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THE! POLYNESIAN, ' SATU KDAY,lDECEMBERt 113852.
An. Act Relating to the Judiciary -Depart-
- --. , ': -. nient. ... "-.-.V? - V "
be 1T exacted by the Kinsr, the Premier and
; Robles, resident near His Majesty:
Section 1. The Supreme Court, from and after
the first Monday of December, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two,
"shall consist of a Chief Justice and two Associate
Justices, any of whom may hold the Court." The
Justices of the Supreme Court shall hold their
offices daiing good behavior, subject to removal
-on impeachment; and shall receive for their ser-
n nmnpnsntinn. which shall not be diminish
ed during their continuance in office. ;
Section 2. Said Supreme Court shall have ju
risdiction in all cases in law or equity, in all cases
affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and
consuls," and in all admiralty and maritime cases,
whether the same be brought before it by original
' writ, by appeal or otherwise. It shall also have an
the powers, and exercise all the jurUdiction be-lon-rin
to either the Supreme or Superior Court,
" as at present constituted, in all cases, legal or
equitable, civil or criminal.
' Section "3. All cases, matters or controversies,
of whatever nature, which may be pending in the
Superior Court, or the bdpreme court, as at pre-
sent constituted, on the first Monday of December,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and fifty-two, shall be immediately transferred
to the Supreme Court, provided for in thia Act,
and be therein determined.
Section 4. The Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court shall be the Chancellor of the Kingdom,
and shall have cower at Chambers to decree the
foreclosure of morteaires. to errant divorces, to is
' sue process in, and to hear and determine all pro-
- -rwl oil in hanlrrnntcv. urimi
lil I T T IIIILLLria. II 1 1 II Uli I II
ralty or equity, subject however, to an appeal to
; the full Court. Moreover, the Chief Justice and
two Associate Justices of the Supreme Court shal
raenectivelv have all the powers at Chambers con
ferred bv d resent laws upon the Chief Janice and
... Associate Justices of the Superior Court.
; . Section 5. -The Supreme Court shall have the
general superintendence of all courts of inferior
umarfiction. to nrevent ana correct errors ana
' abuses therein, where no other remedy is express
Ir provided bv law. 1
" Section C. Said Court, or the Chief Justice
thereof at Chambers, shall have the power to issue
writs of error, certiorari, mandamus, prohibition
and quo warranto, and all other writs and pro
cesses, to courts of inferior jurisdiction, to corpo
. rations and individuals, that shall be necessary to
the furtherance of justice, and the regular execu
tion rif tha laws. - .
Section 7. Said Court shall have power to make
and award all such judgments, decrees, orders
1 and injunctions, to issue all such executions and
other writs and processes, and to do all such other
acts, a3 may be necessary or proper to carry mio
full effect all the powers, which are or niav.be
irivpn to it bv the Constitution and laws- of the
'.. Section 8. It shall have power from time to
time, .to mike rules for regulating . the practice
jin.l rnndiirtinar thp business of the Court, in all
cases not expressly provided by law ; and there-
after to revise said rules, as otten as n may oe
found wise and necessary ,to simplify said practice
l 1 - L .- . nA.,nt,Aia ihiit matr
nil rpmpntf unv it im.ir.i uf 1 1 1 1 m i ii:i,liuuj uijh. uu t
be found to exist therein.
Section 9. When any question of law shal
arise in any trial or other proceeding, either of a
civil or criminal nature, at law or in equity, before
the said Court, when held by one Justice, he may
reserve the same for the consideration of the full
Court, and shall report the case, or so much there
of as may be necessary for a full understanding
- of the question, to his associates. .
Section 10. Any case may be reserved in like
manner, upon the motion of either party, for a new
trial, on account of any opinion, direction or order
i j i t -1 : z si. At i . -
Ul UlC USllC lift uiaikvi l. . .
Section 11. If any party shall think himself ag
grieved by any such opinion, direction or order of
the Court, ana we justice snau not tnin& nt to re
serve the case upon his motion, the party may ai
led e exceptions to such opinion, direction or
order, and the same being reduced to writing in a
summary mode,' and presented to tne J ustice, De-
fore the hnal adjournment or tne court Tor tne
term, and being found conformable to truth, shall
be allowtd and signed by the Justice.
Section 12. Upon the allowance of such excep
tions the questions arising thereon snail be con
sidered by the full Court. If, however, the excep
tions shall appear to the Justice, before whom the
trial is held, to be invoious, immaterial, or intend
ed for delay, the judgment shall be entered, and
execution awarded or stayed, on such terms as
the Court shall deem reasonable, notwithstanding
the allowance of the exceptions,
Section 13. When upon the hearing of a case,
brought before the Court upon exceptions alleged
as before provided, it shall appear that the excep
tions are frivolous or immaterial, or were intended
for delay, the Court may award against the party
takin" the exceptions, double costs from the time
when the same were alleged, and also interest
from the same time, at the rate of twenty per
cent, per annum, on the sum, if any, found due for
debt or damages; or may awara any part oi sucn
additional costs and interest which they may deem
Section 14. When judgment shall have been ren
dered in any case,in which exceptions have been al
lowed, the judgment may be vacated by full Court,
without any writ of error, in like manner, as if it
had been entered by mistake, and order such fur
ther proceedings in the case as to law and justice
Section 15. No trial by jury shall be prevented
or delayed by the filing or allowance of such ex
ceptions but the verdict shall be received, and
such further proceedings shall be held in the case
as the Court may order, in pursuance -of the fore
Section 16. There shall be four several terms of
tb.3 Sapreme Court held in each year, commencing
as follows, viz : oa the first Mondays of January,
April, July and October ; which 6aid terms shall
respectively be called the January, April, July and
October terms of the said Court. The Court may,
however, hold special terms at other times, when
ever it shall deem it essential to the promotion of
Section 17. The four regular terms shall be
held at the Court House in the city of Honolulu.
