and order preliminary siir
veys, plans Rnd estimates to be made out, and
the work commenced without delay; and we
hope to see it done at once.
' Oregon. By a law 'recently "passed by the
American Congiess, laud is giren, without price,
as follows: . -"'v.
Tha quantity "of one half, section, or three
hundred and twenty ncres of land, if a single
man, and if a nmrried man, or if he thall be
come married wilbin one year from the first day
of December, eighteen hundred nnd fifty, "the
quantity of one sect ion, or six hundred and forty
acres, -one-half "to himself ami the other half to
his Wife-, to !e held by her in her own riphf.and
the urveyor-g,Herl shall designate the part in
uring to the husliahd and that io the wife, and
enter the" same on the records of. his office, and
no .interest in the pan so held by the wif in her
own right, sbjdl he lint.le for, or subject to sale
upon the debts of her husband-; tind in all rases
where such mnrried.personshave complied with
the provisions of thisact,so "as to entitle 1 hem to
the grant as above provided, whcihcr under the
late provisional gctvernmenfof Oregon, "or. Vmce,
nnd either shall have died before pnienl issues,
in survivor nnd children, or heirs of the ileceas-
ed, Oall he entiilpd to the share'or -interest .of
the deceased in equal. proportions', except where
the deceaesd shall otherwise dispose ,pf it hy tes
tament duly nnd properly executed according to
the laws of, Oregon. - . . ? "
This" bV just, bdt liberal reward to the
pioneers of that distant territory, who first struck
out from ihe civilized and inhabited world, to
people the savage tracts! bordering upon the
broad Pacific; and richly have they merited this
bonus from the "government. But whaf was a
bleak howling wilderness twelve years ago.now
begins to hud ami blossom as the rose; the white
sails of commerce now crowd her ports, and the
magic-moving "steamer now plows the bosom of
her rivers, where but recently .nothing but the
"light canoe" disturbed their peaceful slumbers.
Oregon is. moving forward. . with- rapid and
6teady progress towards wealth and greatness;
and if no gold mines happen to be discovered
withinlier borders, will, in a few years, become
n 'nonulous State, haviu' all the elements of
1 . . , o
greatness within herself. "
Education, agricultural -.and commercial en
terprise, (if they wilUet gold-hunting alone,)
will there ha've ample scope to develope n great
and happy people unirammeled by" many of the
hindrances that beset the path of her "faster"
YEcr of the Charles Drew. Immedi
ately on learning a ship was ashore, a boat was
despatched from the Dolphin, under command
of Lieutenant Fox, and soon got alongside,
Lieutenant V. found everything in confusion, but
the command being given to bini, he soon com
menced restoring things to order. -The crew of
the Charles Drew behaved in-a most shameful,
and unworthy manner. They commenced lu ing
ing tip their chests, and collecting together their
effects, and were for deserting the vessel at once;
and nothing but a determined spirit on the part
of Lieutenant Fox, prevented tbem from this
dastardly conduct. ' ' ''''
Great credit is due to Lieutenant Mc Guire,
of H. B.M. ship Herald, who immediately. re
paired on loard w ith al.irge boat and numerous
crewf and at once proffered his services in assist
ing the ship, t " . ;;' -s v- ;iv
.At great risk to his boat," w hich was the largest
alongside, he took out an anchor, and assisted
in getting down the yards,, and upper inasts,thus
relieving the hu "from" much -of her heavy
thumping. This act from the English officer
is highlypraiiuworthy? ami merits the highest
commendation, which i( certainly receives from
njl in this" community. . . '
-Much praise is also due to Captain Lane', and
others, who rendered their aid on the occasion;
nnd it is to be regreted that the prompt exertions
of so many experienced nautical gentlemen -did
not save the ship; but she was too hard aground,
with the wind abeam, to get her off. She drew
fifteen feet water, and. there was only twelve
feet found, which shows that she was pretty
hard-on, nnd. the attempt to get 1 ber off neces
sarily a hot cless one; - - ' .'V '
The wreck, as now lying on the reef, was sold
on the 80th ultimo, to Messrs, Coatly & Co.'j for
thirteen hundred and fifty dollars.
