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THE POLYNESIAN, SATURDAY. OCTOBER 16, 1852.
- SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1852.
' -! ' Plantations.. "
From persona who have recently visited the
other islands," we learn with pleasure "that Jbe
"crops are looking Well, and will be ready for
"wrinflinor in about six weeks. 'The amount of
l- ts o
; canes to grind this year is small, compared with
what it will be next. Hundreds of acres having
been recently planted, w hich will require a twelve
i inonth, to come to maturity." From all' the infor
mation we have been "able to obtain, we judge that
the' afnouni of sugar and coffee that will be pro
duced in 1853, will far exceed that of any previous
5-eafat the islands. We-should like some statis
' tics in regard to the amount of land in cultivation,
' for next year's crop, and would thank our local
"'correspondents for 'such' information as they can
.. lurnwh on tnis suojecu - . - .
- Notwithstanding the' stimulus which has been
. . given to agricultural operations by the remonerat-
i dng prices that have prevailed for the past six
- months for our staples, it is a matter of great re-
irret that no more plantations are being commenced
- tho nminriion oi conee ana suirar.
SJ 1 Va V jiw "-- ; O
- former article, especially, has commanded a pncet
at least 5D .per cent above, the London or ISew
' York rates; and this," too, in .the country of produc-
tion! This consideration, we should. think, would
set capitalists to work ; and if combmaUoa is ne-
, cessary to command capital, the sooner a joint
; stock company is projected, Uie Detter wm u De
for the-country. We want exports ; and when it
is considered that the consumption of coffee,
throughout the world increases much : faster than
;the increased production, in what way, iAnay be
asked, can capital be Detter or more saieiy em
ployed, than in producing coffee ?
Suar, also, we have ever regarded as a pro
duction that will pay well here, and although it
Las been depressed, there is little fear that it will
not prove' highly remunerative. , It may; require to
be held a little for paying rates; but we have never
yetlnown'a year to elapse when the price was not
remunerative- ' . . - - - . ";
i ' As the.season is about arriving when sugar will
be made, wc would : earnestly; impress it ujon
planters1 to.'lqpk well, to the odality'" of their
sugars Tor export. : Tho islands need a reputation
of their own, to secure, whlcjycji're must be taken
in the, production of a good article..,. Freights are
no higheri apon-an article- that will sell for ten
-cents, than upon one that only brings five. ;
Another point'of great importance, is, a uniform
weight in the packages.' "We have been assured
ly' merchants iuSan Franciscb, that on account of
the miserable mal.oag pacKages oi an sons, size3
and weights, a loss of two or three cents per lb
has often to be sustained, in selling Sandwich
Jsland jsugar The same, truth has been so often
xepresented to us. by different persons, who know
the taste and rerjuiremonts.of the San. Francisco
market, that we are amazed at the indifference
iome the planters here exhibit in the matter.
What is wuhted there, is a good, clean, strong
package, w-ell secdred, of 50 or 100 lbs. weight.
Such packages will suit the demand of the market,
and meet with ready sale. They are adapted to
the inland trade, ' where expedition in handling,
and secunty. in transportation are indispensable
requisites for all merchandise of this sort. .
We . most earnestly . recommend our planters,
both sugar and coffee, to give this particular point,
the uniform weight, and substantial character of
packages, more' attention than they have ever
before done. It would 6ave much loss from wastef
and much time in re-weighing,; when sales are
made; and .we have1 no doubt, 'a. saving would
be effected, equal to tlie extra ' expense, to say
nothing of getting an extra price for the article.
It had been our design to allude again to the
subject of joint-stock companies, for prosecuting
the business of planting, and still, further to have
advocated that measure. But a correspondent has,
for this week, occupied as. much of our room as we
can spare' on that subject." We are persuaded it
needs only tone. discussed, in a candid and business-like
manner, to meet with the approbation
and coparatiou of.the public. What other plan
can be devised ? How else can capital be pro
cured to carry on enterprises which, all admit, lie
at. the bottom of our national pecuniary prosperity ?
' . Hedges and Fences. ;
' We publish on our first page a very ' interesting
article, relating to the Osage Orange, its peculiar
ities, mode of cultivation, &lc, which will repay a
perusal and we trust may lead to the introduction
and culture of this' plant.
.'. It has been a subject of inquiry before the Ag
ricultural Society, as:to what is the cheapest and
most useful and durable materials for. fencing
at these Islands.-. And at each session of the So
ciety a committee has been appointed to investi
gate the subject. A very interesting report on
fences will be found in No. 1 of the Transactions.
-.' There can be no doubt that for extensive fencing)
such as is needed to enclose large tracts of pas
ture land, as well as smaller lots, some kind of
hedge will eventually be found cheapest and most
useful. Through the seeds of the Osage Orange
have but recently been introduced, and a few plants
only are now growing in Honolulu, yet all the in
formation wc can obtain in regard to the plant,
points to it as one suitable for these Islands. -If.
as the article on our first page states, one quart of
seeds wia suffice for planting one mile of hedge,
the expense of preparing the ground and keeping
the hedge in trim cannot be so." great as to prevent
its cultivation. ..
