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SATURDAY, APRIL 17,1852.
; THE MISSIONARIES.
The violent attempts made by correspondents ef
- -the Weekly Argus, Mrs. Parker, and other Jumin
" v: ous satellites of" Old Nick," to bring missionaries
into disrepute renders itnnnecessary for us to apolo
. gize for employing so much of our space of late in
showing the world the other side of the picture.
Our "lovers of truth" seem impressed with the
obligations that weigh heavily upon them,to see that
', the innocent victims of deception who contribute
to the spread of the Gospel, are no longer deceived
by the u high-fainting" reports sent home by mis
sionaries to their co-laborers in christian lands,
and necessity is laid upon them to a 6how them
up," in all their deformity. They, of course, con
tribute to the cause over which they exercise 6uch
a ricorous guardianship, and thus entitle them-
1 selves to the riffht they assume. If not, and it
was on any other subject under the sun, they
- might, and probably would, be told, to u mind their
own business. But we presume no such incon
- eistency can be laid to their charge. They are
' too deeply concerned for the honor of religion, and
. for its proper dissemination throughout the world,
to allow their zeal, which is enormous, to be
satisfied with merely u keeping things straight,"
and permitting others to "pay the piper." But
this is not material ; what they give, is " nothing
- to nobody," and we are content. We admit their
modesty, without questioning their right ; a degree
r of liberality for which we take some credit. j
. Some narrow-minded bigots might say, " If you
give your money to support missionaries, sympa
thisa with thair labors, pray for their success, and
really are governcJ by the command, Go ye
into all the v arid and preach the Gospel to every
creature,1 then we admit that you have a right to
see how your contributions are expended, and how
your work is done. Otherwise, you have nothing
to do with the matter; the missionaries are not
under your control, nor subject to your authority,
and any assumed right to hold them responsible to
you, is an impertinence." Now we do not say that
this is proper language ; we are only supposing
what some people might think proper to say, and
feel perfectly justified in saying. To be sure we
have some distant recollection of having beeit told,
in our younger dayj, not to meddle with other
people's afTiirs, and thit men have generally been
respected for " minding their own business, and,
' letting other people's alone ;" but it is possible
' these were vulgar apothegms, fit only to influence
. children. We repudiate tbem. We are more
liberal. We believe in meddling with other peo
ple's matters, whether we have a right or not
We believe in managing our neighbor's affairs for
. them, for we can do it a great deal better than
they can. If they have money to spend, we hav
a right to say how they shall 6pcnd it. If they
hive a house to build, we have a right to draw
their plan,' and to say how much it shall cost
We have a right to pry into our neighbor's
secrets, and to keep him from being imposed
upon; and so have the writers in the Argus,
and so has Mrs. Parker, and
so has everyC&ng to the Islands.
body else, and a nice time we shall have of it
We can't allow $2,000,000 per annum to be squan
dered in the foolish attempt to enlighten the ignor
ant, and disseminate the word of life. We want
the money to carry on war, buy rum, and all that
' sort of thing. We are cramped for wantTof it We
, have only about $200,000,000 for rum, and $500,
000,000 for war, and we must have the missionary,
and Bible, and tract money too. Is not this rea
In the Argus of the 7th ins t that paper copied from
the Saturday Evenipg Post," some strictures on
the manner In which missionaries live in India,"
: in which we believe a false impression is conveyed,
and real injury done to a class of men engaged in
- a philanthropic work, but who seem to be, of late
years, the peculiar mark for the envenomed shafts
of slanderers and defamers. We by no means
wish to shield - that class, or any other, from
a proper scrutiny ; or their conduct, so far as that
belongs to the public, from a just criticism. If,
: they err, as who does not? let their mistakes be
pointed out with that charity which "-thinketh no
evil," and not with a spirit of denunciation, and un
sparing accusation. Lst those who think they
have gone "on a fool's errand, refrain from con
tributing to their support, or countenancing . their
vocation t but let them not unreasonably disparage
'" aa enterprise in which the best men in all christian
countries have profcssedlv engaged in direct obe
dience to the ascending command of the Savior of
the world. - '
On our outside we re-publish, from the sime
"Sat Eve. Post," some extracts from a paper re
viewing the very article published in the Argus. .
