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$450 every year for a missionary &.his wife,
30 !" " every child under lOycars,
60- . "! under 13 and over 10
175 I' ' single lady.
The undersigned therefore are not extrav
'. agist in assuming for the sake of illustration
(for which purpose they put the sisters of the
misemn nn ihn aamo fmitincr with the bre
thren) that at the rate of 450 yearly, pious
'individuals in the United States have paid
the above named 39 persons $209,100 for
their services rendered, not to those pious
individuals, hut to Your Majesty's subjects !!
In fact, they have paid for their services dur-
1 . '. i X. 1 .mk m r na
o j . ,
for of their children, the undersigned have
made no account, the yearly payments for
ill" vcira. line wilii auuLiitrr. iiiui.ii muivi
whom vastly exceed the yearly excess of
$275, which the undersigned have, in the
table referred to, allowed for the three single
ladies of the mission.
But the $269,100 is enough, and more
than enough for the undersigned to declare,
that if oious individuals in the United States
have esteemed' the 39 individuals of the Mis
sion deserving of $259, 103 for the good done
by them here, it would appear not only un
gracious, but positively ungrateful for your
!r.' ...! U : . . .k k.., -,,,. I I all Ua
benefits of their services to begrudge 'them
less than the 25th part of that amount, viz.,
the above stated $10,925, or even double or
treble of that amount. ,
. TV-. I -.! J .1
uui, Desiues nai is sincuy aue in mem,
' : .: J r i 1 c ,
injustice uuu in grauiuue lor large utuema
An (nrrnfl lir Inom ri t' ri i . nDnnld OVPFV
consideration of . sound policy, under the
rapid decrease of the native population, is in
favor of holding out inducements for them
not to withdraw their children from these is
lands. One of the undersigned strongly
'urged that consideration upon your: Majesty
: r r :i r i i, tUu. oith
u x lit v Liiuutii, o iar viiin u w-jh"
May, 1317, recommending that a formal
Resolution should be passed, declaiing the
gratitude of the nation to the Missionaries for
the services they had performed, and making
some provision for their children.
Your Majesty 's late greatly lamented Min
ister of Public Instruction, Mr. Richards,
with that disinterestedness which character
ized him personally, in all his wordly inter
ests, was fearful that to moot such a question
would throw obloquy upon the Reverend
body to which he had belonged ; .and hence,
to the day of his death, he abstained from
moving it. Neither has any Missionary or
any one who had been connected with the
Mission ever taken it up to this day ; but the
undersigned, who are neither Missionaries,
nor have ever been connected with them,
hesitate not to declare to your Majesty, that
it will remain, in all future history, a stain
-upon this christian nation, if the important
services of the Missionaries be not acknow
ledged in some unequivocal and substantial
manner. I his acknowledgement should not
be a thing implied, or secretly understood,
but openly and publicly declared. , (6)
The undersigned would recommend that
the following or some similar Resolutions
should be submitted to the Legislature.
I. Resolved, That all christian mission
aries who have labored in the cause of Reli
gion and Education, in' these Islands, are
. I y- i- . i-i ri T-
emineuuy oeneiaciors oi me Hawaiian IN ac
2. Resolved, That as a bare acknow
ledgement of these services, every individual
missionary who may have served eight years
on the Islands, whether Protestant or Catho
lic, who does not already hold 500 acres of
land, snail be allowed to purchase land to
that extent at a deduction of 50 cents on every
acre, from the price that could be obtained
from Lay Purchasers ; but that for all land
beyond that quantity he must pay the same
price as the latter would pay, and that those
who have served less than 8 years, be allow
ed to nurchase land, on the nmi tprma na
Laymen until the completion of the 8 years,
a2r which they are to be allowed the same
favor as the others.
3. Resolved,- That all christian missiona
ries serving on these islands shall be exempt
from the payment of duties on goods import
ed for their use in the proportion following,
lor every year, viz., on goods to the In
voice value of one hundred collars, for every
acttrc member of the mission excluding ser
vants. - -. ''-.
Uo goods to the value of thirty dollars for
every child above 2 vears of ase.
v R. C. WYLLIE.
(S.gned.) KEONI ANA.
Privy Council Chamber,. Aug. 19, 1850.
(6.) The missionaries are far from asking any pe
cial gratuity of the Government for past services,
They only desire to be put on the same footing with
oiaer persons equauy deserving and worthy of en
couragement. - - .
cs c o
C-l O C5 0
2 3 J
el .3 -3 5ra
M C3 i
a c y
M C4 -C4
T ' I tJ
.1 W 5
0.0 - -
- e .
& 3. ?
c 2 --c
r-i n V9
5 5T -5 e
o e S
- tl w w M N C
TABLE , : I
missionary service and its val-
ues as it has
itimated and pud for in the U.
year yrnra iijievi
trrrice. Brr yrly uU y
Bailer, Mr. Teactei
Clark. Kev. Mr,
Cook A. S. Mr. Teachei
Dole, Kev. Mr,
Emerson, Rev. Mr. .
