Newspaper Page Text
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H0N0LU1U, S A T U RDAY71 A N UTRYlTrTR59T
pnbli shed weekly at Honolulu, Oabn, Hawaiian Is
EDWIN O. HALL, EDITOR.
On copy per annum, in advance, ' $ 600
One copy six months, in advance, 3 so
Single copies, 12 r
Rates of Advertising.
One square, ( 1 6 lines ) first insertion, $ 1 00
One square ( 16 lines) each continuance, 25
Half square (8 lines or less) first insertion, 50
nau square (8 lines or less) each continua., 121-2
Cards, Notices, &c, not exceeding one half
. square, by the year. - - 5 00
"Cards, Notices, etc, not exceeding one sq., 8 00
Yearly advertising not exceeding one half
column, - - - . 30 00
Yearly advertisinir not exceeding one col en m
ZT" Yearly advertising limited to the advertiser's
Legal Advertisements. Twenty five cents per
uas v uuu uuu, auu six ana one iourtn cents
for each subsequent insertion.
?y Subscription to the Polynesian is payable invariably
C?-Xo transient advertisements will be inserted, unless
HOUSES, LAND, &c
TX)R SALE close to the beach fronting on
j juumumana and Merchant streets, in the follow
ng lots fronting on Merchant street :
No 1, 40 ft 3 in front, 87 ft lOin back.
No 2, 40 ft 3 in front, 101 ft 8 in back.
No 3, 40 ft 3 in front, 108 ft 6 in back.
No 4, 40 ft 3 in front, 41 ft back.
No 5, 44 ft 1 1 in front on Merchant st.
do 41 ft front on Kaahumanu st.
Fronting on Kaahumanu street.
No 6, 41 ft front, 85 feet 2 in back. Sold.
No 7, 41 ft front, 85 ft 2 in back.
ripply to STJ RKEY, JANION & CO.
Honolulu, Sept 26,tf-20
M VALUABLE house and lot for sale. The
new and commodious house recently erected
bv toe subscribers, situated on Betitania st. ad
joining the residence of Dr. Rooko. Said house
b bu.lt in a most thorough manner of the very best
materials. It contains fourteen rooms with a cel
lar underneath 36x23 ft. Adjourning tht same is a
bathing house, cook house, an excellent well of
water, etc Said house is well adapted for a hotel
or genteei boarding house. For further particulars
tf-19 R. A. S. WOOD.
The New York Herald, of Aug. 14th, says ;
"Messrs. Gregory are the first company to bring a
consignment of gold dust by the Nicaragua route.
The passage was made in 29 days, and when the
route is completed, it is expected that it will only re
quire about 22 davs from San Francisco to New
Fackages of every description insured, forwarded
. and delivered, as addressed, by the Agent as follows;
Messrs. Thompson & Hitchcock. . -X. York.
Messrs. Kinsley & Co. ... 11 and 13 State st.
Messrs. Burns, Couves & Co., Orleans
llarnden's southern Express" . ) "
Messrs. Rawle, Drinker, & Co. . . .Hongkong,
Messrs. Mitchell & Co. . . .Honolulu, Oahu.
Our Express messengers, (having safes and state
rooms for security,) on the river steamers, leave San
Francisco daily at 4 o'clock, for the following Branch
Offices, via Bcnicia and Sacramento :
Marysville, Downicville, Rough, and Ready,
' Nevada City Mormon Island, Georgetown,
Grass YalleV, Coloma, Auburn, and
Haasrtown. Webcrville. Mines on the Amer
ican, uba, and Feather rivers, and their forks and
Also, by Stocton to Angels, Carson's, Jamestown,
and the Mines on the Mokelumne, Calaveras, Stanis
laus. Tuolumne. Mercedes and Mariposa rivers.
A weekly Express is also dispatched to Humbolt
liar. Trinidad, to Jfortland, ana otner cities in ure
50a, to Honolulu, Hongkong, and also, to Canton,
The New York "correspondent of the Alta Califor
nia. Julr 3rd : Savs.
"Gregory's faithful and reliable Express is waiting
for me so I will conclude, hoping you will receive
Ibis, aa Gregory delivers every thing entrusted to his
care, whether it be a bag of gold dust worth five
hundred thousand dollars, or a letter from a gold
rigger to his amiable and interesting wife in the At
N. B. This is the only Express through from the
States, which runs beyond ban r rancisco.
Drafts at sight on the above omces.
Depositee received for safe keeping.