Provided always, that the King may, in case he
khill deem it requisite, by reason of war, pestilence
or other public calamity, or the danger thereof,
order the same to be held at a different place, and
it shall be so hold, until the order is revoked or a
new place appointed. The several terms may be
continued and held for the period of four weeks
from the commencement thereof.
Section 18. When neither of the Justices of the
Court is present at the time and place for holding;
a Court, it shall be the duty of the Clerk of said
Court to adjourn the same from day to day, until
one of the Justices shall attend, or until an order
in writing shall be received from one of, them re
specting such adjournment.
Section 10. In case of the absence or sickness
of the Chief Justice, or of a vacancy in that office,
all the duties thereof, both at Chambers and in
banco, shall be performed, during such absence,
sickness or vacancy, by the Senior Justice, or
such other Justice as the King may appoint for the
time. . - -
-: Section 20. The Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court shall receive an annual salary of five thou
sand dollars, and each of the Associate Justices
shall . receive an. annual salary of two thousand
dollars, and the said salaries shall. be paid in
monthly payments, out - of . the : Treasury of the
Kingdom; " ' : : V " ' . '-. ' ;
OF THI CLERK OT THE SUPREME COCT."
Section 21." "The Clerk of the Supreme Court
hall be appointed by the Justices thereof, and
hold his office during their pleasure. He shall
have charge of the seals of the Court, which shall
be impressed on all process of said Court. He
shall have power to issue process in all suits and
rht before the Supreme Court, or be
fore tha Chief Justice or any Associate Justice
- . . . ,
to administer oaths, to toke" the' deposition of wit
nesses, to assess damages ttpon notes, bonds, bills
of exchange, orders, ana otner nquiaatea oonga
tions in all cases in which default shall have been
made and all other powers and duties in relation
to the drawing ot jurors, ana in an ouier roarers,
which pertain to the office , of the Clerk of. the
Snoerior Court, and are necessary to the proper
transaction of the business of the Supreme Court.
Rnrtinn 22. He shall be sworn to the laithtu
discharge of all the duties of his office, by one of
the Justices of the Supreme iourc, anu oeiore
entering on the performance of-such duties, shall
give a bond to tie Minister of Finance, to be ap
proved by the Chief Justice, in the sum of one
thousand dollars, with one or more sufficient sure
ties, conditioned for the raiumil discharge of a
hifl official duties. - - :.'"...",r.. ' . .. - .
Section 23. He shall attend and record the pro
ceedings of the Court, and have the care and cus
tody of all the records, books and papers, apper
taining to his office, and filed or deposited therein,
Section '24. In equity,' admirality or maritime
cases, and in a I matters heard before any Justice
at Chambers, the Clerk shall record at length such
Eart only of the proceedings as shall be directed
v the Court, either by ceneral rules or bv a spe
cial order of one of the Justices in any particular
case.-' ? . ' - - . - -
Section 25. He shall keep id eVerV book of
records an alphabetical list of all the names or
the parties to any suit or judgment therein re
corded, with a rclerence to the page where it is
recorded ; and when there are several persons,
either plaintiffs or defendants, the name of every
person, with a like reference, shall be inserted in
its appropriate place in said list
Section 26. The Justices of the Court shall in
spect the doings of the Clerk, from; time to time,
and see that the records are made up seasonably;
and kept in good order ; and if the records are left
incomplete for more than twelve months at any
one time, such neglect, unless caused by sickness
or other good reason, shall be adjudged a forfeit
ure ot tne Clerk s bond.
Section 27. The Clerk shall exhibit the records
of his office at every January terra to the Justices.
and at such other times as the same may be re
quired by any Justice, so that the Court may have
notice of any errors or defects in the keeping of
the records, and may cause the same to be cor
rected. . ;
Section 28. I n case of the death of the Clerk or
his absence from any Court which he is re
quired to attend, the Court shall appoint a Clerk
pro tempore, to act as Clerk ot the Court, unti
the standing Clerk shall resume the discharge of
his duties, or until another shall be appointed by
Section 29. Such temporary Clerk shall be
sworn td the fnthful discharge of his duties ; and
he shall receive for his services such compensa
tion as tne court snail tninK proper, to be paid
either from the appropriation for the standing
Clerk or from the public treasury, as the Court
Section 30. All Clerks of Courts shall keep ex
act accounts of all costs and fees received by
them in their respective othces; and they thai
render quarterly accounts of the same to the
Minister of Finance.
