Newspaper Page Text
THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1851.
HONOLULU, FEBKUART 15, 1351.
HasoLCf-C Athxnxcm. In a community like
this, where the bustle, I''. ""'I engrossing care
of Active Ufa occupy so much of the attention of
all classes, with bub? to interfere with the ab
sorbing routine of every day drudgery, the es
tablishment of the Reading Koom by the recent
ly organized association under this name, must
be regarded a an oasis in the midst of Mn almost
boundless mental desert. It is a bright spot in
the working-man' horizon, which"we hope will
expand anil illumine the whole hemisphere to
A well-kept and well-furnished room, at all
tune accessible to the members, where eriodi
cal from various pnrts of the world can be found,
is now open; and where, after the labor of the
day are over, the working-man, the mechanic,
in short all who are thin disposed, can resort,
and spend an hour or two in gaining informa
tion, and in cultivating the immortal part of his
In addition to this, the efficient directors of the
Albcneum hive engaged several profession)
gentleman of Honolulu to deliver lectures be
fore the Society, on such topics as are deemed of
interest and benefit to the members, and the
public generally. The first in the series was
delirered by Mr. Sin kins, tin Monday evening
last, !ef.re highly respectable audience at the
Chapel. We lost much of this lecture, from
our inability to catch the words of the speaker,
which were uttered in so low a tone of voice as
not to reach th.it part of the house where we
happened to le seated. His subject was, the
fi;ie arts, but h dvelt more particularly upon
that of painting; going rapidly through a histo
rical sketch of its progress in Europe and the
East, and showing its importance to science and
commerce. After a just tribute of commenda
tion to the principal of the Honolulu Academy,
for the progress made by his pupils, in the rudi
ments of this beautiful art, Mr. S. took occasion
lo trace out for them the proper steps to lie pur
sued iii advancing to a higher degree of perfection.
On motion of R. C. Wyllie, Esq., a vote of
thanks to Mr. S. was passed for his lecture, anil
the exercises closed with a well performed piece
!y the glee club.
We regard these efforts of the directors of the
Atheneum as highly creditable to them, and
worthy of lieing vigorously seconded by the pub
lic of Honolulu.
of doubt, and it can only be regarded as a ques
tion of lime, in relation to the commencement ol
the enterpri-e. Whenever it is undertaken
however, it will meet the same obstacles it now
finds to overcome, and we know of no ecia
advantage iu further delay. Let us have lb
steamers, then, to leave San Francisco an
Honolulu on the first of each montb.and we bav
very little doubt that in six month's time th
patronage would not only pay expenses, but
prove reasonably remunerative to the stock
STEAM lOMMCSICATIOS WITH MK r RA'CIS-
co. The lime has arrived when the question is
to be decided, whether a line of steamer is to be
put upon the route lietween the Island ami
California. . The decision of i lie question in
volves, to a considerable extent, the commercial
interests of the islands, the comfort and conve
nience of the traveling public, and nlso the more
regular and speedy transmission of the mails.
To secure the advantage to these several in
terest which steam ought to bestow, the char
acter of the vessels put upon the route is of great
importance. They should be of a medium size,
ami at the same time capable of carrying two or
three hundred tons of freight. They should be
fast sailers, capable of making the run from
San Francisco in eight or nine days, and return
ing in twelve. This would secure them most of
the passengers, and considerable freight, es
pecially from hence; and it is upon both these
source that steamer tiiu&l depend f r their su im
In commencing an enterprise of this sort, some
risk must inevitably he run by those who under
take it. The expenses can be estimated, with
sufficient accuracy to form a basis of calculation;
but the amount of receipts must be problemati
cal, until exjterience has determined their value.
From the Itest information we hare been able to
obtain, the monthly expenses of such steamers
as should bo employed on this route, would
amount to $7,000, or 03,000. As two would le
required, to keepnp a monthly line, the expense
would be, say 916,000 pr. month. Against this
outlay, to say nothing of interest mi cap-tal in-
rested, and wear and tear of vessels, a return of
$ IS, 000 pr. month, at least, should be received,
to render the enterprise a paying one.
Can such a sum I received from passengers
and freightbetween ih- Islands and California?
On the answer to this question,hinges the suc
cess of the undertaking. And what i the pro.
60 passengers, at $100 each, would give $6,000
And 100 tons of freight, at $20, 2,000
Could this be secured, lioih from the coast and
hence, the enterprise would succeed without a
doubt; and we are very strongly inclined to the
opinion that if once established, this amount of
patronage, and even more, would soon reward
the proprietors of tha line. It is a well known
fact in the experience of steam navigation, that
a well regulated line almost invariably increases
rhe travel in a very great ratio. Where tens
fonm-'rly voyaged in sailing vessels, hundreds
now go by steam; where necessity alone induced
a man to make a voyage by sea, now, multitude
undertake them for pleasure. During the year
1350 ab ut 800 passenger arrived at this port
from California. Here we have 64 pr. month,
most of whom would probably have patronized
a steamer, bad one been available for them.