The highest price paid for clean gold dust
JOSEPH W. GREGORY", Proprietor,
Fire proof Banking house and Remittance
. office, corner Merchant and Montgomery
tf-28 Sts. San Francisco.
Liverpool Underwriters Association.
Underwriter Rooms, )
I.iveroool . 25th Oct. I
mule . ..If 4 A -11 -hrtm ifr ma rnnceril.
that the Committee for managing the affairs of
-1 . - I 1 J f Gl.rLflv
ue Association, save tpwiuicu imcsoid.
. . . . 1 . . i c i ... : i.
Jimon & Co., to act as ineir a gem at me bmuwioi
Inland antiiM tn tha annexed instructions which
are to be exhibited on all occasions where the agent
may be required to act, so that no misunderstand-
n? may arise with the parties assurea or ineir np-
- . J . . 1 . . - C . I I . ...I.J in
tseiKativee, aa to tae eaieni 01 iuiuiii;
"No power from this Association can divest the
sured, their agents, or assignees, or the masters
t MaI f tVr ritrhf mrr nrnnertV which law has
riven them ; but it is presumed that the assured or
their representatives will readily avail themselves of
we assistance ot an agent, wno is appwimcu j
lli niiJiipirni.n tn art in their behalf, and whose
co-operation will facilitate the settlement of loss or
"erage with the underwriters."
By order of the Committee,
IS-tf THOMAS COURT, Sec'y.
T)ILLS OF LADING for aale at the Polynesian
1J offiea. Julyzeu-ii
QUGAR ! Sugar ! ! Sugar ! ! ! Koloa Sugar for
"f HM Dy A9-II Minx;-
X CARTS. Six Ox Carts for sale by
45tf 'A. P. EVERti
R SALE tn an-Ivo i cattle sugar mills, bor-
ootsl with rolls 22x15. By
tf R. C JANION.
pOOPERAGEv-C. H. Marshal, having taken the
J atand on the earner of Fort and Hotel streets,
JjearIy oppo.it, hi. old stand, would respectfully in
"rm the public that he is now prepared to execute
"y orders in the cooperage line, at the shortest
and oa the most reasonable terms. Tubs,
baths, and work of every description made
o order. ...v ; Feb. 15, 1851 ,-40-ly
HENRY MACFARLANE begs
10 acquaint bis friends, and Gentleme
arriving in Honolulu, that hia Hnt
will be found to possess every requisite accom
modation ; Wines, Spirits, Ale and Porter, of su
penor quality, superior Billiard Tables and Bow
mg Alleys. Hot, Cold, and Shower Baths.
wincB, If laiTSf ETC., PCX BOTTLE.
Champagne, - - $2 50
Whiskey - - - $2 50
Brandy, MarteU's K 60
best,- - - 5
Gin, Schiedam, best 2 50
Ale,- - - - - 75
Porter, - - - 75
Cordials & Liquers 200
Old Tom, ... 2
Hot Baths, - 00
Cold and Shower Baths, ------- 50
Honolulu, September 21st, 1850. 19-ly
HOTEL DE FRANCE. VIC
TOR CH ANCEREL would respectfully
ti lends and the public
known stand, where he will be bappv at all times
to wait upon those who may favor him with their
The bar will alwavs be supplied with the best
liquors and cigars. The table will be furnished
from the very best the market affords. Board bv
the day or week. Pic-nic and private parties sup-
uiicu a. 1 anon nonce, uooa Bieepinz rooms at.
tacnea to the premises. Sept 14 ly-18
THE UNDERSIGNED having ta
ken the premises known as the Canton Hotel, late
ly occupied by Mr. Samuel Thompson, beers to no
tify the residents of Honolulu and transient visitors
generally, that their bar will be constantly supplied
with the choicest of Wines, Liquors, etcand the table
with the best viands the market affords, bavins; se
cured the services ol a hrst rate cook and steward
they hope by assiduity and strict attention to busi
ness, to merit a snare of the public patronage.
N. B. A well htted Billiard. Room, Bowling Al
leys and sleeping apartments attached to the pre mi
ses. JOHN UAKTLETT & CO
Honolulu, July 20,-10-Cm
T)ROWN & FRIEL, would respectfully
u notify their friends and the public generally
that thev have taken the above named establish
ment, where they will be happy to receive the calls
01 those who may lavor them with their patronage
The rooms are airy, and fitted up in elegant style
The bar will always be supplied with the choicest
of wines, liquors and cigars. Two good bowling
alleys are connected with the house.
