Newspaper Page Text
' 1 think your correspondent, who aigns bim-
elf a h?pmastf, must be in.error in -lin
Crwiitadt as ibe burial place of ihe once
' ' celebrated Paul Jones; Jbr, on referring to
lhe monthly obituary in the European Maga-
. une for August,' 1792; I find the following
. entry, whicn l give you 'ihmi
'Lately, at Paris,5 the notorious Paul Jones,
" ''of infamous memory, attended to bis grave
Jya deputation of the National Assembly.
This disgraceful fact, though true, will bard-
y be believed by posterity, as this wretcn, a
Scotchman by birth, could oe constaereu m
! no better liht than a thief endeavoring to
vail hi self of Dlunder while a house was
.. -oa fire. - '
: SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1851. ;
r Mou DmsTEis. Whalers. In addition
to the whale-ships reported by u n lost, eight
in . nuinber.rwe now learn the l:s of three
others, the Hownua, 1 Globe, and Acuthnet,
eleven American' and two French ships now
beard from a total wreck. The whaling fleet
U having a hard time of it this season, but we
are happy ro notice, that some of those more
recently arrived, have done much better than it
was feared any wotif.Mo, after learning the dij-
' ater which had. attemled many of the ships,
'and the quantity of ice, with which the northern
cruuing grounds were obstructed at the com
. menceinent of the season. -'
s ... . j . .
As. bill few of the ships are yet in, we hope
gtbey are kept away by 44 good luck," and that
niany of them will yet retrieve their cruise
by their . good fortune, though attended by
great exertions ami privations to which most
landsipen are strnngers.
As a cbis4, there are few possessed of more en
ergy and perseverance than the whalemen ; and
they deserve a degree of success of which many
of them will le deprived the present season. And
this, coining so close upon the unprecedented
good fortune of 1850, will be all the more ft It by
them, and occasion the more bitter disappoint
ment. But reverses mint be expected m every
branch of business anil trade, and whalers, as
well as others, must not despair.when overtaken
by them. Courage and perseverance will eventu
atly"vereome all ordinary reverses. "
Q.Weare happy in republishing the fol
lowing; taken from American papers recently
received through the. mail. They confirm the
views expressed by us two weeks since, in rela
tion to ihe dismissal of Capt. Frazer.
eOn the particular point of bis having been
impended, in consoquenee of the charge of his
having flogged one of his crew at the gangway,"
. we b-ive no fears that Capt. F. will not le able,
' most fully, to exculpate himself. The facts in
& the case, as we learn them from a perusal of
- official documents submitted for our inspec
tion, are, that one of bis crew, for biting off
a part of the noe of one of bis. ship-mate, was
sentenced, by the crew themselves, who sat as a
sort of court in the matter, to have one-balf of
: bis bead shaved,' to be whipped at the gangway
- at the discretion of the captain, -to be sent out of
the ship, and to have bis clothes and wages con-
foled to the use of the injured party. This
was the award of the crew. Was it executed to
the letter ? y No; the benevolent feelings of
f . g, Cnpt. F. shielded bim from all but the whipping,
? " (some 19 lashes, only), with which the injured,
' ,: man declared himself satisfied. : His head was
' . " not shaved ; his clothes were not confiscated,
' and bis wages only retained till he should join
' another ship. But in this respect the heuevo
lence of Capt, F.-supplied the offender with
t, funds from his own pure sufficient for his neces
'' tiCi anil his w ages were ultimately paid him
CTWt when it is known that the above trans-
actiufJis alt occurred in February, and that Capt
,,Fv was. only.; officially notified of the passage of
the law abolishing flogging in tae navy in Jiprtl,
v'. i result of an 'investigation,' we apprehend,
? wJ not La a matter of much doubt with our
"f readers. But here are the items referred to.
- CArtAtir FaXEt. or the Revecc Seevice.