Section 31. The Clerk of the Supreme Court
snail receive an annual salary ot fifteen hundred
dollars, which shall be paid in monthly payments
out ot tue i reasury ot the Kingdom.
Or TUE CIRCUIT COURTS.
Section 32. The Kingdom shall continue to be
divided into four judicial districts or circuits, as at
present constituted, that is to say :
lhe first distr ct shall consist of the island of
Oahu, whose seat of justice of shall be at Hono
The second district shall consist of the islands
of Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Kahoolawe, whose
scat of justice shall be at Lahaina on the island of
The third district shall consist of the island of
Hawaii, whose seat of justice shall be at Hiln ;
The fourth district shall consist of the islands of
Kauai and Niihau, whose seat of justice shall be
at INawiiiwiiL, on the island ot Kauai.
Section 33. The terms of the Circuit Courts
shall be held at the times and places at present
appointed by law; and the proceedings therein
shall continue to be those already prescribed.
Section J4. lhe several circuit Courts shal
continue to have all the powers and exercise the
jurisdiction which belong to the Circuit Courts at
the present time, together with all additions or
limitations that may be created or imposed by
tne constitution ana laws oi tne Kingdom.
Section 35. The Circuit Judges shall have
power in their respective districts to try all ap
peals made to them by any party from the deci
sion of any district or police justice within their
jurisdiction ; and shall possess all the powers and
exercise all the jurisdiction that now belong to the
ocal circuit judges at chambers or in banco.
Section 3b. It shall be the duty of one of the
J ustices ot the Supreme Court to attend and pre
side over each term of the Circuit Courts ; and the
expenses of any Justice of the Supreme Court, in
attending, holding and returning from any such
Courts, 6hall be paid ir m the annual appropria
tion for the expenses of said Courts.
Section 37. If one of the Justices of the Supreme
Court shall fail to attend any Circuit Court at the
time at which it is appointed to be held, the Sheriff
or some circuit Judge shall open the Court and
adjourn the same, from day to day, and if the said
Justice shall not attend before ten o'clock of the
third day, such Circuit Judge or Sheriff shall ad
journ the Court without day.
Section 66. All persons bound to appear at any
Circuit court, which shall have tailed, as mention
ed in the last section, shall be bound to appear at
tue next term oi saia vouru
Section 39. The Clerks of the several Circuit
Courts shall be appointed bv the Jnstices of the
t? 1 J I u .ir fl5 1 . 1
ouurcuie vuun, aim uuiu uieir uiuces uunne tneir
pleasure. They shall severally have the charge of
the seals of their respective Courts, and shall
have power to issue all writs and processes re
quired by the practice of their respective Courts.
Section 40. lhe said Clerks shall attend all the
said Courts held in their respective Circuits, and re
cord their proceedings, and shall have the care and
custody of all records, boo kj and papers, appertaining
to their respective offices, and tiled and deposited
Section 41. The Clerks of the several Circuit
Courts shall each be sworn tc the faithful discharge
of their duties, and give a bond to the Minister of
Finance, to be approved by the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, in the sum of fire hundred dollars,
with one or more sufficient sureties, conditioned for
the faithful discharge of his official duties. " - -
Section 42. Each Circuit Court Clerk shall keep
an exact account of all fees and costs received bv
him, and shall quarterly render a faithful account of
the same to the Minister of Finance.
Section 43. In keeping their records, they shall be
governed by the rules prescribed in this Act for the
Clerk of the Supreme Court.
Section 44. lhe present Clerks of the Circuit
Courts shall continue in office until others are ap
pointed in their stead. '
Section io. The seals of the several Circuit Courts
shall be those already devised and now in use by;
Section 46. Each Circuit Judro. wWn there 5
only one in a Circuit shall receive an annual salary
of fifteen hundred dollars, and shall make a regular
lomr oi nis Circuit at least twice every year for the
trial of appeal at Chambers : and ah n;...;
Judge, when there is more than one in the Circuit
for which he is appointed, shall receive an annual
alary of eight hundred dollars ; which salaries shall
be paid by monthly payments out of the Treasury of
the Kiugdom. . "
.- OF THE POLICE A WD DISTRICT iTSTICES COURTS.
Section 47. " The Police and District JnhVp'
Court shall continue as at present constituted, and
shall have all the powers they now possess, and be
subject to all tha duties and obligations now res tin"
upon them, with all additions and limitations im
posed by the Constitution, : -.-.. .
' - 'i'j r . .. w APPEALS. " - - if
' Section 48. All appeals from any decision of the
Board of -Commissioners to Quiet Land Titles, and
11 appeals from any Circuit, Police r pistrict
Justices Court that may now he taken to .either
the . Sapreme at Superior Court
laws, shall hereafter lie and be taken to the
rules prescribed, therefor, in tne present eiaiuies.
