Newspaper Page Text
n.wrmrnV APR fr. 2. 1B53.
The Arg n -nri.
Ki Overlooking the gross impropriety ? Vf
r MPiniw members of His Majesty s
tile unities p
Krr.r th nubhc as the editor ot
.... a allowed himself to doonthelGth ult.
-,t ,.mimr to ffive their views on a Bubject of
rals and their " practice" in relation to it, it is
not a little amusing to notice his misconceptions
and blunders. He chops logic as a machine cuts
straw, fine enough to be sure, but leaves the entire
mass in a perfect jumble. He can not only "look
into a mill-stone," but he can see through it, too, if
it lm-e a hole in it. A very Daniel, truly !
Wise men, or those reputed so, have sometimes
uttered trite sayings, which have passed into pro
verbs and are used as current coin among all think
ing men. We will instance one, and compare it
with the profundity of the editor of the Argus.
"An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of
cure." Now every body understands this, and it
contains tht essence of a very broad principle.
But the Editor of the Argus reverses the adage,
and would have - us deal with the disease and not
attempt its prevention. He says, M true legislation
d?a!s with physical, manifest results, and leaves
the causes to be moulded or corrected by educa
tion." If this means anything, which, perhaps, it
does not, it recommends the legislature to jump
over all intermediate action, and punish crime, but
not to meddle with measures by which those crimes
might be prevented. He would abolish houses of
correction, and not meddle with vicious youth un
til they becjme hardened criminals. He would
not disperse a gathering mob, until they hd de
veloped some " physical, manifest result," suoji as
arson or murder.
And how does he recommend, upon the particu
lar subject under his pen ? We doubt not he will
admit, as almost every man readily does, that
drunkenness is a mighty physical, social and po
litical evil. We have seen how he would treat it.
He would "leave the causes," and deal with "phy
sical results." He would make liquor cheap, by
abolishing the duty upon it, and then allo"v it to be
sjld without a license, to men, women and chil
dren. This is the " education " by which he
would have the " causes moulded and corrected ! "
He would not even shield children from contami
nation, because to " legislate upon morals is im
pertinent!" We commend this second Daniel for
a law-giver ; but it should be in Pandemonium.
That we express his views on this point, is clear,
because he attempts to argue that by a reduction
of duty the revenue would be increased, How?
We all know that the post-office revenue of Great
B.itain was imniensety increased by the reduction
of postage, but it was occasioned by the amazing
increase of correspondence, consequent upon that
reduction. Docs the editor of the Argus, and
those who hold the same opinions on this point
with him, desire to see the revenue of this kingdom
increased, by an augmented consumption of spirits?
Wo most sincerely hope, for humanity's sake, that
they will change their views, and adopt the truth
ful maxim, " that an ounce of prevention is worth
a pound of cure."
Another trite saying is, " measures, not men."
Here, again, the Argus violates every principle of
delicacy and jood laste. For instead of taking up
the broad subject of the importation and sale of
spirits, and exhibiting the great advantages con
ferred upon the community by their introduction
and sale, and thus founding a reasonable argu
ment for granting them special favors, he parades
the names of individuals before his readers, as if
men, not measures, were the subject matter. Such
a course is simply contemptible ; and in such a
connection ho has no right to assume to give the
views of individuals, without their special sanc
tion. We know some of them do not thank him
for it; and that he has reckoned without his host.
But one of the most amusing of all blunders is,
that he accuses temperance men with acting from
expediency, and not from principle ! as "those who,
overleaping the obligations of principles, fly to ex
pediency of practice for safety." Now if there be
any one thing upon which the friends of tempe
rance pride themselves more than another, it is,
that they are actuated by " principle." It is from
a deep seated conviction that they are eight, that
they act. It is because they have a sympathy for
the brother in danger, that they endeavor to rescue
him. It is Ais good name they would preserve
from degradation, not their own merely. His
standing in society, they would uphold ; his family
they would shield ; his aood they would seek.
This we call " principle," and its converse, expe
diency. The foregoing remarks were crowded out of
our last week's issue, but they are not thereby out
of date. The Editor of the Argii3 is again out on
the same subject, in his paper of the 23d, and
ridiculously attempts to explain away his own de
claration, and to fehirk the application of his own
arguments. And after a fruitless struggle to ex
tricate himself from the quag-mire into which he
foolishly plunged himself, he fills back upon the
"reserved rigLts" of an unmcntioned class, and
of society in general, as too sacred to Le meddled
with by any Iody.
Now we will simply ask the editor of the Argus
if any ma n, or class of men, have reserved to them-!
selves the right to do tcrong? And whether the
community has yielded the right to defend itself
from injuries inflicted by those who corrupt its!
morals, degrade its individual members, increase
its burdens and expenses, corrupt its youth, and j
bring misery, penu.-y and want into its sacred cir-j
cle ? And whether they have so pledged their
failh to anybody, as to make tl)omse!vesslave3 in
a matter vital to every interest of that commuuity ?