Vi graph is poing the rouinls of ihe pmV
liC iirr statiu tout Capt. r razer. eoinmandms
"one i f liie He venue vessels on ibe Pacific, has
t : i i -1- - : i .i r, ' r
i t. i fnrtKr.yaU J Tw voniradict all the' rumours and
CT tteC2nt w kc'.t emanate from this city and are
; v. ereod broad over the country, would : be, as
VCa have f ' ' occasion, before to remark, a gi
'rar-"'-" v ""'Ah a t';e prent instance, there
i-1 . it'hutrt f ..di:.n f.r the reprt than what
" . uac"j''i'-l in 'niiierons other Cane, -The
',. - ! . 'po rr t V" 7 a ommbiiioiied officer rests
... v'; oi.v- .,'.;5m14 ; .iVnlent ; "t we underntaml the
' -f V? . Dmi--'-ii Z.?$v$peKl. -Ct, Frazer, in eon-
' ' ' t-f 'he chnrf e d" havingi3igged one
of L. . . -w ; at li n' iWjwjiJI ( " violation of , the
' " ' " -. act cf Coiii " 'j et ,rl punishment
' - and otit . !-roir 'tie-'Dcimrtment is-
" aued in pursuance of t:'.! law .Capl. TraMr, of
rotiVM, wv Le Lcra vJ..h'; iw t-.oro aay
' auei vtneasnre a a carrizd
. '' into eC'. ' h: J 'jexeerr v -Or vfi
Cuiit 'JAfTsin FaAXZ.T I?aw
. . fork C .r.irir u: tC trath
anaov j i i ? r ye'' - . -" i 4
, ' J; lieea di- Ari f.. . . rz.k s rt'. 'ontis
;ru u... . f t. ('
7V Mr: Ay
-v "Fratsrt ti hi -,
in fciui a LAri
i t de. , ,.
toe secretary r . . rz' t t
t be .Department at tie t':; il
! ail to have occurr V.LOt Fill
. . 4-.- . - ..
- a. tj
belonged ti i.e i.t.
rime aga on cra'cs t A
-. n on shore t r- i
tfaeAtttnI cfjuri J'J' V
were lost :jt'
ibe f- .
tl. ilh: -Cr
"Died on the morninr of the 1st of -October,
His Excellency James Yocaa Kakehoa. fo-Qr
nor of Maui, ased 54 vears.-' 'Frctin a member n;
the fa nily we have recei vet! the'TolIuwing brie
sketch of his life. . " jt, .' : - -
James Young Kanehon was Ihe second son o
John Young and Nanmkuelua his first wife
(who died 20th , July. ISM.) He. was born at
Kawaihae, on the 7ih of August,' 1797. On the
9th of Octolier, ;1806, he left these Wands" for
Boston, in the United States, in ibe shi Pearl
in care of the late Capt. Johii Ebbets; be made a
long stay in the States, and afterwards made as
many as fifteen voyages to England, principally
from Philadelphia. - On bis return to these Is
lands, he was formally married according to the
rites of the church of England, to Sarah .eldest
laughter of the late Isaac Davie, of Milford
perhaps this was the first christian marriage per
formed on the Islands. He li veil fur a time with
Kamebameba I., but soon after, went to sea
ain, viniiing China and other countries.
He afterwards lived with Liholiho, and visi
ted England with him, as interpreter to the dis
astrous expedition of 1823; he returned with the
body of bis deceased king, and remained with
Raahumanu; subsequently he went to reside at
Kauai, where he became a member of the church
and was appointed judge at Koloa; after the
restoration of the Independence of the Islam!,
be was summoned to Oabu, ami was aptointed
one of the original Board of Commissioners for
quieting land titles, ami on the elevation of his
brother to the Premiership, was appointed by
His Majesty, governor of Maui, which office is
vacant by bis death.
When we have more space we will publish
some interesting particulars relating to thefami
ly of Young, and the interview between the Ha
waiian Chiefs, and George the IV,' in 1824, at
Windsor CasUe, on which occasion, the late
James Young acted as Interpreter.
Akothii Whalir Lost. The brig Wyan-
dott, Bush, arrived on the 2nd, from the Arctic,
bringing the captain ami crew of the Am. whale
ship Acuhnet, Bradley, of Fair Haven, and a
part of the cargo saved from that ship.
We learn from Capt. Bradley, that the Acush
net was wrecked on ihe 16th of Ana., on St.
Lawrence Island. Heavy weather, ice, fog ami
currents all combined to effect the disaster. The
ship was a total los, but crew all saved.
Capt. B. expresses many thanks to Capt. Bush
for the assistance rendered, and kindness shown
him and bis crew in their misfortunes. He also
says that the inhabitants of St. Lawrence Island
treated them like brothers : that is, they divided
equally all they could lay their hands upon, but
showed kindness to their persons, and offered
them no indignities.
The A. had 1,300 barrels of oil when lost,
about 250 of w hich were saved by the Wyandott.
It is resonably to be feared that many ships
will never be beard from, that have been lost in
be Arctic this season, lu the midst of ice, fog,
and storms, it is the opinion of ship-masters now
in port, that many have gone down, without a
witness, or a helping band in the hour of distress.
Time alone will develop the truth of these feari,
which we trust will prove groundless.
We are indebted to Capt. Nosworth of brig
Gulnare, for a file of San Francisco papers, for
which be has our thanks.