PRICE XURREST JH OREGOH ClTT.
Apple dried per lb - ..75
PeacHe " ... - 1,00
Beef remit at market - . - - - , 15
I'ork ierjh . . ' - " - 16 a
Buiirr per lb - - i - - 1,0
lieeve per lb . -', - 75
no'irpercwt - 7 50 ..
prbbl -'- - . -' 15,00
Graiu whesrper bnhel , - ' -I.f.O a"
oat per bti.b . - 2,50 -
tiai. h-l", pr ioz - ' 8,00
Grcx-eries foffi-e ptr lb -- . . - . 20 a
ug(ir, brown, pet lb m- 3u a
'-'-augur, loaf-' - - - - 75"
. tea - - - - - - 1.00 a
- "-. . 'mol".-aP per gallon - - 1,75
ayrnp per gallon "
titinc.cn per lb - - : ' 37 a
; -'rtceperlb - . . 15
Ejg. ptr da -' , ' - - - : 50 a
La ni, per lb ... . 40 -
fall, per cwt " - . . - ' 6,00 a
Oil. linaeed, per gallon - . .' 5,rt)
GUa per litOf bos.8 by 10 - - 6,00
lobjria- - - 7,0
Iron per lb - - ... 12 a 20
-NaiUprlb -' - - - " lb a 2(1
(JooLiiiK ioea- .' - . 6f,00 a IiO.Oj
Lumber, per M . - .. - .... 1 5ut0 a 6'JfijJ -
This is preity well up, for- a new country,
especially foe the productions of the country. - .
The hrig Duvid Henshaw, Newell, arrived at
Portland, hence, on the 2d of September.
Cholera ik'Saw Fkaitcisco. -This terrible
scourge has at length reached the borders of the
Pacific, and we know of no reasons why it may
not be brought to these islands, where its advent
would be the signal for a degree of mortality
hitherto, we fear, unknown here, although the
nation has been decimated by (he measles ;and
whooping cough. If it can be conveyed across
the Atlantic; as it has been, and from Panama to
San Francisco, a voyage of twenty dnys, "wliat
Is to prevent its being conveyed hither,' the
voyage occupying but about a fortnight?
If anything can be done to arrest its fearful
course, should it arrive; not a moment's delay
should be allowed, in taking every precaution
rhe case will admit, before it is amongst us.
Sanitary measures should be -immediately com
menced and rigorously prosecuted, to counteract
its malignity ; for we fear the native-haltits are
such, and their constitutions so thoroughly "filled
with disease, that a' remnant would scarcely be
left, should it once commence its ravagesv .
A vigilai;t inspection ought to be inatfe of all
veesels arriving from" California, and the strict
est quarantine regulations enforced, in case the
disease is oir board. A loard of health should
be at onre organized. Honolulu, and nil other
towns should be thoroughly cleaiiscdand'purified;
the natives, ami foreign- residents, ; generally,
should be required to purify-their respective
ireunicsa conimoamus hospital provided, and
every other preparation "taken thai experience
ami forethought can devise, "to prepare for the
serious emergency. Habits of the strictest tem
perance should be practised by individuals, for
it is a well known fact that by far the greatest
proportion of the victims of the cholera are from
among the vicious and intemperate. ' Drunkards
are usually it chosen prey, w hile no class is
exempt. , . - ,
: The following from the Alta California of the
1 0th tilu. is our authority. n '.-
A wot her Case or Cholera. We announced
the death, from Cholera, yesterday, of a Mr.
Montgomery of Ohio, - w ho arrived here in the
steamer Carolina, on Monday, last, and we are
now railed upon to record the death, from . the
same dreadful disease, of Mr. Erastu Belden,
also froni ' !hio, and a passenger by the Carolina.
ThedeceasW was apparantly in good health
ontil twelve hours previOQS to bis death, which
NAVAL.'Ihe following is a list of the officers
of the U. S. sloop of war "Fulmouth,".now at
Hilo, Hawaii. . -7 '" ; .