Green; Rev. Mr. ,
Gulick, Rev. Mr. - , - .
Hitchcock, Rev. Mr. - "
Hall Mr. late secular agent
Dimond, Mr. Bookbinder
Johnson, Rev. Mr.
Parker " "
Rogers E II Printer
Rowell Rev. Mr.
Coan, Titus Rev. Mr.
Ives, Mark " "
Thurston Asa " "
Lyons, Rev. Mr. v .
Rice, Mr. Teacher .
Chamberlain, late Sec. agent
Castle, S. X. sec. agent
Pogue, Rev. Mr.
Whitney Rev Mr late of Waimea 30
Wilcox, " "
Dwight, M M
Whittlesey, Rev. Mr.
Smith, Rev. L.
5?S yre costing $0C9,100
to the T)ious contributors in the United States, and
not costing one rial to the Hawaiian people, who had
received all the benefit of their zealous services.' ,
SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1852.
Close of Vol. 8 The present number,
fifty-two, completes the 8th Vol. of the Polyne
fiian. We take this occasion to think ouT sub
scribers for the conetancy with which they have
patronized the Polynesian, and our contributors,
for the interest and zeal which they have manifest
ed in ass'.6tin U3 to sustain the interests of the
Hawaiian nation commercial, agricultural, re
ligious and moral. Jn defence of truth, we
have had able co-adjutors in our numerous con
tributors ; we bespeak a continuance of their aid
in the same cause. We love the Hawaiian nation
and people, and ehall ever fearlessly advocate the
policy that seems to us best adapted to secure the
independence of the King and the prosperity of
all lUtiaoa in Tfia Irtmininnc T? i rrhtinnunoca r-v
nil Vliiang in . . i-i uvmiuivuu a.. wwwmww
alteth a nation ; but sin is a disgrace to any
people." . '
On the 15th inst, the first No. of Vol. 9 will be
issued. The terms will be the same as heretofore,
$6,00 per annum, payable, in all cases in ad
vance. A prospectus will be 6ent with the carri
er, win will be authorized to receive payment from
those who subscribe, and to whom receipted bills
will be returned with the succeeding number.
We solicit, from those who have heretofore taken
the Polynesian, a continuance of their patronngc
and from those who have never yet taken it, their
names as subscribers. We shall spare no labor
or pains to make the Polynesian a ussful shee
and welcome visitor, both in the family and count
ing room ; in the work-shop and on the plantation ;
in the office and in the halls of Legislation ; on
ship-board and on shore.
Vessel cct orr " avd crew siurdered.
Capt. George Heath of the Barque Pescadore, of
Valparaiso, touched at Chatham island, one of the
Gallipagos, on his recent voyage to this port. He
has kindly furnished us with the following partic
ulars of the massacre of the crew of an Ameri
can 6loop, and the de -traction of the vessel, by
the convicts on that island. '
From the information communicated to him, it
appears that about the middle of November last,
the sloop Phantom, Capt. Kendal, of San Francis
co, visited that island for a cargo of turtle. A boat
was sent ashore with all the crew except the Capt.
mate and a boy. While thus weakened, a boat
with five convicts came off, attacked the vessel,
and killed the mate ; on observing which, the cap
tain jumped overboard, but was pursued and kill,
ed in the water. The pirates then returned to the
vessel, killed the boy, and plundered the vessel.
Money to the amount of $7,000 or $8,000 was
supposed, to have been on board. After robbing
the vessel "of all they wanted, she was scuttled
and sunk. '.. The party on shore were all killed, by
the convicts, who quarrelled among themselves,
ana killed one of their own dumber.
. Capt. Heath saw on shore a chronometer, the
miniature , and clothes of Capt. Kendal, and was
informed by the English captain of a Spanish brig,
that two of the perpetrators of the massacre had
been apprehended, and that Jhe other two were
still at large in the mountains. ,
; Murders are of frequent occurrence on ell the
islands of the Gallapagos group among the con
victs. .; While passing out 'between two of the
islands, a whale-boat manned by prisoners;' came
along-side, and reported ; that three men were
murdered the day before, one. of , whom . was a
white man, supposed to have been Orun-away
sailor. " . "
. Capt. Heath warns, all vessels touching , at the
Gallapagos, to be on their guard, as it is altogeth
er unsafe to trust the desperadoes who are impris
oned there. ,He strongly surmises that the petty
governors who have charge of the prisoners, are
implicated in acts of piracy, and he himself came
near falling into a trap set for his destruction, and
for the capture of his vessel. He only escaped by
receiving warning from the captain of the Span
i&hbrig. . . . 2- : ' ' - ' ' : -'
An American cruiser will doubtless be sent to
Chatham island, to inquire into the matter of the
San Francisco sloop. ., ' ' ' .