And it would be a cafe calculation, we imagine,
to ttippose the increase of travel would more
than supply the num!erthat would take passage
in sailing vessels, leaving the 800 for the steam
ers. In conversion uith various persons, resi
dent of Honolulu, the opinion seems to be pret
ty generally entertained, that for the first few
months the running of steamers would I attend
ed with some, loss; but that after the line should
be estaUished, say five or six months, it would
create business lor itself, and lie profitable to the
projrietors. The idea seems to lie favorably
entertained, and all with whom we have con
versed earn anxious to have the thing undertak
en, and would give it their patronage. We
therefore hop that Mr. Kingsbury, who baa ar
rived among"t us to make inquiries into the
prartibiliiy of the enterprise, will find such fa
vorable indications, and co-operation, aiming
the business men of the islands as to induce him
to commence this desirable undertaking at once, j
We shall Mevner soon, without a shadow
Fort, Lihaisa, Feb. 12th, r 1851.
To the Editor of the Polynesian:
1 have to request that you will give insertion
in your paper to the following answer to n letter
signed John S. Mason, published in the Times
of the 5th inst.
As soon as my attention was called to that let
ter I addressed a note to both Mr. Bolle am
Mr. Bush, of which the following i a copy:
Fort, Lahaina, Feb. 1 1 ih.
. Six: My attention having been called to a
tetter published iu the Honolulu Times of Feb,
5ih, over the signature of John S. Mason, where
in ha states that during the g.ile of the 19th ult
"the Kanakas were prohibited taking him off to
his vessel on account of its being Sunday, and
that you were engaged Si hours endeavoring to
persuade the Governor lo grant permission to
the Kanakas to carry him out, which however
he would not consent to." I have lo request
you will inform me whether the above assertion
is correct, and if so who was the individual you
applied to on that occasion.
I remain yourobMt serv't.
fSL-ned J. Y. KANEHOA.
To which I received the following rejdy from
Lahaiua, Feb. 12th, 1351
To His Excellency J. Y. Kanehoa:
Dear Sir: Your note of this days date is at
hand, and in answer to your questions "whether
I was engaged for 2i hours on Sunday the 19th
Jan. last, endeavoring to persuide the Governor
to grant permission to the Kanakas to carry
Capt. Mason of the schooner "Loo-Chno," over
the reef to his vessel," I have only to say that
on that day I had not the pleasure of seeing your
Excellency, and have since learned that you
were absent at Ruuai,
And have the honor to remain
Your Excellency's most ob'dt servant.
Signed A. WHITE BUSH.
. Mr. liolles called on me in person, nnd stated
that on the day in question, he fell in with the
Capt. of the "Loo-Choo" on the beach, looking
for a boat to go off to his vessel. And that he
(the Capt.) stated to him he could lint get the
natives to take him on board, it being Sunday
and against the Governor's orders. To which
Mr. Bolles replied "that is all fudge, I do not
believe the Governor ever said such a thing.
will be responsible." The Capt. went off iu a
boat directly afterwards, and was swamjied.
I think, sir, the above will be sufficient to sat
isfy any unprejudiced person of the falsehood
contained in the letter of John S. Mason. In
conclusion I shall only remark, that I myself,
was absent from Maui during the whole of the
gale, having gone to Ranai on account of ill
health, and that so far from putting difficulties
in the way of relieving vessels in distress, it is
loth my duty and pleasure to assist them to the
utmost of my power.
Your most obedient Servant,
J. Y. KANEHOA.
Latest Dates. By the Am. bark "Catalpai
which arrived yesterday, we have California
papers to the 24th ult. and New York dates to
the 12th of December. The crowded slate of
our columns prevents the insertion this week of
much interesting matter by this arrival.
We are again tinder obligations to the Post
Master of San Francisco for a valuable parcel
of late papers, and to Messers. Hussey, Bond &.
Hale, of San Francisco for a like favor. Adams
& Co.' Express will please accept our thanks
for late paper from the interior of the golden
State. We have received the first numler of
the "Merchant's Exchange Price Current ami
Shipping List," which is a beautiful sheet, in
its typographical appearance, and must prove of
great value to Commercial men. It is edited by
L.' W. Sloat, Sec. of the Chamler of Commerce.