' Commander, Thomas Petigru. . -
Lieutenants, .Henry Moor, Geo.' M. White,
Geo.W. Harrison, CbasV S. McDonough.
. Surgeon, David Harlan
Purser, Jno. Y. Mason.
Lt. of Marines,-Jno.. S.' Devlin. "..'
" Master, Henry S. Newcomb. , .
- AssXSurgeon, Francis M. Ginnell. .
Pass'd Mid'u, Peter Vager, Win. KBridge.
Midshipmen, Ed. T. Spadden, Win. McN.
Armstrong, David B. Harmony, Juo. N. Quuck
etibush. . .
Ca'pt's Clerk, Chas. J. Porcher.
Boatswain, Charles' Johnston. .
Gunner, A. F. Thompsonr
Carpenter, Lewis Holmes.
Sail Maker,' Lewis Rogers. ". v
- Postage. VVe are frequently disked what the
postuge On Newspapers is from San Francisco
to any part of." the Union via. New York.. It is
four and a half cents on each paper.. - The post-
office regulations require papers to be prepaid,
except those from the office of publication. ' We
have been informed by the postmaster at-San
Francisco, that all papers forwarded" from our
office are mailed without prepayment of postage
being required. . .'."'- '-
. Mails. The schooner Penolope will sail this
day,' (Saturday), at Two o'clock," p. in. '.Letters
and papers left at the Polynesian- Office to be
forwarded by . her," should be banded - in before
that hour, as xhe letter-bag will close , at Two
The bark Auckland will' also sail this After
noon for HongrKong," Letters, and packages
reft at the counting room : of B. F. Snow or at
this Office, w'ilf be despatched.
.Pesal. Code. The English portion of the
Penal Cole, w ill be ready foe delivery," in book
forni, on Monday next. Copies can be obtained
at the Polynesian Office: .'Tbe native: edition is
not yet published. . - Z'' ;
CiLiroRKiA Market?. October 10th. : An
active business is going on -in sales of general
tnerchaudise. Flour has further advanced: sales
of Chile at $27 and $23 in 200 lb. sack. H ax
el! and Galhgn, oweet.- has Wen sold at $19
to $20; sour at $15 to some extent Sugar has
become more firm; regular sales to a great ex
tent. A small cargo of Teas just arrived, has
leen old nt $1 50 per lb. Mess Beef Is higher;
and ,.Pork has lxeu sold nt our highest quota
tions, $23 for Mess. " Molasses have again ad
vanced, and sales have been 'made at $1.S5.
There has been less doing in Liquors. Grain
sells readily at full rates. .Good styles of Cloth
ing have met ready sales at a handsome advance.
Domestics are regular with a good stock in the
;narket.' Money is not unusually scarce for
mercantile purposes. ' ; '
Professor Webster. We are assured "tip
onjeood authority, one who professes to know,
that Professor WelMer has made another and
full confession, in which he ndmits the premedi
tated murder of Dr. Parkman, thu falsifyins
his previous .statements. ; This confession u in
the hands of the authorities.but will not be made
public until after the execution. '
-The London Daily News has a very interest
ing notice of Mr. Fillmore. We notice that it
is exceedingly unprejudiced in all its comments
upon American affairs. It should receive the
patronage of our merchants -and statesmen as it
is the only journal in Europe that has really any
correct notion of our commerce or politics. -
Tramping, or vagrant livggarism, relieved at
night by the Union houses, has Iteen nearly put
an end to in England by enforcing two rules:
first no Iteggars shall have lodgings w ithout first
undergoing purification with soap" and water;
and the other, that their clothes shouM leseach
ed for hidden coin. In a single day after the
change of regulation," the application foroight
lodging fell off one-half.
We perceive that Mrs. Fanny Kemble Butler
has commenced giving readings in Shakspeare
at St. James' Theatre, London.
The Ministerial White Bait dinner took place
on the 3rd of August. v .
. An Italian and Frenchman, who had just re
turned from California with $15,000 in gold dust,
were recently roblied in London while they were
spreeing it " at Vauxhall Gardens.