We regret our want of room to publish the whole
article, for it is worth a perusal. In regard to it
th editor of the Eveninc Post says, It is an in
teresting one, explaining and defending the mode
of life pursued by the missionaries in India. None
of our readers shonl- fail to read it" We hope
nons of ours will deprive themselves of the infor
mation it contains. , .
Bearing upon this same subject, we extract from
the communication of a valued correspondent, the
following remarks : M It seems the vaunted" expe
dition set on foot to relieve the kanaka! from the
intolerable burdens of a priest-ridden government
did not succeed to the wishes of thos3 disinterest
ed philanthrophists. They freely confess them
selves to hive been humbugged, and they are now
doing theirbesttohumbngtheirneighbfirs. Their
visit of a few weeks to the islands has revealed to
them the astounding villanies here practised under
the most sanctimonious garb. The government is
the most corrupt under heaven, and the people the
most polluted and debased ; and to crown" all, they
are kept down by fear of being prayed to death by
the missionaries. O, superstition! thou friend of
the missionary, and terror of barbarians. 8uch
revelations are dealt out with great giuto, even by
n educated lady, nader the sanction of her own
Bnt this is not all ; editors of daily papers, (to
the hune of the fraternity be it eaid,) can
gather up the epistles of those philanthropic gen
tlemen, detailing all the filthy stories picked up by
them in the grog shops and brothels of Honolulu,
-and send them forth to the world under the sane
tion of their own journals, as veritable facts. In
v. rr;n nf thmie astute editors these facts are to
revolutionize public opiuon, and open the eyes ot
those wbo have been so long duped into the belief
that Christianity and civilization, and even good
What a pity some Picket could not have ' picked
this bubble' before, and saved the church such a
waste nf mnnpr and henpvnlent svmpathy ? How
much better that they should have been employed
in spreading abroad his own infidel prirciples ? I
need uot go into the disgusting details of these
communications, or attempt, for the one hundredth
time, a . refutation of the new vamped slanders.
Every respectable person in tbe community here
knews them to be figments of the lowest depths of j
vice ; and even those who retailed out these thread
bare calumnies are probably, by this time, astound
ed at the gullibility of these new visitors.
I can only advise our California friends to keep
cool, and not risk their lives and fortunes in a
benevolent crusade to save the Hawaiians from
their oppressors, until they can obtain tome more
reliable information than they will find in the
Western Jmerican,the Sarcamento Uauy union
nr mm in the oavwhlel of Mrs. E.
JU. f Villi
- Very good advice, which would have saved some
of the deceived a good deal of money, some time,
and not a little mortification.
Htoropathic Establishment. We would
call the attention of our readers" to the advertise
ment of Doctors, Ford and Lathrop, in another col
umn for a detail of the advantages of their estab
lishment to persons requiring medical treatment
To invalid strangers particularly, who require a
home, with all its attendant benefits, this establish
ment will recommend itself strongly ; and under
the able management of these professional gentle-
men, will oe iouna 10 coaming iacmues ior me
comfort and recovery of their patients, never be
fore offered by any establishment in Honolulu.
Domestic Produce. The schooner Catherine
returned to this port on the 13th, from Hanalei,
Kauai, with 25.CC0 lbs. coffee, from tho plantation
of Mr. Titcomb, at that place. We understand
that bis crop this year amounts to ab ut 80,CC0
lbs. We also learn that the crop from the planta
tion of G. Rhodes, Esq for this year is 17.CC0 lbs.
most of which has been received at this plaee. It
is estimated that there are 2C0.0CO lbs. now on
hand on the different islands.
Auction Sales. This day, by H. Sea, sale of j
Horses and Milch Cows", with calves at the yard
opposite the Auction Room.
On Monday, 19tht at his Auction Room,., gen
eral assortment of merchandise.
On Tuesday, 20th, by F. W. Thompson, a gen
eral sale of merchandise, at his Auction Room.