The Gale at Hawaii. tly advices from the
leeward side of Hawaii, we learn that the gale
of the 26th ult. was the most severe within
the memory of the "'oldest inhabitant." The
bark Don Quixote, at anchor in one of the har
bors of Kona, slipped and went to sea, but re
turned for ta-r anchor after the gale, and had
sailed for California. A stone foundation for a
bouse, built by Kamehameha !., w as demolished
by this pale, several houses blown over, and
trees uprooted. The leaves of all the trees in
South Kona, were blighted and turned black.
from the effects of the wind. The sea, after
the sub-idence of the gale, was tremendous, and
hogs, wood and considerable other property was
washed away by it.
ao vyonatsFo.tDEMS. e must ieg the in
dulgence of our numerous correspondents till
another week. ' The late hour at which their
communications were received, and the crowd
ed state of our columns, with advertisements,
etc., deprives us of the pleasure of inserting
them this week. Several of those from Man
shall appear in our next; ami to all would we
express our thanks for their aueniion, and the
interest manifested in the affairs of the kingdom
connected with that island.
'D." has our thanks, and will have a bearing
Loss or Schooner. The schooner Kauu-
kualii, (formerly the Vulcan) was lost at Koloa,
Kauai, on the 25th ult. She went ashore in the
same gale that wrecked the Nisida Stewart on
this island. The K. was owned by a native of
Kauai, Daniela Oleloa, and this was her first
trip since she obtained a H iwaiian register. We
are sorry to hear that she is a total los,tngether
with a considerable amount of freight, which
she had taken on hoard for this place.
Hawaiian Registers. The British bri
Enigma, and the American brig Baltimore, of
New Bedford, have Mh passed into the hands
of Hawaiian subjects, ami have been registered
under the Hawaiian flag. We are informed
they are loth to be employed, for the present, as
Latest IffTELL.iGr.acr.. We are indebted to
J. Kingsbury, Esq. for a late paper from San
Francisco, containing the principal items of At
lantic news down to Dec. II.
The mail wa received an San Francisco by
the. steamship Oregon, Capt. Pearsons, which
left Panama on the 3d or Jan., and arrived on
the morning of the 20th, making the run in six
teen and a half days.
The American Congress assembled on the first
Monday in December, and the papers contain
the President's Message, and the Uejmri of
several of the Head of Departments. From
that of the Secretary of ihe Treasury we find
the receipts it to the Treasury for the year end
ing June SO, were, - - $47,421,743.90
and the exeuditure, - 943,002,163.90
and that the public debt had been reduced iuce
he last annual report, " - - $495,276.79
The Rep.ul of the Post Master General ex
hibit an excess of receipts over expenditures, of I
$340,000; and recommend a reduction of post
age iu all the Atlantic States, to a uniform rate
of three cents when pre-paid, and five cents when
unpaid. A reduction is also recommended on
letters to California and Oregon to twenty cents,
just half the present rate, ami a considerable
reduction on newspapers and pamphlet sent lo
any part of the Union.
From the Message of President Filmore,
which is too long for entire insertion in our col-
ums, we makt the following extract as of most
interest to the readers of the Polynesian.
Nations, like individuals in a stale of nature
are equal and iudeeiideiii, possessing certain
rights, and owing certain duties to each oilier,
arising from their necessary and unavoidable re-
alion.-; which rights und duties there ts no com
mon human authority to pro ect ami enforce.
Mill, they are rights and duties, binding iu
morals, in conscience, ami iu honor, alliiongh
here is no tribunal to which mi uijureil n.iriv
run apiteal, but the disinterested judgment of
mankind, ami ultimately the arbitrament of the
Among the acknowledged rights of nations is
that, which each possesses d establishing that
. . - . .
lorni oi government wnicti it may ileeui mo:
comlucive to the h-ippme ami prosperity of its
own citizens; oi ch mguig thai form, as circum
stance may require; and of managing its inter-
;ai auair according lo its own will. 1 lie peo
ple ol the Uuiteil Stares claim this right for
themselves and ihey readily concede it to others.
lence it becomes an imperative ilutv mil in in-
icriere in tne government r internal policy ol
other nations ; and, although we may sympa
thise with the unfortunate or the oiMiretsnl
everywhere m iheir struggles for freedom, our
principles forbid us from taking uiiv part iu suh
We make no w ars lo promote or to prevent
successions to thrones ; to m lintain any theory
of a b dance of power; or lo suppress the actual
government which any country choose to estab
lish lor iiselt We instigate no revolutions, nor
suffer any hostile military expeditious to be fin
ed out iu the United States to invade the territo
ry or provinces of a friendly nation. The great
law of morality ought to have a national, as well
as a personal and individual application. We
should act toward other nation as we wish them
to act toward us ; and justice ami conscience
should form the rule of conduct between Gov
ernments, instead of ui'Te ower, self-interest,
or the de. ire of aggrandizement.