Provided always, that no appeal snau oa taken irom
aay Circuit Court to the Supreme Court, unless on
questions of law. ' . y : ; '
.Section 49. In all cases of appeal from any deci
sion of the , Board of Commissioners to quiet land
titles, on any question of fact, the parties shall be
entitled to have the same tried by a jury, chosen as
in other eases tried before the Court ; provided al
ways, that whenever a jury shall fail to agree on a
verdict on any such appeal on the first trial, the de
cision of . the Board of Commissioners shall be
confirmed "unless the Court shall be unanimous
ly . of the opinion that a. new trial should be
granted, i When a new. trial shall be granted and a
verdict is not agreed upon by the second jury, there
shall be no further trial, and the decision of the
Board of Commissioners shall stand confirmed.
Section 50. In the trial of any appeal from the;
Board of Commissioners to quiet land titles, all the
evidence taken before said Board shall bo read to the
Court and jury, and either party may submit such
additional evidence to the Court and jury as may be
legal and proper. .
OF THE TRIAL BT I PET.
Section 51. All the provisions of existing Statutes
in reference to jurors and the trial by jury shall con
tinue in force and be applicable to the Supieme and
Circuit Courts provided for in this Act, not only as
to the selection and drawing of Jurors, but in every
other respect. , .
t OtXERAL PROVISIONS.
"' Section 52. - The Minister of Finance U hereby
authorized to pay all salaries and expenses provided
for in this Act, out of the Treasury of the Kingdom,
and the same are hereby appropriated. The appro
priations now made for the salaries of the Justices
and Clerk of the Superior Court shall cease from the
day of the appointment of the Justices and Clerk of
the Supreme Court, provided for in this Act, but the
appropriations for the present Judges of the Supreme
Court, namely one hundred dollars each, shall con
tinue and be paid until the expiration of their year.
. Section 53. All the balance of appropriation for
expenses of the Superior Court shall be drawn for by
the Clerk of the Supreme Court and appropriated to
the expenses of the Supreme Court provided for in
this Act ; and all appropriations for the expenses of
the Circuit Court, lor the first judicial district, and
stationery, shall be drawn by the Clerk of the Su
preme Court and be by him disbursed.
Section 54. This Act shall take effect from and
after the first Monday of December, eighteen hun
dred and fifty-two, and continue in force until ap
proved or annulled by the Legislature.
Done at the Palace, thia third day of December,
A. D. 1S52.
To amend an act entitled " an Act to amend
the law relative to passports, passed on
the 21th June, 1852.
Be it Exacteo, by the King the Premier and
Chiefs resident near His Maieslv :
That the following be added to the 3d section of
the said act, viz;
Provided ahvays, that in all cases in which any
Collector of Customs shall have refused and with
held a passport from any person on the ground of
an alleged indebtedness to, or implication in any
pendin? suit with, any private person or persons,
it shall be lawful for such Col ector of customs,
upon the filing with him or his deputy of a suffi
cient bond with sureties in a sufficient amount at
his discretion, by the party from whom such pass
port shall be withheld, conditioned to abide the re
suit of any suit or trial, and to pay the amount of
any judgments rendered against him at suit of the
party or parties at whose instance such passport
shall have been withheld, to issue such passport to
such party requinnr the same.
This act shall take effect on the day of its pas
Done and passed at the Palace in Honolulu, this
third day of December, A. D. 1852.
- SATURDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1852.
Wealth of the ocean.' .
We take great pleasure in" calling the especial
attention of our readers to the 'very full report of
the whaling fleet that has visited these islands the
present season, which has been compiled with
great care and much labor by Mr. Whitney, from
official aid other sources . of information to which
he has had access. We give up our first page to
these tables, as a .matter of record, as well as of
special immediate interest to . our ' readers at
home and abroad. ' From the whaling fleet, a large
proportion of the business of the islands is derived,
and the money set in circulation by it, in dis
charging and shipping men, repairing and recruit
ing, forms the basis of the business prosperity of
the whole group. ....
From the tables referred to, owners at home
will also learn the whereabouts of their ships, the
success which has attended them, and when and
where they have sailed, or expect to sail on leav
ing our ports. In fact, these reports are so full,
that we have nothing to add to render them com
plete, except to remark, that since they were pub
lished in a circular form for the mail, the ship
Abraham H. Howland, which was then at anchor
outside, has gone ashore, and is a complete wreck.
She had on board 55 bbls spin, oil, 1,G00 whale,
but had shipped her bone,' amounting to !5,000
lbsi She was 15 months out.
It will be seen by reference to the " List," that
200 ships have visited the port of Honolulu, 101,
the port of Lahaina, and 38 the port of Hilo 339
at all the ports ; but as many of these ships touch
ed at all three of the ports, we find that but 275
different ships have touched at the islands this
fall. Estimating these ships, with their outfits at
$40,000 each, we find the value
of this fleet to be $11,000,000.00
543,280 galls, spm. oil, at 80 eta is 434,624.00
13,279,897 d i. wh. oil, at 50 eta. is 6,649,948.50
5,357,737 bis. bone, at 25 eta. is 1,339,444.35
Amendment to the Appropriation Bill.