C75 .We are happy to welcome back nto this
moving breathing worId,oar worthy confrere, ''The
Argcs," under the editorial charge of A. Fornan
dcr, Esq. Although dated on ; Wednesday it did
not meet our eye till Saturday morning, after we
had gone to press. We believe the delay in issu
ing it was occasioned by a lack of printers, cir
cumstance in which we can sympathise with the
Argus to the fullest extent.
-;NAVAi..-The U. S. Frigate St. Lawrence,
CapL Pulaney, sailed hence for Ililo, Hawaii, on
Wednesday, the 14th insf ; We understand the
St. Lawrence will remain at the islands until re
lieved by some other Ship of the" ; Pacific Squad-
It seems we were misinformed in regard
to the selling of the schooner Kaluna, asannounc
ed in our last. ; Negotiations were on foot for her
purchase, but no transfer was made. ..'We are glad
so fiiie a vessel is 'still numbered iu our, coasting
Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society.
At a meeting of the Board of Managers of this
society, on the 10th of June, it was, "Resolved,
That the. Executive Committee be the committee
on premiums for the year 1853." ,
At a subsequent meeting, on the 2Sth of Sep
tember, lit waa .resolved, .That in consequence of I
the absence of 8. N. Castle, Esq., to the' United
States, Charles R.: Bishop. EsqV be elected to fil
the'vacancy thus occasioned. , Consequently, the
Executive. Committee is composed of. Messrs
Janmn. Hislioo. Snow. Newcomb and R.' W.
a 1 : - - . ... .
-Wood. . ., i ..; '; -,
...-On -the 11th inst. the Board of Managers was
again convened, to hear the report of tho Cora
mittee on Premiums, at the chambers of the Pre
siderit of the society, when,' after discission and
amendment, the following was adopted, and
measures taken to procure the premiums by the
1st Tuesday in June, to which time the society
stands adjourned. . , .
' Report of the Committee on Premiums
Sugars-100 lbs., 1st prize, Silver Cup.,
100 2d "
' Syrup. 5 galV 1st tt
Coffee. Clean, 50 lbs., "
Cultivation of Coffee. ,
Wheat Best bush., 1st "
Most acres sown, 2d "
; Corn.-Vheaviest bush., 1st"
Most acres planted "2d "
Oats. best sain'le, 1 bush, "
Barley. Best bushel, "
. Salt, Best sample, "
. Arrow Hoot, 20 lbs., "
'.. Cigars. 1000, t ( "
' Flowers. For greatest
and largest varieties 1st"
' Handsomest boquet, 2d "
Holder." -: '
Fruits. The greatest:
tand best varieties, '1st ' "
1 he best 5 lbs. of dried
figs, . .' ; 1 ' "
" " " grapes, "
" i ...- raisins, "
Cultivation of the Grape.'
Irish Potatoes, Best bush, "
Sweet " ...... "
. Taro. The largest and .
best 20 heads, "
Garden Vegetables. The
' greatest variety, 1st ; "
best collection, 2d "
Butter. 5 lbs., "
Cheese. A cheese,10 lbs. "
Leather. Tanned sole
" ."" goat skin "
Tobacco. Best 5 lbs. leaf "
A Treatise on the
An Eagle Plough
A Grain Cradle
G Grain Forks. -Medal.
Pair of Vases.
A Silver Cup.
G "Silver Tea
: Silver Medal.
A Treatise on the
3 Forks, 3 Hoes-
Steel Oo, Silver
Spade, Rake, Hoe
44 44 44
A Patent Churn.
Silver Cup. '
' . 44
. Mare r "
Bull-. ."- . :
.; Cow . M .
Ram and Ewe,.
best wool, " .
best fleece, white mix
ture, J :
Stallion. Native, rising
i: J years old, ' -r ".
'.' Mare " .-. " ..
.- .Gelding " '. ;"
Yearling. not over 2,
Bull. Native, over 3,
" over 2 & under 3,
44 44 1 2,
Boar. Imported or not,
Sow &. niora " '. .. :
Fowls. The best 6 in
cluding 2 cocks, ., , . "
Best Manaal on Agricul-;
- ture, in the native lan
guage, 50 pages, "
Best .sugar, cane seed, .
.: 1-4 lb., . ..; "
Native draught and plough
horses, best, pair, . M : A Certificate.
.Meritorious premiums for articles that may be
exhibited, though not named in the above list, will
be awarded by the judges, not exceeding twenty
. We recommend that the Corresponding Secre
tary be authorized to order at the expense of the
Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society, insectivor
ous birds, honey bec3,' cane seed, wheat seed, and
corn. - ' . '. .
Also, that the President be authorized to take
measures for the introduction of a Canadian horse
and mare, from the United States, to be used for
the benefit of this society and the islands gener
ally; and . we 6trongly. recommend that no prize
shall be awarded to any animal having taken a
prize at a previous show, nut that 6uch animal, if
the best, shall receive, a certificate of merit, and
the next best be entitled to the prize. . '
CHAS. R. BISHOP.