Strangers visiting this port, and gentlemen resi
dent in Honolulu are respectfully invited to call
and examine tor themselves. Iz-ly.
rZj&L I he above House has recently
been opened as a first class Hotel. No expense has
been spared in fitting it with every modern conve
nience lor comiort and elegance, ine car will
always be supplied with the best of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars: and the proprietor hopes by strict at
tention to the wants of his customers, to merit
share of the public patronage.
Honolulu, Sept. 7, 1S50. 17 ly.
Ilenrv Macfarlane begs to inform his patrons and
visitors to Honolulu that he has just re-opened the
boarding department for the season; and that he in
tends, by supplying the table with every luxury that
the market can afford, and paying strict attention to
the comfort of his boarders, &c. to merit a renewal of
the approbation which his house has always received.
I IT ileal hours 8, 2, and 6 1-2 o'clock.
Honolulu Oct. 1.1851-22-tf.
THE BEST QUALITY
IN ANY QUANTITY,
L. L. T&BERT,
HONUAULA, EAST MAUI.
Cargoes bought on commission at 1 50 per ton
or 12 1-2 cents per bbl.
Enauire in ionolulu of A. P. Everett, or Makee,
Antbon & Co.
There is a greater proportion of the RED pota
toes at Honuaula than at any other part of the po
Honuaula is the most convenient anchorage at
the Island of Maui, to get cargoes on board.6m-17
CHARLES BURGESS gives notice to the resi
dents of Honolulu that he is able to supply
them with all kinds of jewelry, viz : wedding rings,
Keeper's stone set, plain and chased scale rings,
ear hoops, shirt studs, wrist buttons, gold vest but
tons, etc, etc, etc. Jewelry repaired. Old gold,
silver, and California coin bought.
ICJ- A few very handsome cornelian stones, on
hand. CHAS. BURGESS, Jeweler.
ll-6m King St., opposite the Maine Hotel
TSLAND PRODUCE. The undersigned, having
mxi.iI lirim nd commodious buildings at Ka-
hului, E. Maui, are prepared to furnish all kinds of
Island Produce at that point at the shortest notice.
Kahului is the landing place of the East Maui sugar
plantations, and is a good and convenient n-43-tf
BOWLIN & CARTWRIGHT.
2 TORE TO LET with immediate possession,
S the premises lately occupied by Porter & Ogden
in Kaahumanu Street. The lease has over 4 years to
run. For particulars apply to
Honolulu, Dec. 19, 1851-6t-32
SODA WATER. The undersigned have this day
entered into co-partnership for the manufacture of
oda. seltcrs and mineral waters, under tne una o
Ed. Heeren & Uo, ana ncreoy respecuuiij u.
patronage of their friends and the public in general.
July 26, 1851.tf-l 1 . WM. ANDERSON.
TO the creditors of L. L. Torbert. On the first
day of September, eighteen hundred fifty one,
i.inton L. Torbert assigned all of his rea , person-
el, and mixed estate, to the undersigned, for the
benefit of his creditors ; ana an persona w..
interested in the said estate, as creditors, are re
quested to become parties to the said agreement
' BUDSCrlDing IPCII ;-- - r - a
atem.nl of Mgl1fiSm- .
' Assignee of L. L. Torbert.
ii -.C.M.mhAr. A. D.. 185l.-20tf
iionoiuiu, i..--- .
yn-n ci ivtn CATV Ohina Silk
TR Si S? Lacquered
Watches and a large quantity of China Merchandise.
Honolulu, Nov. 18 XX. z
Vlflv 1 JdUlUCStQtt.
honor to woman.
Translated for the " Folyoesian," from tbe German
Schiller, by E. T. P.
Honor to woman, cbe braldeth and weaveth
Garlands to quicken the spirit that grieveth,
Forming devoutly love' rapturout band ;
Veiled by ber virtue, now blushingly kneeling
Vigil to tend at the altar of feeling,
And cherish tbe name with holiest hand.
Far beyond truth's realms to wander
Man will ever madly flee.
While bi reason drifts to founder
Out on passioni itormy sea.
In the distant future never
Can the heart attain it will ;
Hope ii fickle restless ever,
Fancy beckons onwrad stilL
But woman then comes bewitchingly smiling,
Luring him back while his sorrows beguiling,
Cheering the present she warns of the past.
While with her mother, though bumble the dwelling,
Love and devotion her bosom are swelling,
Daughter of nature and true to the last.