On Wednesday, 21st, by J. Almon, at the store
of Robt C. Janion, Dry Goods, Liquors and sun
dries. On Friday, 23rd, by A. P. Everett, Glass and
Britannia Ware, and a general assortment of mer
chandise. 05 The ship Esther May, Captain Howes,
sailed on "the 15th inst, for Manila. She has been
but 18 days in port, during which time she has dis
charged a full cargo, taken in ballast, and got
ready for sea. L. H. Anthon, Eeqn Royal Danish
Consul, with his family, embarkedjn the Esther
May, on his return to Europe. He designs return-
Dismasted at Sea. Recent intelligence via
Canton and San Francisco, represents that the ship
Andes, on her passage hence, was dismasted in a
typhoon, and lost all her spars and sails. She was
at Manila, repairing damages, at the latest ad
vices. British Minister to the U. S. On the 14th
February, John Fiennes Crampton, Esq. presented
to the President the letter of recall of Sir Henry
L. Bulwer, and his own credentials of Envoy Ex
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Her
Britannic Majesty to that government
Loss or the North America. Our late Cal
ifornia papers announce the loss of the steamer
North America, of the Vanderbilt Line, on her
passage from San Juan to San Francisco. She
went ashore on the 27th of February, 60 miles be
low Acapulco. She had 900 passengers, and her
crew consisted of 100 men; all of whom landed
safely and ' ultimately reached Acapulco. On
learning of the disaster, the agent of Vanderbilt'a
Line at San Francisco, chartered the Clipper ship
Northern Light to proceed to Acapulco, and con
vey the shipwrecked people to their destination.
The Alta says:
"At the time of the accident to Xhe N. A. the sea
was smooth, and the night was moonlit the beach
plainly in sight Public opinion is divided and sus
pended respecting the conduct of the captain and
officers of the N. A., and we await further confir
mation of a charge of culpable carelessness which
has been made against Captain Blethen "
(J The steamship Constitution sailed from
San Francisco for Panama on the 13th alt ; so it
is settled that she will not return to these islands,
as was intimated before she left here. When shall
we have one, or two, ' running regularly between
these islands and tbe Continent ?
OPENING OF PARLIAMENT.
As announced by authority in our last, Parliament
was formally opened by His Majesty on the 13th
inst, at tbe Stone Church in this city. -
Precisely at 12 1L, the discharge of guns from
Punch Bowl announced that Ilia Majesty had left
the -Palace. Preceded by the Royal Hawaiian Insig
nia, and sustained by Lieut General, Prince Alex
ander, and General of Division, Prince Lot Kame
hameha, and attended by His Ministers, and the
Members of the House of NoHes, His Majesty pro
ceeded to the place appointed, between two lines of
uniformed police, stationed on either hand from the
Palace gate to the entrance of . the chursh. ; On en
tering the enclosure of the latter, tbe Band in atten-
aancc Baiuiea jus juajesty wim me national an
them of God save the King. : ' ' : - '
The church, which will .contain some 2,000 or
3,000 souls, was well filled. The House cf Ittepre
sentatives was in attendance,' and when His Majesty
entered, the whole assemblage arose and remained
standing until the Divine blessing had been invoked
by the Chaplain of the House of Representatives.
, THE KING'S SPEECH. - :
Nobui and Representatives. -, ; .
I am pleased again to meet yon, here assembled,
to advise with me respecting the welfare of the
people whom Ood has committed to mv chaive. -
My relations with an foreign nations, excepting
-m 0e oi me moat tnendlv
character. " : . - . 1
I have not yet heard from the President of the
trench Republic, cm the important matters which
I referred to him. My government continue to
protect French citizens and their interest aa th"v
do those of the most favored nation.
The last session m brief, and tbe Legislature
tuk POLYNESIAN. SATURDAY. APRIL 17,
cussed withJoW deliberation; and especially those
to which I specially called their attention. .
A new Treaty witn ureal jonwiu a
new imij mmuiv.,-. . . ,
t i u n;AiiitintTnf whicluJDV
on Uie JUin juiy i4 -
Her Britannic Majesty, is soon expected to arrive
i mWAaA mv f "Vim miMl oner BI Ulc
. . f . notrntiato similar treaty
,th thp Rpnresentative, there, of the lung oi
An acC offering to reciprocate with the United
States, in the admission, Jaty freey of certain ar-
n.A in the ports of the two
countriesT will be submitted for your "nction.
Thesame special exemptions will extend to all
other nations wmcn onur we -
A trpatv was concluded with the Republic of
Bremen on the 7th of August, 1851. Its ratine
mnv he soon expected.