Whereas, by the Appropriation Bill approved on
the fifteenth day of July, A. D. 1852, it is pro
vided that the Minister of finance shall not al
low or cause to be paid out of the Treasury any
monies tor any other objects or in any greate
amounts than are provided in said act, until afte
the passage of a new bill of appropriations, and
whereas a contingency has happened in the de
struction ot a government omce and may again
. happen before the next regular meeting of the
Legislature, rendering it necessary that the se
veral departments of the government should ex
pend money not now appropriated to carry on the
government and tulhl its obligations,
Br it Exacted, bv his Maiestv Kamehameha
. - . f
III, the rremter ana the nobles residing near
Sec. 1. That twenty thousand dollars are herebv
appropriated out of any monies in the treasury, and
hereby set apart as a contingent fund, to meet and
pay, as tar as may be required, the necessary ex
penses of the government, not provided for in the
appropriation bill approved on 15th July, loo2.
sec. 2. 1 hat it shall be lawtul lor the several minis
ters of the Hawaiian Government, for the purpose
of faithfully discharging the duties of their depart
ments, and tulhling the obligations ot the Govern
ment, to make dratts on the Minister of Finance
for such monies as they may think just and ri?ht to
be paid out ot the contingent fund appropriated by
the first section of this act, in which they shall
state the object to which the same is to be applied ;
and the Minister .of t mance is hereby authorized
and empowered to pay said drafts, provided the
same are approved by the auditor of accounts as
iiist and riirJif
sec. 3. This act shall take effect from the day of
its passage, and continue in force until approved or
annulled by the legislature.
Done and passed at the ralace this third day of
December, A. V. 1832.
Y AUTHORITY OF THE COMMITTE.--The
following named persons are requested to re
ceive payment, in cash, of their several claims against
the King, less ten per cent discount, at tne x orcign
office, on any day after Sunday, the 12th inst, be
tween the hours of 9 and 10 o clock, A. si., viz :
Messrs. Swan & Clifford.
Messrs. Makee Anthon & Co
Messrs. Dick. sons.
Robert C. Davis.
J. R. Dow.
II ugh Mclntyre.
Austin & Bade.
Palace, Privy Council Chamber, Dec. 4th, 1852.
By direction of the Committee.
It 31 R. C. WYLLIE, Chairman.
R. C. Janion.
John Bartlett & Co.
M'Colgan & Boland.
Porter k Ogden.
J. C. Spalding.
Reves & Co.
Capt. John Meek.
thereof at Chambers. IJe shall also have power jSupreme Court provided for in this Acsubject to the
Affoihtmests bt His Majestt.W. L. Lee
to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Lorri.t Andrews and Ioane Ii, Associate Jus
tices of the Supreme Court.
' E. P. Bo.tp, Local Circuit Judge of the 4th Ju
Ioane RicHARosorr, Local Circuit Judge of the
2nd Judicial District.
Peter Nshaolrlca, to be Governor of Maui
and the adjacent islands.
It has pleased the King to approve of A. P.
Everett, Esq-, as acting Consul of Chile, during
the temporary absence of the consul, R. C Janion,
Esq. : . ! '
Oregow. Coal. The P. M. Steamship Com
pany despatched to Oregon, some months since,
Mr. French, for the purpose of examining the coal
region recently discovered in that Territory. That
gentleman, with tae assistance of others, has not
only made an exploration of the mines,but returned
with about eight tons of the coal brought down
on the last trip f the steamer Fremont. -. Thefln
telope had a portion of this coal on board, intend
ing to give it a thorough trial ( and judging from
the speed with which she left the dock, the experi
ment will prove perfectly successful. . We were
shown a specimen of the coal, which resembles the
Lehigh, in appearance, although far lighter and
more Utumiiwuj, Co(io n,-a yafef. -""
Total value of vessels & cargoes, $19,414,016.84 !
In estimating the value of these cargoes, it will
be seen that we have used figures at least one
third less than the actual value of the various pro
ducts in the home market, which will allow a wide
ma gin for freight and other charges home, los
ses, commissions, &c.
1 he number of seamen attached to these 275
ships is probably full 10,000, besides masters and
The average value of the past season's catch, to
each of the 271 right whalers, is $23,546.75.
The national character of these ships is as fol
lows : American, 258 : French, 10 ; Bremen, 4
English, Chilian and Hawaiian, each one.
i rom the facts above brought to view, we are
warranted in the conclusion that a more success
ful whaling season has never crowned that branch
of business, since the " inconsiderable villages or
hamlets" of New Bedford, Nantucket, Fair Haven,
New London, &c, commenced operations, in del
ving for the wealth of the ocean. The year 1850
was a remarkable one for success in the whaling
business ; but so far as these islands are concern
ed, the following figures show greatly in favor of
From the Custom house Statistics of that year
we find that the number of vessels at Lahaina and
Honolulu was 237 ; but many of these touched at
both ports, and the number of ships cannot be
known from the report, but the amount of oil and
bone is thus stated :
JOINT STOCK COMPANY.
, v 'Monday evening, Dec. 6,1852.
An adjourned meeting took place at the Court
house at half past seven o'clock. The Weather be
ing inclement, the attendance was small. -
The minutes of the preceding meeting were
read, whereupon the chairman called for the report
of the committee on sugar, its probable average
price for the future, cost of production, &c' The
chairman of the committee, A. B. Bates, Esq. not
being present, a verbal report by the remaining
members of the committee was made, to the effect
that from the best data at hand, the probable price
will not be less than 4 cents per lb., and that the
cost of production is not more than 21-2 cents per
lb. ' ; ' . r r
The committee on coffee was not present, but a
note from the chairman advised that no report had
been prepared, having failed to receive answers
from planters from whom information had been
sought.' " j
An interesting discussion took place and several
items of interest and importance were communi
cated by Messrs. Wundeaburg and P. Cuminga,
practical coffee growers.