The great building for the English Industrial
Exhibition of-lS4l, is to be manufactured at
Steamers to Australia are talked of in London.
The great bull of Nineveh, excavated- by Dr.
Layard, is on its way to London. .
The Nepaulcse embassy is about to return to
India. . ' '
The London lllused News has a neat en
graving of the Lake Erie steamer Griffith before
she was burned. ' "..;.""
. A priest at Casale", at Piedmont, bavins per-
su.-ided'many silly men and women that he was
Christ, was taken up by the authorities, and
sentenced to ten years exile.1
Hnynau has sent to his government a defence
of his conduct, a ferocious as his own adminis
tration of the affairs of Hungary. . .
A . few .cases' of Cholera had appeared nr
.The Lakes of, Killarney have unusual
number of visiters the present season. -
In looking over the prices of fruits ia Covent
Garden Marker, we find the fallowing 'quota
tions at late dates: Straw (terries, 16 cts. per
basket; Tlot-house grapes 87 rents per lb. ; Pine
Apples $1 25 to $1 75 ; peaches $4 50 per lb. j
Melons $1 each. -
The London Historic Times says Mr." Law
rence, our Minister at London, sides ne"nly with
the rrotectiomt, although in their decadence.
.The Liberal English papers are very laudatory j
of the enterprise f the Americnns, in haVing-al-1
ready secured all ihe practical-te routes of transit
between the Atlan.ic and Pacific.
The new Bishop of Montreal has been conse
crated at Westminster Abbey. - v m ,
The owners of the Viceroy were fully insured.
Sir E. L. Bulwer has come out a protectionist.
'Noiseless carriage: wheels are 'now maJe by
covering the tire with bands of . vulcanized ca
touche. ... v' - : - . J" -
Ther are 12,000 s political prisoners in the
Roman States. " " . ' -
The decree organizing the administration of
justice in. J ransylrama appeared at v ienna on
lho23rd. Tw o hundred and nine -condemned
Hungarians have leen pardoned by the emperor.
One of the'French iournals state that Ahd-el-
Kader is nlKiut In Iw removed from the chateau
ofAmboise to the chateau of Meaudon.
The news from Athens of the 8th July, of the
miai arrangement with England, was received
by. all parties with unltounded joy,
1. We learn from Captain Wood of the schooner.
Mary Elzaleih, "which arrived here this morn
ing that a brother of the Governor of Port-auw
Prince has been taken out,, by the. Governor's
orders, and publicly shor, for speaking openly
against the Governor and his proceedings. .The
fratricide took place on the 18th ultimo. .
ICTThe Board of Trade returns for the month
ending the 5th of Julyhow an increase with ihe
Corrcspondintinonth of Inst year. - The aggre
gate value of exports during the first half of the
present year-has been 31,778,544 showing an
increase of JE5,263",065, us compared with the
corresponding periods of 1849. '
K7 The;American Minister, lady and damn?
ter, nre on n visit to the Duke and Duchess of
i i i . . - , . , .
Aim luuuiucriumini AinwicK castle.
Police or Pasama. On account of the fre
quent roberies, assassinations, etc. committed in
and about Panama, the following address was
submitted to the Governer, on the subject, and
praying for relief. .''
To the Gov. or the Paovisce o Panama.
Sir: The undersigned, mgaged in com-
nercial transactions nt Panama, resjectfully
That large sums of money and valuable gools
are committed to their hands, for exchange, safe
keeping, and transit across the Isthmus;
That before the emigration to California had
commenced there was little or no rit-k of lift) or
property from robbers or theives:-.
-'That since the emigration Ut California has
commenced bail men have come to this place for
the purpose of theft nnd robbery : .
- VI hat numerous thefts, robberies, murdcrs.and
other acta oP violence have "occurred during the
last six months:
That in no one instance has an assassin been
brought to iustice, aiul lhat ju'a very few eases
has stolen money been recovenuior the robber
punished: "- ' v . -
That acts of violence are daily committed in
the streets of Panama, disgraceful to a christian
or civilized community : ' '. -. .