Hostile as the tempest rushing
Are man's efforts ; like a flame
Or a meteor through life flashing,
Without rest and without aim,
Never from his bonds delivered !
f antacies that peace preclude ;
Like the Hydra heads once severed.
Only fall to be renewed.
But modest her mein, as the streamlet still flowing,
She gathers the flowrets that round her are glowing,
Nourishing them with i idustrious care,
Far happier thus in her circle shining,
Than he who for mystical love is pining,
Seeking from science bis burdens to bear.
Ptrong and proud man heeds no warning,
Spurns the heart that would entwine
In bis frozen bosom ; scorning
Love both human and divine,
Beckless be of warm devotion,
Fearless is his flashing eye,
Roving o'er life's Btonny ocean,
Steels his heart to every sigh.
But quick, as the harp of Eoline ever
Sweetly responds to the soft breathing Zephyr,
So throbs her bosom with sympathy true,
When moving mid scenes of sadness and sorrow,
Kindly she whUperg of hope for the morrow,
While moistened her cheeks with heavenly dew.
But O man ! Lord of creation,
Might alone makes right with thee ;
Scytbia bears a warlike nation,
And the Persian bends the knee,
Ever thus through life contending,
Thou with eager haste must go ;
Until Iris stern commanding,
Calls away to shades below.
But woman, ber power persuasively shielding,
The sceptre of custom in triumph is wielding,
Bidding fierce discord and hatred depart ;
Thus then, our actions and wishes combining,
In one loving form she's gently entwining,
Ever uniting the bonds of tbe heart.
TWENTY DAYS LATER
FROM NEW YORK !
fr TI,p fnl Winer finmnmrv of intelligence bv
U-j 0 J
ate arrivals was issued on Monday last for our
town subscribers. We publish it in our regular
issue for our readers generally on the other islands.
The Steam ship Constitution, Capt. Wm
H. Howard, arrived at this port on Satur
day, the 24th inst., in 23 days from San
Francisco. The long passage was occa
sioned by unusually foul weather, head
winds, heavy sea, and altogether a bad time
for a good passage. 1 no tonsiuuuon
comes to fulfil the contract with government
and her arrival during the month of January
secures the monopoly 01 steam navigation
among the islands for five years. She is
thrice welcome, and has our best wishes,
and those of this community, generally, for
her success. The blowing off" of her steam
on Saturday, after she came to in our har-
bor, was music in our ears. We hope to
hear it often, and also that of ocean levia
thans bound out upon the great western
Ocean to the Celestial Empire.
The clipper ship Typhoon arrived at this port
on this morning, in 17 days from San Fran-
isco, bringing files to the 8th January n-
elusive. A good trip for the season.
On the 1st of January the P. M. S. Co's
ship Northerner, arrived at San Francisco,
bringing .New York dates to tne 1st 01 ue-
..a "W-v I
cember, just one month. She brought Jive
hundred passengers ! The Gold Hunter also
brought 200, the same day
Mr. Thrasher, editor of the Faro Indus
trial at Havana, has been tried. The char
ges against him, are as follows :
1st. Receiving letters in cypher from New
Orleans by the Georgia.
2d. Receiving a loaf of bread wrapped in
r L. n.:tk tor ifl
a piece ui opauiau ati , wm tuo "v I
the arrival of the U. S. ship Cyane.
. . . ,
3d. That while in prison his mother sent
him r.-ilioo in an nld American newsoaDer. I
,nni,;n;nr n account of the Xonez exDedi-
tion. " '. ' - ' I
The Court assembled on the 12th, and
consisted of a president, Gen. Targas, and
six military officers, defensor. ... ' " ' " .
nr. tuu u.il . nuMi-fnl nrntfer
, , r..-. r... ,
1 ne presiaeni cnecneu uiui "usu"
referred to the treaty between the United
. x - " cV '
States and Spain, her citizens, He. , .
His sentence of 8 years in the quicksilver
r C,;n ;a onnfirmeil i
f, ' . ...
iir. nrasuer wa mui wuuutu
m w rri 1 n J ki.
dungeon, but is allowed two hours each day
to converse with his friends through the
bars. Jf" ' - - I
Complimentary mention is made of the
efforts of Consul Owen in his behalf, and
the statements made against him are pro-
nounced to be malicious.
We are indebted to uregory s cypress
...... ' f T-
for the Iatest dates. and shipping memoranda
juetters irom Key. s. U. Damon an
T 1 n
of nounce hia intent inn tn t..n t;. nlon
via Nicaragua, leaving New York on the 8th
I of Dec. He maj be expected in the course
of the next fortnight.