B. F. SXOW. 1 '
: W. NEWCOMB.; '
- : R. W. WOOD. .
Measures were also adopted to procure the cer
tificates of the society from a copper-plate, en
graved expressly for the purpose. Including the
certificate,, the amount required for the above prem
iums will be 400, independent of the- 100 offered
for. sugar cane seed. .
, In connection with the preceding report, we
would again call' the attention of the gentlemen
named to the following resolution of the society,
adopted at the annual meeting, in June last.
."On motion, voted, that the following gentle
men be'requsted to use their efforts to form local
societies?, auxiliary to this society, on their respect-!
ive islands, viz : . ' '
Oii the island -of Hawaii, T. Coan, L. Lyons,
E. Bond, A. Thraston, J. D. Paris, IlKinney
On Maci E. Whittlesey, J. s. Green, D. T.
Conde, D. Baldwin. On Molokai C. B. Andrews
On Oahv, W. H.Rice, U Smith, A. Bishop, J. s!
Emerson, B. W. Parker. On Kacai, G. B, Rowell,
J . W. Smith, E. P. Bond, E. Johnson." .-:.:
: We have heard that some of the above named
gentlemen have initiated measures for carrying the
above recommendation into execution, and hope
all will do so, ooth as a means of furthering the
laudable objects of the society, and for the eleva-
vation of the natives themselves in the scale of
civilization. It certainly needs no argument to
convince them of the importance of stimulating
the natives to a life of greater industry' and acti
vity, in .agricultural pursuits, in all its kindred
branches.' The islands need exports, of anv and
every kind, and many of these, the natives run
furnish to any extent, if they would work for it.
in growing vegetables, grains, coffee. and in
producing poultry, stock, arrow root, goat ekins
tStc' thev can immensely increase their present
productions for the general good, as well as for
their own, in particular. . But to, do this.tbey neea
instruction and urging forward by their friends.
They need the benefits of discussion. They want
the stimulus of concentrated effort and example;
and hew can these be better applied, than by or
eanizinsr societies, enlisting their interest, and
urgin them on in the important work ?
If such societies have a good influence upon
people in other countries, why may we not look for
the same good results here, among the natives i
We hold the doctrine that they are accessible to
the same influences, and susceptible of the same
improvement. Progress in this direction may be
slow, but the effort is worth making, and we hope
it will not be neglected by those named in the re
quest, ' "':
i . Horticulture.
We are much gratified to learn that John Mont
gomery, Esq., the Corresponding Secretary of the
R. II. Agricultural Society, has recently imported
from Australia, the following list of valuable plants
shrubs and seeds, all of which have been received
in apparently good condition. Fiom Mr. M's.
known taste in such matters, . we imagine they
have fallen into the very best hands for receiving
all that care and culture, which they will need, to
become acclimated in these islands. We most
heartily wish him every success in bringing these
exotics to perfection.
Hera is the list.
CO named varieties of grape vines, all alive.'
. Black guava.
White guava. ' , s
Norfolk Island pine.
Red cedar tree of Australia. i , ' ;
A large variety of herbaceous flowers and
G2 varieties of seeds of1 Australian flowering
shrubs and trees.
The above were imported by Mr. Montgomery,
on his own account. As Corresponding Secretary
of the society, he has been authorized to import,
on the society's account, insectivorous birds, the
honey bee, sugar cane seed, wheat seed and corn.
. Some of the good results of the society's orga
nization are thus begining to be seen, and a much
increased attention to agriculture, horticulture,
and floriculture, the raising of stock, &c, c, is
already manifest in the community, through the
influence of the society. We hope it will be vig
orously ' sustained, and that an attempt will be
made to enlist the natives in its advantages, to a
much greater degree than heretofore.
For the Polynesian,
Mr. Editor. Can vou or any one else inform
me whether a man can be justified or acouitted of
guilt, in shooting at, wounding or killing a thief on
his premises in the night, under any circumstances
For instance, a man's premises are entered
several nights in succession, and attempts at theft
evidently made, there being little or no possibility
of detecting the thief, otherwise than by the use of
a deadly weapon ; is the use of such weapons to
Tho question of our correspondent is one which
demands a careful answer. The ricrbu of property
are sacred, and the law defends them to the
utmost, as it doubtless fehould. ' But it also throws
its broadest shield around person and life, which
all will allow is of the prcatest imnorfjinro. A
mistake here, is fatal is irremediable. We arc
justified in saying that there are some circumstan
ces under which a man would be justified in kill
ing a thief on his premises, but they are very few.