That these acts of violence have been unpun
ished by the laws: - Sr , "
That the undersigned pay ;i" large portion
of i he taxes collected for the support of the gov
ernment: v - '"-''.
That tbey have been compelled to defend the
property committed to their.: trust at it great
cost : , -' " ' - - '
That it is the duy of the eovernment to put a
stop to the violence, theft, robltery, and murder,
and to protect its peaceable inhabitants: ,
Thai when a" government is unable to do this
it becomes necessary, as a last resort, to enforce
peace ami order by what is called Lynch Law:
That to prevent a resort to by itch Law, the
undersigned have .set forth the' foregoing facts,
and request that a good and efficient police be
established in this province", of sufficient force
and encrsy to prevent, in - future, such outrages
as have during the past six months been of fre
quent ccurrence. .
All of which is respectfully submitted by -.
ZACHR15SON, NELSON & CO.
GARRISON & FRETZ. '
B. F. FOLGER. -
. ..HENRY TRACY.
. '. C FORBES. . -
; GUTJER, MORA &. CO.
' E. St J. SERRUYS &. CO. .
PEDRO N. MERINO. .
' E. & J .LEFEBRE.
SEW ALL St CO.
rRUN RUNNELS &' CO. ' .
- A later'announcement says, "We fearn with
pleasure that the governor has .organized a po
lice for this city', which, although small, it is
hoped will prove" effective and adequate to the
wants 'of the community , ; It is under command
ofSenor Ferdinand Espinar, who will employ
Americans as his first ami second. assistants." . .
an average consumption per head higher tb
that of any other foreign country."
I be A mencans are, therefore, our best fn,.-
customers, individually, if we may so speak- if
they are also by far our lesl customers rv-Ji
them as a nation. While the? took ni.. .1
lions and n half worth of our productions iaia.
all Northern and Western Europe, from Ru
to France, took but twelve millions; the Sun
of Europe, with the whole of ihe MediterranJ
trouv rortugal to Morocco, but eight miij
and a" half ; and South America, with .Mej'
considerably . under six millions. Theaven,
amount of exports from the United King!!,,'
France during the five years ending with 13
was JE2,S4d,45S; to Germany for the same
of, X6,t0I,S?3; and to Italy X2,733,55L h
clear, therefore, ih.tt no nation takes so inufi J
our commmiiues as me umte states, even r1'
rotating their consumption, on the average of
years. Taking the amount of their consui.
tion of 1841, viz: nine millions and a half,
stilt find the States consuming less ihan a qUn.
trr.tif our-exports, while we "consumed ir.
than two thirds of the whole of theirs in the,,,,
year, amouutinsr in value to more than 27 Oft
000 sterling. Morn. Herald. '
.. Patse's Light. This crack -discovery
which appers to have almost gone out, "seems
still to be flickering in the socket, and may blaze
up again after all. While agents of Gas Com
panies, chemists, etc., bare pronounced it a
humbug, we now. again find its author on the
defensive, and half promises, in due time, to re
veal the "whole thing." "..,"
-The Htdro-Electkic Light. The Provi
dence Journal contains a letter from IlemVM.
Payne, dated at Worcester, August 18. in which
be refers to the late experiments of the officers
of the Const Survey, substantiating "the truth rtfj
his discovery, as.a sufficient vindication, ami
beiles, in relation to the Committee of Chem-j
is!s,"&c, who opjiose his discovery, 4he reason,!
he says, whyihey pursue the course 'they do
1. i . .1. . . 1 . ..
wwanij 111111, is, inai tne sn-caued scienlini:l
men.'! of all ages h 1 ve doubted the discoveries
of practical men; ho have discovered all new
inventions; and further he concludes by stating:
. "Another and very important reason why sci
entific men s-bould not be allowed to act in .such
an important discovery as litis s, they are so no
torious as a lndy for their, in inventor parlance,
penchant to pirate. .