The peace of my kingdum has been threatened
with an invasion of private adventurers from Cali
fornia. An appeal was made to the United htates,
Commissioner, which beincr promptly acted on by
Captain Gardner, of the United States Ship Van-
i..". i . t it r i
dalia, tranquiuzea uie puDiic mina. inaveiaxen
some measures to create a military lorce, in the
training of which, Capt. Gardner has been pleased
to render important assistance. Such a force has
been considered ' indispensable, to enable me to
protect efficiently the lives and property of all who
live under my dominion. It will be for you to pro
vide the means of maintamg such a force perma
nently, so as that the very defencelessness of my
kingdom may not invite the evil disposed to invade
It is my anxious desire so to govern my subjects
as that no one can expect to benefit himself by any
political change. With that view I voluntarily and
freely granted the Constitution of 1840; and I am
ready to grant another now, for the good of my
people. It will be for you to consider whether
the Constitution framed by a committee appointed
last vear. contains all the principles necessary for
the attainment of that end and the preservation of
monarchy on these islands.
I have ordered my ministers to lay before you
their Reports of the several departments which I
have committed to their care.
I rely upon you, the Representatives of my peo
ple, to vote the supplies necessary to carry on my
government, and to relieve my subjects, 6o far as
possible, from all taxes that press heavily on the
poor, or which cramp the industry of the country.
The above speech from the throne, was read by
His Majesty in the Hawaiian language, after
which, by His command, it was read in the English
language by Ilia Excellency R. C Wyllie, Minis
ter of Foreign Relations.
Notice was given by His Highness the Premier,
that the Reports of Ministers would be read before
the two Houses on Wednesday, the 14th, at 10
o'clock A. M., which notice was repeated in Eng
lish by His Excellency the Minister of Public In
struction. ' Whereupon, His Majesty retired, and
the assemblage dispersed.
house of- nobles.
April 13. Immediately after the ceremonies at
the Stone Church, the House of Nobles was conven
ed by their President
. A reply to His Majesty's Speech was drafted and
approved, and A. Pasi, J. Ii, and It Armstrong
were appointed a Committee to. present it to His
Majesty at half-past nine, to-morrow.
House adjourned till 10 o'clock, to-morrow, to
meet in the Stone Church, conjointly with the Low
er House, to l!ear the Ministerial Reports.
The following is tlie
Of the House of Nobles in reply to the King's gra
Sire : With feelings of continued love and loyalty,
we have listened to Your Majesty's gracious Speech.
We thank God for having given you health and
strength again to meet us, and call our attention to
the interests of your kingdom and people. It is our
confident hope that the President, of the French
Republic, duly informed of all past transactions, will
correspond to your Majesty's confidence in a manner
worthy his higa character, and oi the clear rights of
It is indeed true that your Majesty freely and vol
untarily granted us the Constitution of 1840; and we
tender you our deep and cordial thanks for your of
fer to give us another, better providing for all the
interests of your Majesty's kingdom.
Of these interests, the first and most important we
acknowledge to be those of your Majesty, as Sove
reign ; and as, under God, we owe to your Majesty's
generosity, the gift of the liberty which we happily
enjoy, gratitude requires that we shoul . not abuse
that freedom, as we would do were we to sanction
anything that would leave your Majesty's Sovereign
Rights without constitutional protection.
Besides the new Constitution we shall carefnliv
deliberate upon all the other great interests of your
kingdom that may come before us during the present
God preserve the Kio !
Thursday, April 15th, 5th day.
The House met at 10 A. M,
Prayer was offered by Mr. Armstrong.
Minutes of last day sessions read and confirm
The Report of the three commissioners, rppoint-
ed by the last Legislature, enclosing the draft of
(he New Constitution was presented, and upon
motion of Mr. Wyllie it was accepted and laid be
fore the House for consideration.
The New Constitution was then read for the
first time, end ordered for a second reading on
Message was received from the House of Re
presentatives, that they had confirmed the two
Acts passed in Privy Council since tbe last Legis
lature, entitled "An Act to amend the Election
Laws," and aAn Act to abolish Konohiki labor on
On motion of Mr. Armstrong, these two Acts
were then passed through three readings and pass
ed. . : ;
Mr. Armstong and Mr. Wyllie presented their
Ministerial Reports. : ' v ,
His Majesty expressed a wish that tbe P.inces,
Alexander and Lot be admitted as members of the
Honse. . '
Upon motion of Mr. Wyllie it was Resolved,
That whereas His Majesty the King has declared
his pleasure that the Princes Alexander Liholiho
and Lot Kamehameha take their, seats aa mem
bers of this House, the Honse receives them
as such members, and that they take their seats
accordingly. - . . . ; : - v .