& The 4th of July was observed in London
w ith great eclat, and was one of the grandest af
fairs that has taken place in the British Metrq-
....! - .. i . ..
ru,, ,UI man jcur, .a grami i inner given
by Mr. Peubody, an American merchant, was at
tended by several hundreds of the English no
bility, the most prominent of whom was the
Duke of Wellington, who took a feat beneath
the American flag and the portrait of Washing
ton. The cost of this banquet was $ 1 5,000. '
On the 4th of July, also, a voluminous De-
cUratinnbf Independence was proclaimed in the
island of Cuba, setting forth the grounds of com
plaint against the Spanish government, and inti
ling co-operation from all the inhabitants of the-
island.. A battle was fought the same day, in
which the government troops were defeated, a
result which inspired the insurgents with great
confidence, and brought to their aid a Lirge
number in the vicinity of Puerto Principe. The
long agitated affairs of Cuba have thus reached a
crisis that must result. in consequences of the tit-
moat importance. J Independence, or a state of
more "gulling snhjert?on, will follow this bold
movements Spain will not yield this last gemof
her once vast.' American iwgeMions without . a
lesjterate struggle. Jor.wbich she seems - abuu
dantly prepared.'. But when the spirit of a peo
d is oiiea arcusl by. oppression to strike for
all that remurrs; l.; worth a eroat, there is a
moral eeru''y lat they will ultimately triumph.
The aCT.!. : cf Cuba nave assumed, an imimr-
lant phas-y fh the world will watch with iil-
MA9st.i.SHTxa-At the - March term of the
$upretue rourt of New Zealand,7 a Ha waiian by
the name of "Kaki," was indicted for ithe mur
der or Jaeky Xlaitara," also a Hawaiian,- at
th Day of islands oa the 1 0th January last. ; .
i .The pfvinpfi p4 beiuj, called ujon lor plead
to th iiclmet;?! ttid4,be .wa,giii,ltjr of having
kil. lcase.l, but he did not iutend in bis
.1 ConuT,' iapplied lo the
.1 ti:a prisoner, he lm
'Mr. " Aowham, at
c. r ... ;r" 7a Jefend the
i ..1,'tTKl llS t -ra of the
, I . t . x prvsoner.
Hi f . J rjaier-
. U ; U-pre-
t f 2 i v r -' ; '
Bua friend of Vu Uawauan, Government,
REVIEW OF AN ."Address to the House1 of
Representative ofMhe Hawaiian Kiiiadom,: on
the inefficney -of buh duties n spirits in promo-
tins temperance, morouty and revenue &c.r Sic.
by Robert Cricliton Wyllie Esq: p Minister of
roreign Kelations, Honolulu, Uahu 1851."
5". Chaftex ,IH.--This chapter is particularly
devoted to ihe great Financial measure, which
one of the King's Ministers undertook to carry
alone," against the policy of thegovermneRt. . It
claims our attention,-as the balm of Gilend
which is to heal every national evil by promo
ting temperance, morality',' and revenue. Hear
him.-Page 16.) : ' "
'"."But 'you will naturally ask, what duties
would you ndvisft us lo impose in lieu of those
i.'iipose'd by the joint resolution of 3d April, 1846?
I shrink not from a clear and unequivocal re
ply." After a degression, he proceeds, (on page
17.) . . ., ,
'l would instantlv repeal the joint resolution of
Sd April, 1846, which gives to r ranee, over nil
ihe others, an undue advantage, for which she
has not been a's thankful as she ought to have
Iteen. I would place all other nations upon an
exact footing of parity with her. Now, how is
this to lie done : It may be done in a very sim
ple and easy manner.
. Impose a duty of one hundred per cent, ad
valorem, on brandy ami other spirits ilistiileil
from a rain or other materials, cordials, abynihe,
arrnck, curacoTi, keisrhenwasser, liqururs, mar
aschino and all other spirituous beverages of a
2. Impose a duty of 40 per cent, ad valorem,
on burgundy, champagne, claret, madeira, port.
sherry, and all other wines and imitations of
3. Impose a duty of SO per cent, ad valorem.
on ale, beer, tiort-r, cider, perry, in cask or in
4. Impose a duty of 20 per cent, ad valorem,
on rum, brandy, and all other spirituous liquors
distilled in the Hawaiian Island from narire pro
duce, ' and.allow a draw buck of the full duty on
all that may Im exported for foreign consumption,
rot course this presupposes the reteal oll ex
isting laws that prohibit domestic distillation.)
.5. Impose a duty nl e iier rent, ad Valorem,
on all wines and imitation- of wines, made in
the Hawaiian. Islands, from unlive grapes, or
other fruits, and allow a drawimrk of the full
duty on all that may be exjiorted for foreign cot
6. Impose n duty or 6 per rent, aa valorem,
on nil ales and other fermented liquors, brewed
in the Hawaiian Islands, from native grains, nml
allow n drawback of the whole duly on all that
may lie exported for foreign consumption.