- "No new idanet, 00 agent for the amelioration
of human suffering, no new law in tlectricity, or
otherdiscovery is made, but that the moment the
I eat 11 res are made known, they all claim to have
discovered it at once, "or each knew it before the
other. In such a cabal all identity of my discov
ery would soon be lost, and some ; Professor
would eventually step forth," presuming 011 the
high dignity of his. scientific attainments, and
frown my , pretensions into oblivion.'
; fThere are other Teasons of a pecuniary na
ture which forbid the publication of the discov
ery, rational as yet, and anion!; them the most
prominent is Ihe fact, that experiments are being
made Avith the element of the discovery in a far
more important branch than light or heat. Thispi
mm the announcement that our foreign patents
are not yet issued, although in their due course
through the offices, I trust will lie sufficient ex
cuse, now the most important and most denied
portion of the discovery as regard light has been
substantiated, for not explaining the "whole
thing." - , . ; . ...
America Esgli.id's Best Customer. TJie
value of the produce and manufactures of Great
Britain nod" Ireland for the'vear 1348 was a little
above 247,000.000," a ml. of that amount nearly
195,000,000 w orth was consumed at home, and
!3,000,00fl worth in our colonies, making ti
.dt.... r.in-i nnn nnn .1 . . ..
r""' " ..uj,i'uv,uuy, iir IHCrrraiMlUIS- Willie me
1 whole aioount exported to all the foreign rnmu
tries of the world was not much more lhali 39.-
000,000; that is to say, in round numbers, eizhtv
er cent, ot our w iio manuractures were Ixiught
in the home market, five percent In the colonnil,
and fifteen in the foreign the whole of the for
eign nations of the- world thus purchasing less
lhan'onesixth of the productions of Great Bri-:r. !
a caicui.uum 01 tne average CQjiMimptibrr per
head at . home, iq '.he colonies. and in foreign
countries, affords some curious results. Taking
the population of the United Kingdom at 31,
000,000, and the whole consumntion ut 134.
213,151, we get an average consumption or6
5s . 4il perliead.v Calculating: the population of
an iorein countries to ivhirb
... I ... n . . . gn . ....
tX7"It is said that the Great Britain steamship
has been, purchased for 25,000, and she is to
run with passengers on the Pacific between Pa
nama and San Francisco. . ' "T .
- j- . . - - "-.',-
tXTT The question relative to Baron Roths
chilli's taking his seat in .the House of Commons
ha been postponed to the nexteession, when the
Ministers are to introduce a new bill upon the
subject; :: - it , ';
' ICf The House of Commons have, by large
majority .granred the present Duke of Cambridge
a pension of r2,000 perannmn.; T- -
CO" The Queen and Court are to leave Lon
don for Scotland on the 23 1 inst.. previous to
which her. Majesty was expected to prorogue
Parliament in person. ' ", .
CO;The composition of the new 'Cabinet at
Washington is regarded, by the leading'English
press, w ith much favor. ' ; t - .
' Opium. In 1756 the opium-trade of China
was prohibited by the emperor. :At that tinie
the annual import was about. tjOOQ chest,"' At
present it, is iwary 50,000 chests, or 7,000,000
pouudst It is estimated to destroy 100,000 lives
annuallv - ' -
.inu.j.iitrn m oi,oai,uuu ami tneir consump
tion at 33,430,481, we get an annual cousumt
tnm per head of 1 a 3 1-2.1. or les th in ih Qath
part of the British consumntion tier hp.nl
If we take (he population of the British colo
nial possessions at 113,700,200. and theircon
sumption ar $12,819,345, and add them to the
home j.opulation and consumption, te arrive al
an aggregate of 149.000.000 soiils. and Broi.h
consumption of 207,632,1 15, or. ari average of
1 -7s lid per head. If, in the calculatton of
the loreijrn average, we deduct theiopulation of
ll'"a' Av,,,ch a,,,outs to the formidable tmirf of
233,000,000, Sve, shall raise the-average-of