To maintain a strict neutrality in foreign wars.
to cultivate InciKlly relations in recinna'ate
every noble nud generous act, and to perform
punctually ami scrupulously every treaty obliga
tion these are the iluties w hieh w e ow e to other
States, ami by the performance of which we
Itest entitle ourselves to like treatment 1mm
them; or if that, iu any case, be refused, we can
enforce our own rights with justice ami a clear
1 am happy in being able to say that no unfa
vorable change m our foreign relations has ta
ken place since fhe Message at the opening of
ine last session ot Congress. v e are at eace
with all nations, ninl we enjoy in an eminent
degree the blessings of th it peace, in a prosper
ous and growing commerce, and in all the forms
if amicable national intercourse. ' The unex
ampled growth of the country, ihe present
mount of its population, ami iis ample means
of self-protection, assure for it the re-pt-ct of all
nations; while it is trusted that us chancier
for justice, and a regard to ihe rights of oilier
states, will CMUse that resiiect to be readily and
A convention was negotiated between the
United Slates ami Great Britain, in April bi-t,
for the facilitating and protecting the construc
tion of a ship canal between the Atlantic and
Pacific Oceans, and for other purposes. The
instrument has since been ratified by the con
tracting partie,th exchange of ratifications has
been effected, and proclamation thereof has been
In addition to the stipulations contained in
this convention, two other objects remain to be
accomplished between the contracting powers:
t irst, 1 he designation ami establishment of a
free ort at each end of the canal:
Sceoml, An agreement fixing the distance
from the shorn within w hich belligerent mari
time operations shall not be carried on. On
these points ill -re is litile doubt that the two
government will i ie to an understanding.
1 he company ofciiizens ol the United State
who have acquired from the State of Nicaragua
the privilege of constructing a ship canal be
tween the two oceans, through the territory of
that State have mad progress in their prelimi
nary arrangements. 1 he treaty between the
United stales anil Ureal lirilam, the 9lll ol
April last .above referred to, being now iu opera
tion, it is to lie hope.l thai the guaranties which
it offers will be uffi 'lent to secure the coiniile.
tion nf the work with all practicable expedition.
It i obvious that this result would be eudefi.
uitely potpoiied, if any other th in ieiceful
measures, tor the purp se or h iruiouizmg these
conflicting claims to territory in that quarter,
should lie adopted. It will cousequeiulv be my
endeavor localise any further negotiations ,n
the part of this government, which may le re
quisite for this purHse, to lie so conducted as to
bring them to a speedy and successful close.
Some unavoidable d I iv has occurred, arisinv
from distance and difficulty of intercourse le-
tween this government and thai of Nicaragua,
hut as intelligence has just lieen received of the
apMiintmeiit of an Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary of that Government, to
resident Washington, wh.ise arrival may soon
le expected, it is hoped that no further imiiedi-
meuts will lie eXierieuced in the prompt transac
tion ol liiMiuess between th two Governments.
Citizens of the United States hive undertaken
the connection of the two oceans by means nf a
railroad across tne Isthmus of Tehuaiitepec, tin
ier grants id the Mexican government to a cm.
.en or that KejMiblic. It is understood that a
thorough survey of ihe course of the communi
cation is in preparation, and there is every rea
"n lo exieet that it will be prosecuted uiih
characteristic energy, especially when that
Government shall have consented to such stipu
lations with he government of the United
Mates as mav lie necessary to impart a feeliut
of security lo those who may embark their proi-
erty in the enterprise.
Negotiations are pending Tor the accomplish
ment of thai object, and a hntie eonfvlentlv
entertained that, when Ihe Government of Mex
ico shall become duly sensible of the advantages
which that country camioi fail lo derive from the
work ami learn that the Government of the
United Slates desires that the right of sovereign
ly iu the Isthmus shall remain unimpaired, the
stipulation referred to will be agreed to with
1 By the last advices from Mexico it would
jear, however, that lhat Government entertain
strong objections to some of ihe stipulations
which the parties concerned in the project of the
Railroad deem necessary for their protection ami
security. Further consideration, -it is to I
hojed, or some mndifKaiiitit of terms, may yet
reconcile the difference existing between ihe two
Government iu this respect.
F resh instructions have recently lieen given to
the Minister of the United Stale in Mexico,
who is prosecuting the subject with prumptitud
Although the negotiations with Portugal, for
the payment of claims of citizens of the Umtet
S'ates against that Government have not yet re
sulted in a formal treaty ,yet a proposition mail
ty the Uovermnetit or Portugal tor the final a
justment and payment of those claims, has re
cently been accented on the nart of the United
States. It gives me great pleasure to say Iha
Mr. Clay, to w hom the negotiation on the part
ot the United stateshad leen intrusted, dis
charged the duties of his apjiointmeiit with abili
ty ami discretion, acting always within the i.
struct ions of his Government.