The idea is preposterous, and contrary to every
principle of honorable compact. No man or class
of men have a right to trifle with the interests of
a community in this way. A " reserved right " to
do wrong! This is solemn trifling, which the edi
tor should be ashamed of. It is an insult to moral
ity, as well as to a virtuous and intelligent commu
nity. Meeting of the Legislature. -
On Wednesday next, the Cth inst His Majesty
will open the Legislature at the Palace, as will bp
seen by a notice of the Chamberlain in another
column. ' -
But few of the members have yet arrived, and
there is some doubt whether a quorum will be con
vened by the day specified.
Auction sale of bark and tackle. ..
. The condemned bark Magdala was sold at
auction on Wednesday, by A. P, Everett, for
.' Supreme Court - ,
The April term of the Supreme Court will com
raence its sitting on Monday next, the 4th inst. at
the Court House in Honolulu. The Calendar, we
understand, is rather a long one, and will probably
occupy the court the whole week, after which the
Supreme. Court room will be occupied by the
House f Representatives for the session "of 1853.
San Francisco, its Morals.
The following extract is from a letter written
from San Francisco, under date of February 23d.
" The past winter has been one of the severest
that ever California saw. I was here in 1819, and
have teen here during "this ; and the misery,
wretchedness and destitution of the past winter
have been fearful indeed. Hundreds arriving each
week in ill health and with little money, in the
midst of a rainy season, has made the city at once
an almshouse and hospital.
"But there are other cause which tend to keep
things in a more deplorable condition, and the two
greatest are intemperance and gambling. These
are sucking the life-blood from our society. Those
who have little money and no employment, try to
mend their fortunes by gaming, and failing in this,
drink themselves into forgetful ness. It is enough
to make one's heart sick to look about the city.
Young men who at home were examples of hon
esty and uprightness, here lack moral courage to
say NO to the many inducements held out to them.
Better, indeed, for them to have staid in tlieir quiet
homes, and lived a life of peace and rectitude,
with small gains, than to have coine here to throw
themselves avay, and become useless encumbran
ces." The above conveys its own moral, and harmon
izes perfectly with the representations of every
one who has visited that country and thiu.
There is no science at the present day that
takes precedence of Meteorologt, in the atten
tion devoted to it, and in the practical use3 to
which a more intimate knowledge of its phenome
na are being employed. Theories are becoming
established by experiments, or discarded for want
of basis upon which to rest Even the laws that
govern storms aro becoming known, and ships are
navigated with almost certain reliance upon them.
The enlightened governments of Europe and
America are united in making experiments, and in
recording observations upon atmospheric and me
teoric phenomena, and not an expedition is pro
jected by them without special attention being paid
to this department of science.
We have been particularly interested in the ob
servations of Mr. E. Meriam, at the Observatory
in Brooklyn, New-York, and present on our first
page, some of his remarks, founded upon long ex
perience and observation. His theory in regard
to temperature is new to us, and needs confirma
tion by longer and more extended experiments.
It will, without doubt, awaken much attention, and
be the occasion of a more concise series of obser
vations in all parts of the world, with particular
reference to its establishment.
The letter from which we extract, is addressed
to the editor of the Portsmouth Journal, N. II.
His reference to our volcano and its influence will
doubtless attract the attention of meteorologists
here, and lead them to a more critical investigation
of its phenomena, particularly on occasions of vio
lent eruptions. No finer field for this class of ob
servations can possibly exist, than on Hawaii.
The resignation of Chas. It. Bishop, Esq. as
Collector General of Customs, was tendered to,
and accepted by His Majesty in council, on Mon
day last, and takes efFect on the 5th of April. No
successor, we believe, has yet been appointed, but
one will probably be at the next sitt'ng of the
Privy Council, on Monday next. We have heard
several names mentioned as candidates for the
office, the two most prominent of which are, Mr.
Monarrat, who has long been connected with the
Custom House in Honolulu, and Mr. Goodale, for
merly connected with the Interior Department,
and recently returned from a visit to the United
States. In our next issue, we shall probably have
occasion to announce the appointment of one of
these gentlemen to the post vacated by Mr. Bishop,
who retires from the office with a vote ol thanks
from the Privy Council, for the efficiency and
fidelity with which he has discharged its duties,
for the past three or four years. The duties of
Collector General involve a good deal of responsi
bility, and the nomination of a successor devolves
by law upon the Minister of Finance.
Air Boats for Coasters.
A meeting to organize a Steamboat Company,
to procure and run one or more Ericsson air boats
among the islands as coasters was held on Wcd
desday evening, and was well attended by the right
sort of men to make it go.
Having an engagement, we had not the plea
sure of attending, but are happy to learn that it
was decided to form a Company, with a capital of
J?o0,000 ; one hundred shares, at f.HX) per share,
add a committee was appointed to procure sub
scriptions, and report at ail adjourned meeting on
r nday evening.
As our paper is made up usually on i nday after
noon, to go by evening coasters to other islands,
we are not able to report the proceedings of the
adjourned meeting; but from the spirit with which
the undertaking has been commenced, and the
character of those who have set it in motion, we
have strong hopes that sufficient stock will be
taken to warrant the order for the boat, by Capt.