If, on the other hand, we exclude from our colo'l
uwi iaiie toe r.ast linlies.wiih their 114,000 000
nnd exports- amounting to 5,077,247, as a' set
off against China, we leave for the United King
dom ami the colonies a population of 34,914 200
consuming on an average 5 1 6s per head of all
the productions of Great Britain; in other words,
more than 52 tunes the average of the foreigners'
at the higher calculation. Assuming tbe popu
lation of Ihe United States to he 19.On nnn ...,i
the amount of their consumption" of British' pro
ductions 9,564,902 (an amount exceedin- the
average ot 1 2 years), w e get on average Consumn-
tion per liea.i ot 9 !, or more tban four times
the highest general average of foreign consumt
tion, nnd, considerably greater than the average
of any other foreign country. If we take the
American eousumirtion at a little more than 7,
000,000 a year, which was the average of tbj 12
years concluding with 1848, we shall still hare
the imperfections of the engine, the consuinnt
of three pounds of. zinc per dav wouM nrcxluf
one horse power. The larger bis ensines fcot
trary to what has been known before) the gmt
er the economy.' r Prof. Page himself was sot
prisel at the result. - . ,
There were yet practical difficulties tobeove
come; the battery had yet to be improved; an
it remained yet to try the experiment on a sraud
er scale, to make a pow er of one hundred bone
or more, . , - .' . c; w
. . Truly tbe age is fraught with wonders; ut
we can now look forward with certainty to tt
time when coal will be put to better use than:.
burn, scald and destroy.
feCopy of a Dispatch received at the Nar
Department from Lieut. Ed. J. De Haven, cot
manding tbe United States-Expedition in seair
of Sir John Franklin. . r. : x . ;
U, S. Brio Advance,
Whale Fish Islands. June 29. 13511
Sir: I have the honor to report the prob
nrii..:.,i , r .
injj ui iiwmunurun u luer my commanu Bf
lb.is date. '? J- ' ; . . C
This vessel arrived here on the .24th in.t.'
ter rather a long passage, owing to liubt iit
Many icebergs were met with on the e'
coast of New foundland, and as far up a 1st
N. From ihence we found a perfectly cler
until within one hundred miles! of this plsr
when- a few bergs were met but not enough!
struct navigation. ,', ' V"' " '
The "Rescue" arrived here 011 the 27th. I
keeping more to the Eastwani off Newfuct
land, she avoided the berg bf which wewr
surroundeilanuTsaw but little Ice daring thept
saee. ' .r " :' f "
To the NE of Newf mndland in latitude
30 in the night, during a thick fojr, with tH
wind, we came in ' cnn;act with a liirgc r
h coiibt 4iot "4e sef in -lime to avoitf rr. '
got, clear of it in n few-minutes, forto
with no irther damage ih.in the loss of a iib-b"'
(which we were able to replace.
Tbe English sau uIrvitK under the cowman"
Com, Austin, sailed from . here only ike dj n
fore we got in. We were fort unstc in fiiH
His store-sbip h-re, twat ,0 ,bl
- US good opitortunity of sending
fori tin ma r .- V
..will;.. .. . . . . - - - -
I was ..in hopes of fimlio 1 mvrfl
seal-skin dresses hero fr our men. bat 6
. 1 AT . .
mai iom. -Austin nan exnaustettthe wholes
ply. But a few indifferent suits were nniri"
l ain in hopes, however, of being more saefH
ful at the Northern ecttlemeRiy (Uppernati
wimto 1 propose toucning.
For information, I sent a boat to Lively
Disco Island, 25 miles distant from this nnrn
age. The Danish authorities -treated boti
fleers and men in a very, kind and hpi"
maimer; but notbin? of imiortne. eiiher ;
way of supplies or information could b H
cured, the English having engrossed er
We" shall leave tOHla'v. and nrnceetl W
North,' touching at I'ppernavik, if wioa
weather will permit. Thence we shall nke;
Lancaster Sound. "Slioubl Wellington StrKl
open on my reaching it, and finding ibat
ihe English vessels have entered it ahead rf
I shall make a bold push for the North ami f
in that direction. ; - t .. .