Mr. Wyllie then introduced a Bill for the pro
clamation of this reception according to Law, which
waa read three times and passed. . .
The House adjourned until to-morrow at 10, A.
M. , . '' ? ' "V .
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
' Desiring to lay before onr readers as soon aa
possible the Reports of Ministers, our columns are
too much occupied, this week, to give more than a
brief summary of the proceedings. We regret this
the less, from the fact that our cotemporary baa so
fully reported the proceedings of the House up to
the 12th inst, which will be read by all who are
interested in such matters, before our publication
From th 9th to the 12th, a great variety of Pe
titions were presented, and disposed of in the nsual
Parliamentary manner. Also, the proper notices
were given by different members, of their intention
to introduce new bill, on a variety of subjects,
which will more fully appear when the the Bills
themselves are introduced.
The" flowing is a list of the members of the
House, swee the action of the committee on Elec
Q. M. Robertson Speaker.
JF.B. Marshall,' G. Rhodes, F. Funk, R. E.
Wakemarif'J. Kalili. S. M. Kamakau, S. Laanui,
Kalauhala, Kapehe, Kahookui, H. L. Sheldon, Z.
P. Kaumaea, Kaiapaakai, Kamaipelekane, Pali,
Barenaba, Z. Kaauwai, T. Metcalf, Kekaulahao,
Honokaupu. Ukeke. J. Richardson. .
E. W.Clark, Chaplain; E. Hunt, Clerk of the
House: Geo. 1. Lit 3. tJJffrossinjr Uierk: VY.L
Parke. Serieant at Anns. -
List or Standi. Committees or the Hocse.
Committee oh Foreign Relations.
: . Godfret Rhodes -Chairman.
Z. Kaauwai, J.Kekaulahao,Trancis Funk,Z. P.
Kaumaea. . 't
Committee on Finance.'. ,
, J. F. B. Marshall Chairman a
J. Kekaulahao, H. L. Sheldon, S. M. Kamakau,
Committee on Commerce.'
Francis Fuse Chairman.
John. Richardson, G. Rhodes, J. Kekaulahao,
Committeee on Agriculture and Manufactures.
Z. Kaauwai Chairman.
R. E. Wakeman, Laanui, H. L. Sheldon, Ukeke
Committee on Public Lands, Roads, and other In
T. Metcalf Chairman.
John Kalili, R. E. Wakeman, Francis Funk,
S. M. Kamakau.
Committee on Education.
J. F. B. Marshall Chairman.
Barenaba, Kahookui, T. Metcalf, NaiapaakaL
Committee on the Judiciary.
. John Richardson Chairman.
Francis Funk, Honokaupu, Z. Kaauwai, Kalau
Committee on Elections. -John
II. L. Sheldon, Z. P. Kaumaea, Laanui, Pali.
Committee on Accounts. ':'
Godfrey Rhodes Chairman.
S. M. Kamakau, Kapehe, Honokaupu, Kalauhala.
Apnl 13, 4 P. M. Messrs. Marshall, Kaauwai,
Rhodes, Richardson, and Kekaulahao were appoint
ed a committee to draft an answer to the King's
Mr. Marshall from the Committee on Finance
reported a bill to reduce the road tax from 19 to 6
days' labor. Read the first time." "
Mr. Keakaulahao offered the following resolution
which was passed. That the clerk allow any one
who wishes to print in the native language, to copy
Mr. Sheldon offered a resolution expressing the
disapprobation of the House upon the reports in
circulation abroad, to the effect that the people of
this Kingdom were desirous of coming under the
American Government, and calling for an inquiry
as to the source from, which such reports have
Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow.
fl"? On the 14th, both Houses met at the Stone
Church, where the Reporter the Minister of the
Interior, the Minister of Foreign Relations, and of
the Minister of Public Instruction. were read, of
which the former appears in our columns to-day.
April 14. The committee reported a draft of a
reply to the King's Speech, which was adopted.
Mr. Sheldon's resolution of yesterday was re
considered, and on motion, indefinitely postponed.