ICP We welcome back to its especial field of la
bor, the long-time absent FrieDd," revived under
the editorial charge of the Rev. S.'C. Damon, Sea
men's ChapLv'hi port. It U a familiar face, and
one th at jtT ' &rty welcome in every family ci
cl wl srtce, Tirtue, and religion are rever
ed zt filled. , On every subject of morals, bene
Toltru christian kindness, wY always know
wFero tqt&ad the Friend. ' W most cordially wish
itMcecsa; and that H may long be sustained in its
OThe Mail for San Francisco will rlose at the
Post-office on Monday, May 10th, at 3 P. M., per brig
Eagle - "
A mail will also be made op for Sydney, closing at
3 P. M. this day, per chip Emily.
rV ' 13
THE POLYNESIAN, SATtmBAYl MAY 8, 1852.
.... ' Fot the PoIvumim.
Mr. Editor i I, with many others have .been
much pleased with the appearance of" the second
number of the Transactions of the Agricultural So
ciety. It is a credit to the Islands, and contains
information not only valuable to us, but interesting
to agriculturists abroad. It shows that there is
mind in this remote quarter of the globe as well
as muscle, that there is enterprise and a will to
do beyond the means to accomplish that more la
bor,' more ca ital, better machinery, and great im
provements are needed in all departments of agri
culture ; and in fine, thit though the Sandwich s
landsfirBorwhaKbey ought to be," yet they
are making some p.fo&ess in discovering what
thev are. ; Not to waste thue on the address of the
Hon. Luther Severance, whicTT-pfri3M jielf,
ctical lessons, all of whicfrfihs known the admission of Gov. Kapeau into the
and irives us many prac
will well repay a reading, let us pass to a notice of
the essays and reports which follow. First in or
der is the report of Mr. Pitman of Hawaii, giving
the exports of Hilo for 1851 with remarks of the
various products of the district, all of which are
valuable, as exhibiting the resources of that fine
region, and as being suggestive of the necessity
of increased attention to their development. For
example, his remarks on Arrow Root, showing that
hundreds of tons might be manufactured there ev
ery year at a cost not exceeding 4 cents per pound,
Hilo, with the aid of a few thousand dollars from
government, expended in roads and bridges, would i
be in my opinion the best sugar district in the Is
lands, and exceed all others in the amount and va
riety of its products. It has been shockingly ne
glected, but on this subject I have much to say,
and I return to the book. The next gentleman
we meet is Mr. Rhodes of Kauai, a practical coffee
planter, who gives us a long essay "on the cultiva
tion of the coffee tree, and the manufacture of its
produce," as interesting as it is valuable, including
the fruits of its own experience and the knowledge
of other countries. It appears that the fine plant
ation of Mr. Rhodes is suffering greatly from the
want of labor, but now that be has a supply of
Coolies, it is to be hoped his trees will soon recov
ers .His neighbor Mr. Titcomb has been more for
tunate, and we are happy to learn that he has just
gathered eighty thousand pounds of the most su
perior coffee. Hanalei promises to be the great
coffee field of the group. Well, what next do we
have ? The "Report on Sheep, by G. S. Ken
way." "Whodont know the virtues of Waimea mutton."
This report I consider a model in its line a nullum
in parvoa quaint, terse, spicy and yet highly
practical essay on sheep and the duty of the shep
herd, with not a word too many evidently, and writ
ther with the spirit of "a Scotchman from the H igh
lands, one who has tramped over the heather with
his bleating flocks since he was a boy." We hope
to hear more from this writer on a subject so im
portant and yet so neglected, at the next meeting
of the Society ; and may the nib or his pen never
The report on Neat Cattle is short but good, and
besides showing an improvement in our breeds,
contains some capital suggestions, whxh every
grazier should read. We hope at the next exhibi
tion to see some specimens of the improved breed
by the Angus and Hereford bulls.
Next in order, comes the report on that most in
teresting of all quadrupeds, the horse. The com
mittee has made some excellent suggestions to the
legislature about limiting the number ofstillions
etc., which I hear will be acted upon at this ses-1
sion. J ney state mat laaaaoie ciiorts nave Deen
made to improve the blood of our horses by impor
tations of stallion3 and mares from Chile, Sydney
and the United States. We hope that the report
ofthe committee will be attended with good re
sults ; for if there was ever a country where horses,
needed improvement it is in these islands! With
very few exceptions, we hav nothing but mongrel
nags all over the kingdom, totally deficient in all
good points, and possessing neither utility, safety
or beauty. In the eye of the sportsman they would
be viewed as a race of deformed and imbecile
brutes, with ragged quarters, hollow backs, narrow
chests, twisted legs, necks upside down, and reg
ular "lawyers," or big-heads at that. We have the
stumblers, the blinkers, the shyers, and in short,
every variety of breed except the thorough-bred.