. "With the exception of one man, (whom!
home'as an invalid, entirely disqualifieil t
the climate.phe officers and crews of Ma
eh are in gooil health aod spirits, and tf
sanguine as to tbe success "of our undcrtat
v I amsir very respecifullv;
; V EDWIN J. DE HAVL
. - Lr. Coirnl'g Arctic ExpeJ'1!
Tho Hon. W. B. Preston, See. of Narr,
Ei.ectso-Ma&5etism as a Motive Po
1 he Important (cestio Settled P-
P.. '.r. ,.k:.k l- : . .-
1 ojc in mc m iuiio iiitu ut- w now lieiivpr.
before the Smithsonian Institution, states
there is uo longer any doubt of the annbeuu
of ;thia power as a substitute for steam; he tt
hibited the' most imposing experiments ever
nessed in this branch of science. An inimftj
bar of ironvweighing oe hundred and si
pounds, w as made to spring up by magnetic
tion, and lo move rapidly up and down, daacin,
lit. a. J'lth.. tK ...V .L'illlA... MHH . I "
mm e. : .l- i r
piti, m tic iuiic tjtri uiin on mis oar ne st.ir
to average suo poumls through ten inches of
1 1 l;.i-Tk.- 1.1 .l- .
luuiiuii, ne sum no vuuiii raise loisitarai
hundred feet as readily as'lhroueh ten imt.
and he expected no difficulty in doing the mJ
who a oar' weinmg .r.ne ton or one humlr-.
tons. He could make a pile-driver or a for
hammer, with great -simplicity; and he cou
make an engine with a stroke of six, twelve t
twenty, or any number of feet.
The most beautiful experiment we ever .
ness.-ed was ihe loud sound nnd brilliant fL-t
trom the galvanic spark when produced ntar
certain point in hi great mnirneT. each snap.
as loud as a pistol; and when he produced th
same spark at it little distance from tbe can
Minr, it made uo noise at all. I he rectntd
covery he stated lo have practical tearing um'
ihe coustructroii nf" ar electro-magnetic vnim
Truly a great power is here; and where is tt.
lirhil to it? ....
He then exhibttetl his engine of !etw-een Tor
and five horse power, operated by a batter cr
tamed within a space of three cubic feet, i
looked very unlike a mauectic machine. U.
a rrciprocating engine of two fcer stroke, ut
the whole engine and battery weighed about of
too. When the power nas thrown on byth
uiotion of the lever, the engine started off mat
nifkrently, making one hundred 'and fourtt-r
strokes per minute; though when it drove art
cular saw len inches in ibameter, sawin r
boards an inch and a quarter thick into lath, 4
engine made but about eighty strokes per tnitw
There was a great anxiety on the part ofi
spectators to obtain specinien-rof these Inth,?
preserve as trophies of this great mechanic
triumph. The force operating upon his wtf
netic cylinder, 'throughout the whIe motion .
two feet, was stated lo be nt bundretl pout
when the' engine was rnovinz very slowly, k
he had not been able to ascertain- whAaNfef. 1
was when the engine' was running at a work.
speed,, though it was considerable less, lb
most important point however, is the expent t
tne power, frol. f age slated that he, had a
ducetl tbe cost so far, that it was less than sin
under many and most conditions, though not
low as the eheaiiest steam engines. With 1
as if to
.tice le c
of tbe st
aod J avl
, - Areoi
er to tai
h A London letter to tfte New Turk f4
ial, says; -"The interesting experiat'
estawisnmg a communication by electric
graph between England and the continent,
be tried in llwa .uik. .fik. nA VvrnichL '
" -" "... I .7. I IIIT. Ill . .1
wires will be laid iMrtween Dover and the 1 f
projecting part of the opposite coast nearC
and thi distance thus traversed will be tf
miles and three quarters. Tha exjense
experiment will be about 2500."
1 sious ol
. ward ill
as 000 01
I of all tnl
r Every yJ
ny of coi
ed count I
and as til
the sam I
to the L
of our ol
more. . 1 V
01 a repni
fer the t
gine, to j
ou a limit!
I c 1
1 omce thai
with the t J
more, in '1
from two I
Water of I
" m repni
'"CD. , Fl