It i exected thai a regular Convention will
lie immediately negotiated for carrying the ag
greeiueut between the two Governments into el
The Commissioner appointed under the arto
Congress for carrying into effect the convention
with Brazil, of the 27th of January, 1349, has
entered ujioii the performance of the duties nn
iHised upon aim by that act. It is hoped lha
tlmse duties may la? completed within the time
wnicn it prescribes.
1 he documents, however, which the Imperial
Government, ,y in third article of the Conven
tion, stipulates to furnish to ihe Government of
the United States, have not yet been received,
As it is presumed that those documents will lie
essential for the correct disMsiiioii of the claims,
it may termite necessary lor Congress to extend
the ieriod limited for the duration of the com
mission. 1 he sum stipulated by the 4th article
oi ine unnreiitiou to lie paid to this Government
nas le-eu received.
The collection in the port, of the United
States of discriminating iluties unoii the vessels
of Chili and their cargoes has been iipuwled,
pursuant lo ine provisions uf the Act of Con
gress ot the 24Hi ol May, 1323. It is to be
hoied lhat this measure will impart a fresh iui
pulse to the commerce between the two coun
tries, w hich, of late, and especially since nur ac
quisition l California, has, in the mutual ad
vantage id" the parties, been much augmented.
Peruvian guano has become so desirable an
article to the agricultural interests of the United
i "mi i inn nail oi me iiovernmeiii to
employ all the means properly iu its power for
ihe purpose .,f causing thai article to Ih? imiKirt
cd iu ihe country at a reasonable price. No
tlu ug w ill (at omitted oil my part t iwards accom
pfishing this desirable end. 1 am persuaded
lhat in removing any restraint on thi traffic ,the
Peruvian government will promote its own lest
interests', w hile it will afford a proof of a frien.l
ly disMisitioti towards this country which will
be duly appreciated.
The treaty Itetweeii the United States and hisj
Majesty the King ufihe Hawaiian Islands, which
has recently been made public, will, it is believ
ed, have a beneficial effect upon the relations
iieitveeu tne two countries.
The relation between those part of the Is
land of St. Domingo, which were formerly colo
nies of Spain and France, respectively, are still
in , n unsettled condition. The proximity of
th il island to the United States, ami the delicate
question involved iu the existing controversy
Hiere, remler it desirable lhat it should be per
manently and speedily adjusted.
The interests of humanity anil of general com
merce a I so demand tint ; and a intimations of
the same sentiment have been received from oth
er governments, it is hoped that some plan may
soon be devised lo effect the object in a manner
likely to give general satisfaction. The gov
ernment of the United Slates will not fail, by the
exercise of all proper friendly offices, to do all in
it power to put an end lo the destructive war
which has raged between the different parts of
the Island, and to secure to them both the bene
fits of peace and commerce.
All experience has demonstrated the wisdom
adopted ,y the IJS Congress, bicludiu? th
" F ugutive Slave Law," are regarded by the
rrrsioeui H uenmtive in relation to those sub
jects, and adherence to them is strongly recom
mended. On this subject, ami in Conclusion of
his Message be says:
F or this reason I recommend your adherence
to the adjustment established by those measures
until time and experience shall demonstrate ihe
necessity of further legislation to guanl against
evasion or abuse.
By that adjustment we have been rescued from
Ihe wide and boundless agitation that surrounded
lis, and h ive a firm, distinct and e?n ground lo
rest upon. And the occasion. I trust, h ill justify
me in exhorting my country nen t., ray Uihii
and maintain that ground a the best, if not the
mily means, ,,f restoring ieace and quiet to the
"miry and maintaining inviolate the integrity
ol the Union. J
And now, fellow-citizens, I cannot Iwing this
communication to a coee, without invoking you
to join me in humble ami devout thanks to the
oreui uuier oi nations, mr the multiplied bless
ings which he ha graciously etowed main
His hand, so often visible iu our preserva? ion
stayed the iwstilence.saved fr..... .'.
and domestic disturbances, and scattered plenty
throughout ihe bind. 1 '
Our liberties, religious and civil, have been
mainramed; the fountains of know ledge have all
len kept .),, nnd means f happiness widely
spread ami generally enjoyed, grcater.thaii have
lallen to the lot of anv orlwr fllilirkn Aa.l ...l.:l
.!...., . ..., nuMC
xme,rareii wim gratitude Tor the pasf, let
U hope thai His all-wise Providence will so
Kiime our councils, as lhat they shall result in
giving satisfaction lo nor rniuhiii.ni.
the tieace of the country, and ,Ui.. ..-
strength to the united Government uudr which
wehve. MIM.tRn rnunnD
Washington, December 2, 1850.
Notice to mil foreigner $ residinJlTT
to this kingdom. "to
Foreigner are reminded that Tor th l,
of their transactions, under existing j
necessary that they take out certificatT '
tionaUty. Those who may not h..