From the committee on tobacco and fruits, a re
port was read from the chairman, G. P. Judd, Esq.
on the subject of tobacco and fruits, as follows
The committee appointed to report the probable
average price of tobacco and fruits for the next
rcn years, 111 riuuuiiuu, wiui ujo uu
for their estimates, and also to ascertain the actual
cost of producing, beg leave to report upon tobac
That having availed themselves of such infor
mation as they could procure, of the price and cost
of production in other countries, they quote a few
M It is stated that in 1842, in the single town of
Last Windsor, Conn., more than 50 tons of tobac
co were produced which sold for over $50 per ton,1
or 2i cts per lb. In 1845 it was 8 eta per lb. The
New York Farmer and Mechanic gives the follow'
iug estimate of the cost of production. "
Use of land, one acre one year. . ' .- 15.00
Manure. . . ... . . 15.00
Plowing twice. . . . 3 00
Harrowing and marking. . . - 1.00
7000 tobacco plants, sold at 50c . . ' 30
Holding and setting plants. . . t 3.00
Hoeing four times. ..." . . 5.00
Extra attendance to kill worms. . - . 2.00
ToDDinir and securing. . . 4.00
Cuttins and hanging up to dry. . ..4.00
Stripping from stalk and packing. . . 5.00
Kent of shed to dry in. . . . .
. . . o.w
, 17,247 do.
, 286,495 do.
Balance in favor of 1852, $2,945,799.65
la connection with this subject it is but due to
the port of Honolulu to say, that it affords facili
ties for whalers to recruit, discharge aad ship
crews, tranship their cargoes and transact their
general business, altogether superior to any other
port in the Pacific ocean. We do not make this
assertion because we wish to depreciate other
ports to our own advantage ; but with the full con
viction of its truth, and from having heard the
remark often made by captains of ships them
selves, who have had from ten to twenty-five years
experience in the whaling business in this ocean.
In addition to the above enumerated advantages,
we can also mention the despatch and regularity of
the mails between these islands and the United
States, England and France. Were the owners
of ships and the friends of persons on board but
properly informed of the facta in this respect,
they could easily time their correspondence so as
almost certainly to meet the arrival of their ships
and friends at the islands with but little delay,
Our mails from New York are rarely ever sixty
days in coming through, and sometimes they
reach here in less than fifty. - Letters, there
fore, despatched from France, England and the
Atlantic states so as to come in the New York
mails of July and August, will be seasona
ble for the fall fleet, and gratify many a longing
desire in the whaling fleet that touches in here
during that season. Postage is now so low. that
no obstacle exists, in this respect, to the gratifi
cation of a very strong desire in many thousands
of minds to hear from home. Indeed, so strong
is the feeling in the hearts of many, that we have
often been exceedingly pained to witness the deep
heart-felt disappointment manifested by the young
sailor on finding no letters for him at the post office
here ; while in other cases, the hardships of many
weary months or years at sea seemed to be entire-
forgotten, when letters from home, and the
cherished ones there, have proved to the wander
ing sailor that he too, is not forgotten, but cher
ished by loved ones at home. If the relatives and
friends of seamen would remember this, they
might, at a very cheap rate, afford an amount of
gratification hardly susceptible of estimation.
The Schoolmaster abroad. '
. A package came by the last mail from England,
addressed "to Mr. , tothe care of
Mr. Boulstar Chapliam to the Bethal Chaple Hon
olulu Sandwich Island Near America." ::
AccTtoir Sale or Hcic The hulk of the
American whaleship Heroine was sold at auction
on the 2d inst, for $1,095, for the benefit of under
writers. F. W. Thompson, auctioneer.
Now the tobacco sold for 8c per lb
and the product was 2.000 lbs, - 160
Leaving a net profit of . $92.50 per acre.
Cost of production, 3 cents and a fraction per lb.
Henry Watson of East Windsor states, I
think we can cultivate one acre of tobacco with
the same labor and expense that we can two acres
of com, that produce 60 bushels to the acre, and
the manure required is about the same as tor the
corn crop, for it is not allowed to seed.
In Missouri, prices vary from gl to 211 per
hundred. The finest tobacco in Cuba, is frequent
ly worth from 50c to $1 per lb." Patent office re
Don Julian Silveynor, gives the following esti
mate of the cost of production and value of pro
duct in the island of Cuba.
A parallelogram of 200 yards in length, and
fifty in breadth, will contain, at the distance of
four-fifths of a yard, 160 ditches or furrows ; in
each one of these, there can be placed one hun
dred plants at the distance of half a yard.
Sum of plants in a parallelogram 16,000. Jbacb
plant will produce at least 12 leaves, which we will
divide into classes, 8 to the first and second, and
4 to the third and fourth.