James Makcc, who is on the eve of embarking for
the United States in the Zoe. The enterprise has
our most cordial wishes tor its entire success.
1. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meetins
that the establishment of a communication between
the Hawaiian Islands by means of one or more ves
sels to be propelled by engines on the new Ericsson
principle will be highly advantageous to the commu
nity, as well as remunerating to those concerned in
2. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meet
ing that a Joint Stock Company be formed with a
capital of $50,000, in shares of $500 each, for the
purpose ot carrying into etlect the foregoing resolu
tion by procuring with the least possible delay one
3. Resolved, That a committee of five be named
by the chair for the purpose of procuring subscribers
and devising the best means of organizing the pro
posed company, either by deed of incorporation or
charter, and report to an adjourned meeting.
The chair appointed Messrs. Montgomery,. Makee,
Snow, Ford and Penhallow as a committe, and the
Coal. It is reported that Capt. Cash of the
Am. whale ship " Columbia," recently discovered
coal on the northern shore of the Ochotak Sea, in
long. 156 E. and lat. 50 N, from which he ob
tained several tons for his ship's use, which has
proved to be of superior quality. We anxiously
wait further patriculars corroborating the truth
of this important discovery. -; ". -
Daguerreotype Pictures. .
Having gotten their apparatus into good working
order, accustomed to the lisht. &c. Messrs.
Stasoejtwald ard Goodfellow are prepared
to take pictures in a superior manner. We have
seen additional specimens ot their work tnlrn.
and can recommend them as fine productions of
uic an. uive uiera a call, as their stay in town
win not oe protracted. .
jpb L V NES1 AN, SATURDAY, APRIL 2,
Loss of the Steamer Independence!
. ' 132 lives lost!!
We ha"ve been favored, by one of the survivors,
with ihe following communication, detailing the
particulars in brief terms, of the wreck and burn
ing of the steamer Independence, of the Vander-
hi!t line, on the 16th of February. The names of
120 of the lost are given below, and some ten or
twelve, whose names were not ascertained, are
also known to be among the dead. Sixteen fe
males, sixteen children and 100 men, comprise the
The cause of the loss of this steamer was, in
the opiuion of the passengers, gross negligence on
the part of the commanding officer and great error
in judgment, hard to be accounted for by those ac
quainted with CapL Thompson, whose attention to
his duties is testified to, by even the surviving pas
senders. The North America and the Indepen
dence, both of Vanderbilt'a Line, were lost by run
ning too near the shore, in order to avail themselves
of still waterand currents ; and the inquiry comes
up with fearful earnestness, When will the travel
ing public be exempted from such indiscreet, not
to say reckless, tampering with human life ? Is it
not time for something to be dose, to prevent it?
For the PolyneMtn.
Maodale.xa Bat, Lower California,?
March 4th, 1853. S
Mk. Eoitor: Seldom has it been my lotto
depict scenes of misfortune and death. In the
wreck and burning of the steamship Indepen
dence, the pen performs its work with but me
chanical exactness, without influences of any kind
save of sadness for the departed and sympathy for
the distressed survivors. The passage from fean
Juan from the 4th to the lGth Feb., had been un
usually agreeable. The passengers generally,
were respectable, accommodating and contented,
and no sign of fever had made its appearance,
notwithstanding the ship was crowded beyond all
propriety. Time passed slowly but pleasantly,
and "all went merry as a marriage bell" till the
dawn of the lfith inst. Soon after day-break,
while the decks were being swabbed and conse
quently, a large number of passengers being up,
the ship struck against a rock, the upper part be
ing four feet out of water, about 350 yds. from the
bold, rocky shore of the southern point of Marga
reta Island, about 1G0 miles above Cape St. Lu
cas. Nearly all the passengers saw the rock, and
many of them before the ship struck. After back
ing off without difficulty, the leakage increased
too fast to keep the ship afloat more than twenty
minutes, when she was beached in a small cove,
one mile and a half above the southern point of
the Island. The bow struck 200 yds. from the
shore, just outside the breakers. The passengers
were all aft to allow the ship to ground as near the
shore as possible. By the water in the hold finding
its level in the return flues of the furnaces the
usual.escape of the flames by the stack pipe was
prevented, and consequently the compressed heat
in the furnaces escaped through the doors setting
fire to the wood-work around. All the water-buckets
were in use at the time, but as the smoke arising
was attributed to extinguishing the fire in the fur
naces, no use was made of them and the passengers
not knowing the ship to be on fire were unaware of
their danger. During this time, say ten minutes,
two boats with the two mates were successively sent
with the hawser ashore, the first one swamping
and losing the line, and the second reaching the
shore with the line, but of little purpose to the
ship. Neither the mates, nor the hands mis-called
seamen, returned with the boats to the assistance
of the passengers. The third and fourth boats,
manned by passengers, and filled with women
and children were then despatched ashore when
they remained like the other two, tossed about
on the beach by every breaker. The fire swept
through the vessel by the force of the land
breeze driving scores of persons to throw them
selves hastily overboard, many of them to in-
stanteeus and certain death by drowning. During
the space of ten minutes death embraced its vie
tims from every are and condition of life. Awful
dismal and tragical was the scene too heart
rending for description and too melancholy for re
Some fev persons had life preservers, while
many others were good swimmers, dui so over
powering was the scene upon their feelings, that
their courage failed them when most needed, and
they sank to a watery grave in company with one
another, a sad scene to the first survivors that es
caped on shore. When the vessel was in a com
plete blaze, a single man, a passenger, had the
hardihood to take a boat out through the break
ers to pick up a boat kwd of drowning peo
ple. By the exertions of M r. Hcrron, the Stew
ard, another boat was launched and assisted in
collecting a portion cf the passengers who had
clung to trunks and fragments of the wreck, some
of them having been carried out to sea two miles
from the wreck.