I would promise that the three hrst should
take effect only after 12 months from the date of
publication, to allow lime tor storks to workofl
and for all vessels coming from foreign ports to
know the law before they could import a cargo
Here, in a nutshell, you have the grand pro
ject, r irst, an instantaneous repeal ol the pre
sent law which imposes a high duty. Second,
hree sorts of duty to take effect' after twelve
months to be put in pickle a whole year before
using, to allow time for stocks to work off!
and third, three other sorts of fluty to be impo
sed on articles which do not exist, and never
ought to exist, in these Islunds.
The instanlaneou$ repeal of the duty of five
lollars per gallon, would produce such a shock
upon the regular trade, they must have -a year
to recover from its effects, before 75 cents per
gallon can be imposed as a sulistitute I. News of
his repeal would, in three weeks reach Califor
nia, in three mouths all over the rum dealing
world, and the way their stocks would work off
towards these Islands would be a caution I A
year of perjeel treeiiom troni duties, not even
the 5 per cent duty, mind; no doubt it would al
ow time for all vessels coming from foreign ports'
o fcnotc the law before ihey could import n car
go under it. Yes from 9 to 1 1 months before,
and a grand time they would have of it, enough
to bring tears of joy from a puncheon. -
We must, admit His Excellency's measure
would be a remedy for smuggling, that process
hyCvhich some liquors are landed without pay
ing duty; very simple" remedy, which allows
landing without duty to all, for a wholn year.
Look out for temperance, morality, and revenue,
about these days, as the old almanac says. Now
raisey our banner, shout, for your day of triumph
has come ! We have already noticed one of His
Excellency's favorite principles, that the morality
of a country is somewhat in proportion to the
spirits drank by the people, and soon we would
have an opporymiiy of witnessing the efficacy
of rum in promoting morality and temperance;
not Utopian temperance, but the other kind, the
genuine simon pure.
During this momentous year, a tax .is to be laid
upon distilleries. Why ? Suppose there were
distilleries in the Islands, will His Excellency
just let us know why they are to pay a tax of 20
jer cent A tax considerably heavier than the
old paahao tax. It cannot be that his object 1s,
after all, to discourage them, that would be pre
posterous. We take it for certain he favors dis
tilleries, considers them part of a great system,
beneficial to morals, temperance, &c. Then why
subject I hem to such an exorbitant tax? Is thai
his method of promoting agriculture, domestic
produce fee. ? Does the minister intend next to
tax sugar and coffee 20 per cent? It seems hard
that so useful and praiseworthy an article as rum
should lie so treated by a professed friend; really
since his heart was so bent upon, inducing the
Legislature to impose those taxes on distilleries
it was a keen idea, that of opening the ports to
foreign liquors a whole year .begin with
There is an air of sincerity about bis professions
in this business which looks suspicious, ami we
take it there is about as much for distillers to
fear as to' hope for, from such legislation.'- If
they want a leler. it u to, be' hojied itsy will
choose the Minister of Xvreigu Relation.
But lb Honorable II6so of Representatives
win co", ;;r w?"" " vra't-Ay f. 'rw. on matters
.nrj,.:"' Viantly, witw ona
. ; ........
-1 t -
" l'scattrre! a , er
' . . . j ? ' .. ed ij men well
f, :.1: i trproacbala with bribes, either of
money cV driux. Their salaries would be enor
mous. r Let us quote another paragraph, respec
ting a duly upon foreign spirits. ' "
i "The duty that I have luggested, of one hun
dred per cent; a4 valorem, would not be so high
JK l'-i r ' iJ
on, out it wouni ue more eCeetual la pre
tion would soon swelt uu to 15.000 or .
20,000 gallons, per annum. "(page 27) ':
' This shows that His Excellency really need
not believe there is much smuggling, any bow
if there is, if the consumption was really 24,756
gallons in low, it wouia naruiy swell up to 10,
000 gallons under the fostering case of ibis Min-
istcr." Suppose consumption swollen tip to 20,
000 gallons, 100 per cent, ad valorem, (page 18)
would amount to some 15,000 dollars, but if the
distilleries go into operation, if they keep out fo-
reign liquor, and niake the 20,000 gallons here,
iht-n the revenue from this source would be, say
5,000 dollars per annum. , Forty one thousand
dollars of revenue per annum, finds here a shab-
by substitute, leaving a pretty round sum to lie
screwed out of sugar, coffee and other natite
prrxluctions- If however the object to be gain
ed is of sufficient importance, doubtless the plan-
tors would try to bear it.