Messrs. Cummins, Meek and Thompson, deserve
much credit for their efforts to improve our stock.
"Oregon" is a fine animal the sire of many good
c lts, and Thompson's Sydney horse is what would
be called in horse-phraseology, "a perfect gentle
The next chapter in this volume, that claims our
attention is the report on poultry by Mr. Rogers,
and I trust some one fond of fowls, (and who is
not?) will carry out his suggestions in reference to
the Dorkings and Poland top-knots. How little
trouble it would give some of our merchants to
send to England or the United States for a few
pairs of these fine fowls, and thus benefit them
selves and their neighbors. Here, -where hens
will lay the year round, eggs are worth fifty cents
per dozen. This is a shame. Every family with
a little trouble can raise their own fowls and eggs,
but we require better breeds. We need the Po
land hen, who has little or no inclination to sit and
hatch, but seems quite willing to sing and lay the
year through, leaving the" drudgery of raising
chickens to others. : "A dozen hens," says a Scotch
Poulterer, "well attended, will furnish a family
with more than two thousand eggs a year and one
hundred full grown chickens for the fall and win
ter store," and I believe him. ; " - :'
The Spanish hen is a fine fowl and lays very
large eggs! ' We had a good specimen of them at
the last exhibition, contributed by , Mr. Janion,
who owns several of those fowls of pure blood.' ...
The report on 'trees and grasses" is from one of
the most experienced pomologists in: the islands.
Mr. Bailey is a very modest, but knowing man
possessed of theory, and yet eminently fond of
facts and practice. His remarks will pay all lov
res of shade or fruit trees for a perusal. ' We have
had a recent importation of fruit trees from Aus
tralia, the quince, plum, cherry, pear, etc., from
which we hope to hear at the next meeting. In
addition to this, 1 take pleasure in adding," that Mr.
Judd, the present chairman of the committee .on
trees and grasses, has recently introduced the cur
rant and gooseberry from Oregon. Reserving my
remarks on the other reports till another occasion.
I remain, Yours truly, PLOUGH.
Retcrx op th King's Yacht The
which sailed on the 3d inst- with passengers
Sydney, returned yesterday to this port, on account
of a leak in the bows which they were unable to
stop, at sea, in consequence of the roughness of the
sea. bhe will sail again to-cuy, having been re
paired by Messrs. Robinson & Co.
HOPSE OF NOBLES. .
The following is the letter received from the
house of repfeaentatives, on the 23rd Apnl, and
which was ordered to be entered in the minutes.
House of Representatives, April 21, 1852.
Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge the re
ceipt of your notef the 17th inst, m rep y to
r ik irttH in which vou state that the
house of nobles do notpretend that the house of
representatives are noi ine juoges i uieir
elections, and that you infer that the house of re
presentatives do not mean ya taite ouier ground in
regard to tne nouse oi nuuinouu u "uu ju
quote the 14th Rule of those jointly agreed upon
. i t; ' t .1
between tne two nouses, as applicants to we prei
The consti4ation7pge lothTdeclares that should
any persorr dc receivea into me nouse oi nooies,
it shell be made known by law. As no law mak-
house of Nobles has ever been published, and as
we have reason to believe that he sits with, and
takes part in the deliberations of that body, I con
ceive that the house of representatives have a clear
right to enquire by which authority Governor Ka
peau is so allowed to hold a seat in that house.
The 14tb Rule which you quote, it is evident
was intended to apply to bills and resolutions re
quiring the action of both houses, and not to a
simple resolution of enquiry like the present. Even
allowing that it did apply in this case, it has not
been in any way infringed, as there are no papers
in the possession of this house relative to the reso
lution in question.
The house of representatives have no intention or
desire. to disturb in any decree the harmony which
has always existed between the two branches of
the Legislature. In passing the resolution reier
red to, they deemed that they were exercising a
right and performing a duty, clearly granted to
them by the constitution, and one that would not
be questioned by the house of nobles.
I have the honor to remain Sir,
your most obdt. hum. sen t.,
(Signed.) G. M. ROBERTSON,
Speaker of tho House of Representatives.
To His Highness, Jons Yousc,
President of the House of Nobles.
Thursdny, April 29. The house went into com
mittee of the whole on the constitution. Mr. Wyl
lie read the following substitute for the 23rd arti
cle, which had been rejected : "The spiritual du
ties of the clergy are incompatible with the exer
cise of political functions ; clergymen having pa
rochial charges ought not to abai.don their flocks ;
therefore, no clergymen of any denomination, hav
ing such charges, are eligible as Representatives
ofthe people, or to any secular office under the
government requiring them to remove from their
The above article not having been seconded,
Mr. Wyllie entered the following protest, which
was recorded in the minutes.