Passports, showing to what nation th
are hereby requested to present alnn- .wT
i: ? . "Hill.
PPncaiioi) twnetner toey apply j Wrj '
verbally) a certificate under the ha.
of some resident Diplomatic Ageir
on leaving which.in the office of the
certificatesif nationality required lj j,, '
be issued lo them. ' '
F oreigner who may have brought pa,
will obtain their certificates of nltionZ'
presenting the ame, vised by their Caajf
by Ihe Minister of Foreign Rrht io,,
Office of the Interior 3....k !.... ' "
required to I. eft in that office.
Office of the Interior.
10th Fell., JS51.
1 . - J.L-
and policy of raising a large mrtiou of revenue,
for ihe support of Government, from duti s on
goods imjHirted. The power to lay these duties
is unquestionable, ami its chief object, of course,
is to replenish the treasury. But if, in doing
this, an accidental advantage may be gained by
encouraging ihe industry d our citizens, it is our
duly lo avail ourselves of that advantage.
i duly laid iiou an article winch cannot lie
produced in thi country uchas tea or coffee
adds lo the cost of the article, and is chiefly or
wholly paid by Hie consumer. But a duty pan
up hi an article w hich may be produced here,
stimulate the skill and industry of our own
country to produce the same article, which is
brought into the market in comieiitioti with the
foreign article, and the importer is thus com
pelled to reduce his price to that at w hi h fne do
mestic article can be sold, thereby throwing a
part of the duty upon the producer of the foreign
The continuance of this process create the
skill, and invites the capital which finally ena
bles us to produce the article much cheaper than
it could h ive been produced from abroad, there
by benefitting both the producer and the con
sumer at home. The consequence of thi is,
lhat the artisan, and Ihe agriculturist, are
brought together, each affords a ready market
for the produce of the other, the whole country
become prosperous; and the ability to produce
every necessary of lite render u independent in
war as well a in peace.
A high tariff can never lie permane t. It will
cause dissatisfaction and will be changed. It ex
cludes competition, and thereby invites the in
vestment ol capital in manufactures to uch ex
cess that when changed it brings distress, bank
ruptcy and ruin upon all who have been misled
by its faithless protection. What Ihe manufac
turer wants is uniformity and iieruianeucv, that
he may feel a confidence lhat he is not to lie ru
ined by so Iden changes.
But to make a tar.ff uniform ami permanent, il
is not only necessary that the laws sh mid not lie
aliere l. but lhat Hie duty should not fluctuate.
To effect this, all duties h.uld be siecjfif,
wherever the nature of the article is such as to
admit of il. Ad valorem duties fluctuate with
ihe price, and otler strong temptation to fraud
and perjury. Specific duties, on the contrary.
are equal and umtorm in all iort, and at all
ti nes, and offer a strong indueemeut to the im-
(Hirter to bring the best article,' as be pays no
more duty upon that than iijhmi one of inferior
I therefore strongly recommend a mollification
of the present tariff, w hieh has prostrated some
of our most important ami necessary manufac
tures, and lhat specific duties be imjiosed suffici
ent to raise the requisite revenue, making such
discrimination iu favor of the industrial pursuits
of our own country, as to encourage home pro
duction, without excluding foreign romietition.
It is also imMirtaut lhat an unfortunate provision
in the present lariff,which impose a much high
er duty upon the raw material lhat enters into
our manufacture than upon the manufactured
article, should be remedied.
The President recommends a Branch Mint for
California, and in the interim, the receipt of
gold bullion, stamped by an authorized assayer,
for alrgovernment dues. He repeats the recom
mendations of his predecessor in regard to the
inijMirtance of opening a line of communication
bet wren the valley of the Mississippi and the Pa
cific coast, ami urge the subject upon the atten
tion of Congress. On the subject of internal im
provements, the President state concisely the
constitutional authority for thus expending the
federal reveiiue,and recommend a perseverance
in lha; policy. The series of compromise
Robbery ok the IsTHMvs.-Anoiher extensive
robliery was committed on the isthmus, in Dee .
tit through Ihe efficient energy of the citizens
and 23 soldier detached in pursuit of ihe rol
lwr all I. nt .L..., oc nst . e.t
il viuuii in me treasure was re
covered, and three of the ten roblier were ar
rested. The train attacked was that Messrs
T. o . ...
iimwiii. neisoii oico. in which was over
000,000. The roblajrs made offwith some 3120
000, but so hot wa the pursuit, headed by Mr.
lNelSOU. that thev had neither il...- ... :.
j .......w. ,,v , ptrv.icic ii
r lo convey it away.
The Panama Star says:
In noticing the whole nf this affair, it
. . ioiou, wnere ertd.d so well and acquit-
- n ,iu so iiiucn rreilif . . .....