CaDt. Sampson was the last person to leave thp
wreck, and was taken off by a boat. The Purser
J. Freeborn, floated part of the way on the main
yard of the vessel (which had fallen from its fast
ening to the mast; out losing ins grasp was
washed ashoreTiearly lifeless. No papers of the
purser were saved, so that the whole number ot
nrnnna lost cannot be known at present. From
all the information to be gathered, at present, the
ship contained over four hundred souls, of whom
270 are alive. The names of 120 of the lost are
(riven in the list. Over seventy bodies remained
in the deep, the remainder were gathered and
buried side by side along the sandy shore,
"Upon the lone barren We they sleep their last sleep."
After the ship was burnt to the water's edge the
hull was washed asrainst the rocks, and some fif
teen barrels of salt provisions taken from the hold.
One small sail was saved which answered as a
shelter to the women and children during the three
day's stoppasre on the island. Most of the surviv
ors reached the shore with but little clothing upon
their bodies, and all the luggage thrown overboard
floated to sea.
The want of water was severely felt, and all
means were taken to find it and to distill it. A
party of three of us followed the coast of the island
20 miles, subs-sting on crabs and muscles, but
found no signs of water. On the rocks near the
wreck were small holes exuding about a table
spoonful of brackish water every minute, around
which were gathered day and night, men, women
and children, sipping in turn through quills their
quota. By the ingenuity of Mr. Collins the en
gineer, an empty water cask was converted into a
water distillery, and doubtless would have furnish
ed sufficient wator for the survivors had no sssist-
ance been rendered so speedily. The evening of
the 2d day a prospector found small holes of
brackish water in the mountains at the soutn end
of the island. Prospecters returned the 2d day
from across the island stating that they had seen
several vessels fifteen miles off, inMagdalenabay,
near the main land. On the same evening a party
of men took the ship's cannon across the island
and by bon fires and discharges of the cannon at
tracted the attention of the whalers. Before their
arrival, however, thirty men carried a boat weigh
ing 1000 lbs., without stoppage to the bay, which
was sent forthwith to the whale ships across the
bay. Soon after the boat left, a party of whale
men came over to the camp, bringing fresh water
and hard bread. ' The cries of thanksgiving pro
duced an uproar not likely to be forgotten by an
tye witneaa on the occasion. , .
The camp was forthwith broken up, and all
bands crossed to the opposite shore, a distance of
five miles, where we were all taken across the bay
to the whale ships Omega, Meteor, James Maury,
and bark Clement, commanded respectively by
Capts. Fisher, Jeffries, Whelden, and Lane. Our
reception was most cordial and the hospitality
shown us in supplying us with food, clothing and
shelter, was generous and open-hearted.
The 1st day of the wreck, Capt. Sampson start
ed in an open boat to go north for assistance, and
after rowing 30 hours, reached the schooner A.
Emory, CapL, Gordon, in Upper Magdalena Bay.
The schooner started to our assistance, but did not
reach the wreck till the camp had been abandoned.
She ship Meteor, Capt. Jeffries, was chartered
to take the oassen-rers to San Francisco. She
sailed the 3d March with 255 souls crowded into
the smallest compass. C. R. CULLEN.
Persons lost br the wreck and burning of
the steamship Independence
Aver Mrs.M.S.&child,Georgia; Adler Wm. Mem-
plus, lenu.; Abraham wm., i-nglana; jiomumn,
Ohio: Ahrahnin E. Ohio.
n;rmn Wm Wu-h Burniim R Ohio: Brewins-
ton K. M., St Louis, Baker Philip, Mass.; Bamecum
.MjssjuUa, St JLouis; urown wis., Aiasa-, uiwu
Alex., Mich.; Baum J., X. Y. Brook AV.; Bateman
iu. j:iio; uerwin m m-., leiui., xemiu v..,
Brainerd Jas. 111.; Black E., Albany.
Coke N. Y., Carrington A. A., wife and child;
Chauncev, St. James, Mobile; Cootes C. J. (boy) St
Louis; Collins E.. England; Carnc M. A. and child;
Carmichael A., Ohio; Crooks Wm., N. Y., Conitan
Davy R., England; Doyle Wm N. , Drowne
Mrs. Ezra, Iowa.
Francis P., England, Freet N., Germany, Ford H.