I solemnly protest against the omission of the
23rd article, or of an article having a similar effect,
for the following reasons :
1. Because it is impossible, in the present state
ofthe native mind, that clergymen C3n take part
in tSe elections, and hold seats in Parliament, with
out having the returns all according to their own
wish, and without having the legislature all their
own way, whereby King, Lords and Commons
would all merjre in the church, and the church be
come in fact the state.
2. Because a Government ostensibly Kingly,
but really Priestly, would not be tolerated, and a
Revolution would ensue.
3. Because the services of clergymen with their
flocks are so mucn more valuable th:in any they
could render in Parliament as the interests of the
soul and of eternity are more important than those
ofthe world, and of man during the brief space
that he has to live upon it.
4. Because a mere suspicion of underhand inter
meddling by the clergy m the affairs ofthe King's
Government h is created much trouble and danger
to the King in his Relations with Foreign Powers,
and, on one occasion, placed the clergy themselves,
out ofthe pile of civilized war.
ll, iJCLUUC 11 UJtJV Olb til 114 UI.M1ULUII. UJi.
acKnowicusrea ana visioie xacioi m-eir uuermea
:ling would necessarily lead.to more trouble and
danger th in the bare suspicion of it, inasmuch as
the palpable tact would admit ot no Diplomatic
denial. Hitherto, I had denied the charge of in
termeddling, because I did not believe it to be
6. Because I do not believe that any Missionary
or Clergyman, having a Parochial or District
Charge would voluntarily prefer to abandon that
charge, and to enter into Parliament, or could look
upon it, otherwise than as a high and valuable
privilege to be protected by law from all services
to the 6tite as a subject, that could call him offj
from the infinitely more important and honorable
service which he owes to his Lord and Master,' in
the cure of souls.
7. Becanse the two most enlightened Govern
ments of the World, those of Great Britain and
the United States concur in the principle of the
incompatibility of clerical duties with that of the
Politicians, and in the exclusion of clergymen from
the Representation of the people.
8. Because Christ himself declared His King
dom not to be of this world. His Apostles preach
ed the same doctrine, and the Christian Church in
all ages, while claiming a supremacy in all spirit
ual matters, in the name of Christ, its Head, has
acknowledged its subjection to Princes, in temporal
matters has recommended its clergy to abstain,
as much as possible, from wordly concerns, and
has enjoined upon the Parochial clergy, the per
formance of certain sacred duties that pre-suppose
an entire and undistracted devotion to the regular
discharge of those duties, and hence the establish
ment of tithes, elebes and benefices
9. Because it a clergyman should field to the
temptation of abandoning the service of his Lord
and Master, in the cure of souls, he could not ex
pect the blessinjf of God to follow him into Parlia
mcnt, whereas, without moving from his flock, his
prayers for the King and State, may call down a
oiessmr irom on high.
10. Because while any intended slur nnon the
clergy in the 23rd article is altogether disavowed,
it would argue a degree of selfish pride unbecom
ing tneir noiy protession, lor them, on that mere
pretence, to insist upon a right of no valne to them
as Ministers of God, but, on the contrary incom
patible with their duties to Him inconsistent with
the safety ofthe Kin? to whom they owe alle
giance, and subjecting themselves to a suspicion of
a hankering alter wordly honors and preterments,
which suspicion creates a prejudice against them
and impiirs their usefulness, within the sphere
to which God and his Church have confined them,
when he emphatically declared the impossibility of
serving both God and mammon.
ROBERT CRICHTON WYLLIE.
: House of Noblts, April 29, 1852. ... ...
The rt'port of the three commissioners, upon the
reference of the 18th and 21st. articles, was read,
accepted and ordered to be recorded in the min
utes ; when, on motion of Prince Alexander, those
two articles were adopted. r
On motion of Mr. Wyllie, Resolved, That this
house request the King's chief Justice, Hon. Wm.
L Lee, to prepare a bill for the land and naval
forces of this kingdom, as referred to in the report
of the constitution of the 24th inst. - t -
Mr. Wyllie, seconded by Mr. Judd, moved to
introduce a new article, as follows :
Art. 22. The -government ofthe kingdom is
that of a constitutional monarchr."" under His Ma
jesty, Kamchameha III., his heirs by descent or
uuupuuii, m.ua successors. Adopted.
Mr. Wyllieseconded by Mr. Armstrong, moved
to introduce a new article, as lo?lows t
OR POWERS. ,
Abt. 23. The supreme power of the kingdom,
in its exercise, is divided into the executive,
legislative and judicial ; these are to be preserved
dwtinct; ths two last powers cannot be united in
any one individual or body. Adopted.