"But there is no reason why all laws contrary
to the immediate adoption of suggestions No's dicate the course to be pursued Tiy those iiiteres
4, 5, and 6, should not be at once repealed. It is te'! in ,he cauae of education among this people.
lue to the interests of Hawaiian planters and
agriculturists that they should be repealed, and proving the means of education, so Jong as Jhi
they may be repealed, without any injury what- atruction is confined to 'the" natiie tonguer'lt
everto the cause of temperance. "(Mr. Wyllie's
kind of temperance.) "It no more follows that
because people make spirits, they are to drink it,
then because a miller makes flour, be is to eat
it." (Page 18.)
That is very true. It no more follows, but it
follows just as much. If millers take no toll, all
the world over, if millers eat no flour, if as a
class they avoid the free use of the article whirh
they produce, then do rum makers likewise. Do
they muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth
out the corn ? On this point we would be too
happy to see a few statistical tables.
For the Poljnwisn.
Ma. Editor. The friends of temperance
need not he under the slightest alarm as to the
ultimate fate of the present attempts to establish
distilleries upon the different sugar plantations
within this group of Islands, for like the j ivelin
in the hands of aged Priam it falls to the ground
without a stroke,
It is possible that the Planters have allowed
lhemelve to be imposeil upon by cunning and
designing men who have mearely a view to their
own selfidi interests and advancement without
any regard for the prosperity of the Planta
t ions. . '
Huon the Island of Maui in consequence of the
great scarcity of waier ami the elevation of the
m iufit tins no still could be workel.rofitahly, the
worm tub or vat must bo kept cool and a large
supply of water is required for that purpose, the
temperature being so very low the fermentation
would go on very tardy, indeed it would require
artificial heat to produce a brisk fermentation.
The public seem to be under the impression
that it is from the skimmings, only, that Rum is
made: this is a ve ry great mistake and requires
correction, for from 15 to SO per cent of molas-
sea is required in charging the fermenting vats
in order to obtain good returns.
Distilleries upon the plantations here would
not pay one percent upon the outlay of capital,
in erecting suitable buildings, &c. Sec. The
rum would be sent out new ami unwholesome,
and prejudical to the public health ; it would jn-
flame the blood, brimrin on fever. nd r.11,J
death, as it Jias done alreadv in rerr nomernn
instances upon the West India Islands. It would
be impossible for the Government to enforce
any restrictions, however severe, to prerent the
overseer, and kanakas from drinking it. .
Rum requires nge and a long sea voyage to
render it fit for use. -
Three-f mrths of thekkimmirgs, heretofore
thrown away may very easily lie saved to the
plantations and no wate whatever take place;
lit can be made into good sugar or syrup, &e.
The scum that first rises upon the clarifiers and
th6 settlings can be put to no earthly use, unless
perhaps to throw it upon the lands as man
ure. Now, Mr. Editor, as you and your friends
seem to take a lively interest-in the prosperity of
the plantations, I would respectfully recommend
you 10 seek for some other cause than the want
of stills to account for the present difficult
ies. Amiccs Veritatus.
East Maui, 221, Sep. 1851.
fOur correspondent above seems to speak
"from the bonk" in his remarks upon stills and
distilling. Having had a large experience in
ibe Island of Santa Cruz, it is presumable that
his opinions are entitled to weight with those who
nre most interested, in aiecuniary sense, in this
The question of accounting "for the present
difficulties," is one quite independent of that of
distilling. The want of capital , we apprehend
is the principal cause of the embarrassment of
most of the ? planters. Small and inefficient
mills, want of exjterience, and more particularly
a' want of sugar, doubtless'has much 10 do with
it. Good sugar we understand, readily sells at
$100 per ton, at which price,' we have been told,
planters can well afford to make it, even at the
present rate of wages ; and the proprietors of two
plantations now under way, have asserted that
1 bey would lie perfectly satisfied with that price
for all they can make fo the next five years. -
There is not inuch fear that it will be less, du
ring that period, but quite a probability that it
will range above that figure, which will add lo
the profits of the. planters in the same ratio.
i We do take a "li vet interest in the prosperity
of the plantations," and believe, they ' will ulti
mately" succeed without r mdvenfire ; but at
present they are laboring t, ..erdifSculties which
i-iV 'y, involve" lieni,, hot the, general , in-
.J f trail? and ill Cher branches of busi
iu tie.Pael" V .'-'An i Overitec!: tow prises,
Z t:r:iea cijtrtctzflxea every de-
' :. I ryj' tv;: V csrsxjr. Jreas-
3 ( i " '- t'.vit : time. -and
y L 1 --wd in due time.
tS Cre;mrys rtress baakvain furnished
us with late fiiee of San Francisco paiers, the
latest yet received ibe WUmls, for w hich our
thanks are most cheerfully accorded. ', v."".:
Foa Sir Fearcisco. A mail wilt be made
up at the Post office and despatched by the"Kor-i-nor,"
which eaili for the above port on Wed
nesday or Thursday next. ' ;
- U tit. Eoixoa. It seems clearly demonstfa
,h; Egbsh language is rfestiqeifto pre-
I vail in iLj group of islands. It hi now the adop-
Med medium for the transaction of 'business on
; the part or government. t The native M ducar
ded wherever the English can take iu place.