Garrett , Ohio; Garner W. and wife, Cinn.;
Granis Chas., Cliicago, IU.; Hall Mrs. and child;
IluleO., Mass.; llowhmd Mrs. and 3 boys, Wis.;
Hatch J. G., Texas; Ileartman , N. Y.
Irner and witc; Cinn.; Ingols (2 gills) Oregon.
Jones T., X. Y.
Kelly Jas., X. O.; Knox. R. A , R. L; Kelpe J
Cinn.; Kemp Morris; Kettridge, Asa, I1L
Larco J Valparaiso, Leeman P. I, and 2 boys,
Mo.; Luce S. P., Conn.; Lackey Martha, Geo.; Linn
Henry L. Ind.; Leonard Wm., X. Y.
Moulton W. S., Mass.; Marris John, Albany; Mos
her J. X. Y.; Mastcrman John, Mich.: Myers J., X,
Y.; Murphy Marv, Boston; Muffin Mrs. F., X. r-;
Marvin E. C, P nn.. McCandler Wm. II., Ohio.
Xellis E., 111.; Xichols David, Geo., Xewell W.
Oberlee T., X. Y.; O'Hare Martin; O-Xeal
X. Y. -
Pied W., Louisville; Psnway A.; Prnden S., X. Y.
Robinson .Mrs. IV ana z cnuuren, at. louu; i.ej
nolda A., X. Y.; Roberts II. J., Wis.; Reason Jas.,
X. H.; Scott Alison, Ohio; Schofield X. A., Penn ;
Sparhawk Jno. F., X. II.; Sewell J., Albany;
Schmist Jno. Maryland;
TarrJ. B.,St Louis; Teats Chas., Cinn.; Taylor
Robt ; Boston; Tavkr E. O. (child) "Wis.; Taylor
Simeon, X. H.; 'fallen James, St Louis; Tuily Jas.;
Uestriss Jno., EL
Watson Asa W. (boy) St Louis; Ward Benj. Mich.
Ward Charles A. X. ; Williams Jno. Ohio; Wed
dcll B. M. Ind.; Welch Ann, Boston; Whitiman
Barbara, X. O ; Wilson T. M.. X. Y.
Whereas, By the wrecking of the steamship
Independence, the 16th Feb. on Margarita Island,
Lower California, and by timely assistance the
passengers surviving said wreck having been res
cued from its lone, barren shore by boats from the
ships Omega, Meteor, James Maury and bark
Clement ; therefore be it Resolved by the passen
gers oi board the ship Omega, that
We tender to Capt. Jared Fisher, our cordial
thanks for the noble reception and generous hos
pitality we have experienced at his hands ; that
these expressions are feeble but sincere testimo
nials ol our gratitude, and that we part with the
best wishes and warmest des.res for the health,
happiness and prosperity of the Captain, officers
and crew of the ship Omega.
That, to Mr. James Clarke, the 2d mate of the
ship Omega, and to the seamen under his com
mand on the 18th Feb., most welcome pioneers in
furnishins water to the thirsty, bread to the hungry,
hope to the desponding and safety to all, after
remaining several days in an open boat in a stormy
s a awaiting a steamer, we are under lasting ob
ligations ; that as long as memory retains its seat
in our frail bodiej we shall hold their generous
hearts and giant souls in grateful remembrance,
that the scenes of their lives may be as grand, eno
bling and pacific as the ocean they now sail upon,
and t'lat when the winds and storms of life are over,
they may anchor peacefully and securely in the
haven of rest.
Resolved, in behalf of the ladies on board the
We offer to Capt. Jared Fisher their grateful
acknowledgments for furnishing them a temporary
home on the deep, and for making their situation
as agreeable, comfortable and happy as under the
present circumstances the heart could desire; that
if the opportunity for reciprocating the manifold
acts of kindness should never occur, it is their
fondest hope that his life may long be spared to
adorn his family, and that the latter end of his ex
istence on earth may be as serene and heavenly,
as his present life is man'y and humane.
CI I AS. R. CULLEN,
JOSEPH STEELE, Committee.
EZRA DIIOWNE, 3
For the Polynesian.
Mr. Editor. If the enclosed account of a New
Year's Day in Washington, President Fillmore's
levee, &c, clipped from a Philadelphia pu.per,
should prove as interesting to your readers, as it
has to ins, it will be worthy of an insertion in your
paper. One statement may ufford a useful hint to
His Majesty's advisers here.
Since General Jackson's time, no refreshments
are served at the President's levees. The General
amongst other jjoo J acts of his administration, dis
countenanced this useless and inconvenient cus
tom. This looks like reason and common sense;
where the public generally are admitted, refresh
ments arc out of place; abuses will be the result.
And although a King's court, however humble,
may not be ordered on the same scale of plain sim
plicity, as the house of a chief magistrate of a re.
public, no reason appears why refreshments are less
" useless and inconvenient," or more called for at
His Majesty's soiree, than at those of the Presi
dent at Washington. The object in both cases is
the same, and that is not to eat and drink, nor to
be entertained, but to pay a due respect to the
chief magistrate of the nation, an object in which
all are interested and therefore none are excluded
who are decent and orderly.'