On motion of Mr. Judd, seconded by Lot Kame
hamehi, it was Resolved, That Chap. UI be num
bered II and take precedence in order, and the ar
ticles ofthe constitution be numbered consecutive
ly frm 1 to the end
Chap. (IH) II, Sec. 1, Art. (1) 24, was adopt
Art. 2 25, was read. Mr. Judd, seconded by
Prince Alexander, movgd to amend by erasing the
words, "the order of succession to it shall be as
follows," and inserting the words, "to his succes
sors," which was adopted, and the article pass
ed. Art. (3) 26, was read. Print"!! Lot, seconded by
Mr. Judd, moved to strike out the words, "nor un
til he has attained the age of twenty-five years."
Amendment adopted, and the article passed.
Art. (4) 27, was read. On motion of Mr. Wyllie,
the words "is" and "has" were inserted in the
place of "shall" and "shall have," in the first sen
tence, that the English may correspond with the
Hawaiian, and the article passed as amended.
Art. (5) 28 was read. Mr. Judd, seconded by
Prince Lot, moved to strike out all after "offens
es," which amendment was adopted, and the arti
cle passed as amended.
The committee tose, and the house adjourned.
"-'xj-v Friday, April 30.
A message was read from the House of Repre
sentatives, stating that they had rejected the act
sent to them by this house, declaring the Princes
Alexander Liholiho and Lot Kamehameha members
of this house, and enclosing an act passed by that
house, electing the two Princes to seats in this
house. After a long debate, the bill from theiow
er house was rejected, and a new act was passed
through three several readings.
No other business was done, and the house ad
journed. .. .
oaiuraay, fliay i.
- Several members being absent, and the King's
Ministers beinsr oressed by the business of their
srveral departments, the house adjourned to Mon
xMonaav, aiay oa.
A' message was received from the House of Rep
resentatives. Dresentin? the new Constitution as
n mended and nassed bv them. On motion of
a cr .
Mr. Wyllie, Resolved, That it be respectfully re
ceived and laid on the table until after this house
shall have finif hed considering the Report of the
Commissioners, and that the Secretary inform the
H. R. to that effect. ' ' ,
, A message was received from the House of Rep
resentatives, enclosirg an act passed by them, "to
prohibit the carrying of deadly weapons." Refer
red to a special committee to examine and re
port. The following message was received from the
lower house, enclosing an "act to make known
members received into the house of Nobles," con
curred in by the house of representatives.
House of Representative, May 1,1852. -
To His Highness, John Young,
President ot the House ot iHooies.
Sir: I have thp honor to transmit herewith,"A
law making known the members received into the
House of Nobles, which has this day been con
curred in, and pissed by, the House of Represen
tatives, the Rules having been suspended lor that
1 am instructed by tne .Representatives to say
that they fully appreciate and reciprocate the
friendly -pirit of your message. -
With sentiments of the most profound respect, I
have the honor to be, Sir, your most obedient serv-
(Signed) G. M. ROBERTSON.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
A message was also received from the lower
house, enclosing "Order in Council, defining the
rank and duties of the Premier of the Kingdom,"
nassed by that house. Read a first time. The
rules were suspended, and the act passed.
Prince Alexander entered the following protestfealfing for that amount for his district.
. . U n
The undersigned protests against the act de
fining the rank and duties of tie Premier, on the
ground that he claims for Victoria Kamamalu the
right of exercising this office on her coming of age
and reserves the right to plead the same at any fu
(Signed,) Alexander Liholiho.
The house went into committee of the whole, on
Art. (6) 2D was read. Mr. Wyllie moved to
amend by erasing the whole, and inserting, "The
King convenes both houses of the Legislature, at
the seat of government, or at a different place, if
that should b come dangerous from an enemy or
any dangerous disorder; and in case of disagree
ment between the two houses among themselves,
or between His Majesty and them, He adjourns,
prorogues or dissolves them, by right of His Royal
Prerogative, but not beyond the session of next
year ; under any great emergency, he may convene
them to extraordinary sessions." Amendment
passed, and the article adopted. - ,
Art. (7) 30 was read. This article was amended
by erasing the words, "He shall have," and insert
ing, "The King has," when it passed as amend
ed. Art. (8) 31 was read. This article was amended
by substituting "is" for "shall be," and also by in
serting "acknowledge," in place of "accredit,"
when it passed as amended. .
Art. (9)32 was read, and amended by substitut
ing "has" for "shall have," and passed as amend
ed. Art. (10) 33 was read, and "is" substantiated for
"shall be," and passed as amended.
Art. (11) 3l was read, and amended by substi
tuting "has" for "shall have, and passed as amend
ed. Art. (12) 35 was read. After some discussion
on this article, the committee rose, and the house
Tuesday, May 4.
In committee ofthe whole, on the Constitution.
M r. Judd moved to insert after "cabinet," the word
"being," and to insert in the Hawaiian, a transla
tion ofthe clause, "to the King belongs the execu
tive power." Mr. Armstrong moved to amend the
amendment by making it read, "in presence of a
majority of the members of bis cabinet, who may
be present." The amendment was adopted, and i
the article passed '
M r. Wyllie moved to add the following new ar
ticles to Chap 11, viz: .