For instance, if a thief was in the act of committing
burglary on a dwelling-house, in the night time,
the owner of the house would be justified iu rcpel-
mg force with force, even to the taking of the
burglar's life. Homicide necessarily done by any
one in defense of his dwelling-house, nainst un-
awful violence, is justifiable. But if a person
finding another on his premises, or lurking around
under suspicious circumstanccs,believes he intends
to thieve, and shoots him, before he has made any
forcible attempt, such as to call for his acting on
the defense, he cannot be justified. Mr. East says,
A man may repel force by'force in defense of
person, habitation or property, against one who
manifestly intends or endeavors, ly violence or
surprise, to commit a known felony, such as'mur-r
der, rape, robbery, arson, burglary, and the like,
upon either." And he continues, "But a bare
fear of any of these offenses, however well ground
ed, as tint another lies in wait to take away the
party's life, unaccompanied by any overt act, indi
cative of such an intention, will not warrant him
in killing that other, by way of prevention ; there
must be an actual danger at the time."
Again hesay6, "There seems to be a distinc
tion between such felonies as are attended with
force, or any extraordinary1 degree of attrocity,
which in their nature betoken such urgent neces
sity as will not allow of any delay, and others of a
different' sort, if no resistance be made by the sent in my mind one tract of land, with a mill and
1 Joint Stock Companies.
Ma. Editor. In your number if. the 2nd inst.,
you call the attention of the public to a project,
which has been spoken of for some time past,
amon" those who have the commercial interest of
the islands at heart. ' I mean the association of a
number of people to carry on '' operations, which
few amomj us have the capital to prosecute alone
At tnis time when the government seem dispos
ed to meet the suggestions of public well-wishers
half-way, it seems proper that every one should
furnish his counsel ; and much thanks is due to
you, for the earnest invitation which you give, to
take advantage of your columns.
A steady and certain trade is what we want.
The whaling fleet, which is now the largest, if not
the only support of the city of Honolulu and in
deed of the islands, supplies customers for a very
small portion of what the islands ocbht to pro
duce. Instead of being almost our only custom
ers, they should be the smallest portion of them
Instead of the business of our little community
being limited to a few weeks in the year, and then
nothing to be done for months, we are capable of
securing to ourselves tt permanent and prosper
This can only be done by producing something
lb sell and, when we have produced as much as
we possibly can, selling it at fair prices. High
prices have been the ruin of the commercial pros
perity, which appeared so certain a year or two
since, une weeK, tne oniy amae wnicn we nave
produced for exportation, potatoes, has been rot
ting on the beaches ; and so sure as a poor fellow
enticed by the report of low prices, conies from
abroad to buy up goes their price, so that he
buys only in hope of going in " on the top of the
market" with the certainty that if the market falls
he must lose money. This experiment, repeated
several times, has at last succeeded in driving
away our customers. J he high prices have in
duced them to try production for themselves. So
now they raise their own potatoes, and we, bavin
lttlc or nothing else to sell, nna ourselves wunoui
But if we so and produce any article which has
a commercial value, in sufficient quantities, and at
ow prices enough to make it an object for people
to come and buy, there will soon people enough
come, and when our market is the resort cf those
who wish to buy one thing, sugar or molasses
for instance, then a market is opened up for other
productions of our country, and the ready market
and fair profits of the sugar growers, encourages
others to try the producing of other articles which
may be easily raised. Those who may come to
buy sugar, will take part of their cargo in sugar,
part perhaps in coffee, part in fruits, either fresh or
dried, and part in the woods which may be used
in other countries for ornamental purposes.
It seems then fit that we should consider some
plan, by which every branch of agriculture may be
forwarded, so as to make our market a sure resort
A sugar plantation, to be successfully carried on,
requires a large capital. The idea of commenc
ing such an operation on nothing, is chimerical,
and as we have si-en, such a commencement leads
only to loss of time and money, and tends to make
an enterprize, which is in itself feasible, appear
desperate. Thus no good, and much injury is
done to the community. But as a usual thing, men
able to invest sixty or a hundred thousand dollars
in an operation, and wait a year or two for the re
turn, prefer to reside in some part of the world
where they may have the opportunity of deriving
pleasure irom those arts and indulgences, which
flourish best or are easiest obtained, in populous
and highly civilized communities. It follows then
that we cannot look for many millionaire immi
grants. What then ? We must resort to that plan
which has proved so successful before, in other
places, and by joint stock companies, make the
capital of an hundred individual men, do the work
of the large capital of one man. This is the
means of bringing out the dollars hoarded in the
stocking or put away in the corners of chests.
I have seen, and I have no doubt every one of
your readers has seen towns undertake, by a vote,
to raise a certain quantity of money to take stock
in a railroad corporation. People exclaimed there
is not so much money among us yet after a. few
months the whole sum subscribed. Aye, double
and treble was raised.. Whence came the money?
Mechanics who had but their dollar and a half per
day, pledged themselves for an hundred each, and
by paying it, ten dollars at a time, as the instal
ments were called for, found that they had paid
the hundred without any inconvenience, scarcely
denying themselves one comfort or luxury know
ingly. Laborers took stock and worked it out with
their own hands upon the road. Farmers bring
timber for "sleepers," and so on. Whilst women
even servant girls put their little savings into the
common fund. Most per ous would be astonished
to see how large an amount of rail-road and factory
stock in New England is owned by female factory
operatives, widows, children and laboring men.