After hearing and accepting the report of the com
mittee appointed to prepare an answer to His
Majesty's speech, the House adjourned until 4 P.
M., and proceeded to the stone church to hear
the reading of the ministerial reports.
4 P. M., various petitions were presented and re
ferred to the proper committees.
The Report of the Minister of Foreign Relations
was referred to a select committee. The report of I
the Sec. of War and Navy ex officio) was referred
to a select committee, as was that of the Minister
of the Interior. The following Acts fiom the Up
per House were then passed.
An Act to regulate the Election of the Repre
sentatives of the people.
An Act abolishing the Konohiki tax on Govt
Adjourned to to-morrow at 10 A. M.
15th at 10, A. M. Various petitions were refer
red to the appropriate committees.
The speaker read the report of the Commission
ers appointed by the last Legislature, to draft a
New Constitution. Report accepted, and the pro
posed Constitution ordered for consideration in
committee of the whole on Saturday 17th inst.
Aresolution vu introduced by Mr. Funk and
adopted by the House inquiring into the election
for Niihau. i
Mr. Kekanlahao introduced a resolution request
ing the Minister of Finance to inform this House
as to the disposition of the appropriationmade last
year of $500 for each district of the Island of
Hawaii. Passed. .
By Ilr. Robertson, to inquire of the Minister of
the Interior the amount expended on the cart road
from Kawaihae to Eleio, on the Island of Hawaii.
A committee of 5 were appointed to publish a
notification to the Honohikis to refrain from inter
fering with those of the people who had kuleanas
in the land.
Adjourned to 10 to-morrow.
Of the Minister of the Interior, read before the
mug 10 me Hawaiian legislature, April
To the Nobles and Refresentatives
or the Hawaiian Islands in Legisla
tive Council assembled.
I have to report to you the business which
has been transacted in the Interior Depart
ment during the year ending on the 31st
THE GOVERNMENT PRESS.
The receipts of this Bureau for
&c, have been - - ftlO.aSQ .11
Drawn from the Treasury
V www W
The expenses of the Bureau
during the past .year havt
- $10,379 35
Balance 6r.' hand vV 184 99
The utmost economy has' been
in performing work for the Departments for
iiicu pay nas been received. Aa in for
mer years much work has bern dnn fnr th
Government without any charge, viz : The
onsion iaws oi iel, in volume ; the same
ii i no m oijncpian. ministerial reports.
iscjiamiicniai nonces ; Hat or expiring Li
censes ; List of Passports ; Notices and
rules tof Court ;
Statistical tables of the
Noticts of Commission
ers of Customs ; Lists of Jurors, and many
other notices which if charged at the usual
rates would amount to several thousands of
An edition of 600 copies of the Polynesian
is published weekly, of which 400 are sold
or sent to subscribers ; of the remainder,
part are furnished gratuitously as heretofore,
and the rest reserved for government use,
and lor binding.
An appropriation of 600 was made for
this Bureau by the Legislature nf last year, oil
which I5 have been drawn for the purpose
of reprinting the volume of laws of 1812 and
the balance remains in the Treasury. As it
will be necessary to remit soon for'the pur
chase of material for this Bureau, an appropri
ation of $1000 ia advised.
Licenses have been granted during the past
vear to the amount of 25.042 25. The Ii-
censes were as follows :
. To Wholesale Stores,
To Retail "do.
To Retail on Plantations, -To
Auctioneers, -''Sv.. -
To Hawkers. - -V
To Wholesale Liquor dealers
To Retail do. do.
To Hotels - - -
To Victualling Houses
To Bowling Alleys
To Public Shows,
To Billiard Tables, -
To publishing Newspapers,
To letting Boats,
To jobbing Horses, -
' You see that the trifling tax of twenty five
cents per horse has had no effect in reducing
the number of letters and jobbers of horses.
I would recommend that the price of this li
cense be raised to five dollars for each horse,
as was originally proposed.