.. i: - i : .....
nomnuais in inner term than we have done in
dam narrative above. But we must draw at
tention nud give great credit to the nflf".
soldiers, who so promptly equipped and reiiort
; " itw.j mi nuiy ivnen tne Call was
mine mr ineir services. The whole o.ibrrv
rce of the city seemed to lie animared with il.-
one wisn to lake pari in the expedition, and we
arc assure! i ny m.ise who led it, that during tin
enure search m the wood, and during the skir
mis nes, and in laet throughout the whole ib,. .r
service, ine soldiers displayed the utmost endu
r?i ri in iiiiiiioA ...... - -
......... ... ...,,c mm privation, as well as untir
ing energy and most unshrinking courage.
I hey behaved most excellently well, and we are
pleased to learn lhat Messrs. Z. N. &. Co. in
appreciation i. their services, have presented to
o. mr pnv.ues a purse ot 50 as well a
$5 each to all th.. soldiers of the garrison, who
were not mi :he expedition only because their
services were not needed.
The wounded negro, who was captain or lead
er of the baud is now in the city Hospital, where
his w omid is being attended to." We are inform
eif th it hw h - Imuii ......i t.i .
mimni to oe snot in a
very short time, and that the other two prisoners
are to be confined in the chain gang for life.
Some strong example of this kind is needed
here, and the sooner it is made, the ,re ,,w.
erful will lie its effect. The country is infested
with large numbers of Chileans, Peruvians, Cos
ta Riciaus, and other S. Americans w hose chief
occupation lor year- past have been plunder and
rapine and as this Isthmus now presents a rich
er field for oerations, they are flocking here in
nmiilwr too great for the safety of life or prop-
U.tiTEd States Shif Yobxtoww. The fol
lowing extract of a letter from Lieut. Frailey,
gives a more particular account than yet publish-
en oi i ne loss oi i nis vessel:
United State Ship Dale.
Poar Prata, Sept. SO, 1350.
Dear Sir: I have to communicate the mel
ancholy intelligence of the entire loss of the Uni
ted States ship Yorktown. on the morning of the
6th instant, while endeavoring to nas lietween
the island of Mayo ami Buena Vista, the ship
striking upon a ledge of rocks, extending from
t lie northern jemit ot ihe former island, thirty
miles distant from this: place, and becoming mi
entire wreck in le-s than an ho :r after first strik
ing. After bilging a. d filling the hold with wa
ter, orders were given to save whatever articles
could lie got at, and which were speedily reinov
ed to the quarter deck and poop; but in a few
moment alter, ami before they could lie remov
ed to the boats, the hip fell over on her side,
and everything wa swept iuio the sea. So sud
den was her going over, that two of her men.
who were la-low at the tune, were sa veil with dif-
ficulty, and only by cutting a hole in the deck,
Ihe water having cut off their egress by the
hatches. It however, affords me great pleasure
10 iniii, mat tnoiign our loss is great, our thanks
are due lo an all-merciful Providence, for vouch
safing his; protection to us in time of our dauger.
Three Steamers arrived at thi nort yester
day the Antelope and the Tennessee fioui Pan
ama, and the Lhesaieake from I riunlad Bay.
In INew York the arrival ol three steamships in
one day would lie a matter deserving of particu
lar mention, and iu any other rity on the Atlan
tic such an occurrence would be heralded as un
precedented. The commerce of San Francisco
i increasing marvelously, and it would be diffi
cult lo predict what a tew short month may
bring forth. That we shall communicate by
steamers with the Sandwich Island and China
i almost a certainty. With such rich field
open to our commerce, who ran fix bound to
the growth of this city . Alta Cal. Jan. 10.
Aoctioic Sale or Wreck. The wreck of
Ihe Nisida Stewart was sold on the 8th inst., by
A. U. Howe & Co., for $1,930. Thi vessel
was sold a she lay upon the reef, with lower
masts, bowsprit, windlass, fkc &.e. Her sails,
running rigging, spars, stores, Sic. bad been
CiLiroRffta iLLcsTRATtn News. Those
wishing complete set of thi mipular publica
lion ran obtain tbem at Messrs. Mitchell &
C7 We learn that the volcano Kilauea, the
great crater of Mauna Kea, has recently bad a
great eruption ami is still unusually active.
07 It is said that the Telegraph monopoly in
England has purchased the patent of an improv
ed mode nf telegraphing, by which all commu
nication are rendered wholly private between
the parties interested in and making them.
Each correspondent write hi own message, the
apparatus being so simplified that any one can
oierate upon it.
CThe London correspondent of the New
York Conuiiercial, under date of November ,
say that the German armies now in ih Udd r.
much larger than those w hicli 'decided the fate of!