Savings banks arc of little use to them other than
to keep their money until it amounts towin hundred
dollars, the usual price of such shares. By. these
means, the wliole capital of a community is made
active, and consequently productive.
Neither is the money so invested - absolutely
sunk in the ojeration. But the certificates of stock
pass current for money, on being assigned by the
simple endorsement of the holder or are pledged
as collateral security at their market value, with
out the necessity ot paying the expense of draw
ing, acknowledging and recording a mortgage
deed. . :
The result of an attempt to take up and carry
on a joint stock sugar plantation, would, I am per
suaded, be the same here ; money would come
from sources whence you could not expect, and
one would be followed by others. I have at pre-
Cattle. We notice that cattle are in denaj?
ignorance of any law, authorizing them to take in California, at high prices. Will it not pay
felon; and, therefore, a party would not be iustifi
ed in killing another, who was attempting to pick
his pocket.". In order to justify a homicide done
in the forcible defense of person or property, it is
requsite that the object and occasion should be
sufficient to justify the resort to force in defense,
and that the kind and degree of force used, should
be necessary, under the circumstances. if.
We have procured from an official source, the fol
lowing statistics, which will doubtless interest our
readers. - . "
Arrivals at the port of Honolulu, up to the 15th of
October, 1851, of the fall fleet, 31 vessels, with
23,885 bbls. whale, and 5,900 bbls. sperm, 243,100
lbs. bone. Aggregate mouths out, 619.
; Arrivals in. 1852, up to the same date, 28 Ameri
can, 1 French, 1 Bremen, total, 30 slups, with 43405
bbls. whale, 1,832 sperm, and 493,433 lbs. bone
Aggregate months out 643.
Increase of whale oil in 1852, 19,580 bbls.
" " bone . 250333 lbs.
Decrease of sperm, " f,: 4,060 bbls.
11 vessels . 1
The fact that, vessels arc late in coming in this fall,
s rather indicative of success than a w'ant of it. Wo
yet hope to sec our harbor well filled, as in 1850,
when nearly one hundred were congregated in this
port, at one time.
Of the oil and bone reported this year probably
three-fourths has been taken this season ; Bhowing
a handsome average to each vessel, as this season's
catch, of over 1000 bbls. w hale oil and nearly 12,000
0ur latest report from the north, published under
the Ililo shipping list, shows a still better report
from the ships yet to como in.
Removal. Dr. Geo. Al ..'j
his office from Nuuanu Street, to tne building ad
joining the Ship Chandlery of Thos. Spcncc .
some suitable buildings upon it, which the owner
will sell at a' moderate price, and take stock for
every cent of tho purchase money, and I have no
doubt but that several would be glad to do the
same. Mechanics would be glad to build and take
half cash, half stock, and it is far from improbable
that some heavy machinery firms in England or
the States would supply steam engines on similar,
or at least very favorable terms, if the enterprize
could be favorably spoken of, by those in whom
they had confidence. One successful effort would
raise others among us, and induce people seeking
for investment in those countries where money is
cheap, to invest with us.
I have heard sujrjrested that instead of makinz
a plantation, a joint stock mill company mijht be
started, with almost or quite a certainty of suc
cess. Several mills might be put up at different
sections of the country and those who have influ
ence with the native population, being interested
in these mills, could induce the natives to plant
cane, which they might bring to the mills and sell.
This, it was thought, would stimulate native indus
try, and be an efficacious mode of producing large
quantities of sugar. . The plan has certainly work
ed well in England, where there is a most extensive
association for manufacturing sugar from beets, in
successful operation on this principle.
l his subject, Air. Editor, is ot the greatest im
portance to us all. It cannot be doubted that a
liberal charter could be easily obtained by address
ing the powers that be, in a proper way. I hope
that others will avail themselves of your offer of
an opportunity to express their thought, and that
we may see encouragement to call for a public
meeting shortly, to take into consideration the
wavs and means.
Pardon me for taking so much of your room,
and believe me, Yours, very truly,
Nicaragua Transit Compant. Since the re-
iun oi cois. w nite ana cnnus irom tiUrope, a
meeting of the Directors was held in New York
to hear their report. The capital of the Nicarag
ua Canl is fixed at thirty millions of dollars, of
which English Capitalists have pledged themselves
to subscribe one-half, provided the other half is
subscribed by American capitalists.
Public Naisancea. "
: Honolulu, Sept 20th, 1852. -Mr.