The more genteel on such occasions partake of
refreshmenU sparingly, if they take any at all,
while a coarser throng who seem to have saved
their appetites for the occasion, are always ready
to rush in and relieve the tables of their burdens,
as though the entertainment was for their special
benefit. We go, then, Mr. Editor, for General
Jackson's policy in such matters. But if this is
meddling with other folks' matters we beg pardon.
But for the enclosed scrap we should not have
cared enough about the subject, to have written
one word. We love to M honor the King," and we
love good eating too, but we love still more to have
each in its proper place. . , SENEX.
Our readeis will find he article referred to by
our correspondent on our first page, under the
head of "New Year's day in the Metropolis;"
and we invite them to peruse it in order right
ly to understand the remarks of Senex.
Every thing should be done decently and in
order," and if such is not the case, let & reform take
place as suggested above, ,
Capt. Joseph Maobhaw. Upon the reception
of the news of the death of CapL Maughan, a
special meeting ot the First Hawaiian Guard was
called on Tuesday evening at their armory. ' A
committe was appointed to draft a preamble and
resolutions expressive of the feelings of the Corps
on the occasion. The following were submitted
and unanimously adopted:
Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to re
move from among us one of our number, and one
with whom we have been long and intimately as
Resolved, That in the death of Joseph
Macgha, the First Hawaiian Guard have lost
one of their most honorable members, and our
community an invaluable citizen.
Resolved, That a deputation of the Company be
appointed to convey to the widow and family of
the deceased our warmest sympathies m their
affliction, and the sincere regrets of every member
at the loss of one so universally beloved and res
pected by all who knew him.
Resolved, That in respect to the memory of the
deceased, the Company be draped in black, and
the nsual badges of mourning be worn on the left
arm for thirty days.
Resolved. That the above Preamble and Reso
lutions be published in the public journals, and a
copy of the same be forwarded to the family of
B. F. SNOW,
D. P PENIIALLOW,
To Capt. Gift, of the Gazelle, Capt Hayes of the
Galatea, to the captain of the French ship Bolivie,
Mr. Perrin and Capt. Penhallow, all of whom have
furnised us California papers of late dates ; we ten
der our thanks for theii favors.
(J The mail for San Francisco, will close at
the Post-office at 3 o'clock, P. M. on Tcf.spat
next, April 5th, and will be despatched by the
clipper brig Zoe. This mail will reach San Fran
cisco for the steamer of May 1st.
For Stpset, a mail will be despatched during
next week day uncertain.
SIX DAYS LATER FROM S. FRANCISCO ! !
Farther Foreign extracts from the Atlantic
States and Europe I !
The bark Galatea arrived at this port on Wed
nesday last, in sixteen days from San Francisco,
bringing files to the 13th March.
We Tegret to learn by this arrival the loss of the
P. M. S. S. Company's Steamer Teusessee, at
Indian Cove, near the entrance to San Francisco
Bay, on the Cth of March. The preamble and
resolutions adopted, at a meeting of her passen
gers, exculpate Capt. Melius and his officers from
all blame in the loss of the 6hip, and attribute it to
circumstances beyond their control. She went
ashore in a dense fog, having mistaken the bluff
of the cove, for the South Head.
All her passengers, five hundred and twenty in
number, were safely landed, together with their
batmicrQ and the United States Mail which was
very large, consisting of over 200 bags 70,000
letters, and as many papers. The mail was safely
received at the Post Office in S. F. on the after
noon of the 7th, and was distributed the same
night, taking six hours for 30 hands to assort it.
The Te5essee is the first steamer of the P. M.
S. Company that has been lost, and her loss would
seriously affect the arrangements of the company,
upon the coast, were it not for the arrival of the
John L. Stevens, just out from New-York, which
will immediately take her place in the line. ' The
keel for a still larger steamer has recently been
laid in New-York for the same company, which
will be ready in October, to take her place in the
As our island mail has not yet reached as, we
are indebted to the Alta California of March 12th,
for the following continuation of foreign intelli
gence. Atlantic States.
The Senate passed the bill extending the time
of warehousing foreign goods, with an amend
ment restricting the time for goods intended for
consumption to twelve months. Other goods are
allowed three years. The bill in its present shape,
also looks to the modification of the existing law
in regard to the extensive use of Public Bonded
The Silver Coinage Bill. This measure,
which passed ttu Senate, is yet before the House
of Representatives. It alloys the silver change of
half dollars and under, 6 i)l per cent. With this
reduction, the snul er coins would bear to gold
the ratio of 15233, sav 15 1-4 to 1, which Mr.
Hunter, the Senate Chairman of Finance, who re
ported the bill, says, give a greater value than it
beats in Russia, Holland and France.
The late defeat of the bill for the establishment
of a branch mint in New York for the want of two
or thre- straggling votes, lays that subject, as a
distinct measure, upon the shelf for the present
A bill for the re-organization of the navy was
taken up in the Senate. Commodore Stockton
submitted a batch of no less than sixty-six amend
ments thereto, which were all agreed to, and the
bill was ordered to be engrossed.