The California Legislature convened on
' the 7th of January inst., and the Alta of the
1 8th contains Gov. McDousal's Message in
full, occupying two and a half columns in
fine type. Notwithstanding tbe uncertainty
existing in regard to the location of the cap-
itai 01 tne state, the meeting took place at
Vallejo. Accommodations are scarce, and
upwards of a hundred persons are living on
board the steamer Empire. A strong dispo
sition exists for declaring Vallejo the capital,
and then adjourning to some other place
where accommodations can be had.
From the Alta California we laarn that the Cali
fornia Courier, a noted whig paper of that city, has
The Senate of California is composed as follows :
Democrats, 24 ; whigs, 2 ; vacancy 1 ; doubtful 1
total 28. The assembly, Democrats, 37 ; whigs, 20 ;
Doubtful, 6 : total, 63.
The brig Wyandot, Capt. Lvons, made the run,
hence," to San Francisco, in 13 days from land to
land, and the Golden Rule in 14 to the same port.
Private coinage of gold seems to be on the in
crease, and is condemned as producing more evil
in the end than the temporary good can counter
A storm of unusual severity has been experien
ced in California, occasioning the loss of much
property, and rendering the roads almost impassa
ble. The rates of transportation have greatly in
creased, as well as the fare of passengers.
The California markets, under date of Jan. 7th
are represented as follows: v
There has been a moderate demand for goods to
day. Hams are rather lower. The sales of Pork
are made principally for the purpose of making
Lard, this article being in good demand. Good
Butter is in request There is no change in Bar
ley or other grain. Flour is steady. Coals ar
held firmly. Coffee and Sugar keep down ; ground
coffee also dull. There is something doino- in
the metals in a small way.
American lumber, $125 to 130 per M for clear 1
molasses, 20c. to 30c.; 6yrup, 45c. and COc.
The trial of Capt. Robert Waterman and James
Douglas, was proceeding before the U. S. District
Court. The testimony w as closed, and the argu
ment commenced on the 7th inst.
Later from Hoxoixlc By the Golden Rule
which arrived yesterday at this port, in fourteen
days from Honolulu, we have received a copy of
ine 1 iyncsian ot the uui December.
The Golden-Rule brings back most of the per-
the Hawaiian government Alt. Cal. Jan. 2l
We have the Panama Star of Dec. lfi, from
which we glean the following items :
A grand dinner was given by the Council of the
city of New York, on the 20th Nov- to the officers
of the U. S. frigate St Lawrence, the vessel which
conveyed the American goods to the World's Fair
a long account ot the aflair is given in the Her
Kossuth was expected to reach New York on
the 3rd Dec. The whole city was preparing for
the reception of the great Magyar.
A Washington correspondent of the New York
Herald states as follows, regarding the difficulties
pending at last advices between our Government
" The Spanish difficulty has been ultimately set-
J tied and arranged, and the friendly relations be
tween the Secretary of State and the Spanish Min
ister, Chevalier Calderon de la Barca, are so far
established that the latter will dine to-morrow with
Mr. Webster. The claims will be recommended
in the message to Congress. If our Consul should
get to Havana before the Spanish Consul comes to
New 0r he win haye to 6ufferthe first-
fPL t r t it i
oq ft Nombe with dates from cc0
to the 1st of the month. The arrival of the Chal
cnge at una port, and tne excitement in conse-
and hU mate KCOrdeA tfew York pa-
pers. 1 his news was only twenty-eight days in
reaching New York, and our advices to the 1st
from that city show a sixty-two days voyage hence
to New York and back.
A shocking accident occured in New York city
on the 20th November. During a quarterly ex
amination of one of the Ward Schools No. 2b) in
Greenwich Avenue, at which nearly seventeen
hundred children went usupmhlpd. the Princinsl nf
.1 n t . , -.i . '
ine r emaie impairment was seized wiin a iainung
fit m the presence ol the bchools, and some ot the
1 classes near ner, in ineir aiarm, niiea tne air wnn
Lhrieks and cries that were mistaken in different
narts of the building for fire. A dreadful nanic
waa once create- . The chiIdre" regardless of
the remonstrances and the enorts of the .teachers
to restrain them, broke wildly away and rushed
terror-stricken Tor the doors. Horrible to relate,
6lde, &nd by the increasing pressure of the rushing
crowd were burst out, and precipitated a mass ot
numan oemga agamsi me oaiusoaaes, wmcn aiso
yielding in tarn caused the whole foremost body of
children to fall to the floor beneath. Alanv were
killed or frightfully injured by the fall, bat the
greater number perished from suffocation and
cmBMn Jieviomweie token from the erotmi
dead, and half as many more were dead or dying
cuniiEj uic uay. dixij or seventy were more or it-ss
bruised, and not a few doubtless are denrived of
. . .
reason by excess of terror. This truly lamentable
affair has caused much gloom and sensation in New
York. The papers are filled with the account.