Editor. Please accept the sincere acknow
ledgement of an humble citizen of the town of
Honolulu, for the attention you have bestowed
upon, and the efforts yoa have worthily, if not
successfully made, to have abated that most
offensive and disgusting of all nuisances, and
which has been, and is now being, inflicted upon
our citizens generally, by the multitudes of swine
of all breeds, colors, and compounds, that are daily,
and nightly swarming through our streets, alleys,
and indeed every portion of the town where they
can possibly nose their way. It would seem that
common decency, if not common conscience ought
long since to have impelled the proper au
thorities to a performance of their obvious duty,
would have gone energetically and resolutely to
work to risht the wrong, and relieve the town of
an annoyance, so abominable and indecent, without
a general outcry and demand of the execution of
a duty so unquestionable. . But it appears from
your remarks, in several of your issues immediate
ly preceding and including the last, that authori
ties have pleaded, in justification of their inaction;
measures for the expelling from the town these
pestiferous animals. With your permission, Mr.
Editor, and that so ridiculous a plea may be no
longer pleaded, I will tender them my humble
assistance in their legal researches, by respectful
ly refering them in the first place to the 3rd Act
of Kamchameha III, chap. 1st sec. 4, entitled "an
act to organize the judiciary department of the
Hawaiian Islands." In said act, after having
previously recited the general powers of Courts,
judges at chambers &c, will be found the fol
lowing sentence, "The reasonings and analogies
of the Common law and of the civil law may in
like manner be cited and adopted by any such
court (and it refers to courts not of record, as well
as courts of record) so far as they are deemed to
be founded on justice and not in conflict with the
laws and usages of this kingdom." You perceive
from this clause of our laws, that where there is a
wrong, and no salutary provision of a remedy, the
"reasonings, and analogies of the common law"
are adopted to supply the defficiency. So if, as
the authorities say, there is no statutory provision
authorizing them to act, and as under these cir
cumstances, we are necessarily, and by satutory
authority, thrown back upon the "common law" of
England for our guidance, it will not be improper
nor irrelevant in this connection, and I hope will
not be deemed an impertinent interference on my
part, to make reference to the commentareis of Mr.
Justice Blackstone. who is, I believe, considered
both in England and the United States, the best
commentator on the "common law" that has yet
written upon the subject. In the 4th book of his
Commentaries, and on the 168th page he gives
a portion of the law in regard to nuisances as fol
lows, "AIL those kinds of nuisances, (such as offen
sive trades and manufactures) which, when injur
ious to a private man are actionable, are, when
detrimental to the public, punishable by public
prosecution, and subject to fine according to the
quantity of the misdemeanor, and particularly.
the keeping of hogs in any city or market town is
indictable as a public nuisance." If this is not sat
isfactory, and plain enough, I fear Mr. Editor, it
will be difficult to persuade them, they have any
law to govern them save their own conscience.
CJ It won't do. The swine are privileged.
Neither the Hawaiian Statutes or Blackstone can
touch 'em. So we must make up our minds to ad- j
init them to citizenship, with a good many more
rights than are enjoyed by humans. Ed. .
For San Francisco. The clipper bark
ton," wnich is hourly looked for Irom Kauai, .
probably sail by Tuesday the 19th Oct taking t
U.S. Mail. . f;
For Lahai.xa. 3 p. m. this day per schrMstii5'
For Kawaihae. 3 p. m. this day per Lorcln
For Tahiti. 3 p. m. on Tuesday, 19th. ?
The U. S. mail from San Francisco may be la
ed for about Wednesday the 20th, inst perclip
bark " Helen Major,"bringing New York datei v
Sept 5. The " Helen Major n was to sail for tjj
port on the Cth October. ? ' i
. 1 i
Quarantine on Vessels im Danish Port.
A despatch, datetl, CopenlLagen, 2$& May last,!
ceived at the Consulate of Ilil Majesty the King J
Denmark, notifies the cessation of Quarantine t
vessels 'arriving at Danish. .Pods, for persons
goods in cases of Asiatic Cholera and Yellow FerT
Persons interested may see the original Decree
His Majesty Frederick 17., with Mb. "SVtllii, ;
by Royal permission performs the duties of the Dt j
ish Consul until his return." "'
graziers to send to that market, cattle, sheep
swine ? Who knows ?
Gold is Demarara. A Demarara correspoat
ent ot the JNew l ork Herald, nnder a recent dai
alludes to the recent gold discoveries on that
land as follows :
"The gold discovery is turning out an all absorb
ing affair. The Whapola river and its tributaries
io tha oonoa tr riirtk a-waaT mwa T
in appearance. It is found in large quantities, aoq
its quality is equal to the best found in Alnca.
"I should rather think them omnibc
wheels would be' fatigued after . running
day," observed John. " Well, yes, repliej
1 ommy, taking a squint, "they do appear t:
The Sandwich Islands.
It seems, from the American papers lately re
ceived, that the little independant kingdom of Hawaii
net is a subject of interest in Washington, and has
even been brought to notice of the Senate, by Mr.