Art. 36. "The King is sovereign of all the
people ; the kingdom is his." ' -
Art. 37. "All titles of honor, orders and other
distinctions, emanate from the King." .
Art. 38. "The King coins money, and regu
lates the currency by law." '
Art. 39. "The King, in case of invasion, or re
bellion, can place the whole kingdom or any part
of it, under martial law; and he can even alienate
it, if indispensable to free it from the insult and
oppression of a foreign power."
?. Art. 40. "The King's standard and the Nation
al ensign are maintained as now established. -
Art. 41. "The King's private lands and other
personal property are inviolable : they cannot be
sequestered by the nation, but they are responsible
for His Majesty's just debts, lawfully contract
The preceding new articles were discussed, and
Sec. II. Or the Kcrika Ncr.
Art. (1) 42 was read. On motion of Mr. Wyllie,
seconded by Prince Liholiho. tho Pn,ri.K w..
amended by inserting "appoints" for "shall appoint"
and the words "Kuhina Nui" for "Prime Minister
and by striking out "His? before "Highness,"which
amendments were adopted, and the article pass
ed. ...... - y- .
Art. (2) 43 was read. On motion of Mr. Ann
strong, the native was amended by subjoining the
words, koe nae na mea i boakakaia ma ke kana
wai," and subjoining to the English the following;
"AH acts, royal patents, commissions, and other
official documents, duly executed by the Kuhina
Nui, in the name, and with the consent ofthe King,
unless where especially excepted by law, shall be
equally binding as if executed by the King him
self," and the article passed, as amended.
Art. (3) 44, (4) 45, (5) 46, and (6) 47, were read
and passpd, when the committee rose. '
The committee to whom was referred the yact
passed by the house of Representatives,' "to pro
hibit th? carrying of deadly weapons,, presented
th ur report thereon, which was accepted, and the
following section inserted in the act, viz :Sec 2.
1 he following persons are hereby declared to be
authorized to bear arms, viz : All nersnm,i.ri
official, military or naval rank, either under tv8
government, or that of any nation at peace
this kingdom, when worn for legitimate DnnJIl .
The Act was put upon a third reading md
when the hou adjourned.
- . Wednesday, May 5
A message was received from the house of re
resentatives, of 3d May, enclosing "An act to
duce (he labor tax on roads and other pQM
works," which act was read a first time. On nj
tion of Mr. Judd, the rules were suspended,
the act passed to a second reading; After son
discussion, on motion of Kekuanaoa, seconded bv
Prince Liholiho, the bill was rejected. '
. A message was received from the other hooj.
enclosing an "act levying specific duties on
syrup of sugar and coffee," which act was read i
first time. On motion of Mr. Wyllie, the role,
were suspended, and the act passed to its second
reading. On motion of Mr. Wyllie, the Engbsk,
was amended by inserting "this government h
for "we," in the first section. On motion of (t
Armstrong, it was read a third time and passei
A message was receded from tbe other house
closing an Act providina for reciprocal duo,
certain articles with the U. S. of North A merit, -which
act was read a first time. On motion of v.
Armstrong the rules were suspended, and the
passed tnrouga me zna ana aa reaamgs ana facsej,
- The house went into committee of the whole, n.
... . . n 1 t m 1 .
the constitution. Chap. LL sec ILL of the Prin
TW - Aib liil 7, no inu. jiui uuu. second.
:t A M 19 A f- T M .'
ed by -Mr. Wyllie, moved to strike out the what.
section, and substitute thollowia vis : "Art. 4J.
There shall continue to'btraCooncil of State for si
vising the King in the -hxecutive part of the cot era.
ment, and in directing the affairs of the kingdom, r.
cording to the constitution and laws of the land.
to be called the xung s rnvy council oi state.
" Art. 49. The members of the Privy CourJtil
appointed by the King, and hold their offices during
His Majesty's pleasure. The King's ministers md
the governors of islands are ex officio, member of
His Privy Council. The Privy Council regulates iti
own proceedings by bye-laws enacted by themselver
and approved by the iung.
M Art. 50. The King may, at any time, resolve Ej
Privy Council into a Board of Finance." Which .
tides were adopted.
Sec. IV. Art. ( 1.) 5 1, was read. On motion of Mr.
Wyllie, seconded by Mr. Judd, the foil "wing v
substituted. The ministers of the King an appoint
ed and commissioned by Him, and hold their offica
during His Majesty's pleasure. Adopted.
Art. (2.) 52 was read. On motion of Prince Alex,
ander, seconded by Mr. Ii, it was amended by insert
ing after the word respectively,' tbe words deter,
mine, and in the latter case, so far. as may consul
with the King's honor, and the good of the public
service, which amendment was adopted, and die ar
ticle passed. ' .. - i
Art. (3.) 53 was read and passed.