u" nwoe iangoag mnj tominut io p spoken,
but In all reasonable probability it will never be
ibe medium through which this people can ac-
quaint themselves with history, science,' or any
branch of useful knowe,d.e. This conclusion
seems just, because universal consent favori.the
intrwlnctiun of foreign tongue.' It i 'well
known fact, that the business of translating
works ol a standanl character, baa already
ceased, in a great measure. The .printing ami
Iwiok-binding establishments of the Am. mission,
are yearly being curtailed. J he native bilile
- and hymn-book, and a few other primary books
are the only ones n demand; this demand is
small and not likely to increase.- ; .
These facts, taken into consideration, will in
here is no hope of greatly increasing or un-
must be pretty well known, from the structure
of it, that there is little chance of disciplining
the mind, in the process of its acquisition. The
simplicity of its orthography renders instruction
unnecessary, in this most important branch of an
English education. Now since the native
tongue can nefer meet the demands of an intel-
ligent people, and no one doubts the final extitic-
lion of it, it is certainly necessary to provide for
the education of the people in the adopted Ian
guage of the country. To this end, let the pre-
sent system be changed for one of thorough in-
struction in English.
If this measure were adopted, it would not im
pede at all the acquisition of the natives by those
who were in process of learning English. It
will be learned as a matter of course, nt least so
I think, without any expenditure of lime or labor
in support of a fjMetn of education fur that pur-
iose. II the English language should be adop
ted in the schools there would be no necessity ofj
communicating instruction in native any farther
n tote ch the art of reading, which as before
seen, can be acquired without very close alien
tion to study. . Yours, W.
ZT 1 here is force in the above remarks of
our eorresiotideiit, and perhaps the subject de
mands more consideration from the Minister of
Public Instruction than it has hitherto received
From the report of the Department of Public
Instruction to the last Legislature, the number of
schools reHirted was 543, with 15,303 scholars,
all of whom were taught in the Hawaiian lan
guage. It will readily be perceived that to pro
vide cometent English , teachers for those 543
schools, would require an amount of funds en
tirely beyond the means of the government.
The E glish langu;i.e might be introduced into
few at ,he m'l important points; but in all
toe remoter districts, where lew or no loreigners
reside, we conceive that it would be a. most diffi
cult matter to teach that language wiib any de
gree of success. For the common people, and
for the common purposes of life, a knowledge of
reading, ' riting and arithmetic is all that ihey
, , P- squire wnn lew excepuons.
,n,, ,hee ' the native language, ivnuld we ap-
prehend, be of more service to them, than the
For the Pilynema " - . -
Me. Editor. In looking over a recent No. of
the "Boston Cultivator," I-observed an article
upon the utility of Toads, a portion of which I
copy for your journal, hoping that it may serve
as a hint to those of your readers who are ex
tensively engaged in agricultural pursuits, and
who may have lamented ns I have the destructive
ravages of inserts upon their crops. Should it
be found that Toads will survive in our climate
(and I know of 110 reason w hy ihey should not)
would it not be advisable for the K. H. Agricul
tural Society to import a few.
"Utility of Toads.. These animals are very
useful in gardens; they live on insects, which
they devour without much regard to the species,
the selection being made by loads of different
sizes, according to the bulk they are able to
swallow. While be is small he is only able to
feed on groats, flies, the smallest beetles, Stc,
but when full grown will swallow almost all in
sects that iufest the garden whether in the lower!
or perfect state. The number of insects which
they are-capnble of devouring is surprising to!
one unacquainted with their habits. There is an
advantage which they have over fowls in gard
ens they do no injury to any plants, iheir
mode of taking their food being such that the
plants are scarcely touched in the act.
Would not the presence of these animals in our
fields, prevent or at least mitigate ihe ravages of
the poko, which sometimes cut off whole acres
of potatoes or corn in a very short space of lime.
Mr. Editor. More than one friend has as
sured me that the passage at page 22, of my ad
dress to the Legislature, which refers lolbe Pro
testant missionaries, as teetotallers, wbo prove
"that according to all outward indications of
health latadown by physiologists the system
does not seem to be favorable either to their com
plexions ot their health," has been understood in
an offensive sense. This I much regret, for
there is no body of men in the Island whom I
respect more than these same missionaries.