The amount sold at public auction on the
island of Oahu during the past year was
These have been too numerous to be touch
ed upon at length in this report ; but I would
recommend to the especial attention of the
Legislature the report marked A, of T. Met
calf, the Superintendent of this Bureau,
which will give all needed information res
pecting the appropriations of the last Legis
lature, and the amount and details of expen
You will see by the above mentioned re
port that prisons have been erected on Maui
and Kauai, and that the necessities of those
islands are therebv nearly provided for. A
small lock up has also been built at Kealake
kua, on Hawaii, but the insufficiency of the
appropriation has prevented the construction
of suitable prisons on tlyrt island. The Leg
islature are requested to take into consider
ation the pressing need of. that island, and
also the necessity for a further appropriation
for the completion of the Maui prison.
Materials have been collected and are now
in readiness for building the new prison in
Honolulu, and the construction needs to be
During the past year the following Roads
have been much unproved, viz : the road
from Kawaihae to Hamakua on Hawaii, thr
Honuaula and Hana road, and the Alaloloa
on Maui ; bridges have been erected on the
road from Ewa to Waialua, and on the island
of Kauai, also in purh other places as thry
were pressingly needed. The roads on Mo
lokai have been much improved, and the
roads in the several districts of Hawaii.
Some of the appropriations have been over
drawn, but not it is thought without good
reasons for so doing. The Legislature are
referred to the Superintendent's report for
the particulars, and the reasons which in
duced this excess nf expenditure.
It is thought that the present taw regulat
ing the Road Tax needs alteration, as the
burden of sustaining the roads now falls up
on the poor equally with the rich, without
their receiving an equal amount of benefit.
The subject is respectfully commended to
the attention of the Legislature.
The present streets of Honolulu need to
be paved, and new streets ought to be laid
out above the present inhabited part nf the
town. For this work an appropriation is ne
cessary. Tbe people of Waialua and Koolau, Oahu,
are greatly in need1 of bridges over the Ano
hulu, Waimea, and some other streams, and
should be assisted by government in iheir
erection ; the Kaumakapili bridge in Hono
lulu also ought to be immediately rebuilt.
There is also pressing necessity for bridges
on Kauai over the Waimea, Hanapepe,
Wailua, Kealea, Anahola, Kalihiwai and
Hanalei streams. This will be an expensive
work and should not be undertaken without a
careful examination of the several streams
mentioned. r ' .
THE HARBOR AND WHARVES AT HONO-
These are of very great importance as up
on their excellence depends a large part of
the Government revenue. The report of tbe
Superintendent on this point is recommened
to your consideration.
The Light-house has not been erected on
Diamond Hill, owing to the press of other
business, and the little need of such a build
ing at that point.
THE NEW COURT HOUSE AT HONOLULU.
This large' and el-gant structure is now
neariy cumpieiea, ana me . expenaiture IS
thought to have been judiciously bestowed.
The great reason of the delay in the com
pletion of this and other public works has
been the miserable quality of the laborers
employed, who have been, principally, the
prisoners. They work it is true without nay.
I . ' .1 rf . I ' m .
oui ine cosi oi ineir food, amounting to
three reals per man per day. and their ex
treme indolence have caused great loss of
nme ana money. .ach stone in the Court
house according to accounts accurately kept
has cost $1, 58 J, whereas the same atone
could have been procured by contract, for
less than one dollar each, as will be seen by
the Superintendent's report. A further an-
propnauon win oe needed lor the completion
of this building. ' -.'
THE BREAKWATER AT LAHAINA.
s in nas ocen commencea, and means
provided for its completion. ' Objection have
been made to this work, but as so large an
amount has already been expended, I would
recommend that it be finished.
OTHER GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS.
Yon will see by the Superintendent's re
port, that this appropriation has-been some
what overdrawn. As there has bean charged
to it the expense oi erecting a powder h
on Punch Bowl, an Engine huuu ; i,0"
lulu, and a Court and Governor' R
the island of Kauai, at Nawiliwili ; Isot-rn
to be expended on Hawaii, under the di
Dot however been drawn from tbe Tre,.11
A new government storehouse in Hon.j.7"
19 UIUVH ilVWVU. . m
yard of Aienui are altogether too small
a large part of the yard is not the prop!.
the situation also k J
It is recommended that a newn.
be erected on the lot adjacent to the Linn,
kiln wharf, and that an appropriation rf
$5000 be made for that purpose. .The r.
tion oi a warenouse ior me custom h
should also not be delayed. !