Mr. Judd, seconded by Prince Alexander, moved
to insert a new article, as follows, vis :
f Art, 54. The King's Ministers hold seats in tie
House of Nobles ; and they have the right at tny
time to be heard in the House of Representatives. '
The committee rose. . . -
The Secretary was ordered to inform the house of
representatives that the funeral of the late Jaain
Kali, son of the high chiefs K. Kapaakea and Keo
hokalole will take place to-morrow, at 4 r. x. Ad
journed to Friday, May 7th.
. HoCSE OF RCFBESEXTATIVES.
Thursday, April 29th. The speaker stated that
Gov. Kapeau was present to explain the expendi
ture for the roads on Hawaii. '
It appeared from the Governor's statement that
the $5G0 intended for the district of Hamakoa, bad
been drawn for the rrountain road from Kailua to
Hilo, and by some mistake in tie treasury office
had been charged to Hamakua. The speaker gave
notice of his intention to introduce a resolution
Petition from Honolulu, aea'nst makinsr roads
through private lands. Referred.
: The select committee to which was referred tbe
petition praying that women may be released from
liability to the konobiki tax, reported a bill to t&at
effect. Ordered to be read a first tune on 3Iondar
The select committee appointed to frame a bill
returning taxes assessed on native sailors to the
districts to which they may belong, reported a bill
in accordance, which was ordered to be read
first time on Tuesday next, . ;
The select committee on the petition froroWai
fciki praying that the circuit court of that district
may be abolished, reported a bill in accordance
with the prayer of the petitioners, and instituting
similar court at Honolulu. Ordered to be read on
The reciprocal duty bill was then read a second
timp. and Hiariia.u in rnmmiltM nf tho whnlA Mr
Richardson in the chair.
paakai, Marshall, Robertson, Rhodes and Sheldon
participated, the bill was laid on the table and the
Privy Council requestrd to explain to the house the
motives which originated tbe bill.
Mr. Funk's bill to prohibit the appointment of
district Justices who do not understand the Ha
waiian language, was ordered to be read a first
time on Thursday next.
The bill amendim? the trMna.su law wm rpi the
first tune, and after some discussion ordered for a
second reading to-morrow.
The house went into committee ofthe whole on
the law forbidding the carrying of deadly weapons,
which was passed, and the committee rose.
The bill was then ordered to be engrossed &&d
reaa a tnira time to morrow. -
in um. ot tne whole, the 1st chanter ofthe INetr
Constitution as amended was read a third time.
When the bill admitting the Princes Alexander
Lanolin o, and Lot Kamehameha was read a third
time and passed. Adjourned. '
Friday, April 30th.
Several petitions were read and referred.
i ne committee on t usance reported that tt?
Minister of Finance had furnished them with thi
rrrtnnff Mnnaatail Yi-wr huaI . I ft
1 he committee found some discrepancy in the last
accounts, that of law books, &c as they considered
. 1 . m - . ... . - -
inai several items contained therein did not nro-
perly belong to that account. Report received,
ana documents laid on the table for the informa
tion of members.
Mr. Rhodes introduced his bill amendin? the
law or "moe kolohe, ordered for a second reading
on Wednesday next.
Mr. Kamakau introduced a bill to abolish the
fees for registering branding irons. Ordered for
The order fn Council defining the duties of Pre
mier ofthe kingdom was read first and second
time, and ordered for a third reading to morrow.
The orders of the day were then takes up. Th
remiining chapters of the New Constitution pass
ed a third nffinr
Messrs. Sheldon, Wakeman, and Kaumaea ask
ed leave to be excused from voting on the final
passages. Not granted.
The constitution as amended was then finallj
passed 17 to 5. ,
Mr. MetcalPs Fence and Trespass Bill was post
poned to Friday next.
The bill to prohibit the carrying of deadly wet
P0?3 waa read a lhird time and passed. Adj'd. ;
Petition from Kau, Hawaii, against the Snrvej
appointed by the Lanil
that others may be appointed. Laid on the table
Petition from the school masters of Koolauloa,
Oahu, praying for an increase of pay ; also form
appropriation of $5C0 per ann. for the schools of
each district. Referred. . - ,
Petition from the same district against the tax
collector of that district, paying for his dismissal
from office. Referred to the Governor of Oaho-
The com. on the judiciary reported against the
prayer of certain petitioners, asking that konobik
may not be allowed to charge for pastnrage. Re
port accepted. . . .. .....T
The following message was received from the
house of nobles, transmitting an act making know
the names of the Nobles constituting that body.
r House of Nobles, April 30, 1852,
Sir. In transmitting the enclosed law to the
house of representatives, the house of nobles are
actuated by the sincerest desire to promote the in
terests of the King, the 'Nobles and the People
interests alike dear to us all ; and we trust that oo
mere want of conformity with forms, shall operate
against the highest interests ofthe nacion. '