From the sincerity ofiny respect ami awl will
towards them, I will take aome pains to explain
the leading idea in my mind at the time I pen
ned that, perhaps inconsiderate remark. -Am
thinking at the moment "of the Naxarites, of
ivauiii eremian says, (Lamentations cbapt. IV,
Verse 7.) "Her Nazarites were purer than
snow, they were, whiter than milk, . they were
more ruddy in body than rubies, tbeir polishing
wee taphire." J - ..- -.:;"nr-s?-. , ..i
'. thrJ S'i.tf'mf: Scrip
turn in the sense that it pleased God to reward
t!ie Nsxames 1 tot ot?y with vigorous health, but
who tbe outward t cf it, TfcjU f am right
in ibat view, 1 1 h.Ts,.om lty following para
graph of the celebrated Dr.; Jnnin. ; "But be
sides the religious,, there Wr' t also be a eieil
awl prudential iiseeCj't'-i-., f rlritty
and temperance to wkicX Oe JZzzc cc?e
ound, heinx very eondueivt ts ' fcZxw)JL?L'
dingly they are celebrtted fv their fair acJ :
dy complexions.'-' ' . i V 1 -
-.-- .- 3--..r
Tne same test ofonrwarll'apearanee .,
rteoried by Daniel, cbfrpr. I. vtrsee l amf
"An J at the end of ten ffavs their coontttny
appeared fairer, ami faffer" m flesh' tban 4
the children which did ear" the portion of
Kings meat. Thua Melzar look- away ifc p.
tion of tbeir meat ami the wine that they i00
drink; and gave tbein pulse."
In the discussion of a great prtnef pie, afTeetL
no less the spiritual than lb temporal internal
of mankind, I should tie sorry to hcrt th (wl
ings of any man, or of any class of men; Yf(J
I to allow myself to be carried away hy a ttji
trary epint, I would forget alike the example J
our. blessed Saviour, who when be Was
... - ...... 7 --",
reviled not again, and bis precept, not to recon.
pense evil for evit. iT s a.
The wisest of men says "H that cuvenai
bis sine shall not prosper; but whoso confesses:
ami forsaketh them shall have merry.f
- If the rule be a good one for private men, (J
equally commendable for a puldie man, fur acj.
ther the faults of men, nor the evils of society n
to be cured by covering them up.
Honolulu, Sept. 23d. t ' R. C. W YLLI '
IJubUsljCu bn ntljoritn.
CH.UIBEKLAIN'S -NOTICE. u "
The Court will go into mourning for His Ei
celleocy, Jumes Young Kanehoa. the lata Cm
ernr of the lalaud ef Maui, fur IS day fron
inis uaie. , . - .. r ' .
Chamberlain's Office, Saturday. Oct. 4, 1851.-
Is conformity with' the laws, circulars have lees
issued from ibe Drparrfrvnt of Finance, in the
Hawaiian language, for the more perfect antler-
standing of all who pay and all wbo collect taxe?!
So far as foreigners are eo::cerued, the following
are the taxes :
, POLL TAX.
Every male adult subject of Hie Majesty $1,00
,, lemaie ,, - t
,, boys between 15 and 20 yeara of
- age, no. io. ench . . . 55,
girls .hei ween 15 and 20 yeaa of
age, u. lo. each . . 55e
Uirls residing wiih their parents are ex- ""
' empted by law from ibis- fa. t
Every male suljert of bis Majesty a
This tax is for the exclusive suiiport ofeum'
mou scikmiis in ine iiisirici. - 1 . .... - .- .
Every foreigner, subject or alien, resuf-
ing or iboiig liusiness in ihe eiiy
" " of rlonidulu, if without children
under legal age . - . . 3,00
..werj loreigner, as auove, caving rs)il-
- nren ii wier Irga 1 nge 5,0
This tax is 10 lie subject lo the order of "ih
scnool committee if Honolulu." '
.' TAX ON ANIMALS. -
For every dog, without exception, if
- b re oi the 1st day of January
For every horse, male or female, whether
used r imt ; -
For every mule or ass as above J -. " ; '
Colts and foals of asses, under two years
.out are exempted, by law, from
this tax. "
The land tax has lieen abolished bv the Kin.
uipuiicii, subject to tne approval by tbt
nrxt LegirUture. ... .. , , .. . .
D.: r :i . t - . . . . r
1 De tax-gaiherersarr intnriel in -!! .t
i'ar, commencing an Itie 1st. ot October, lur
the purpose of recording ihe above taxes. If not
paid at ibe lime, or before the 1st day f Jhb.,
one more call will be made, after which all un-
paitl taxes will be placed in ibe hum! f the pro-'
. ? . f t - a .
lcr pamrs nir collection ny process or law. ;
A suitable person is employed, on each islalnl;
10 couect tnese taxes ol foreigners. "
G. P. JUDD, Minister of Finance.
. Treasury-Office, Honolulu. Oct. Isr., 1351
TK. C......-..I ..P I r mr - .
will take place this day, at 10 o'clock, aiid 1&1
procession will proceed to the Royal Cemetsrj
in the order prescritad for the funeral of the latr
Chief, W. P. Leileiohoku. The puWic are in
vited to attend at the house of Dr. Rooke.