The President in a message to the Senate, de
clines sending the correspondence concerning a
modification of Stpiier's Nicaragua treaty, because
negotiations are still pending.
The Union announces- the re-election of Hon.
Sam. Houston, as United States Senator.
Mr. Pierce has written a cordial letter to Hon.
James Buchanan inviting him to name a member
of the Cabinet from Pennsylvania. He would pre
fer the privilege of nominating Mr. Marcy as the
New York member.
Gen. Pierce is said to have waited upon Mr.
Meagher, on the arrival of the latter gentleman in
Concord. Mr. M. delivered a Wture in the eve
ning, at which the General attended.
Hon. Rufus Choate has been tendered and ac
cepted the attorney-generalship of the State of
The committee who have had charge of the
business of collecting contributions in New York,
for the relief of the inhabitants of Madeira, have
chartered the brig Tally Ho.
The Ijtersatiosal Coptribht Trxatt.
We are at length enabled to congratulate oar
readers on the prospect of a speedy settlement of
the international copyright question. Among
the documents which arrived in the Africa, and
for which she was detained twenty-four hours at
Liverpool by the British government, is said to be
a project of a copyright treaty between Great
Britain and this country. It had been executed at
Marshfield, by the late Daniel Webster and Mr.
Crampton, the British Minister, a short while be
fore the last illness of the former ; and having been
returned from England, with the sanction and ap
proval ot the British government, is now probably
under the consideration of Mr. Everett and Mr.
Crampton. -N. Y. Herald.
In the House of Representatives of Rhode
Island, on the 29th Jan- a test vote on the new li
quor law was taken, and decided in favor of the
law by 39 to 24. .
The Savannah Courier has a letter from Florida
which states that the Indians had formally de'
clared war against the United States, and a pain
ful rumor prevailed that Gen, Hopkins and his
lores naa oen massacreq.
At Barbadoes the Wof life from yellow fi
ha. been great on board H. M. screw stam fr!!!r
Dauntless 34 guns, 580Ve poweTafe
wardP.Halstea.1. Altogether, she lostS
cers and thirty men. ' x'" j
We have advices . from Hayanvto the
January. 1 hey indicate the germs of a 5
serious disagreement between Spain andG
Britain arising from the expulsion of a Britk''
ject from SL Jago de Cuba, by Gcaeral MprfinS".
ta, wunoui any assignea reason, and without f
of trial as demanded by him. It is aliened tlw
on anneal to the Cantain General of Pnh,9..
of Medinvilla was confirmed and Mr. Boyan
ordered to leave Cuba, and that the whru
ceeding was in revenge for Mr. Boylan's aiTZ
complicity with the commander of a British erSl
in the capture of a Spanish slave-trading shin
The mother of the new empress of j? ftQc .
said to be nearly related to Bishop Fitzpatrici Z
RAttnn 'Ttnrnnn r.thrAt
Our advices from London are to the 21st, fn.
Liverpool to the 2d, and from Paris to the 20tW
The only event of political importance a
statement made by Lord John Kussel to ther-.
Diplomatique, that he holds office only ad t'n
and will soon resign bis office to the Earl of Puj.
endon. The Earl of Dalhousie is appointed Cb
stable of Dover, and Warden of the Cinque Por
Lord Drumlanrig (Peelite) had been elected J
Dumfriesshire, ScotlandSir Wm. Jardine.4,
naturalist, by whom he was opposed, having
The Oxford University election is still protrsa
ed, Mr. Gladstone slightly ahead of bis competitor
A new line of Australian steamers is projected
under the name of the "Australian Direct Stein
Navigation Company, to ply by way of Pana
or any part of Central America that may ultimate,
ly be found more desirable. Capital, one milhra
in jco snares.
The Gazette contains a notice from Lord Join.
Russell that the British Government has receitei
from the Ottoman Porte an official announcement
of the blockade ot the Adriatic coast trora Dufciir.
no to me extreme x ur&isn ironuer, oy uie i ortua
.i . m t l r i . i m . .w
fleet. . '
The celebrated case of Achilli against Newman.
again before the court, and is exciting some i
terest among the partizans of those gentlemen.
The London Daily News announces that" V
Kossuth is, it is understood, about to pay an nfr
visit to America, where the election of a Demi
cratic President has given many of his admires t
From France we have little beyond the detiij
of the Imperial appointments. - .
The Prince de Wagrarn has resigned in dismm
his position of Senator, because he was not p.
pointed 44 Grand Huntsman ; " which office, be
maintains, was made hereditary by the first Hap
leon, in the family of Marshal Perthier.
M. Dnoin is thought to have still the intend
to accept the poet of Procureur-General at the
Court of Cessation.
Capt Belveze is appointed Commander of t!
Naval Station of Newfoundland ; and Col. Brc&ot
replaces Col. Delafaye in the military command of
The Ministers of Tuscany, Baden and Hanoi
presented their credentials to the Emperor on the
8th inst. M. Kisseleff has been credited as Ra-
sian M mister at Pans. On the 7th, the Ministers
of Bavaria and Wurtemberg presented their cred
Mr. Rives, Minister of the United States, bid
presented his credentials at the Tuilleries, to lie
Emperor. The presentation took place with ie
same ceremonials as on late similar occasions.