Sum of the leaves 1st &, 2d. . . 128,000
" " 3d Sz 4th. . 64,000
The third part of the 1st and 2d, considered
positively of the first quality, and forming a hand
ful to the 100 leaves, will produce 46, which sell
equivalent to a good dollar each,
The second quality.
The third and fourth do.
The second cutting &c
Three laborers are sufficient to cultivate one of
these parallelograms, or 16,000 plants of tobacco.
According to the present system of cultivation
one man is sufficient to attend to 10,000 plants, but
in the system of cultivation 1 recommend, one man
is necessary to 5,000 plants.
A laborer hires himself in the country for $10 a
month with board, which amounts to $14. The
three individuals will cost during the year $504.
The rent of the parallelogram is $6, which added
to the 504, will amouut to 510 dollars.
Product . . . . 1,359
Cost of production. . . . 510
Being able to plow the land suitably with one
horse, and rent free, 16 parallelograms would
amount to the enormous sum of $13,584.
One house of tobacco large enough to contain
2,000 cajis of tobacco, would cost . $600
2 yoke of oxen. . . . . . 136
2,000 neat cajis at a real. . . . 250
Utensils of labor. . . . . . 200
Incidental expenses. . . . , - 814
The rent necessary is two thousand, rent free
and a horse, cultivating by this method at $1384,
the interest which this capital gains is 679 dollars
to 100. So says the Don, considering his parallelo
gram to be two acres, (it is a little morel his cost
of production $260 and his product $679.50, there
is a clear proht ot 541'J.bU per acre, to be made Dy
the cultivation of tobacco, and allowing a ton to
the acre, it costs 13 cents per lb. and sells at 34cts
nearly per lb. " ;.
Taking this as an average one year with another,
it appears reasonable that the business of cultivat
ing tobacco in these islands would prove to be ex
ceedingly profitable, provided our soil, climate, &c.
are equal to that of Cuba, which from what we have
already seen, can hardly admit of a question.
It is evident that in these islands, tne cost of la
bor and rent of land are less than the estimate for
Cuba, but there would be other expenses, such as
superintendence, buildings, fences, etc., which
might make it equat
1 he cost of producing oranges for' the Califor
nia market, cannot be estimated by us with cer
tainty. Probably an acre of trees might cost half
as much as an acre of coffee, would bear fruit in
about the same time and at $1 per hundred would
afford a profit upon the outlay and expenses, greater
than that of sugar, coffee, tobacco or any other
crop, it appears to your committee that they would
always find a ready sale, lemons and limes also.
The committee on the desirableness of organiz
ing a joint stock company for agricultural purposes
reported through their chairman, C. C Harris, Esq.
which report was accepted, and is as follows :
Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, -Your
committee for considering the feasibility
of Joint Stock Companies, for the purpose of car
rying on agricultural operations, have taken coun
sel together and made diligent inquiries among our
fellow citizens, upon he matter committed to their
care.- Their enquiries have only served to make
them more confident that the proposed mode is the
only one, on which we can expect any considerable
undertakings to be based in this country for a long
time to come. ' During the last season, exchange,
on the United States has been 10 to 20 per cent
and as long as this is the case, we cannot expect
that single individuals can afford to ' invest large
sums in plantations, for this, as well as oth.er cir
cumstances which frequently arise, tend to keep
the rate of interest even higher than the enorm
rate at which it is established in this countrj 1
law. Now the rate can only be reduced io J
ways, borrowing money from abroad, or proda?
ing something at home which we may exchange t, J
basis to borrow on, and that only basis is p. 1
tion. Does the government wish to borro ;
must be shown that there is a prospect of thetaj
being sufficient to pay at some time, but the oni,
taxable basis is production. Land and cattle i
not wealth. II a man owneu me great America
desert and nothing beside, he would still ce
poor, as if he owned but" that quantity whica
Enzlish kins promised to the Norwegian invad 1
Assuming that these propositions need -no
the next question is whether the raising of sugar rf
be a profitable undertaking ? This was duspowd .
b v our chairman, at our last meeting.- He stated h
result of the experience of the firm of which he J
. ,v" r a - .1 ... . "I
memoer, ana nis cunnaence id juhub poinsjjj
out tne gzouna 01 nis Deuei. , iue rami 01 xce
quiries Ol your committee on the priceof product
and the sale-price of the article has been laid kefo.
011 this evenin?. : ; . ' ' " ' ' !'
with which they are regarded, depends upon tiJ
habits of individuals, but to it we mvue aiscussi
confident that opposition can tralr brinar forward.
guments, that can easily oe rauwa, or msunet t
failure easr to be explained. - ix oe assumed tia
the planting of sugar is profitable for j individu4
then the prosperity of a Joint Stock Company,
pends upon the probity and intelligence of the
asers or directors. By probity, I mean not only
cuniary honesty, but fidelity, application; for hev-J
does not apply au his talents, to tne loiuiment f
trust which he has assumed, has not probity. Of fcJ
intelligence of the managers, you of course are juiW
and in your choke will select those men who mJ
;?e their own business intelligently, for he will aj
age that of the company in the same manner, andV
selecting managers from different occupations in &
such a company may obtain" the experience ef &
trader, the lawyer and the mechanic, regards
most advantageous method of conducting their bat
ncss. Nor is it true that the multiplicity of ownc
makes the management more aimcuic or" if :
hundred men commit their interest to six or ei:
it is the six or eight, not the six hundred who are 4
meet, plan and agree; and it is no more difficult $i
make these six or eight managers agree upon a pi
than six or eight partners of any other kind. Wfc&
the business reputation of the managers, upon whit
most of us depend for a living, would be more 1
stake in this than in their ordinary business, for oea
in each year it is to be subjected to the scrutiny
many more than ordinary business eonstitatents.