, Bees. We are happy to learn that the Recor
ding Secretary of the K. H. Agricultural Society
has received notice from ; Hobart town, (bat a
hive of bees will be forwarded to that Society bv
the first conveyance after the proper season fur
sending them arrives. This anticipated colon;
of industrious little workers, will be gladly wel
comed at the Islands, where they are much need
ed. . ,. . .
PIED. c , v, . ,
rP- M.Maiania, a native of Hani, wife of Joha VTiUi
Ort. I, a wd. liip 9am. Boberuwa. of coasaatotiee. OUk
a alir of the Henrejr til a ads. rt
T.dpL9' : "0,,P,'t,. Etijaii' 3T. Tobef, aoa of
- j " noenn, ate. i
POUT OF HONOLULU.
8V' S9-A bk Desdrmnaa, rairfr, tl fa Ant aria.
Br bt W.ter Lily, Buntwo, 6. fa, Bukanowa.
B.f P"". ". Im Sitka.
30. Am sho Radii r a. rmk.. 17 H. r.
rt-- Br Paeramenirt, Gwalkiaa, 90 Ss An Sa Trumcwa.
3.m kk Arco, Im, CbOia, 90 Sa na 8aa rnaciatav
Br bg Gulnarr, Nwwortb, 17 4 fat . do . , .
gept iTA-wa .bp Moaireal. FUb, Im Arrtfc, 14ao.
Am "b ' t'a"',"' Allea, Im Ocai.a Sea, ISaav
60 pm, 2940 wb,0 booo.
. baapioa, Bailey, fm Arctic, 15 atos, U0 wa,
Oct. lSamL BJbertwm, Wasbbnra, fin Amie. JS aMaaaL
' VV 50 apin, 2700 wb, 13,000 boaa.
A-CaBeo' rwKk, fat Areiir.aj aW.7Soai. 25wll
iWHoatwaa, Gibba, fia Arctic, 14 wa, 806 wb, 15,H
aVarjr, Cldridce, fia Arctic. 11 aw. ldj na. 3J0 mK
V Relea Aagaata, fakfn, to Airtk, Ifti we, GOO
Sept. SR. Br bp Mry CatheriiK, Fox, for ffrtfacyi
' 29Br bk Vfk, Dualejr, Valparaiao.
S9rr bk Abrille, LeTiea, Tahiti'
. ... 30-Aa abp Badaga, Cooke, Saasgaaav " .
; i Shinping in PnrtV'
Tt bet Jena Lacie, Lapair. , ; t ?. -st -'
. Am hp Atdebaran, LiTernom. ' i t
Am wh bp Geo and Snaaa, Wirht,
Br wb abp Bboae, Oeaaia, . . '
Am wb .bp jTwJlU, Croaa; " ?
Aa bk Wiaalow, 8M1L - ' - ! - ' c
- Am bk J A BnUor, Gardaeiy - V - .- - . -1
be Oa Worta.
' Be b Conalr, NaaL
Fr bk Oreaa, Fuiwio.
" Haat bk CbnMiaaa, Kastedt.
Uaw bg Baltloaoea, Kaanaa. - . "'
: Am bk LeaiisUaa, Willi. dm.
; H B M be Swift, Aldbam. -' v . J .s V.
Am bn Mlarrr. ttmtrt. r-Si1. -
'. - ... .... - i MJ fi?--ir'.!t,., J
-:. c-- t . Memornndn i'.
' Uatef ip..poke. aaant iroai ia lb.' Arcbe .
Bbcnag 8trait, aad vicinity. .... v . . rr
g. IsAAbigal, Toaag, 14 wbala tfeasssaav ' ' ':
5 v AaSia, Caw, 7 wbaioa tbts aaaaaav , !' '-"V '
; Aaaair, ewiit, ejeaa. Baa koagV tow wreck M"?
Uk'tt, aad waa grttfpi TfwrtMcae IM "
Vrra'vasa. Deol. wkaiea u.
- T-?v:ia, rtaitl, 3 wbalea iL
: . Udridre, 1 aeaaa UJaaear
U J.ltWiOiK -
' Cti, Doxteavdaaa. c-, -. ,
" Vaaet, Stocaaa,. - :.- A w,.;
f5- Va I fcl'-
v ... i,1 cr .7 - - .
Am aca Cof Finning, Catbeart. '
Am bk Mary Wilder, Cleavelaad. " '
Haw ar Naiiieaaeaa, Brtekwood, 9 saas.'; t
Am bk W H fOiaHwreofaa-r