An Italian Journal says that from 1481 to 1820
J - 'holy ,5 "t.
burned to ashes at the stake," 34,658 souls; 18,049
persons were burned in effigy, and 288,214 were
ment Derhaos involving greater misery than that of
isanenng at rne stajie.
I- . f ., 00
The ship Esther May, 500 tons, Capt Howes,
sailed from Boston on the 14th of Nov. bound for
these islands. The following is a list of her pass
airs. Judd, Miss Judd, Miss Calhoun, Mr. and
Mrs. Fans and two daughters, Mrs. Thurston, Mr.
and .Mrs. fcnow, Dr. Gulick and wife, Mr. Kit-
tredge, Master Gulick. Mr. Wilcox and son. Miss
Samantha Gilson, Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, Mr. Ar-
4.1 1 '
LATE FROM CHILE.
The Diario of 4th Nov. says that the country is
retrograding morally and materially in consequence
of the existing insurrection ; that commerce is para
lysed, prices nominal, transactions null, and pay
There is no employment for laborers and rncchan
ics ; those who were actively contributing to the
national prosperity by their industry before the out
break, are now compelled to remain idle and await
the return of peace.
General Cruz, with the forces under his command,
arrived at Chilian on the 25th of October. His army
is reported to amount to about 2,170 men. That of
Gen. Bullies which is at Longomilla is 3,444 strong
and is said to be well disciplined and well affected.
Xo action has taken place between the two armies,
but a slight skirmish of the advance posts, resulting
in the capture of five of Cruz's men, and the death
of two others.
It is decided that every citizen composing the
guard is to be provided with a musket, which he is
to keep always on hand, so that at the first alarm he
may hasten to the post of danger.
V alDaraiso. ov. 8. JSj 1.
"With regard to the political state of the country,
we can nuu uouiuig 10 our last aa vices, ine town
of Serena is yet in the hands of the opposition party,
the port of Coquimbo is held by the government, 011
Conception and Tulcahuano are in the hands of the
opposition. The result of alL it is considered, de
pends upon the battle about to be fought between the
forces of Gen. Bulnes and Gen. Cruz. At date it is
supposed they have met The troops of both are oc
cupying the wheat country, and if the contest contin
ues till after the period of getting in the crops, there
by preventing this, its consequences will be very se
rious, and compel the country to look abroad for sup
plies for their wants.
It is a sad state of things ; for previous to this
outbreak, Chile was in the happiest condition of
prosperity and progress, it has already cost the
government nearly $2,000,000.
Foreign Intelligence. Our dates from Eu
rope by the Northerner reach Nov. 12th. Our
files contain little of interest except the movements
The general impression is that the life of the
King of Hanover is near its close.
It is announced that Kossuth was positively to
leave for New York by the Humboldt, on the 20th
Nov. He continues to receive the ovations of the
English people, notwithstanding his republican
avowals, and the continued attacks of the London
Times. He had been received with distinguished
honor at Birmingham and Manchester, at both of
which places he made long and eloquent speeches,
which were warmly applauded.
The Isthmus or Suez Railroad. Mahomed
Ali, the Sublime Porte, has refused to acknow
ledge the agreement made with the Pasha of Egypt
by Mr. Stephenson, of England, for the construc
tion of a railroad from Alexandria to Cairo. The
Porte positively refuses to allow the road to be
constructed either by forced labor, additional tax
ation or foreign capitalists.
All proceedings arc declared hull and void because
the rOirte was not consulted in the first instance. A
public meeting of merchants was held at the London
lavcrn, to protest against this arbitrary and unjusti-
nable course of the bultan of lurkey.
elegant rjxTRACT. ine following is an ex
tract from the 10th letter of a San Francisco cor
respondent of the Oregon Statesman, under date of
A portion of an expedition to the Sandwich Is
lands that has for some time been on toot in this
city, sailed a few days since in the ship Gamecock.