Europe at the battle of Waterloo.
i o ine vipiotnnlu Agents and CoruuUtf,
l r M mm I S i
s.s. .uru, Tcuamg on the Hawotia
Foreigs OrncE, 10th Febuarr. m
C r.- - .
oia: circumstances having recently 1.
under notice the Tact that foreigner co,ni.
reside under the King jurisdiction, ami
pursuit of their lawful industry, emeriti
numerous transactions, not only with one in,
er. but with the King subjects, which tra,
.,..0, . , c m tiiuuii vtiirr rjine HirtrfJ
adoption, much lo the King's honor, of the
ciple of allowing them to acquire lands
limn! h.vs .w II ...I. . .
I-"- " j;nr,niij ini i, in IDetrH
tificatesof nationality, a required by Sert'ha
(page 77), Article I, Chapter V, part I, eU
Second Act of Kahemalietna IH.; by whir
gleet a question might arise, in Hawaiian CJ
prejudicial to.their abstract rights, before tU
lyourts, ami also whether such foreigners,
ing for lease nf land, could be considered u ,
rally domiciled, in the sense of Section 1,(J
1"2J Article 2, Chapter VII of the said An-
feel it no less due to them than to His Mai;
Government, on liebalf of the Minister ofthfL
terior, to rail your earliest attention to thi
A the majority nf such foreigner haretW
without Passports, it would facilitate tbeinJ
plication for certificate of nationality f,nb.
lo accompany, with the same, proof of that
tionality, under the hand ami seal of their
sjiective Consul. The advantage of thi
be, beside a compliance with the lawmri,
interest of the parties themselves, to ena!l?c
foreign Diplomatic Agent and Consul tar
t I I . si .
i-ui.iic must wuo are entitled to their prn
fion.atid to enable the Minister of the Interior
make his annual return to the Legislature
he whole foreign population, with greater r
curacy, in the distinction of their several natlor-
Now that foreigner are coming in, from i
quarters, in increasing numls-rs, you will i
mice see that their proper classification, un.U
their respective nationalities, even with a vit
to the general safety of life and property, a
matter of primary iuqiortanre.
Not doubting that you will take this view i
ihe ease, ami exercise your judgment there
with the least oilde delay,
I have the honor to be,
Your most obedient, humble servwr:
It. C. WYLLIE.
rates of i
of the L"
this, to h
. whence .
hall in o
to the va
Notice to foreign residents, native $ ofeovntm
which hate no Consuls established in the km
All surh foreigner, in applying for certificate
of natiotfaldy, a required by law, are nm-
mended when they have no Passport to prou
to what nation they belong, to present totfc
Minister of the Interior, a certificate, from Ik-
Diplomatic Agent or Consul of any other it
eign nation that they are subject or euiiewc
the particular kingdom or state to which tbej
tOT The following return from the Minis?
of the Interior may interest the public genemllt
The whole number of Certificates of Nafi
ality granted by the Minister of the Interi
from the 30th nf June 1346 to the 10th of Fet
1351, i 930, which may be classed as follow
119 to native of the United State of Aintt
75 to natives of Great Britain.
1 1 to natives of France.
6 to natives of China.
5 to native of Germany.
4 lo native of Italy.
5 to native of the Western Island.
2 to native of Calcutta.
1 to a native nf Sweden.
1 to a native of the West Indies.
1 to a native of Prussia.
1 to a native of Equador.
1 to a native of Chili.
to the ci
Act of K
ot tbe Ii
ter. a ceri
Law of ti
rent, or p
Feb. 10, 1851.$
Clerk to Min. of Int
By Hia Excellency the Governor of Oaha:
Alexander J. Cartwright to be Chief En giis
of the Fire Department of the City of HorWufc
By Hi Excellency tbe Governor of Maui:
Edwin Miner, of Haiku, Maui, to be iff
to take Acknowledgments. ,
Okiia e ke Kiaaina o Oahu, o Paaahi U
me kana wabine, o Kamauli, no ka hewa "
Okiia ke Kiaaina o Maui.
O John Cavanaah. laoa ma-kana wini".'
O Kahalikelaua me Moku, kana wahine.
O Kaai laua me Kiliae, kana wahine.
O Napopolo, laua me Mumuku.kana srih'
O Kahuewailapalapa, laua me NaEsiktnt
O Momona.laua me Kaakau, kana wabu"
O Kakalia, laua tne Kapalu, kana wabiot-
ArcTion Sales. On Monday and Toe?
ncit. an extensive sale nf assorted cargo pJ -
& Bartow, ami on Wednesday, Drspery, 6"
reries, Hardware, etc. by A. B. He
On Friday, the remaining stock of Wasbinj
Co. by A. P. Everett, . .
mere nl A
Obtain fro i
a certinc it
a is enjo
had, or t
at . .
f enter inj
7 ?7 bd