Seward, of New York
We have been looking for the introduction of a
bill to Congress, meeting us half way in our desire
for a reciprocal trade in certain staples of both coun
tries. But now, instead, we find the proposition
made to " negotiate for our acquisition by the United
States." This certainly, is more than we have as
yet bargained for, and very much more, we presume,
than His Hawaiian Majesty would be willing to
grant, on any consideration whatever, so long as in
the exercise of his sovereign rights, he is undisturbed
by any foreign power. Under such circumstances,
the only resource, under the law of nations, left to
a weak prince, is to seek the protection of some
pow erful state. We hope such an emergency will
never arise. . . -
. But here is the account of what has transpired on
the sulyeet, in the Senate of the United States.
On the 5th of Aug., Mr. Seward called upon the
President to state whether any proposition has been
made by the King of the Sandwich Islands to us, to
place the sovereignty of those Islands under the pro
tection of the United States, and all information in
the possession of the' Departments on the subject
In Senate, on Tuesday, a message was received
from the I'resident, declining, for weighty reasons,
to comply with the call of that body for information
upon the Sandwich Islands Annexation question.
Mr. Seward offered a resolution in course of the
session, proposing to send a Commissioner to those
islands to institute a negotiation for their acquisition
by the United States. The resolution lies over.
On this point, we find the following comment,
from the National Intelligencer, t
It will be seen bv our Congressional proceedings
that the President declines answering the inquiry of
the Senate, whether the King of the Sandwich
Islands had offered to transfer them to the United
We do not profess to have any knowledge on
on this subject but what is common to all. Kumor,
however, says that when the French threatened a
war upon the islands, because the King refused to
receive French brandy at five per cent duty, thb
Kixo offered to transfer the whole sove
reignty OF THE ISLANDS TO THE UxiTED STATES ;
which would, as a consequence, have transferred a
threatened war with them. H any such offer were
made, it must have been of the most confidential
character, and was doubtless so communicated to
our government. The disclosure of the fact might
even now involve its authors in utter ruin, and there
by subvert the government of the islands, which has
been friendly to the United States. No one can sup
pose that our government could be guilty of such
perfidy, any more than that it could be guuty ot tne
tolly of attempting to acquire the possession of those
. , t A . .v.. ...
lsianus unaer circumstances mat luuai. msjuauij
have involved us in a war with France.
While acting a disinterested part, this government
has doubtless been enabled, by its remonstrance, to
prevent the threatened war upon the islands, and
thus preserve their independence, instead ot invorv
ing them and itself in a common war by its cupidity,
the result of which no one could anticipate.
The independence of these islands is all-important
to the United States, and we could sever consent
THAT THET SHOULD CO WTO THE HAXDS 07 AST O?
THE GREAT JtARIXTIMB POWERS OF ECROPE. While
they remain independent, we have all the benefits
from them that we could derive were they annexed
to the United States, without the trouble and ex
Dense of eovernine and protecting them; Our gov.
eminent is not well fitted for colonization. We have
no surplus population to spare, and the inhabitants
of those islands are nor yet sufficiently civilized to
form a part of our Kepublic, or sufficiently enlight
ened to maintain a free irovernment They could
only be governed by a. standing army in peace, and
wouia oe we nrsi prey tor an enemy in ume oi war.
In Park Hill. Cherokee .Nation Jud 22, Mr. TVm
Goodale, late resident al the Hawanin Island, to Mm EU-
K. Whiiroore, Principal of tbe t'heroke Female Semiurt
botb of Marlboro', Dim. i
DIED. - f
In this city, on the 10th inst. George W. Punch ard. aced?
years, formerly of t'alem, Maaa., but (of the past kl yean i
rceiucnt at i lie isianu.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Oct. 9 Am ship Wellington, Meybew.in ballast, 40 day,
10 Am wh s b North America, Mason, fm Arrlif, 15 axj
10OO bbls wh 12,01)0 lbs bone. I
11 Am wh h 1'irero, Churchill, fm Ocbotek, 36 mbe.cl
bbU wh.5000 bone.
11 Am h h North J'lar, Brown, fm Arctic, 16 aaoe.tt
Lbta wh, 14,000 bone.
12 Am wh .h Warren. Smith, oi Tisbun, from Arctic J
1000 wh 1-1,000 hone. ' i
13 Am wh h Gideon How land, Jernegan, from Arctic. S
in os. 3100 wh, 40,000 bone. f
13 Bremen wh ib Hansen, Husing, from Arctic, 23
ISM bbls sp 13,000 boo a.
14 Am wh ah Abram Barker, Norton, fm, Arctic, 25 na
- 2500 bbls 19,000 bone. t
Pout !cairr 3nt 6 A.M. The following vessels aimed!?
evening. T wind N Estill continues sirong.
15. Am wb bip Nile. Cnnalin, 9c0 lbi tbis season.
- " PuCBhonia, bias, Irom Koriiak, 1,200 i.
15.000 bonr, this season.
The Am. wh. sb I'ncas a bo came to anchor in the eveui
but we have not her report. ...
Oct. 9 Am bk Mary Waterman, Hedges, for Iloog Konfr.
Am wn an Mecbanic, Cory, cruw.
13 Am wh sb Roanoke, Hand, cruise and borne..
13 C. 8. Frigate, tHilaney, for Hilo.
Vessels in Port.