1 he objects ot the expedition, which, when com
pleted, will number some five hundred men, is the
peaceable conquest of those islands. It has been
intimated mat tne expedition nas Deen unuertaKen
at the request of His Majesty, King Kamchameha,
who, it is said, is most anxious to abdicate in fa
vor of annexation to the United States. That
such a movement has been on foot, every reader
of the papers is aware ; but the "why and where
fore" people look for in vain. That the Hawaiian
Kingdom has been made the foot ball of its mis
sionary governors, 01 Co., everybody on
this coast knows ; and that the king was a mere
puppet in their hands, with whom they did just
as xney pieasea, nas Deen equany wen Known.
These men were sent to that post as Ministers ol
. i ia 1 va. a a
1 eace, but the love ef the world s honors and neb
es prompted fliern to enter the political lists : and
they have obtained their endsthe government of
the islands and the enriching of themselves and
friends. But in accomplishing this they have in
curred the censure of the world. They have quar
relled with every foreign representative time and
again, our own Commissioners included, and been
convicted of petty crimes and large abuses. Un
der their administration the native population has
enormously sunk in numbers, while their moral
tone has not been improved. A few years since,
the native population numbered over four hundred
thousand, and now they can scarcely muster
eighty thousand, as poor, miserable, immoral
wretches as were ever pitied and shrank from. At
such a state of the game the ministry, it appears,
are looking for "aid and comiort" irom the Unit
ed States ; and to further their plans they have
called to their assistance American citizens.
As a commentary on the above ridiculous non
sense, we publish the following from a late Amer
ican journal, which exhibits those "immoral wretch
es' in a light that should bring the blush of shame
to the face of the injurious slanderer who penned
the calumny. . r r ' ' . V
; A LIBERAL CHURCH.
Seventeen years ago the inhabitants of Molo-
kai, one 01 tne oanawicn isianas, were living m 1
state of heathenism, which the officers of the Unit
?d States Exploring Expedition represent, as one
of the most sunken in which any portion of the
human race has ever been found. 1 bey bad no
civilization or letters they scarcely had clothing
or nroDertv of the lowest kind : they lived in mis
erable huts, so fashioned that modesty could not
find entrance to them : but in their deep degrada
tion they had passions as evil and as strong as any
. The following year, 1835, their present mission
ary, Mr.' Hitchcock, took up his abode among them.
God has greatly blessed his labors. Through his
instrumentality chiefly, a change has been effect
ed, which it does not often tall to the lot ottaian
to witness. There are many aspects in wluch
this change might be exhibited, but none of tfm
more aoggeauve mau um v
church. ' - '
For several years they have paid into the treasu
ry of the Board more than enough to support
their pastor. Last year they paid upwards of f500
to sustain him, contributed $00 at the monthly
concert, and nearly $200 for other objects. From
the beginning of the present year to March 20th,
less than three months, they have contributed $210
at the monthly concert, and have subscribed $1,8C0
for the repair of their meeting house, besides pay
ing $100 for a son of their pastor, whom they have
adopted astheir beneficiary, and intend to educate
in this country.
Nor is this all. Owing to the broken surface of
the island, valleys lying here and there between
precipitous hills, numerous houses of worship are
needed for their convenience. In one of these
valleys, the inhabitants, not rr.ore all told than
two hundred and fifty in number, are buildirg a
house, which, in addition to their own labor in get
ting stone, timber, lime, sand, &c, will cost them
not far from $900, cash. And yet they have con
tributed more than $50 at the monthly concert the
first three months of the year, have paid their pro
portion of their pastor's salary, and have also given
for their poor. In another deep and secluded ra
vine, with but little more than a hundred inhabit
ants, they have put np a fine house, and introduced
American chairs, and are now raising money for a
belL The house in the plain of Kalanpapa was
not well built, and the inhabitants are raising funds
for a new one, having resolved to appropriate the
other for a school-house. Besides all this, the
people are building houses of worship in small
neighborhoods, that they may meet in them for
conference and prayer, their "dwelling houses not
being convenient for such purpose. The members
of the church, entirely of their own accord, have
already built seven of these within three miles of
the station in either direction, and are now at work
on the eighth.
Here is a church the foundations of which were
laid only half a generation back, in the midst of hea
thenism,and in one of its darkest and most degraded
domains. The darkness has fled apace before the
light which the gospel brings, the degradation will
soon be only a matter of history. This church
makes abundant provision for its spiritual wants,
and with a full hand is extended the blessings to
others, which it knows so well how to prize. It is
an example to be considered. How many churches
without a pastor because they feel unable to sup
port one, or without a house of worship because
they think themselves too poor to build one, would
continue unsupplied, if this same spirit prevailed in
them ? How soon the means would be furnished
for giving the gospel to all the world, if every
church possessed the same spirit of liberality !