The Ottoman as well as the Prussian and Aurtno
Ministers also presented themselves officially near
It is stated in commercial circles that Govera.
ment has concluded a contract with the .Mess.
series NationaIes.in conjunction with M. Letassenr
the great ship owner, for the establishment of a
line of steamers to ply between Cherbours and the
ports in North and South America. The Compa
ny, it is said, have undertaken to supply 53 Krev
steamers of 1000 horse power each.
i here is a report that the Minister of State ha
talien into discredit with his colleagues.
PORT OF HONOLULU.
Mar. S3 An tcb Gazelle. Gift 24 ds fin San Prnri
28 - K. 1.. Frot. HeaiDsb-ad. 22 ds dv
J Br bri?in Ajimm aaJ E uma, Piuhora. 18 d f 1 T.
3.1 u Cil.iu 11, it r c V
30-Fr ah BoliTie, beau, iddifm do.
Am f h OpU. Xewell. 5 tnue fin yt Bedford.
S- H. VVateiman. Hall, tim Lahaiaa. 220 H.
450 wh, 40)i b ne.
1 tu Black Ele, Ludlow, fin Hilo, 50 ip.
Am wh sh Tnrary, H.l
" b Alice, White.
" M fh CVpia, Newell.
Bre Otahrite. Weitinv.
" Jw. Hajr nr Gooaman.
Aro wh sh Huntsvi le, Smiti.
" " James Lo er, Whippy.
" " U.eai., James VV7
u m u Minerra. Remolds.
" " Phoenix, Bellow .
h Charle. Mai lory, r Y. Londoa.
" wh sh W. C. Xye, vd-ms.
" - Newark, Dickens.
Chariot, Bum pas.
Vessel, in Port.
Am sh Warren, ditfe. m t i . ,
aZ .1 Z Norton. bk N. S. 1'erk.i.s. Allrt.
Am.b Alice MandeM. Win.
Am sh Cambria Cull!.
Fr sh Villa de Reane. Bell.it.
Bre sh Alex. R.rrlar. Hio-
Fr sh Espwiton. Ilomont.
Amsb J'nfc F.lua'th,. Bappell.
Am sn magnolia, i i.
Am h Olivt-r Crocker. Cash.
Xortbrrn Light, Swtt
Am sh Citizen, Ba- ley.
8 H Waterman, till
Am h Aquetnet, Cuiry.
bk Black a(!e, LudU.".
Am sh .vrth Star, Brown. -
Am sh P. Lnrman, Clarke. iBr be Vancouver. Raid.
Am sh lluntrem, Lambert. Am bk Philomela, Glovtr.
Br srh Time. Chape Um bri; Zoe, Ricbaid.
Am sh Eliza Warwitk,Vauon Rs bk Kndiak, Faarnhta.
Am clipper h y reo, SiUbee.
" sch Gazelle. Gift.
Am bk Magdala.
" E. L. Fr..st. Hemnstt
Am sh York, M'Kenilry.
A:f sh Orphnii., Wewt.
xr Drtcan Agnesfc Emma,
" bk Galatea, Hates.
Fr h Bolivie, Beau.
Am re stwiss Uov, Dexter.
Br sch Launta, Baker.
PORT OF LAHAINA,
Am sh Benj. Tucker, Sand.
" Eliza Adams, Smith, 400 en.
- Hero, Mc'Cteave, Nantucket. 35o n. 458 "
" Europa, Weeks, 60 p, 1550 wh, 25000 ta
- u Olympia, Russel, 90 sp, 1200 wh. f
" M Omegn, Fisher, 1400 wh. 5.
Am bk Petrea, Lewis, 16 d fm Sin Francisco,
to Calcutta. The 1st officer bmke his taos"
and the P. put into Lahaina for medical aid.
JU Am bk Barah M.'Srs, Wpodbtiry, SOds fm Sa
130 pa.enrers for Port Phillip.
30 Am brig Ida, Love joy, 16 ds nu Saa Franci
PORT OF HILO.
Mar. 14 Sh Brook line, Kelly.
15 Ph Pacific, Alien, 300 rp. "
16 Sh Winslow, Daverieux. - '
17 8h Falcon, Giirduer. 5d sp.
. 17 Ph Roman, Tripp, 300 sp.
17 Ph A mold a, Hardin 350 so. .
IS Ph Julian, Cleveland, 20 sp, 1300 wh.
19 eh Maryann, Daliman.
. 19 Sh Niagara, Cloueh, 50 p, 1950 wb.
. 21 Ph Rtinbow, flasket, 90 sp.
. SI PhCallao, Baker,
CJ QD A CRACKERS just received br '
Honolulu, April 2, 1853.
Ioc. Lisrht, Srott, fm Lah .iDa,35p, 6O0t
Ik uee. White, fm Hilo, 700 wh
" i es Leper, Whippy, fat Hawaii.
" Oroeev Fisher, fm .oasi Cal I0j p, HIDwa.
" " Minerva. Ret sold, fm Tah ti.