Says one speaker, at our last meeting, it is imgnj
sible to carry on such operations as building railrotj
any other way. But the building of railroads is maJ
generally a profitable business, unless the schem
the beginning was futile, from the small popula
of the country. .Does it not follow if agents e
conduct a business involving millions of capital c
advantage, they may likewise conduct that inYota-
thousands. It depends again we would say, on tl
probity of the managers, in the sense which I hxJ
denned it, and to the probity of our fellow men. i
are accustomed to trust ourselves every dav
confidence. Neither is this principle applied to id
mense undertakings alone, but in the- infancy of &
business, and for aught I know now, many whd
ships were owned in tnat way, and the business p;
fitably conducted. I
Again it depends upon what you call 4 large cJ
dertaking, whether this is such an one. To ns it
pears so, at least it is too large for many of our J
m unity to raise the money sufficient for n. w la
the building of twenty or . thirty miles of rails.
would not appear immense to Baron Kothschild.
- Certain it is that many of the cotton, woolen r
iron muis 01 .ew xmgiana, are conducted m-i
inis principle, jvna many more which, are hm.
to a few partners, have charters so that they area
ganized on this principle that they may take in J
many partners as they see fit. Une cannot beruiad
by it for his Lability, can extend no further thtz
his interest in the concern.
w e nave talked much, with our fellow cioad
upon the subject, and generally hear from this n
that he will take a few hundred dollars, from the
will give labor, from the other I will give rnercls
dise. All of which has reminded one of vour tee
mittee of a certain Company of people in MsinM
each one of whom being too poor to pay the patud
ot nun sell ana lamily to California, they built t
ana came out.
The Shaker settlement in New Hampshire aJ
Connecticut, and perhaps the Mormon settlemtu
are examples of the successful application of q
principle, whilst the failures of the socialist u
seems to us, is to be attributed to the fact that tid
scheme of government of their associations was or
democratic and not elective. The authority to a
termine whether it was advisable to plant corn or?
tatoes being a matter to argue about, in a committf
of the whole every day. Of course neither of thcrf
schemes, are identical with ours, since there
scheme for all the associated living together, but
advantage is in our favor on that account, but
scheme of property is the same.
Your committee would close by again remaiU
tnat they believe this to be the only pracUcu
scneme ot opening new plantations in this comd
lor a long tune to come.
All of which is most respectfully submitted.
A long discussion ensued, in whkh Messrs. M
Hall, Aldrich, J. M. Smith and C. C. Harris H
part, and which resulted in pre sen ting the foUovj
resolution, which was adopted . .
Kesolved, That in the opinion of this mecf
Joint Stock Companies are f easible for carryis;
agricultural operations, and that books be immtdit
ty opened for, and a committee of five be appoitf
to procure subscriptions, for carrvinz on a ie(
plantation with a capital of at least $50,000.
Messrs. Harris, Aldrich, J. Mott Smith, LE.M
chell and A B. Bates, were appointed said conuni2j
After the passage of which resolution, the m4
adjourned to the 2d Tuesday in January, at 7 T-H
to hear r eport of the committee to procure subwa
Sank in th Channel.
The Am. merchant ship AucxaDCi, Cd
Bush, now lies heeled over on the east side of 'A
channel in the harbor, and lying on the bott
where the water is barely sufficient to keep H
The A. had a full freight of oil and lone
board, and was all ready for sea. She had bH
out to proceed on her voyage, but lay on the i
of the channel, so. that when the tide ebbed,!
grounded, heeled over to' starboard and 4
We are not aware of the extent of the injury i
ship has received, or whether she will be reptrt
and sent to sea with her cargo or not. She if a
Wreck of the American TThaleship A.
This ship, which was at anchor outside on X
day last, was driven ashore on the reef a lie
the eastward of the ent ranee of the harbor M
the night, or on Tuesday morning, was disro
and now lies a wreck, with the probability that
will soon break up, as the wind continues fcxH
South-east, and a heavy sea is breaking overH
It cannot fail to be a matter of surprise t&V'
aliip was allowed to remain at anchor on
shore, when for ,12 hours before the gale "1
menced, it was evident to every one at all acqpj
ed with the nature of our southerly storm
one was brewing. At any moment during 1
day, she might have got under way, and cj
made an offing, or come inside, where sbc
have been perfectly safe.
We feel bound to say, (that people brolJ
not think Honolulu harbor or roadstead a oW)
ous place for their ships,) that there was no n'
ty for the loss of this ship. Abundant time
forded, after the indications of an apprcaf'
storm were apparent, for her to have sought
in the harbor or at sea and her loss ehouia y