And yet who will pronounce, that the course ofth'is
church is not such as will give them the liveliest
pleasure in the world to come ?
PAPER READ BY L.L. TORBERT,
before the Rotal II. Ag. Societt.
Sugar cane was found in these islands by Capt
Cook, and how long it had been here before he dis
covered them, is a matter of conjecture. It growa
without culture almost every where. In the low
est land, it seems to be entirely at home, and we
find it equally so in the dry up lands, as hih as
3000 feet above the level of the sea.
At about 1700 feet above the level of the sea, it-
ceases to blossom, and continues to grow on from
year to year, for four, five, and 6ix years.
It is a hardy plant, stands the excesses of wet
and dry, and in almost every situation over grows
the grasses and weeds.
How long it will grow on the 6ame 6pot, without
exhausting the ground is hard to tell.
In some sous it may degenerate and die out :
whilst in others, it improves by long standing.
I asked an old man how long sugar cane had
been growing on a particular spot of land called
Ulupalakua, on Last Maui. After sitting for some
time in silence he said, "when I was young, my
father told me that in old times, that cane field was
notorious for robberies, and the people frequently
went some other road to avoid passing through it."
That was, perhaps, one hundred years ago and
the best cane in Honuaula is on that same spot to
day, and very likely will be there for hundreds of
years to come.
Mr. John White, who came to these islands in
1797, and is now living with me, says that in 1502
sugar was first made at these islands, by a native
of China, on the island of Lanai. He came here
in one of the vessels trading for sandal wood, and
brought a stone mill, and boilers, and after grind
ing off one small crop and makirg it into sugar,
went back the next year with his fixtures, to China.
After that he does not know of any being made
until about the year 1823 or 4 when the foreigners
commenced it again on MauL The most coinmotf
way of preparing the sweetening for a long time
was by a very simple process, merely chewinc the
cane, and stirring the juice into the tea and coffee.
Sometimes it was pounded on a poi board, and the
juice pressed out with the hands. - Then came
small wooden mills with two rollers, and turned by
. . , . , . . . . 1 . -.i ...
natives , ana next, Dy cauie wiin iron mills.
It is not my intention to speak of the nature and
properties of susrar cane. You will find that sub
ject ably treated in a work by George Richardson
rorter on the growth, culture and manufacture of
sugar. But it you step out into the field with m,
I'll show you how we plant cane where I live.
Choose a soil light and deep, vegetable mold.
mixed with cinders, or volcanic ashes, is the best.
Plough it deep, once, twice and three times if yon
can. Harrow it well, and furrow it out six or seven
feet between the rows. Run the furrows along the
hill side and not up and down. Cut the cane np
in short pieces, 3, 4, or 5 joints in each piece. The
top of the stalk is the best.
Drop the cuttings in the furrow in a line at a
distance of one foot from centre to centre.- If the
land is very dry, cover about two inches deep, but
if the land is heavy and wet do not cover the cat
ting, but only lay them in the furrow, and Dres
them down with the foot. After the younsr shoots
are six or eight inches high, add a little dirt to the
Young eane must he kept very clean until it is
When the bottom leaves are dry, pull them off
and add a - little more dirt to the roots. After this,
it is perhaps a matter of fancy whether you dress
your cane or not, until it is fit to grind.
I have very heavy cane now growing, which has
had no care whatever, since it was last cut, anly to
keep the cattle out of it.
1 wo years is the time it requires to come to ma
turity when well cultivated, and three when left to
grow without culture.
The Tahiti cane is perhaps the best in dry cli
mates. The red cane is good to stand drought too.
Tbe white cane is poorest of all.
These remarks will be found correct only for
such soil and climate as we have on tbe uplands on
the lee sides of our Islands.
For low lands, in wet climates where the cane
blossoms and yields one croo ner vesr. a different
course would be proper. One thing however, will
apply to all situations, keep your eane clean un
til tl ts well rooted.
I shall now give you an account of the amount
of cane produced on one acre of land at Torbert'a
plantation at Llupaiakua, East Ma 01.
The cane was weighed at the mill, and the juice
measured in the pots, and the syrup, after boiling,
was filled into open ended casks which bad been
carefully ganged. . , .
The time of each person employed was marked
down each night.
; lbs. of cane 111,575.
, gallons of juice . " 63l0.
- do. of syrup J 1,068. 3