- The Honolulu House at present rented k
the government is much too small for the
commodation of the Departments of govern
ment, and as there is no other suitable boili
ing in Honolulu, which could be obtain
the only resource is to erect one. TheLf
islature are requested therefore to consider
the necessity, and to grant an appropriate
ior tbe purchase of a lot on which to e recti
Government House next year.
APPROPRIATIONS BY THE BOARD Or
"J" Five Hydrants have been placed in Nucj.
nu street, and . reservoirs tr is jprocess
construction at the intersect ioni "of Foe
jiauna Kea, iross, Aiercnant, Motel
CERTIFICATES OF NATIONALITY.
Forty three Certificates of National I
have been granted durioz the past year, u '
To Subjects of Great Britain, j
' " Citizens of the United States,
Subjects of Denmark . 4 .
OATH OF ALLEGIANCEi
The number of foreigners who hive taket
the oath of allegiance to his Majesty is
during the past year 130 : '
Natives of the U. S. of America,
Great Britain, ,
V Germany, :
" British America,
Other countries, "
THE POST OFFICE.
From postage collected for the
U. S. Government from De
cember 1850, to March, 31, i
1852. $885 65
From the Treasury, , 337 50
t ro.-n Hawaiian postage on, for
eign letters and papers,, and
from Box rents, 60? 72
Total receipts, $1,830 87
Paid to Captains as -
freight on mails, $155 11
Paid for boat hire, SO 50
" Advertising and
printing, j So 97
P. M's salary 250 00 '
" Clerk's do.
6 mos. 177 50
Miscellaneous exp's 152 33
Paid J. B. Moore
'forU. S. Got. 749 99
Due do. do. 161 54 1.812 97
Balance on hand $17 90
Since the new postal law of the United
States went into operation the correspon
dence with the United States and Europe
has rapidly increased, and may be especteJ
to increase in future.
The number of letters received "at the
Honolulu Post office during the time abote
mentioned is as follows, as nearly as can be
t IOBEION LETTERS.
Received from the U. S. A. 6033
" all other for
eign countries, 3500
Forwarded to tbe If. S. 9199
- . to all other for
eign countries, 60C0 ;
n Total foreign letters 24, 737 j
I5TER-I3LA5D LETTERS. j
Sent from Post-Office, (estimate) 17,250 '
Received at " 13,800
-Total inter-island letters, 31,050
Total of all letters, , 55,837
The inter-viand commerce, among the nt
tives is steadily increasing, and no doubt I
win oe best to continue to allow such letters
to pass throughout the kingdom postage free.
The accommodations at ore sent afforded
by the use of tbe Polynesian Office are be
coming too cramped for the increasing ana-
ber ot letters passing throueh the Office;
The receipts for the coming year, from
Hawaiian postage, it is estimated, will amount
to $1,000, one fourth of which is payable w
masters ot vessels for carrying the mails.
The balance will no doubt meet the ordinary
expenses of the office, excepting the com
pensation oi post-masters. A laree nuroser
of letters are received at the office to be i;ot
to other ports nf the kingdom, principally m
Lahaina and Hilo, and a post-master ktf
been appointed at Lahaina. Some provi
ion should be made for the pay of post-mi
ters at Lahaina, Hilo and some of the other
ports of the islands:
An arrangement has been completed witi
J. W. Gregory, Esq., for forwarding the V.
S. mails for these islands immediately opo
Iheir being made up at San Francisco. Tbia
labor has, for several years past, been gr
tuitously performed by G. B. Post & Co., to
which they deserve our warmest thiol
For your information I append copy of the
Post-Master's Report, marked E.
At the last session of the Legislature, k
were passed for the regulation of the fisher
iea of the landlords and the public ; but tUf
have not had the desired effect in putting
stop to quarrels and litigation. ' . '
One reason of the frequent disputes k
been the neglect of the landlord's to publish
their tabued fish as required by Section 4,
Article 5, Chapter 6, Part 1 of the 2d A
of Kamehameha III. It wooM, perhap1
better to fix a time by law for aderti""?
these tabu fish, and to enact that if any I
lord shall neglect so to do, his right to tsb
fish shall be forfeited for that year.
Under the law passed at the last Lffb"'
ture, throwing, open the Government finer
ies to the public, several tabus have b
imposed, as advertised in the Elele and Pol
ynesian, for the protection of those who bad
leased certain fishing grounds, and who "
paid in advance. Nearly all of these tab