Am bk Blark Earte, Lndlow.
Am bk Mary Frazier, Haggerty.'
Am sh Hibernia, Baker. '
Am sh Mary and Susan, Brown. "
Am bk Concordia, French.
Haw. brig Juno, or in.
Haw. brig Magdalene, Long.
A;n sh Hunter Holt.
Am sh Enterprize, Swain.
Fr sh N'iI, Xeve.
Am sb Zone, Parker.
Am sh South America. Walker.
Am bark Bayard, Graham. '-
Am sh Franklyn, Lamb.
Am sh Mortexumi, Tower.
Am sh Wm. Thompson, Jernegan.
A-n wh sh North America, Moeon. .
Am wh sh Cicero, Churchill.
Am wh sh North Star, Brown.
Am wh sh Warren. Smith. "' :'.
Am wh sh Gideon Howland, Jernegtur.
Bre wh sb Hansea, Unpin p.
Am wh sh Abram Barker, Norton.
Am ship Pocahontas, Dias.
Am sh Nile, Conklin.
Am sh I'ncas, James.
Am sh Fame! Hotie, Rowland.
Am sh Wellington, Mryhew.
Am sh Valparaiso, Smith,
Am bark Isabella, Wood.
Am clipper bark Messenger Bird, Doane. '
Am sb Alexander, Bush.
Am brig Noble, Robertson.
Hamburg bris Lina, Denkar. '
Haw bsu Catherine, Benedict.
Haw Kh William, Parke.
failed from Callao, July 17, G.-o. Howland. New BedfnK
AaaivaL or a Whalkb. The bark Russell. Cairt. Cnote.fr
rived at this port yesterdar afternoon, loaded with dOOU bar?
whale oil. The Russell is owned by Moore and Foiger,
was manned, titled and equipped from t'an Francisco.
sailed hence seven months since, and has thn surrewfc f
concluded a short and prosperous voyage. S. F. Herald, SP
The statement in the above paragraph that the Rnsseil
manned, fitted and equipped at San Francisco is partial);
correct, r ir Dotn on cruises uie Dark Kuseell, Mourn rj
ed at tho above port, was fitted np and shipped three-fourth-!
ber mea in Honolulu, at probably half the expense itfH
have boon done for in San Francisco. The same is A
the wh bk Walter Claxton, owned at 9. T.
Editors Aha California Gents: Last evening one of oar?
lot boats spoke the whale shin Jium Ijih., and fni fr
Captain obtained the following innmnation : Ship James H
irrt, i nun .-. , . rnasi. l Dlibt whale ml this season. II r1
out, Capt. Whippy. Mary Sc. Susan, of Stooineton, 80" bH
wnaie oil tnis season. Pocahontas, of Tisbnrv. 1000 sbHW
season. W m. C. Nye of New Bedford, 200 bbls tbis seasot-j
Hero, of Nantucket, 500 bbls this season. Walter CIax'e.j
San Francisco; ship James Loper supplied with wbaie lisul
i " - urn nor enter trie port nut B as gone oa
Bbitish SHlr-or-V.Th Rritioh hliutwir TV
Capt. Rnper, arrived in San Francisco, Sept 17th. live W
iuu ancouvers island. Kite has 38 guns and 340 men.
, PORT OF LAHALVA.
Arrived. ... -
Oct. 7. Am sh Abraham Barker, Norton 25 mo. 1450 wlrlS,
8. Am sh Omega, fisher, 24 mos, 300 wh, Arctic.
9. Am bk North America, Mason, 15 mos, 100
12.000 bone. Arctic
9. Am bk George, Stevens, 12 mos. 950 wh, 13,000 bow.
12. Am sb Anson, Ferry, 14 ds fm San Francisco.
Oct 13. Am. wh sh. Euphrates, Peakes, cruise.
13. Abram Barker, Norton, HonoraTu.
9. " North America, Mason, Honolulu.
13. Am ship Anson, Perry, Hong Kong. - I
PORT OF HILO.
Oct. 8 Am wh sh Ontario, Brown, 2090 bbU Wh, (150 V.
this season) 20,000 bone. f
9 Am wh sh, Mary Ann, Dallman, 23 mos. 200bWfj
L0 wh 88,000 bone
REPORT of vessels spoken by the Ontario Capt. Brow.
July 4 Marc Ms,
10 Navigator, '
" 12 Uoogly,
" 31 Tuscan. .
" 2 William
" 8 Julian-
" 8 Nassau
" 15 Herald,
" " lvant
Aug 13 Gratitude
- 3 wh.
Sent 2 Edward
" "Splendid w,
- Washington.S.H-'1 ,
" 5 Geo Washington .
" Washington ,
7 Martha .
i tt u-illiam i'
" u s Good Return
" South Boston 2,J
" " Awashoaks . J
tt IS AlhinnM V
REPORT rf vessels spoken by ship Mary Ana, Dalla
It..-L T,wt A Reins . L
Liverpool 2d J'